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Study Guide for Exam No 4

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					MUS 210: Study Final Exam                                      Name _____________________
Fall, 2003
                                         Section 1: 20th Century

A.   Aaron Copland
B.   Alban Berg                     _____ Influenced style development of “French Six, “
C.   Anton Webern                         Gymnopadies
D.   Arnold Schoenberg              _____ One of the ”French Six” group of composers
E.   Béla Bartók                          (Scaramouche)
F.   Charles Ives                   _____ develops atonal style and new organizational structures
G.   Claude Debussy                       (12 tone system)
H.   Darius Milhaud                 _____ Russian born student of Rimsky-Korsakov composed
I.   George Crumb                         radical, shocking works for Ballet Russe in Paris
J.   George Gershwin                _____ composed ballet on American folk themes
K.   Gustav Mahler                  _____ composed in musique concrète
L.   György Ligeti                  _____ composer of expressionist opera
M.   Igor Stravinsky                _____ impressionist composer emphasized orchestral colors
N.   John Cage                            over form
O.   Leonard Bernstein              _____ associated with Debussy and influenced by jazz styles of
P.   Maurice Ravel                        Gershwin
Q.   Eiik Satie                     _____ Post Romantic composer; programmatic preoccupation
R.   Varèse                               with spiritualism and nostalgia in late works
                                    _____ Moderninst American composer active at turn of the
                                          century
                                    _____ Wrote in symphonic jazz with elements of big
                                          band/swing styles and popular American musical
                                    _____ pianist / composer of American opera and classical
                                          music--cross over with jazz
                                    _____ Avant-garde composer challenges traditional music
                                          thinking (4’:33”)
                                    _____ Hungarian 20th century nationalist pianist / composer /
                                          scholar
                                    _____ Avant-Garde American composer noted for unusual uses
                                          of acoustic instruments with electronic effects, prepared
                                          piano, aleatoric elements
                                    _____ explores new vocal sonorities with use of graphic
                                          notation of tone clusters from chromatic scale

T or F
_____ John Cage was associated with Aleatoric music.
_____ Schoenberg is generally credited with founding the 12 tone method of composition.
_____ “prepared piano” refers to unusual tuning systems introduced in the 20 th century
_____ Minimalistic pieces are extremely brief
_____ Early 20th century music remained consonant to the ear.
_____ In 20th century music dissonances do not always resolve.
_____ Total serialism is an extension of twelve tone music to include the complex organization of other
       musical elements.
_____ Aleatoric music referred to an ultra-rational form of serialism.
_____ 20th century melodies are generally more difficult to sing than those of the Romantic era.
_____ Erik Satie continued the style of French Romanticism in the 20th century




                                                    1
A.   aleatoric                     F.   leit motive                    K.   pentatonic
B.   Avant-Garde                   G.   musique concrète               L.   polytonality
C.   heimola                       H.   non-functional harmony         M.   serialism
D.   ideé fixe                     I.   octatonic                      N.   tempo rubato
E.   irregular meters              J.   passacaglia                    O.   whole tone scale

_____   asymmetrical time signatures
_____   the most advanced state of music composition and philosophy
_____   scale of alternating whole and half steps
_____   variation form based on repeating melodic / harmonic formulae
_____   element of chance
_____   five scale degrees between octave
_____   six scale degrees between octave
_____   use and manipulation of recorded, real-world sounds as musical material
_____   a recurring melody representing a central character or idea in a program symphony
_____   simultaneous use of two or more keys
_____   rhythmic technique of changing accent pattern within measure to imply meter change.
        (i.e. 3/4 made to sound like 6/8)
_____   short motive representing character or idea which evolves throughout an entire opera
        forming a subconscious link between music and story
_____   flexible rhythmic style
_____   12 tone system
_____   stresses color while negating tonal relationship

More Matching

a    Bruno Walter                  e    Impressionism                  i    Richard Strauss
b    Charles Ives                  f    Minimalism                     j    The French Six
c    Das Lied von der Erde         g    Modernism                      k    Wozzeck
d    Gustav Mahler                 h    Post Romanticism


____    post world war I group of composers. Light style with elegant, popular appeal, motives often
        based on simple jingle-like tunes
____    composed “The Rockstrewn Hills Join in the People’s Outdoor Meeting” & “The Unanswered
        Question”, American modernist
____    late 20th century style involving many repetitions of simple musical fragments (Phillip Glass)
____    extension and exaggeration of Romantic/traditional style
____    follows art movement from 1890s-- exploration of subtle musical shading and atmospheres
____    song cycle based on translation of Chinese poetry from middle ages
____    student of Bruckner
____    expressionist opera
____    Child prodigy / superstar conductor (historically significant recordings of Romantic works from late
        1950s)
____    Post Romantic composer-- tone poems (Also Spracht Zarathustra, Alpine Symphony)
____    early Superstar conductor and Post Romantic composer --Vienna Imperial Opera / New York
        Philharmonic
____    term used at beginning of 20th century--anything new rejecting traditional ideas
____    connected with “farewell” motive taken from Beethoven piano sonata

Which is most typical of Expressionistic music?
                                                     2
        a. regular meters and rhythms
        b. instruments used in extreme high and low registers
        c. consonant tonal harmonies
        d. conjunct, symmetrical melodies

_____ Which is not true of Expressionism?
      a. it portrayed images in distortion
      b. it was principally a French movement
      c. it attempted to probe the subconscious
      d. it defied traditional notions of beauty

_____ In which element of music was primitivism most evident?
       a. harmony   b. texture    c. rhythm      d. melody


Which composers are associated with the “Second Viennese School?”




Who belong to the “first school,” and to which style period does this refer?




ESSAY (worth multiple points. . . think about it! Use more than just a few simple sentences. write on
back of page) What is meant by the emancipation of dissonance? Where did this expression originate
and why is it significant to music of the 20th century? (associate composers and schools of thought)




Extra credit (theory):

What do you get when you drop a piano down a mine shaft?



                                                   3
                                          Section 2: Comprehensive
                                                 MATCHING

A.   troubadour               _____ German singer of courtly love
B.   neumes                   _____ composers from St. Peter’s school of organum in Rome
C.   monasteries              _____ early musical notation developed as a memory tool for singers
D.   modes                    _____ most solemn service of the Roman Catholic Church
E.   Minnesinger              _____ played a central role in the preservation of knowledge from earlier cultures
F.   mass                     _____ poet musician of France
G.   Leonin and Perotin       _____ body of music for Roman Catholic Church
H.   Gregorian chant          _____ Scale patterns used in western music are known as


Expressive musical devise which linked music to the text used, widely in the Renaissance music and
sparingly in the Baroque _____
       a. polyphony          b. hocket    c. word painting        d. recitative

The theme of a fugue is known as _____ a. ritornello b. idée fixe       c. subject      d. cantus firmus

A recurring theme in a Baroque solo concerto played by the tutti group alternated with evolving solo
passages _____ a. ritornello b. idée fixe  c. subject     d. melissma

For each of the traits listed below, indicate with the appropriate letter the style to which it best relates.

              A. Renaissance          B. Baroque              C. Classical style      D. Romantic

_____ chanson and madrigal as major secular forms
_____ rise of middle class audiences
_____ freer rhythms and tempo rubato
_____ development of early piano
_____ extreme dynamic contrasts (fff to ppp)
_____ first use of crescendo and decrescendo
_____ first use of full range dynamics along with articulation markings
_____ interest in the bizarre and morbid
_____ symphony and string quartet established
_____ introduction of the English horn, tuba, and harp
_____ one-movement programmatic forms and program symphony
_____ ritornello forms standard in orchestral genre
_____ sonata allegro forms established
_____ standard use of basso continuo texture
_____ symmetrical, balanced phrases
_____ the golden age of a cappella vocal performance
_____ unusual ranges on instruments
_____ use of cantus firmus structures
_____ first use of clarinet in orchestra
_____ predominant use of terraced dynamics




                                                      4
(worth many points!) Label each section and construct the sequence of events in a sonata allegro form:

       1st _____________________Section




       2nd _____________________Section




       3rd _____________________Section




A polyphonic piece or section of a piece where successive voices follow strict imitation of a leading voice
is known as _____ a. canon b. cyclic treatment     c. ground bass          d. motet

A three-note chord built on alternate scale tones (i.e. do / mi / so) is called a _____________

       When built on the first scale tone it is called a __________ chord
       When built on the fourth scale tone it is called a __________ chord
       When built on the fifth scale tone it is called a __________ chord

A Baroque accompaniment style performed by a single line bass instrument in conjunction with
harmonic improvisation provided by a lute or keyboard instrument was called _____________________.

Give time span (starting and ending dates -- example:1650 to 1775) for the following style periods as
discussed in class.

                                      A. Renaissance         _____________
                                      B. Baroque             _____________
                                      C. Classical           _____________

Associate a style period for each composer using the letters above.

_____.Bach                            _____.Handel                           _____.Pallestrina
_____.Beethoven                       _____.Haydn                            _____.Purcell
_____.Corelli                         _____.Machaut                          _____.Vivaldi
_____.Desprez                         _____.Monteverdi                       _____.Weelks
_____.Dufay                           _____.Mozart




                                                     5
                                          And More Matching

A. Beethoven               D. Chopin                   G. Giuseppi Verdi        J. Rimsky-Korsakov
B. Berlioz                 E. Dvorak                   H. Joseph Haydn          K. Wagner
C. Brahms                  F. Franz Schubert           I. Mozart

_____ composed 32 piano sonatas including “Moonlight”
_____ Czech nationalist composer wrote in absolute forms incorporating melodic and rhythmic
      (dance) elements of Bohemian folk music
_____ developed art song known as the Lied for solo voice and piano
_____ Gained public recognition of artist as individual
_____ German pianist / composer (Romantic period) who is said to have reintroduced
      classicism through extensive use of traditional, absolute forms
_____ Grandiose orchestral works, expanded orchestral resources (including harp and many
      new woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments), Symphonie fantastique
_____ Italian opera composer followed tradition of bel canto
_____ known as the “Father” of the symphony
_____ Reintroduced formal procedures from past centuries (i.e. passacaglia in 4th symphony)
_____ composed Sheherazade--4 movement programmatic symphonic suite
_____ Vague programmatic single movement pieces (Nocturne Ballade)
_____ Music Drama using leitmotiv technique
_____ well known for opera buffa




A. a multi-movement orchestral piece following extensive
   program (story line)                                       _____ Tone Poem
B. a story represented through music and dance                _____ song cycle
C. collection of songs sharing common theme                   _____ Program Symphony
D. constantly evolving melody avoids cadences through         _____ Mighty Handful
   extensive chromaticism and modulation                      _____ lied
E. forms with no extra-musical reference (symphony,           _____ infinite melody
   sonata, concerto                                           _____ etude
F. German art song: solo voice and piano uniting              _____ character piece
   Romantic poetry and music                                  _____ bel canto
G. group of amateur musicians influenced greatly by           _____ Ballet
   national folk styles                                       _____ absolute music
H. instrumental study piece developing specific technical
   aspects elevated in 19th century to virtuosic
   performance piece
I. Italian operatic singing style (emphasized beautiful
   voice)
J. miniature composition for solo piano with suggestive,
   programmatic title
K. single movement orchestral work based on
   programmatic idea




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