pronoms objets direct et reflechis - Les verbes they express

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pronoms objets direct et reflechis - Les verbes they express Powered By Docstoc
					          Les verbes
they express actions or state of
            being


      Acheter regarder vendre faire
   Être chercher se maquiller se laver
                 Donner
               Demander
 Les pronoms = small words that
replaces a noun or several nouns.
• I ate the pizza= I ate it
• Julia and Nancy are seniors in school. = They are seniors in
  school.
• We went to the dance. = we went there.
• The students in French class are very diligent. = they are
  diligent.
• My friends saw their teacher at the dance. = They saw them
  there.
• Give the books on the desk to my sister please. = Give them to
  her please.
• They are my books. Yes they are mine! (Mine replace the books
  on the desk).
      Pronouns have a function in the
                sentence

•   subjects of the verbs:
•   I    = je, j’         Je regarde le film.
•   you = tu             Tu ne manges pas.
•   he = il              Il ne vends plus ses CDs.
•   she = elle           elle nettoie la maison.
•    it  = il,elle       il dort sous le lit.
•   We = nous, on         Nous rangeons nos lits.
•   You = vous           vous lavez la salle de bains.
•   They = ils, elles,on Ils vont au cirque.
Some pronouns are direct object of
             verbs
      receiving the action
•   Me = me, m’
•   You= te,t’
•   Him= le,l’
•   Her = la,l’    ( don’t confuse her direct object pronoun
•                   with her
•                  possessive adjective= Her brother is James)
•   It = le, la, l’ (don’t confuse it with subject pronoun it= It is hard)
•   Us = nous
•   You=vous (don’t confuse it with you subject pronoun you=
•                   You are late!)
•   Them=les
  To get the direct object in the
sentence ask the question what or
      whom after the verb.
•   I saw Lisa= I saw whom?
•   I saw her
•   We speak well French= We speak well what?
•   we speak it well.
•   They bought a new car= they bought what?
•   they bought it.
•   We watch the film on TV= we watch what on TV?
•   We watch it on TV.
•   The teacher warned Jen and me = She warned whom?
•   She warned us …
Sometimes direct object pronouns could express reflexion
   onto the subject we call them reflexive pronouns:
They may not be obvious all the time or well translated in
                   English language:

•   Myself = me,m’
•   Yourself = tu, t’
•   Himself = se, s’
•   Herself = se, s’
•   Itself   = se, s’
•   Ourself =nous
•   Youself =vous
•   Themself= se,s’
  Verbs containing these pronouns are called in French:
     Les verbes pronominaux ou les verbes réfléchis

• Je me lève. ( I wake whom up?)I wake myself
   up.
  je me lave.
• tu te maquilles
• Il se rase.
• Elle s’habille bien.
• Nous nous regardons dans le miroir.
• Vous vous parlez souvent?
• Ils se couchent tôt.
    On peut changer un verbe de la forme pronominal à la
                  forme non pronominal.

•   Je me réveille.
•   Je le réveille. (le chat).
•   Tu te brosses les dents.
•   Tu les brosses. ( les chevaux).
•   Il se peigne.
•   Il nous peigne.( moi et mes amis).
•   Elle se regarde.
•   Elle me regarde.
•   Nous nous habillons.
•   Nous l’habillons. ( la mariée)
•   Vous vous couchez.
•   Vous le couchez. ( le bébé).
•   Ils se marient ( se marier)
•   ils les marient. (Leurs enfants).
                     et vice versa


• J’écoute la prof. je l’ écoute.
• Je m’ écoute sur l’enregistreur.

• ils rencontre Sam devant le café?ils la rencontre
  devant le café?
• Ils se rencontrent …

• Il aime Nadia.Il l’aime.Elle l’aime aussi.
• Ils s’aiment!