Public and Private Partnership by mov11126

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									UN/ECE’s Contribution to Public
and Private Partnership in
Facilitating International Trade



       Mario Apostolov
    Economic Affairs Officer
    Trade Division, UNECE
The United Nations Economic
Commission’s mission


 UN/ECE brings together participants
 from all United Nations Member States,
 international and non-governmental
 organizations to develop standards and
 conventions in a wide range of fields,
 including trade and transport.
A priority for UN/ECE


 Involve public and private entities in
 specific activities on developing
 standards and best practices in trade
 facilitation
Working parties
 In the 1960s, was established within
 the UN/ECE a working party (WP.4) on
 the Facilitation of International Trade
 Procedures.
 In 1996 it was transformed into United
 Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation
 and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT).
Recommendations
 30 trade facilitation Recommendations
 have been developed under the
 auspices of the UN/ECE.
 These documents recommend to
 Governments specific measures to
 simplify, harmonize and automate
 international trade.
Recommendations
 The texts of these recommendations
 can   be   downloaded    from   the
 UN/CEFACT           web        site:
 www.unece.org/cefact    (click   on
 “Recommendations”).
A coordinated approach between the
public and private sectors
 To ensure that:
    Solving problems in one field would not
   create problems in another part of the
   international supply chain.
   Private sector managers, public sector
   administrators and policy makers can work
   together towards the effective
   implementation of jointly agreed facilitation
   measures.
A coordinated approach between the
public and private sectors

   The needs of all parties, both private and
   public, have to be taken into account
   before decisions are made.
National Trade Facilitation Bodies
 The purpose of these organizations is
 to:
   identify issues affecting the cost and
   efficiency of their country’s international
   trade;
   develop measures to reduce the cost and
   improve the efficiency of international
   trade; assist in the implementation of
   those measures;
National Trade Facilitation Bodies

   provide a national focal point for the
   collection and dissemination of information
   on best practices in international trade
   facilitation;

   participate in international efforts to
   improve trade facilitation and efficiency.
National Trade Facilitation Bodies
    UN/ECE adopted its Recommendation 4:
   National     Trade       Facilitation Bodies
   (www.unece.org/cefact/rec/rec04en.htm),
   which also contains a list of existing
   national trade facilitation bodies.
National Trade Facilitation Bodies
   The various national trade facilitation
   bodies assume roles and tasks which
   reflect the specifics of their countries.
National Trade Facilitation Bodies
   In some countries they focus on
   formalities, procedures and documents, or
   on the promotion of UN/EDIFACT as the
   only global and internationally recognized
   standard for electronic data interchange
   (EDI).
National Trade Facilitation Bodies
    In other countries, particularly with
   developing and transition economies,
   it serves as a forum to coordinate broader
   trade-related policies covering not only the
   use of standards and best practices, but
   also profound legal reforms .
“PRO Committees”
 To avoid institutional conflict of
 interests some countries have chosen to
 use the more neutral term “PRO
 Committees”.
 The “pro” element originally reflected
 the idea of simplifying trade
 “procedures”, but is increasingly used
 with reference to “promotion”.
“PRO Committees”
 The main task of PRO Committees is to
 advise administrations and companies
 on relevant trade facilitation measures,
 on best business practices and on non-
 tariff barriers.
“PRO Committees”
 They can promote trade in developing
 and transition economies by
 encouraging the growth of national
 exports and attracting foreign
 investment, especially through
 providing information about the
 particular international trade procedures
 and requirements.
“PRO Committees”
 Represent     their       countries at
 UN/CEFACT, but also in regional
 cooperation activities, such as:
    EUROPRO, the association of EU and
   EFTA committees for trade facilitation.
   SECIPRO, the trade facilitation segment of
   the Southeast European Cooperative
   Initiative. Further,
“PRO Committees” in CEE and CIS
   UN/ECE has developed a joint technical
   assistance project with the Czech Republic
   for trade facilitation in selected transition
   economies.
   The experience of the Czech PRO-
   Committee, FITPRO, is used to support the
   establishment and first steps of new PRO-
   Committees in Belarus, Kazakhstan,
   Lithuania, the Republic of Moldova and
   Ukraine.
UN/ECE Regional Adviser for Trade
Facilitation
 To increase awareness of trade
 facilitation issues and act as a catalyst
 for trade facilitation in countries in
 transition.
 To support the establishment of
 national trade facilitation bodies.
UN/ECE Regional Adviser for Trade
Facilitation
 Focal point of the trade facilitation
 segment (SECIPRO) of the Southeast
 European Cooperative Initiative (SECI).
    The web site of SECIPRO:
   http://www.unece.org/secipro.
UN/ECE Regional Adviser for Trade
Facilitation
 Provides the secretariat for the Regional
 Steering Committee of the Trade and
 Transport Facilitation project for
 Southeast Europe (TTFSE), realised
 within the SECI framework and
 supported by the World Bank.
UN/ECE Regional Adviser for Trade
Facilitation
 Promotes trade facilitation in Working
 Table II (economic and commercial
 issues) of the Stability Pact for
 Southeast Europe.
Three groups of countries with
economies of transition


Countries which have “graduated” from
transition, which are advancing towards
EU membership, and may themselves
become donors and share their
expertise in trade facilitation with
others;
Three groups of countries with
economies of transition


Countries which have gone through a
significant part of their transition, which
have established national trade
facilitation bodies and participate in
regional trade facilitation initiatives;
Three groups of countries with
economies of transition


Countries which still need to define
priorities in their transition and which
are building up the infrastructure and
awareness
The role and potential of Information
and Communication Technologies
 The emergence of knowledge-based
 societies provides a chance for
 transition economies to leap forward in
 their development.
 Knowledge-based       economies    and
 societies are not limited to the
 implementation of digital technology
 and electronic business.
The role and potential of Information
and Communication Technologies
 A knowledge-based society is inherently
 linked to the improvement of social and
 economic processes by combining.
   human expertise,
   technology and.
   information processing systems.
The role and potential of Information
and Communication Technologies
   Governments have to build upon:
   the achievements of the digital age.
   the classical aspect of simplifying and
   harmonizing trade procedures.
   improving the legal foundations of their
   commercial systems.

								
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