Nova Scotia A Presentation About Cape Breton Note: All Pictures, Facts and Figures Are Not Mine and Are Found on the Internet. Please Do Not Use the Information As Your Own, Whether Is Text or Picture. With This Said, Enjoy the Presentation. Cape Breton • Cape Breton is an island connected to the mainland of Nova Scotia by the Canso Causeway. The island is located to the northeast of the rest of the province. The Canso Causeway • Before 1955, Cape Breton and the mainland of Nova Scotia weren’t linked to each other. Cape Breton’s shipping and communication was dependant on a system of railway and highway ferries. As soon as the Canso Causeway was built, the communication and shipping problems were solved, though the straight region suffered a heavy economic impact. The Canso Causeway is also known to be the deepest man made causeway. It stretches for 1 mile and is 80 feet wide. Population Counts for Cape Breton • In the year 2001, the population of Cape Breton was 109 330. The population is however declining as in 1996 the population was 117 849, this inculdes native reservers. The population has been declining since 1961 when the population was at its highest of 131,507. Origins of Cape Breton • Many of the inhabitants of Cape Breton came from parts of Scotland. They joined Acadian Settlers and Miqmac inhabitants. • Being isolated from the rest of the world, Scottish dance music was preserved. Gaelic, the language of the Scottish is also spoken in some parts of the province. People and Cape Breton • The First Wireless Radio Message from Cape Breton was sent across the Atlantic Ocean by Guglielmo Marconi at Table Head, Cape Breton in 1902. It was sent by a translantic wireless Station to England. • It could be the first Wireless Radio Message but that might have been sent from Signal Hill, Newfoundland. That was also sent by Marconi. Cape Breton’s Cabot Trail • The Cabot Trail is 298 km road that runs through many communities. One half of the Cabot Trail is located within the Cape Breton Highlands National Park. It can be noted for its scenery and charming communities. Cape Breton Highlands National Park • The Cape Breton Highlands are 951 sq km in the northern section of the island. It is the highest point in Nova Scotia. The Park is a haven to hikers, kayakers, and bikers. It is one of Nova Scotia’s most beautiful places and is open all year round. Alexander Graham Bell • A man who lived sometime in Baddeck, located in Cape Breton. He is noted for his invention, the telephone. He stayed in Cape Breton because of how it reminded him of Scotland. Now he is remembered by the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site of Canada. In it is a museum of his many works and inventions. You can access the museum off the Cabot Trail. Louisbourg • The Fortress was founded in 1713. It was ideally located to guard Frances Territories in the America’s. Besides Acting as a sentinel Guard for the rest of Frances Territories, it became the third busiest seaport after Boston and Philadelphia through. The Fishery generated more wealth then the fur trade. It was destroyed in 1760 but the Canadian Government rebuilt it and it now stands as the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site. Sydney • Sydney is the third largest city in Nova Scotia and biggest in Cape Breton. It is located less then 1 hour away from all of Cape Breton’s major attractions. It was established in 1785 by British loyalists of New York. Scottish settlers arrived and settled there about 20 years later. The Cape Breton Post • The Cape Breton Post is a newspaper covering the events in Cape Breton. It was a combination of two newspapers, the Record and the post. The two were combined because of expenses of printing two newspapers. The new paper was called the Post-Record in 1933. Eventually it was renamed the Cape Breton Post in 1956. The Cape Breton Tartan • To the left is the Cape Breton Tartan, a symbol of Cape Breton. • BLACK for the wealth of our coal mines GREY for our Cape Breton steel GREEN for our lofty mountains, our valleys and our fields GOLD for the golden sunsets. • www.Cape BretonMuseums.org Steel and Coal in Cape Breton • The earliest coal mining began when the French mined coal and transported it to Louisbourg. It stopped when the fortress fell to the British until the 1850’s. Coal has been one of the driving forces of the Cape Breton economy. Since Cape Breton was ideally suited for making steel, iron was shipped to the island where it was combined with coal to make steel. A lot of the steel was used in the making of the Canadian railway. The Coal in Steel industries died out in the 1990’s and all that is left is the mess from the production of Steel and Coal. This mess has yet to be cleaned up End of Presentation • This concludes the presentation. I hope it gave a nice overview of people and places in Cape Breton.