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					  Fundamentals
        of
Data Center Design




 Avo Amirian –RCDD
       CEO




technology at new heights
      September 27, 2005
Avo Amirian’s Biography

   BSEE- University of Illinois
   One of the founders of LANET 17 years ago
   Registered Communication Distribution Designer
    (RCDD)/LAN Over 20 years experience in IT and telecomm
    infrastructure design, planning and implementation
   One of the architects and implementers of Motorola’s
    International Wide Area Communication System and the
    Wide Area Network of the cellular communication
    systems of many carriers in the United States
   Has spoken in a number of technology conferences
    across US and Canada
   CEO of Pinnacle Communication Services
   Serves on the Board of Directors of Junior Achievement
    and Alliance for Community Outreach.



                    technology at new heights
                          September 27, 2005
Objective
To present various topics
and issues impacting the
design of a data center and
items to consider when
designing a data center




          technology at new heights
                September 27, 2005
Agenda
Introduction
Codes vs. Standards
Reliability
Data Center Classifications
Business needs
Design Considerations
Cost Factors
Other Considerations
Questions to Ask
Q&A




               technology at new heights
                     September 27, 2005
          provides comprehensive
information technology, connectivity
and voice/data communication
services including consulting, design,
implementation and support services




              technology at new heights
                    September 27, 2005
Our Services
Information Technology and telecommunication infrastructure consulting, design,
planning, installation/support
Telephony Services
Cabling Design/Build Services
Data Center Design/Build Services
Structured Cabling Services
Technology Relocation Planning/Project Management
Equipment disconnect/reconnect services




                        technology at new heights
                                 September 27, 2005
Certifications and Partnerships




                   technology at new heights
                         September 27, 2005
  Partial List of Our Clients
•Amgen                            •Cal. State University Northridge    •Herbalife
•AT&T Wireless Services           (CSUN)                               •Japanese National Museum
•Earthlink                        •L. Beach Unified School District    •New Century Title Companies
•GTE California                   •Mount St. Mary’s College            •Pillsbury Winthrop LLP
•Lucent Technologies              •Ontario-Montclair School District   •Haight Brown & Bonesteel
•MCI - System house               •Pasadena Unified School District    •American Film Institute
•Pacific Bell Video Services      •Pepperdine University               •DIC Entertainment
•Western Digital                  •University of Southern California   •Entertainment Partners
•Xerox                            •Western University                  •Sony
•Blue Shield of California        •ARCS Commercial Mortgage            •Technicolor
•BriteSmile                       •Aames Financial Corporation         •The Game Show Network
•CIGNA                            •Bank of America                     •Ticket Master
•Cleveland Chiropractic College   •California National Bank            •Universal Studios
•Clinicas Del Camino Real         •Citicorp                            •Univision
•Hot Topic                        •First American Title Corporation    •Walt Disney Studios
•Smart & Final                    •KPMG                                •Walt Disney Motion Picture and
•Connecticut General Life         •Lockheed Federal Credit Union       Television
Insurance                         •Los Angeles Teachers Credit         •Seabury & Smith
•Great West Life                  Union                                •Harman Kardon
•Liberty Mutual Insurance         •Residential Funding                 •JBL Professional
•Marsh Risk Insurance Services    •Rockwell Federal Credit Union       •Neutrogena
•National Automobile & Casualty   •SunAmerica, Inc.                    •Red Bull North America
Insurance                         •United Savings Bank                 •Teradyne
                                  •Western Financial Bank

                                   technology at new heights
                                            September 27, 2005
IP and impact of IP on cabling infrastructure




   Voice
   Data               Office Automation Systems
                                                       Structured
   Video                                              Connectivity
   Fire                                                 Solution
   Life                                                 And An
                      Fire/Life/Safety Systems
   Safety                                             Experienced
   Access                                                 Team
   Surveillance       Security Systems
   Detection
   Heating                                               One
   Ventilation        HVAC Systems                Communication &
   Air Conditioning
   Power
                                                        Control
   Lighting                                       Infrastructure for
                      Energy Management Systems
   Elevators          technology at new heights    All Systems and
                             September 27, 2005
                                                       Services
   SCS Subsystems

   Riser Backbone                   Common Horizontal Pathway
   Horizontal
   Work Area
   Equipment
   Administration
   Campus Backbone                                             TC

TO = Telecommunications Outlet
TC = Telecommunications Closet             MC
IC = Intermediate Cross-Connect            ER
MC = Main Cross-Connect
ER = Equipment Room
EF = Entrance Facility


                                                        FIRE
                                                                    TO

                                     EF
                             technology at new heights TC
                        IC         September 27, 2005
technology at new heights
      September 27, 2005
UTP/Copper Cable Categories
    Cable          Speed                 Cost/ft
    CAT3           10MB                 $.08
    CAT5           100MB                N/A
    CAT5E          1GB                  $0.13
    Enhanced CAT5E 1GB                  $0.21
    CAT6           1BG +                $0.30
    CAT6E          1GB+                 $0.38




             technology at new heights
                   September 27, 2005
Cost Comparisons
100,000 sq-ft basic cabling for standard tenant improvement


Cable              Dual CAT6           Dual CAT5E             Dual CAT6        Dual CAT5E
Manufacturer       Single CAT3         Single CAT3            Single CAT3      Single CAT3
                   Plenum              Plenum                 Non-plenum       Non-plenum
Systimax           $4.25/sqft          $3.60/sqft             $3.10/sqft       $2.90/sqft
Solutions



  Note: Cost of cabinets and intra data center cabling is not included as this is typically
  treated as part of an IT budget.

  The typical construction cost of a data center ranges between $300-$500 per
  square feet




                                technology at new heights
                                         September 27, 2005
Codes Vs Standards
 Codes are laws set up by public agencies
 for protection and safety of the public
 Standards are recommended minimum
 requirements developed and maintained
 by organizations like ISO, IEEE, EIA/TIA
 and others mainly to ensure
 interoperability.



            technology at new heights
                  September 27, 2005
BICSI
 Building Industry Consulting Services
 International (BICSI)
 BICSI's mission is to enhance the
 telecommunications industry by providing
 excellent education, promoting skill sharing,
 and assessing knowledge with professional
 registration programs such as RCDD.




              technology at new heights
                    September 27, 2005
Reliability
  Reliability is in the eye of the beholder
  What is acceptable to one person or company
  may not be acceptable to the next
  Five 9’s (99.999%)
  Often human errors and operational
  procedures are the cause of poor reliability
  Reliability vs availability
  Need to define what the expected reliability is,
  but you need to be realistic




                   technology at new heights
                         September 27, 2005
Data Center Classifications
Data Center Tier Classification is used in the industry for building data
centers
A site that can sustain at least one “unplanned” worst-cast site
infrastructure failure with no critical load impact is considered fault
tolerant.
A site that is able to perform planned site infrastructure failure activity
without shutting down critical load is concurrently maintainable.
A typical data center is composed of at least 20 mechanical, electrical,
security and other systems; all of these need to be concurrently
maintainable and/or fault tolerant in order for the entire site to be
considered concurrently maintainable or fault tolerant.
These classifications apply to the data center itself and do not apply to
the connectivity components, routers, switches, servers, etc.




                     technology at new heights
                            September 27, 2005
Data Center Classifications                                (continued)



    Tier I
    Single path for power and cooling distribution, no redundant components, 99.671%
    availability. (Estimated Cost per $350/sqft and up)

    Tier II
    Single path for power and cooling distribution, redundant components, 99.741%
    availability. (Estimated Cost per $400/sqft and up)

    Tier III
    Multiple power and cooling distribution paths, but only one path active, redundant
    components, concurrently maintainable, 99.982% availability) (Estimated Cost per
    $450/sqft and up)

    Tier IV
    Multiple active power and cooling distribution paths, redundant components, fault tolerant
    (99.995% availability. (Estimated Cost per $500/sqft and up)


                             technology at new heights
                                      September 27, 2005
General Data Design Considerations

 Adherence and compliance to UBC
 Location, location, location in the building or on the
 campus
 Square footage and Dimensions of the Data Center
 Adequate Space and Space Planning




              technology at new heights
                    September 27, 2005
Sample floor plan/space analysis
                                     270'




                       135'
                                              13




295’
is the magic
number for                                  240'-0"


horizontal
cabling
          22nd floor




          21st floor




          20th floor




                              technology at new heights
                                    September 27, 2005
Sample floor plan/space analysis

                                                                                                         4 ft.   3 ft.
                     21 ft.                                                                     21 ft.

                                                                                  2 ft. 6 in.
                                           5 ft.
   3 ft. 6 in.    2 ft. 6 in.

                                           3 ft.
        156 in.                                                          13 ft.

                                           5 ft.
                                                                                                                         3 ft.

                    273 sqft                                                               273 sqft

                                                              21 ft.


                                             45 in.        2 ft. 6 in.             3 ft.

                                                                                   3 ft.

                                  16 ft.                                           4 ft.

                                                                                   3 ft.

                                                                                   3 ft.

                                                          336 sqft




                                technology at new heights
                                                   September 27, 2005
Data Center Design Considerations
Access and Pathways
      Pathways to the data center for cabling
      Physical Access and security
      Life, Safety
      Lighting
      24/7 requirements
      Storage for spare parts and patch cords
      Workstations in the data center
      Safe, reliable, user friendly
      Americans with disability act (ADA), RAMP




                technology at new heights
                      September 27, 2005
Racks, Cabinets, Ladder Racking

  Clearances, specially from PDU’s, electrical
  panels and A/C units, minimum 3ft clearnace.
  Racks, cabinets for placing equipment
  Impact of 1U servers
  Impact of Deeper cabinets
  Cabling, connectivity and interconnectivity
      Fiber MM, SM
      10BG Copper

  Ladder Racking, Cable Tray




                      technology at new heights
                            September 27, 2005
Inter-cabinet/inter-rack cabling-Linkers
       Rack1       Rack2                                                                                                                                            Rack3          Rack4                       Rack5                                                                                                                            Rack6
                                                                                                                                                               SD                                                                                                                                                                          SD



                                                                                                                                                 11 00 CA T5                                                                                                                                                                 11 00 CA T5
               Luc ent                                                                                                                           MOD UL AR                                 Luc ent                                                                                                                           MOD UL AR
                                                                                                                                                 JAC K                                                                                                                                                                       JAC K
                                                                                                                                                 PAN EL                                                                                                                                                                      PAN EL
                         1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24                                                       1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24




                         25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48                                                       25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48




                                                                                                                        technology at new heights
                                                                                                                                                                     September 27, 2005
Data Center Design Considerations
Structural/Electrical/Mechanical
  Fire Suppression (FM200 or dry pipe)
  Uninterruptible Power System (UPS)- Load Calculation
  Backup Generator
  Emergency Power Off Switch at each exit
  Electrical distribution in the data center
  Grounding and Bonding
  Floor Loading
  Antistatic Flooring
  Cooling/Air Conditioning (A/C) , Heat load calculations
  Raised Floor (plenum patch cords under raised floors)
  Environmental Monitoring and Notification



                  technology at new heights
                        September 27, 2005
General Data Center Maintenance
 Data Center Handbook
 Operational Procedures and maintenance
 Change Control
 Access Control
 Capacity planning
 Compliance Audit
 A/C, UPS test/maintenance




             technology at new heights
                   September 27, 2005
Electrical Load Calculations
Nameplate Rating
VA rating (KVA)
Actual Load
UPS sizing
UPS runtime
UPS heat generation
EPO switch
Smart power distribution
Environmental Monitoring



              technology at new heights
                    September 27, 2005
A/C Load Calculation


 AC (tons) = (VA*VA by 3.4)/12000
 Heat Distribution
 Air Circulation




              technology at new heights
                    September 27, 2005
Value engineering
without sacrificing quality

The goal is the minimize the total number of telecommunication closets

(TCs) unless there are other business/logistical reasons.
By reducing the number of the TC’s, the cost of construction (i.e. HVAC,
electrical, doors, lighting, security), Electronic/Switches, backbone
cabling and other costs including ongoing maintenance and utility costs
can be reduced dramatically



Three main factors to consider

 1.   Size and dimensions of computer room and telecommunication closets
      (TC)
 2.   Size and dimensions of of each floor
 3.   Number of floors




                            technology at new heights
                                   September 27, 2005
Word Of Wisdom
 Always have your local Mechanical, Electrical,
 structural and other registered professional
 engineers as deemed necessary to approve your
 design to make sure your design is in
 compliance with all required building codes.




              technology at new heights
                    September 27, 2005
Useful Reference Material
  BICSI – TDM Manual
  813-979-1991or 800-242-7405-BICSI.ORG
  National Electric Code (NEC)
  Local and all applicable Codes
  AFCOM -AFCOM Headquarters
  P:714-997-7966
  F:714-997-9743
  afcom.com

             technology at new heights
                   September 27, 2005
Use our resources to help you address any questions you may
                            have
Let us help you by providing information that you can use to
           better design the space for your clients

                  technology at new heights
                        September 27, 2005
          Pinnacle Communication Services
                    (818) 246-2000
    Arica Simpson –Project Administration - ext: 246
            Arica.simpson@pinnacleinc.com
Avo Amirian – CEO- New Business Development - ext: 216
                  cell (818) 612-5410
                 avo@pinnacleinc.com




                technology at new heights
                      September 27, 2005
   Q&A



technology at new heights
      September 27, 2005

				
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