Switzerland in Progress
Electric Vehicle Symposium EVS-19, Busan October 2002
Electric Vehicles in
Switzerland in 2002
Switzerland in Progress
As a consequence of its well known pilot and demonstration projects
and thanks to successful research and development work done by in-
Editorial 2 stitutes and small to medium sized companies,Switzerland has gained
Switzerland in Progress a reputation as one of the leading countries in the ﬁeld of electric and
Highlights 3 In 2001,two signiﬁcant pilot and demonstration projects with the in-
Electric Vehicles in Switzerland in 2002 troduction of electric and hybrid vehicles into the market were com-
pleted: the large scale ﬂeet test of Mendrisio and the CityCar project
Vehicles 4 in Martigny. These electric vehicle projects had the characteristics of
Dolphin – From the Racetrack to the Store involving the citizens directly in order to sensitize the population for
A new Class of Vehicle: SAM – all the Essentials in a Nutshell this environmental friendly means of transport.The Mendrisio pro-
ject continues on a larger scale including all the Canton Ticino
Research & Development 5 with some 300 000
ESORO – Technology for Environmental Friendly Mobility inhabitants.
autork – the most Miniaturized Drive-Train of the World The nationwide
Components 6 gramme promotes
BRUSA market introduction
Protoscar E-Totem of e-bikes and
LEMnet: Directory for Recharging Possibilities e-scooters. In 2002
MES-DEA – Components for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles nine Swiss cities
have participated in
Swiss Policy 8 this programme in
Incentives for the Intelligent Use of Energy in Switzerland order to support the
Promotion 9 these efficient two-
e’mobile – Promoting Zero and Low Emission Vehicles wheelers.
NewRide – Electric Two-Wheelers in Swiss Cities The research and de-
VEL 2 – Moving Towards Sustainable Mobility in Ticino velopment pro-
grammes in Switzer-
land are mainly fo-
cused on high per-
formance components necessary for the efficient vehicle of
tomorrow. The scope extends from electric control systems to energy
Impressum storage devices and elements such as batteries or supercapacitors. A
vehicle, equipped with a polymer electrolyte fuel cell and superca-
«Switzerland in Progress» has been published by the Swiss Association for Electric an Efficient pacitors to store the braking energy, succeeded in a ﬁrst test run over
Vehicles, e’mobile, in cooperation with the VEL2 project and with the support of SwissEnergy. the Simplon Pass in the Alps.
These activities show the dynamism of the Swiss economy which
e’mobile boldly is engaged in upholding sustainable development. «Switzer-
Gerbergasse 5 land in Progress» presents a selection of projects and products develo-
Box 6410 ped in our small but innovative country.
Phone: +41 1 226 51 22 October 2002
Fax: +41 1 226 51 91
Internet: www.e-mobile.ch René Bautz
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org President of the Swiss Association for Electric and Efficient Vehicles,
2 EVS 19, October 2002
Electric Vehicles in Switzerland in 2002
Electric Bikes on the Forefront of the Swiss Market ers and at promoting them as convenient means of individual trans-
According to the information given by retailers there are 3000 to port in towns (p. 10).This programme started in ﬁve towns in Can-
4000 electric bikes circulating on Swiss roads.Almost 1000 of them ton Berne in 2001.With the towns of Basel and Zurich joining early
have been sold in 2002. This makes the e-bikes and the fast Swiss in 2002 NewRide became a national programme.
brands Flyer and Dolphin in
particular the currently most Successful Start of VEL2 in Ticino
successful electric vehicles on Concept Vehicles Breaking Records The VEL2 Project in Canton
the Swiss market. High-speed electric bike Ticino in southern Switzer-
The number of electric cars, Three very different concept vehicles broke records in the last 12 months. First was the Intelli- land promotes all kinds of effi-
three-wheelers and scooters on Bike of the University of Applied Science in Bienne. On the 3025 km long World Solar Challenge cient vehicles including elec-
Swiss roads remains at a con- across Australia the Swiss team reached a top speed of just over 100 km/h with this ultra light tric and hybrid electric vehi-
stant level of an estimated 3000 and energy efficient electric bike (page 8). cles (p. 11).VEL2 is the follow-
vehicles. This stagnation is Fuel Cells at 2006 m up project of the successful
largely due to a very restricted In February the news of another record hit the headlines when researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute large-scale fleet test with
offer of vehicles and a lack of PSI drove their hydrogen powered «Hy.Power» concept car to the 2006 m high Simplon Pass at tem- lightweight electric vehicles
promotion by their Swiss im- peratures far below 0 °C. Never before had a hydrogen powered fuel cell car reached such altitudes. (LEVs) in Mendrisio, which
porters. This doesn’t include gained world-wide reputa-
Toyota’s Prius, the only hybrid tion.Within a few weeks from
electric vehicle on the Swiss the official launch of VEL2 in
market, which has been adver- October 2001 four «InfoVEL»
tised widely and of which some information centres have
350 vehicles have been sold in opened in the towns of
Switzerland so far. Bellinzona, Lugano, Locarno
New Legislation for Electric Bikes
Electric bikes with motor assi- Sustainable Development in
stance to a maximum speed of Neuchâtel
25 km/h or motor power of up In spring 2002 the town of
to 250 W may get a boost as Neuchâtel in the French
from 1 April 2003 when new The fuel cells have been developed at the PSI near Zurich together with the Swiss Federal In- speaking part of Switzerland
legislation will be introduced. stitute of Technology Zurich. Some electricity is stored in supercapacitors developed by the Swiss has presented a programme to
Recently the Swiss government company Montena Components Ltd. in collaboration with the Swiss Federal Institute of Tech- promote sustainable develop-
agreed to introduce a new cate- nology Lausanne. Last summer this French Swiss company has merged with Maxwell Tech- ment. Part of this programme is
gory of two-wheelers including nologies Inc. in San Diego, California. the promotion of electric vehi-
these bikes.This new legislation Driving on Supercapacitors only cles, primarily electric scooters,
sets them on the same level as Montena components Ltd. also provided supercapacitors for the Tohyco Rider hybrid electric bus and other efficient vehicles.
conventional bicycles, which of the University of Applied Science of Central Switzerland near Lucerne. This bus had its ﬁrst pub- They also installed several public
means that a driver’s license is lic showdown shortly before summer holidays. This serial hybrid bus runs up to 5 km on super- recharging stationsfor electric
no longer compulsory and that capacitors only that are recharged by induction. scooters.
they don’t have to pass a techni-
cal type certiﬁcation.These two points have been major obstacles on Waiting for SAM
the Swiss market for many of the imported electric bikes.They have The presentation of the very special three-wheeler SAM by Cree (p.4)
deterred several manufacturers from exporting such electric bikes last year spurred a broad public interest.Late in 2001 a pre-series of 80
into Switzerland. vehicles have been tested by the public in Zurich and Basle.The spe-
cial feeling of riding this cute electric vehicle made most of the test-
Nation-Wide Promotion of Electric Two-Wheelers drivers quite enthusiastic.A growing number of Swiss is now wait-
The success of electric bikes is also due to the NewRide programme, ing for the start of production of SAM and its official launch on the
which aims at improving market conditions for electric two-wheel- market. e’mobile
Swiss Catalogue 3
Dolphin – from the Racetrack to the Store A new Class of Vehicle: SAM – all the Essentials in a Nutshell
The Dolphin E-Bike has been the winner of most solar and electric SAM is a new Swiss vehicle developed and manufactured by Cree Ltd.
bicycle races worldwide in recent years,such as the World Champion- of Biel.The three-wheeler is powered by an electric motor,has a range
ship in Akita, Japan, the HPV Championship in Berlin and the World of 50 to 70 kilometers and is designed for city and local use.
Solar Challenge in Australia. The introduction of the successful
power-bike into the market aims at giving a large number of cus-
tomers access to racing fun and a new lifestyle. Dolphin is a high
quality Swiss made electric bicycle that combines design and com-
fort with the most powerful and fastest drive system on the market.
The overall SAM concept is reduced to bare essentials.The two-seat
vehicle has everything a vehicle needs, and nothing more. It is an in-
novative vehicle concept to reduce everything to the bare essentials
in terms of the product and its manufacture,sale and recycling. SAM
accelerates from 0 to 50 km/h in 7 seconds and has a top speed of
85 km/h. It can also handle short distances on the highway.
A prototype series of 80 SAM vehicles has been test driven in two
Swiss cities by the public.Cree is currently negotiating with partners
and investors to set up license production,marketing and sales in var-
The worldwide racing success is based on the «Intelli-Variomat», a Cree Ltd.,headquartered in Biel,was founded in 1996 to develop an
patented gear-train providing a continuously variable transmission. internationally patented contemporary vehicle for local use, with a
The «Intelli-Drive» electronic system is inte-
grated in the battery case and controls motor
power and gear ratio of the continuously vari-
able transmission according to the pedaling ca-
dence. It allows cruising in city traffic without
shifting gears.The system provides a variety of
luxury features such as theft protection by per-
sonal electronic access code, modiﬁcation of the power ratio via the
operation board, energy saving options and adjustment to the rider’s
The small company Dolphin E-Bikes was founded by Michael Kut-
ter who is specialized in the development of efficient hybrid vehi-
cles and drive systems.The Dolphin power-bike started a small se-
ries of high quality power bikes.
Many of the Dolphin design parts are handcrafted with ﬁnest materials.
The battery box can be removed in seconds and charged separately from carefully crafted overall concept that sets it apart from any vehicle
the vehicle with the integrated fast now available.The company staff and owners are experienced spe-
charger within 1h 30m.The basic cialists in the ﬁelds of automo-
version is equipped with NiCd tive design, electric and hybrid
batteries. The upgrade with Michael Kutter propulsion systems, plastic tech-
NiMH batteries provides a range Jurastrasse 52, P.O.Box nology, strategic corporate Solothurnstrasse 154
of up to 40km. CH-4002 Basel management and finance. CH-2504 Biel - Bienne
Riding the ﬁrst «Formula 1» bi- Phone: +41 61 363 09 50 Phone: +41 32 344 31 11
cycle available on the market Fax: +41 61 363 09 51 Fax: +41 32 344 31 13
makes the rider feel very power- Internet: www.velocity.ch Internet: www.cree.ch
ful just like using some strong E-Mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 EVS 19, October 2002
Research & Development
Technology for Environmental Friendly Mobility The most Miniaturized Drive-Train of the World
ESORO is an independent Swiss engineering company with high Autork’s complete set of hardware and software components for
innovation potential. Since its foundation in 1990, ESORO devel- control systems is optimized for the management of energy ﬂows up
ops technology for to several kWs. Main applications are vehicles with electric traction,
environmental such as ultra lightweight scooters, or systems for distributed renew-
friendly mobility. able energy production.
Autork’s key competence is the fast implementation of its tech-
Core competences nology according to customers speciﬁcations.
of ESORO are: The distributed control system uses a CAN-bus. It is optimized for
low cost production and its embedded software is designed for high
s Product and safety standards.The power-electronics for lightweight vehicles are
Component Design PowerNet
ESORO offers the entire engineering cycle (conception, CAD, FEM, 42V-compati-
prototyping, validation) from feasibility study to prototyping or pi- ble.
s New Production Processes for FRP’s design by ecomotion
ESORO develops production technologies for ﬁbre reinforced plastics bike GmbH, Harald
(FRP) to produce lightweight structures and components. A pilot Kutzke
plant and test facilities ensure efficient data ﬂows, know-how gener-
ation and development cycles.
For the application of this system in chainless electronic cycles,
s Sustainable Drive Trains where a pedalled generator transforms human power efficiently into
Innovative drive trains, such as fuel cell systems, are developed and
integrated. ESORO has more than 12 years of experience in develop- Main controller and
ing sustainable drive trains. main switch for the
42 V PowerNet-bus to
s Concept Vehicles propel small scooters
ESORO develops concept vehicles for exhibitions such as the Geneva and electronic cycles
Motor Show from scratch to the working prototype. (7 x 18 cm2)
HyCar is a working fuel cell
concept car. It is powered by a electricity to directly propel a drive motor, autork became the win-
fuel cell system and a battery ner of the WALL STREET JOURNAL EUROPE 2001 INNOVATION AWARD in
in hybrid conﬁguration. The the category business/transportation! The feature «chainless» of cy-
fuel is hydrogen that is stored cles with autork’s drive-train
in two high pressure tanks be- perfectly complements public
hind the seats and allows for a range of 360 km. A 35 kW electric transport and automobiles.
motor accelerates the car up to 120 km/h. HyCar has been devel-
oped and manufactured entirely by ESORO. Among other tasks the
autork ltd. operations
project included the conception
of the vehicle and the drive Dr. Andreas Fuchs
train, real-time simulation of the Gutenbergstrasse 24
fuel cell system, virtual mock- Taemperlistrasse 10 CH-3011 Bern
up, hard- and software control, CH-8117 Faellanden Phone: +41 31 301 56 36
integration of the fuel cell stack, Phone: +41 1 887 04 40 Fax: +41 31 301 56 36
manufacturing and assembling Fax: +41 1 887 04 50 Mobile: +41 79 294 06 93
of the vehicle as well as station- Internet: www.esoro.ch Internet: www.autork.com
ary and mobile testing.For more E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
information, see www.hycar.ch.
Swiss Catalogue 5
BRUSA Elektronik AG is an engineering company specialized in de-
velopment, prototyping, test and small series production of highest
efficient power electronics for electric vehicles. Founded in 1985,
BRUSA built the ﬁrst purpose designed AC induction drive system for
electric vehicles in 1988.Today BRUSA is specialized in highly effi- The E-Totem is a public charging station
cient drive systems, lightweight on-board battery chargers and all for electric vehicles and consists of:
kinds of very compact and powerful DC/DC-converters. Our de- – an exterior body in thermoplastic with
vices are used worldwide in high performance electric and hybrid two ventilation grills;
vehicles of several well known automotive manufacturers. – a zinc-coated steel frame with standard
The company moved recently to a new facility of more than proﬁles for the mounting of the electrical
4000 m2 to sustain its constant growth and to provide small to devices.This structure is also used for
medium scale in-house production. the ﬁxing of the socket-panel;
– a ﬂange in the thermoplastic body for the
ﬁxing of the body to the inner structure;
– an upper door with Park & Charge lock and gas springs;
– a lower door, with lock type Kaba 5000, which allows the ac-
cess to the main circuit breaker and to the energy meter .
The E-Totem is certiﬁed with protection degree IP44.The E-
Totem can be delivered with the following optional accessories:
base, side protections and road sign.The E-Totem is available in
3 versions characterized by the following combinations of 230
volt electric sockets:
– 1x10A + 1x16A + 1x32A
– 1x10A + 2x16A
The E-Totem works without money.In Europe it is very easy to op-
Among the latest products is a very compact 30kW AC motor con- erate thanks to the Park&Charge System (www.ecs-ﬁve.ch).For the
troller. It is suited for AC induction motors as well as for permanent payment of the energy,the user buys a yearly ﬂat-rate «energy card»
magnet synchronous motors. Such drives can be used as propulsion and sticks it behind the windscreen. A key is supplied with the card
systems for smaller transporta- which allows the access to the charging stations.To reach the sock-
tion applications as well as for ets drivers of electric vehicles simply open the upper door with this
powerful auxiliaries such as air key, insert the cable into the socket and close and lock the door.
compression in on-board fuel The E-Totem is manufactured by Protoscar Ltd, a design and engi-
cell systems. neering company that has been active for over 10 years in the ﬁeld of
Furthermore,the 5th generation alternative fuel vehicle development.So far,over 250 E-Totems have
on-board charger NLG5 has been sold in 7 countries worldwide.The ﬁrst one has been success-
been introduced, which allows fully in operation since 1995.
domestic charging at unspeci-
ﬁed wall sockets and accelerated
charging at enhanced infrastruc-
BRUSA Elektronik AG
ture (due to SAE 1772 standard) Design & Engineering
as well.The charger is controlled Neudorf 14 CH-6821 Rovio
by CAN or by an internal bat- CH-9466 Sennwald Phone: +41 91 649 60 60
tery management system (PC Phone: +41 81 758 19 00 Fax +41 91 649 72 70
programmable via RS 232). A Fax: +41 81 758 19 99 Internet: www.protoscar.com
ﬂexible software concept allows Internet: www.brusa.biz E-mail: email@example.com
easy adding of speciﬁc customer E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
6 EVS 19, October 2002
LEMnet: Directory for Recharging Possibilities
Finding a socket to charge an electric vehicle is usually no problem in
Switzerland.There are over 500 restaurants, hotels, shopping centers
and various other places as well as private persons listed in a directory
called LEMnet, where EV-drivers are welcome to recharge the bat-
teries of their vehicles.This directory also gives details on tourist at-
tractions nearby and is accessible on www.twikeklub.ch/LEMnet.
Park&Charge: Standardized System of Low Cost Public Charging Stations
LEMnet includes over 200 public charging stations of the low cost
system of Park&Charge.These offer recharging facilities and park-
ing lots reserved for EVs. One single key gives drivers access to all Park&Charge
the boxes or pylons with sockets allowing three vehicles to charge at
the same time. Some of the stations offer accelerated charging at c/o Swiss Electromobile Club
7 kW/32 A. Energy costs are paid either by a yearly ﬂat rate or by a Im Schossacher 22
day ticket.To use the reserved and marked parking lots vehicles re- CH-8600 Dübendorf
quire a special EV sticker. Phone: +41 1 820 24 55
In Switzerland the network of these public recharging stations is Fax: +41 1 820 24 44
gradually extended. Furthermore, Park&Charge has also been intro- Internet: www.ecs-ﬁve.ch
duced in Germany,Austria, Lichtenstein, Italy and France. E-mail: email@example.com
Swiss Catalogue 7
Incentives for the Intelligent Use of Energy in Switzerland
In ratifying the Kyoto agreement Switzerland has committed itself e'mobile association (p. 9) is doing its share to promote the most
to a ten per cent reduction of fossil fuel consumption from the 1990 energy-efficient vehicles,including electric and hybrid vehicles,with
level by the year 2010. The Federal Office of Energy, the Federal its EcoCar project.
Office for the Environment, Forests and Landscape and the Federal
Office for Regional Planning share responsibility for efforts to re- Encouraging Technical Development
duce fossil fuel consumption. The SFOE also provides support for research and for «pilot and
The potential for reduction is particularly great in the ﬁeld of trans- demonstration» projects aimed at reducing energy consumption.
port, which accounts for roughly a third of the total demand, almost One of the main areas of focus for federal subsidies is electric vehi-
exclusively consisting of fossil cles (EVs) and hybrid electric
fuels. Mobility is therefore a key IntelliBike – a cycle using electricity intelligently vehicles (HEVs). Electric bikes
sector. such as the Dolphin (p. 4) and
Flyer power bikes and the SAM
SwissEnergy Programme (p. 4) three-wheeler are popular
The Swiss Federal Office of examples. The SFOE also sup-
Energy (SFOE) is responsible ports developments in the areas
for SwissEnergy, a government of infrastructure such as
programme that promotes Park&Charge (p. 7) and public
renewable forms of energy and charging stations such as the
efficient energy use. This pro- E-Totem (p. 6).
gramme involves the cantons, Another of its areas of interest
numerous municipalities, the concerns components such as
energy industry, environmental chargers by BRUSA (p. 6) and the
and consumer organisations. ZEBRA battery by MES-DEA
SwissEnergy succeeded the (p. 7).
Energy 2000 programme. It was The Paul Scherrer Institute and
launched in January 2001 and is the ETH-Zurich have devel-
to run for 10 years. oped a drive train combining
In the area of road transport, super-capacitors and fuel cells in
measures aimed at achieving the One of the most challenging projects of the Technical school in Biel has been to develop the collaboration with Montena
required reduction include reg- Intelli-Bike electric racing cycle for the World Solar Challenge in Australia. The cycle is lightweight (p. 3). They tested the system
ulations and, in particular, a on account of its carbon ﬁbre frame and lithium polymer battery. The wheel hub motor has a successfully in a German limou-
goods declaration to be intro- maximum output of 1000 W. Its efficiency level reaches 96% at 570 revolutions a minute and sine, driving it to the top of the
duced in 2003. An agreement 13 Nm. The intelligent motor steering takes account of pedalling frequency, rider performance Simplon Pass at an altitude of
with the Swiss association for and heartbeat. Energy consumption was 1.8kWh per 100km at an average speed of 66 km/h 2006 m and a temperature of
car importers to reduce CO2- on the 3025 km long course across Australia. about -10°C.
emissions for new cars and crite-
ria concerning the energy consumption of motor vehicles together Promoting a Rational use of Energy
with a variety of incentives are other important measures. The most important transport-related project was the six-year large-
With the aid of training, infor- scale ﬂeet test of lightweight electric vehicles in Mendrisio in the
mation, incentives and the southern part of the Italian-speaking Swiss canton of Ticino. It offi-
SwissEnergy goods declaration SwissEnergy cially closed on 30 June 2001 and was succeeded byVEL2 (p.11).This
should bring about a shift from project is to run until 2005 and promotes all kinds of energy-efficient
CH-3003 Berne private vehicles to public trans- vehicles throughout the canton.VEL2 is seen as a vital step on the way
Phone: +41 31 322 56 11 port,promote the use of bicycles towards a sustainable mobility lifestyle.
Fax: +41 31 323 25 00 and the purchase of energy-effi- Like the Federal Government, many Swiss cantons and communes
Internet: www.swiss-energy.ch cient vehicles.By supporting the also promote electric vehicles as part of their own projects. The
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Eco-Drive project it encourages most important of these is NewRide that promotes electric two-
more efficient driving. The wheelers (p. 10).
8 EVS 19, October 2002
Promoting Zero and Low Emission Vehicles
e’mobile is the Swiss association of electric and other efficient vehi-
cles.Its main activities focus on the promotion of electric vehicles and
all other vehicles that use energy efficiently and have low emissions.
The most important project of e’mobile is EcoCar that aims at speed-
ing up market introduction of zero and low emission vehicles. As a
SwissEnergy project EcoCar is supported by the Swiss government.
The goals of e’mobile are achieved by
s running a regional information centre in the French,the German
and the Italian speaking part of Switzerland offering an unbiased
s offering test-drives of electric and hybrid electric vehicles sold on
the Swiss market as well as arranging test-drives with natural gas
s participating in exhibitions and other events;
s providing up-to-date information in three languages on the
homepage www.e-mobile.ch; At the yearly International Motor Show in Geneva e’mobile provides information
s publishing the newsletter EcoCar News with background infor- on energy-efficient vehicles.
mation on selected subjects such as ways of how to reduce CO2-
emissions of cars and on pilot and demonstration projects;
s supporting its members by its media service and by distributing
s offering advise by its network of experts in all ﬁelds concerning
electric and hybrid vehicles.
The members of e’mobile represent
s the Swiss vehicle and components manufacturing industry
s the international car industry
s battery manufacturers
s electricity suppliers
s research institutes and public authorities
s automobile associations including the Electromobile Club of
Switzerland ECS, which represents EV drivers.
The expert groups of e’mobile work on technical development, in-
frastructure, marketing and policies.
e’mobile is an affiliated member of the European association
AVERE, which is part of the World Electric Association WEVA. The regional information centres arrange test-drives.
Every year e’mobile organizes more than 20 exhibitions with Ride&Drive for electric and other efficient vehicles.
Ch. de Mornex 6
Phone: +41 21 310 30 70
Fax: +41 21 310 30 40
Swiss Catalogue 9
NewRide – Electric Two-Wheelers in Swiss Cities
Promotion by Improving Market Conditions serve as platforms for the dealers who can beneﬁt not only from the
NewRide is a Swiss national programme to enhance the market in- event itself but also from the publicity by joint advertising.
troduction of electric two-wheelers.The main activities are: strength-
ening the commitment of the manufacturers and importers, improv- Community Based Promotion
ing the competence of the local dealers (NewRide-dealers) and cre- Intensive promotion by the local authorities, which was also sup-
ating local networks which provide communication platforms as part ported by the NewRide programme management increased the
of the market introduction.In 2002 nine Swiss cities are participating. public awareness and – because of the programme’s governmental
The main objective of NewRide is to promote electric two-wheelers background – the conﬁdence in the new products.
by improving the market conditions for the suppliers (manufac- Subsidies are not a main issue of NewRide.Nevertheless,NewRide-
turers, importers, dealers). cities are free to support the promotion of the market introdution by
The vehicle assortment of the NewRide programme consists of nine ﬁnancial incentives.Actually, the two cities of Basel and Zurich are
brands of electric two wheelers with a total of more than 20 differ- offering a subsidy of 10 and 20 % respectively on the purchase price.
There is a close collaboration of NewRide with vehicle manufac- Highly Appreciated Programme
turers and importers.The manufacturers and importers made com- NewRide’s approach of improving the conditions for the market in-
mitments for better dealer training. Furthermore, they provide ve- troduction of electric two-wheelers according to the means and
hicles for NewRide exhibitions and participate in joint advertising. skills of the partners seems to be promising.The programme is highly
The main information tool is the website www.newride.ch, con- appreciated by local authorities as well as the media and the general
taining information on the
– NewRide (description of
– Vehicle catalogue
– NewRide-dealer label NewRide am Rennweg: A weekly exhibition with Ride&Drive in summer 2002 in the main
In spring 2002 NewRide introduced the label «NewRide-dealer» shopping street of Zurich.
that obliges the dealer to acquire the necessary skills for a profes-
sional advice and aftersales service. Physically the label is a vignette public.However,the ﬁnal break-through of electric two-wheelers in
which is sticked on the shop window.The dealers beneﬁt from the terms of sales has not yet been achieved.
training offered by NewRide, from promotion campaigns and from With 7 000 000 residents only
experience exchange. Switzerland seems to be too
NewRide-cities are organising exhibitions with Ride&Drive.This small for a large market intro-
can be done as part of a trade fair or as a separate event.These events duction of electric two-wheel- c/o IKAÖ, University of Berne
ers. In order to reach a sufficient Heidi Hofmann
market penetration,which justi- Falkenplatz 16
ﬁes an industrial production, an CH-3012 Bern
internationally coordinated pro- Tel +41 31 631 39 25
motion is needed. Fax +41 31 631 87 33
The A4-sized sticker for NewRide-dealer E-mail: email@example.com
(Händler = dealer) is put on a shop window.
10 EVS 19, October 2002
Moving Towards Sustainable Mobility in Ticino
City smog and pollution are issues faced daily throughout Europe. The project aims at preparing the market as well as promoting all
All over Europe different measures are put in place to overcome this kinds of efficient vehicles – e-bikes, mopeds and cars with different
pressing issue. For example, in many cities of northern Italy private traction technologies – by the end of 2005.
traffic is stopped on Sundays when critical levels are reached. How- The main goal of the project is to change the behavior of the pop-
ever, the effectiveness of such measures is doubtable. Perhaps their ulation and to move towards sustainable mobility.A further goal is
biggest impact is that they make people aware of health hazards to reach a critical mass of vehicles circulating in the Canton Ticino
caused by traffic.The report «On the Move» commissioned by the in order to lower the barriers to enter the market.
Department of Health, NHS Executive London, claims that air pol- The project is unique in that VEL2 involves the population of the
lution is responsible for the deaths of one in a hundred Londoners. Canton in a concrete and effective way by offering subsidies in di-
Longer-term sustainable solutions involving changes of lifestyles are rect proportion to the CO2 emissions of the vehicle purchased.
probably the answer to this issue. Through the VEL2 project the Canton Ticino and the Confeder-
In Switzerland the idea of a pilot project grew out of the need to test ation of Switzerland promote the development of sustainable mo-
the impact of the introduction of lightweight electric vehicles in a ge- bility by actively involving and rewarding the population.
ographically limited area after sci- The VEL2 project can be seen
entiﬁc and industrial research led as a necessary bridge towards a
to new technologies in this ﬁeld. sustainable mobility lifestyle.
Consequently, in 1995 the ﬁrst Considering the need to re-
VEL project (1995-2001) started spond to different international
in the area of Mendrisio in south- treaties and agreements to re-
ern Switzerland with 17 600 in- duce air pollution, Switzerland
habitants. The ﬁrst phase of the will benefit greatly from the
VEL experience has conﬁrmed VEL2 experience. New gener-
the applicability and effective- The VEL2 project can be seen as a necessary bridge towards a sustainable mobility lifestyle. ation vehicles could be sup-
ness of the new technologies. ported by new laws allowing
The positive results led to an evolution of the project from the local incentives such as tax scales based on CO2 emissions and similar
area of Mendrisio to the whole of the Canton Ticino with an ex- rewarding options.
panded range of new generation vehicles.
Growing Range of «Veicoli Efficienti Leggeri»
VEL2 Prepares the Market for Efficient Vehicles Within its ﬁrst year the VEL2 project could register 370 vehicles
VEL2 now stands for light efficient vehicles which comply with the (50% cars, 50% two-wheelers).Another 150 requests were pending
EURO4 standards and have CO2 emissions lower than 120 g per km. in summer 2002.The number of different vehicles promoted by the
project has increased in the ﬁrst 12 month. Particularly the range of
After the ﬁrst year the range of vehicles is considerably more diverse than at the start of VEL2. two-wheelers rose from 9 at the start of the project to 16 now.
VEL2 is currently evaluating the possibility to add CNG-vehicles to
the project. This would enhance the range of family cars that are
largely absent in the project at present. However, the necessary in-
frastructure has ﬁrst to be set up as so far there is no CNG fuel sta-
tion available in the Canton Ticino.
For more information please
visit our website: www.vel2.ch
VEL2 Project c/o InfoVEL
Via Angelo Maspoli 15
Phone: +41 91 646 06 06
Fax: +41 91 646 05 35
Swiss Catalogue 11
Swiss Association for Electric and Efficient Vehicles
This catalogue has been sponsored by