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on the Scantron provided
NO EXCUSES FOR LATENESS. Each Question is worth 1 points
Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question
1. The farmers’ protest movement lost momentum at the end of the 1890s for all of the following reasons
              a. The failure of the People’s party in the 1896 election
              b. Massive immigration into urban areas that led to higher prices for agricultural products
              c. Crop failures in Europe that led to an increase in United States grain exports
              d. The 1898 Yukon gold strike that increase the United States’ government supply of gold
                   and eased farmers’ access to credit
              e. The absorption of the populists by the AFL (American Federation of Labor)
2. Which of the following is true of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
              a. It had little immediate impact on the regulation of large corporation
              b. It quickly limited the number of mergers taking place
              c. It led to federal control of the railroads
              d. It forced businesses to adopt pooling agreements
              e. It ended effective cooperation between business and the federal government
3. Which of the following about American cities after 1890 is correct?
              a. Area of residence increasingly became an indicator of social class
              b. Poor people moved to the outskirts of cities
              c. Industries shifted from the cities to the suburbs
              d. Widespread racial integration of communities occurred
              e. Neighborhoods lost their ethnic identification
4. Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of ―bread and butter‖ unionism by
concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours and improved working conditions?
         a. The Knights of Labor
         b. The Molly Maguires
         c. The American Federation of Labor
         d. The Industrial Workers of the World
         e. The National Labor Union
5. The political activity of the late 1800s can best be described by the statement that
         a. politicians did not address the problems caused by the rapid social and economic changes of
the times
         b. party differences were so extreme that agreement and action were difficult
         c. public policy was dominated by the liberals in both the Republican and Democratic parties
         d. labor unions caused the government to pass significant reforms
         e. the growing strength of conflicting interest groups severely limited the changes for effective
6. Political loyalties of the late 1800s tended to remain stable because
         a. economic issues divided the electorate into well-organized opposing groups
         b. voting participation was low and political change slow
         c. only one political party garnered any substantial support
         d. voting patterns were determined by vague cultural inclinations
         e. few significant economic or social changes took place and thus few political issues developed
         e. S-CHIP programs that provided health care for children of poor families
8. During the late 1800s, the function of the president was to
         a. use his position as leader of both his party and the nation to control Congress
         b. spend much of his time making political appointments
         c. persuade Congress to agree on the subjects under debate and make the government’s position
         d. suggest legislation to Congress and mediate the conflicts between the two political parties
         e. create major economic and military policies
9. The purpose of the Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883) was to
         a. establish racial quotas for government jobs
         b. fill some government jobs on the basis of competitive examinations
         c. ensure that appoints to government jobs were approved by Congress
         d. declare illegal the system of political machines and boss rule
         e. create an arbitration board to mediate labor disputes
10. In the mid-1880s, public opinion turned to the need for federal antitrust regulation because
         a. big corporations were always able to lobby against and defeat state regulation
         b. the federal government prohibited state regulation of interstate corporations
         c. corporations could move to states that offered them special protections
         d. interstate corporations could afford to pay state fines and continue to operate as they wanted
         e. there was a general consensus for the redistribution of wealth

11. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890) declared illegal any contract, trust or restraint of trade in
         a. interstate commerce
         b. manufacturing
         c. intrastate commerce
         d. industry
         e. shipping
12. Because of the Republican passage of a high protective tariff in 1890, the next two national elections
resulted in
         a. overwhelming victories for the Republicans
         b. close Republican victories
         c. disputed outcomes
         d. close losses to the Democrats
         e. substantial victories by the Democrats
13. The Wilson-Gorman Tariff (1894) was significant because it contained
         a. a large increase in the general tariff
         b. a moderate increase in the general tariff
         c. virtually no change in the general tariff
         d. a substantial decrease in the general tariff
         e. major concessions to supporters of tariff reduction
14. The Supreme Court overturned the Granger Laws of the 1870s on the grounds that
         a. in the absence of federal regulation, the states had the right to regulated interstate commerce
         b. state regulation of freight rates was an unconstitutional attempt to control interstate commerce
         c. only Congress had the right to control commerce within a state
         d. a corporation was not a ―person‖ under the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment
         e. trusts and monopolies could not challenge federal authority
15. The Interstate Commerce Act (1887) was ineffective for its first 25 years because
         a. it did not permit the breaking up of the largest monopolies
         b. the members of the Interstate Commerce Commission were antibusiness
         c. it was haphazardly enforced and narrowly interpreted by the courts
         d. the Supreme Court rules that if a corporation were engaged in manufacturing then it was not
subject to law
         e. American voters rejected its basic philosophy
16. The Granger attempted to counteract economic hardships by its
         a. forming a third national political party
         b. holding square dances and potluck suppers
         c. establishing banks that would serve the needs of farmers
         d. persuading the federal government to lower the tariff on agricultural needs
         e. forming market cooperatives and attempting to curb the monopolistic practices of warehouses
17. One of the primary beliefs of the Farmers’ Alliances was that
         a. individual competition was the most efficient means of determining farm prices
         b. the ration of gold and silver should be 18 to 1
         c. the gold standard was essential to rural prosperity
         d. the railroads should be under state, not federal control
         e. too much power was in the hands of a few corporations
18. In general, the Populist movement found its greatest support among
         a. large-scale mechanized farmers
         b. small farmers
         c. the urban middle class
         d. big city political machines
         e. corporate farming interests
19. The Omaha Platform of the Populists included all of the following proposals EXCEPT
         a. federal support for national banks
         b. a subtreasury system of crop warehouses
         c. government ownerships of the railroad
         d. inflation of the currency
         e. the end of absentee land ownership
20. One of the major problems that caused the Panic of 1893 was that
         a. farm prices were rising rapidly
         b. the banking system was under federal control
         c. the different segments of the economy were too independent of each other
         d. the railroads had expanded too rapidly
         e. Grover Cleveland spent massively on social welfare programs

21. Jacob S.Coxey’s army of unemployed Americans marched to Washington to demand that the federal
         a. outlaw third political parties
         b. create jobs for the unemployed
         c. lower the salaries of government employees
         d. deflate the currency
         e. close down the national bank
22. The individual who seemed to exert the most control over the nation’s financial policies in the late
19th and early 20th centuries was
         a. Boss Tweed
         b. J.P. Morgan
         c. John D. Rockefeller
         d. Grover Cleveland
         e. Ben Bernanke
23. The coining of silver stopped in 1873 because
         a. the mining of silver became too expensive
         b. silver reserves had become depleted
         c. Congress wanted to inflate the currency
         d. owners of silver were not interested in selling to the government
         e. the price of silver had increased
24. In the late 1800s, the farmers wants FUCS—free unlimited coinage of silver—to
         a. reduce the value of their debts
         b. inflect the currency
         c. raise farm prices
         d. increase the amount of currency in circulation
         e. all of the above
25. Grover Cleveland obtained the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act because
         a. the Southern and Western wings of the Democratic party put pressure on him to repeal them
         b. he believe that the gold drain from the treasury threatened the nation’s financial stability
         c. most Americans saw ―free silver‖ as a cure-all for the nations financial stability
         d. it had result in $100 million in silver flowing into the treasury
         e. the Republican party had attempted to impeach him
26. The speech that won William Jennings Bryan the Democratic nomination for president in 1896
contained the phrase
         a. ―no man can earn one million dollars honestly
         b. ―we demand that big business give the people a square deal‖
         c. ―you shall not crucify mankind on a cross of gold‖
         d. ―I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a better deal for the American farmer‖
         e. ―we need to raise more hell and less corn‖
27. The first McKinley administration focused on an issue that most Republicans could agree on and Mrs.
Goodman finds the most boring in American history (although it is important)
         a. international treaties on bimetallism
         b. a reduction in the income tax
         c. a large increase in the minting of silver coins
         d. in increase in the level of tariffs
         e. a decline in exports
28. The cartoonist who brought down Boss Tweed and the Tweed Ring was
         a. Thomas Nast
         b. Walt Kelly
         c. Charles Schulz
         d. Lewis Hine
         e. Herblock
29. The children’s novel that is supposed to be an allegory for the Populist movement
         a. Gone with the Wind
         b. Harry Potter and the Mining of Gold
         c. Willie Wonka and the Chocolate Factory
         d. The Wizard of Oz
         e. An American Tragedy
30. Although historians’ interpretations of Populism disagree, the movement was significant because
         a. it led to successful radical movements in the early 1900s
         b. it was one of the few third-party movements to gain national influence
         c. it activists of the party were responsible for McKinley’s success as president
         d. it help to elect a president at the peak of its power
         e. it revealed the economic weakness of the Northeastern elites

31. President Theodore Roosevelt addressed all of the following issues during his presidency EXCEPT
         A. unsanitary conditions in the meat packing industry
         B. monopolization and consolidation in the railroad industry
         C. railroad freight rates
         D. insurance for medical care
         E. unsafe drug products
32. City bosses and urban political machines in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries did which
of the following?
         A. They enabled the urban middle class to participate more in politics
         B. They provided some welfare for poor immigrants in exchange for political support
         C. They encouraged racial integration of residential neighborhoods
         D. They discouraged railroad and highway construction to prevent people from moving out of
         suburban areas
         E. They promoted prohibition and the abolition of prostitution

First. – That the union of the labor forces of the United States this day consummated shall be permanent
and perpetual
   Second- Wealth belongs to him who creates it…The interest of rural and civil labor are the same; their
enemies are identical
         1. We demand free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold at the present legal ration of 16 to 1
         3. We demand a graduated income tax
RESOLVED: That we demand a free ballot and a fair count in all elections….through the adoption o f the
Australian or secret ballot system.

33. The excerpts above appeared in the platform of which of the following political parties?
         A. American Party
         B. Greenback Labor Party
         C. Populist Party
         D. Socialist Party
         E. Progressive Party
34. Which of the following was the biggest contributor to urban population growth in the late nineteenth
         A. African Americans moving from the South in search of factory jobs
         B. young women from rural areas seeking new economic and social opportunities
         C. new immigrants, especially from southern and eastern Europe
         D. high birth rates among urban families
         E. farmers moving in response to declining agricultural opportunities
35. All of the following are true of railroad expansion in the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that it
       A. opened new territories to commercial agriculture
       B. accelerated the growth of some older cites and created new ones
       C. was financed by private corporations without government assistance
       D. led to new managerial forms and techniques
       E. was often capitalized beyond what was needed
36. In the later nineteenth century, unions had difficulty prospering because
         A. workers saw no reason to organize because their wages were rising
         B. middle-class values heralded individualism and private property, and unions were seen as a
         threat to those
         C. immigrant laborers belonged to unions in their home countries and would not join American
         labor unions
         D. Union tactics and strikes were too radical for most workers
         E. the federal government established an eight-hour day for public projects and employees
37. Which of the following were the most persistent problem facing municipalities [cities] in the United
States throughout the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
         A. Decreasing municipal tax bases
         B. Inadequate water and sewer systems
         C. Deteriorating transportation systems
         D. A decline in the number of manufacturing jobs
         E. Gang violence among unemployed youths
38. In the 1896 case, Plessy vs Ferguson, the US Supreme Court allowed to stand the practice of
         A. separate but equal public facilities
         B. disenfranchisement on the basis of race
         C. permitting the descendants of people who voted in the past to vote in the future
         D. separation of powers in state governments
         E. securing places in public universities on the basis of ethnic demographics

39. Of the following, which was the most important cause of agrarian discontent in the United States in
the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
         A. The end of free homesteads
         B. The end of the Republican party’s efforts to woo the farm vote
         C. The exhaustion of the soil by poor farming methods
         D. The feeling that the railroads were exploiting the farmers
         E. The increase in the number of immigrants
40. The horizontal integration of American industry, i.e. one first acquiring control of other firms that
produce that same product that occurred at the end of the nineteenth century was primarily a response to
         A. economic competition
         B. high tariffs
         C. powerful labor unions
         D. federal monetary policy
         E. federal regulation of business
41. Which of the following statements in true about immigration to the United States during the last two
decades of the nineteenth century?
         A. United States immigration laws sharply reduced the number of eligible immigrants
         B. Irish immigrants came in larger numbers than earlier in the century
         C. Nativist agitation brought about a decline in immigration
         D. The United States government entered into a ―gentleman’s agreement‖ to ban immigrants
             from certain countries
         E. Southern and Eastern Europeans came in larger numbers than earlier in the century
42. All of the following were considered legitimate functions of the federal government in the late
nineteenth century EXCEPT
         A. promoting industrial growth by means of a protective tariff
         B. granting subsidies to encourage the construction of railroads
         C. regulating immigration
         D. assuring the welfare of the poor and unemployed
         E. regulating the nation’s currency

 ―From the beginning of the settlement of American, the frontier regions have exercised a steady
influence toward democracy….American democracy is fundamentally the outcome of the experience of
the American people in dealing with the West….‖
43. The above statements are part of a historical theory known as
         A. manifest destiny
         B. Jeffersonian democracy
         C. The Turner Thesis
         D. Jacksonian democracy
         E. Liberal Republicanism
44. In the late nineteenth century controversy over the social and religious implications of Darwinian
theory, all of the following popular beliefs were felt to be threatened by Darwin EXCEPT the
         A. theological doctrine of ―design‖
         B. accuracy of the Old Testament
         C. reality of change in the world
         D. uniqueness of man in nature
         E. concept of the deserving poor
45. The new method of management called ―Taylorism‖ led directly to all of the following techniques
         A. the assembly line
         B. vertical integration
         C. scientific management
         D. mass production
         E. subdivision of labor
46. The Pullman strike of 1894 broke new ground in labor management relations because
         A. workers used violence and destroyed company property
         B. armed Pinkerton detectives were used to keep strikers from entering the factory
         C. the Illinois governor authorized the use of National Guard troops to stop the strike
         D. the federal government became involved by sending troops, and issuing an injunction
         E. police were killed in a riot in Haymarket Square
47. The lesson from the novels of Horatio Alger is best summarized by the statement
         A. ―Little women are little no longer‖
         B. ―The wealthy are trustees for their poorer brethren‖
         C. ―The public be damned‖
         D. ―Woman was created to be man’s companion‖
         E. ―Rags to riches‖

48. Money is power, and you ought to be reasonably ambitious to have it. You ought because you can do
more good with it that you could without it. Money printed your Bible, money builds your
churches….The man who gets the largest salary can do the most good with the power that is furnished to
him. Of course, if he can if his spirit be right to use it for what is given to him. I say then, you ought to
have money.‖
The quotation above is an example of
         A. Transcendentalism
         B. Existentialism
         C. the Gospel of Wealth
         D. the Social Gospel
         E. Reform Darwinism
49. Jacobs Riis’ principal involvement in the reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth
centuries was his effort to
         A. bar obscene materials from the US mail system
         B. organize the transfer of urban orphans to homes in rural areas
         C. publicize poor housing and sanitation in urban tenements
         D. establish special homes for juvenile delinquents
         E. pass federal laws to end prostitution
50. A key goal of the Progressive movement was to
         A. replace capitalism with socialism
         B. transform the US into an agrarian republic
         C. use government power to regulate industrial production and labor conditions
         D. eliminate class differences in the United States
         E. bring about racial integration in public accommodations
51. All of the following characteristics are true of late nineteenth century political machines EXCEPT
         A. they often provided constituents with needed jobs and resources
         B. they were the targets of many middle-class reformers
         C. they gained widespread support from both immigrants and native-born American
         D. they often served as money-making vehicles for political bosses and their associates
         E. they helped modernized city infrastructures and increase the role of city government
Every contract, combination in form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or
commerce in any territory of the United States is hereby declared illegal…
52. The passage above was most effectively used for which purpose in the late nineteenth century?
         A. Supporting the goals of Social Darwinists
         B. Restricting the power of monopolies and trusts
         C. Limiting the power of labor unions
         D. Regulating railroads and grain storage facilities
         E. Upholding the power of the Interstate Commerce Act
53. Jane Addams and settlement house workers of the late nineteenth century would most likely have
engaged in all of the following EXCEPT
         A. establishing day nurseries for working mothers
         B. offering literacy and language classes for immigrants
         C. publishing reports on deplorable housing for immigrants
         D. teaching classes on cooking and dressmaking
         E. organizing women workers into labor unions
54. Which of the following was true of the Dawes Severalty Act of1887?
         A. It created American Indian reservations for the first time
         B. It was intended to recognize the contributions of American Indian peoples
         C. It eliminated most tribal land ownership in favor of ownership by individuals
         D. It led directly to the Battle of Wounded Knee
         E. It indicated that the federal government had abandoned the goal of ―Americanizing‖ the
         American Indian
55. Henry George believed that the great inequality between rich and poor during the industrial revolution
of the late nineteenth century was a result of
         A. the survival of the fittest, which gave wealth to those who deserved it
         B. the ―Gospel of Wealth‖ where God determined who was rich and poor
         C. the idea of the self made man who had the opportunity to get ahead and become wealthy
         D. rising land values that made owners wealthy at the expense of society
         E. man’s own plan for how society should be shaped
56. Throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s, most Americans blamed monopolies for all of the
following problems EXCEPT
         A. the rapid decline in the standard of living
         B. the artificially high prices
         C. the highly unstable economy
         D. the wasteful practices of the wealthy
         E. the creation of an imbalance of wealth

57. The Knights of Labor was
        A. a fraternal organization that sought short-term benefits for labor, such as shorter working hours
        and pay increases
        B. highly secretive in its membership and refused admission to women and blacks
        C. by definition, open to anyone who toiled
        D. an extremely powerful labor union whose membership reached over 1 million by 1920
        E .a union that emphasized traditional values and collective bargaining
58. Which of the following best characterizes American literature in the late nineteenth century and early
twentieth centuries?
        A. Most American writers sought to avoid controversial themes
        B. Most American writers wrote about like abroad
        C. The effort to capture social realities played a prominent role in many works
        D. Literature played little role in American life during this period
        E. Many works of fiction, and even film, glorified and celebrated industrialization and
59. Montgomery Ward and Sears Roebuck were the first to
        A. offer sub-prime mortgages
        B. allow immigrants to be customers
        C. provide mail-order catalogues
        D. provide credit for customers
        E. accept credit cards and travelers’ checks
60. The new industrial and consumer economy of the city produced a number of changes in the lives of
women, such as
        A. the creation of new jobs for women in retail stores
        B. the appearance of chic women’s fashions that could be afforded by middle class women
        C. the alteration of the ways for buying and preparing food
        D. the tendency of women’s fashion to change quickly
        E. all of the above
61. The 1860s and 1870s the Grangers worked to
        A. provide mail order brides to Eastern European male immigrants
        B. circumvent the middlemen in crop marketing
        C. make Friday night football a high school sport
        D. force farmers to adopt the latest machinery
        E. allow individual farmers to negotiate special rates with the railroads
62. The state that became central to American politics, culture and industry in the late nineteenth century
        A. Ohio
        B. New Jersey
        C. California
        D. Pennsylvania
        E. Montana
63. During the last half of the 1800s, the dramatic industrial growth of the US was caused by all of the
following EXCEPT
        A. an abundance of raw materials
        B. new steel production techniques
        C. low tariffs on imports
        D. a large labor force
        E. an expanding domestic market
64. The concept of ―limited liability‖ contributed to the development of corporations and was appealing to
many Americans because
        A. they risked only their own investment and were not responsible for the debts of the corporation
        B. they did not have to be personally involved in the corporation to purchase stock init
        C. entrepreneurs could not amass great sums of money for investment purposes
        D. It promoted the growth of industry and the middle class
        E. All of the above
65. Which of the following best accounts for Andrew Carnegie’s ability to acquire his vast wealth?
        A. concentrating on only one aspect of his industry
        B. diversifying his investments among many industries
        C. cuttings costs and prices for his products
        D. using political pull to get government subsidies
        E. using his mother as his chief account
66. Which of the following best characterizes late-nineteenth century antipoverty efforts?
        A. an effort by reformers to address the role of one’s environment in determining poverty levels
        B. a tendency to avoid making more judgment in seeking to help those in need
        C. an effort to involve the federal government in eradicating poverty
        D. a tendency to differentiate between the deserving and undeserving poor as demonstrated by the
        Salvation Army

        E. a willingness to provide direct financial aid to the poor
67. During the late 1800s, the great corporations introduced a new form of corporate management based
on the
                 A. division of responsibilities
                 B. creation of a group of middle managers
                 C. development of cost accounting procedures
                 D. carefully designed management structure
                 E. all of the above
68. A holding company is a form of consolidation in which a
        A. small group of trustees control the stock of a number of corporations
        B. central corporate body formally purchases the stocks of various corporations
        C. number of companies share markets through informal arrangements
        D. large company is formed by the merger of corporations in unrelated industries
        E. governmental agency regulates large corporations
69. By the late 19th century, the use of pools, trusts and holding companies by big business resulted in
        A. concentration of economic power in the hands of a few
        B. a slowing in the growth rate of the economy
        C. a more even distribution of growth
        D. an increase in the costs of production
        E. a safer work environment
70. The philosophy of Social Darwinism developed by Spencer and Sumner promoted the idea that
        A. left to its own devices society would decay
        B. only the fittest individuals survived in the marketplace
        C. the natural course of social evolution dictated the need for government intervention
        D. wealthy industrialists should also be philanthropists
        E. certain racial and religious groups were best suited to corporate leadership
71. Russell H. Conwell’s lecture ―Acres of Diamonds‖ and Horatio Alger’s book, Sink or Swim, advanced
the idea that
        A. millionaire had a social responsibility to share their wealth
        B. great wealth could be accrued by any industrious worker
        C. most wealthy men inherited their money
        D. Darwin’s theory of natural selection of invalid
        E. Christianity demanded compassion for the poor
72. In Edward Bellamy’s novel, Looking Backward, ―nationalism‖ is defined as
        A. devotion to one’s country
        B. excessive narrow, and militant patriotism
        C. government control and distribution of economic resources
        D. a rigid one-party control system
        E. military control of foreign lands
74. The traditional ―melting pot‖ settlement pattern of immigrants dwindled the in the 1800s because
        A. the new immigrants tended to cluster into ethnic groups
        B. immigration laws prevented the entrance of skilled laborers into the United States
        C. the immigrants had sufficient skills to afford good homes and communities became mixed
        D. European countries prevented the immigration of members of their middle class
        E. Immigration decreased dramatically at this time
76. Which of the following was most directly a response to the Panic of 1893?
        A. the Grange
        B. the Omaha Platform
        C. Coxey’s Army
        D. the ―Cross of Gold‖ speech
        E. the Farmers’ Alliance
77. All of the following account for nativist sentiment against the ―new immigrants‖ of the nineteenth
century EXCEPT that the immigrants
        A. practiced different religions that were not Protestant
        B. had languages and cultures that seemed at odds with the Anglo-American one
        C. were willing to work for lower wages than were native born workers
        D. were not familiar with the US political system
        E. dominated the professions of law, medicine and engineering
78. The Homestead strike of 1892 was significant to the future of American labor because it
        A. was a successful strike by the Amalgamated Steel Workers and caused a vast increase in
        B. influenced Congress to pass a bill guaranteeing labor’s right to bargain collectively
        C. crippled the power of the steel workers to organize for another 45 years
        D. was the last successful case of management’s use o violence to break a strike
        E. showed that a cooperative strike could succeed

80. Which of the following best characterizes the NAACP’s strategy for combating racial oppression in
the first two decades of its existence?
          A. Working patiently to achieve economic gains and prove their indispensability to the white
population before seeking social equality
          B. Fighting for exceptional blacks to achieve a position of full equality in order to allow them to
elevate the rest of their race
          C. Violently challenging the existing social and political order in order to achieve their goals
          D. Advocating black separatism and evening leaving the United States as a means to achieve
equality with whites
          E. Using non-violent resistance to create public awareness of inequality and discrimination
81 Most progressives were united under which of the following sets of beliefs?
          A. That while human progress was possible, the growth of the power of government threatened
          human liberty and freedom
          B. That human progress was possible, and that purposeful human intervention in the life of
          society was necessary
          C. That human progress was possible, but that social change and reform could not occur under
          D. That human progress could best be achieved through changing individuals, rather than
          reforming institutions
          E. That human characteristics were fixed, and that only a select few individuals were capable of
82. Progressive reform efforts on the state and local level consistently focused on
          A. strengthening the role of established parties to increase public participation in politics
          B. giving groups such as immigrants and the poor a direct voice in determining the policies that
would best benefit them
          C. replacing the existing party system with nonpartisan experts who could promote effective,
efficient government
          D. using the federal government to intervene directly to help promote municipal change
          E. lessening the power of mayors and governors in order to disperse power to bodies such a city
councils and state legislatures
83. In the late 1900s, the most popular new spectator sport was
          A. basketball
          B. figure skating
          C. boxing
          D. baseball
          E. karate
84. The first universal mass-entertainment medium, which could reach all areas of the country and all
levels of the population at the same time, was the
          A. radio
          B. internet
          C. paperback ―dime‖ novel
          D. motion picture
          E. television
85. The realistic novels of the early 20 th century like Sister Carrie (well worth your reading today)
          A. the mistreatment of the poor, especially women, in the urban industrial society
          B. the impact of European socialist thought on Americans
          C. the inhumanity of war
          D. the adventure of the American West
          E. the rewarding lifestyle of the Plains farmer
86. John Dewey’s educational theories emphasized that schools should
          A. stress the basics: reading, writing, arithmetic
          B. depend on rote learning and memorization (perish the thought today) so that students would
          have a basis for knowledge and (perish the thought) thinking
          C. use a flexible, democratic approach that allows students to deals with societal realities
          D. work toward universal education and compulsory attendance
          E. the creation of universities in the western states
87. As industrial society became increasingly dependent on specialized skills and scientific knowledge,
changes in education included
          A. the opening of more educational opportunities for women
          B. the drop in the number of free primary and secondary schools
          C. a decrease in the number of colleges and universities
          D. the absence of compulsory education for blacks and ―new‖ immigrants
          E. modeling of public schools on the factory system

88. Advocates of women’s suffrage used all of the following arguments to support their cause in the late
nineteenth and early twentieth centuries EXCEPT
        A. women’s maternal influence could be used to curb men’s belligerence and thus make war
        B. women’s natural rights made them more deserving of equal treatment with men
        C. women would be more sensitive than men to the need for equal treatment of immigrants and
        other minorities
        D. women’s more sensibilities would help them to support legislation against alcohol and
        E. that giving women the right to vote would not challenge women’s traditional roles in society
89. During the 1880s, when Southern blacks immigrated to the cities,
        A. most of them found work in sweat shops
        B. black men found employment in heavy industry
        C. many entered professional schools and later occupations such as law and medicine
        D. they generally moved into the middle class
        E. black women found work more often than men
90. Progressives introduced reforms that attempted to make government more responsive to the people.
These reforms included:
        A. Universal health and day care
        B. Promotion of a multi-party political system based on the French and German models
        C. Direct primaries and ballot initiatives
        D. Direct election of the president
        E. Voting rights for blacks
91. The goal of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was to
        A. establish a system of worker-owned cooperatives and abolish the wage labor system
        B. organize unskilled workers particularly in the West
        C. achieve ―bread and butter‖ gains such as better hours and working conditions
        D. restrict its organizing efforts to skilled workers
        E. work through major parties for labor legislation
92. The biggest legacy of Roosevelt’s environmental policies was
        A. a commitment to preserving the natural beauty of the land
        B. a consistent opposition to governmental conservation policies
        C. his efforts to improve life for farmers on the Great Plains
        D. his establishing the federal government’s role in overseeing rational development of national
        E. his commitment to preserving natural for ecological and environmental reasons
93. As president, William Howard Taft
        A. alienated conservatives by supporting reform measures
        B. sought to use the federal government to promote social reforms
        C. alienated progressives through his conservative positions
        D. showed little interest in pursuing anti-trust measures
        E. sided with conservationists over business interests
94. Within two years of taking office, Woodrow Wilson convinced Congress to pass legislation dealing
with which of the following issues?
        A. child labor, workmen’s compensation and farm loans
        B. tariff reduction, banking regulation and antitrust measures
        C. prohibition, women’s suffrage and a national primary system
        D. government control of railroad, banking and energy sectors
        E. women’s suffrage, a flat income tax and civil rights for African Americans

95. The painting above is typical of
        A. French Impressionism
        B. Cubism
        C. The Ashcan School of Art
        D. The Vaudeville School of Art
        E. The Suburban School of Art


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