Workplace Safe Week
– Full Calendar of Events
The Dangers of Laptop Computers
Working at Height
CONTENTS Workplace Issues is produced
Upcoming Events .................................................................................. 3 quarterly by Workplace Standards
Workplace Safe Week 2000 — Just around the corner ............................ 3 Tasmania.
Reproduction of material from
Veterinary Practice Safety A Guide to Managing the Risks ..................... 3
Workplace Issues for wider
A NOSI for Statistics. ............................................................................ 3 distribution is encouraged and
Laptops — injuries waiting to happen? ................................................... 4 may be carried out without a
formal copyright release,
Big Bang Near Miss .............................................................................. 5 provided that the following
Caltas lights the way for Safety ............................................................... 5 acknowledgment is included:
‘Reprinted from Workplace
Falls From Roofs ................................................................................... 6
Issues, a publication of
New Guide on Working at Height ........................................................ 6 Workplace Standards
An Accident Waiting to Happen? ........................................................... 7 Tasmania’.
Views expressed in Workplace
Riverside Swim Centre ‘Goes for Gold’ with its Management System ........... 8
Issues are those of the individual
Work Experience is Not Free Labour .................................................... 8 contributors or the editor and
A Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROP) Could Save Your Life .............. 9 are intended to stimulate
discussion. They do not
Notification of Serious Electrical Accidents ........................................... 9
necessarily reflect the policy of
Aurora to Highlight Site Safety in New Campaign ............................... 10 the Government, Workplace
Workplace Safe Week 2000 .................................................................. 11 Standards Tasmania or The
Workplace Safety Board of
Expect an Inspector ............................................................................. 11 Tasmania.
Workplace Safe Week October 15 – 21 Events throughout the State.... 12–13 Comments and contributions
Workplace Safe Week October 15 – 21 All week events ........................ 14 from readers are welcome but
the editorial committee reserves
Port has OHS Operations Ship Shape .................................................. 15 the right to publish only those
Driver Dies in Forklift Accident ........................................................... 16 items that are considered
relevant to the scope of the
University Of Tasmania Tops Risk Management Study ......................... 17
magazine. We would prefer
Product recall ...................................................................................... 18 lengthy contributions to be
Building Maintenance Unit (BMU) Industry Alert ............................. 18 submitted on disk (ASCII
format) accompanied by a hard
Need help choosing a Service Provider? ............................................... 19
copy. Contributions may also be
Advertising Scams Escalate................................................................... 19 submitted by e-mail.
Workers’ Compensation Statistical Report ...................................... 21-22 Reader contributions and
correspondence should be
Consumer Affairs has Product Safety Recalls in Site.............................. 22
Prosecutions ........................................................................................ 22
Tasmanian Industrial Commission ....................................................... 22
PO Box 56
Safety Alerts — Published by other agencies ........................................ 23 Rosny Park Tasmania 7018
Phone: 1300 366 322
Phone: (03) 6233 7657
GENERAL DISCLAIMER (outside Tasmania)
The Workplace Safety Board and the Crown in the right of the State of Tasmania, its
employees and agents disclaim liability for the accuracy or comprehensiveness of the e-mail: email@example.com
information, data and advice provided in Workplace Issues. Any information, data and internet: www.wsa.tas.gov.au
advice presented in Workplace Issues is provided solely on the basis that readers will be
responsible for making their own assessment and verification of such information, data and Managing
advice before any reliance is placed upon it. Editor: Christine Bray
The Workplace Safety Board and the Crown in the right of the State of Tasmania, its Contributing Georgia Clark
employees and agents will not be responsible for any loss, however arising and whether or Editors: Elspeth Richings
not due to negligence, arising from reliance on, or action taken on the basis of any
information, data or advice provided in Workplace Issues. Production: Chris Curry
2 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
WORKPLACE SAFE WEEK 2000
UPCOMING Just around the corner
EVENTS Workplace Safe Week 2000 is fast
approaching – but it is not too late
Advertisements will appear in the
Mercury, Examiner and Advocate
to get involved. newspapers promoting events
Second National From 15–21 October, Tasmanians taking part throughout the week.
Conference of Vocational will be participating in safety If you haven’t already registered an
activities in their workplaces. The
Rehabilitation Providers event, now in its fifth year, is
event with Workplace Standards
Tasmania, you have missed the copy
The Second National intended to raise awareness of deadline for the press ads, but if you
Conference of Vocational workplace health and safety. are interested in taking part in the
Rehabilitation Providers will be The culmination of the week will be Week it is still not too late to organise
held in Hobart at the Wrest the presentation of the Workplace an activity in your workplace.
Point Convention Centre from Safe Awards on Friday, 20 October
18–21 July 2001. A comprehensive listing of this
in Hobart. This year a field of 50 year’s events can be found in the
The theme of the conference is entries will vie for the top award in centre spread.
‘Vocational Rehabilitation—the seven categories.
Shifting Sands’ which builds on
the theme of the first
conference held in 1998 and Veterinary Practice Safety
will encompass current A GUIDE TO MANAGING THE RISKS...
vocational rehabilitation issues
This comprehensive guide has safe work procedures, training
from all perspectives. and induction, accidents at
been prepared by the South
For preliminary enquiries, Australian Employers work, common hazards and
phone (03) 6224 7856. Chamber of Commerce and responding to emergencies. A
Industry in conjunction with sample checklist and
occupational health and safety
National Bullying the Veterinary Employers’
policy are also included.
Conference Association of South
Australia, to assist veterinary The guide may be viewed at
A national conference on practices with the Workplace Standards library at Rosny
workplace and schoolyard management of occupational Park (30 Gordons Hill Road) and
bullying will be held in Hobart health and safety. may be purchased from Business
from 16–18 October 2000 at the Standards Australia, 136 Greenhill
Elizabeth Street Function Centre. The user-friendly guide has each Road, Unley 5061, telephone (08)
section tabbed to make finding 8300 0104. (Kelly Truscott). The
The conference is being information quick and easy. Topics cost is approximately $38 to $40
conducted by the Anti- covered include legal responsibilities, which includes postage and handling.
A NOSI for STATISTICS.
Tasmania with support from the
World Education Fellowship
(Tasmanian Branch), the Professor Dennis Else, database to provide a variety of
Australian Education Union and Chairman of the National reports to their own design on the
the Working Women’s Centre. Occupational Health and number, incidence and frequency of
For further information and Safety Commission workers’ compensation claims in
registration contact: (NOHSC), recently Australia.
announced the launch of a Professor Else said that ‘the
Conference Design Pty Ltd new statistical database, the database will provide better access
PO Box 342 NOHSC Online Statistics to OHS statistics and is targeted at
SANDY BAY TAS 7006 Interactive—NOSI. major OHS stakeholders. NOSI will
Phone: (03) 6224 3773 NOSI is an internet based, provide injury data to your
(Int +61 3 6224 3773) interactive database containing specifications at your fingertips. As
workers’ compensation statistics far as I am aware, this is a world first
Fax: (03) 6224 3774 (Int +61 3
based on the National Data Set. It is for such a database’.
located on the NOHSC web site at The development of NOSI provides a
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.nohsc.gov.au/work/ key data collection for Australia, and in
Website: statistics/index.htm The nine steps so doing achieves one of the nine
www.cdesign.com.au/bullying to run a query are clearly set out on actions identified in the National OHS
the site. Users can interrogate the Improvement Framework.
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 3
LAPTOPS — injuries waiting to happen?
Physiotherapists and ergonomists
are currently taking this on
nationally as a major issue.
According to Donna Valiant,
Rehabilitation Case Manager for
Work Directions Australia, there is
an urgent need for more research.
She said that laptops posed a
potentially serious health concern
for the youth of today, the effects
of which we could see in the near
future. However, Ms Valiant said
that recommendations for laptop
use should not be made until
more research is undertaken.
The use of laptops within business
organisations poses similar
potential health problems,
particularly with the increasing
School-age children often use laptop computers inappropriately popularity of telecommuting and
the mobile office.
Although the advantages of which a laptop is used cannot be ‘The implications are obviously
controlled in the same way as a the same, except for the
laptop computers are fairly musculoskeletal concerns,’ Ms
obvious, little research has desktop computer. Laptops can
and will be used in a variety of
been undertaken into their places and conditions that are While cautious about providing
disadvantages. One study unacceptable from a safety point recommendations for laptop use,
completed recently suggests of view. Ms Valiant suggested the
that the use of laptop following ways to avoid serious
In the study conducted at Western risk:
computers by school-age Australia’s Curtain University, it
children could have serious • be prudent and cautious in your
was found that 58 per cent of
use of laptops
health effects on their still- children surveyed used a laptop
growing bodies. while lying on the floor or bed. • don’t use laptops as substitutes
Sitting on the floor was a position for desktop computers
The main danger excessive laptop
used by 56 per cent and 48 per • use a lightweight high quality
computer use poses for children is
cent of those surveyed sat on a laptop with good image clarity
musculoskeletal damage. Manual
chair with the computer on their and a full-size keyboard
handling is another health and
safety issue for children carrying lap. Sixty per cent of those • minimise the amount of time
laptops as well as school bags to surveyed reported discomfort. you use a laptop
and from school. In addition, Carrying laptops posed as much a • take regular rest breaks.
there are security concerns as concern to those surveyed, with Although the implications won’t
laptops are somewhat valuable. 61 per cent complaining of pain be fully known until more
The risk of musculoskeletal associated with this. A research research is undertaken, as with any
problems is significant for paper by Karen Grimmer in 1998 health and safety issue, laptop use
children, considering their age suggested that backpack weights should be looked at as part of
and the environment in which should not exceed 10 per cent of workplace risk assessments.
they tend to use laptops. body mass. It is likely that in many This article is substantially based on an article
Laptops differ from desktop circumstances, children carrying a published in Safety Zone, a publication
computers in reduced keyboard laptop as well as a school bag produced by the Queensland Division of
size, reduced screen clarity, would have a load exceeding 10 Workplace Health and Safety.
pointing devices and fixed per cent of their body mass.
position of the screen. The way in
4 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
delivered to the refinery with the
familiar plastic end caps installed.
BIG BANG R MISS
Welders removed one end cap, then
prepped and welded on a sweeping
elbow joint. An oxyacetylene torch
was used on the other end (end cap
still in place) to cut the pipe to
length. When the pipe end fell, the
workers discovered a full propane
cylinder inside the pipe, as shown
in the photo.
This near miss would be of
particular interest to businesses
that weld or receive pipe
deliveries. It is always wise to look
inside any container before
starting work on it. Such a
narrowly averted disaster shows it
An American refinery at Lake found in a purchased pipe. The is obviously not safe to assume
Charles had a near miss recently new pipe, believed to have that nothing lethal lurks inside
when a propane gas cylinder was originated from Brazil, was pipes with plastic end caps.
CALTAS LIGHTS THE WAY FORWARD FOR SAFETY
comply with certain regulations.
Caltas consulted a local electrician
to source an appropriate warning
light. Then truck drivers and
operations staff were asked to help
decide on the best design and
placement of the device, and a fuel
delivery truck was fitted with the
light for a trial period.
An evaluation of the trial
concluded that the concept was
extremely effective and drivers felt
it reduced the risks they faced when
reversing into delivery sites. In fact,
the improvement in traffic safety
was evident from the very first
delivery with the light fitted.
Cheryl Suttcliffe, the Caltas OHS
Committee Secretary said, ‘for only
A Caltas fuel truck, reversing, showing the warning light fitted to the rear left hand side of a small cost ($160) these lights
represent an excellent investment
for safety-conscious operators.
A Tasmanian company has come up The Committee recognised a need
The practicality and placement of the
with an ingenious way to solve a for a mechanism to warn motorists
lights allows the driver to continue
safety hazard. of the traffic hazard a reversing fuel
with his normal operations as the
truck posed. They concluded that
Caltas, a northern Tasmanian fuel light automatically begins flashing
the most obvious solution would
distributor, recognised the dangers when reverse is engaged and when
be some sort of a warning light.
fuel delivery vehicles faced when exterior work lights are in operation’.
But putting a warning light on the
reversing in and out of service stations vehicle created OHS problems in The idea is a first for the State,
making their deliveries. So the itself. Because the vehicles were and Caltas feels that other trucks
company set its Occupational Health carrying dangerous goods, a in the industry would benefit
and Safety (OHS) Committee the normal hazard light could not be from adopting this Tasmanian
task of finding a solution. used, and it was necessary to safety initiative.
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 5
Falls From Roofs New Guide on
‘28 Year Old Man Dies of Head Fragile roofing materials can
Injuries Sustained in Fall’ fracture without warning, leaving
‘Fall Through Roof Kills 32 Year jagged edges that could cause
Old Rigging Contractor at injury, even when wire mesh is In response to a need to reduce
Construction Site’ fitted. Sadly, experience has shown
that people falling through asbestos the number of workplace
‘8 Metre Fall Through Asbestos cement sheeting usually have no accidents involving falls from
Cement Sheeting Fatally Injures 48 opportunity of saving themselves as height, Workplace Standards
Year Old’ breakages occur so rapidly.
Tasmania has produced a new
‘Man Dies After Plunging 28 Metres There are a number of steps
From a Roof onto Concrete Paving’ publication titled Working at
essential in achieving health and
‘59 Year Old’s Death Caused by Fall safety on construction sites or Height—A Guide to Reducing
While Dismantling Roof in High performing maintenance to the Risks of Injury While
Winds’ structures and buildings. It is Working at Height.
necessary to identify hazards,
‘Young Apprentice Seriously Injured
control risks, plan, organise, During 1998–99, some 98 injuries
After Falling Through Skylight’
control, monitor and review health resulting in incapacity of more than 60
Every year, too many Australians and safety throughout the life of a days, along with 947 other injuries,
die following falls from height, project. occurred in Tasmania as a result of
most commonly from roofs. Workplace Standards Tasmania falls from height. Statistics also tell us
The headlines above are just a few inspector Maurice Robertson, has that for every recorded injury, several
of the incidents relating to falls investigated many falls from roofs incidents have also been reported.
from height around the country. It that could have been avoided.
is estimated that one third of all The guide is specifically aimed at small
‘Repeatedly, year after year, there
deaths on construction sites in businesses and sub contractors
are reports of workers falling
Australia result from falls and through roofs, which are too fragile involved with work where there is a
almost one quarter of these are falls to take their weight.
‘Before any roof area is used as a
Recently, a Tasmanian electrician means of access or as a place of work equipment and are able to
was lucky to suffer only minor during any operation—whether it be comfortably complete their tasks
injuries when he stepped on construction, repair, maintenance, while wearing it.
Lazerlite roof material and fell. He or demolition—it is essential to • Employers are required to
was removing corrugated iron to identify roofs covered with fragile provide adequate supervision,
run electrical cables into the roof materials, as well as the necessary instruction and training to
space. The Lazerlite was similar in precautions to be taken,’ he said. workers to enable work to be
appearance to the surrounding area performed safely.
Various fragile materials have been
of roof and although the electrician • Roof work should be planned
involved in fatal or serious falls such
was initially aware of it, and the and equipment to do the job
as rusted corrugated metal roofing,
hazard it posed, he had forgotten safely should be chosen.
translucent plastic sheeting, wired
about it and absent-mindedly glass and corrugated asbestos
stepped back on to the area and fell. • Appropriate warning signs or
cement sheeting. Identification of safety notices should be provided
Workers can sometimes be fatally the risks of these materials and then on roofs and skylight areas.
misled by the appearance of roofing the application of basic safety
materials. Many appear more solid procedures could have prevented • A skylight should never be used
than they actually are, especially many of these incidents. as a step or a seat. It is not
when discoloured by ageing, designed to support a person’s
Maurice has developed a set of weight.
weathering or painting. The fact commonsense safety notes that
that a roof may bear a substantial help to highlight the areas workers • All skylights and roof openings
distributed load introduces a false should be aware of: should be appropriately guarded
sense of security. In reality, any before work begins.
concentrated load such as that • When working on roofs, a safe
access to the work area should be For more information, refer to
applied by a heel walking across the Workplace Standards’ new
roof or by a person stumbling and provided.
publication Working at Height—A
falling, may be too much. The • Whenever practicable, fall arrest Guide to Reducing the Risks of
weight of the tools and equipment systems should be provided. Injury While Working at Height.
a worker may be carrying must also • Care should be taken to ensure Copies are available by calling the
be taken into account. that workers wear their safety Helpline on 1300 366 322.
6 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
AT HEIGHT Waiting to Happen?
risk of falling from height. It will be It’s raining. There is a job so, using your initiative,
useful, however, to anyone working at to be done and you need a you grab a table to boost
height as the risks for workers in a
ladder to reach it. The the height. Now you can do
ladder doesn’t quite reach, it and up you go!
small business are just the same as for
a large construction company. It’s not hard to imagine the
consequences of this unsafe
The guide includes practical behaviour if the ladder had
information on how to manage the slipped. Luckily WST
risks of falls from height using the inspectors stopped it before
Play it SAFE steps, how to control anything happened.
identified hazards associated with These photographs were taken
working at height and a hazard recently by an inspector and
identification/risk assessment underline the necessity for
checklist. It also provides advice on everyone working at height to
where to get further information. observe the Play it SAFE steps.
This worker obviously had not
The current Workplace Safe Education thought about the hazards or
Campaign also focuses on this issue assessed the risks before he
with a series of four television ascended the ladder. Or maybe
commercials showing a serious he had, and assessed the risks
workplace accident in which a worker as negligible and because of
falls while working at height, and the the rain wanted to get the job
consequences not only for him but also done quickly.
for his family, employer and supervisor Not only is the ladder
perched precariously on the
The new guide can be obtained by
table, but also the table is
phoning the Workplace Standards shiny and wet. The ladder is
Helpline or accessed on-line at not secured, nor is there
www.wsa.tas.gov.au/general.htm anyone holding it steady or
even within helping distance
should the man fall.
Fortunately, he did not come
to any harm pursuing this
very risky activity before
The new guide to working at height
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 7
Riverside Swim Centre WORK
‘Goes for Gold’ with its EXPERIENCE
OHS Management System is Not
matter of urgency
prior to the The Queensland Government
opening of the recently warned young people to
season. be wary of job offers involving
unpaid work experience.
Queensland Minister for
Employment, Training and
were highly Industrial Relations, Paul
qualified in Braddy, said a number of recent
people control, cases had highlighted the need
life saving and for young people to be vigilant.
first aid—all of
‘There are excellent work
experience programs such as
those run through schools and
TAFE institutes that are very
Most staff have worthwhile,’ Mr Braddy said.
Riverside Swim Centre Manager, Trent Hadley, pictured during a
school swimming carnival at the complex ‘But there are some employers
qualifications in who use the term ‘work
The Riverside Swim Centre, in the both pool and surf and two qualified experience’ to deceive young
Launceston suburb of Riverside, people into performing
staff are on site whenever the centre
recorded an outstanding unpaid work under the guise
improvement in respect to pool of gaining experience.
accidents and incidents during the A safety management plan for the
‘Young people employed to
summer season 1999 - 2000. operation was developed.
perform work covered by an
The swimming complex, which A recording system was established for award are entitled to be paid in
incorporates three pools and an all chemicals carried on site, ensuring accordance with that award.
elevated water slide, had 35,338 that Material Safety Data Sheets
‘They have the right to be paid
patrons through the gates during the (MSDS) were available. Staff were
at the correct rate for the work
season. These visitors consisted of made aware of the content of these
they do, to know what that rate
26,547 children and 8,791 adults. sheets through training sessions.
is, and to receive training in
During this time, there were only As a result of management’s proactive their duties.’
two accidents requiring entry into approach to health and safety, no Mr Braddy said it was important
the centre’s accident-record book. claims were made against the that young people established
The centre’s management also complex’s public liability or workers’ the details of what an employer
maintains an incident recording compensation insurance during the was offering and, if they were
system where minor incidents and 1999–2000 summer season. unsure of their entitlements,
near misses are recorded. Once this With the next summer season fast they should contact the relevant
is done, follow-ups are undertaken approaching, the centre is already busy government department for
to check trend patterns and conducting its risk assessment. A clarification.
determine if attention is required in potentially major problem with the
The same advice is also relevant
a specific area. glazing panels on the elevated pool
in this State. Anyone concerned
To achieve this significant safety deck has already been identified and is
about the rate they are entitled
record in just one season, the new being addressed.
to be paid for the work they are
swim centre manager, Mr Trent The Riverside Swim Centre operation doing can ring the Workplace
Hadley, realised from the outset that is a good example of how a team- Standards Helpline on 1300
it was essential to have the full based approach, involving the centre 366 322 for information.
support of the landlord, the West management and the landlord
Tamar Council. After establishing an working together, can achieve Workplace Standards Tasmania
excellent rapport with the Council, a excellent results in just one season. is aware that the practice is
risk assessment was undertaken to The aim of both parties is to ensure as being used by some employers
identify any hazards. Many items far as practical a safe environment for in the state and warns young
were identified and addressed as a both patrons and employees. people to be wary.
8 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
A Roll-Over Protective Structure Notification
(ROP) Could Save Your Life of Serious
It is important that all serious
electrical accidents are reported
to Electricity Standards and
Section 72 of the Electricity
Industry Safety and
Administration Act 1997 (the
Act) sets out the requirements
for reporting serious electrical
A serious electrical accident is
defined in the Act as ‘an
accident involving electrocution
or electric shock serious enough to
The operators of these two tractors would probably still be alive if they had taken the cause temporary or permanent
precaution of having a roll-over protective structure fitted to their machine disability or to require medical
The two tractors pictured are both protection had been fitted.
guilty of murder. Both are The ESS must be informed of
• It’s illegal to allow a person to ride the general nature of the
agricultural wheeled tractors, but as a passenger on a tractor, unless accident and both the time and
were not fitted with approved roll- each passenger is provided with: place it occurred, as soon as
over protective structures. The
A seat of adequate strength, practicable after the event.
operators of both tractors were fatally
either fitted with a backrest or Then, within 21 days, a written
injured when engaged in wood
so shaped as to prevent the report containing full details of
passenger slipping from the the accident, including the
seat, and reasons why it is thought to have
‘Nearly two thirds of all people killed occurred, must be provided.
Adequate and convenient foot
on farms die as a result of having an
rests and hand holds. The person responsible for
accident on a tractor.’
If your tractor does not meet these reporting the accident should be
‘Nearly one in every six of those killed requirements, please do not allow either a holder of an Electrical
were children’ Contractor’s license, a person
passengers, especially children, to
designated by the Regulations,
Tipping over sideways or rolling or in any other case, the
over backwards are the types of • There is a minimum driving age occupier of the premises in
tractor accidents that invariably of 16 years of age unless the which the accident occurred.
result in death or serious injury. owner of the tractor is satisfied
The ESS investigates serious
Drivers involved in these sorts of that such a person has received
electrical accidents to help
accidents have little or no chance to adequate driving instruction, or is
identify the exact cause of the
get clear as the tractor tips or rolls. under adequate supervision by
accident and in so doing
someone who has a thorough determines what can be done to
knowledge of and experience prevent any similar incidents
• Workplace Standards Tasmania driving the tractor. occurring in the future.
strongly advocates the fitting of
You can find out more about This information is then passed
approved rollover protective
operating a tractor safely in a on to the electrical industry for
bulletin available from Workplace the safety of other workers.
• Without rollover protection, Standards Tasmania Look Mum, No
drivers and passengers stand little ROPs (SB031). Ring the Helpline To report a serious electrical
chance of escaping being injured to obtain a free copy, or it may be accident you should phone the
or killed. Most of these lives accessed on-line at www.wsa.tas. Workplace Standards Helpline
would have been saved if rollover gov.au/publications/publicat.htm on 1300 366 322.
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 9
Aurora to Highlight Site Safety
in New Campaign
Aurora Energy will launch
a television and print
during Workplace Safe
Week 2000 to highlight the
importance of working
safely around powerlines
on construction sites.
The campaign is a component of
Aurora’s community safety
campaign, known as Respect
Electricity, which highlights the
need for the safe use of electricity
in the home, around the farm, in
public places and a variety of
workplaces. It has been produced
by Tasmanian advertising agency
Mazengarb Leo Burnett.
The campaign will feature a hard-
hitting television commercial
which depicts how inattentiveness
and a blasé approach to safety on
construction sites can end in
tragedy. The commercial will be
supported by a series of press
advertisements which aim to catch Checking logistics for shooting Aurora’s new site safety commercial are (from left) Andy
the attention of both the Wilson and Peter Choraziak of Mazengarb Leo Burnett and Aurora’s overhead
construction and farm worker, as resources team members Ian Lawlor, Rod Turton and Garry Witt
many incidents are caused when
guttering and irrigation pipes are also four cases of electric shocks to ‘Extra care needs to be taken
moved around beneath overhead either contractors or members of when checking the swing of any
powerlines. the public. load on a crane for adequate
Aurora’s Manager Assets, Mr ‘Unsafe practices endanger the
Grant Cox, said a large number of lives of the operators involved and ‘Similarly, underground
power supply interruptions and pose a fire and safety hazard if excavations can also pose a safety
potentially significant incidents powerlines are brought to the threat in the event that electrical
were caused by third party actions. ground,’ Mr Cox said. cables are disturbed. We urge
people to contact us for cable
‘It concerns us that since July 1999, ‘While the personal safety of plant location details before they
a total of 44 significant incidents operators is our first commence digging.’
involving external parties have been consideration, this type of incident
Mr Cox also reminded
reported and a high number of can result in inconvenience to
construction personnel that if any
these have occurred on building or other customers if the power damage occurs to cables or
construction sites,’ he said. supply is lost to the local area and overhead power lines, the
Twelve of the 44 incidents ties up our resources.’ offending party is responsible for
involved excavators coming into He said that it was vital that all the cost of repairs.
contact with overhead lines, while worksites were checked to ensure The campaign will be repeated in
a further five involved plant that cranes and concrete pumps early January, when the target
cutting through underground could be safely operated without audience will be broadened to
cables or bringing down the machinery or their loads include the home renovator
powerpoles or stays. There were coming into close proximity or working during the
contact with any powerlines. Christmas/New Year period.
10 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
WORKPLACE SAFE WEEK 2000
Workplace Safe Week 2000 is information; holding a safety during the week will be open to the
almost here. committee meeting, arranging First general public.
From 15 – 21 October the focus Aid training; or developing an So, if you have not already planned
will be on safety in the workplace, OHS focussed intranet web page an activity during Workplace Safe
with organisations around the State for staff. Conferences and seminars Week, why not try and get along to
arranging and taking part in have been organised, and a number one of those taking part near you.
activities with a safety theme. of Tasmanian workers will attend
training courses. See the following pages for a
Events planned for the week are as complete listing of Workplace Safe
diverse as distributing OHS Many events that will take part Week 2000 activities.
Expect an INSPECTOR
Workplace Standards Tasmania’s Inspectors will also be available at The calendar below, sets out the
inspectors will be hitting the road central places, such as Service regions inspectors will be visiting
during Workplace Safe Week. Tasmania outlets, council during the week. It also details
This year the emphasis is on chambers, business enterprise times and venues you will be able
regional areas, and, across the state centres and local hotels to meet to talk to an inspector in your area.
inspectors will be heading out into business people and workers. For more information regarding
the smaller towns, visiting Take advantage of this unique these visits, phone the
businesses, handing out opportunity to meet and talk to the Workplace Standards’ Helpline
information and meeting employers people who can help make your on 1300 366 322.
and workers face to face to offer workplace healthier and safer.
advice or discuss concerns.
THURSDAY, Tasmania Smithton from
19 OCTOBER 2000
SOUTH Inspectors in attendance at Service
Longley/Huonville area, including an Tasmania Ulverstone from
attendance at Service Tasmania from 10:00am–2:00pm.
MONDAY, Castle Forbes Bay, Port Huon, Geeveston
16 OCTOBER 2000 and surrounding areas.
Lune River, Southport, and Raminea and Various locations on the East Coast (south
surrounds. of St Helens). NORTH
New Norfolk area, including attendance at Visiting businesses on Bruny Island.
Service Tasmania from 1:30pm –3:30pm. Ross/Oatlands area, including attendance
Kingston area, Bridgewater/Brighton area. at Service Tasmania from 2:30pm- MONDAY,
3:30pm. 16 OCTOBER 2000
TUESDAY, Visiting various businesses on the Tasman West Tamar area
17 OCTOBER 2000 Peninsula. In attendance at the Tamar Business
Channel Area/Cygnet, including Centre, from 10:00am–4:00pm.
attendance at the Cygnet Public Library FRIDAY, Plus local site visits.
from 2:30pm–4:00pm. 20 OCTOBER 2000
Dover, Glendevine, Surges Bay, Waterloo, Tasman Peninsula area continued. TUESDAY,
Caines Bay and surrounding areas.
Making visits to businesses in the 17 OCTOBER 2000
New Norfolk, Hamilton, Ouse, and Franklin/South Franklin area.
Derwent Bridge. Longford and Cressy
Bridgewater area will be visited, and Sorell area, including attendance at Visiting companies throughout the area
inspectors will be in attendance at Service Service Tasmania from 10:00am- between 10:00am – 4:00pm.
Tasmania from 12:00pm–3:00pm. 12:00pm.
Bell Bay and George Town
Tasman Peninsula. Visiting companies throughout the area
between 10:00am – 4:00pm.
18 OCTOBER 2000 NORTH-WEST WEDNESDAY,
Triabunna area visit including attendance 18 OCTOBER 2000
at Service Tasmania from Scottsdale
Including attendance at the Business
Visiting various businesses at Swansea 18 OCTOBER 2000 Enterprise Centre (Council Chambers)
followed by an attendance at the Inspectors in attendance at Service between 4:00 – 8:00pm.
Swansea Motor Inn from Tasmania at Sheffield from
5:00pm–7:00pm. 10:00am–2:00pm. THURSDAY,
Snug, Kettering, and on Bruny Island, Inspectors in attendance at Service
including an attendance at Service Tasmania Queenstown from 19 OCTOBER 2000
Tasmania Allonnah from 3:00pm–4:00pm. 11:00am–3:00pm. East Coast (north from) St Helens
Bagdad, Kempton, Bothwell and Inspectors in attendance at Service Including attendance at the Break O’Day
surrounding areas. Tasmania Deloraine from Business Enterprise Centre, St Helens from
Kingston area 10:30am–2:30pm. 6:00 – 10:00pm.
Inspectors in attendance at Service
WORKPLACE SAFE Week October 15 – 21
= Open to the Public
Stornoway Contracting, Dorset Council, Scottsdale TUESDAY,
Breadalbane (03) 6352 6500 17 OCTOBER 2000
NORTH (03) 6391 9311 Manual handling and back care
Safety Committee meeting. training session.
University of Tasmania,
SUNDAY, WEDNESDAY, Newnham (03) 6424 9035
(03) 6324 3275 Hazard inspection.
15 OCTOBER 2000 18 OCTOBER 2000
Official launch of Postural assessments and
movement analysis for staff. United Milk Tasmania,
Workplace Safe Week E-Team Australia, Spreyton
2000, Launceston Launceston (03) 6421 2000
Phone: 1300 366 322 (03) 6334 3400 International Foot and
Shoe Clinic, Launceston OHS Committee meeting.
Accredited Training Session –
OH&S for Farmers, open to the (03) 6331 2270
Free foot assessments (by University of Tasmania,
MONDAY, public. $50 per person. Burnie
16 OCTOBER 2000 (03) 6324 3275
North Eastern Soldiers
Memorial Hospital, CRS Australia, Launceston Ergonomic assessments for staff.
University of Tasmania, Scottsdale (03) 6431 6533
Launceston CRS Australia, Burnie
(03) 6352 2222 Breakfast seminar ‘Managing
(03) 6324 3275 Duty of Care Within (03) 6431 6533
Training session – the safe
Ergonomic assessments for staff. storage and handling of Performance Management’ Internal OHS audit.
chemicals. (register to attend).
International Foot and
Shoe Clinic, Launceston Brook High School, WEDNESDAY,
(03) 6331 2270 Rocherlea FRIDAY, 18 OCTOBER 2000
Free foot assessments (by (03) 6326 1033 20 OCTOBER 2000
appointment). Display of OHS material University of Tasmania,
relevant to a school University of Tasmania, Burnie
Masonic Peace Haven, environment.
Norwood Newnham (03) 6324 3275
(03) 6343 1555 (03) 6324 3275 Defensive driving training.
University of Tasmania, Postural assessments and
Staff BBQ and in-house safety Newnham
awards. movement analysis for staff. Department of Health
(03) 6324 3275 and Human Services,
Defensive driving training. University of Tasmania, Burnie (Northwest
TUESDAY, Newnham Regional Hospital)
Total Workforce, (03) 6324 3275 (03) 6222 5277
17 OCTOBER 2000 Launceston City Council Accountable person training. OHS consultant and OHS
Amcor Fibre Packaging, (03) 6323 3511
Mowbray display with safety publication
Manual handling and back care Fred French Nursing giveaway.
(03) 6326 0631 training session. Home, Newstead
Safety Committee meeting.
(03) 6343 1555
International Foot and Staff BBQ and in-house safety THURSDAY,
University of Tasmania, Shoe Clinic, Launceston
Newnham awards. 19 OCTOBER 2000
(03) 6331 2270
(03) 6324 3275 Free foot assessments (by
Ergonomic assessments for staff. United Milk Tasmania,
University of Tasmania, (03) 6421 2000
NORTH-WEST OHS Committee meeting.
(03) 6324 3275 19 OCTOBER 2000
Defensive driving training. Department of Health
MONDAY, and Human Services,
Meander Valley Council, E-Team Australia, Devonport Community
Westbury Launceston 16 OCTOBER 2000 Centre
(03) 6393 5300 (03) 6334 3400 (03) 6222 5277
Manual handling and back care Accredited Training Session – Tasmanian Consulting OHS consultant and OHS
training. Farm Emergencies (register to Service, Devonport display with safety publication
attend). $50 per person. (03) 6424 9035 giveaway.
Frenchpine, Scottsdale Fire drill.
North Eastern Soldiers CRS Australia, Burnie
(03) 6352 6222 Memorial Hospital,
Safety committee meeting. North Forest Products, (03) 6431 6533
Scottsdale Burnie Safety induction training for
(03) 6352 2222 (03) 6434 3253 clients of the service preparing
West Tamar Council,
Beaconsfield Training session – manual Information session on duty of for employment.
ace accidents do n’t
handling and back care. care and the accountable person.
(03) 6394 3376
An information session for staff
on duty of care and the
Events throughout the State
FRIDAY, Hobart City Council – CRS Australia, Bellerive Hobart City Council –
Civic Solutions, Clearys (03) 6211 9200 Civic Solutions, Clearys
20 OCTOBER 2000 Gate Gate
Interactive workshop on
(03) 6278 0211 occupational stress (must register (03) 6278 0211
E-Team Australia, Manufacture and installation of Fire and emergency evacuation
Ulverstone to attend).
an accident board. training and procedure
(03) 6334 3400 evaluation.
Accredited Training Session – Anti-Discrimination WEDNESDAY,
OH&S for Farmers, open to the Commission Tasmania, Cadbury Schweppes,
public. $50 per person. 18 OCTOBER 2000
(03) 6224 4905 TasFuel Pty Ltd, New (03) 6249 0140
SATURDAY, Conference ‘Workplace Town OHS Committee meeting and
Bullying — Unacceptable review of hazard control entries.
21 OCTOBER 2000 Behaviour’ (must register to (03) 6228 6377
attend). Health, Safety, Security, Blueline Laundry, New
KBE Machinery, Wynyard Environment and Quality Town
(03) 6442 2240 (HSSEQ) committee meeting,
incident and hazard effect data (03) 6278 8299
Open day, including sessions TUESDAY, Guest speaker attending Safety
on front end loader safety and 17 OCTOBER 2000 Meeting to discuss return-to-work
awareness of the Draft programs.
Manufacturers Code of Practice. University of Tasmania,
State Emergency Service Sandy Bay
(03) 6230 2700 (03) 6324 3275 Blueline Laundry, New
Eco warden roles, evacuation Town
Ergonomic assessments for staff.
systems and fire safety staff (03) 6278 8299
training University of Tasmania, Viewing of safety videos.
SOUTH Sandy Bay
E-Team Australia, Hobart CRS Australia, Bellerive
(03) 6324 3275
(03) 6334 3400 (03) 6211 9200
Postural assessments and
Accredited Training Session – movement analysis for staff. Interactive workshop on
MONDAY, OH&S for Farmers (register to occupational stress (must register
attend). $50 per person. to attend).
16 OCTOBER 2000 Hobart City Council –
University of Tasmania, Civic Solutions, Clearys
E-Team Australia, Hobart Gate
Sandy Bay FRIDAY,
(03) 6334 3400 (03) 6324 3275 (03) 6278 0211
Civic Solutions Group and 20 OCTOBER 2000
Accredited Training Session – Postural assessments and
Farm Emergencies (register to movement analysis for staff. Central Safety Committee
attend). $50 per person. meetings. Presentation of
Workplace Safe Awards
University of Tasmania, 2000, Hobart
University of Tasmania, Sandy Bay Anti-Discrimination
Sandy Bay Commission – Tasmania, Phone: 1300 366 322.
(03) 6324 3275 Hobart
(03) 6324 3275 Defensive driving training. (03) 6224 4905 University of Tasmania,
Postural assessments and Hobart
movement analysis for staff. Conference ‘Schoolyard
QBE Insurance Australia Bullying – Unacceptable (03) 6324 3275
Ltd, Hobart Behaviour’ (must register to Ergonomic assessments for staff.
University of Tasmania, (03) 6221 9333
Sandy Bay attend).
Work station assessments for Department of Health
(03) 6324 3275 staff. Blueline Laundry, New and Human Services,
Accountable person training. Hobart Office Library
Hobart City Council – (03) 6278 8299 (03) 6222 5277
University of Tasmania, Civic Solutions, Clearys
Sandy Bay Viewing of safety videos. OHS Consultant in attendance
Gate at display.
(03) 6324 3275 (03) 6278 0211
Responsible officer training. Hazard inspection. THURSDAY, Glenorchy City Council
QBE Insurance Australia 19 OCTOBER 2000 (03) 6274 0700
Anti-Discrimination Manual handling and back care
Ltd, Hobart Commission — Tasmania,
(03) 6221 9333 University of Tasmania, training.
Work station assessments (03) 6224 4905 Sandy Bay
(03) 6324 3275 Hobart City Council –
for staff. Conference ‘Workplace Civic Solutions, Clearys
Bullying — Unacceptable Ergonomic assessments for staff. Gate
Blundstone Pty Ltd, Behaviour’ (must register to
Moonah (03) 6278 0211
attend). University of Tasmania,
(03) 6272 3000 Sandy Bay Fire extinguisher training.
Safety induction program. Blueline Laundry, New (03) 6324 3275
Town Stornoway Contracting,
Defensive driving training
just happen to other people!
(03) 6278 8299
(03) 6391 9311
Viewing of safety videos.
Safety Committee meeting and
WORKPLACE SAFE Week October 15 – 21
= Open to the Public ALL WEEK EVENTS
Masonic Peace Haven, Hobart Water, Goodwood and
Launceston New Norfolk
(03) 6343 1555 (03) 6233 2196
STATEWIDE Seminars on ‘Near Hits – Iceberg Effect’, Display of OHS equipment.
Duty of Care, MSDS and form completion.
Woolworths (Vic) T/A Purity and Hazard display. Hobart Water, Goodwood and
Roelf Vos, all stores New Norfolk
(03) 6273 1396 Fred French Nursing Home, (03) 6233 2196
Hazard identification and control exercise Launceston Confined space operations and risk
using new Hazard ID Kits at all (03) 6343 1555 assessment seminars; emergency drills;
supermarket sites across the state. Seminars on ‘Near Hits – Iceberg Effect’, and special edition of OHS newsletter
Duty of Care, MSDS and form completion. including safety crossword competition.
J Boag and Son, Launceston Hazard display.
and Hobart Department of Health and
(03) 6331 9311 Webster Limited, Launceston Human Services, Hobart Office
Development of interactive Intranet web (03) 62380200 Library
page to inform employees (in North and Display of occupational health and (03) 6222 5277
South) of company OHS system, policies safety material. OHS display with safety publication
and training. giveaway.
Tasmanian Trades and Labour Department of Health and
Council/Australian Council of Human Services, Hobart, Royal
Trade Unions Hobart Hospital (Main Foyer)
(03) 6234 9553 NORTH WEST (03) 6222 5277
Sessions dealing with OHS being held in OHS display with safety publication
various workplaces across the State, all giveaway. OHS Consultant in attendance
week. CRS Australia, Burnie from 11:00am – 3:00pm daily.
(03) 6431 6533
Display on effective return-to-work and Hobart City Council – Civic
OHS services available to employers. Solutions, Cleary’s Gates
(03) 6278 0211
Webster Limited, Burnie Basic first aid training for all employees.
NORTH (03) 6238 0200
Display of occupational health and Hobart City Council – Civic
safety material. Solutions, Cleary’s Gates
ACL Bearing Company, (03) 6278 0211
Launceston Webster Limited, Devonport Construction of a safety and information
(03) 6324 4600 (03) 6238 0200 cabinet, and a display of PPEs.
Promotions of safety issues (such as use of Display of occupational health and
PPEs and revision of standard operating safety material. Webster Limited, Hobart
procedures) relevant to company based (03) 6238 0200
activities (all 4 plants). Cadbury Schweppes, Burnie Display of occupational health and
(03) 6249 0140 safety material.
Amcor Fibre Packaging, In-house competition for the best hazard
Mowbray control suggestion identified by an Cadbury Schweppes, Claremont
(03) 63260631 employee using the Cadbury hazard (03) 6249 0140
Customer safety audit. (safety) reporting system (month long In-house competition for the best hazard
promotion). control suggestion identified by an
Department of Health and employee using the Cadbury hazard
Human Services, Launceston (safety) reporting system (month long
General Hospital (Cafeteria) promotion).
(03) 6222 5277
OHS display with safety publication Department of Primary
giveaway (Tuesday – Friday only). SOUTH Industries, Water and
CRS Australia, Launceston (03) 6233 3873
(03) 6431 6533 Workplace Standards Tasmania, Inaugural Central Steering Occupational
Display on return to work: effective Rosny Park Health and Safety Committee meeting will
strategies for managing the process. 1300 366 322 be held at some stage through the week.
Testing of emergency procedures.
(03) 6352 6222 Printing Authority of Tasmania,
Display of personal protective
equipment. (03) 6233 2668
Display of OHS material and
Frenchpine, Scottsdale information.
m or e i m p
(03) 6352 6222
Safety audits of lock out tags and safety
clothing and full site evacuation drill.
Port has OHS Operations Ship Shape
many contractors who
frequent Port areas. This
ensures that contractors are
fully conversant with the
Port’s OHS standards and
procedures. It also
reinforces their own duty of
care responsibilities and
compliments their work
practices which are
continually monitored by
Port personnel while on site.
The Port has also
maintained a close
relationship with Workplace
Standards Tasmania, not
only on OHS issues, but
also through the
development of safe working
practices for the handling of
explosives and the
movement of LPG and
petroleum products through
its No. 4 Berth at Bell Bay.
Operations Manager for the Port of Launceston, Charles Black, (left) pictured at the company’s Thus the Port maintains a
No 4 Berth at Bell Bay with Paul Filgate, Administration Manager and Safety Committee
port emergency service,
manned by fully trained Port
personnel, who undertake
From small beginnings, the day operations. Employees are regular training in all aspects of
Port of Launceston Pty Ltd, encouraged to undertake OHS emergency responses.
established in 1857, has been training which contributes to their The Port now handles 116,859
personal development as well as
providing services to improving awareness of OHS in mass tonnes of cargo per
commercial shipping and the the workplace. employee, nearly double the
local community. Now a amount it did in 1994–95. With
The Port’s Operations Manager,
State-owned company, it this increase, it is pleasing that the
Charles Black, said that in the
provides direct, regular average number of lost time
early days, the company had a
injuries per year has decreased.
services to New Zealand, reasonable safety record but there The company’s accident severity
Melbourne, Sydney, were no formal training rate and lost time injury frequency
Fremantle, Papua New procedures in place to enhance a rate are also in the lower quartile
Guinea, the Solomon Islands, safe working environment for its of performance indicators for the
employees. Now a safety transport sector.
South East Asia and offers a
committee, comprising both
worldwide feeder service via management and elected Charles Black commended the
Singapore. This is a far cry employee safety representatives, Port’s workforce for its approach
from the early days of being a meets on a regular basis to discuss and commitment to addressing
whaling and sealing base workplace safety issues. He added
and implement policies that
that this commitment, plus
combined with small exports impact on safe working practices
continuing co-operation and
of wheat and wool. and ensure employees work in safe
consultation between management,
A contributing factor to the Port’s employees and the safety
success has been the commitment Specific health and safety committee, was the responsibility of
of both management and staff to induction programs have also been everyone within the organisation
incorporate occupational health developed to cater not only for and a key factor in the Port’s
and safety issues into its day-to- new employees, but also for the success and development.
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 15
Driver Dies in Forklift Accident
In 1998, WorkSafe Western the accident occurred. He had Recommendations
Australia issued a Significant begun to unload goods from a
1. In the Record of Investigation of
truck and reversed the forklift
Incident Summary following Death into this matter, the
away from the truck in an arc,
the death of a forklift Coroner recommended that:
carrying three wooden pallets.
operator in August 1997. ‘all forklift drivers be required to
An eyewitness said he had
use the seat belt at all times
Following Coroner MJ expected the deceased to move
whilst operating a forklift’.
McGuire SM’s findings into forward, but instead the forklift
All users of forklifts are urged to
the incident, WorkSafe appeared to accelerate
comply with this
backwards over the edge of the
decided to withdraw the recommendation.
earlier Significant Incident 2. Regulation 4.55 of the
A chartered professional
Summary and replace it with Occupational Safety and Health
engineer, who had carried out an Regulations 1996 [Western
the following. assessment of the forklift after Australian legislation] provides
Incident the accident, reported at the that if there is an industrial truck
coroner’s inquest: (i.e. forklift) at a workplace, then
A forklift driver was fatally
injured at a Balcatta Warehouse (i) That the forklift which he a person who is an employer,
on 1 August 1997 when the examined was in good working main contractor or self-employed
forklift he was driving reversed order and functioned correctly person at the workplace must
over the edge of a loading dock, as per specifications; ensure that the industrial lift
dropping a distance of 1.15 truck is operated in accordance
(ii) The design of the forklift
metres and landing on its rear with AS 2359.2. All persons who
complied with Australian
before rolling onto its right side. are subject to this regulation are
It is not clear whether the urged to obtain a copy of this
(iii)The forklift was fitted with a standard and ensure that the
injuries sustained by the deceased
falling object protection requirements are met.
were caused by his head being
structure as required by
struck by a portion of the forklift 3. Owners, suppliers and users of
or by a gas bottle from the forklifts have other legislative
forklift which had broken free. (iv) The forklift was fitted with a obligations. These obligations
lap-type seatbelt which, when are set out in sections 19(1),
At the time, the company had properly used by an operator, 20(1), 20(2)(d) and 23 of the
three forklifts on-site at the would constrain most of his Occupational Safety and Health
warehouse, all with similar foot body within the confines of the Act 1984 and regulations 3.5,
control pedals and compatible falling object protection 4.33 and 4.44 of the
operations. One of the forklifts structure, thereby preventing Occupational Safety and Health
had broken down and was serious injury. Regulations 1996. [Western
considered to be nearing the end
Following the accident, the Australian legislation] Persons
of its productive life. Therefore,
following actions were taken at the involved with the use of forklifts
replacement forklifts were being are urged to ensure compliance
trialed and assessed so that a Balcatta Warehouse:
with these provisions.
decision could be made as to 1. Introduction of a truck
which forklift should be movement system to better WorkSafe Western Australia has also
purchased. The forklift in produced a refresher training video
control vehicular movements
question was one of those being for forklift operators. Titled
within the warehouse; Working Safely with Forklifts, the
2. Removal of excessive material video covers many of the factors and
The forklift was manufactured in located within the hard standing situations that can result in
Germany and while the foot area; accidents with forklifts.
pedal operation differed to what
3. Provision of yellow arrows The video can be borrowed from
was considered normal
indicating traffic flow directions the Workplace Standards video
convention in Australia, it library by calling Maria Ayers on
represented the normal foot and ‘no loading’ areas marked on
the pavement; and 6233 2937 or you can purchase a
pedal operation in Europe. copy for $10.00 from WorkSafe
The deceased had just finished 4. Provision of physical barriers at Western Australia (phone (08) 9327
an instruction session on the changes to surface levels, i.e. the 8777 or email
operation of the forklift when edge of the loading dock. email@example.com).
16 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
UNIVERSITY OF TASMANIA
If You Own or Operate an Tops Risk Management Study
Industrial Forklift Truck
(Plant) in Tasmania
1. Employers have duties and
obligations under the Workplace
Health and Safety Act 1995 to
ensure employees and others are
safe from injury and risks by
providing a safe working
environment, safe systems of
work and plant in a safe
condition. To ensure that you are
meeting your duty of care:
• Identify any hazards associated
with the operation of plant at your
workplace and introduce effective
control measures to provide for University of Tasmania’s School of Chemistry Laboratory Manager, Grant Sheperdson
the safe operation of plant. (left) instructs postgraduate student, Helmy Cook, in risk assessment procedures
• Provide operators with The University of Tasmania has also included a complete and
information and instruction in the been ranked first out of 21 thorough review of all existing
safe operation and use of the Australian and New Zealand policies and procedures and the
plant. For example, forklift trucks universities which participated in a offer of free ergonomic
should be operated in accordance recent risk management assessments.
with Australian Standard 2359.2, benchmarking project focusing on Ms Groombridge said every Head
the manufacturer’s safe operating workplace safety. of School had been made a
instructions and any control The project was organised by the responsible officer, meaning that
measures implemented as a result University of New South Wales. they were personally accountable
of the assessment of any hazard As well as achieving the highest for their own area. All have
identified at your workplace. overall ranking, the university received training to ensure that
When operating a forklift truck at was ranked first or equal first in they are fully aware of their
each of the seven occupational responsibilities.
a workplace, the operator must
hold an OHS certificate of health and safety elements of the More than 50 safety
competency endorsed for forklift 10 risk elements that were representatives have also been
truck operation or, if undertaking assessed in terms of systems and appointed and training has also
processes in place. been undertaken for university
training, be under the direct
The manager of the university’s contractors.
supervision of a certificate holder.
Occupational Health and Safety The efforts of the university have
• Ensure plant is serviced and Unit, Leanne Groombridge, said produced some impressive results
maintained in accordance with the the result was due recognition for in terms of workers’ compensation
manufacturers instructions. the university’s efforts over the claims and costs.
2. The forklift truck must comply last 18 months to further develop ‘Our focus on early intervention
its effective policy framework and has seen a 70 per cent reduction in
with a recognised standard, for
preventative programs. the number of our workers’
example, AS 2359.
‘This has been reinforced by an compensation claims over the past
3. It is mandatory that records be extensive OHS training program four years, accompanied by a 70
kept and maintained on each which has raised safety awareness per cent reduction in the cost of
forklift truck, for example, markedly across a large workforce our claims,’ Ms Groombridge said.
records of servicing and of 1500 full-time and part-time ‘This is a direct result of the
maintenance, inspections, any staff,’ she said. university’s emphasis on safety
repairs or alterations, etc. The work undertaken by the awareness and our commitment
Call the Workplace Standards university has involved training in to providing a safe working
Helpline on 1300 366 322 if you areas such as manual handling, environment for our students
need further information. chemicals and risk assessment. It and staff.’
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 17
PRODUCT RECALL . . .
The following industry alert was
produced by EW Cox Inter-
national Pty Ltd, design and
manufacturing engineers. It has
been reproduced to advise owners
of building maintenance units
(BMUs) to thoroughly examine
and test all cable reelers to ensure
that they are operating safely.
The GA Series Rotary Screw Compressor which is currently being recalled
1 August 2000
Atlas Copco has sent out a A BMU incident occurred
notification of a product recently in Brisbane, which
recall of its GA Series resulted in an electric cable
(located between the roof
Rotary Screw Compressor
trolley and the cradle) falling to
and the LE/LT/LF Series the ground. Fortunately, no
Piston Compressors. personal injuries occurred and
The company identified a little property damage.
potential safety problem with The electric cable was
these compressors if service suspended by a Metool Cable
manual guidelines are not Reeler attached to an EW Cox
followed during maintenance. BMU. The apparent cause of
There is a potential electrical the incident was a failure of a
hazard if the electrical plug on the chain drive between the cable
load solenoid is removed without reeler drive mechanism and the
isolating the electrical supply to cable spooling drum.
the compressor. We recommend, as a matter of
To eliminate this potential risk, it priority, that all cable reelers
is necessary to modify the female used in similar applications are
electrical plug to the load thoroughly examined and tested
solenoid in accordance with Atlas to ensure safe operation.
Copco’s modification procedure
The above inspection should
No. 20001 CT.
apply to all BMUs fitted with
A copy of the modification cable reelers, irrespective of the
procedure can be obtained by BMU or cable reeler
contacting Col Smith at Atlas manufacturers.
Copco Compressors National
Service, 3 Bessemer Street, As an additional safety
Blacktown, NSW, 2148, or by precaution, we recommend that
The potentially hazardous electrical plug
on the load solenoid phoning (02) 9621 9696 or where possible, an over-speed
faxing (02) 9621 9699. device is retro fitted to each
18 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
Need help choosing a SERVICE PROVIDER?
Workplace Standards’ rehabilitation, and consultants should not be
Directory of Service insurance. Some interpreted as any reflection on
providers deliver their capabilities or expertise.
Providers has recently been
specific Anyone who does not have web
updated and is now specialised
available on our website access can telephone our Helpline
services in areas
to obtain a copy of the relevant
at www.wsa.tas. such as
section of the Directory.
hygiene, noise and The Directory will be continually
and can be printed free
hearing, ergonomics, updated and if you would like to
of charge. asbestos removal and be included, or tell us of any
This Directory is designed to health and fitness. changes or inaccuracies in the
help you to select The providers listed in information, phone the Helpline
appropriate providers in the the Directory have on 1300 366 322 or
areas of occupational requested to be (03) 6233 7657 (outside
health and safety, workers’ included and Tasmania), or email us at
compensation, omission of specific firstname.lastname@example.org
ADVERTISING SCAMS Escalate.
Since our warning to sounding titles. In one case, the another and considering other
readers to beware of caller gave the impression that he information, it seems possible that
advertising scams in the was a Workplace Standards’ the people making the
officer. The phone calls on behalf
April 2000 edition of
publications of these organ-
Workplace Issues, the
were isations may be
problem has continued. The supposedly the same person.
Workplace Standards’ circulated widely Workplace
Helpline has received throughout Standards
information from a number Tasmania, to strongly
of Tasmanian businesses government advises readers
who have been telephoned agencies and to to be alert to
by someone either selling trade unions. The possible
advertising, or asking for amounts being charged confidence
to place advertisements tricks, and to
money to continue previous
in the magazines varied reject any offer of
advertising. On some between $250 and
occasions when these advertising where you
$450. are asked for money up
‘salesmen’ have been asked
One business received an front, without any proof of the
for more details to verify invoice for the renewal of previous existence of the organisation or
previous advertising, they advertising. On checking, it was the publication.
have hung up. found that the firm had been Workplace Standards officers are
The ‘salesmen’ claimed they were caught out before when a cheque not authorised to approach
representing various occupational had been sent out accidentally. companies on behalf of other
health and safety organisations The magazine had never been organisations, and, as stated
that publish magazines such as seen, however, and possible fraud previously, Workplace Issues does
Health and Safety News, Workplace was suspected. Based on a not accept advertisements.
Safety Gazette and other genuine comparison of this invoice with
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 19
Scope Of The Report introduced, to January 1998 there
was a rapid decline (an average of
million hours worked, representing a
reduction of 4.4% compared to
This report provides a comparison of 1.0% each month). Since January ACFR of 48.5 in 1998–99.
safety performance for industry 1998, the average monthly reduction Four sectors demonstrated
sector groups specified by the levelled off to 0.3%. significantly lower ACFRs than the
Workplace Safety Inspectorate of
The number of claims lodged for the All Industries average. They were
Workplace Standards Tasmania. The
in 1999–2000 was 11,781 a reduction Mines/Quarries & Energy (45.9
charts show a three-year trend from
of 4.8% compared to 12,371 claims claims per million hours worked),
1997–98 to 1999–00 covering the
lodged in 1998–99. The Health/ Rural/Meat/Food & Bev (42.4
twelve-month period from 1 July to
Education/State & Local Government claims per million hours worked),
30 June. The number of claims and
sector, the largest of the ten industry Retail/Entertainment/Hospitality
lost time injuries data were extracted
sectors, recorded the highest number (33.5%) and Clothing/Footwear/
from the Workplace Safety Board’s
of claims (3,408 claims lodged in July Textiles/Miscellaneous (20.7).
data collection. The number of hours
to June 1999–00), a decrease of 5.5% ACFR for Forestry/Logging/
worked used in the rate calculations
compared to the same period for Wood/Paper/Printing (90.5),
was based on unpublished
1998–99. Manufacturing (82.2), Construction
Tasmanian Employment Injuries
Denominator Data, which is Reductions in claim numbers were (67.7), Chemical/ Metallurgical
periodically sourced from the recorded in six out of ten sectors in (62.0) and Freight/ Transport/Ports
Australian Bureau of Statistics. The 1999–00, with the most notable (59.5) substantially higher than the
rates (All Claims Frequency Rate and reductions evident in Clothing/ All Industries average for 1999–00.
Lost Time Injury Frequency Rate) Footwear/Textiles/Miscellaneous Decreases in ACFR were observed
were estimated as the number of (14.1%), Rural/Meat/Food/ among five of the ten sectors, with
claims and number of lost time Beverage (10.0%) and Forestry/ notable reductions in ACFR evident
injuries, respectively, which were Logging/Wood/Paper (8.8%) and in Rural/Meat/Food/Bev (34.1),
incurred during a given period, Retail/Entertainment/Hospitality Clothing/Footwear/
divided by the number of hours (8.2%). Manufacturing (21.2%), Textiles/Miscellaneous (26.6%), and
worked during the same period, Construction (1.5%) and Mines, Mines,Quarries & Energy (19.4).
multiplied by one million. Quarries & Energy (0.2%) experienced Construction experienced the highest
a rise in claim numbers compared to proportional increase, with ACFR
Claim Numbers the same period in 1998–99. increasing by 41.9%, from 49.1
The number of claims lodged claims per million hours worked in
monthly continued to decline in All Claims Frequency Rate 1998–99 to 69.7 in 1999–00. The
1999–00. Between July 1989 and (ACFR) ACFR for the
June 1995, monthly reduction in Average ACFR for All Industries Forestry/Logging/Wood/Paper
claim numbers averaged at 0.2%. declined consistently over the three increased, by 28.6% from 70.3 in
From mid-1995, when the workers’ years. In 1999–00, average ACFR for 1998–99 to 90.5 in 1999–00.
compensation reform package was All Industries was 46.3 claims per
NUMBER OF CLAIMS LODGED
Industry Sector Statistics — Combined Private & Public Sectors
Lodgement Year 1997–98 to 1999–00
Number of Claims Lodged
n/ t t/ t/ g g/ g r/ s n ts gy al
tio ov en lity ea age ur
in in tin ea ou ct
r er gic
ca al G nm pita /M ver t gg rin tw ne n r
du c i l
ra e ac Lo r/P oo ella tru r t/ /E llu
/E o r ta os Ru & B
uf F ns po es et
th L te H an & e
ry p g/ c Co ns rri
al te & En M st Pa in is ra a /M
He ta il/ o d
re d & th M
lo les/ /T Qu ical
ta Fo Fo o t
x igh in em
W Te Fre M Ch
20 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
Forestry/Logging/Wood/Paper/ demonstrated by Rural/Meat/
Lost Time Injury Frequency Printing (38.4) showed the highest Food/Beverages (44.1%),
LTIFR closely followed by Manufacturing (37.2%), Clothing/
LTIFR continued to drop in
Freight/Transport/Ports (34.9), Textiles/Footwear/Misc (32.6%),
1999–00, with a reduction of 16.6%
Construction (33.8) and Retail/Entertainment/ Hospitality
recorded during the period, from
Chemical/Metallurgical (27.0). (18.8%) and Health/Educ/State/
25.2 lost time injuries per million
As well as recording the highest Local Gov (13.9%).
hours worked in 1998–99 to 21.1
for the same period in 1999–00. LTIFR in 1999-00 , Forestry/ Increases in lost time injury were
Log/Wood/Paper also experienced recorded for Chemical/
Sectors with relatively lower LTIFRs
an increase in LTIFR of 20.7% Metallurgical (60.2%),
than the All Industries average in
despite recording a decrease in the Freight/Transport/Ports (35.2%),
1999–00 were Mines/ Quarries &
number of hours worked (29.1%). Construction (33.7%) and Forestry/
Energy (18.9 lost time injuries per
million hours worked), Improvements in LTIFR occurred Logging/Wood & Paper (20.7%).
Retail/Enter/Hospitality (14.6) and in five out of ten sectors in
Clothing/Footwear/Textiles/ 1999–00. The most notable
Miscellaneous (11.5). reductions for lost time injury were
ALL CLAIMS FREQUENCY RATE (ACFR)
Industry Sector Statistics — Combined Private & Public Sectors
Lodgement Year 1997–98 to 1999–00
ACFR (number of claims lodged
per million hours worked)
g/ ng g n l ts n/ t ES y t/ e t/ ty /
gin nti rin ct
io ica Po
r io ov
at G RI rg ea rag en li we eo
og /Pri tu ru lu
t/ uc cal ST
l/M eve m ita ot llan
L ac st al or /E in osp
& er uf n et p
/E Lo DU rie
s ra B ta
an Co ns IN Ru d & g/ c
tr y ap /M lth & ar nt in is
r es & P
/ Tra ea tate AL
Qu Foo i l/E o th s/M
Fo od ht H S
/ ta Cl tile
o em ig in Re x
W Ch Fre M Te
LOST TIME INJURY FREQUENCY RATE (LTIFR)
Industry Sector Statistics — Combined Private & Public Sectors
Lodgement Year 1997–98 to 1999–00
LTIFR (number of lost time injuries
per million hours worked)
g/ r ts n l g n/ t t/ e S gy t/ r/ s
in ing Po tio ica rin tio ov ea ag IE er en lity ea u
gg int t/ c ur
u ca al G /Mever TR En nm pita tw eo
Lo /Pr or tru al
l a d u c al B S s / ai os oo llan
& r p ns et uf /E Lo
Ru & DU rie rt
te H /F e
r y pe ns Co /M an lth & IN ar ng sc
st a Tra al M d L En hi i
re & P t/ ic ea ate oo AL Qu il/ ot s/M
Fo od igh
H t F
/ ta Cl ile
in Re xt
o Fre Ch M Te
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 21
Tamarack Pty Ltd and John A rehabilitation provider for the
Failure to Provide Information, Rodney Vanderwal (director of the injured employee contacted the
Instruction, Training and company) were found guilty of a insurance company because his
Supervision to Ensure Employee breach of section 9(1)(c) of the accounts were not being paid and
Workplace Health and Safety Act was informed the workers’
is Safe 1995 (Failure to provide compensation policy for Classic
(Workplace Health and Safety Act information, instruction, training Video Pty Ltd trading as Video
1995) and supervision reasonably City had expired.
necessary to ensure that the The matter was referred to the
On 27 May 1998, a log struck a log department for investigation. The
employee is safe from injury and
truck driver employed by Tamarack risk to health). investigation revealed the
Pty Ltd during unloading operations employer did not have a current
at the Boyer log yard. The company was fined $10,000 insurance policy.
and the director fined $4,000.
Normal practise is to put the forks of Court Case — 10 August 2000
the log-loading machine under the The maximum fine is $150,000
and $50,000 respectively. Classic Video Pty Ltd trading as
load to secure it; however, this only Video City pleaded guilty to a
secures the load from one side. The breach of Section 97(1) of the
truck driver assisting had trouble Failure to Hold Workers Workers Rehabilitation and
undoing the straps holding the load Compensation Policy Compensation Act 1988.
in place, so he went to the passenger (Workers Rehabilitation and (Failure to maintain a policy of
side of the truck. A log rolled off the Compensation Act 1988) insurance from 16 April 1999 to
truck and hit him on the foot, 1 September 1999).
necessitating the amputation of all An employee of Classic Video Pty
Ltd trading as Video City was The employer was fined $10,000.
the toes on that foot. assaulted at work and made a claim The maximum fine is $50,000.
Court Case — 31 July 2000 for workers’ compensation.
Tasmanian Julienne Antoinette Thursby,
Heath Kennard William Thursby
as Hawks View Organic Farm, did
not appear in court and as such an
Industrial and Ronald George Willis, trading ex-parte hearing was granted.
as Hawks View Organic Farm, to The Magistrate found the employer
forward to the Secretary, Depart- guilty of a breach of section 75(8)
ment of Infrastructure, Energy and of the Industrial Relations Act 1984
Resources, Workplace Standards (Failure to comply with an order of
Failure to Comply with Tasmania, a true copy of records of the Tasmanian Industrial
Tasmanian Industrial employment by not later than 5.00 Commission in relation to records
Commission Order to forward p.m. Thursday 27 May 1999. of employment).
records of employment to The records of employment were The employer was fined a total of
Department not forwarded by the date ordered. $1,000.
(Industrial Relations Act 1984) Court Case—17 August 2000 The maximum fine is $2,000.
On 20 May 1999, the President of William Alexander Thursby, The Industrial Relations Act 1984
the Tasmanian Industrial Comm- Julienne Antoinette Thursby, requires the employer to comply with
ission made an order requiring Heath Kennard William Thursby an order of the Tasmanian
William Alexander Thursby, and Ronald George Willis, trading Industrial Commission.
Consumer Affairs has Product Safety Recalls in Site
An Internet site has been provide sufficient information to you can list all the electrical
established to notify consumers consumers to enable them to be equipment recalls from 1996
about product recalls. informed of the risk a product may onwards. There are also sections
The Product Safety Recalls site is pose, allowing them the chance to listing the latest recalls and all
coordinated by Consumer Affairs, take appropriate action. currently active recalls.
which is a Division of the You can search for items on the The Product Safety Recalls site can
Commonwealth Department of site by product name or type. For be found at
the Treasury. The site aims to example, by typing in ‘electrical’ http://recalls.consumer.gov.au
22 WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000
SAFETY ALERTS — Published by other agencies
Workplace Standards Tasmania has received the Safety Alerts listed below in the last quarter.
For copies phone 1300 366 322.
CODE TITLE AUTHOR
01 Safety alert
Chain and wire rope lifting slings and assemblies Bullivants Lifting & Safety Specialists
02 Significant Incident Summary
Eye injuries WorkSafe Western Australia
03 Significant Incident Summary
Conditions for legionella growth — evaporative air-conditioning unit WorkSafe Western Australia
04 Significant Incident Summary
Lifting concrete liner by mechanical means WorkSafe Western Australia
05 Significant Incident Summary
Young worker injured by power press WorkSafe Western Australia
06 Significant Incident Summary
Crush injury from patient trolley WorkSafe Western Australia
07 Safety Alert
Near miss incident with ride-on lawn mower Mineral Resources New South Wales
08 Safety Alert
Truck driver fatally injured in weighbridge incident Mineral Resources New South Wales
09 Safety Alert
Security and safety highlighted in bobcat ride at quarry Mineral Resources New South Wales
10 Significant Incident Summary
Forklift driver dies in forklift accident WorkSafe Western Australia
11 WorkCover Safety Alert
Formwork component failure due to poor welding WorkCover Victoria
12 WorkCover Safety Guidance Note
Perimeter formwork construction WorkCover Victoria
13 Significant Incident Summary
Equipment fitted to work vehicles WorkSafe Western Australia
14 Significant Incident Summary
Manual handling stock from storage shelving WorkSafe Western Australia
15 Significant Incident Summary
Bulk rubbish collection truck moves off when driver vacates driver’s seat WorkSafe Western Australia
16 Significant Incident Summary
Employee injured whilst scuba diving to retrieve rock lobster pot WorkSafe Western Australia
17 Significant Incident Summary
Modified forklift alarms WorkSafe WorkSafe Western Australia
18 Significant Incident Summary
Slips, trips and falls hospitality industry WorkSafe Western Australia
19 Significant Incident Summary
Yard Hand’s forearm and wrist crushed WorkSafe Western Australia
20 WorkCover Safety Alert
Wrong bracing inserts cause tilt-up panel collapse WorkCover Victoria
21 WorkCover Safety Alert
Recycling truck fatality WorkCover Victoria
All Queensland Workplace Health and Safety Information Sheets and Alerts
are now available through the Internet at www.detir.qld.gov.au/hs/hs.htm
WORKPLACE ISSUES NO. 14 OCTOBER 2000 23
Please add my name to your mailing list to receive
YES! Workplace Issues free of charge four times a year.
Telephone No: Fax No:
HOBART LAUNCESTON BURNIE
30 Gordons Hill Road Henty House Reece House
(PO Box 56) 1 Civic Square 46 Mount Street (PO Box 287)
ROSNY PARK 7018 LAUNCESTON 7250 BURNIE 7320
Phone: 1300 366 322 (inside Tasmania)
(03) 6233 7657 (outside Tasmania)
Fax: (03) 6233 8338