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2010 J/I Students Attached are the answers to Group 8’s questions that I have received to date. I did not check them over for accuracy. By now you should also have the answers provided for each of these questions from your section (they would have been emailed to you from the group). Best of luck on your exam. Group 8 Group 8 1. What are the multiple intelligences? Describe each. 2. What are diagnostic, summative and formative assessments? 3. Why is consolidation in a lesson important? 4. Describe any 3 strategies which would optimize classroom discussion (see the planner) 5. What is a teacher’s Annual Report? 6. See the end of this task sheet. Group 8 7. What are the multiple intelligences? Describe each. - verbal linguistic - logical mathematical - visual spatial - musical rhythmic - interpersonal social - interpersonal introspective - naturalist Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence. Logical-mathematical intelligence consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically. In Howard Gardner's words, it entails the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. Musical intelligence involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns. It encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. According to Howard Gardner musical intelligence runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence entails the potential of using one's whole body or parts of the body to solve problems. It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. Howard Gardner sees mental and physical activity as related. Spatial intelligence involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas. Interpersonal intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people. It allows people to work effectively with others. Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counsellors all need a well- developed interpersonal intelligence. Intrapersonal intelligence entails the capacity to understand oneself, to appreciate one's feelings, fears and motivations. In Howard Gardner's view it involves having an effective working model of ourselves, and to be able to use such information to regulate our lives 8. What are diagnostic, summative and formative assessments? Diagnostic testing is a form of assessment to find out what the students already know before the lesson. Summative assessment is an evaluation, a culminating task at the end of a unit. It impacts the grade average of the student and is usually a larger chunk of information. It refers to the assessment of the learning and summarizes the development of learners at a particular time. After a period of work, e.g. a unit for two weeks, the learner sits for a test and then the teacher marks the test and assigns a score. The test aims to summarize learning up to that point. Formative assessment is checking the understanding of your students, this can take place in mini quizzes or a simple hands up or down for understanding the material. 9. Why is consolidation in a lesson important? Consolidating at the end of the lesson is crucial to students so they can hear once again the main points, or what the teacher has wanted them to take from the lesson. At the end of the lesson this takes place so students once again can talk and ask questions about the overall expectations of the information they have just learned. Consolidation also helps the teacher to plan for the next lesson, if the students are responding well and learning lots of content the next lesson can be more heavier, or if they are having trouble with the current information, the way the information is presented might need to be modified. 10. Describe any 3 strategies which would optimize classroom discussion? a. Develop a series of discussion questions to help frame the direction of the group’s discussion b. Use questions that focus on higher level thinking as in: how and why, rather than who, what, when and where. c. Jigsaw groups: d. Round Robin e. Word Wall 11. What is a teacher’s Annual Report? Annual Teacher’s Report: The law requires the College to report on its activities annually to the legislature. The College uses this opportunity to produce an annual report that is distributed to MPPs, district school boards, federations, faculties of education and the media. A Commitment to Transparency, the 2007 annual report of the Ontario College of Teachers, highlights the work of the College in enhancing transparency and accountability in how we regulate the teaching profession in your interest. If you are a parent or member of the public, you can expect accountability from Ontario teachers. 12. See the end of this task sheet. Group 8 13. What are the multiple intelligences? Describe each. Visual/spatial o Ability to think in pictures o To perceive the world accurately and recreate in the mind or on paper o Highly developed in artists, architects, designer and sculptures Verbal Linguistic o Sensitivity to the meaning order and words Logical Mathematical o ability in mathematics and other complex logical systems. Bodily/Kinesthetic o the ability to use one's body in a skilled way, for self-expression or toward a goal. Mimes, dancers, basketball players, and actors are among those who display bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. Musical/Rhythmic o the ability to understand and create music. Musicians, composers and dancers show a heightened musical intelligence. Interpersonal o an ability to perceive and understand other individuals -- their moods, desires, and motivations. Political and religious leaders, skilled parents and teachers, and therapists use this intelligence. Intrapersonal o an understanding of one's own emotions. Some novelists and or counselors use their own experience to guide others. 14. What are diagnostic, summative and formative assessments? Summative –Conducted at the end of a unit or term –Conducted to evaluate student knowledge Formative –Conducted throughout a unit or term –Conducted to reflect on and assess student knowledge and program success Diagnostic –Conducted usually at the beginning of the year or a unit to get a baseline –Should be conducted at the end to demonstrate / measure success –Should be conducted in the middle to make sure what you are doing is working –Usually focuses on basic skills or knowledge; never used for report cards 3. Why is consolidation in a lesson important? The consolidation in a lesson is important because it reinforces what was covered during the lesson and brings the lesson to an explicit conclusion. A final summary should be used to draw together everything that has been said during the lesson. Key points from the lesson should be emphasized, significant questions raised by the student can be highlighted, application of the lesson material to the student's job could be mentioned, and any challenges that the lesson offers to the students can be stated. 4. Describe any 3 strategies which would optimize classroom discussion (see the planner) Jigsaw The jigsaw technique can be a useful, well-structured template for carrying out effective in-class group work. The class is divided into several teams, with each team preparing separate but related assignments. When all team members are prepared, the class is re- divided into mixed groups, with one member from each team in each group. Each person in the group teaches the rest of the group what he/she knows, and the group then tackles an assignment together that pulls all of the pieces together to form the full picture (hence the name "jigsaw"). Gallery Walk The gallery walk is a cooperative learning strategy in which the instructor devises several questions/problems and posts each question/problem at a different table or at a different place on the walls (hence the name "gallery"). Students form as many groups as there are questions, and each group moves from question to question (hence the name "walk"). After writing the group's response to the first question, the group rotates to the next position, adding to what is already there. At the last question, it is the group's responsibility to summarize and report to the class. Graffiti Graffiti is a collaborative learning strategy involving "students working together in groups to generate and record ideas on chart paper." (p.66) Students are divided into groups and assigned roles (you could use Numbered Head in which students sound off a number from 1 to n [n is the number of people in the groups] to assign roles). The teacher has placed chart paper around the room, each with a different topic drawn from the assigned reading. Each group is given a different coloured marker and travels in rotation from chart to chart on a signal from the teacher, writing responses to the chart topic and to any responses already on the charts. This strategy allows and encourages student to make a personal connection to the reading under study by responding to it and expressing their opinions about and understanding of it. It also allows them to engage in an exchange of ideas with other students which broadens their understanding. 5. What is a teacher’s Annual Report? At the end of the year the teacher reflects on the year as a whole and different units taught, then summarizes the year in this report. Including teacher and student information Grade taught Including class size, individually student information Documents school board information signature of teacher. Group 8 1. What are the multiple intelligences? Describe each. The multiple intelligences are Verbal-Linguistic are learners who tend to learn best by reading, taking notes, listening to lectures and discussions. Logical-Mathematical are learners who have to do with logic, abstractions, reasoning ad numbers. Visual- Spatial are learners who are goo at creating mental pictures. Bodily Kinaesthetic are learners who learn better by involving movement and doing something physical rather than hearing or reading about it. Musical-Rhythmic are learners who have high level of musical-rhythmic and are sensitive to sound, tones and music. Interpersonal-Social are learners who are extroverts and are sensitive to others, they work best in-group or as a team. Intrapersonal-Introspective are learners who are introverted, they are skilful at deciphering their own feelings and motivations and have a deep understanding of their strengths and weaknesses. Neutralist are ones who relate to nature and relay information to their natural surroundings. 15. What are diagnostic, summative and formative assessments? Diagnostic assessment: prior to instruction each students strengths/weaknesses, knowledge and skills are tested. Lets you remediate and adjust the curriculum to meet the student’s needs. Summative Assessment: Test usually given at the end of the term/unit, the purpose is to evaluate the student’s knowledge. Formative Assessment: Tests are not formally graded. Used as an ongoing diagnostic tool. Instruction should use it to modify his/her teaching practices to meet the needs of the students. 16. Why is consolidation in a lesson important? Consolidation is important because it checks student understanding. Without this check students knowledge and grasp of the subject matter cannot be confirmed and therefore the ultimate success of the lesson cannot be measured. 17. Describe any 3 strategies which would optimize classroom discussion (see the planner) 3 strategies: 1) time for discussion 2) Physical set-up of the classroom 3) Ensure discussion with teacher-student, student-student in a respectful manner. 18. What is a teacher’s Annual Report? A report you have to write at the end of the year outlining your strengths/weaknesses/next steps for the following year. 19. See the end of this task sheet. 20. The Multiple Intelligences Linguistic intelligence ("word smart"): Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart") Spatial intelligence ("picture smart") Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart") Musical intelligence ("music smart") Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart") Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart") Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart") Diagnostic Assessment – find out what the students know. Usually done at start of unit. Formative ASSESSment - whichgenerally takes place after a period of instruction and requires making a judgment about the learning that has occurred (e.g., by grading or scoring a test or paper Summative Assessment - refers to the assessment of the learning and summarizes the development of learners at a particular time. 3 strategies that optimize student discussion… 4. Placemat – class in groups, each group has chart paper sectioned off so each student has their own area to write. In the middle is a topic or topic sentence. Now write then discuss Graffiti – students rotate around room to stations where they write anything that the topic sentence/topic that they know Debate – many ways to do this look it up. Teacher’s Annual Report The law requires the College to report on its activities annually to the legislature. The College uses this opportunity to produce an annual report that is distributed to MPPs, district school boards, federations, faculties of education and the media. Each annual report focuses on a theme that features a number of College members and contains an update on all of the College's activities during the past calendar year and information and statistics on membership, appeals and the disciplinary process.
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