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18th Amendment by Zoya and Kahdija

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18th Amendment by Zoya and Kahdija Powered By Docstoc
					Following are some of the important clauses of the 18 th amendment:

       Parliament should declare the 17th Amendment to the Constitution and the Legal
        Framework Order (LFO) given by a dictator as without any legal authority and
        should be repealed.
       NWFP should be renamed as „Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa’.
       Four seats, one from each province, should be allocated in the Senate for the minorities
        to increase their strength.
       It has been recommended that education to each child up to the age of 16 years be
        made compulsory.
       Formation of the council of common interests should be revised with prime minister as its
        chairman. The council should meet at least once in 90 days besides abolition of the
        Concurrent List.
       Prime Minister shall keep the president informed on all matters of internal and foreign policy
        and on all legislative proposals the federal government intends to bring before the Majlis-e-
        Shoora (parliament).
       President could use the power of dissolution of the National Assembly when a vote
        of no-confidence having been passed against the prime minister.
       Restriction imposed on the attorney general for doing private practice.
       The prime minister shall, in consultation with the leader of the opposition in the National
        Assembly, forward three names for appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner to a
        parliamentary committee for hearing and confirmation of any one person.
       The parliamentary committee, to be constituted by the speaker, shall comprise
        50 per cent from the opposition parties, based on their strength in Parliament.
       The total strength of the parliamentary committee shall not exceed 12 members out of which
        one-third shall be from the Senate. Provided that when the National Assembly is dissolved
        and a vacancy occurs in the office of the chief election commissioner, the parliamentary
        committee shall comprise the members of the Senate only.
       There shall be no restriction on the number of terms for the offices of the prime
        minister and chief ministers.
       The Senate shall consist of 104 instead of 100 members with the addition of one minority
        member from each province.
       Working days of the Senate have been increased from 90 to 110.
       Proclamation of emergency in the province due to internal disturbances would
        require a resolution from the provincial assembly.
       If the president acts on his own, the proclamation of emergency shall be placed before both
        houses of parliament for approval by each house within 10 days.
       On dissolution of the assembly or completion of its term, or in case it is dissolved under
        Article 58 or Article 112, a caretaker shall be selected by the president in
        consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition in the
        outgoing National Assembly. Similarly, a caretaker chief minister will be appointed in
        consultation with the chief minister and the leader of the opposition in the outgoing provincial
        assembly.
        Appointment of judges to the Supreme Court, there shall be a judicial commission. For
         appointment of judges of the Supreme Court, the commission, headed by the chief justice of
         Pakistan, shall also consist of two most senior judges of the apex court, a former chief justice
         or a former judge of the Supreme Court to be appointed by the chief justice in consultation
         with two member judges for a period of two years, federal minister for law and justice,
         Attorney General for Pakistan, and a senior advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan to be
         nominated by the Pakistan Bar Council for a period of two years.
        Article 58-2(b) should be repealed and substituted with “Dissolution of the
         National Assembly”.
        Passing of the bills: Recommended substitution in Article 70 with “introduction of passing of
         bills”, adding that a bill with respect to any matter in the Federal Legislative List may
         originate in either house and shall, if it is passed by the house in which it originated, be
         transmitted to the other house and if the bill is passed without amendment by the other house
         also, it shall be presented to the president for assent.
        Bills presented in the house but not passed within 90 days of laying in the House shall be
         considered in a joint sitting of parliament.
        Islamabad High Court to be established and the judges of the Islamabad High
         Court should be taken from the federal capital and four provinces.

These were some of the highlited clauses of the recent 18th amendament that took place in the
Constitution of Pakistan (1973).