Agri-environmental by benbenzhou

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 49

									Financing Environment
 General framework of EU funding
       for the Environment
    For the period 2007-2013

     Supported by the European Commission (DG ENV)

                                                     04/2007
                                     EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
                              POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES (2000-2006)


                                                                 European Environment Policy
  Common               Social &
 Agricultural         Economic          Sectorial & Internal     6th Environment Action Programme
   Policy             Cohesion               Policies
                        Policy


        Structural Funds
                                        Transport: Marco Polo         LIFE               Thematic
  EAGGF, ERDF, ESF, FIFG               Energy: SAVE, ALTENER,                          Programmes
                                                                     - Nature
                                                STEER
                                                                  - Environment       Co-operation for
Regulation &      Regional Single          R&D: 6th FPRTD                            Sustainable Urban
    Rural          Programming                                   - Third countries     Development
Development       Document (SPD)          Education-Youth:
National Plan     objectives 1 & 2        Socrates, Youth                             Marine Pollution

     Agri-         National SPD         Employment & Social                          Promotion of NGOs
environmental       objective 3          affairs: Leonardo,
                                                                                     Civil Protection &
  Measures                                Daphne,Tempus
                Community Initiative                                                  Environmental
Environmental     Programme (CIP):      Culture: Culture 2000,                         Emergencies
 Protection &   LEADER+, INTERREG              MEDIA
                                                                                       Environment &
 Management      III, EQUAL, URBAN                                                      Developing
                                          External relations:
  of Natural     Innovative Actions:    MEDA, SMAP, PHARE,                               Countries
    Areas            ERDF, ESF           TACIS, Asia-pro-Eco
                                                                                      Tropical Forest


                    SAPARD,
                   PHARE, ISPA
                                                                                                 04/2007
                            2007-2013 Period



                  Reference documents

    COM(2004)29 Delivering Lisbon - Reforms for the enlarged Union

COM (2005) 192 Towards a new partnership for growth , jobs and cohesion

             COM(2004)107 A new partnership for cohesion

              COM(2004)101 Building our common future -
Policy challenges and Budgetary means for the Enlarged Union 2007-2013

    COM(2005)299 Cohesion Policy in support of Growth and Jobs:
             Community Strategy Guidelines, 2007-2013


                                                                     04/2007
                         EC POLICIES and PROGRAMMES (2007-2013)



                         Social &           Sectorial & internal        European
 Common                 Economic                 Policies             Environmental
Agricultural            Cohesion                                          Policy
  Policy                  Policy         Transport : Marco Polo II
                                        Innovation & Enterprises :
                                           Competitiveness and
   EAGGF              3 objectives        Innovation framework            LIFE+
  European                                  Programme (CIP)
 Agricultural        - Convergence
Guidance and
                   - Competitiveness       R&D : 7th FPRTD-FP7
Guarantee Fund
                      - Cooperation     Education & Culture: Youth,
  FEADER                                Lifelong Learning, MEDIA,
  European
 Agricultural        ERDF, ESF, EFF,           Culture 2007
Fund for Rural       Cohesion Funds
                                       Employment & Social Policy:
 Development
                                              Progress

                                       External relations: European
             Instrument for            Neibourghood & Partnership,
             Pre-accession              Development Cooperation
            Assistance (IPA)                  Instrument,…
                                             Justice, Security,
                                              Citizenship,…                    04/2007
                                     Budget 2007



                      Where does the money come from?

                                                    Unspent amounts from previous
Customs duties agricultural duties
                                                     year contribution of EU staff
       and sugar levies
                              15%     1%


                  15%




                                                            69%

   A uniform rate applied on EU
       countries VAT basis
                                                   A uniform rate applied to gross
                                                   national income of EU countries




                                                                                     04/2007
                                    Budget 2007


                        Sharing out of the Budget
                               EUR 126 Billion for 2007


 Structural Funds                                    Common Agricultural Policy

       35,8%
                                                            44,2%




                 5,5%
                                     8,9%
                        5,5%
                                                          Internal Policy
Other Politics
                               Administration


                                                                            04/2007
      Figures in Euros for 2007 according to Political Area



Agriculture and Rural Development             EUR 54909 Million

Regional Policy                                EUR 34694 Million

UE as Global partner                           EUR 6582 Million

Research                                       EUR 3912 Million

Energy and Transport                           EUR 1808 Million

Education and Culture                          EUR 1222 Million

Environment                                     EUR 353 Million




                                                                   04/2007
The EU Financial
  Instruments




                   04/2007
       Agricultural and Rural Development
                 Common Policy




                   2 Funds

                The EAGF
     European agricultural guaranty fund

                 The EARDF
European agricultural and rural development fund




                                                   04/2007
                                 EARDF


         For each Member State : National Strategic Plan - NSP
    REG (CE) 1698/2005 :On support for rural development by EAFRD

                              4 measures

Improving the competitiveness in the agricultural and forestry sectors
                    (at least 10% of the budget)

  Improving Environment and the countryside - Rural development
                    (at least 25% of the budget)


        Diversification of the rural economy and quality of life
                       (at least 10% of the budget)

                             LEADER heading
                       (at least 5% of the budget)

                                                                    04/2007
                Regional Policy or Cohesion Policy

                                 EUR 350 Billion



 Community action aims to respond to the challenges linked to economic
social and territorial inequalities, the acceleration of economic restructuring
                        and the ageing of the population.
          They are concentrated on a limited number of priorities




                                                                           04/2007
        Cohesion policy




          Three Objectives

            Convergence

Regional Competitivity and Employment

   European territorial Cooperation




                                        04/2007
                        Cohesion policy

         Three financial instruments - the structural funds:

  Regulation 1828/2006 setting out rules for the implementation of
Council Regulation 1083/2006 laying down general provisions on the
                           instruments

        European Regional Development Fund : ERDF
Regulation 1780/2006: on the European Regional Development Fund

                The European Social Fund : ESF
        Regulation 1081/2006: on the European Social Fund

                       Cohesion Fund : CF
       Regulation 1084/2006: establishing a Cohesion Fund




                                                                 04/2007
                           The Convergence objective

Objective: to help the least developed member states and regions of EU to catch
up quickly the EU average GDP by improving growth and employment .

Fields of activities:

•Physical and human capital
•Innovation
•Knowledge-based society
•Adaptability to change
•Environment and administrative effectiveness


Two types of regions:

•Region where capita GDP is below 75% of the community average

•Regions where capita GDP has risen above 75% of the Community average due
to the statistical effect of enlargement will benefit from transitional, specific and
degressive financing


                                                                                    04/2007
                             The Convergence objective



                                  ERDF and ESF

Types of activities according to financial instruments

ERDF
To support sustainable integrated economic development and the creation of
sustainable jobs
To modernise and diversify regional economic structures in:
Education, energy, environment, culture, tourism, research, health, transport

ESF
To invest in human capital
To reform education and training system, lifelong learning
To develop human potential through research and innovation
To boost institutional capacity and effectiveness to improve governance




                                                                                04/2007
                            The Convergence objective

                             COHESION FUND                     EUR 70 Billion

Objective: to foster balanced sustainable economic and social development in
the Community, to reduce the gap between the level of development
It will support the “ Convergence” objective for Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech
Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia

Two fields of activities:

•The environment (within the context of the European Environnemental policy
priorities) and all the field that encourage sustainable development as energy…
•The trans-European transport networks especially the priority projects of
European interest

Types of activities

•Contribute to preliminary studies
•Technical support
•Monitoring
•Publicity and information campaigns
                                                                                  04/2007
         The Regional competitiveness and employment objective

Objective: to strengthen competitiveness and attractiveness as well as
employment.


Two priorities

•Economic change

•More and better jobs


Types of regions

Region where capita is GDP is above 75 % of the community average

168 eligible regions in EU 27




                                                                         04/2007
             Regional competitiveness and employment objective
                             Economic change

                                      ERDF
Priorities
Innovation and knowledge economy

Environnent and risk prevention
        Restoring contaminated land

         Infrastructures linked to biodiversity and NATURA 2000

         Energetic efficiency and Aternative Energy

         Public and urban clean transports

         Formulating plans to anticipate and manage natural and technology
         related risk.

Transports and communication services accessibility

                                                                             04/2007
       Regional competitiveness and employment priority
                    More and better jobs

                                    ESF


Priorities:
           Increasing adaptability among workers and businesses

         Improving access to employment for jobseekers

         Reduce social exclusion

         Create partnerships to manage reforms in employment and to combat
         social exclusion

         Formulating plans to anticipate and manage natural and technology
         related risk




                                                                             04/2007
 Convergence objective


Regional competitiveness
and employment objective




                           04/2007
                     European territorial cooperation priority

                                             ERDF

Developing economic and social cross-border activities 74% (ex INTERREG IIIa)

•Development of SME, tourism, culture and cross-border trade
•Protection and common management of the environnent
•Best access to transport information, communication networks and services
•Common use of health, culture and education infrastructures

  Transnational cooperation 21% (ex INTERREG IIIb)

  •Water management
  •Accessibility to European transport network
  •Risk prevention
  •Scientific and technologic networks

  Interregional Cooperation 5% (ex INTERREG IIIc)
  To promote networks between regional and local public authorities:

  •Making regional policy more effective
  •Regions, actors of the economic change
  •Environment and risk prevention

                                                                             04/2007
Cross border cooperation




                           04/2007
Transnational cooperation
                            Northern
                            Periphery

                            Baltic Sea

                            North West
                            Europe

                            North Sea

                            Atlantic Coast

                            Alpine Space

                            East-Centra-
                            Europe

                            South West
                            Europe

                            Mediterranean

                            South East
                            Europe

                            Caribbean Area

                            Açores-Madeira-
                            Canarias

                            Indian Ocean
                            Area
                                       04/2007
            Implementation scheme

EUROPEAN STRATEGY FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
         Community Strategic Guidelines
            « Earmarking Lisbonne »




 NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
       National Strategic Reference Framework




     REGIONAL OPERATIONNAL PROGRAMMES
          With environmental assessment


                                                04/2007
                             Figures




                             Objective 2
                                                 Objective3
         Objective 1          Regional
                                                 Territoiral
        Convergence      competitiveness and
                                                Cooperation
       EUR 283 Billion      Employment
                                               EUR 8,72 Billion
                            EUR 55 Billion


ERDF         x                   x                    x
ESF          x                   x
 CF          x



                                                                  04/2007
                     Figures (current prices)


                     Bulgaria: EUR 6,853 Billion
  Convergence objective: EUR 6,674 Billion
                ERDF: EUR 3,206 Billion
                ESF : EUR 1,185 Billion
                CF: EUR 2,283 Billion
  Territorial cooperation objective: EUR 179 Million


                      France : EUR 14,3 Billion
Convergence objective : EUR 3,2 Billion
Regional competitiveness and employment objective: EUR 10,26 Billion
Territorial cooperation objective: EUR 0,9 Billion


                     Greece : EUR 20 420 million
Convergence objective: EUR 19 575 million
Regional Competitiveness and Employment objective: EUR 635 million
Territorial Cooperation objective: EUR 210 million

                                                                       04/2007
Sectorial programmes 2007-2013




                                 04/2007
                   Sectorial programmes




                          LIFE +

The 7th framework programme for technological research and
                    development (FP7)

     Competitiveness and innovation programme (CIP)

               The PROGRESS programme

  The integrated programme « EDUCATION AND LIFE LONG
                        LEARNING »

                EU as global partner policy


                                                             04/2007
                 LIFE+


                                    3 Priorities

             Nature and biodiversity - at least 50% of the budget

     Governance and environmental politics : health and environment,
                  greenhouse gas, natural resources

                           Information and dissemination




EUR 300 Million per year                     20% for european projects
                                    80% for projects from national priorities plan



                                                                                     04/2007
The 7th framework programme for technological research and
                    development - FP7

                 4 STRATEGIC PROGRAMMES

                       1. Cooperation

                           2. Ideas

              3. People : Marie-Curie Programme

     4. Capacities : SME programme, Regions of knowledge,
            Research Potential (REGPOT) programme


                         EUR 50,5 Billion




                                                             04/2007
                     FP7



  STRATEGIC PROGRAMME COOPERATION

                 10 priorities

                     Health
     Food, agriculture et biotechnologies
Technologies of information and communication
      Nanosciences et nanotechnologies
                    Energy
       Environment and climate change
                   Transport
     Socio-economic and human sciences
                     Space
                    Security




                                                04/2007
                                       FP7



  Details of the Environmental priority              EUR 1,9 Billion for 2007-2013

Climate change, pollutions and natural risks :
         Including environment and health

Sustainable use of resources :
         Natural resources and man-made resources
         Marine environment

Environmental technologies

Earth Observation and assessment tools



                                    Other Topics
    International commitments of the EU : Kyoto, biodiversity Conventions,
    World summit for sustainable development
    Contribution to IPCC and Global Earth Observation Initiative
    European Politics : 6th EAP, WFD, ETAP, SCALE, Maritime strategy

                                                                              04/2007
  COMPETITIVENESS AND INNOVATION PROGRAMME - CIP

                      3 SPECIFIC PROGRAMMES

            Innovation and entrepreneurship programme

                      Strategic in matter of
     information and communication technologies programme

               Intelligent Energy- Europe programme

                              EUR 3,6 Billion

               Including EUR 433 Million for Eco-Innovation


And EUR 727 Million for Energy intelligent Europe (Save, Altener et Steer)


                                                                             04/2007
                  THE PROGRESS PROGRAMME



         5 PRIORITIES

         Employment
                                       3 types of actions
Social protection and inclusion             Analyse
                                       Common learning
        Work condition             Assistance to stakeholders

Fight against discrimination and
      encourage diversity

       Woman Equality                    EUR 700 Million



                                                           04/2007
             EDUCATION AND LIFE LONG LEARNING
                 INTEGRATED PROGRAMME




                Gathering former programmes as

                Comenius (schools et colleges)
                     Erasmus (universities)
      Leonardo Da Vinci (professional teaching and learning)
                  Gruntvig (adults education)

A transversal programme (politics cooperation, languages learning,
                      CIT, dissemination)

   And a new programme : Jean Monnet (European integration)


                         EUR 6,970 Million
                                                                     04/2007
                    UE as Global Partner policy

COM(2004) 626: On the instruments for External Assistance under the future
financial perspective 2007-2013.



                           Four main instruments


                 •Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA)
          •European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)
                  •Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)
                      •European Development Fund (EDF)




                                                                             04/2007
                                  EU AS GLOBAL PARTNER

                                                                  Instrument for Pre Accession IAP

                    Part of the different instruments             European Neighbourhood and
                                                                  Partnership Instrument
                                                                  Development Cooperation
                     0,0% 3,1% 2,1%               18,5%           Instrument
      0,9% 10,7%
  2,3%                                                            Other Actions and Programmes
                                                                  (Including Decentrilised Agencies)
 2,9%
                                                                  Industrialised Countries
0,4%
                                                                  Instruments
                                                                  EC Guarantee for Lending
5,7%                                                              Operation
                                                                  Common Foreign and Security
                                                          20,8%   Policy
                                                                  Macroeconomic Assistance
                    32,5%
                                                                  Humanitarian Aid

                                                                  Instrument for Nuclear Safety
                                                                  Cooperation
                                                                  Instrument For Stability

                                                                  Democracy and Human Right
                   The EDF is not part of the EU budget           (EIDHR)
                                                                                             04/2007
INSTRUMENT FOR PRE ACCESSION ASSISTANCE
                  (IPA)



                       Regulation 1085/2006
     Establishing an Instrument for Pre accession assistance.




                                                                04/2007
EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD AND PARTNERSHIP
            INSTRUMENT (ENPI)



  Regulation 1638/2006 : Laying down general provisions establishing
       a European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument




                                                                       04/2007
EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD AND PARTNERSHIP
              INSTRUMENT


                 29 cooperation areas among them:

  -      To promote environmental protection ,nature conservation and
              sustainable management of natural resources
               including fresh water and marine resources

  -   To pursue regional and local development efforts in both rural and
  urban areas to reduce balances and improve regional and local capacity




 Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Egypt Georgia Israel Jordan Lebanon Libya
      Moldova Morocco the Palestinian Authority Syria Tunisia and Ukraine


                                                                                04/2007
European Neighbourhood and Partnership map




                                             04/2007
       DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT (DCI)



Regulation 1905/2006: Establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation




                                                                                04/2007
               DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT

Objective: to encourage development, economic, financial, scientific cooperation
and all the other forms of cooperation with countries and regions partners to help them
to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) contributing to reduce poverty

                                             Priorities

                           • To encourage sustainable development
               • To reinforce democracy, human rights, constitutional state…
     •     To contribute to environment protection, biodiversity, climate change… at
                                       international level.
              •  To reinforce partnerships between EU and the different areas.




         Eligible countries: Asia , Latino America, Central Asia, Middle East, South Africa.


                                                                                               04/2007
           THEMATIC PROGRAMME FOR ENVIRONMENT
         COM 20/2006 : External Action - Thematic programme for environment
          and sustainable management of natural resources including energy

Under the different external financial instruments :

Geographical programmes: Asia, Latino America… ( DCI), Mediterranean Partner
Countries (ENPI), Candidates and potential candidates countries ( IAP).

Thematic programmes: human rights and democracy, investment in human resources,
the environment and sustainable management of natural resources (including energy),
food safety, the participation of non-state actors in the development process, migration
 and asylum, and cooperation with the industrialised countries.


General Objectives for thematic programme for environment:
•  To promote EU’s policies abroad
•  To address the environmental dimension of development and other external policies

                                                                                   04/2007
         THEMATIC PROGRAMME FOR ENVIRONMENT

Priorities

•   To achieve Millennium Development Goal 7 (Ensure Environmental Sustainability),
•   To promote implementation of EU initiatives and commitments at international level,
including in the areas of sustainable development, climate change …
•   To improve the integration by the EU of environmental questions, particularly as
regards combating poverty, by expanding the EU's responsibilities and through cooperation
specialist aids.
•   To improve international governance as regards the environment and the EU’s driving ro
especially by supporting international organisations and helping to implement multilateral
agreement
•   To promote options for renewable energy, particularly through institutional support
and technical assistance


     Eligible countries: All the partner countries including ACP countries; OCT’s countries;
         European neighbourhood countries,DCI countries… but except IAP countries
                                                                                          04/2007
             EUROPEAN DEVELOPMENT FUND (EDF)
                                    EUR 22,7 Billion

       Instrument based on the Cotonou Agreement between UE and ACP countries


   Objective:
   •   Cooperation focusing on poverty reduction
   •   To improve financial cooperation
   •   Develop news economic and trade partnerships



Financial instruments : Grants, Venture capital, Loans to the private sector

EDF fundings : Member states ( not in the community budget), Part of community
budget for OCT’s, European Investments Bank own contribution



       Eligible countries: African Caribbean and Pacific countries (ACP) and OCT’s
                                                                                     04/2007
              EUROPEAN DEVELOPMENT FUND (EDF)
This instrument finances all the projects contributing to economic social and cultural
development



Fields of application
-   Commercial promotion
•   Social and cultural development ( education, health..)
•   Infrastructures development ( transport , communication…)
•   Production diversification and development ( rural production, industry,
    energy resources)
•   Thematic actions ( health, hygiene, drought…)
•   Emergency humanitarian actions ( refugees, disasters, aids…)
•   All the project must integrate horizontal questions as :struggle against poverty,
    the equality of treatment man woman,
     the environment, the sustainable development..

                                                                                        04/2007
ACP countries map




                    04/2007
                          OTHERS PROGRAMMES



solidarity and management of migration flows
                                                  Culture 2007

              Security and liberties protection
                                                         Marco Polo II
                   Fundamental rights and Justice


                            Health and Consumer Protection


                                    European citizenship


                                               Sustainable fisheries

                                                                         04/2007

								
To top