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Seizure_Disorder_Epilepsy

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					Seizure Disorder Epilepsy

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316

Summary:
A chronic neurological condition, Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent
and unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy is most commonly controlled through the
use of various medications, but can sometimes patients will even undergo
surgical procedures to try and further control the condition.


Keywords:
epilepsy, epilepsy foundation, epilepsy symptom, epilepsy treatment,
canine epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy, cause of epilepsy, epilepsy
medication, epilepsy in dog, dog epilepsy


Article Body:
A chronic neurological condition, Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent
and unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy is most commonly controlled through the
use of various medications, but can sometimes patients will even undergo
surgical procedures to try and further control the condition.

As mentioned above the main characteristic of epilepsy is the presence of
recurrent and unprovoked seizures, this is the main diagnosis
requirement. A seizure is a temporary alteration in brain functions that
expresses itself into a changed mental state, tonic or clonic movement
among other symptoms. Seizures are due to temporary abnormal electrical
activity of a group of brain cells.

Typically tests such as: EEG, brain MRI, SPECT, PET, and
magnetoencephalography to help constrict the affect area of the brain as
well as classify the epileptic syndrome. All of these different tests
however, are not actually usefull in the orginal diagnosis. The
'Platinum' standard for diagnosis is through the long-term video-EEG
monitoring for epilepsy. High costs and inconvenience however make this
method not as wide spread as one might think.

Although all of the symptoms of epilepsy are not known, many predisposing
factors have been identified. These factors include brain damage that
result from malformations during:
 - brain development
 - brain tumor
 - high fever
 - head trauma
 - penetrating wounds of the brain
 - intoxication
 - acute or inborn disturbances of metabolism
 - neurosurgical operations
 - bacterial or viral encephalitis
 - stroke
It is also known that hereditary or genetic factors also play a large
role in the prevalence of seizures. Typically, Epilepsy is treated with
medication that is prescribed by a physician. Generally primary
caregivers, neurologists, and neurosurgeons care for people with
epilepsy. In many cases a special diet or the implantation of a
stimulator of the vagus nerve can help to reduce the likelyhood of
concurrent seizures. Good emergency response is extremely important to
help the individual from self-injuring him/herself; injuries such as
falling off edges, or injury from sharp objects are common.

				
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