Docstoc

Crohns_Disease

Document Sample
Crohns_Disease Powered By Docstoc
					Crohns Disease

Word Count:
338

Summary:
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are those that cause inflammation in
the intestines. One of these is Crohn's disease, which usually affects
the lower part of the small intestine, called the ileum. While Crohn's
disease is characterized by ulcerations of the intestines, it can affect
any other part of the digestive system as well.


Keywords:
Crohns Disease, Crohns Disease Symptoms, Crohns Disease Diet, Crohns
Disease Treatment


Article Body:
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are those that cause inflammation in
the intestines. One of these is Crohn's disease, which usually affects
the lower part of the small intestine, called the ileum. While Crohn's
disease is characterized by ulcerations of the intestines, it can affect
any other part of the digestive system as well.

Also known by various other names such as granulomatous enteritis or
colitis, Crohn's disease is not easily diagnosed since its symptoms
resemble those of other IBD. The inflammation causes abdominal pain and
often results in diarrhea. Other symptoms include persistent rectal
bleeding, weight loss and fever.

Crohn's disease causes the intestinal wall to swell, resulting in
blockage of the intestine. It causes ulcers that can tunnel into and
affect surrounding tissues such as the bladder, vagina, or even the skin.
These tunnels, or fistulas, can become infected and may require surgery.
Crohn's disease also results in nutritional deficiencies resulting from a
poor diet or intestinal loss of protein. Patients suffering from Crohn's
disease may also develop complications such as arthritis, skin problems,
kidney stones, and inflammation in the eyes or mouth.

There are various theories about what causes Crohn's disease. The common
opinion is that the inflammation in the intestine is caused by the
reaction of the body's immune system to a virus. The disease is believed
to run in families and affects both men and women.

As of now there is no cure for Crohn's disease. Treatment includes
measures to reduce inflammation, rectify nutritional deficiencies, and
relieve other symptoms. Crohn's disease is chronic and patients may
require medical care over a long period, though some may experience
periods of remission. Some patients need surgery to deal with blockages
or abscesses in the intestine. Patients with Crohn's disease in the large
intestine might require surgery to remove their entire colon, while
others only need to have the diseased part removed.
Crohn's disease may not reoccur in some patients for long periods of time
and they can continue to function normally at work and at home.

				
DOCUMENT INFO