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					www.hubeali.com Death, Grave, Punishment and Life After Death Life ends with death. Mola Aliasws says1 every grain you eat is predestined for you and you are the diet of the death, with punishment for the unsuccessful and reward for the successful ones, as Allahazwj Says in the following Verses: Every soul will be tasting death: You will merely be repaid your earnings on Resurrection Day. Anyone who is snatched from the Fire and shown into the Garden will have triumphed. What does worldly life mean except the enjoyment of illusion? God has knowledge about the „instance‟. He sends down showers and knows whatever wombs contain. Yet no person knows what he will earn tomorrow, nor does any person know in what land he will die. Still God is Aware, has the knowledge.     But never does God grant a delay to a human being when his term has come; and God is fully aware of all that you do. Death is Punishment for a non-believer but Life for a Momin: ( ( 9:82  ٕٝ ١ ‫ٝث‬  ‫ى‬  ُ  ‫ح‬  ٍ  ‫ ثء‬B ‫ ٝث ى ثٕ  ث ى   ح‬ ّ  ٌ٤ ‫ ع‬B ‫ث ػ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ٝث‬  ٍ َ ٣ B ٝ ‫ث‬  ١ ‫ى‬ ٍ ‫ح‬ ‫ ١ ف‬ ٍ ‫ ٝـ‬ ‫ى‬ Let them laugh a little and weep a lot as a reward for what they have been earning. ( ( 2:94  ‫ٕ١م‬   ‫هث‬  ٗ  ّ ٕ ‫س‬ ٍ‫ث‬ ‫ث‬  ّ  ٝ  ‫س‬  ‫إ‬  ٕ  ‫ى‬ ٕٝ  ٍ‫ث‬  ُ‫ٗ ج‬   ‫ك‬ ‫ش‬   ّ  ٗ ٞ  ٗ  B ّ   ‫ٕ ه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ ثٍ  ه  ع‬ ٕ ُٚ  ‫ثٍ  ك‬ ٍ‫ث‬  ‫ك‬ ‫آ‬  ً  ‫ر‬ ٍ‫ث‬  ً‫هث‬ ّ ٍ  ‫إ‬  ٕ  ‫ى‬  ٕ‫ث‬  ‫س‬  ٍ  ‫ى‬ ‫م‬ Say: „If a home in the Hereafter with God is exclusively yours instead of [other] people‟s then long for death if you are so truthful‟. A non-believer will be reluctant to leave this world and will not look forward to the life after death. However, for a momin/momina this life is like a prison and he/she always desires for transferring to his/her eternal residence where a luxurious life with countless bounties and blessings have been guaranteed, but more importantly an eternal proximity to Masomeenasws is the reality, which makes a momin restless and he craves to leave this world without any delay. 1 Nahjul Asrar, referene, Usool-e-Kafi, vol, 1, chapter 20.‟ 1

www.hubeali.com Death is Good News for a Momin : ‫١حأ ٕع ،ٙ١حأ ٕع ،١ًٗثٍٕث ١ٍع ٕح ُٕؿٍث ٕع ،١ٕ١ُؿٍث ُٕؿٍث ٕح هّؿأ ٕع ،ًُفٍّث‬ ٚ ‫ؽ ؼ لٌ ثُ ؾٞثه، ػٖ آد جة‬ ٌ٤ ‫ػ ِ ٤ْٜ ثُ ْ ِْ ه جٍ: ه ٤َ ُ ٔ ٤ٌ ثُ ٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ: ٙق ُ ٘ج ثُ ٔٞس، ك وجٍ: ػ ِ٠ ثُ ن ذ‬ ‫ّ و٢ ضْ، ٛٞ أفو ع ِ غز‬ ‫د ٘ ؼ ٤ْ ثُ ذو، ٝإٓج د ٖجًر د ؼيثح ثُ ذو، ٝإٓج ص قَ٣ ٖ ٝص ٜٞ٣ َ ٝأٌٓٙ ثًٓٞ ٣ ٌه ػ ِ ٤ٚ: إٓج د ٖجًر‬ ١‫ٓ ذْٜ، ٍ ص وً١ ٖٓ أ‬ ٜٞ ‫ثُ لٌم ٛٞ، ك أٓج ُٝ ٤ ٘ج ثُ ٔ٢ ٤غ ُ ٌٔٗ ج ك ٜٞ ثُ ٔ ذ ٌٖ د ٘ ؼ ٤ْ ثُ ذو، ٝأٓج ػوٝٗ ج ثُ نجُ ق ػ ِ ٤ ٘ج ك‬ ‫ثُ ٔ ذ ٌٖ د ؼيثح ثُ ذو، ٝأٓج‬ ‫٣ ؤٍٝ إُ ٤ٚ فجُ ٚ، ثُ ٔ ذْٜ أٌٓٙ ثُ ي١ ٍ ٣ وًٟ ٓج فجُ ٚ ك ٜٞ ثُ ٔؤٖٓ ثُ ٔ ٌْف ػ ِ٠ ٗ ل ْٚ ٍ ٣ وً١ ٓج‬ ‫٣ أص ٤ٚ ثُ ن ذٌ ٓ ذٜٔج‬ ‫ٓنٞ ك ج، ع ْ ُ ٖ ١ ّٞ٣ ٚ ث ٍ ػَٝ ؽَ د أ ػوثة ٘ج ٍ ً ٖ ٣ نٌ ؽٚ ٖٓ ثٍ ٗ جً ح ٕ لجػ ض ٘ج، ك جػٔ ِٞث‬ ٍٝ ‫ٝأ١٢ ػٞث ٍٝ ص ضي ُ ٞث‬ ‫ص ْ ض ٚ ـٌٝث ػ وٞد ز ثٍ ػَٝؽَ ك ئٕ ٖٓ ثُ ٔ ٌْك ٤ٖ ٖٓ ٍ ص ِق وٚ ٕ لجػ ض ٘ج إٍ د ؼو ػيثح‬ ‫ع ِ غٔجة ز أُ ق ّ ٘ز‬ · A person requested Amir-ul-momaneenasws to explain implications of death, Imamasws replied: A person would encounter one of three scenarios after death, either he gets good news about eternal blessings and peace, or is given bad news for everlasting punishment or (the third one) remains in grief and fear without being informed about his fate in the hereafterwithout knowing which category he belongs to (Kafir or momin). Our devout follower will get the good news for eternal bounties but our enemy will be told only about his never ending punishment. The one who will not be told about his fate will be that „Momin‟ who had polluted his/her soul with Allahazwj‟s forbidden deeds and will be in doubt about his future and will perceive terrible outcome after getting ambiguous and fearful messages. Allahazwj will not put him together with our enemies but will release him from hell fire through our intersession. Thus, O my followers, keep on doing good deeds, obey Allahazwj, and do not become careless through self-reliance (on your deeds). Do not underestimate Allahazwj‟s wrath because there will be some among third category sinner „musarfeen‟ (who were careless) who will not get our intercession and will get three hundred thousand years‟ punishment in the hell prior to being pardoned.2 · Imam Mohammed Taqiasws was asked why people do not like to die? Imamasws replied because they are unaware of reality of death and its bounties. Surely, they will like it if they are true believers and obey Allahazwj and would recognise life in the hereafter is far better than what they are used to (in this world). They may be exemplifying by such a child or an insane person who would not like to take a medicine, although it is going to cure his illness and provide him comfort. If they knew how much better off they will be in the hereafter they would certainly wish to die, their desire would be more intense as compared with that patient who is desperate for health and life.3 Momin Dies from Various Causes but Never Commits Suicide:

‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ، ػٖ ٙ لٞثٕ، ػٖ ٓؼجٝ٣ ز د ٖ ػٔجً، ػٖ ٗ جؽ ٤ز ه جٍ: ه ِش‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ُ ذ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ‬ ‫ثُ ْ ِْ(: إٕ ثُ ٔؾ ٣ ٌر ١ ه ٍٞ: إٕ ثٍ ٓؤٖٓ ٍ ٣ ذش ُ ٢ د جٍ ؽيثّ ٍٝ د جُ ذٌٗ ٍٝ ح ً يث ٍٝ ح ً يث؟‬ ٖ‫ف ه جٍ: إٕ ً جٕ ٍ ؿجك َ ػ‬ ‫ٍ د ِ ٤ز ٝ٣ ٔٞس د ٌَ ٓ ٤ ضز إٍ أٗ ٚ ع ْ ه جٍ: إٕ ثُ ٔؤٖٓ ٣ ذ ض ِ٢ د ي - ٙجفخ ٣ ج ّ ٤ٖ إٗ ٚ ً جٕ ٓ ٌ ٘ ؼج‬ .ْٚ ‫ٍ ٣ و ضَ ٗ ل‬ · I enquired from Imam Abu Jafarasws that Mughairah says : The believer is neither tested with the leprosy (juzaam) nor with the vitiligo (phool berri) nor by such and such? The inheritor of „Yaseen‟ (Imamasws( nodded in 2 Nahjul Israr, vol. 2, pp. 375, original Ashen alfowaid, pp. 208, also Mani-AlAkhbar-Page-288. 3 Nahjul Israr, vol. 2, pp. 377 2 www.hubeali.com surprise (over this statement) and responded: A believer may be examined from various diseases, but he would never commit suicide.4 Sudden Death: ‫ٝه جٍ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ: " إٕ ٓٞس ثُ لؾأر ص ن ل ٤ق ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔؤٖٓ ًٝثفز، ٝأمير أ ّق‬ " ٌ ‫ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٌجك‬ · The Prophet of Allahsaww Said: „Sudden death is easy and comfortable for a believer but regretful for an infidel.5 Pain and Discomfort Leading to Death: ًُ َ‫ٍٝ ثٍ ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػَ ٣ ٚ ٝآُ ٚ ٝ ّ ِْ " ى ٣ ق ١ ص ٞك ٠ ٓ ِي ثُ ٔٞس ثُ ٔؤٖٓ؟ ك وجٍ: إٕ ٓ ِي ٝ ّ ت‬ ٖٓ ‫ثُ ٔٞس ُ ٤ وق‬ ٙ‫ثُ ٔؤٖٓ ػ ٘و ٓٞص ٚ ٓٞه ق ثُ ؼ ذو ثُ يُ ٤َ ٖٓ ثُ ُٔٞ ٠ ك ٤ وّٞ ٝأ ٙقجد ٚ ٍ ٣ وٗ ٞ ٓ ٘ٚ ف ض٠ ٣ ذوأ‬ ." ‫د جُ ض ْ ِ ٤ْ ٝ٣ ذ ٌٖٙ د جُ ؾ ٘ز‬ · Rasool Allahsaww was asked: How would the angel of death treat a momin? Hesaww replied: The angel of death appears and stands in front of a believer near his time of death; the angle acts like a submissive slave would do in front of his master. And do not initiate his extraction of soul, until the believer agrees to go to heavens with him.6 ٚ ِ‫ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إٕ ثٍ ػَ ٝؽَ إىث ً جٕ ٖٓ أٌٓٙ إٔ ٣ ٌٌّ ػ ذوث ٝ ُٚ ىٗ خ ثد ض‬ ْ ُ ٕ‫د جُ ْ وْ، ك ئ‬ ،‫٣ ل ؼَ ىُ ي ُٚ ثد ضِ ٚ د جُ قجؽز ك ئٕ ُ ْ ٣ ل ؼَ د ٚ ىُ ي ٕوه ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ٔٞس ُ ٤ ٌجك ٤ٚ د يُ ي ثُ يٗ خ‬ ٕ‫ه جٍ: ٝإىث ً جٕ ٖٓ أٌٓٙ أ‬ ‫ُ ي ٝ ّغ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ك ٢ ًٍه ز، ك ئٕ ٛٞ ٣ ٜ ٤ٖ ػ ذوث ٝ ُٚ ػ ٘وٙ ف ْ ٘ز ٙقـ د وٗ ٚ، ك ئٕ ُ ْ ٣ ل ؼَ د ٚ ى‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ُ ْ ٣ ل ؼَ ىُ ي د ٚ ٕٛٞ ػ‬ ‫ثُ ٔٞس ُ ٤ ٌجك ٤ٚ د ض ِي ثُ ق ْ ٘ز‬ · It is narrated from Imam Mohammed Baqirasws, If Allahazwj wants to raise His servant‟s status in the hereafter who has committed some sins in his life, Allahazwj makes him either ill in this world or let him suffer from the lack of resources, or, instead will make death more painful for him. Allahazwj does this to eradicate His servant‟s sins so he is raised in the hereafter without any burden of sins. But if Allahazwj wants to disgrace someone in the hereafter who has done some good deeds in his life, Allahazwj awards this fellow with good health, or increases his sustenance, or otherwise

makes death easier for him in order to payback the reward of his good deeds in this world.7 Attending a Patient: ًٍ  ً‫ث‬  ‫ر‬  ‫ع‬  ٕ                  ‫ أ   ثح   ٟ ع  ٣ ِ  ع   ح    ؿ‬ ّ ‫ه‬ ٕ ٕ ٕ ‫١ ٕ ح‬ ١  ‫ ؿ‬ ١ ‫ ٟ ع‬ ٕ  ‫ أ‬ ‫ ح    ؿ‬ ّ ‫ه‬ ٕ  ّ ‫ح‬  ٕ ‫ؿ‬  ّ  ‫ه‬ /ّ ٝ  ّ   ٓ  L ‫ ع ً م / فٕ  ًث / ً  ً ؿ‬L ٍ ٕ  ٍ‫  ً  ٣ ْ    ث‬L ٍ‫  ٓ   ّ  ٣ ْ    ثٍ     ح ث‬L ‫ً ى‬ ‫٣ ع‬ ‫ٓ ً ع‬ ‫٣ ع‬ ٕ ‫ى‬  ‫ح‬  ٍ‫ث‬  ُٚ  ‫ػ ٤ي‬ ٍ  ‫أ‬ ‫ك  / ٣ ٜ  ٟ ّ  ع  س   ث ه  إ  ثٍ ث ع م     أ‬ ‫ّ ٙ ه ؿ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ٍ ك‬ ٍ ً ‫ن‬ ٖ ُ‫ًثس   ّ ع  ُ ثً ث‬ ‫ح‬ · Zarara narrates from Imam Mohammed Baqirasws that when you visit a patient then recite: I give you in the protection of „The Greatest Rub‟, Who is the creator of „Arsh-e-Azim‟, from every harm embroiled in your veins and the damage of the shooting temperature (repeat it 7 times).8 4 Al-Kafi Vol-2 Page 254 5 Manlayazahoor Alfaqi Vol-1 Page-134 6 Manlayazahoor Alfaqi Vol-1 Page-135 7 Usool-e-Kafi, vol.2, pp. 444 8 Usool-e-Kafi, tradition 12, vol. 5, pp. 216. 3 www.hubeali.com Prepare „Kafin‟ Shroud during Lifetime: ٍ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثُ ٘ٞك ِ٢، ػٖ ثُ ْ ٌٞٗ ٢، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫:ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ .ٚ٤ ُ‫إىث أػو ثُ ٌؽَ ً ل ٘ٚ ك ٜٞ ٓأؽًٞ ً ِٔج ٗ ظٌ إ‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: If one prepares his shroud in his life, he gets „Sawab‟ (reward( upon looking at it.9 ٚ٤ ِ ‫ٝػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ّ ٘جٕ، ػٖٔ أم ذٌٙ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ‬ :ٍ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ه ج‬ .ٚ٤ ُ‫ٖٓ ً جٕ ً ل ٘ٚ ٓؼٚ ك ٢ د ٤ ضٚ ُ ْ ٣ ٌ ضخ ٖٓ ثُ ـجك ِ ٤ٖ، ًٝ جٕ ٓأؽًٞث ً ِٔج ٗ ظٌ إ‬ · It is narrated from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: He, who has his shroud at home, he will not count among heedless people. And he gets reward, each time, upon looking at it.10 ٖ ‫ػٖ ؽ ؼ لٌ د ٖ ػ ِ٢، ػٖ ؽوٙ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ػ ِ٢، ػٖ ؽوٙ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ثُ ٔ ـ ٤ٌر، ػٖ إ ّٔجػ ٤َ د‬ ،‫ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ ثُ ٚجهم‬ ٚ٘ ‫ً جٕ ػٖ آد جة ٚ (ػ ِ ٤ْٜ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ه جٍ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ(: إىث أػو ثُ ٌؽَ ً ل‬ ٚ٤ ُ‫ٓأؽًٞث ً ِٔج ٗ ظٌ إ‬ · Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws reports from his fatherasws that Prophet Mohammedsaww said: If a person prepares his shroud, he gets, reward

each time, he looks at it.11 Preference for Top-Quality Shroud: ‫ُ ق ٌْ، ػٖ ٣ ٞٗ ِ د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح ه جٍ: ه جٍ أد ٞ ػ ذو ثٍ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ث‬ (‫١حأ ٕإ :(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ‫أٝ ٙجٗ ٢ ع ٗ و ثٍ ٓٞس: ٣ ج ؽ غ ك ٌ ً ق ٗ ٢ ك ٢ ع ٞح ً يث ٝ ً يث ٝث ٕ ضٌ ُ ٢ د ٌهث ٝث فوث ٝػٔج ٓز، ٝأ‬ ٠ ‫ٔج، ك ئٕ ثٍ ٓٞص‬ ٛ‫ؽو‬ .ْٜ ٗ‫٣ ض ذجٕٛٞ د أً لج‬ · Younis bin Yaqoob narrates from Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws that Imamasws said: My fatherasws asked me while leaving from this world: O Jaafarasws give measws shroud in the such and such garments and buy for Measws a single and the best sheet of cloth and a turban, and also informed me that the deceased (souls) like and praise superior shrouds.12 ٍ‫ٝد ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ٤ ْ٠، ػٖ ثد ٖ ّ ٘جٕ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫:ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ .‫ص ٘ٞه ٞث ك ٢ ثُ ٌ لجٕ، ك ئٗ ْٜ ٣ ذ ؼ غٕٞ د ٜج‬ · Mohamed Bin Ahmed Bin Yahya narrates from Mohamed Bin Issa, who from Ibn Sinan who says that Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: Prepare good quality shrouds, with them you will be resurrected.13 ،‫ٝػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػٌٔٝ د ٖ ّ ؼ ٤و، ػٖ ٣ ٞٗ ِ د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح‬ ْٖ ‫ػٖ أد ٢ ثُ ق‬ ٕ‫ثُ ٍٞ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(، ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼ ضٚ ١ ه ٍٞ: إ ٗ ٢ ً ق ٗ ش أ د ٢ ك ٢ ع ٞد ٤ٖ ٕ٢ٞ٣ ٤ٖ، ً ج‬ ٘ ٣ ْ ‫ٖٓ٣ قٌّ ك ٤ٚ ٓج، ٝ ك ٢ ه‬ ،‫ه ٔ ٚٚ، ٝػٔجٓز ً جٗ ش ُ ؼ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(، ٝك ٢ د ٌه ث ٕ ضٌ٣ ضٚ د أًد ؼ ٤ٖ ه٣ ٘جًث‬ ٟٝ‫ُٝ ٞ ً جٕ ثُ ٤ّٞ ُ ْج‬ ً‫أًد ؼٔجة ز ه٣ ٘ج‬ · It is narrated from Imam Ali bin Hussainasws: My grand father, Imam AbulHassan Al-Awwalasws (Amir-ul-momaneenasws) enshrouded his 9 Al-Kafi Vol-3.Page-253. 10 Tahzeb ulisalamVol-1.Page-449. 11 Wasilushia Vol-3.Page-50 12 Wasailu shai. Vol-3. Page-39. 13 Al-Kafi Vol-3.Page-149. 4 www.hubeali.com fatherasws in two garments „Shtween‟ (special cloths from Yemen( the Aharaam and in one of his shirts and a turban. And in a cloth (chadar) Amir-ul-momaneenasws bought for forty dinars, which would be, if bought today, four hundred dinars.14 ٖ٤ ‫ٝ٣ أص ٢ ٓج ٣ وٍ ػ ِ٠ إٔ ٓٞ ّ٠ د ٖ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ً لٖ ك ٢ ف ذٌر ث ّ ض ؼٔ ِش ُٚ د أُ ل‬ ‫ٝمٔ ْٔجة ز ه٣ ٘جً، ػ ِ ٤ٜج‬ ٕ‫ثُ وٌآ‬ · It is narrated that Imam Musa bin Jafarasws was enshrouded in Hubrat (chadar) that was bought for himasws for two thousands and five hundred dinars, whole Quran was written on it.15 White Coloured Shroud is Prefered:

ٖ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو، ػٖ ثد ٖ ك ٞجٍ، ػٖ ثد ٖ ثُ ووثؿ، ػ‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ‬ ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ه جٍ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ(: ثُ ذ ْٞث ثُ ذ ٤جٛ، ك ئٗ ٚ أ١ ٤خ ٝأ١ٌٜ، ًٝ ل ٘ٞث‬ ‫ً ْك ٤ٚ ٓٞص ج‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws quoted from the messenger of Allahsaww: You better wear white coloured outfit, its pleasant and healthy life-style and use the same colour for enshrouding your deceased.16 ‫ٕ ػجة ي، ػٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو ػٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ػ ِ٢، ػٖ أفٔو ح‬ ‫ٓن ضجً ه جٍ: ه ِش‬ ‫ُ ذ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ٣ قٌّ ثُ ٌؽَ ك ٢ ثُ غٞح ثُ ْٞه؟ ه جٍ: ٍ ٣ قٌّ ك ٢ ثُ غٞح ثُ ْٞه‬ ‫ٍٝ ٣ ٌ لٖ د ٚ ثُ ٔ ٤ش‬ · It is narrated from a number of companions that Al-Hussain bin Mukhter asked from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: Can one use black cloth(s) for „Ahraam‟? Imamasws replied: One should neither use black cloths for „Ahraam‟ nor for giving „Kafan‟ to a deceased.17 What shall be written on the Shroud? ٌ‫فٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ أد ٢ ١جُ خ ثُ ٢ ذٌ ّ٢ ك ٢ (ثُ ق ضؾجػ(: ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ؽ ؼ ل‬ ‫ُ َٓجٕثُ قٔ ٤ٌ١، ػٖ ٙجفخ ث‬ (‫ًثٍإ ٍٟع حسى ٕٙأ (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع( مهثٍٗث ٕع ثٍٕ ١ًٝ هم :ٙ١ٍإ حسى ٕٙأ ،(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ َ٤ ‫إ ّٔجػ ٤َ ثد ٘ٚ: إ ّٔجػ‬ ٍٞ‫٣ ٖٜو إٔ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، ك َٜ ٣ ؾٍٞ ُ ٘ج إٔ ٗ ٌ ضخ ٓ غَ ىُ ي د ٢ ٤ٖ ثُ و ذٌ أّ ؿ ٤ٌٙ ؟ ك أؽجح: ٣ ؾ‬ .ٍ ‫ىُ ي، ٝثُ قٔو‬ · A question was asked from Imam-e-Zamanaajtf, that is it true that Imam AlSadiqasws wrote on his son‟s (Ismail( shroud: Ismail testifies: There is no God but Allahazwj? And it is permissible for us to write like that with dust (Khak-e-Shafa) or something similar? Imamajft replied, yes, this is permissible and all praise due to Allahazwj.18 What to Recite When Soul Leaves Body: · Imam Ali Razaasws visited, one of his companions who was on his death bed and enquired from him about his condition. He replied; I had gone through a lot of pain and un-comfort after you had visited me last time. Imamasws replied you have not been troubled by the approaching death but got anxious by your disease. Imamasws then told him about the death and that there are two types of people, the ones who are relieved after meeting 14 Wasailu shia Vol-3 Page-39. 15 Wasailu shia Vol-3 Page-39 16 Al-Kafi.Vol-3,Page-148 17 Al-kafi v-4 p-341 18 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-53 5 www.hubeali.com their death and the other kind whose death is a sigh of relief for others. And asked him to renew his pledge to „Tauheed‟ and „Rasalat‟ and our „Wilait‟, so that you ensure you are among those who get pleasure and bounties after death. He, immediately, reiterated the above. 19 Dead Body Should be Facing Kiblah:

‫ٝح، ػٖ ثُ ؼ ذجُ د ٖ ٓؼٌٝف، ػٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ٓقخ‬ ٖ‫ثُ ٔ ـ ٤ٌر، ػ‬ َ‫ىً٣ ـ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ك ٢ (فو٣ ظ( ه جٍ: ٝإىث ٝؽٜش ثُ ٔ ٤ش ُ ِ و ذ ِز ك ج ّ ض و ذ‬ ٚ ِ‫د ٞؽٜٚ ثُ و ذ ِز، ٍ ص ؾ ؼ‬ ُ‫ٓؼ ضٌ ٝج ً ٔج ٣ ؾ ؼَ ثُ ٘ج‬ · Mohammed bin alHassan narrates from Imam Abu Abdullahasws, through a chain of narrators that Imamasws said: Contrary to our foes, you should place the dead body in the direction of Kiblah so that his face is towards Kiblah.20 ٖ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ ػٖ ٛ ٖجّ د ٖ ّجُ ْ، ػ‬ :ٍ‫ّ ِ ٤ٔجٕ د ٖ مجُ و ه ج‬ ‫ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٣ وٍٞ: إىث ٓجس ُ قوً ْ ٓ ٤ش ك ْؾٞٙ ص ؾجٙ ثُ و ذ ِز، ًٝ يُ ي إىث ّٔ ؼش أد ج ػ ذو‬ ‫ؿ َْ ٣ ق لٌ ُٚ ٓٞ ٝغ‬ ‫ثُ ٔ ـ ض َْ ص ؾجٙ ثُ و ذ ِز ك ٤ ٌٕٞ ٓ ْ ض و ذَ د ج١ٖ ه وٓ ٤ٚ ٝٝؽٜٚ إُ ٠ ثُ و ذ ِز‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob says that he has learned through a chain of narrators that Salaman has heard from Imam Abu Abdullahasws: When one of you would pass away then ensure that the dead is facing Kiblah, after death as well as during the „Ghusal-e-Maiat‟ (bathing of dead-body) in such a way that both the face and the feet are in the direction of Kiblah.21 The way of washing the dead: ٖ‫ٝػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج ، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه ، ػٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ٓق ذٞح ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ًة جح ، ػ‬ ٍ‫ثُ ق ِ ذ٢ ه جٍ : ه ج‬ ٚ٤ ‫أد ٞ ػ ذوثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( : ٣ ـ َْ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ع ِظ ؿ ْ ِش ، ٌٓر د جُ ْوً ، ٌٝٓر د جُ ٔجء ٣ ٢ٌؿ ك‬ ٟ ٌ‫ثُ ٌجك ًٞ ، ٌٝٓر ثم‬ ‫د جُ ٔجء ثُ وٌثؿ ، ع ْ ٣ ٌ لٖ ، ثُ قو٣ ظ‬ · It is narrated from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: Dead body to be given three washes prior to giving shroud, first with berry leaves soaked in water, second with water containing camphor, and third time with only pure water.22 ٍ‫ك ٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ػٖ عػ ثحأ ٍأُ ٍػً ٕإ :-ك ٢ فو٣ ظ -ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه ج‬ َْ ‫ثُ ٔ ٤ش ُ ْ ٣ ـ َْ ؿ‬ ‫ثُ ؾ ٘جد ز ؟ ه جٍ: إىث مٌؽش ثُ ٌٝؿ ٖٓ ثُ ذوٕ مٌؽش ثُ ٘٢ لز ثُ ض٢ م ِن ٓ ٜ٘ج د ؼ ٤ ٜ٘ج ٓ ٘ٚ، ً جة ٘ج ٓج‬ ،‫ً جٕ، ٙ ـ ٤ٌث أٝ ً ذ ٤ٌث‬ ‫ىً ٌث أٝ ثٗ غ٠، ك ِيُ ي ٣ ـ َْ ؿ َْ ثُ ؾ ٘جد ز، ثُ قو٣ ظ‬ · Once Imam AbuAbdullahasws was asked by a person: Why a dead body is to be washed in a similar manner as one would perform ritual purification (Ghusal-e-janab(? Imamasws replied: The „Nutfa‟23 from which the body was built, also comes out when soul leave the body, regardless of age or gender, being young or old, male or female, therefore, it is important to purify the dead body after it becomes „Najis‟ due to its release.24 ‫ٝػ ٘ٚ ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ ، ػٖ ًؽجُ ٚ ، ػٖ ٣ ٞٗ ِ ، ػ ْٜ٘ (ػ ِ ٤ْٜ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ : إىث أًهس ؿ َْ ثُ ٔ ٤ش‬ َْ ‫ك ٞ ؼٚ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔ ـ ض‬ ٚ ‫ٓ ْ ض و ذَ ثُ و ذ ِز ، ك ئٕ ً جٕ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ه ٔ ٤٘ ك جمٌػ ٣ وٙ ٖٓ ثُ ؤ ٤٘ ٝثؽٔغ ه ٔ ٤ ٚٚ ػ ِ٠ ػًٞص‬ ، ٝ‫ٟ لإ ٛ ٤ ِؾٌ ْٗ ٛ ؼ لٌث‬ 19 Nahjul Israr, vol. 2, pp. 377 20 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-491

21 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-452 22 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-481 23 The starting cell, sperm. 24 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-487 6 www.hubeali.com ٠‫ك ٞم ثُ ًٌ ذز ، ٝإٕ ُ ْ ٣ ٌٖ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ه ٔ ٤٘ ك أُ ن ػ ِ٠ ػًٞص ٚ مٌه ز ، ث ٌٝد ٚ د ٤وى ف ض‬ ‫ص ٌص لغ ًؿٞص ٚ ، ٝثػٍَ ثُ ٌؿٞر‬ ‫ثُ نٌ ك ٢ ثُ ؾجٗ ز ثُ ٢ ك ٤ٜج ثُ ٔجء ، ع ْ ثؿ َْ ٣ و٣ ٚ ع ِظ ٌٓثس ً ٔج ٣ ـ َْ ك ٢ ٕ٢ء ، ٝ ٙخ‬ ٠ ُ‫ثُ ٘ ْجٕ ٖٓ ثُ ؾ ٘جد ز إ‬ ٍ ٕ‫ٗ ٚق ثُ يًثع ، ع ْ ثؿ َْ ك ٌؽٚ ٝٗ وٚ ، ع ْ ثؿ َْ ًأ ّٚ د جُ ٌؿٞر ٝد جُ ؾ ك ٢ ىُ ي ٝثؽ ضٜو أ‬ ٚ ٣ٌ‫٣ ومَ ثُ ٔجء ٓ ٘ن‬ ّ ‫ًثس ، ٝٓ ْجٓؼٚ ، ع ْ ث ٝؾ ؼٚ ػ ِ٠ ؽجٗ ذٚ ثُ ٤ ٌْ ، ٝ ٙخ ثُ ٔجء ٖٓ ٗ ٚق ًأ ّٚ إُ ٠ ه وٓ ٤ٚ ع ِظ‬ ‫ٝثهُ ي د وٗ ٚ هُ ٌج‬ ‫ًك ٢ ه ج. ٝ ً يُ ي ٣ ٌٛٙ ٝد ٢ ٘ٚ ، ع ْ ث ٝؾ ؼٚ ػ ِ٠ ؽجٗ ذٚ ث ُ ٤ٖٔ ٝثف ػَ د ٚ ّ ع َ ى ُ ي ، ع ْ ٙخ‬ ‫ى ُ ي ثٍ ٓجء ٖٓ ثُ ؾج ٗ ز‬ .ٖ٤ ‫ٝثؿ َْ ثُ ؾجٗ ز د ٔجء ه ٌثؿ ، ٝثؿ َْ ٣ و٣ ي إُ ٠ ثُ ٌٔك و‬ ‫أ ٙخ ثُ ٔجء ك ٢ ثُ ٘ ٤ز ٝثُ ن ك ٤ٚ ف ذجس ً جك ًٞ ، ٝثك ؼَ د ٚ ً ٔج ك ؼ ِش ك ٢ ثُ ٌٔر ثُ ُٞ ٠ ، ثد و‬ ، ٚ‫ع ْ •د ٤و٣ ٚ ، ع ْ د لٌؽ‬ ٠ِ ‫ٝثٓ ْـ د ٢ ٘ٚ ٓ ْقج ًك ٤ وج ، ك ئٕ مٌػ ٓ ٘ٚ ٕ٢ء ك جٗ وٚ ، ع ْ ثؿ َْ ًأ ّٚ ، ع ْ أ ٝؾ ؼٚ ػ‬ َْ ‫ؽ ٘ ذٚ ثُ ٤ ٌْ ، ٝثؿ‬ ‫ؽٖ د ٚ ث ُ ٤ٖٔ ٝ٣ ٌٛٙ ٝد ٠ ٗ ٚ ، ع ْ أ ٝؾ ؼٚ ع ُ ٠ ؽٖ د ٚ ث ُ ٤ٖٔ ، ٝثؽ َّ ؽٖ د ٚ ثُ ٢ ٌّ ى ٓج‬ .‫ك غ ُ ش أٍٝ ٌٓر‬ ‫ع ْ ثؽ َّ ٣ و٣ ي إ •ٍ ه ٌثؿ ً َ ٓج ؽ ّ ِش ك ٢ ثُ ٌٔس ٣ ٖ ح ف ٣ ٚ ٓجء ثٍ ه ٌثؿ ، ٝثؽ ِّ ٚ ح ٓجء ث‬ ٗٝ ‫ُ ٠ ثُ ٌٔك ن ٣ ٖ ٝثُ ٖ ٣ ز‬ (ٌ ‫ك ٚ د غٞح ١جٌٛ ، ٝثػٔو إُ ٠ ه ٢ٖ ك يً ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٕ ٤ تج ٖٓ ف ٟ٘ٞ ٝ ٝ ؼٚ ػ ِ٠ ك ٌؽٚ ه ذَ ٝهد‬ 4(،ٝ‫ثُ ُٞ ض ٤ٖ ، ع ْ •ٗ ٔ • ٓؿث‬ ْٝ ٝ ، ٚ ٣ٞ‫ثُ و٢ٖ ك ٢ هد ٌٙ ُ تَ ٣ نٌػ ٓ ٘ٚ ٕ٢ء ، ٝمي مٌه ز ١ٞ٣ ِز ػٌ ٜٝج ٕ ذٌ ك ٖوٛج ٖٓ ف و‬ ‫مي٣ ٚ ٝٔج ٕو٣ وثف‬ ٚ ٣ ‫مٌػ ًأ ّٜج ٖٓ ص قش ًؽَ ٣ ٚ إ ُ ٠ ثٍ ؽجٗ خ ث ُ ٤ٖٔ ، ٝثؿٌٍ ٛج ك ٢ ثُ ٔٞ ٝغ ث ُ ي١ ُ ق ك ش ف‬ ‫ُٝ ق ٛج ك ٢ ف مي٣ ٚ ، ع ْ أ‬ ‫ثُ نٌه ز ، ٝص ٌٕٞ ثُ نٌه ز ١ٞ٣ ِز ص ِق ك ني٣ ٚ ٖٓ ف وٞ٣ ٚ إُ ٠ ًً ذ ض ٤ٚ ُ لج ٕو٣ وث‬ · It is narrated from Imamasws through a chain of narrators: When you want to wash a dead body then put the body on a bathing table facing the Qiblah, If he is wearing shirt then cut it so that his hands may be brought out of his shirt and put his hands on his loins (Sharam Ghah), and spread them from there to his legs in order to cover his legs towards knee area. But if he was not wearing a shirt then cover his body (from loins area to knees) with a thick cloth, i.e., a shirt, and put some berry leaves in a washtub and start pouring some water on it and stir it with your hands until you see some foam rising from it. And pour some water out of smaller tub into a bigger bath-Tub (Tasht) but without the foam mixture (and leafs) and dilute it with fresh water, then start with washing body‟s‟ hands up the elbow, three times, clean them as one would wash body during the ritual bath (Ghul-e-Jannabath) then wash its genitals and purify it (taking hands underneath cloth without exposing private parts(, then wash body‟s head

with taking foam water from the smaller tub and rinse its head thoroughly while taking extra care to stop any water reaching bodies nostrils and its ears. Then turned the body on its left side, and pour water on its right hand side starting from its head to toes such a way water flows from right side of the head to the feet while gently rubbing the body, stomach and back, repeat it three times. The same, to be repeated after laying the body on its right hand side. Then discard the remaining water from the bigger tub and wash it by normal water. Wash your both hands up to elbows. · Then prepare camphor water by pouring fresh water in the tub and mixing some camphor grains in the water. Then wash the body, like before, three time, starting with its hands, then its genitals, head, left-hand posture and right-hand posture, (as before), wash its abdomen very gently, if anything comes out, just clean it. · Then wash the tub with fresh water as well as your hand up to elbows, and then wash body again with fresh water, following the previous sequence (hands, genitals, head, left-hand posture, right-hand posture). · After completion of bath, dry the whole body with a dry cloth and put some camphor on cotton layers/sheet and put cotton sheet on its genitals and prepare a cotton pad put it underneath (under anal area) in order absorb 7 www.hubeali.com any discharge, and then take a piece of cloth and make a lungi (under wear( and cover body‟s waist to knee area with it so that no fluid comes out of body.25 Don‟t Use Hot Water, Unless One Fears Harm for Himself: ‫ٓـ ٓو د ٖ ثُ ـ ّٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ع ُ ٢ د ٖ َٜٓ ٣ جً ، ػٖ ك ٞجُ ز، ػٖ أ د جٕ ، ػٖ ًٍثًر ه جٍ : ه جٍ أ‬ ٚ ٣ َ‫د ٞ ؽ غ ك ٌ(ػ‬ ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( : ٍ ٣ ْنٖ ثُ ٔجء ُ ِٔ ٤ش‬ · Imam Abu Jafarasws said: Try not to use hot water for washing the dead body.26 ٖ ‫ٍ٣ جه ، ػٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح د ٖ ٣ َ٣ و ، ػٖ ػور ٖٓ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح ، ػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج ، ػٖ َّٜ د‬ ٖ‫أ ٙقجد ٘ج ، ػ‬ .‫د ٔ ْي‬ ٠٘ ‫٣ ق‬ ٍٝ ، ً‫ثُ ٘ج‬ ُٚ (2 ( َ‫ص ؼؾ‬ ٍ ، (1 ( ( ‫أد ٢ ػ ذوثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ : ٍ ص ْنٖ ( ُ ِٔ ٤ش ثُ ٔجء‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: Using hot water for washing the dead body is like introducing fire prior to its time to him and do not put perfume on the deceased.27 ٌٕٞ ٣ ٕ‫ ه جٍ : ًٝٝ١ ك ٢ فو٣ ظ آمٌ : إٍ أ‬B ‫ د جًهث‬B ‫ك ضٞه ٢ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ٓٔج ص ٞه ٢ ٓ ٘ٚ ٗ ل ْي‬ ‫ٕ ضجءث‬ · It is also narrated in another tradition: In very cold weather, you may use hot water to protect the dead body from too cold as you would also like to protect yourself.28 ٢ ‫ٝد ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ٤ ْ٠، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ ، ػٖ ػ ذوثٍ د ٖ ثُ ٔ ـ ٤ٌر ، ػٖ ًؽَ ، ػٖ أد‬ ٍ‫ؽ ؼ لٌ ٝأد ٢ ػ ذوث‬

‫ (ػ ِ ٤ٜٔج ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ : ٍ ٣ وٌح ثُ ٔ ٤ش ٓجءث‬B ‫فجٓ ٤جث‬ · Imams AbuJaafarasws and AbuAbdullahasws both said: It is not appropriate to wash dead body with hot water.29 Dead Body should be handled with Kindness: (‫ٝد ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ٖ ّ ؼ ٤و، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ ثُ نٌثٍ، ػٖ ػ غٔجٕ (ثُ ٘ٞث‬ ٍ‫ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫ثؿ َْ، ه جٍ: إىث ؿ ْ ِش ٓ ٤ ضج ١ٕإ :سٍم ؟ ُٕؿس ٝأ :ٍثم ،ٟسٍّٝث ٍُؽث ١ٕإ :(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ (ٌٙٚ ‫ك جًك ن د ٚ ٍٝ (ص ؼ‬ .ًٞ ‫ٍٝ ص وٌد ٖ ٕ ٤ تج (ٖٓ( ٓ ْجٓؼٚ د ٌجك‬ · Othman says, I told Imam AbuAbdullah: I wash dead bodies. Imamasws enquired: Do you wash them properly? I replied: I just wash them. Imamasws responded: if you washed a dead body then be kind to it, neither squeeze it nor let camphor reach to its ears.30 Do not Remove Something from the Body after Giving Shroud: ٖ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ د ؼٜ أ ٙقجد ٚ، ػ‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ‬ ٍ‫ٓ ٤ش ٕ ؼٌ ٍٝ ظ لٌ ٝإٕ ّ و٠ ٓ ٘ٚ ٕ ٤ب ك جؽ ؼِ ٚ ك ٢ ً ل ٘ٚثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٍ ٣ ِٔ ٖٓ ث‬ 25 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-480 26 Al-kafi Vol-3,Page-147 27 Al-kafi Vol-3,Page-147 28 Manlayazahoor Al-Faqi Vol-1 Page-142 29 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-499 30 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-497 8 www.hubeali.com · AbuAbdullahasws said: Do not remove anything from dead body, even hairs or nails and if a thing drops from it then put it back inside the shroud.31 Don‟t Rewash Dead Body, due to Effluent Discharge: ‫ُ ٔ ٤ش ٕ ٤ب د ؼو ؿ ِْ ٚ ًٝؿ د ٖ ػ ذو ثُ ٌف ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إٕ د وث ٖٓ ث‬ ٍٝ ٚ٘ ٓ ‫ك جؿ َْ ثُ ي١ د وث‬ َْ ‫ص ؼو ثُ ـ‬ · Bin Abdul Rahim narrates from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: If something unclean comes out of dead body then only wash that area without any need of giving it a bath again.32 ‫د ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إى مٌػ ٖٓ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ د ؼٜ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ أ‬ ٖ‫ٕ ٤ب د ؼو ٓج ٣ ٌ ل‬ ٚ٘ ٓ ٌٛ ‫ك أ ٙجح ثُ ٌ لٖ ه‬ · Ibn Abi Omair, refers to some of his friends who had learnt from, Imam AbuAbdullahasws: Cut-off that part of the shroud which becomes impure due to it being stained from dead body effluent, after it has been bathed.33 Shrouding and its Implications: ‫ػٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ّ ٘جٕ ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ً ٤ق أ ٙ ٘غ د جُ ٌ لٖ ؟ ه جٍ: ص ؤمي‬ ٠ِ ‫مٌه ز ك ٤ ٖو د ٜج ػ‬ َ‫ٓ و ؼوص ٚ ًٝؽ ِ ٤ٚ، ه ِش: ك جُ َثً ؟ ه جٍ: ٍ ، إٗ ٜج ٍ ص ؼو ٕ ٤ تج، إٗ ٔج ص ٚ ٘غ ُ ض ْٞ ٓج ٛ ٘جى ُ ت‬ ‫٣ نٌػ ٓ ٘ٚ ٕب، ٝٓج ٣ ٚ ٘غ‬

ْ ‫ٖٓ ثُ ن ١ٖ أك َٞ ٖٓ ٛج، ع ْ ١ مٌم ثُ وْ ٣ ٘ إىث ؿ َْ، ٝ١ ٗ َع ٖٓ ًؽَ ٣ ٚ، ه جٍ: ع ْ ثُ ي ك ٖ ه‬ ٍٝ ًًَٝٓ ٌ ٣ ‫٣ ٘ ؽ‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ٓ ٌ لٞف، ٝػٔجٓز ٣ ؼ ٚخ د ٜج ًأ ّٚ، ٝ٣ ٌه ك ٞ ِٜج ػ ِ٠ ًؽ‬ · Abdullah Bin Sinan says, I asked from Imam Abu Abdullahasws, how should I cover the dead with the shroud? Imamasws replied: a cloth to be wrapped around body‟s genitals (to cover both front and back( also put some extra cotton at rear area (for the purpose of stopping any fluid coming out). I asked what about the lion cloth? Imamasws replied: Actually, the wrapper cloth is not an essential part of shroud, it is given to the body so that body fluid may not come out. It is only used for this reason. Then it is better to use cotton shroud. Remove body‟s shirt prior to giving bath, by tearing/cutting and taking it off from feet side. The shroud consists of a shirt, without any buttons and cuffs, and a turban for head, which should be wrap around the head 3 to 4 times whereas, the remain to be left on the body‟s shirt.34 ٖ ‫ٓق ذٞح، ػٖ ٓؼجٝ٣ ز د ٖ ٝٛخ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٝػ ْٜ٘، ػٖ َّٜ، ػٖ ثد‬ ٢ ‫٣ ٌ لٖ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ك‬ ،ٚ ٣ ‫مٔ ْز أ ع ٞثح: ه ْ ٣ ٘ ٍ ٣ ًَ ػَ ٣ ٚ، ٝإٍثً، ٝمٌ ه ز ٣ ؼ ٚخ ح ٛج ٝ ّ٢ٚ، ٝد ٌه ١ ُ ق ف‬ ٠ ‫ٝػٔج ٓز ٣ غ ص ْ ح ٛج ٝ٣ َ ه‬ ًٙ‫ك ٞ ِٜج ػ ِ٠ ٙو‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said : Enshroud the dead in five garments: (1) A shirt without any buttons on it; (2) and loin cloth; (3) a rag (hip and thighs wrapper(; (4( A large sheet „chaddar‟ to wrap the body; (5( A turban to tie on head while leaving some of it (after three/four turns on head) on chest.35 31 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-155 32 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-542 33 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-156 34 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-144 35 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-145 9 www.hubeali.com Orders Regarding Camphor: ٌٖ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ ًك ؼٚ ه جٍ: ثُ ْ ٘ز ك ٢ ثُ ق ٟ٘ٞ ع ِ غز ػ‬ ،ٌٙ‫ٔج ٝع ِظ، أً غ‬ ًٛ‫ه‬ ٚ ٍٗٝ ٕ‫ٝ ه جٍ: إٕ ؽ ذٌا ٣ َ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٗ ٍَ ػ ِ٠ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( د ق ٟ٘ٞ، ًٝ ج‬ ،‫أًد ؼ ٤ٖ ٔج‬ ًٛ‫ه‬ ‫ُ ٢ ٝؽَءث ُ لج١ٔز (ػ ِ ٤ٜج ك و ْٜٔج ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ع ِ غٚ أؽَثء: ؽَءث ُٚ، ٝؽَءث ُ غ‬ .(ِْ ْ ُ‫ث‬ · It is narrated that the weight of the „Al-hanout‟ (Camphor( is of thirteen dirhams and one third, (131/3) Imamasws said: Gabrielas descended upon the messenger of Allahsaww and brought Al-hnout, equal in weight to forty dirhams, The messenger of Allahasws divided it into three parts: one part for himselfsaww, and one part for Aliasws and part for Syeda Fatmaasws.36 ‫ٝػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ٗ ؾٌثٕ، ػٖ د ؼٜ أ ٙقجد ٚ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬

َ‫١ ٖٓ ثُ ٌجك ًٞ ُ ِٔ ٤ش ٓ غ وجٍه جٍ: أه َ ٓج ٣ ؾ‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: The minimum quantity of camphor to be given to the deceased is one mishqal (4.5 grams).37 To Give a Garment to the Deceased in Which He used to Worship: ‫ث أًهس إٔ ص ٌ ل ٘ٚ ك ئٕ ث ّ ض٢ ؼش إٔ ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إى‬ ٕ‫٣ ٌٕٞ ك ٢ ً ل ٘ٚ ع ٞح ً ج‬ ٙ‫٣ ٚ ِ٢ ك ٤ٚ ٗ ظ ٤ق ك جك ؼَ، ك ئٕ ىُ ي ٣ ْ ضقخ، إٔ ٣ ٌ لٖ ك ٤ٔج ً جٕ ٣ ٚ ِ٢ ك ٤ٚ. ًٝٝث‬ ٌ ‫ثُ ٚوٝم ه جٍ: ه جٍ أد ٞ ؽ ؼ لٌ ثُ ذجه‬ (‫ط١هؿٍث ًىىٝ ،سعٟسُث ٕإف س١ٍّث سٕفى ثىإ :(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ · Mohammed bin Muslim says that Imam Abu Jafarasws said: When giving shroud to a dead person, it is recommended, to also include, in the shroud, if possible, a clean and pure outfit in which he/she used to offer prayers.38 Burning Impregnated Sticks „Agarbati‟ are Not Recommended ‫ُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ٓق ذٞح، ػٖ أد ٢ فَٔر ه جٍ: ه جٍ أد ٞ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ث‬ ‫ثُ ْ ِْ(: ٍ ص وٌد ٞث‬ ‫ٓٞص جً ْ ثُ ٘جً، ٣ ؼ ٘٢ ثُ وم ٘ز‬ · Imam AbuJaafarasws said: you do not approach your dead with the fire, means „Al Dkhna‟ (smoking sticks, perfume impregnated sticks, agarbati).39 ٌ٤ ٔ‫.ٗ ل ٌ لا ًٓؾ٢ ٍ :لام (ٓ ِ ْ لا ٛ ٤ ِغ( لا هدغ ٣ ذأ ٗغ ،ٛ ذجف ٚأ ٝ ؼخ ٗغ ،ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػ‬ · Ibn Abi Omair, narrates from some of his friends that Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: Do not take smoking sticks near shroud.40 Leaving Two green twigs with the Grave: ( ٌ‫ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: أًأ٣ ش ثُ ٔ ٤ش إىث ٓجس ُ ْ ص ؾ ؼَ ٓؼٚ ثُ ؾٌ٣ ور ؟ ػٖ ًٍثًر ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ؽ ؼ ل‬ ٚ٘ ‫ك وجٍ: ٣ ضؾجك ٠ ػ‬ ،‫ثُ ؼيثح ٝثُ ق ْجح ٓج هثّ ثُ ؼٞه ً١ ذج، إٗ ٔج ثُ ق ْجح ٝثُ ؼيثح ًِ ٚ ك ٢ ٣ ّٞ ٝثفو ك ٢ ّجػز ٝثفور‬ ٌ‫ه وً ٓج ٣ ومَ ثُ و ذ‬ ٕ‫ٝ٣ ٌؽ غ ثُ وّٞ ، ٝإٗ ٔج ؽ ؼ ِش ثُ ْ ؼ ل ضجٕ ُ يُ ي ك َ ٣ ٚ ٤ ذٚ ػيثح ٍٝ ف ْجح د ؼو ؽ لٞك ٜٔج، إ‬ ‫ثٍ. ٕجء‬ · Zrara asked from Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws's father: If we do not keep green twigs with the dead then what would happen? Imamasws replied: These protect the dead from torture and interrogation as long as these are fresh. 36 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-151 37 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-151 38 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-15 39 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-20 40 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-147 10 www.hubeali.com Interrogation and the torture are conducted on day-one and within a single hour, the time it takes to lay down the body and to walk away from there. God willing, there will be neither questions nor torture after the twigs are dried41. ٖ‫٣ ق ٤٠ د ٖ ػ ذجهر ثُ ٔ ٌ٢، أٗ ٚ ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش ّ ل ٤جٕ ثُ غًٞ١ ٣ ْأٍ أد ج ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ػ‬ َ‫ثُ ضن ٞ ٤ٌ ؟ ك وجٍ: إٕ ًؽ‬

:ٚ‫ٖٓ ثُ ٘ ٚجً ٛ ِي ك أٝىٕ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( د ٔٞص ٚ، ك وجٍ ُ ٖٔ ٣ ِ ٤ٚ ٖٓ ه ٌثد ض‬ ‫م ٌٞٝث ٙجف ذ ٌْ، ك ٔج‬ ٜ‫ًر ص ٞ ٝغ ٖٓ أ َٙ ثُ ٤و٣ ٖ أه َ ثُ ٔن ٌٞ٣ ٖ ٣ ّٞ ثُ و ٤جٓز، ه جٍ: ٝٓج ثُ ضن ٞ ٤ٌ ؟ ه جٍ: ؽٌ٣ ور م‬ ‫إُ ٠ أ َٙ ثُ ضٌه ٞر‬ · Yahya Bin Obada Al Macci, that he said : I heard Sofyan Al Thouri asks Abu Jafarasws about the green twigs. Imamasws replied: Once a man from the true followers passed away. When the messenger of Allahsaww was informed of his death, Hesaww came out and asked one of dead‟s close relatives to put green twigs in his shroud, and also said there will be small number of people on Doomsday with green twigs. When asked: what are green twigs? Heasws replied, these are hand-length twigs which are kept with the dead in the shroud (this is because our opponents do not keep twigs with their dead). In another tradition, Imam Musa-e-Kazimasws explained: It is permissible to use green twigs from any tree, although branches from a date-tree are preferred.42 Imam Hussainasws‟s grave Dirt to Sprinkle on Shroud and in Grave: ٌ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ أفٔو د ٖ هثٝه، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ؽ ؼ ل‬ :ٍ‫ثُ قٔ ٤ٌ١ ه ج‬ ‫ًٙ، َٛ ً ش د ش إُ ٠ ثُ لن ٣ ٚ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( أ ّأُ ٚ ػٖ ١ ٤ٖ ثٍ ه ذٌ ٣ ٞ ٝغ ٓغ ثُ ْ ٣ ش ك ٢ ه خ‬ ‫٣ ؾٍٞ ى ُ ي أّ ٍ ؟ ك أؽجح‬‫ث ءثٓ ٕإ .ٟٕٙٝ ؿح ٍٟ ك١ٝ ،ًٙحم ١ف س١ ٍّث عّ عٛٝس :-ٝ ه ٌأس ثُ ضٞم ٣ غ ّٝ ٗ ٚ ٕ ّنش‬ ٢ ‫ٍ. ًٝٝثٙ ثُ ٢ ذٌ ّ٢ ك‬ (‫ٍٙطّ ،(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع( ٕثٍٍّث حؿثٗ ٕع ،ٙ١حأ ٕع ،ًفعػ ٕح ٍث هحع ٕح هّؿّ ٕع (ػثػسؿٍث‬ · Mohamed Bin Abdullah Bin Jaafar Al Hemyari says, he wrote to Imamasws, the scholar and enquired about the use of „qhaq-e-shifa‟ for the shroud and the grave. Imamasws answered after reading and signing his reply, yes, it is appreciated if it is put it in the grave and applied to the shroud mixed with Hanut: (its use will be) God willing. Another tradition from Imam e Asarajfj also reports the same.43 The way of shrouding and Laying Down the dead body: ،‫٣ ٞٗ ِ، ػ ْٜ٘ (ػ ِ ٤ْٜ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ ك ٢ ص ق ٘ ٤٠ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ٝص ٌ ل ٤ ٘ٚ، ه جٍ: ثد ْ٠ ثُ ق ذٌر د ْ٢ج‬ ْ ‫ع ْ ثد ْ٠ ػ ِ ٤ٜج ثُ َثً، ع‬ ٠ِ ‫ثد ْ٠ ثُ ؤ ٤٘ ػ ِ ٤ٚ، ٝص ٌه ٓ ووّ ثُ ؤ ٤٘ ػ ِ ٤ٚ، ع ْ ثػٔو إُ ٠ ً جك ًٞ ٓ ْقٞم ك ٞ ؼٚ ػ‬ ،ٙ‫ؽ ذٜ ضٚ ٓٞ ٝغ ّؾٞه‬ ٖ‫ه ٚ ٝٓ ٘ ٌ ذ ٤ٚ ٝثٓ ْـ د جُ ٌجك ًٞ ػ ِ٠ ؽٔ ٤غ ٓ لج ِٙ ٚ ٖٓ ه ٌٗ ٚ إُ ٠ ه وٓٚ، ٝك ٢ ًأ ّٚ ٝك ٢ ػ‬ َٚ ‫ٌٝٓثك وٚ، ٝك ٢ ً َ ٓ ل‬ ‫ٖٓ ٓ لج ِٙ ٚ ٖٓ ثُ ٤و٣ ٖ ٝثُ ٌؽ ِ ٤ٖ، ٝك ٢ ٝ ّ٠ ًثف ض ٤ٚ، ع ْ ٣ قَٔ ك ٤ٞ ٝغ ػ ِ٠ ه ٔ ٤ ٚٚ، ٝ٣ ٌه‬ ،ٚ٤ ِ ‫ٓ ووّ ثُ ؤ ٤٘ ػ‬ ،‫ٝ٣ ٌٕٞ ثُ ؤ ٤٘ ؿ ٤ٌ ٓ ٌ لٞف ٍٝ ًًَٓٝ، ٝ٣ ؾ ؼَ ُٚ ه ٢ ؼ ض ٤ٖ ٖٓ ؽٌ٣ و ثُ ٘نَ ً١ ذج ه وً ىًثع‬ ٖ٤ ‫٣ ؾ ؼَ ُٚ ٝثفور د‬ ‫٣ ِ٢ ثُ لني، ٝ٣ ؾ ؼَ ثُ نٌٟ ص قش إد ٢ٚ ثُ ٤ٖٔ، ٍٝ ًً ذ ض ٤ٚ، ٗ ٚق ٓٔج ٣ ِ٠ ثُ ْجم ٝٗ ٚق ٓٔج‬ ٍٝ ٚ ٣ٌ‫ص ؾ ؼَ ك ٢ ٓ ٘ن‬ ٠ِ ‫ك ٢ د ٌٚٙ ٝٓ ْجٓؼٚ ٍٝ ػ ِ٠ ٝؽٜٚ ه ٢ ٘ج ٍٝ ً جك ًٞث، ع ْ ٣ ؼْٔ، ٣ ؤمي ٝ ّ٠ ثُ ؼٔجٓز ك ٤ غ ٘٠ ػ‬ ْ ‫ًأ ّٚ د جُ ضوٝ٣ ٌ، ع‬ ٙ‫٣ ِ و٠ ك َٚ ثُ ٖن ثُ ٤ٖٔ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٤ ٌْ، ٝثُ ٤ ٌْ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٤ٖٔ، ع ْ ٣ ٔو ػ ِ٠ ٙوًٙ. ًٝٝث‬ ٖ ‫ثُ ٖ ٤ل د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٓقٔو د‬

ٚ ِ‫٣ ؼ وٞح ًٝ يث ً َ ٓج ه ذ‬ · Yunus narrates from masomeenasws regarding the giving shroud and putting on Camphor as: First spread the cloth, (i.e., Yamini chadar) then spread the loin cloth (lungi) on it and then spread the shirt ( so that its 41 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-152 42 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-21 43 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-29 11 www.hubeali.com coller area remains at the top) and then lay down the dead-body. Then resort to a crushed camphor then put it on body‟s forehead, at its prostration place, and wipe body by camphor, on all its joints, from palms to its feet (soles) and on its head and neck, its shoulders and its facilities and in each joint from its joints from both hands and the two legs, And in the middle of the body. Then lift the body in order to put shirt on with first putting shirt from head side. Make sure there are neither buttons nor cuffs on the shirt. Then prepare two fresh twigs of palm equivalent to the length of an arm and place one in such a way that is remains half between thighs and half between knees and the other twig is place under the right armpit. Also make sure neither camphor nor cotton is placed on body‟s nostrils, into eyes, into ears, and on its face. Then put on the turban by giving 2 to 4 folds around head by starting the cloth from the middle and leave left and right end on the chest.44 ٖٓ ‫ػٖ ّٔجػز، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إىث ً ل ٘ش ثُ ٔ ٤ش ك يً ػ ِ٠ ً َ ع ٞح ٕ ٤ تج‬ ًٞ ‫ىً٣ ٌر ًٝ جك‬ · It is narrated from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: When enshrouding the dead, sprinkle on each garment a pinch of ground Kafour.45 The funeral prayer: ‫ٝد جُ ْ ٘جه ػٖ ثُ ـ ُ ذ٢، ػٖ أ د ٢ ع د و ث ٍ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: س ً ذٌ، ع ْ ص ٖٜو{ ثُ ض ٖٜو ٓج‬ ٖ‫ٗ ن ُٚ أ د ٞ د ٚ ٤ٌ ػ‬ ٍ ٕ‫ ثُ ٚجهم (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٝٛٞ: د ْْ ثٍ ٝد جٍ ٝثُ قٔو ٍ ٝم ٤ٌ ثُ ْٔجء ً ِٜج ٍ، أ ٕٜو أ‬Q ٍ ٙ‫ثٍ ٝفو‬ ٍ‫إُ ٚ إ‬ ، Q ‫ ػ ذوٙ ًٝ ّٞ ُٚ، أً ِّ ٚ د جُ قن ػج ّ لا ه١ ٗ ٤خ‬m ‫ ٝٗ ي٣ ٌث‬m ‫ر، ٝأ ٕٜو إٔ ًد ٢ ٗ ؼْ ثُ ٌح‬ ‫ ٌٕ٣ ي ُٚ، ٝأ ٕٜو إٔ ٓقٔوث‬m ‫د ٖ ٤ٌث‬ ْ‫ ٗ ؼ‬m ٗٞ ُ‫ ٗ ؼْ ث‬Q ٢ ‫١ ٝٗ ؼْ ثُ ٔجّ، ثُ ِْٜ َٙ ػ ِ٠ ٓقٔو ٝآٍ ٓقٔو ٝص و ذَ ٕ لجػ ضٚ ك‬ ٕ‫ ٝأ‬Q ‫ ٓقٔوث‬m ‫ثُ ٌ ٍّٞ، ٝإٔ ػ ِ ٤ج‬ ٕ‫ث إُ ٤ٚ ًثؽ ؼٕٞ، ثُ قٔو ٍ ًح أٓ ضٚ ٝثًك غ هًؽ ضٚ، ثُ قٔو ٍ ًح ثُ ؼجُ ٔ ٤ٖ{، ع ْ ص وٍٞ: إٗ ج ٍ ٝإ‬ ‫ثُ ؼجُ ٔ ٤ٖ، ًح ثُ ٔٞس‬ ‫ٝثُ ق ٤جر، َٙ ػ ِ٠ ٓقٔو ٝأَٛ د ٤ ضٚ، ؽَٟ ثٍ ػ ٘ج ٓقٔوث م ٤ٌ ثُ ؾَثء د ٔج ٙ ٘غ د أٓ ضٚ، ٝد ٔج د ِؾ‬ ْ ‫ٖٓ ً ّجُ ش ًد ٚ، ع‬ ،‫ص وٍٞ: ثُ ِْٜ ػ ذوى ثد ٖ ػ ذوى ثد ٖ أٓ ضي، ٗ ج ٙ ٤ ضٚ د ٤وى، مَ ٖٓ ثُ وٗ ٤ج ٝثف ضجػ إُ ٠ ًفٔ ضي‬ ،ٚ ‫ٝأٗ ش ؿ ٘٢ ػٖ ػيثد‬ ٍ ‫ٗ ؼ ِْ ٓ ٘ٚ إٍ م ٤ٌث، ٝأٗ ش أػ ِْ د ٚ، ثُ ِْٜ إٕ ً جٕ ٓق ْ ٘ج ك َه ك ٢ إف ْجٗ ٚ ٝص و ذَ ٓ ٘ٚ، ثُ ِْٜ إٗ ج‬ ٌ‫ٝإٕ ً جٕ ٓ ْ ٤ تج ك جؿ ل‬ ٢ ‫ُٚ ىٗ ذٚ ٝثًفٔٚ ٝص ؾجٍٝ ػ ٘ٚ د ٌفٔ ضي، ثُ ِْٜ أُ ق وٚ د ٘ ذ ٤ي، ٝع ذ ضٚ د جُ وٍٞ ثُ غجد ش ك‬ ِْٜ ُ‫ثُ ق ٤جر ثُ وٗ ٤ج ٝك ٢ ثُ نٌر، ث‬

ْ٤ ‫ًد ٌش ٓظ ،ً ٞكغ ً ٞكغ ٜٓ ِ لا ،ث ّ ِي د ٘ج ٝد ٚ ّ ذ ٤َ ثُ ٜوٟ، ٝثٛوٗ ج ٝإ٣ جٙ ٌٙث١ي ثُ ٔ ْ ض و‬ ‫ثُ غجٗ ٤ز ٝص وٍٞ ٓ غَ ٓج ه ِش‬ ‫ف ض٠ ص لٌؽ ٖٓ مِٔ ص ٌ ذ ٤ٌثس‬ · From various references, Al Halabi narrates from Imam Abu Abdullahasws that Imamasws said: Say Takbeer then, recite Tashahud, In the name of Allahazwj and By Allahazwj and All praise due to Allahazwj and for the all best names of Allahazwj, I Testify that no god (exists) except Allahazwj alone, Who has no partner And I testify that Mohammedsaww is Hisazwj messenger, sent by Himazwj with truth, to reveal the good news and to warning against evil- for all the time, And I testify that Lord is most excellent Lord and Mohammedsaww the most excellent Messengersaww and Alisws the most excellent Divine Guardian and the Imam. Ya Allahazwj send blessings upon Mohammedsaww and the Mohammed's Familysws and accept theirasws intercession for us and raise Theirasws degree, all praise due to Allahazwj the Lordazwj of the Worlds. Then say: 46 ‫ٕٝعػثً ٙ١ٍإ ثٕإٝ ٍ ثٕإ‬ · Then recite the following supplication: To Allahazwj we belong, and to Himazwj is our return. (We are) thankful to the Lordazwj of the Worlds- Who is the 44 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-143 45 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-143 46 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-173 12 www.hubeali.com Lord of death and life, send blessings upon Mohammedsaww and Prophet's Familyasws. Allahazwj reward Mohammedsaww and his Alhul Baitsws with the best attributes for preaching Yourazwj people and showing them the good and then says : Ya Allahazwj, he is Yourazwj slave, son of Yourazwj salve and son of Yourazwj maid. He is free of this world and is dependent on Your mercy and Youazwj have no intention to torture him, Ya Allahazwj we only know his good deeds but Youazwj are more knowledgeable of his affairs, Ya Allahazwj if he was a good person then enhance his virtues prior to accepting them but if had offended Youazwj, through his actions then please forgive him and extend Yourazwj mercy to him and pardon him. Ya Allahazwj blessing him with the nearness to Your Prophetsaww and we pray for Your mercy in this life as well as in the hereafter, Ya Allahazwj we seek Your guidance, through Your preferred way, and keep us on the „Sirat-eMoustaqeem‟ The righteous Path, Ya Allahazwj please forgive us, please forgive us. Then say the Takbeer for second time and repeat the above prayer until finishing five Takbeers.47 Who Should Lead Salat-e-Janaza: ٠ِ ‫ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ د ؼٜ أ ٙقجد ٚ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٣ ٚ ِ٢ ػ‬ ،‫ثُ ؾ ٘جٍر أُٝ ٠ ثُ ٘جُ د ٜج‬ ‫أٝ ٣ أٌٓ ٖٓ ٣ قخ‬ · Ibn Youmeer narrates from several of his companions that Imam AbuAbdullahasws said : He should lead Salat-e-Janaza who is the closest family member/relative, or the one who is given permission by the nearest relative. 48

ٚٓ‫ك وٚ ثُ ٌ ٝج (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: " ٝثػ ِْ ثٕ أُٝ ٠ ثُ ٘جُ د جُ ٚ ِز ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ثُ ُٞ ٢ أٝ ٖٓ ه و‬ ّٞ‫ثُ ُٞ ٢، ك ئىث ً جٕ ك ٢ ثُ و‬ ٚٓ‫ثُ ُٞ ٢ ك ٜٞ ًؽَ ٖٓ د ٘٢ ٛج ْٕ ك ٜٞ أفن د جُ ٚ ِز إىث ه وٓٚ ثُ ُٞ ٢، ك جٕ ص ووّ ٖٓ ؿ ٤ٌ إٔ ٣ وو‬ ‫ثُ ـج ٙخ‬ · It is in Fiqh-E-Razaasws: The first right of leading salat-e-Janaza is the deceased‟s Wali (guardian( himself, or the one who is appointed by him. However, if a Hashemi/Syed is present then he should be given the preference to lead prayers than any one else. But if anyone leads funeral prayer, without the permission of Wali then he would be the „Ghasib‟ the usurper.49 Funeral prayer Antiquates: ٖ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ػٖ إ ّٔجػ ٤َ د ٖ ٌٜٓثٕ، ػٖ ّ ٤ق د‬ ٟ ‫ػٔ ٤ٌر، ػٖ أح‬ .‫ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٍ ٣ ٚ ِ٠ ػ ِ٠ ؽ ٘جٍر د قيثء، ٍٝ د أُ د جُ نق‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob narrates from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: do not pray on a funeral with shoes on, but there is no harm if one does not remove his socks.50 ٌ‫ٙ١ٍع ٍث ٍٟٗ( ٍث ًٍُٝ ٕثى :ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع(ػٖ ػٌٔٝ د ٖ ٌٕٔ، ػٖ ؽجد ٌ، ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ ل‬ ٖٓ ّٞ‫ٝآُ ٚ( ٣ و‬ ً‫ثُ ٌؽجٍ د ق ٤جٍ ثُ ٌْر، ٖٝٓ ثُ ٘ ْجء ٖٓ هٕٝ ىُ ي ه ذَ ثُ ٚو‬ 47 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-184 48 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-176 49 Fiqh-E-Razaasws 177 50 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-176 13 www.hubeali.com · Umro bin Shammr narrates from Imam AbuJafarasws: Messenger of Allahsaww would stand, while leading Salat-e-Janaza, facing the body's waist/navel area for men but for women facing upper body, chest area.51 ‫ُ ٠ ػٖ ػ ذو ثُ قٔ ٤و د ٖ ّ ؼو ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ثُ ق ْٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ثُ ؾ ٘جٍر ٣ نٌػ د ٜج ُٝ ْش ع‬ ‫ٝ ٝٞء، ك ئٕ ىٛ ذش‬ ٌٕٞ ‫أص ٞ ٝأ ك جص ض ٘٢ ثُ ٚ ِز، أ٣ ؾَ١ ُ ٢ إٔ أ ٙ ِ٢ ػ ِ ٤ٜج ٝأٗ ج ػ ِ٠ ؿ ٤ٌ ٝ ٝٞء ؟ ك وجٍ: ص‬ ٢ ُ‫ػ ِ٠ ١ٌٜ أفخ إ‬ · Abudul Hameed asked from Imam Al Hassan's fatherasws Shall I offer salateJanaza without ablution, under such conditions that if I perform ablution then I would miss the prayers altogether? Imamasws replied, yes, it is more important to offer prayers, which is preferable than acquiring purity.52 ‫د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ثُ ل َٞ د ٖ ٕجىثٕ، ػٖ ثُ ٌ ٝج (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إٗ ٔج ؽٍٞٗ ج ثُ ٚ ِز ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔ ٤ش‬ ِ٤ ُ ٚ٘ ُ ‫د ـ ٤ٌ ٝ ٝٞء‬ ‫ً ً ٞع ٍٝ ّؾٞه، ٝإٕ ٓج ٛ٢ هػج ٝٓ ْأُ ز، ٝ ه و ١ ؽٍٞ إٔ ص وػٞ ث ٍ ٝص ْأُ ٚ ػ ِ٠ أ١ فجٍ ى ك ٢ ٛج‬ ‫ٗ ش، ٝإٕ ٓج ١ ؽخ‬ ‫ثُ ٞ ٝٞء ك ٢ ثُ ٚ ِز ثُ ض٢ ك ٤ٜج ًً ٞع ٝ ّؾٞه‬ · Imam Ali Razaasws said : It is allowed to offer salat-e-janaza without an ablution because, one is not required to bow down and perform prostration, in this case one should join prayer for dead person‟s sake and offer prayers to Allahazwj on behalf of the deceased. But it is compulsory to

offer salat with ablution for those prayers in which one has to perform bowing and prostration.53 ٠ّ ٞٓ ٖ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ ك ٢ ً ضجح (ثُ ـ ٤ ذز( د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ مجُ و، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذجه، ػ‬ ،‫د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠ د ٖ مجُ و‬ ،‫إٔ أد ج إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ ُ ٤ق ٤٠: ٣ ج د ج ػ ِ٢، أٗ ج ٓ ٤ش ٝإٗ ٔج د و٢ ٖٓ أؽ ِ٢ أ ّ ذٞع‬ ّٞ ٣ ٢٘ ‫ك جً ضْ ٓٞص ٢ ٝثة ض‬ ،ٟ‫ثُ ؾٔ ؼز ػ ٘و ثُ َٝثٍ، ٝ َٙ ػ ِ٢ أٗ ش ٝأُٝ ٤جة ٢ ك ٌثه‬ · Mohammed bin Alhassan narrates from Imam Abu-Ibrahimasws (Imam Musa-e-Kazimasws), who said: O Ba Ali, I am going to leave this world after one week, but do not reveal this to anyone. Come back here on next Friday and offer salat (Janaza) individually (Farada).54 ٖ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ٤ ْ٠، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ٌْ، ػٖ ػ ذو ثُ ٌفٖٔ د‬ ٢ ‫ثُ ؼٌٍٓ٢، ػٖ أد‬ ٌ‫ػ ذو ثٍ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٙ ِ ٤ش م ِق أ د ٢ ػ ذو ث ٍ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ػ ِ٠ ؽ ٘جٍر ف ً ذ‬ َ ً ٢ ‫مٔ ْج، ٣ ٌ ك غ ٣ وٙ ك‬ .‫ص ٌ ذ ٤ٌر‬ · I prayed behind Imam Abu Abdullahasws on a funeral then he extolled Greatness of Allah five times then raises his hand in each direction exclaiming God is great.55 No Need to Offer Salat-e-Janaza of a Child Under 6 years: ،‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ غ ه ٞح، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ٤ ْ٠، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ مجُ و‬ ٖ٤ ْ ‫د ٖ ّ ؼ ٤وٝثُ ق‬ ٢٘ ‫ؽٔ ٤ ؼج، ػٖ ثُ ٘ ٌٞ د ٖ ّٞ٣ و، ػٖ ٣ ق ٤٠ د ٖ ػٌٔثٕ، ػٖ ثد ٖ ٓ ْ ٌجٕ، ػٖ ًٍثًر ه جٍ: ٓجس د‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ُ ذ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ‬ ّ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ك أم ذٌ د ٔٞص ٚ ك أٌٓ د ٚ ك ـ َْ ًٝ لٖ ٝٓ ٖ٠ ٓؼٚ ٝ ٙ ِ٠ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝ١ٌفش مٌٔر ك وج‬ ٌٙ‫ػ ِ ٤ٜج، ع ْ ه جّ ػ ِ٠ ه ذ‬ ّ‫ث أٗ ٚ ُ ْ ٣ ٌٖ ٣ ٚ ِ٠ ف ض٠ ك ٌؽ ٓ ٘ٚ، ع ْ ثٗ ٌٚف ٝثٗ ٌٚك ش ٓؼٚ ف ض٠ أٗ ٢ ُ ٔ ٖ٢ ٓؼٚ ك وجٍ: أ‬ ٖ ‫ػ ِ٠ ٓ غَ ٛيث ًٝ جٕ ثد‬ ‫ع ِظ ّ ٘ ٤ٖ، ً جٕ ػ ِ٢ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٣ أٌٓ د ٚ ك ٤وك ٖ ٍٝ ٣ ٚ ِ٠ ػ ِ ٤ٚ، ُٝ ٌٖ ثُ ٘جُ ٙ ٘ ؼٞث‬ ،ٚ ِ‫ٕ ٤ تج ك ٘قٖ ٗ ٚ ٘غ ٓ غ‬ ‫ه جٍ: ه ِش: ك ٔ ض٠ ص ؾخ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ٚ ِز ؟ ك وجٍ: إىث ػ وَ ثُ ٚ ِز ًٝ جٕ ثد ٖ ّش ّ ٘ ٤ٖ، ثُ قو٣ ظ‬ 51 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-119 52 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-110 53 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-111 54 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-128 55 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-93 14 www.hubeali.com · Zrara says, once a child of Imam Abu Jafarasws passed away. Imamasws was informed about the death. Imamasws asked for the „Gusal and Kafan‟ for the deceased, afterwards Imamasws took part in the procession of Coffin and offer „Salat-e-Janaza‟ on it. A mat was laid down for the Imamasws , on that mat Imamasws stood for a while and he stood for some time near the grave and then left the graveyard. I started walking after Imamasws, Imamasws started talking to me and told me that it was not a custom to offer salat on children of this age, the age of three. Imam Aliasws did not offer prayers on

children of this age and asked people to bury them after giving them „Ghusal and Kafan‟ but later on people started offering prayers on the children of this age and now it has become a social obligation to recite prayers on children of this age. I asked what is the age of a child when it becomes obligatory to offer „Salat-e-Janaza‟? Imamasws replied, it‟s the age when a child would start understanding salat, a child of six years old.56 Praying on the weak and Ignorant: ِْ ْ ُ‫،(ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ًٍثًر ٝٓقٔو د ٖ ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬ ‫أٗ ٚ ه جٍ: ثُ ٚ ِز‬ ٠‫ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔ ْ ض ٞ ؼق ٝثُ ي١ ٍ ٣ ؼٌف ٓيٛ ذٚ: ص ٚ ِ٢ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٘ ذ٢ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٝ٣ وػ‬ ،‫ُ ِٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ ٝثُ ٔؤٓ ٘جس‬ ‫ٝ٣ وجٍ: ثُ ِْٜ ثؿ لٌ ُ ِي٣ ٖ ص جد ٞث ٝثص ذ ؼٞث ّ ذ ٤ ِي ٝه ْٜ ػيثح ثُ ؾق ٤ْ، ٝ٣ وجٍ ك ٢ ثُ ٚ ِز‬ ِْٜ ُ‫ػ ِ٠ ٖٓ ٍ ٣ ؼٌف ٓيٛ ذٚ: ث‬ ‫ّ ُٝ ٜج ٓج ص ُٞ ش، ٝثف ٌٖٛج ٓغ ٖٓ أف ذشإٕ ٛيٙ ثُ ٘ لِ أٗ ش أف ٤ ٤ ضٜج ٝأٗ ش أٓ ضٜج، ث هلل‬ · Zara and Mohammed bin Muslim narrate from Imam Mohammed Baqirasws that Imamasws said: Salat for the „Almustazaif‟-who do not have good understanding of the religion; offer his „salat‟ by sending Salawat on Prophetsaww and ask for forgiveness for Momaneen-o-Momanat, but when offering salat (Janaza) on an ignorant say: Ya Allah forgive the ones who repented and followed your way and protect them from the torture of hell. And when praying on those whose belief is not known to you, say: Ya Allah, this Nafs (person) whom you had given life and you have given death: Resurrect him with those who he praised and destine him with those whom he had loved.57 Salat-e-Janaza on the Enemies of Islam and Hypocrites: ٚ٤ ِ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ػ ذ ٤و ثٍ د ٖ ػ ِ٢ ثُ ق ِ ذ٢، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ‬ ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إىث ٙ ِ ٤ش‬ ،‫ػ ِ٠ ػوٝ ثٍ ك وَ: ثُ َ ْٛ إ ٗ ج ٍ ٗ ؼ ِْ ّ ٗ ٚ إٍ أ ٗ ٚ ػوٝ ُ ي ُٝ ٌ ُّٞ ي، ثُ َ ْٛ ك جفٔ ه ذٌٙ ٗ جًث‬ ،‫ٝثفٔ ؽٞك ٚ ٗ جًث‬ ‫،ً ٤ ذٖ ص ٤خ ُٜأ ٝ ـ ذ ٤ٞ ،ٝػؾَ د ٚ إُ ٠ ثُ ٘جً، ك ئٗ ٚ ً جٕ ٣ ٞثُ ٢ أػوثءى، ٝ٣ ؼجه١ أُٝ ٤جة ي‬ ‫ثُ ِْٜ ٝ ٤ن ػ ِ ٤ٚ ه ذٌٙ، ك ئىث‬ ٚ ًَ ‫ًك غ ك وَ: ثُ ِْٜ ٍ ص ٌك ؼٚ ٍٝ ص‬ · It is narrated from Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq that when offering „Salat-e-Janaza‟ on the enemy of Allahazwj, then instead of asking for forgiveness ask for Allahazwj‟s wrath for him and say: Ya Allahazwj we do not know more about him but, nevertheless he is an enemy of Youazwj and of Your messengersaww, Ya Allahazwj fill his grave with an exorbitant fire, and engulf his heart in fire, and hasten his end into the fire, it was supportive of your enemies, and it antagonizes your devotees. And held animosity against Yourazwj prophetsaww and Prophet's Familyasws, Ya Allahazwj make his grave uncomfortable for him. When his coffin is carried away, say: Ya Allahazwj , I am not on his side and do not approve him.58 56 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-95 57 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-67 58 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-176 15

www.hubeali.com Walking with Funeral: ٖ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ إ ّٔجػ ٤َ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د‬ ٖ‫ػيثك ٌ، ػ‬ ٖ‫أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ثُ ٔ ٖ٢ م ِق ثُ ؾ ٘جٍر أك َٞ ٖٓ ثُ ٔ ٖ٢ إ ّقجم د ٖ ػٔجً، ػ‬ ‫د ٤ٖ ٣ و٣ ٜج‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said : Walking behind funeral is better than walking in front of it.59 ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ، ػٖ ثُ ٔ ل ٤و، ػٖ ثُ ٚوٝم، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ، ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ إهً٣ ِ، ػٖ ٓقٔو‬ ‫ٕد ٖ أفٔو ح‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫٣ ق ٤٠، ػٖ ثُ ٘ٞك ِ٢، ػٖ ثُ ْ ٌٞٗ ٢، ػٖ ؽ ؼ لٌ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ آد جة ٚ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ (ػ ِ ٤ْٜ ث‬ ٢‫ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش ثُ ٘ ذ‬ (ٍٟٗ ‫حثسىٍث ٍٙأ ثٝفٍثك ،ّىعحسس ٍٝ رٍثٕػٍث ٝعحسث :ٍٝم١ (ٍٙآٝ ٙ١ٍع ٍث‬ · Mohammed bin alHassan narrated from a chain of narrators that I heard from Imam Aliasws that Prophetasws advised (his companions) to walk behind a funeral instead of walking in front of it, unlike the people of the book (majusi used to walk in front of funeral).60 ٢ ‫ٝػٖ أد ٢ ػ ِ٢ ثُ ٖ ؼٌ١، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذو ثُ ؾ ذجً، ػٖ ثُ قؾجٍ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ٕؾٌر، ػٖ أد‬ ٞ ُ‫ك جء ثُ ٌٔثه١، ػٖث‬ ٔٔ٤ ِ ‫ّو٣ ٌ، ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٖٓ أفخ إٔ ٣ ٔ ٖ٢ ٓٔ ٖ٠ ثُ ٌٌثّ ثُ ٌجص ذ ٤ٖ ك‬ ٢‫ؽ ٘ ذ‬ · Imam AbuJaafarasws said: Those who love the path of the Nobles should walk in the wake of a funeral.61 ‫ٗخ ٗ ٤ ْـ ٝ ،ًٝٓغ ٗخ هٓقْ ٗغ ،ٝػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ أًٝٓز‬ ،١ٌ‫أفٔو ثُ ٔ ٘ و‬ ٍٝ ،‫ػٖ ٣ ٞٗ ِ د ٖ ظ ذ ٤جٕ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: إٓٔ أٓجّ ؽ ٘جٍر ثُ ٔ ْ ِْ ثُ ؼجًف‬ ‫ص ٔٔ أٓجّ ؽ ٘جٍر‬ ‫ثُ ؾجفو، ك ئٕ أٓجّ ؽ ٘جٍر ثُ ٔ ْ ِْ ٓ ِ ت ٌز ٣ ٌْػٕٞ د ٚ إُ ٠ ثُ ؾ ٘ز ٝإٕ أٓجّ ؽ ٘جٍر ثُ ٌجك ٌ ٓ ِ ت ٌز‬ ً‫٣ ٌْػٕٞ د ٚ إُ ٠ ثُ ٘ج‬ · Imam Abi Abdullahasws said: Neither walk in front of the funeral of a pious Muslim, nor stroll in front of the coffin of the one who denies us, in front of the funeral of a Momin Muslim, angels are there to accelerate its entrance into the paradise whereas angles are present in front of the infidel‟s funeral quickly take him/her to the hell-fire.62 The ways of lifting of funeral: ٌٚ ٗ ٢ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ إهً٣ ِ ك ٢ (آمٌ ثُ ٌْثة ٌ( ٗ وَ ٖٓ ً ضجح (ثُ ؾجٓغ( ُ قٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ أد‬ ٢ ‫ثُ ذَٗ ٢٢، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد‬ ٞٛٝ ،ٖٔ٤ ُ‫٣ ؼ لًٞ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ثُ ْ ٘ز إٔ ص ْ ض و ذَ ثُ ؾ ٘جٍر ٖٓ ؽجٗ ذٜج ث‬ ْ ‫ٓٔج ٣ ِ٢ ٣ ْجًى، ع‬ .ٚٓ‫ص ٚ ٤ٌ إُ ٠ ٓؤمٌٙ ٝص وًٝ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ف ض٠ ص ٌؽ غ إُ ٠ ٓ وو‬ · Imam Abu Abdullahasws said:- The preferred way of lifting funeral is start from front left side of funeral (taking it on your right shoulder) then same rear side, and walk from behind to the right rear side of the funeral (taking it on your left shoulder) and in the end right front side of the funeral63 59 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-169 60 Al-Tahzeeb Vol-1.Page-311

61 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-148 62 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-169 63 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-155 16 www.hubeali.com Walking and Burial Procedures: ٠ِ ٚ ٣ ٠‫ػٖ أد ٢ د ٚ ٤ٌ، ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش أد ج ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٣ وٍٞ: ٖٓ ٓ ٖ٠ ٓغ ؽ ٘جٍر ف ض‬ ُٚ ٕ‫ػ ِ ٤ٜج ع ْ ًؽ غ ً ج‬ .‫ه ٤ٌثٟ (ٖٓ ثُ ؾٌ( ك ئىث ٓ ٖ٠ ٓؼٜج ف ض٠ ص وك ٖ ً جٕ ُٚ ه ٤ٌث١جٕ، ٝثُ و ٤ٌثٟ ٓ غَ ؽ ذَ أفو‬ · It is narrated from Imam Abu Jaafarasws: the one who walks with a funeral until his salat-e-Janaza is offered, he gets reward of one „Kirat‟ but the one who walks with it until the body is buried, gets two „Kirat‟. The „kirat‟ is like mountain of Auhad.64 ،‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٕ ؼ ٤خ د ٖ ٝث ه و، ػٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ٖ ٍ ٣ و، ػٖ ثُ ٚجهم‬ ٖ‫آ د جة ٚ (ػ ِ٢ ْٛػ‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫إٔ ثُ ٘ ذ٢ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ه جٍ: ٖٓ ٙ ِ٠ ػ ِ٠ ٓ ٤ش ٙ ِ٠ -ك ٢ فو٣ ظ ثُ ٔ ٘جٛ٢ -ث‬ ‫ػ ِ ٤ٚ ّ ذ ؼٕٞ أُ ق‬ ُٚ ٕ‫ٓ ِي، ٝؿ لٌ ثٍ ُٚ ٓج ص ووّ ٖٓ ىٗ ذٚ ٝٓج ص أمٌ، ك ئٕ ه جّ ف ض٠ ٣ وك ٖ ٝ٣ ق غ٠ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ضٌثح ً ج‬ ٟ‫د ٌَ ه وّ ٗ و ِٜج ه ٤ٌث‬ ‫ٖٓ ثُ ؾٌ، ٝثُ و ٤ٌثٟ ٓ غَ ؽ ذَ أفو‬ · It is narrated Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws, through a chain of narrators, that Rasool Allahsaww said who prays for a deceased, seventy thousand angels invoke peace upon him, if he does not leave dead body until coffin is buried then Allah forgives his previous and future sins. Participating until coffin is covered with dust has the reward like the mountain of Uhad.65 The reward for digging grave: ٍ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ ك ٢ (ػ وجح ثُ ؼٔجٍ( د ئ ّ ٘جه ص ووّ ك ٢ ػ ٤جهر ثُ ٌٔ٣ ٜ ػٖ ً ٍّٞ ث‬ (ٍٟٗ ‫(ٍٙآٝ ٙ١ٍع ٍث‬ ‫ه جٍ: ٖٓ ثف ض لٌ ُ ٔ ْ ِْ ه ذٌث ٓق ض ْ ذج فٌٓٚ ثٍ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٘جً ٝد ٞأٙ د ٤ ضج ٖٓ ثُ ؾ ٘ز، ٝأًٝهٙ فٞ ٝج‬ ‫ك ٤ٚ ٖٓ ثُ ذجً٣ ن ػوه‬ (ٕ‫ءثعٕٗٝ رٍ١أ ٕ١ح ثّ ًٙٛع (ءثٍُّث ّٝػ‬ · It is narrated from Prophet Mohammedsaww: Whoever digs grave for a Muslim with the intention of pleasing Allahazwj. Allahazwj will prohibit fire on him and reward him a house in the paradise. And will allow him to drink from spring of Kusar which has cups equal to the number of stars and the width of that spring is between cities of Alae and Sana (two cities of yemen).66 - ،‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ ّ ٤ق د ٖ ػٔ ٤ٌر‬ ،‫ػٖ ّ ؼو د ٖ ١ٌ٣ ق‬ ّٞ ٣ ٠ ُ‫ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٖٓ ف لٌ ُ ٔ ٤ش ه ذٌث ً جٕ ً ٖٔ د ٞثٙ د ٤ ضج ٓٞثك وج إ‬ ‫ثُ و ٤جٓز‬ · It is narrated from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: Digging a grave for the deceased is like constructing a house for him from where he will be resurrected on the Doom‟s day.67 The depth of grave:

ٍ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثُ ٘ٞك ِ٢، ػٖ ثُ ْ ٌٞٗ ٢ ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫ٕأ (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ٝ ٚ٤ ِ ‫آُ ٚ( ٗ ٜ٠ إٔ ٣ ؼٔن ثُ و ذٌ ك ٞم ع ِ غز أىًعثُ ٘ ذ٢ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob says, Imam AbuAbdullahasws told us that Prophetsaww has forbidden us to bury a coffin any deeper than three arms‟ length.68 64 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-145 65 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-146 66 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-160 67 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-165 68 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-166 17 www.hubeali.com Recommended Burial Procedure: ‫ٝػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ػ ذوٕٝ ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ َد ٤ٌ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ك ٞجٍ، ػٖ أ٣ ٞح‬ ‫د ٖ ٗ ٞؿ، ػٖ ٓقٔو‬ ١ ‫٣ ؼ ٘٢ أد ج ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ - ٙوم ػ ِ٠ ثٍ د ٖ ّ ٘جٕ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػؾ ِٖ ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش ٙجهه ج‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ه جٍ: إىث -ث‬ ،‫ؽ تش د جُ ٔ ٤ش إُ ٠ ه ذٌٙ ك َ ص لوفٚ د و ذٌٙ، ُٝ ٌٖ ٝ ؼٚ هٕٝ ه ذٌٙ د يًثػ ٤ٖ أٝ ع ِ غز أىًع‬ ٍٝ ٌ‫ٝهػٚ ف ض٠ ٣ ضأٛخ ُ ِ و ذ‬ ‫ص لوفٚ د ٚ، ثُ قو٣ ظ‬ · It is narrated from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: Do not bury a coffin straight away but put it down between two to three arms‟ length prior to lowering it down into the prepared grave, say final farewell to the deceased and slowly put the coffin into it as you are preparing him (for his final destination).69 ْ‫ه د ٖ أفٔو ثُ نٌث ّجٗ ٢، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ٣ ٞٗ ِ ه جٍ: ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ٓقٔو، ػٖ ٓق‬ ٖ‫فو٣ ظ ّٔ ؼ ضٚ ػ‬ ‫أ د ٢ ثُ ق ْٖ ٓٞ ّ٠ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٓج ىً ٌ ص ٚ ٝأ ٗ ج ك ٢ ح ٣ ش إٍ ٝجم ػ ِ٢، ٣ وٍٞ: إىث أس ٣ ش‬ ٌ‫د جُ ٔ ٤ش إُ ٠ ٕ ل ٤ٌ ثُ و ذ‬ ٍ‫ك أِٜٓ ٚ ّجػز ك ئٗ ٚ ٣ أمي أٛ ذ ضٚ ُ ِ ْؤث‬ · Ali bin Mohammed reports from Mohammed bin Ahmed who from his father that he heard it from Imam Abul Hassan Musaasws to prepare the dead, by holding it near the edge of its grave so that he/she will recognise his/her new accommodation, where he/she will be residing, except it has become narrower and to allow for some time there in order for him to get ready to face questions.70 Recitation after Burial: - ٖ٤ ٢‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ٣ و‬ ْٖ ‫ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش أد ج ثُ ق‬ (‫ُٝ ٤ش ػٞى د جٍ ٖٓ -ٍ إُ ٠ إٔ ه ج - رّ ثّعٍث ى١ ٍعٝ ًحم ٍث ١ف ٍٍٕ س ٍ :ٍٝم ١ (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ ٍع‬ ‫ثُ ٖ ٤٢جٕ ثُ ٌؽ ٤ْ ُٝ ٤ وٌأ‬ ٙ‫ك جص قز ثُ ي ص جح ٝثُ ْ ػٞىص ٤ٖ ٝ ه َ ٛٞ ثٍ أفو ٝآ ٣ ز ثُ ٌٌ ّ٢، ٝإٕ ه وً إٔ ٣ ق ٌْ ػٖ مو‬ ،َ‫ٝ٣ ِ ٚ وٚ د جُ ٌٛ ك ِ ٤ق ػ‬ ٚ‫ُٝ ٤ ض ٖٜو ُٝ ٤يً ٌ ٓج ٣ ؼ ِْ ف ض٠ ٣ ٘ ضٜ٢ إُ ٠ ٙجف ذ‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob says, Imam Abul Hassanasws said: Do not enter

into the grave with wearing turban. And further added: Seek refuge from Allahazwj , from the accursed Satan and read the „Al-Hamd‟ and two more verses „Al-Mu`awwidha‟ and „Al-Iqlas‟ and the verse of „Al-Kursy‟. Turn dead body so that its right cheek touches ground and read out to him the two testimonies along with the, name by name of all Imamsasws till the name of Imam-e-Zamanaajtf.71 ِٖ ‫أٗ ٚ ّٔغ أد ج ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٣ وٍٞ: ك ئىث أهم ِ ضٚ إُ ٠ -ك ٢ فو٣ ظ -ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػؾ‬ ٠ ُٝ‫ه ذٌٙ ك ِ ٤ ٌٖ أ‬ ٖ‫موٙ ُٝ ٤ ِ ٚن موٙ د جُ ٌٛ، ُٝ ٤يً ٌ ث ّْ ثٍ، ُٝ ٤ ض ؼٞى ٖٓ ثُ ٘جُ د ٚ ػ ٘و ًأ ّٚ، ُٝ ٤ق ٌْ ػ‬ ‫ثُ ٖ ٤٢جٕ، ُٝ ٤ وٌأ ك جص قز‬ ‫ثُ ٌ ضجح ٝه َ ٛٞ ثٍ أفو ٝثُ ٔ ؼٞىص ٤ٖ ٝآ٣ ز ثُ ٌٌ ّ٢، ع ْ ُ ٤ وَ: ٓج ٣ ؼ ِْ ٝ٣ ْٔ ؼٚ ص ِ و ٤ ٘ٚ: ٕٜجهر‬ ٕ‫إٔ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، ٝأ‬ ‫ٓقٔوث ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ(، ٝ٣ يً ٌ ُٚ ٓج ٣ ؼ ِْ ٝثفوث ٝثفوث‬ · Mohammed bin Ajlan says that he had heard it from Imam AbuAbdullahasws: The nearest relative should enter with the body in the grave when lowering down dead body in grave. Lose up shroud from face and put down the right cheek on the ground. Recite Bismillah and seek refuge of Allahazwj from (mischief of( Satin, recite „Al-Hamd‟, „Iqlas‟,‟ Muazatin and „Ayath Alkursi‟. Then remind him the verdicts, There is no 69 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-168 70 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-168 71 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-192 18 www.hubeali.com God but Allah and that Mohammedsaww the messenger of Allah, and name by name of all Imamsasws till the name of Imam-e-Zamanaajfj.72 ٖ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ك ٞجٍ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ًٍثًر، ػ‬ ،ٌ٤ ٔ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ أد ٢ ػ‬ ٝ ،٢‫ك ٢ -ٓقٔو د ٖ ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ػٖ فٔجه د ٖ ػ غٔجٕ، ػٖ ػ ذ ٤وثٍ ثُ ق ِ ذ‬ ‫ه جٍ: -فو٣ ظ‬ .ٌ‫ص ٞ ٝأ إىث أهم ِش ثُ ٔ ٤ش ثُ و ذ‬ · Mohammed bin al-Hassan says, he heard it from Imam Abu Abdullahasws: One better be with ablution while lowing the dead body into grave.73 ‫ً١، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذو ثُ ؾ ذجً، ػٖ ٙ لٞثٕ د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠، ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ِ٢ ثُ ٖغ‬ ،ٖ ٣ًٍ ٖ ‫ػٖ ثُ ؼَء د‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ٔج (ػ ِ ٤ٜٔج ث‬ ٛ‫ه جٍ: ه ِش ُٚ: ٖٓ أهمَ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ثُ و ذٌ -ك ٢ فو٣ ظ -ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ أفو‬ ‫ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝ ٝٞء ؟‬ .‫ه جٍ: ٍ، إٍ إٔ ٣ ضٞ ٝأ ٖٓ ص ٌثح ثُ و ذٌ إٕ ٕجء‬ · The narrator asked from Imamasws: One should really has to be with ablution prior to lowering dead body? Imamasws replied no, but one should try to be, if possible, otherwise to perform Tayammum from the grave dust.74 Be Humble When Lowering Downing Dead Body: ٖ‫ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ٣ و٢ ٤ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػ‬ ْٖ ‫ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش أد ج ثُ ق‬

ٍٝ ‫ثُ ٍٞ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ١ ه ٍٞ: ٍ س ٗ ٍَ ك ٢ ثٍ ه ذٌ ٝػَ ٣ ي ثُ ؼٔج ٓز ٝثُ و ِ ٘ ْٞر ٍٝ ثٍ فيثء‬ ،‫ثُ ٢ ٤ ِ ْجٕ، ٝف َِ أًٍثًى‬ ‫ٝد يُ ي ّ ٘ز ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ؽٌس، ثُ قو٣ ظ‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob narrates that Ali bin Yaqteen heard it from Imam Musa-Kazimasws: Do not enter into the grave wearing turban, cap, shoes and Al-Tilsan (a type of green shawl), also loosen your shirt buttons (from top, a sign of grief). This is the sunnath of Rasool Allahsaww.75 ‫ٕ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٍ ص ٍَ٘ ثُ و ذٌ ٝػ ِ ٤ي ثُ ؼٔجٓز ٍٝ ػٖ أد ٢ د ٌٌ ثُ ق ٌٞٓ٢، ع‬ ‫ثُ و ِ ٘ ْٞر ٍٝ ًهثء‬ ‫ٍٝ فيثء، ٝف َِ أًٍثًى ه جٍ: ه ِش ٝثُ نق ه جٍ: ٍ د أُ د جُ نق ك ٢ ٝه ش ثُ ًٌٞٝر ٝثُ ض و ٤ز‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: One should go into grave for burial without turban or head scarf as well as without robe and shoes: I enquired about socks, Imamasws replied, one may wear socks if he fears harm (from cold).76 Climbing Up from Grave After Burial: ٍ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثُ ٘ٞك ِ٢، ػٖ ثُ ْ ٌٞٗ ٢، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫:ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ٖ٤ ِ ‫ٖٓ همَ ثُ و ذٌ ك َ ٣ نٌػ إٍ ٖٓ ه ذَ ثُ ٌؽ‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws said: One should come out of grave (after laying down the dead body) only from south side (feet side) of the grave.77 Wali Decides on Who and How Many Enter into the grave: ٢ ‫ػ ِ٢ ثُ ٖ ؼٌ١، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ذو ثُ ؾ ذجً، ػٖ ػ ذو ثٍ ثُ قؾجٍ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ أد‬ ،ٕٞٔ٤ ٓ ٖ ‫ع ؼ ِ ذز د‬ ‫ػٖ ًٍثًر أٗ ٚ ّأٍ أد ج ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ػٖ ثُ و ذٌ ً ْ ٣ ومِ ٚ ؟ ه جٍ: ىثى إُ ٠ ثُ ُٞ ٢، إٕ ٕجء‬ ،‫أهمَ ٝص ٌث‬ 72 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-175 73 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-193 74 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-160 75 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-192 76 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-192 77 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-193 19 www.hubeali.com · Mohammed bin Yahiya narrates through a chain of narrators that Zrara asked from Imam AbuAbdullahasws „How many people may enter into a grave for burial purpose? Imamasws replied: This is up to the wali, even and odd numbers may be allowed.78 Lowering Down Direction of Dead Body Depends on Gender: ،٢‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ فٔجه، ػٖ ثُ ق ِ ذ‬ ٍ‫ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫إىث أص ٤ش د جُ ٔ ٤ش ثُ و ذٌ ك ِْ ٚ ٖٓ ه ذَ ًؽ ِ ٤ٚ، ثُ قو٣ ظ. :ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ · It is referred to Imam AbuAbdullahasws: Lower down dead body from feet side into a grave.79 ‫ه جٍ ثُ ٌ ِ٢ ٗ ٢: ٝ ك ٢ ًٝث ٣ ز أ مٌٟ ه جٍ ً ٍّٞ ث ٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ث ٍ ػَ ٣ ٚ ٝآ ُٚ(: إٕ ٍ ً َ ح ٣ ش د ج‬ َ ‫د ج ٝإٕ د جح ثٍ ه ذٌ ٖٓ م د‬ ٍ‫ًؽ ِ ٤ٖ.ث‬ · Al Kulini says, in another narration from the messenger of Allahsaww: Each

house has a front door and grave‟s door is at south side (feet side(.80 ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ ك ٢ (ثُ ن ٚجٍ( د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ثُ ؼٔٔ، ػٖ ؽ ؼ لٌ د ٖ ٓقٔو (ػ ِ ٤ٜٔج‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ك ٢ فو٣ ظ -ث‬ ‫ه جٍ: ٝثُ ٔ ٤ش ٣ َْ ٖٓ ه ذَ ًؽ ِ ٤ٚ َّ، ٝثُ ٌٔأر ص ؤمي د جُ ؼٌٛ ٖٓ ه ذَ ثُ ِقو، -ُ و٣ ٖ ٌٕث٣ غ ث‬ ْ٘ ْ ‫ٝثُ و ذًٞ ص ٌد غ ٍٝ ص‬ · Imam Jafar bin Mohammedasws told during a talk on religious rulings that dead body of a man is laid down in a grave from the south side (feet side) but for ladies it has to be from the Al-Lahad side (Qibla), after laying down pray for the dead prior to levelling the ground.81 ٖ‫ٝد ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ، ػٖ ّ ؼو د ٖ ػ ذو ثٍ، ػٖ أد ٢ ثُ ؾٍٞثء ثُ ٔ ٘ ذٚ د ٖ ػ ذو ثٍ، ػ‬ ،ٕ‫ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ٖ ػ ِٞث‬ ٚ ‫ٜٓ ٤ ِغ( د لاٟ ٣ ذأ ٗخ ٣ ِغ ٗ ٤ ٘ٔؤٓ لا ً٣ٔأ ٗغ ،ػٖ ػٌٔٝ د ٖ مجُ و، ػٖ ٍ٣ و د ٖ ػ ِ٢، ػٖ آد جة‬ َْ ٣ :ٍ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ه ج‬ ‫ثُ ٌؽَ َّ ٝص ْ ض و ذَ ثُ ٌٔأر ث ّ ض و ذجٍ، ٝ٣ ٌٕٞ أُٝ ٠ ثُ ٘جُ د جُ ٌٔأر ك ٢ ٓؤمٌٛج‬ · The prince of faithfuls, Ali bin Abi Talibasws says : A man‟s body is lowered down into a grave from (south side) and Women from Qibla side and the nearest relative would hold the lower side of the body.82 Recommended Prayers During Lowering the Dead Body: ،٢‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ فٔجه، ػٖ ثُ ق ِ ذ‬ ٍ‫ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ث‬ (‫ثُ و ذٌ ك ِْ ٚ ٖٓ ه ذَ ًؽ ِ ٤ٚ ك ئىث ٝ ٝ ؼ ضٚ ك ٢ ثُ و ذٌ س١ٍّثح س١سأ ثىإ :ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ْْ ‫ك جه ٌأ آ٣ ز ثُ ٌٌ ّ٢ ٝه َ: " د‬ ٚ‫ثٍ ٝك ٢ ّ ذ ٤َ ثٍ ٝػ ِ٠ ٓ ِز ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ، ثُ ِْٜ ثك ْـ ُٚ ك ٢ ه ذٌٙ ٝأُ ق و‬ ‫د ٘ ذ ٤ٚ " ٝه َ: ً ٔج‬ ‫ه ِش ك ٢ ثُ ٚ ِز ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٌٓر ٝثفور ٖٓ ػ ٘و " ثُ ِْٜ إٕ ً جٕ ٓق ْ ٘ج ك َه ك ٢ إف ْجٗ ٚ، ٝإٕ ً جٕ ٓ ْ ٤ تج‬ ٚٔ‫ك جؿ لٌ ُٚ ٝثًف‬ َ‫ٝص ؾجٍٝ ػ ٘ٚ " ٝث ّ ض ـ لٌ ُٚ ٓج ث ّ ض٢ ؼش، ه جٍ: ًٝ جٕ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( إىث (أهم‬ :ٍ‫ثُ ٔ ٤ش ثُ و ذٌ( ه ج‬ .‫ثُ ِْٜ ؽجف ثُ ٌٛ ػٖ ؽ ٘ ذ ٤ٚ ٝ ٙجػو ػِٔ ٚ ُٝ وٚ ٓ ٘ي ً ٝٞثٗ ج‬ · Imam Abubdullahasws said : Lower down a man‟s body from feet side while reciting the Verse of „Al-Kursy, and say : " In the name of Allah and for the sake of God and the messenger of Allahsaww, Ya Allahazwj make room for him in his grave for the sake of Yourazwj Prophetsaww "And say: As already recited during the salat-e-janaza. Ya Allahazwj, if he was sincere then increase 78 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-184 79 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-181 80 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-182 81 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-182 82 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-188 20 www.hubeali.com yours favours, and if he was offensive then forgive him and have Yourazwj mercy on him and forgive him. And seek forgiveness for him as much as possible. Imam Ali Bin Al Husseinasws used to recite the following when lowering down dead body for burial: Ya Allahazwj expand his grave from its sides and accept his deeds with higher rewards and greet him with your

blessings.83 ٖ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو، ػٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ٓق ذٞح، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ّ ٘جٕ، ػ‬ ً‫إ ّقجم د ٖ ػٔج‬ ٠ِ ‫ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼش أد ج ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٣ وٍٞ: إىث ٗ َُ ش ك ٢ ه ذٌ ك وَ: " د ْْ ثٍ ٝد جٍ ٝػ‬ ٍ‫ٍٟٗ( ٓ ِز ً ٍّٞ ث‬ ‫ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( " ع ْ ص َْ ثُ ٔ ٤ش َّ، ك ئىث ٝ ٝ ؼ ضٚ ك ٢ ه ذٌٙ ك قَ ػ ووص ٚ ٝه َ: " ثُ ِْٜ ٣ ج ًح‬ ‫ػ ذوى ثد ٖ ػ ذوى ٗ ٍَ د ي‬ ،ٚ٘ ‫ٝأٗ ش م ٤ٌ ٓ ٍَ٘ٝ د ٚ، ثُ ِْٜ إٕ ً جٕ ٓق ْ ٘ج ك َه ك ٢ إف ْجٗ ٚ، ٝإٕ ً جٕ ٓ ْ ٤ تج ك ضؾجٍٝ ػ‬ ٠ِ ٙ ( ‫ٝأُ ق وٚ د ٘ ذ ٤ٚ ٓقٔو‬ ٌٙ ٠ ُ‫ثٟ ٓ ْ ض و ٤ْ، ثُ ِْٜ ػ لٞى ػ لٞى ". ع ْ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٝ ٙجُ ـ ٕ ٤ ؼ ضٚ، ٝثٛوٗ ج ٝإ٣ جٙ إ‬ ٠ِ ‫ص ٞغ ٣ وى ثُ ٤ ٌْٟ ػ‬ ٍ‫ػ ٞوٙ ثُ ٤ ٌْ ٝص قًٌ ٚ ص قٌ٣ ٌج ٕو٣ وث ع ْ ص وٍٞ: " ٣ ج ك ِٖ ثد ٖ ك ِٖ إىث ّ ت ِش ك وَ: ث‬ ِْ ْ ُ‫ًد ٢، ٝٓقٔو ٗ ذ ٤٢، ٝث‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ه٣ ٘٢، ٝثُ وٌإٓ ً ضجد ٢، ٝػ ِ٢ إٓجٓ٢ " ف ض٠ ص ْٞم ثُ تٔز (ػ ِ ٤ْٜ ثُ ْ ِْ(، ع ْ ص ؼ ٤و ػ‬ ‫ثُ وٍٞ، ع ْ ص وٍٞ: " أك ٜٔش‬ َ ‫ٕ " ه جٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ك ئٗ ٚ ٣ ؾ ٤خ ٝ٣ وٍٞ: ٗ ؼْ،٣ ج ك‬ ٖ٤ ‫ع ْ ص وٍٞ: " ع ذ ضي ثٍ د جُ وٍٞ ثُ غجد ش، ٝٛوثى ثٍ إُ ٠ ٌٙثٟ ٓ ْ ض و ٤ْ، ػٌف ثٍ د ٤ ٘ي ٝد‬ ٖٓ ٌ‫أُٝ ٤جة ي ك ٢ ٓ ْ ض و‬ ،‫ًفٔ ضٚ " ع ْ ص وٍٞ: " ثُ ِْٜ ؽجف ثُ ٌٛ ػٖ ؽ ذ ٤ ٘ٚ، ٝأ ٙ ؼو د ٌٝفٚ إُ ٤ي، ُٝ و ٘ٚ ٓ ٘ي د ٌٛجٗ ج‬ ." ‫ثُ ِْٜ ػ لٞى ػ لٞى‬ ٍ‫ٍ د ٖ، ك ٔج ه ٓش ص ٞغ ثُ َ د ٖ ٝثُ ٢ ٤ٖ ص وٍٞ: " ثُ َ ْٛ َٙ ٝفوص ٚ، ٝآ ٗ ِ ع ْ ص ٞغ ثُ ٢ ٤ٖ ٝث‬ ،ٚ‫ٝف ٖ ضٚ، ٝآ ٖٓ ًٝػ ض‬ ْ ‫ٝأ ّ ٌٖ إُ ٤ٚ ٖٓ ًفٔ ضي ًفٔز ص ـ ٘ ٤ٚ د ٜج ػٖ ًفٔز ٖٓ ّٞثى، ك ئٗ ٔج ًفٔ ضي ُ ِظجُ ٔ ٤ٖ "، ع‬ :ٍٞ‫ص نٌػ ٖٓ ثُ و ذٌ ٝص و‬ " ‫ك ٢ ٙحمع ٍٟع فٍكثٝ ،ٕ١١ٍع ٍٟعأ ١ف ٙسػًه عفًث ٍٍّٙث ،ٕٝعػثً ٙ١ٍإ ثٕإٝ ٍ ثٕإ‬ ‫ثُ ـجد ٌ٣ ٖ، ٝػ ٘وى ٗ ق ض ْ ذٚ ٣ ج‬ ." ٖ٤ ٔ ُ‫ًح ثُ ؼج‬ · Mohammed bin al-Hassan says, I heard AbuAbdullahasws: Recite the following upon entering into a grave: "In the name of Allahazwj and by Allahazwj and on the Messengersaww of Allah‟s religion. "When you rest the body untie the shroud, and recite: Ya Allah, Ya Allah he was among Your worshipers, was Your slave, son of Your slave, he awaits Your mercy and You are the best reliever, Ya Allahazwj if he were Your devout believer, please increase Yourazwj favours, but if he were among arrogants then please forgive him. Then puts your left hand on its left upper arm and shake it firmly then say: O! so-and-so and the son of a so-and-so upon being asked, reply: Allah is Lord, and Mohamedsaww is my prophet, and Islam is my religion, and the Quran is book and I follow Imam Aliasws …..until Imam-e-zamanaajfj. Then congratulates him saying,: " I explained, O so-and-so " Imamasws said, he answers back to you as, “I heard” Then say " may Allahazwj keep you firm in your words, and Allahazwj guide you to the Right path, may Allahazwj‟s and His Waliasws‟s mercy be on you in this dwelling."" Then says: " Ya Allahazwj expand the land around his/her forehead, and make him comfortable, and he has learnt about Yourazwj proof, Ya Allah pardon him as You are the most forgiving ". Then start

covering (the coffin) with clay and the stones, and keep on reciting the following prayer as long as you are covering it (coffin) with the earth: Ya Allah I pray for the sake of Your unity, and I am familiar with it and long for Your approval, he believed in Your splendour, and he lodged to it from Yourazwj mercy, he is not expecting mercy from anyone other than Youazwj” Then come out of the grave and says: " To Allahazwj we belong, and to 83 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-177 21 www.hubeali.com Himazwj is our return, Ya Allahazwj raise its degree in the loftiest status, and compensate him as You find it appropriate, O the Lord of the Worlds "84 ‫ٕ ثُ ذن ضٌ١ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ ف ل٘ ح‬ ‫ٝؿ ٤ٌٙ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو‬ ٙ‫ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٣ ٌٌٙ ُ ٌِؽَ إٔ ٣ ٍَ٘ ك ٢ ه ذٌ ُٝ و‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob says that he has heard from Imam AbuAbdullahasws that father should refrain from resting his son‟s body in the grave, but son can bury his father.85 ‫د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ٝػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ ٓقٔو‬ ،٢ِ ‫ؽٔ ٤ ؼج، ػٖ ثُ ٘ٞك‬ ‫ػٖ ثُ ْ ٌٞٗ ٢، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ه جٍ أٓ ٤ٌ ثُ ٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ٓ ٞش‬ ٍ‫ثُ ْ ٘ز ٖٓ ً ٍّٞ ث‬ (ٍٟٗ ‫ثٙسث١ؿ ١ف ثٙثً١ ٕثى ّٕ ٍإ ثًٙحم ٍكه١ ٍ رأًٍّث ٕأ (ٍٙآٝ ٙ١ٍع ٍث‬ · Imam AbuAbdullahasws says, Amir-ul-Momaneenasws narrates from Rasool Allahsaww that a woman should be buried by the person who was allowed to see her during her life time (Mahram). 86 :ٍ‫٣ ٌٕٞ أُٝ ٠ ٝه و ّ ذن فو٣ ظ ٍ٣ و د ٖ ػ ِ٢، ػٖ آد جة ٚ، ػٖ أٓ ٤ٌ ثُ ٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه ج‬ ٢ ‫ثُ ٘جُ د جُ ٌٔأر ك‬ .‫ٓؤمٌٛج‬ · Zaid narrates from his ancestors who from Amir-ul-Momaneenasws: The nearest relative of woman could hold the lower side of her dead body. 87 Son or Near Relatives should not throw Dust on the Grave: ‫ُ ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح د ٖ ٣ َ٣ و، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ أ ّ ذجٟ، ػٖ ػ ذ ٤و ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ع‬ ‫د ٖ ًٍثًر ه جٍ: ٓجس‬ ‫ُ ذ ؼٜ أ ٙقجح أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ُٝ و ك ق ٌٞ أد ٞ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(، ك ِٔج أُ قو‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ص ووّ أد ٞٙ ك ٢ٌؿ ػ‬ ٚ٘ ٓ ٕ‫ىث ثُ ضٌثح، ك أمي أد ٞ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( د ٌ ل ٤ٚ ٝه جٍ: ٍ ص ٢ٌؿ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ضٌثح، ٖٝٓ ً ج‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ًفْ ك َ ٣ ٢ٌؿ ػ‬ ،‫ثُ ضٌثح، ك ئٕ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٗ ٜ٠ إٔ ٣ ٢ٌؿ ثُ ٞثُ و أٝ ىٝ ًفْ ػ ِ٠ ٓ ٤ ضٚ ثُ ضٌثح‬ ٍّٞ ً ٖ ‫ك و ِ ٘ج: ٣ ج د‬ ‫ثٍ، أص ٜ٘جٗ ج ػٖ ٛيث ٝفوٙ ؟ ك وجٍ: أٗ ٜجً ْ إٔ ص ٢ٌفٞث ثُ ضٌثح ػ ِ٠ ىٝ١ أًفجٓ ٌْ، ك ئٕ ىُ ي ٣ ًٞط‬ ،‫ثُ و ْٞر ك ٢ ثُ و ِخ‬ ..ٚ ‫ٖٝٓ ه ْج ه ِ ذٚ د ؼو ٖٓ ًد‬ · Ebeid Bin Zrara says: Once a son of a companion of Imam AbuAbdullahasws passed away. Imam Abu Abdullahasws attended the funeral. When they buried the boy, his father went forward to put the dust on the grave but Imamasws held him back and told him that you or your near

relative should refrain from putting the clay on the grave. Rasool Allahsaww has forbidden father and blood relatives to put soil on the grave. They asked, Ya Son of Rasool Allahasws is it for him only? . Imamasws replied: I forbid all of you, do not throw dust on your near ones‟ graves as it makes heart stiff and whose heart becomes merciless he is unable to worship his Lordazwjs appreciably.88 It is preferred to push the clay from back side of hand: ‫ًثػ، ػٖ ػٌٔ د ٖ أى٣ ٘ز ه جٍ: ًأ٣ ش أد ج ػ ذو ٝػ ٘ٚ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٢ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ ؽٔ ٤َ د ٖ ه‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬ :ٍ‫٣ ٢ٌؿ ثُ ضٌثح ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ك ٤ٔ ْ ٌٚ ّجػز ك ٢ ٣ وٙ، ع ْ ٣ ٢ٌفٚ ٍٝ ٣ َ٣ و ػ ِ٠ ع ِ غز أً ق، ه ج‬ ‫ك ْأُ ضٚ ػٖ ىُ ي ك وجٍ: ٣ ج‬ ُٚ ٞ ‫ػٌٔ ى ٗ ش أ ه ٍٞ: " إ٣ ٔج ٗ ج د ي، ٝص ٚو٣ وج د ذغ ع ي، ٛيث ٓج ٝػو ثٍ ًٝ ّٞ ُٚ، إُ ٠ ه‬‫ػَٝص ْ ِ ٤ٔج " ٌٛيث ً جٕ ٣ ق‬ ‫ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٝد ٚ ؽٌس ثُ ْ ٘ز‬ 84 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-180 85 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-193 86 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-193 87 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-188 88 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-199 22 www.hubeali.com · Ummer bin Azeena says, I saw Imam AbuAbdullahasws would hold clay in his hand and recite something before dropping it on the grave, Imamasws did it three times. He says, I enquired about this practice. Imamasws replied: O Omar! Iasws was reciting: Have firm belief and believe in your resurrection, this is what Allahazwj and its messengersaww promised. Remember and greet these words, that‟s what messenger of Allahasws used to say and this has become his tradition.89 Make Use of the Same Grave Clay for Burial: ٖ ُ‫ٝك ِ٢، ػٖ ثُ ْ ٌٞٗ ٢، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ث‬ (‫ٕأ ،(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ٚ٘ ٓ ‫ثُ ٘ ذ٢ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٗ ٜ٠ إٔ ٣ َثه ػ ِ٠ ثُ و ذٌ ص ٌثح ُ ْ ٣ نٌػ‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob narrates from Imam AbuAbdullahasws that Rasool Allahasws has forbidden to put earth on the grave which has not been taken out from it.90 Installation of Grave Stone: ،ٚ ٣ِٞ ٤ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ ك ٢ ً ضجح (إً ٔجٍ ثُ و٣ ٖ ٝإص ٔجّ ثُ ٘ ؼٔز(: ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ ٓجؽ‬ ، ٠٤ ‫ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ق‬ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ٙ١ٍع( ١هٍّٙث ّأ ٕأ :-ك ٢ فو٣ ظ -ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ِ٢ ثُ ن ٤ًَثٗ ٢، ػٖ ؽجً٣ ز ُ ذ٢ ٓقٔو (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬ ٢ ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ٓجص ش ك‬ ٢ ‫ٓقٔو (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ٝػ ِ٠ ه ذٌٛج ُ ٞؿ ٓ ٌ ضٞح ػ ِ ٤ٚ: ٛيث ه ذٌ أّ ٓقٔو (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(.ف ٤جر أد‬ · It is narrated from Al Mahdi's motherasws that the mother of Imam AbuMohamedasws passed away during Imamasws„s life time. Imamasws wrote on her grave: this is the grave of Mohammedasws‟s mother.91 ‫ٝػٖ ػور ٖٓ أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ َّٜ د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ػٖ ثد ٖ ٓق ذٞح، ػٖ ٣ ٞٗ ِ د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح ه جٍ: ُ ٔج ًؽ غ‬ ٟ ُٞٓ ْٖ ‫أد ٞ ثُ ق‬

(‫ٙ١ٍثّٝ ٛعح ًّأٝ ثٕٙفهف ،ه١فح ،رٕحث ٍٙ سسثّ رٕ١هٍّث ٍٟإ ّٟٛٝ هثهؽح ّٕ (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ‫إٔ ٣ ؾ ٚ٘ ه ذٌٛج ٝ٣ ٌش ح‬ ٌ‫ػ ِ٠ ُ ٞؿ ث ّٜٔج ٝ٣ ؾ ؼِ ٚ ك ٢ ثُ و ذ‬ · Yunus Bin Yacoub narrates, Abul Hassan Mousaasws returned from Baghdad and went to the Medina when one of Imamasws‟s daughter passed away. After burial, Imamasws asked some of Hisasws slaves to white wash the grave and write the name on a tablet and fixed it on the grave.92 The dictation to the dead by Wali (Guardian): ْٖ ‫ٝد ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ، ػٖ ّ ؼو د ٖ ػ ذو ثٍ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ ٝأفٔو د ٖ ثُ ق‬ ،ٍ‫د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ك ٞج‬ ٖ‫ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ػ و ذز ٝىد ٤جٕ د ٖ ف ٌ ٤ْ، ػٖ ٓٞ ّ٠ د ٖ أً ٤َ، ػٖ ػٌٔٝ د ٖ ٌٕٔ، ػ‬ ٢ ‫ؽجد ٌ د ٖ ٣ َ٣ و، ػٖ أد‬ ‫ُ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٓج ػ ِ٠ أفوً ْ إىث هك ٖ ٓ ٤ ضٚ ٝ ّٟٞ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝثٗ ٌٚف ػٖ ه ذٌٙ إٔ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ع‬ :ٍٞ‫٣ ضن ِق ػ ٘و ه ذٌٙ ع ْ ٣ و‬ ٕ‫٣ ج ك ِٖ د ٖ ك ِٖ، أٗ ش ػ ِ٠ ثُ ؼٜو ثُ ي١ ػٜوٗ جى د ٚ ٖٓ ٕٜجهر إٔ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، ٝأ‬ ِٖ ‫ٓقٔوث ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ(، ٝإٔ ػ ِ ٤ج أٓ ٤ٌ ثُ ٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( إٓجٓي، ٝك‬ ‫ص ٠ ٣ أص ٢ٝك ِٖ، ؿ‬ ٚ٤ ُ‫ػ ِ٠ آمٌْٛ ؟ ! ك ئٗ ٚ إىث ك ؼَ ىُ ي ه جٍ أفو ثُ ٔ ِ ٌ ٤ٖ ُ ٚجف ذٚ: ه و ً ل ٤ ٘ج ثُ ٞ ٍٙٞ إ‬ ،ٚ‫ٝٓ ْأُ ض ٘ج إ٣ جٙ، ك ئٗ ٚ ه و ُ وٖ فؾ ض‬ ٚ٤ ُ‫ك ٤ ٘ ٌٚك جٕ ػ ٘ٚ ٍٝ ٣ وم ِٖ إ‬ · Imam Abu Abdullahasws said : one of you should stay behind at the grave (when others leave after burial) then says: O so-and-so, the son of soandso, you know that you have taken an oath regarding the „Shahadateen‟ (three or more verdicts( that there is no god but Allah, and 89 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-198 90 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-202 91 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-203 92 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-202 23 www.hubeali.com that Mohammedasws is the messenger of Allahazwj and Aliasws is the Amirulmomaneenasws of the believers and your Imam, and (Hassanasws( ( … recite until the name of the last Imam(atfj) are your Imamsasws. Upon reciting this, one of the angels says to the other: we are satisfied with the arrival of this person regarding answers to our questions from him, he has now been fully taught. They, then turn away from him and do not enter into his grave.93 ٍ‫ف ْ ٤ٖ ك ٢ (ثُ ؼ َِ( ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ د ؼٜ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ث‬ ‫أ ٙقجد ٘ج، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو‬ ‫ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٣ ٘ ذ ـ٢ إٔ ٣ ضن ِق ػ ٘و ه ذٌ ثُ ٔ ٤ش أُٝ ٠ ثُ ٘جُ د ٚ د ؼو ثٗ ٌٚثف‬ ٠ِ ‫ثُ ٘جُ ػ ٘ٚ، ٝ٣ و ذٜ ػ‬ ٌٙ‫ثُ ضٌثح د ٌ ل ٤ٚ ٝ٣ ِ و ٘ٚ د ٌك ٤غ ٙٞص ٚ، ك ئىث ك ؼَ ىُ ي ً ل٠ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ثُ ٔ ْأُ ز ك ٢ ه ذ‬ · It is narrated form Imam Abu Abdullahasws that Imamasws said one (next of kin) should stay behind, at the grave after burial and when others leave, he should pick-up some dust from the grave and remind the dead with

loud voice (as he is listening to him) the shahadat, upon doing so, he will save the dead from the questions he was about to face.94 Spraying water on the grave: ٖٓ ‫ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ َْ( ه جٍ: ثُ ْ ٘ز ك ٢ ًٓ ثُ ٔجء ػ ِ٠ ثُ و ذٌ إٔ ص ْ ض و ذَ ثُ و ذ ِز ٝص ذوأ‬ ،َ‫ػ ٘و ثُ ٌأُ إُ ٠ ػ ٘و ثُ ٌؽ‬ ١ ْ ‫ًٓ ػ ِ٠ ٝ ّ٠ ثُ و ذٌ، ك ٌيُ ي ثُ ْ ٘ز.ع ْ ص وًٝ ػ ِ٠ ثُ و ذٌ ٖٓ ثُ ؾجٗ خ ثُ نٌ، ع‬ · It is narrated from Imam Abu Abdullahasws: It is „sunna‟ to sprinkle water on the grave while facing the kiblah, start from the head side and come down to the feet side and then go around to the other side and sprinkle water in the middle of the grave. 95 ٖ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػٌٔ د ٖ ػ ذو ثُ ؼَ٣ َ ثُ ٌ ٖ٢ ك ٢ ً ضجح (ثُ ٌؽجٍ(: ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْٖ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د‬ ‫ثُ ُٞ ٤و، إٕ ٙجفخ‬ ٢ِ ‫ثُ ٔ و ذٌر ّأُ ٚ ػٖ ه ذٌ ٣ ٞٗ ِ د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح ٝه جٍ: ٖٓ ٙجفخ ٛيث ثُ و ذٌ ؟ ك جٕ أد ج ثُ ق ْٖ ػ‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫د ٖ ٓٞ ّ٠ ثُ ٌ ٝج (ػ‬ ‫د ٌٙ أًد ؼ ٤ٖ ٌٕٜث، أٝ أًد ؼ ٤ٖ ٣ ٞٓج، ك ٢ ً َ ٣ ّٞ ٌٓرثُ ْ ِْ( ٝأ ٙجٗ ٢ د ٚ أٌٓٗ ٢ إٔ أًٓ م‬ · Yunus bin yaqoob narrates from Imam Abul Hassan Ali Bin Mousa Razaasws that Imamasws asked me to clean and sprinkle water on myasws grave for forty days or forty months.96 ‫ٕ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ثد ٖ أد ٠ ػٔ ٤ٌ، ػٖ ػٌٔ د ٖ أى٣ ٘ز، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ع‬ ٌ‫ًٍثًر، ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ ل‬ (‫رٗثك ّٓثٙ ١ٕح ّٕ سثّ ّٕح عٕٗ١ (ٍٙآٝ ٙ١ٍع ٍث ٍٟٗ( ٍث ًٍُٝ ٕثى :ٍثم (ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع‬ ‫ٕ ٤ تج ٍ ٣ ٚ ٘ ؼٚ د أفو‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ٖٓ ثُ ٔ ْ ِٔ ٤ٖ: ً جٕ إىث ٙ ِ٠ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٜج ٕٔ٢ ٝٗ ٞـ ه ذٌٙ د جُ ٔجء ٝ ٝغ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ‬ ٠ِ ‫ٝآُ ٚ( ً لٚ ػ‬ ٍ‫ه ذٌ ف ض٠ ص ٌٟ أ ٙجد ؼٚ ك ٢ ثُ ٢ ٤ٖ، ك ٌجٕ ثُ ـٌ٣ خ ٣ ووّ أٝ ثُ ٔ ْجك ٌ ٖٓ أَٛ ثُ ٔو٣ ٘ز ك ٤ٌٟ ث‬ ‫ثُ و ذٌ ثُ ؾو٣ و ػ ِ ٤ٚ أع ٌ ً ق‬ (ٚ ُ‫ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ك ٤ وٍٞ: ٖٓ ٓجس ٖٓ آٍ ٓقٔو ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآ‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob narrates from Imam Abu Jafarasws:, When someone from the children of Hashemasws would pass away, the messenger of Allahsaww used to do some special rituals, which hesaww never did for any other Muslim. After praying for Hashemite, the messenger of Allahasws would spray water on the grave and leave an impression of his palms by pressing both his hands with open fingers at the surface of the grave. The impression of fingers used to be so clear that any one from 93 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-201 94 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-202 95 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-195 96 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-197 24 www.hubeali.com madina or any other traveller, when would recognise the imprint and say this is the grave of the children of Mohammedsaww.97 The Shape and Height of the Grave: ،‫ػٖ أد جٕ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼ وٞح، ػٖ فٔ ٤و د ٖ ٍ٣ جه، ػٖ ثُ ق ْٖ د ٖ ٓقٔو، ػٖ ؿ ٤ٌ ٝثفو‬ ٢ ‫ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ أد‬

‫ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ٣ وػج ُ ِٔ ٤ش ف ٤ٖ ٣ ومَ ف لٌص ٚ، ٝ٣ ٌك غ ثُ و ذٌ ك ٞم ثُ ٌٛ أًد غ‬ ‫أ ٙجد غ‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqoob says through a chain of narrators that Imam Abu Jafarasws (Imam Mohammed Baqirasws) said: When you bury measws, raise myasws grave over the ground level by four fingers‟ height (approximately 4 inches).98 ‫ٝػ ٘ٚ، ػٖ ّ ِٔز د ٖ ثُ ن٢جح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ّ ٤ق، ػٖ أ د ٢ ثُ ْ ؿٌث، ػٖ ػن د ز د ٖ د ٖ ٤ٌ، ػٖ أ‬ ٚ ٣ َ‫د ٢ ؽ غ ك ٌ (ػ‬ ٢٘ ‫ك ٢ ٛيث ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ه جٍ ثُ ٘ ذ٢ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ُ ؼ ِ٢ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ٣ ج ػ ِ٢، ثهك‬ ٖٓ ١ٌ‫ثُ ٔ ٌجٕ، ٝثًك غ ه ذ‬ .‫ثُ ٌٛ أًد غ أ ٙجد غ، ًٝٓ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٖٓ ثُ ٔجء‬ · It is narrated from Imam Abu Jafarasws that Prophetsaww left a will with Imam Aliasws to bury himsaww in that place, and raise hissaww grave from the land by four fingers, and spray water on it.99 ‫ػٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ٖ ثُ ُٞ ٤و، ػٖٔ ىً ٌٙ، ػٖ أد ٢ ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(، ه جٍ: ه ِش: ُ ٢ ػ ِز ٣ ٌد غ‬ ،‫ثُ و ذٌ ؟ ه جٍ: ُ ؼ ِز ثُ ذ ٤ش‬ ‫ُ ٘ٚ ٗ ٍَ ٌٓد ؼج‬ · Imam Abu Abdullahasws was asked: Why graves are built in this shape (square) and what is the logic behind it? Imamasws replied, because Kabbah descended in this shape.100 Recommendations After burial of the deceased: ٕ‫ثُ ْ ٤و ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ١جُٝٝ ك ٢ ك ِـ ثُ ْجة َ: ػٖ في٣ لز د ٖ ثُ ٤ٔج‬ ،‫ه جٍ: ه جٍ ً ٍّٞ ث ٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ث ٍ ػَ ٣ ٚ ٝآ ُٚ(: " ٍ ٣ أص ٢ ع ُ ٠ ثُ ْ ٣ ش ّجػز ث ٕو ٖٓ ثٍٝ ُ ٢ ُ ز‬ ْ ً‫ك جًفٔٞث ٓٞ ص ج‬ ٕ‫ُ ْ ص ؾوٝث ك ِ ٤ َٚ ثفوً ْ ًً ؼ ض ٤ٖ، ٣ وٌأ ك ٢ ثُ ُٞ ٠ د لجص قز ثُ ٌ ضجح ٌٓر د جُ ٚوه ز، ك ج‬ ٢ ‫ٝه َ ٛٞ ثٍ ثفو ٌٓص ٤ٖ، ٝك‬ ‫ثُ غجٗ ٤ز ك جص قز ثُ ٌ ضجح ٌٓر ٝثُ ٜجً ْ ثُ ض ٌجع ٌ ػ ٌٖ ٌٓثس، ٝ٣ ْ ِْ ٝ٣ وٍٞ: ثُ ِْٜ َٙ ػ ِ٠ ٓقٔو‬ ‫ٝآٍ ٓقٔو، ٝثد ؼظ ع ٞثد ٜج‬ ٌٙ‫ٓغ ً َ ٓ ِي إُ ٠ ه ذٌ ىُ ي ثُ ٔ ٤ش ك ِٖ د ٖ ك ِٖ، ك ٤ ذ ؼظ ثٍ ٖٓ ّجػ ضٚ ثُ ق ٓ ِي إُ ٠ ه ذ‬ ٖٓ ٌٙ‫ع ٞح ٝف ِز، ٝ٣ ٞ ّغ ه ذ‬ ،‫ثُ ٞ ٤ن إُ ٠ ٣ ّٞ ٣ ٘ لل ك ٢ ثُ ًٚٞ، ٝ٣ ؼ٢٠ ثُ ٔ ٚ ِ٢ د ؼوه ٓج ١ ِ ؼش ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ِٖٔ ف ْ ٘جس‬ ‫ٝص ٌك غ ُٚ ثًد ؼٕٞ هًؽز‬ · Syed Ali bin Tayous writes in Falah alSayal that Rasool Allahsaww said, the most difficult time a deceased is going to face is during the first night, if you want to help him then offer on his/her behalf „Saddiqa‟ (elms(, if you cannot afford it then one of you may recite two rak'ah salat, reciting after Alhamd in the frist Raqat Sura-e-Qulhowalla twice and in the second Raqat, after reciting Alfaiha,10 times Sura-e-Kausar, after finishing salat Say: Ya Allah invoke peace upon Mohamed and the Muhammad's Family, and I forward its reward to the grave of that dead, the so-and-so and son of so-and-so, Allah sends from that instance, one thousand angels to his/her grave with each holding a grand garment and a pan with gifts, and it widens its grave from the boredom to Day when the Trumpet will be sounded, And he is given the prayer by the number of what on him the sun emerged good deeds, and an abstinence of him is forty degrees.101 97 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-198

98 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-201 99 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-192 100 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-195 101 Mustadrekul wasail V-8 P-167 25 www.hubeali.com Visiting the Graveyard: ‫ٝح، ػٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ إد ٌثٛ ٤ْ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ثُ ٔ ـ ٤ٌر، ػٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٣ ؼن‬ ‫ّ ٘جٕ ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ػ ذو‬ ً‫ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ً ٤ق ثُ ض ْ ِ ٤ْ ػ ِ٠ أَٛ ثُ و ذًٞ ؟ ك وجٍ: ٗ ؼْ ص وٍٞ: ثُ ْ ِْ ػ ِ٠ أَٛ ثُ و٣ ج‬ ٖ٤ ِٔ ْ ٔ ُ‫ٖٓ ثُ ٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ ٝث‬ ٖ‫د ٌْ ُ ق وٕٞ -إٕ ٕجء ثٍ -أٗ ضْ ُ ٘ج ك ٌٟ ٝٗ ق‬ · Mohammed bin Yaqub, who from Ali bin Ibrahim, who from his father, who from Abudullah bin alMughara, who from Abdullah bin Sanan, who asked from Imam Abu Abdullah I asked Abi Abdullahasws: how shall we greet the people of graves? Imamasws replied: Say, peace be upon you: O people of another world, among the Momaneen and Muslameen, the pleased ones and the ones in sadness, God willing we too will be joining you.102 ِْ ْ ُ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ ه جٍ: ه جٍ ثُ ٚجهم (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: إىث هم ِش ثُ ؾ ذجٗ ز ك وَ: ث‬ ‫ػ ِ٠ أَٛ ثُ ؾ ٘ز‬ · Mohammed bin Ali al-Hussain narrates from Imam Al-Sadiqasws: When you enter into the cemetery then say: Peace upon the companions of Paradise.103 َٛ ٍ (ِْ ْ ُ‫ػٖ ح ػٜ ٓؤٍ ك جس ث ٙقجد ٘ج، ٗ جه َ ػٖ ثُ ٔق ٣ و (ًؿ ٓٚ ث ٍ(، ه ػجء ع ُ ٢ (ػَ ٣ ٚ ث‬ ٍ‫ثُ ن د ًٞ: " د ْْ ث‬ ٠ِ ‫أَٛ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، ٖٓ أَٛ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ ٣ ج أَٛ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، د قن ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، ثُ ٌفٖٔ ثُ ٌف ٤ْ، ثُ ْ ِْ ػ‬ ‫ً ٤ق‬ ‫ٝ ؽوص ْ ه ٍٞ ٍ إ ُٚ إٍ ث ٍ ؟ ٖٓ ٍ إ ُٚ إٍ ثٍ، ٣ ج ٍ إ ُٚ إٍ ثٍ، ح فن ٍ إ ُٚ إٍ ثٍ، ثؿ لٌ ٍ ٖٓ ه جٍ: ٍ إ‬ ،ٍ‫ُٚ إٍ ث‬ ٢ِ ‫:(ٍٍُّث ٙ١ٍع( ٝثف ٌٖٗ ج ك ٢ ٌٍٓر ٖٓ ه جٍ ٍ إُ ٚ إٍ ثٍ، ٓقٔو ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ػ ِ٢ ُٝ ٢ ثٍ، ك وجٍ ػ‬ ‫إٗ ٢ ّٔ ؼش‬ ‫ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٣ وٍٞ: ٖٓ ه ٌأ ٛيث ثُ وػجء، ثػ٢جٙ ثٍ ّ ذقجٗ ٚ ٝص ؼجُ ٠ ع ٞثح‬ ٌ‫مٔ ْ ٤ٖ ّ ٘ز، ًٝ ل‬ ‫ػ ٘ٚ ّ ٤ تجس مٔ ْ ٤ٖ ّ ٘ز ُٝ ذٞ٣ ٚ ث٣ ٞج‬ · It is narrated through various companions, as reported by Al-Mufeed, a prayer from Imam Aliasws for the buried people: "In the Name of Allahazwj, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful, peace be upon the people (Who witness). There is no god but Allahazwj, the ones who witness on us, there is no god but Allahazwj, O who are present, there is no god but Allahazwj. Indeed, there is no god but Allahazwj, how do you find, saying there is no god but Allahazwj? Surely, there is no god but Allahazwj, O (listener) there is no god but Allahazwj, We all (agree), there is no god but Allahazwj, Who may forgive those who say, there is no god but Allahazwj, And resurrect us in a group who said there is no god but Allahazwj, Mohamedsaww the messenger of Allahazwj, Aliasws Wali Allahazwj. Aliasws said: I heard the messenger of Allahsaww said: The one who recites this prayer, will be rewarded by Allahazwj

50 years of worshiping and 50 years of repentance, not only for himself but also his parents.104 Visiting Graves and Recitation of Quran: ،ٌ‫إ ّٔجػ ٤َ د ٖ د َ٣ غ، ك يٛ ذ ٘ج إُ ٠ ػ ٘و ه ذٌٙ، ك وجٍ ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢: فوع ٘٢ ٙجفخ ٛيث ثُ و ذ‬ ْٛ‫ث (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(،ػٖ ثفو‬ ٢ ‫ثٗ ٚ ٖٓ ٍثً ه ذٌ ثم ٤ٚ ثُ ٔؤٖٓ، ك ج ّ ض و ذَ ثُ و ذ ِز ٝٝ ٝغ ٣ وٙ ػ ِ٠ ثُ و ذٌ، ٝه ٌأ إٗ ج ثٗ َُ ٘جٙ ك‬ ٖٓ‫ُ ٤ ِز ثُ ووً ّ ذغ ٌٓثس ث‬ ٌ‫ٖٓ ثُ لَع ثُ ٌ ذ‬ · It is narrated from masoomasws that if a momin visits his brother-in Eman‟s grave and recites 7 times Inna Anzalna while putting his hand on the 102 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-209 103 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-226 104 Mustadrak ul wasail Vol-2,Page-369 26 www.hubeali.com grave and facing the kabah, (as a reward) he is protected from unbearable troubles.105 ٍ‫ثُ ٚجهم (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( " ٖٓ ٍثً ه ذٌ ثُ ٔؤٖٓ، ك وٌأ ػ ٘وٙ إٗ ج ثٗ َُ ٘جٙ ثُ ٚوٝم ك ٢ ثُ ٜوث٣ ز: ه ج‬ ٍ‫ّ ذغ ٌٓثس، ؿ لٌ ث‬ ." ٌ‫ُٚ ُٝ ٚجفخ ثُ و ذ‬ · Imam Al-Sadiqasws said" If one visits the grave of a momin and recites Suraeal-Qadar seven times; Allahazwj will forgive sins of the deceased momin as well as recitor‟s."106 Recommended Days for Visiting Cemeteries: ٌ‫هػجة ْ ثُ ْ ِْ: ػٖ أد ٢ ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: " ً جٗ ش ك ج١ٔز ( ٙ ِٞثس ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٜج(، ص ًَٝ ه ذ‬ ،ٚ٤ ِ ‫فَٔر ٝص وّٞ ػ‬ ." ٌٕٝ‫ًٝ جٗ ش ك ٢ ً َ ّ ذش ص أص ٢ ه ذًٞ ثُ ٖٜوثء ٓغ ٗ ْٞر ٓؼٜج، ك ٤وػٕٞ ٝ٣ ْ ض ـ ل‬ · Imam Abu Jafarasws said: „Syeda Fatmaasws used to visit Hazrat Hamzaasws's grave and pray for him. Other women also joined Hazrat Fatimaasws on every Saturday, to visit martyrs‟ graves, and there they prayed and asked for forgiveness.107 (ِْ ْ ُ‫ه جٍ: ّٔ ؼ ضٚ ٣ وٍٞ: ػج ٕش ك ج١ٔز (ػ ِ ٤ٜج ثُ ْ ِْ( ٛ ٖجّ د ٖ ّجُ ْ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬ ‫د ؼو أد ٤ٜج مٔ ْز‬ ٖ٤ ٘ ‫ٝ ّ ذ ؼ ٤ٖ ٣ ٞٓج ُ ْ ص ٌ ً ج ٌٕر ٍٝ ٝجف ٌز، ص أص ٢ ه ذًٞ ثُ ٖٜوثء ك ٢ ً َ ؽٔ ؼز ٌٓص ٤ٖ ثُ غ‬ ‫ٝثُ نٔ ٤ِ، ك ض وٍٞ: ٛ ٤ٜ ٘ج‬ ٕٞ ًٌٖ ٔ ُ‫ً جٕ ً ٍّٞ ثٍ ( ٙ ِ٠ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝآُ ٚ( ٛ ٤ٜ ٘ج ً جٕ ث‬ · Hashim bin Salam says, I heard it from Imam Abu Abdullahasws: (Our grandmother) Fatmaasws lived seventy five days, after her fathersaww, no one saw herasws smiling or laughing. The pious ladyasws used to visit martyrs graves twice in a week, every Monday and Thursday. Upon visiting graveyard, Syedaasws used to say, here is the messenger of Allahsaww and there are the polytheists.108 Visiting and Praying at Cemeteries: ٖ ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ٙ لٞثٕ د ٖ ٣ ق ٤٠ ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ثُ ق ْٖ ٓٞ ّ٠ د‬ :(ِْ ْ ُ‫ؽ ؼ لٌ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬

‫ٗ ٌٚف ػ ٘ٚ ث ّ ضٞفٔ، ك وجٍ: ٍ ٣ ْ ضٞفٔد ِ ـ ٘٢ إٔ ثُ ٔؤٖٓ إىث أص جٙ ثُ َثة ٌ آٗ ِ د ٚ، ك ئىث ث‬ · Mohammed bin Ali bin alHussain, who from Rizwan bin Yahiya says that I asked from Imam Abu AlHassan Musa bin Jafarasws: When we visit the graves of believers, do they recognise us and are pleased with us and feel lonely when we depart from their graves? Imamasws replied, no they do not feel lonely.109 - ،ٌٔ‫ٝػٖ أفٔو د ٖ ٓقٔو ثُ ٌٞك ٢، ػٖ ثد ٖ ؽًٜٔٞ، ػٖ أد ٤ٚ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ّ ٘جٕ، ػٖ ٓ ل َٞ د ٖ ػ‬ ‫ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو‬ ٚ٤ ِ ‫ثٍ، ٝػٖ ػ ذو ثٍ د ٖ ػ ذو ثُ ٌفٖٔ ثُ ْٚ، ػٖ فٌ٣ َ، ػٖ ٓقٔو د ٖ ٓ ْ ِْ، ػٖ أد ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ‬ ٍ‫ثُ ْ ِْ( ه جٍ: ه ج‬ ْ ً‫أٓ ٤ٌ ثُ ٔؤٓ ٘ ٤ٖ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ًٍٝٝث ٓٞص جً ْ ك ئٗ ْٜ ٣ لٌفٕٞ د َ٣ جًص ٌْ، ُٝ ٤٢ ِخ أفو‬ ٌ‫فجؽ ضٚ ػ ٘و ه ذٌ أد ٤ٚ ٝػ ٘و ه ذ‬ ‫أٓٚ د ٔج ٣ وػٞ ُ ٜٔج‬ · Ahmed bin Mohammed Alkufi reports through a chain of narrators that Imam AbuAbullahasws says that Amir-ul-Momaneenasws has said: Visit graves 105 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-229 106 Mustadrak ul wasail Vol-2,Page-372 107 Mustadrak ul wasail Vol-2,Page-365 108 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-227 109 Wasil u Shia Vol-3,Page-222 27 www.hubeali.com of your deceased, they rejoice when you visit them and when you visit your parents‟ graves, also mention your needs when praying for them.110 Praying on Behalf of the Deceased: (ِْ ْ ُ‫ٓقٔو د ٖ ػ ِ٢ د ٖ ثُ ق ْ ٤ٖ د ئ ّ ٘جهٙ ػٖ ػٌٔ د ٖ ٣ َ٣ و ه جٍ: ه ِش ُ ذ٢ ػ ذو ثٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ث‬ ‫ٗ ٚ ِ٢ ػٖ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ؟‬ ‫ك ٤ٞ ّغ ثٍ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ىُ ي ثُ ٞ ٤ن، ع ْ ٣ ؤص ٠ ك ٤ وجٍ ُٚ: ك وجٍ: ٗ ؼْ ف ض٠ أٗ ٚ ُ ٤ ٌٕٞ ك ٢ ٝ ٤ن‬ ‫م لق ػ ٘ي ٛي ثُ ٞ ٤ن د ٚ ِز‬ ْ‫ك ِٖ أم ٤ي ػ ٘ي، ه جٍ: ك و ِش: ك ج ٌٕى د ٤ٖ ًؽ ِ ٤ٖ ك ٢ ًً ؼ ض ٤ٖ ؟ ه جٍ: ٗ ؼ‬ · Mohammed bin Ali bin Hussain reports through a chain of narrates that once Imam Abu Abdullahasws was asked: Is it appropriate to pray for the deceased? Imamasws replied: Yes, some times it helps them, specially when they are in grief. When you pray for them, Allahazwj relieves them from their difficulties and also informs them the relief comes to you as a result of your brother so and so has done such and such on your behalf.111 ٠‫ه جٍ: ٝه جٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: إٕ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ُ ٤ لٌؿ د جُ ضٌفْ ػ ِ ٤ٚ ٝثُ ْ ض ـ لجً ُٚ ً ٔج ٣ لٌؿ ثُ ق‬ ٚ٤ ُ‫د جُ ٜو٣ ز ص ٜوٟ إ‬ · Also said, similar to the alive, who rejoice upon getting presents, deceased are pleased when blessings and prayers are forwarded to them. 112 ٌ‫ه جٍ: ٝه جٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: ٣ ومَ ػ ِ٠ ثُ ٔ ٤ش ك ٢ ه ذٌٙ ثُ ٚ ِز ٝثُ ّٚٞ ٝثُ قؼ ٝثُ ٚوه ز ٝثُ ذ‬ ٌٙ‫ٝثُ وػجء ٝ٣ ٌ ضخ أؽ‬ ‫ُ ِي١ ٣ ل ؼِ ٚ ُٝ ِٔ ٤ش‬ · The prayers, the fasts, the pilgrimage and the charities forwarded for a dead person would enter into his grave. And the reward of All these is

written in the account of the both, the deceased and the sender.113 ٍ‫ًٝثّ د ٖ أد ٢ ك ٌثُ ك ٢ ً ضجد ٚ ه جٍ: ه جٍ (ػ ِ ٤ٚ ثُ ْ ِْ(: إىث ص ٚوم ثُ ٌؽَ د ٘ ٤ز ثُ ٔ ٤ش أٌٓ ث‬ ٠ ُ‫ؽ ذٌة ٤َ إٔ ٣ قَٔ إ‬ ِٕٞ ٔ‫إُ ٠ ه ذٌٙ، ٝ٣ وُٞ ٕٞ: ثُ ْ ِْ ػ ِ ٤ي ه ذٌٙ ّ ذ ؼ ٤ٖ أُ ق ٓ ِي، ك ٢ ٣ و ً َ ٓ ِي ١ ذن ك ٤ق‬ ٖ ‫٣ جُٝ ٢ ثٍ، ٛيٙ ٛو٣ ز ك ِٖ د‬ ‫ك ِٖ إٍ ٣ ي ك ٤ ض َِ ه ذٌٙ ٝأػ٢جٙ ثٍ أُ ق ٓو٣ ٘ز ك ٢ ثُ ؾ ٘ز، ٍٝٝؽٚ أُ ق فًٞثء، ٝأُ ذ ْٚ أُ ق‬ ‫ف ِز، ٝه ٞ٠ ُٚ أُ ق‬ ‫فجؽز‬ · When some one gives alms on behalf of a dead person Allahazwj commands hazrat Gabrielas to visit his grave with seventy thousand angels, each angel holding a sack of blessings. The angels go near the grave and say: Al-Salam Alaykoum O servant of Allahazwj, so-and-so, the son of so-and-so has sent to you these presents. They, then sparkle his grave with the bounties of what they have brought in with them and say (in addition) Allahazwj has given you one 1000 cities in the paradise, 1000 lustrous-eyed devout servants (Hoor), and beautiful dresses and have fulfilled your wishes114 110 Al-Kafi Vol-3,Page-229 111 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-443 112 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-444 113 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-444 114 Wasil u Shia Vol-2,Page-445 28


				
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