Chapter 4 US History
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
____ 1. New England farms were larger than those in the Middle Colonies.
____ 2. New York and Pennsylvania farmers grew cash crops.
____ 3. Most of the German immigrants who came to America during the colonial period settled in what is now New
____ 4. South Carolina and Georgia had the fastest growing economies in the colonies because of their large tobacco
____ 5. In the Southern Colonies, backcountry settlers had small farms.
____ 6. Unmarried women in the colonies could not run businesses and own property.
____ 7. The first public education law was passed in Pennsylvania.
____ 8. Use of enslaved workers increased in colonies where hard labor was required on large farms.
____ 9. The Navigation Acts angered the colonists because they restricted trade.
____ 10. All free men could vote for colonial legislators.
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 11. The hub of the shipping trade in North America was in
a. the Ohio River valley. c. North Carolina.
b. New England. d. South Carolina.
____ 12. What plan called for one general government for all the American colonies?
a. Iroquois Confederacy c. Bill of Rights
b. Albany Plan of Union d. United States Constitution
____ 13. Which man changed Britain's fortune in the war with France?
a. Edward Braddock c. Benjamin Franklin
b. George Washington d. William Pitt
” . . . I found some black people about me, and I believe some were those who had
brought me on board and had been receiving their pay. . . . I asked them if we were not to
be eaten by those white men with horrible looks, red faces, and long hair.”
–Olaudah Equiano, 11-year-old kidnapped from his home in what is now
Nigeria and brought to America as an enslaved person, on his first day on the slave ship
____ 14. Who were the people Equiano mentions that “had been receiving their pay”?
a. Africans who were paid as guards on the slave ships
b. plantation overseers who had come to Africa to help find slaves
c. slave traders who had gone to Africa and now were returning to America
d. Africans who had sold other Africans to slave traders
“I was soon put down under the decks. . . . The closeness of the place, and the heat of the
climate, added to the number in the ship, which was so crowded that each had scarcely room
to turn himself, almost suffocated us. . . . The shrieks of the women, and the groans of the
dying rendered [made] the whole a scene of horror.”
____ 15. This passage by a young African forced by slave traders to take the journey from Africa to the West
Indies describes the conditions _____.
a. of triangular trade c. on the Middle Passage
b. in the Tidewater d. on sugar plantations
(45) “We will appoint as justices, constables, sheriffs, or other officials, only men that
know the law of the realm and are minded to keep it well. . . .
(60) “All these customs and liberties that we have granted shall be observed in our
kingdom in so far as concerns our own relations with our subjects. Let all men of our
kingdom, whether clergy or laymen, observe them similarly in their relations with their
own men. . . .
(63) “IT IS ACCORDINGLY OUR WISH AND COMMAND that the English
Church shall be free, and that men in our kingdom shall have and keep all these liberties,
rights, and concessions, well and peaceably in their fulness and entirety for them and
their heirs, of us and our heirs, in all things and all places for ever.
Both we and the barons have sworn that all this shall be observed in good faith and
without deceit. Witness the abovementioned people and many others.”
–from the Magna Carta, 1215
____ 16. Who keeps the rights and liberties mentioned in this excerpt of the Magna Carta?
a. King John c. the English barons
b. the English people d. Parliament
“One day I undertook a tour through the country, and the diversity and beauties of
nature I met with in this charming season, expelled every gloomy and vexatious
thought. Just at the close of day the gentle gales retired, and left the place to the
disposal of a profound calm. Not a breeze shook the most tremulous leaf. I had
gained the summit of a commanding ridge, and, looking round with astonishing
delight, beheld the ample plains, the beauteous tracts below. On the other hand, I
surveyed the famous river Ohio, that rolled in silent dignity, marking the western
boundary of Kentucky with inconceivable grandeur. At a vast distance I beheld the
mountains lift their venerable brows, and penetrate the clouds. All things were still.”
–Daniel Boone, 1769
____ 17. Which statement best characterizes Daniel Boone’s description of Kentucky?
a. He found the forest excellent for hunting and the soil good for farming.
b. He was impressed by the majestic vista of the Ohio River valley.
c. He was struck by the wonderful beauty of the landscape.
d. He thought that the mountains might have important mineral deposits.
“The Petition of a Grate Number of Blacks of this Province who by divine permission are
held in a state of Slavery within the bowels of a free and Christian Country
“That your Petitioners apprehind we have in common with all other men a naturel
right to our freedoms without Being depriv'd of them by our fellow men as we are a
freeborn Pepel and have never forfeited this Blessing by aney compact or agreement
whatever. But we were unjustly dragged by the cruel hand of power from our dearest
frinds and sum of us stolen from the bosoms of our tender Parents and from a Populous
Pleasant and plentiful country and Brought hither to be made slaves for Life in a
Christian land. Thus we are deprived of every thing that hath a tendency to make life
even tolerable, the endearing ties of husband and wife we are strangers to for we are no
longer man and wife than our masters or mistresses thinkes proper marred or onmarred.
Our children are also taken from us by force and sent maney miles from us wear we
seldom or ever see them again there to be made slaves of for Life which sumtimes is vere
short by Reson of Being dragged from their mothers Breest Thus our Lives are imbittered
to us on these accounts”
–Appeal by the Founding Fathers to Thomas Gage,
royal governor of the colony of Massachusetts
____ 18. Why do the Founding Fathers, a group of slaves in Massachusetts, say that they should be free?
a. They were born free and have a natural right to be free as do all men.
b. They were taken without their consent from their parents and their native land.
c. They have now completed ttheir contracts to serve as slaves.
d. They are mistreated by cruel taskmasters who will not release them
____ 19. Based on the map of the French and Indian War, which of the following statements is true?
a. The British never lost a battle. c. The British won battles in the North.
b. The French won every battle. d. The French won battles in the East.
____ 20. Based on the chart, how many years elapsed between the end of Queen Anne’s War and the beginning of
King George’s War?
War Years Causes
King William’s War 1689-1697 French and Native American allies attacked the
English and the colonists.
Queen Anne’s War 1702-1713 French and Native Americans attacked New
King George’s War 1744-1748 French and British fought in New England.
a. 31 c. 41
b. 39 d. 44