CHILD CARE PROVIDER CONNECTION Coming together is a beginning, Keeping together is a progress; Working together is success. ( Henry Ford ) CHILD CARE PROVIDER FYI….. Volume 4 Issue 3 SPRING 2007 Rating Your Family Daycare Frequently Used #’s OEYC - Barrie 792-7878 If someone were to ask you tomorrow, “ How do you rate your program,” what would you say? Have you ever wondered how your home child care program would rate if you actually used an as- OEYC -Innisfil 431-7666 sessment to evaluate it? OEYC -Bradford (905) 775- Are you aware that the increasing concern over the affect of daycare on children’s lives has focused 3039 x229 attention on the quality of that care? Public Library 728-1010 Since most child care is provided in home day cares, the need has grown for an accessible, reliable, and thorough means of assessing the quality and suitability of such settings. Poison Centre The FAMILY DAY CARE RATING SCALE (FDCRS) is an adaptation of the Early Childhood 1-800-461-1716 Environmental Rating Scale, (Teachers College Press, 1980) Simcoe County Health Unit It’s an interesting fact that child care was once viewed as a “substitute for parental care” and, there- fore primarily a service for parents. Now, as knowledge of child development has grown, the qual- 721-7330 ity of the child’s experience while in child care has become a concern because of the possible “detrimental effects of custodial, un-stimulating care on the child’s development.” High quality daycare is important for both the child and the parents. One of the main goals for the CHILD CARE PROVIDER CONNECTION child in a quality child care is to focus on the child’s total development. In addition to ensuring the child is being cared for in a safe, healthy, stimulating learning environment, it is important there are Contact: Donna Cherutti continued opportunities for parent involvement and ongoing communication between the parent and 734-0761 Mon-Fri 1- 3pm home child care practitioner. The Home Child Care Practitioner is expected to be professional and able to provide a safe, suppor- tive, and stimulating environment for a group of children with varying needs. The 32 items of the scale cover six categories: 1. Space and Furnishings for Care and Learning, 2. Inside this issue: Basic Care, 3. Language and Reasoning, 4. Learning Activities, 5. Social Development, 6. Adult Needs. Spring Resources The FDCRS tries to remain realistic for family daycare home settings. However, a family day care home should not be thought of as simply the private home of a family. It must provide the neces- Suggested Spring sary additional organization, space, materials, activities, and interaction to give developmentally- Themes/Outings appropriate experiences to the children who are enrolled there for daycare. The FDCRS is an easy to use tool that will enable you to look at areas of your program and rate Professional Develop- them in an unbiased manner on a scale of 1-7. This tool will allow you to see where extra emphasis ment Opportunities is needed in your program and help you to set goals to make practical changes. For more information go to: www.fpg.unc.edu/~ecers/ Home Daycare Focus yours in caring, donna An Informal Caregiver Is…... In the province of Ontario, you school-age children in addition to Should you wish to care for more may provide care for up to 5 your own. than 5 children plus your own at any children under 10 years of age in given time in your home, you would Example 2. If you provide care addition to your own children at require to be licensed under the for 1 infant, 2 toddlers and 2 any given time in your home. Ontario Day Nurseries Act and preschool children during the meet all of it’s regulations Example 1. If you care for 1 day, you are at your maximum infant plus 2 preschool children number of children, hence you Ontario Ministry of Community during the day, you may also cannot care for any additional Family & Children’s Services: provide after-school care for 2 school-age children after school 737-1311 SPRING RESOURCES Spring Arts & Crafts Bumble Bees What you would need: Black and yellow, fuzzy, pom pom balls. construction paper. and anything you might want to use for flowers. Have the children pick out a background and make a bunch of flowers in the background. Then with the pom pom balls make little bees whom are going for the flowers and their nectar. Kites Cut kite shapes from construction paper and let them decorate by coloring or markers. Tie on a piece of yarn and add cloth or ribbon bows to the yarn. They love running with their kites. You can talk about wind also. Daffodils Give each of the children a yellow and a white cupcake liner. Have them flatten one of their liners and spread glue on the center portion. Then have them place their other liners upright on top of the glue to make daffodil flowers. If desired, attach Popsicle sticks or pipe cleaners for stems. Popcorn Flowers Supplies: popped popcorn powdered tempera paint paper bag construction paper (spring colors) glue markers Directions: Mixed popped popcorn in bag with colored tempera paint and shake. Have children draw a stem and leaves for their flower on construction paper. Glue popcorn on paper for flower petals. Hand Flowers 1. Trace outlines of the child's hand on paper OR paint child's hand. 2. Cut out hand shapes. 3. Using a pencil, roll the fingers up so that they curl up. 4. Curl the handshape vertically into a sort of trumpet/lily shaped cylinder with the finger curls curling outwards. 5. Staple the flower onto a drinking straw, along with cutout leaves. Four or five of these make a nice bouquet. Pattie cup flowers Use a popsicle stick for the stem, a pattie cup for the flower, paint the inside of the cup with glue and sprinkle in some glitter then put in a drop of lavender oil or rose or something smelly - or even perfume. Apricot Tree Using a picture of a bare tree, glue popcorn pieces on the paper to make your own Apricot Tree Nest Make a bird nest using brown construction paper, yarn, etc add a bird to it Rainbow Make a rainbow with paint or construction paper. Take an 11x13 sheet of paper, fold it in half and then open it up. Then take tempura paint (any color) and put a dot in the middle of the paper to one side of the crease. Then put as many dots of paint around this center dot. Do this only on half of the paper. When all paint is in a semi-circle around the first center dot, fold the paper in half and smash the paint flat. Then open it up and see what kind of beautiful flower was created! Games & Activities Science: Create a worm farm with a 2 liter soda bottle, topsoil, and worms. Provide a box for the bottle to go into (with a lid for children to open the box) so that the worms can grow and will move around comfortably. The children can watch them grow and feed them with small scraps of lettuce, carrots, and cucumber peelings. To keep the soil moist, use a small spray bottle to squirt water on top (only need 3 or4 squirts). Gardening Drill holes in the bottom of a plastic swimming pool, fill with dirt, and help the children plant vegetables or whatever you wish for a small, manageable garden. Science In addition to the usual spring time planting of seedlings and dyeing eggs...use this time of new birth and renewal to bring in some kittens or puppies into your classroom. This is a great opportunity to allow children to practice their "gentle" skills, help introduce pets to a fearful child and perhaps even a way to find homes for the babies. Of course, double check about pet allergies. Also, have the children bring in photos of their pets to share with the class. Setting the Scene Bulletin Board Idea Display LIONS with CAPTION - NO LION , IT' S SPRING Make LIONS by using a paper plate for the head and they cut out brown strips of paper and glue them around for the mane. All they need to add are a lighter brown triangle for the nose and they can draw the eyes and mouth. Add whiskers, it you'd like. Songs & Fingerplays Spring Song: I look out my window and what do I see? Popcorn popping on my Apricot Tree Spring has sprung and to my surprise Popcorn popping right before my eyes I can take an armful and make a treat A popcorn ball that will smell so sweet It really isn't so, But it seems to be Popcorn popping on my Apricot Tree Saint Patrick's Day Books Jamie O'Rourke and the Big Potato Clever Tom and the Leprechaun by Linda Shute The Leprechaun's Treasure by Joyce John Arts & Crafts Shamrock Precut a shamrock and glue green tissue paper on it. St. Patrick's Day Pouch Get squares of green felt and with a whole punch, punch holes all the way around the felt. Let the children decorate the felt with sequins, glitter, rhinestones, or what ever. Then when it dries let them string a piece of yarn in and out of the wholes to create a small pouch. Then as a small gift, give them a rock or coin that has been painted gold for their 'treasure' to keep in their pouches. Pepper Prints: Cut a green pepper crosswise and make pepper prints, look like shamrocks. We made shamrocks out of bell peppers today. Slice your bell pepper, dip in green paint, make the prints, add a little green stem with marker. They turned out cute. Have fun:) We also made this week a Pot Of Gold: Paint a little clay pot black, tie a green ribbon around it then fill with chocolate gold coins. They make a cute gift. Cut three hearts and a stem from paper. Glue them in the shape of a shamrock. Then trace it onto green paper. You will have a perfect shamrock every time. Texture Shamrocks Have the children use green fingerpaint that has been mixed with grits (to give it a texture) to cover a shamrock shape. (Or any other St. Patty's Day shape you might like to use---or have a variety for the children to choose from) This gives these are very different feel. Games & Activities Treasure Hunt Cut out 2" Round pieces of cardboard, color them gold and number them then we have a treasure hunt to find all the gold. Then I have a Pot made out of construction paper with matching numbers and we put the gold back in the pot. Duck Duck Goose We play a version of Duck, Duck, Goose that I have adapted for SPD. We substitute leprechaun for duck and treasure for goose Snacks & Recipes Let the kids add green food coloring to vanilla pudding for a special SPD snack. Also, offer a variety of green veggies for them to enjoy...celery, broccoli, spinach leaves, cucumber. Serve with ranch dip and they gobble it up. What a great way to get them to eat veggies. Songs & Fingerplays Leprechaun Pie (from http://www.abcschoolhouse.com) Leprechaun pie, Leprechaun pie, If I don t get some I think I m gonna die. Give away my pot of gold, Give away the sky, But don t give away My Leprechaun Pie!!! Easter Bunny and Chick Arts & Crafts Thumbprint Chicks - With this idea, you can make pictures, cards, wrapping paper, etc. Give each child a piece of white paper. Let them dip their thumbs into yellow paint that is in a shallow container. Let them practice first, before making a craft. The teacher or the child can add an orange beak, 1 eye, black legs & feet, with markers, felt, paper, etc. You can add small wiggle eyes too. Easter Chicks for older kids - The day before, give each child a real egg, (or two). Crack a small hole at the top & bottom of each egg. Blow the inside into a bowl. Wash the inside with soapy water. Set out to dry. Punch out hundreds of yellow paper circles with a hole-punch, die-cut or 3 ring puncher, or let the kids cut their own pile of paper bits. Cover a small area of egg with glue. Using pencil eraser, tweezers, fingers, etc., lay pieces on egg. When finished, glue on paper, foam or pipe cleaner parts: legs, beak, wings. Let dry completely. (the glue helps stiffen the egg). Easter Chicks for Little Ones - Give each child a fake egg; may it be styro-foam, wood, plastic, etc. Let them cover them with bits & pieces of cut or torn yellow paper, yellow feathers, sequins, felt, etc. follow above directions. (using fingers not pencil). Pom-Pom chicks - Take any size of yellow pom-pom balls. Glue on: 2 small yellow feathers for wings 2 wiggle eyes 2 black pipe cleaner legs & feet 1 orange beak (paper, felt, etc) Blown Eggs A fun craft to do with older (upper elementary) children is to very carefully hollow out a raw egg, by gently putting pin holes in each end and blowing out the raw egg...then, after running water through and allowing to dry overnight, let the kids paint them. This gives them the opportunity to make a neat Easter craft that can be kept for years to come, provided it is packaged safely so it doesn't get smooshed throughout the rest of the year. Homemade Easter Grass - Give each child several pieces of thin, white (typing) paper. Let them shred the paper into little strips or little pieces. Put pieces into a zip top bag, or twist tie top. Give each bag several drops of green watercolors. Shake the bag until all pieces are covered & damp, not saturated. Pour out onto a flat surface to dry f or a few hours. (Set in sun & they will be dry shortly). Use for lots of projects! Basket of Chicks- Give each child a styrofoam cup. Let them color the outside light brown with markers or water colors. With a darker brown, draw horiz. & vertical lines onto the cup. Tear the cup around until it is about 3" T. Take 2 brown pipe cleaners & twist. Poke a hole on either side, about 1 inch from top. Gently thread twist ends through & curve back toward cup. Fill the inside with homemade Easter grass & pom-pom chicks. Baby chick Precut an egg from paper. Cut it so it looks like it hatched. Make a chick from paper and glue on yellow tissue paper. Chicks can be done either altogether or by using two circles, one larger than others, and stick together for head and body then cover with yellow feathers or any material or crepe/tissue paper. then add a beak and legs - we used pipe cleaners for legs. Easter Bunny Trace child's hand out of white paper and cut out. Fold down and glue middle finger, then fold thumb and little finger into middle and glue. (This will look like the "arms", and the tow fingers left up are the ears) Glue onto construction paper background. Draw on facial features--eyes, nose, mouth. Add green paper or Easter grass for the grass and I usually hide small oval shapes for eggs in the grass. Handprint Chicks Cut out yellow circle or oval shape for body and use two hands for the wings. Add pre-cut orange legs and feet. Add Googly eyes and small orange folded diamonds for the beaks. You can also replace the hand-wings with feathers for a different effect. Snacks & Recipes Chicks in Nests You need: Waffle Bowls (Keebler) for ice cream Chocolate Syrup Rice Krispys/Sugar Snaps/Kashi type cereal Robin's eggs/jellybeans mashmellow Peeps Have children or adult coat bottom of waffle bowl with chocolate syrup. Then have children add in some of the cereal of choice. Add a robin's egg or two/a few Jellybeans. For the final touch plce the Peep in and you have a Spring Chick in a nest. Chocolate Nests Use shredded wheat breakfast ceral, or rice crispies or anything - melt chocolate and mix with cereal and then put in paper cases. these can then be finished off with either a little chick, or with chocolate mini eggs. Songs & Fingerplays Baby Bunny Baby bunny in your hutch, I like you very much. (Nod head) With furry coat and ears that flop, And a little hop, hop, hop. (hop) Little Bunny, Little Bunny Little Bunny, Little Bunny, turn around, Little Bunny, Little Bunny, touch the ground. Little Bunny, Little Bunny, wiggle your nose, Little Bunny, Little Bunny, touch your toes. Little Bunny, Little Bunny, wave good-bye, Little Bunny, Little Bunny, don't you cry. Little Bunny, Little Bunny, rest your head, Little Bunny, Little Bunny, jump into bed. Little Rabbits Watch the little rabbits Peeking through the grass. (Peek through fingers) When they see me, They duck down fast! (Crouch down to floor) Mother's Day Gift Ideas: Hand shaped flowers: Have each child trace their hand onto a piece of paper. Then have the child cut it out. Obtain a picture of the child to place in the middle with glue. Have the child paint a pop-sicle stick green. When the stick is dry, glue or tape the hand shape on the stick to make hand shaped flowers. Variation: Supply each child with a cup to decorate. Place a little bit of playdoh in the bottom of the cup and stick the flower in the cup. Fun Frames You will need six popsicle sticks, glue, decorations, two small magnets, construction paper and a picture of the child. Then you make a frame with four popsicle sticks. Lay two stick parallel to one another (stick 1 and 2) then complete the frame with sticks 3 and 4. Then to make the picture stay in you will need to add stick 5 and 6 on the top and bottom of the frame. So you have sticks 3 and 4 (the sides) with a stick on the top in front, top in back, bottom in front and bottom in back. Follow? Connect these sticks with glue. When dry have the children decorate these sticks with paint, glue and glitter, macaroni, string, lace, puzzle pieces... whatever Let that dry. Cut a piece of paper to fit the back of the frame. Glue that on. Cut the picture to fit in the frame, and insert the picture. Then glue the magnets at the top and bottom of the back of the frame. Viola.. an awesome mothers day gift. Hand Prints Paint the child's hands, or feet with a paint brush and tempera (or non toxic) paint. Press onto a piece of paper. Write a cute poem or saying at the bottom. Like this one: Sometimes you get discouraged because I am so small and always leave my finger prints on furniture and walls But every day I'm growing I'll be grown someday and all those tiny hand prints will surely fade away So here's a little hand print just so you can recall exactly how my fingers looked when I was very small Bath Salts Last year my son's class collected baby food jars and filled it with bath salts and they decorated the lids with plastic flowers and ribbon. Necklace for Mom: Children can bead a necklace for mom with real beads and fishing line. Make a card with: Glitter Crayons Pens Colored Pencils Markers Paint Lace String Yarn Ribbon Paper Doilies Tissue Paper Torn Paper Heart Shaped Paper The Holes from a hole Punch Stickers Sand Twine Old Puzzle Pieces Buttons Colored Glue Colored Tape Chalk Wet Chalk Wrapping Paper Stamps Aluminum Foil Heart Shaped Confetti Glue on Candy Confections Heart Shaped Sponge Painting Pasta or rice colored with red food coloring You could: Make the Card Heart Shaped Cut the Edges with special scissors that have a funny shape. (If you have a pair you know what I'm talking about) Make a Card Have pre-written poems for the children to glue on their Card, let the children choose the poem they like the best. Make the card out of the paper doily, heart shaped. Let the children write a poem for the inside. Let the children write a special message, or have the child tell you what to write. Use bleeding tissue paper on white paper. Have the children place small pieces of tissue paper on the paper. Have them add water with a paint brush. Allow to dry, and peel off the paper. Make Heart Shaped Cookies with a Sugar Cookie recipe. Mother’s Day Poem for cards Roses are red Violets are blue You’re my one and only mommy And I Love You Don’t forget to check out what’s happening at your local Ontario Early Years Centre or on their website at www.ontarioearlyyears.ca/oeyc/en/Location/Simcoe/Barrie-Simcoe-Bradford/centres.htm then click on calendar to see what workshops and programs are currently taking place. The Barrie Public Library offers a drop-in Preschool Story Time at 9:30 and 10:30 a.m. on Friday mornings. Each session is 30 minutes and children must be accompanied by an adult. There is no cost or registration re- quired. SPRING THEME IDEAS March April May • Weather • Easter ((April 6-9) • Mother’s Day (May 13) • St. Patrick’s Day (March 17) • Ducks & Puddles • How Does A Garden Grow? • First Signs of Spring (March 21) • Earth Day (April 22) • Babies On The Farm • Kites • Birds & Bees • Pond Life SPRING OUTING IDEAS March April May • Visit a Maple Sugar Shack • Visit a Tree Farm • Visit a Local Farm • Fly Kites at a Local Park • Visit the City Greenhouse • Visit a Garden Centre CONTACT NUMBERS FOR LOCAL OUTING IDEAS Simcoe County Museum 728-3721 Wye Marsh ( Midland) 526-7809 Shaw’s Maple Sugar Shack 325-4347 Big Curve Acres 487-2000 City of Barrie Greenhouse 739-4223 Drysdale’s Tree Farm 424-9719 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES: Family Child Care Online Training Program Level Two The Family Child Care Training Program has been developed to enhance the early childhood development learning and care received in family childcare settings. This project has been developed with the collaboration of seven provincial family childcare organizations, two national organizations, a Canadian University and a research organization supported by funding from the HRDC. Level Two is intended for individuals who are currently, or are interested in becoming, providers of family child care in both regulated and unregulated sectors. It is primarily intended for those who have participated in an introductory level training program, (eg. Level 1 of the Family Child Care Training Program, Step Ahead, Good Beginnings) and/or have had experience as caregivers and participated in some training/professional de- velopment opportunities. Participants who complete the entire series will receive a Certificate of Completion Email Unit 1 –Caring for Infants April 8, 2007 Unit 2 – Caring for Toddlers April 15, 2007 Unit 3 – Caring for Preschoolers April 22, 2007 Unit 4 – Caring for School-Aged Children April 29, 2007 Unit 5 – Meeting Children’s Needs in a Multi- May 6, 2007 Aged Group Unit 6 – Developing Children’s Language Skills May 13, 2007 Unit 7 – Developing Caregivers Observation May 20, 2007 Skills Unit 8 – Caring for the Caregiver May 27, 2007 Unit 9 – Balancing Work and Family June 3, 2007 Unit 10 – Planning for Play June 10, 2007 Unit 11 –Risk Management June 17, 2007 Unit 12 –Serving Nutritious Meals & Snacks June 24, 2007 Level 1, Level 2 and, Level 3 of Family Child Care Online Training will be starting a new intake of interested students for Fall 2007. If you are interested in this FREE Online Training course please contact: Donna at 734-0761 or by email at: firstname.lastname@example.org CALLING ALL HOME CHILD CARE PROVIDERS SOCIAL/SHARING NIGHT Tuesday, May 1, 2006 7 pm- 9pm Ontario Early Years, Barrie Guest Speaker: Jennifer Hunt agent for State Farm Insurance will be discussing Business in the Home Program which will cover areas such as Property, Liability, Loss of Income, and records among others. Today, more and more people are conducting some type of business from their homes and may not realize that their Home- owner’s Insurance may not adequately cover them. State Farm’s Business in the Home Program is designed to provide a broad range of coverage’s, at a very affordable price, for individuals who run a business from their home. Bring a desert and Summer Theme activity idea to share. I will have access to copy your idea/s for the group. Coffee and tea will be provided. If you know of other Home Child Care Providers who would enjoy an evening of friendship and sharing please bring them along the more the merrier just be sure to register your guest. Pre-registration required: Contact Donna at 734-0761 Social from 7-8pm Guest Speaker/Question Period 8-9pm COME CELEBRATE WITH US! Friday, May 11, 2007 Is.... CHILD CARE PROVIDER APPRECIATION DAY Child Care Providers will be honored province wide by child care lead- ers, organizations, elected officials and, most importantly, parents on this special day. Locally, The Child Care Provider Connection will commemorate this event with a walk along the bay. Everyone is welcome to participate in the celebration. If you would like to join us in this event, please meet at the South Shore Community Centre for 9:30 a.m. on Friday May 11, 2007. From there, we will proceed with a walk along the bay that will conclude at the Centennial Beach Playground. Please note that no snacks are pro- vided and that no rain date is scheduled. Be sure to celebrate the childcare professional in your life by making this a memorable day. • Get together with other parents to create a surprise • Send flowers, cards or a handwritten note • Bring her a special remembrance from your child • Bake some muffins • Order lunch for your provider – and the children • Volunteer to help out • Whatever you feel is appropriate! Do not let this day go by without a special thank you to this person who is so important to your child and your family! The Child Care Provider Connection www.thechildcareproviderconnection.ca HOME DAYCARE FOCUS: SETTING UP YOUR DAY CARE HOME Laurie Miller Program Director Human Development Laboratory School, Toddler Center University of Massachusetts at Amherst Setting Up Your Home YOU WILL LEARN: • children learn from everything around them. • the way you set up your child care home can make children act in different ways. • a comfortable, pleasing, and safe space helps children play and learn better. • you can make your home meet your family's needs and the children's needs. The most important thing to remember is that your home should be safe and clean. Before any children come into your home, you must CHILD PROOF it. • Put covers on all electrical outlets. • Put poisons (such as bleach, ammonia, detergent, plant food, etc.) out of children's reach. • Put breakable objects, sharp things, and house plants out of reach. • Make sure the play area is clean. Vacuum rugs daily if you have infants and toddlers. Sweep often. (Infants and tod- dlers put everything in their mouths.) Set up activity areas in your home. Remember that it is still your home.Your family needs space for relaxing, studying, and entertaining friends. PLANNING ACTIVITY AREAS Activity areas for children should include: • a place for messy play, like art or water activities. • a place for loud, active play, like jumping, rolling, and dancing. • a space for working or playing quietly. • a place to pretend. • a place to relax or be alone. • a place to eat. a place to rest or sleep. A PLACE FOR MESSY PLAY You should have some of the following things: • dish pans or wash tubs, paint brushes, paints, shaving cream, food coloring, magic markers, paper, towels, and kitchen utensils like rolling pins, measuring cups and spoons, and egg beaters. • a sink nearby for washing up. • sponges and wash cloths so the children can help clean. • a low table with chairs or a regular table with cushions or children's seats on the chairs so children can use the table comfortably. • towels to mop up water on the floor. • old sheets or drop cloths (or newspapers) to put under messy activities and keep children from slipping. Children enjoy messy play more if they sit in chairs or on the floor. Messy play is safest and easiest to clean up in the kitchen, or it can be done outside in good weather. A PLACE FOR LOUD, ACTIVE PLAY You should have some of the following things: • mattress, pillows, or cushions for jumping. • blankets for hiding and rolling in. • scarves for running and dancing with. • ropes for jump rope. • boards for making balance beams and ramps. • refrigerator or other appliance cardboard box for crawling into. • a radio or stereo for music to dance to. • a big, open space to move in. Keep loud, active play away from your quiet area. Children need to move a lot. Change the way you set up your activity space a little every day to keep it interesting to the children. If you have enough room, a living room or den would be a good place for active play. It should be away from your quiet space but where you can watch and supervise the children. A PLACE FOR QUIET PLAY You should have some of the following things: • beads, buttons, spools, • puzzles, pegs, • blocks, stacking toys, etc. • a rug or table with chairs for sitting. The quiet work space can be a corner in the kitchen, so you can watch children while you make a snack. Put toys on a low shelf or in boxes on the floor, so children can find toys easily. Put toys in buckets, baskets, or boxes. If you put the toys in the same place each day, the children can remember where to find them. Put the same type of toy in the same box each day. For example, put all the beads in one box and all the blocks in another. Be sure to keep toys with small pieces away from infants and toddlers. Keep this area away from noisy play. A PLACE FOR PRETENDING You should have some of the following things: • large cardboard boxes for making pretend cars, stoves, desks, etc. • toy telephones. • baskets, dolls, hats, and old clothes for dress up. • old pots and pans. • a blanket to put over a table to make a house, cave, bus, tent, etc. This space should be away from noisy areas. It could be in a corner or behind a couch. A PLACE TO RELAX OR BE ALONE You should have some of the following things. • soft pillows or a mattress in a corner. • soft pillows in a big, cardboard appliance box. • a blanket or colorful sheet to put over a table to make a tent. Use this space as your book area. Keep your books on a shelf close to the floor or in a basket so children can see them. They should be in a place children can reach. If you have infants and toddlers, have lots of soft places for sitting, resting, looking at books, or cuddling. Use bright fab- rics. Have a rocking chair to rock young children to sleep. Let older children sit in it and read. A PLACE TO EAT You should have some of the following things: • child-size tables (or regular tables and chairs with boosters). • a drop cloth or plastic tablecloth under the table to keep the floor clean. • high chairs for infants and toddlers. a washcloth and toothbrush for each child, with his or her name on them. A PLACE TO SLEEP You should have a quiet place for each child to sleep. The child should sleep in the same place each day. Buy sleep mats or cots if you do not have enough beds. Play quiet music so children do not hear noise from outside. RESOURCES TO EXPLORE *Planning Environments for Young Children* by Sybil Kritchevsky and Elizabeth Prescott, available from the National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1834 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20009 (1-800-424- 2460). "When You Think About Spaces" and "Worlds for Infants and Toddlers," *Beginnings Magazine*, Summer, 1984. DOCUMENT USE/COPYRIGHT National Network for Child Care - NNCC. Part of CYFERNET, the National Extension Service Children Youth and Family Educational Research Network. Permission is granted to reproduce these materials in whole or in part for educational purposes only (not for profit beyond the cost of reproduction) provided that the author and Network receive acknowledg- ment and this notice is included: Reprinted with permission from the National Network for Child Care - NNCC. Miller, L. (1991). *Setting up your day care home*. (Family Day Care Facts series). Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts.