U.S. History, Chapter 24, STUDY GUIDE

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					Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________                                ID: A


U.S. History, Chapter 24, STUDY GUIDE

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

                        Cause


                         Effect
              People of Japanese heritage
             were relocated from the West
                Coast and confined in
                  internment camps

____    1. Which of the following best completes the chart above?
           a. Military officials found evidence that the Japanese American community in California harbored
               enemy spies.
           b. The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was formed.
           c. Military officials feared that Japanese Americans would engage in sabotage.
           d. The Barnette ruling was handed down by the Supreme Court.
____    2. What was a major weakness of the British military early in World War II?
           a. The British people did not have the will to fight.
           b. It did not have enough ships to form convoys to protect ships from U-boat attacks.
           c. It did not have an effective secret code.
           d. The harsh winter in Britain made it difficult to move troops and supplies to the front.
____    3. A crucial objective for Allied forces in World War II was to
           a. save as many Jewish people as possible.
           b. protect Turkey from German invasion.
           c. protect shipping.
           d. knock the Egyptians out of the war.
____    4. How did Adolf Hitler build support for Nazi anti-semitism?
           a. by blaming Aryans for economic woes and appealing to injured German pride
           b. by widely publicizing the operation of extermination camps
           c. by blaming Jews for economic woes and appealing to injured German pride
           d. by conquering several European countries
____    5. What was the significance of the Battle of Midway?
           a. It led to the success of D-Day.
           b. It was the first success of the American navy in World War II.
           c. It changed the entire balance of power in the Pacific.
           d. It devastated American morale.
____    6. For American soldiers, one of the most feared aspects of the war in the Pacific was the
           a. willingness of Japanese soldiers to fight to the death.
           b. likelihood of nuclear attack.
           c. difficulty of identifying who the enemy was.
           d. unpredictability of U-Boat attacks.




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Name: ________________________                                                                                    ID: A


____    7. What event caused Germany to surrender?
           a. the liberation of Jews from the extermination camps
           b. the dropping of the atomic bomb
           c. the loss of the Battle of the Bulge
           d. Hitler’s suicide
____    8. After heavy early losses from U-boat attacks, the Allies first chose what strategy to protect their ships?
           a. using advanced sonar devices to detect U-boats
           b. traveling in large convoys that included armed ships
           c. using new torpedo technology to sink U-boats before they could attack
           d. breaking the German code so that U-boat movements could be tracked
____    9. German forces in North Africa were led by
           a. Hermann Göering.
           b. Heinrich Himmler.
           c. Benito Mussolini.
           d. Erwin Rommel.
____ 10. The Battle of the Coral Sea was significant in the Pacific because
         a. it was the first time Allied forces had stopped the Japanese advance.
         b. it represented the first time that Allied naval strength exceeded Japanese naval strength.
         c. it was the first time that the Allies fought a land, sea, and air battle.
         d. it represented the first major Allied defeat in the Pacific.
____ 11. Hollywood’s role during World War II can best be described as
         a. supporting the war effort.
         b. minimal because many actors, writers, and directors had joined the Army and were unable to make
             films.
         c. opposing the war effort.
         d. exposing the Holocaust.




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Name: ________________________                                                                          ID: A




____ 12. Use the image to answer the following question. The sacrifice these women were being asked to make most
         likely involved
         a. not cooking once a week to make more food available for the troops.
         b. giving up cooking and taking a full-time factory job.
         c. donating metal pots and pans to scrap drives.
         d. not buying any pots and pans until the war ended.
____ 13. Why was Hitler’s decision to defend the Rhine River unwise?
         a. It resulted in the Allies capturing a quarter million German soldiers.
         b. While the Germans defended the Rhine, the Allies captured Berlin.
         c. The Allies bombarded the river as the German army crossed it.
         d. The river’s current drowned many German soldiers as they crossed it.




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Name: ________________________                                                                              ID: A




____ 14. Use the map to answer the following question. What can you conclude from the map about the main purpose
         of German air raids during the war?
         a. They supported major troop movements.
         b. They were designed to demoralize the British people.
         c. They carried on the offensive on the Soviet front during the long Russian winter.
         d. They were ineffective in locating targets of major military or industrial significance.
____ 15. An important difference between government spending during the Depression and during World War II was
         that
         a. the spending shifted from war preparedness during the Depression to domestic programs during
              the war.
         b. government spending decreased during the hard economic times of the Depression and increased
              during the war.
         c. government spending had increased so much during the Depression that the government had few
              resources available to prepare for the war.
         d. much of the spending that focused on domestic programs during the Depression was shifted to
              focus on the war effort.


Completion
Complete each statement.

      16. In hunting for Allied ships, German U-boats traveled in groups known as ____ and attacked at night.
           (convoys/wolf packs)


      17. _____ were prisons in which Jews and others considered inferior by the Germans were held. (Concentration
          camps/Ghettos)




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Name: ________________________                                                                                  ID: A


       18. In June 1942 Japan’s great advantage in naval forces was erased by the American victory in the _____.
            (Battle of Midway/Battle of Iwo Jima)

       19. One way that the U.S. government dealt with wartime shortages was to institute _____, which limited the
            amount of certain products that people could get. (the Barnette ruling/rationing)


       20. At the end of World War II, the _____ was established to work to prevent future wars. (League of
           Nations/United Nations)
       21. ____ was the planned invasion of France by the Allies. (Operation Overlord/Operation Torch)
       22. The genocidal campaign of the Nazis against the Jews during World War II is called the ____.
           (Holocaust/Einsatzgruppen)
       23. The ____ was the first time Americans succeeded in halting the Japanese advance. (Battle of Coral Sea/Battle
           of Midway)
       24. The U.S. government created the Office of War Information in order to spread ____. (ration
           cards/propaganda)
       25. ____ directed the post-war effort to create a new, democratic government in Japan. (Douglas
           MacArthur/Harry Truman)


True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.


____ 26. The Soviet Union was drawn into World War II before the United States.

____ 27. Hitler used the military strength of the Jews to build suspicion and racism that led to the Final Solution.

____ 28. Douglas MacArthur vowed to return to the Philippines after being forced to abandon his troops on the Bataan
         Peninsula.

____ 29. Ernie Pyle was among a group of battle-hardened reporters who gave live radio broadcasts from positions near
         the front lines.

____ 30. World War II ended in the Pacific earlier than the fighting in Europe did.




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