Vol 5 No 17 Adelaidean N E W S F R O M TH E U N I V E R S I T Y O F A D E L A I D E SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 Las Vegas breakthrough for Optimatics A company established by evolve and adapt to their environ- Dandy for his PhD. Optimatics to date, savings of at University of Adelaide engineers to ment. least 10% could be expected. A specialist in irrigation systems, commercialise their groundbreaking It can identify a range of low-cost John Gransbury says his role is to “The expansion of the pipe system work on the design of water distribu- designs for new pipe networks, as support the Parkside office, and in Las Vegas is already being par- tion networks has won a contract to well as for rehabilitation or expan- develop the company’s marketing tially implemented, and we are rac- optimise the design of a system sion of existing networks, optimising efforts. ing against the clock to find a more being implemented in Las Vegas, the assessment of factors influencing cost-effective solution,” Mr Grans- USA. “I have slaved over thousands of the pipe system layout, sizing of bury said. “We expect to be complet- designs by hand, so I know what a Dr Angus Simpson and Associate components, cleaning and refurbish- ed by mid-October.” breakthrough the genetic algorithm Professor Graeme Dandy, from the ing of pipes, and the operation of technique is,” Mr Gransbury said. The Las Vegas contract resulted Department of Civil & Environmen- pumps. “I’ve also developed reasonable from the work of the group’s North tal Engineering, registered a busi- The genetic algorithm technique American marketing agent, the ness venture called Optimatics contacts in the water industry. I has consistently proven more effec- Chicago-based Jeff Frey of Frey through Luminis Pty Ltd last year. believe I can provide a constant tive than other methods in identify- Water Engineering, a colleague of Dr presence for the company, while In July this year the company of ing lower-cost design options for pipe Simpson from his university days in Angus and Graeme continue their Optimatics Pty Ltd was incorporat- networks, and has now been pub- the United States. research and teaching.” ed, setting up offices in Parkside, lished in a number of technical papers in the United States. Mr Gransbury explained that the “Optimatics is exactly the sort of and the Las Vegas contract is a Las Vegas contract was for a net- business that the State Government major boost. “It has a well-defined track record work in the south-western corner of would like to promote international- The basis of the technology of saving money,” said civil engineer ly,” John Gransbury said. “It has a that city, which has seen a major behind Optimatics Pty Ltd is a John Gransbury, who has joined lot to offer the world, and is another population increase in recent years, structured computer search proce- Optimatics as a commercial partner excellent example of the benefits from 400,000 to around 1.5 million. dure called a genetic algorithm, and managing director. Also work- that can arise from collaboration which works by analogy to genetics, ing for the newly incorporated com- The capital value of pipes in the between industry and universities.” simulating the mechanisms of natu- pany is Laurie Murphy, who was previous design is $10 million, but ral selection by which populations supervised by Dr Simpson and Dr based on the track record of —John Edge New Finance Degree responds to demands of the marketplace A new undergraduate degree — the Bachelor of Finance — will be offered by the University of Adelaide to stu- dents looking for future employment in the finance, trade and merchant banking industries. This attractive new course is a joint offering of the faculties of Economics & Commerce and Mathematical & Computer Sciences. The core subjects to be undertaken by students are drawn from the strengths within each of these faculties. Graduates of the Bachelor of Finance are likely to gain employ- ment with trading and merchant banks, investment firms, consulting specialists and private and public cor- porations, including government regu- latory authorities. Openings for graduates are in trea- sury and risk management, stock broking, fund and portfolio manage- Approved For Print Post 565001/00046 ment, international trade and deriva- tives trading and pricing, many of which are covered by professional bodies. Professor Jonathan Pincus, Head, Department of Economics, and Dr Chris Caton, Executive Vice-President, Bankers Trust Australia. Photo by Vivian Piovesan. The new Finance Degree was launched by the Treasurer and Acting Premier of South Australia, Mr “The faculties involved are combin- demonstrated at the launch. The Stephen Baker, on Tuesday, 10 ing their expertise and, in responding Executive Vice-President of Bankers September. In his address Mr Baker to the demands of the marketplace, Trust Australia, Dr Chris Caton, highlighted the developing role of are offering students a degree pro- announced that the best graduating Adelaide as a centre for the electronic- gram which provides relevant skills,” Finance student would receive a based finance industry, and the need Mr Baker said. $2000 cash prize from Bankers Trust. to provide suitably qualified staff A high level of industry interest in locally. the new Finance Degree was also Continued Page 5 Readers of the Adelaidean can benefit from a special two-for-one offer from INSIDE The Investigator Centre at Wayville. See Bulletin Board, page 3. PAGE 2 SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 ILLUMINATION ADELAIDEAN Planning Suggestions activities. Why not contract out the level and for service courses. Registrar ’s division, including The difference in teaching staff Acting UP In his Guest Commentary (Adelaidean, 9 September) the Registrar states that the cost of administration at The University of Adelaide is only 10% of the budget. These comments Personnel, Finance, Information Technology, Management Informa- tion and Property Services? The private sector would certainly have the expertise to achieve consider- able savings in these areas. percentages between the University of Adelaide and Flinders University is at least partially the result of dif- ferent course distributions at the two Universities. Proportionally Flinders has a greater concentra- are misleading because they do not Reclaim the day! consider the administrative costs carried in the Academic Divisions. A Lynn Martin Department of History tion in the Arts, particularly Social Sciences; Adelaide concentrates more on Science and Technology Many of these costs used to be calcu- with consequential greater general lated with those of the central The Registrar responds: n a witty recent article in the staff support. I Financial Review Alex Millmow, an economics lecturer administration but have now been devolved to the divisions. I thank Dr Martin for the sugges- tions about the University’s financial For the past five years the University has constantly tested at Charles Sturt University, bemoans The Registrar requests creative planning. Certainly all possibilities opportunities for outsourcing cen- the fate of the modern academic. comments to assist the University’s are under consideration, although I tral services where these are not financial planning, and he suggests would suggest that it is less impor- mission critical and where both the After pointing out how relatively poorly the possibility of contracting out tant to concentrate on who does the quality and efficiency of service can paid modern Australian academics are, some of the “routine teaching”. work, and more on the quality and be sustained for reduced costs. he goes on to say that while academic Since teaching is the core activity of efficiency of our services. I have no income has traditionally been low, this any university, the contracting out I am currently researching dispute that a decline in teaching expenditure trends for different has been offset by high psychic income of even “routine teaching” would be standards would be most disadvan- a retrogade step in my opinion. University activities over the last such as tenured, stress-free employ- tageous for this University which 15 years and the effect that devolu- ment with stimulating work and plenty Teaching staff are already a minori- has such a strong reputation for ty at this University; only 41% of tion of greater management respon- of time in which to do it. excellence in research and teaching. sibility to Divisions has had on the University’s staff are engaged However I do not resile from my He then points out that the psychic in teaching. In contrast the figure these costs. I am also benchmark- view that there are many excellent ing these costs against those of income is now low because of what he at Flinders University is 53%. subject packages available in other Universities in the GO8. calls the “scourge of managerialism” fol- I believe that the University Distance Education modes which lowing the need to deal with the mas- should consider contracting out might profitably be integrated into FJ O’Neill sive expansion of the higher education other functions that are not core our courses especially at first year Registrar system through the eighties, with its increased pressure for efficiency, effec- GUEST COMMENTARY tiveness, public accountability and quality. He ends his article by suggest- ing that a rethink of the higher educa- tion system is badly overdue. Producing and Delivering the new doctor Millmow is quite right — and in fact One of the important issues, that has not by any deviation from these guidelines the Minister has just announced such a been highlighted in the discussion about Ted Cleary when she is the subject of litigation for review in the Budget. the claimed “oversupply of doctors” in Convener so doing Australia, is the minimum of 10 years inter- Curriculum Committee • be able to practise Evidence Based n external review is fine but I val between selection of the new matricu- Faculty of Medicine A think we also need to examine the higher education system lant and delivery of the medical practitioner into the health care system. This partly Medicine, including managing litera- ture databases, critically reading and evaluating random clinical trial data from “the inside”. We’ve allowed these explains why it is so important for the Medical Deans to and conclusions changes to happen to us and have never delay decisions about intake cuts until reliable data on developed the tools with which we numbers are available, as the present political decision • be better able to judge critically the value of informa- makers will be lost from memory by the time the impact tion from drug companies might turn them to our own advantage. of their decisions affects the standard of health care • be more informed about cost benefit analysis of In another way we, as academics, have delivery. Although politicians may overlook this time fac- treatments, investigations and management strate- made the situation worse by not work- tor, medical school curriculum committees have to deal gies ing together to prioritise what is most with it on a daily basis. Every decision we make has to • be able to deal with patients who are able to access valuable in higher education and then include an element of prediction about the characteristics information about their illnesses and the guidelines abandoning those activities that we can of medical practice, and the needs of our medical gradu- from the WWW or its successor no longer afford. We’ve tended to retain ates, a decade and more ahead. We have continually to everything, take on the new demands • be better able to manage public relations, especially ask what sort of doctor should we be aiming to produce and produce truly horrendous work- in regard to the image of practitioners as “paternalis- and how shall we do it? I welcome this opportunity to tic” and insufficiently aware of patients’ rights loads which are often close to humanly share some personal reflections on these and related impossible and which have led to enor- matters, which are likely to have relevance for other • be involved significantly in teaching undergraduate mous stress within the work place. Faculties. medical students Let us begin by acknowledging that the New Doctor will • be better at working in teams, whose members concrete example is the enor- A mous number of subjects we offer. I question whether we need to be many of the things the Old Doctor was/is. In addition, the New Doctor will need to: share responsibility for promoting “health” and deliv- ering “care” • be able to make, and be willing to explain, decisions can any longer afford such a wide • be more flexible in attitude and able to adjust to with a major ethical component e.g. deciding who choice of topics for students. We should shall have which treatment and who not(!) face the fact that while we can still offer increasingly rapid change a range of quality subjects the numbers • be able to keep up with an ever more rapidly chang- • have some tertiary educational experiences beyond in some of those subjects will be quite ing and widening knowledge base medicine high. It’s certainly possible to teach • be better equipped and motivated to engage effec- • have an expectation of being paid at a reduced large numbers well. tively in continuing medical education (CME) and be hourly rate. Often too, we apply for a range of small able to attain and sustain levels of knowledge and research grants instead of thinking competence sufficient to pass Clinical Competence What do we need to do, that we are not yet doing strategically and putting our efforts renewal evaluations, which must be taken periodi- effectively? into attracting a Commonwealth cally in order to be able to continue to practise I would like us to be able (more effectively than now) to: Research Centre with guaranteed fund- • be more self sufficient and be able to handle • provide help for staff, to recognize the outcome of ing for many years. increasing stress research in education and the need to adapt their • be able to make more effective use of computers for style of teaching to take account of these data t’s up to us individually and col- I lectively to start managing our working lives so that we do • learning, for practising, for records, for accounting, • convince staff that they can no longer (if they ever for communicating, for smart cards, for...... be able to access “best practice” guidelines and could) teach it all, and that they should help their stu- dents to concentrate on principles and on helping have time to execute our core activities students to find ways to link these principles to logi- of teaching and research at a high stan- determine when they are immediately applicable and when they need to be modified to meet the cal groupings of data relevant to the principles dard without risking killing ourselves. needs of a particular patient, and be able to justify Continued Page 6 We must work out how we are going to do it ourselves and not merely react to increasing demands from outside. In other words, we need to reclaim control Adelaidean The newspaper of The University of Adelaide Writers Contributors of our own time. We must reclaim the John Edge David Ellis Adrienne Eccles Editor David Washington Geoff Sauer day. Julie Ryke Printed by Cadillac Color Deadline for next issue is 26 September Layout MARY O’KANE Room G07 Mitchell Building, South Australia, 5005. Tel (08) 8303 5174; Fax (08) 8223 6437; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Material may be reproduced without permission but full acknowledgement must be given to the Adelaidean. ADELAIDEAN CAMPUS NEWS SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 PAGE 3 Regional network set to bring News TheBRIEF IN SA researchers together ALGAL TOXIN PROJECT The increasing risk of problems to health A high speed microwave and fibre located in the north, central, south “For example, they’ll now have of toxic blue-green algae in water supplies optic network designed to link and southeast of the city. very fast access to shared resources in Australia is being investigated by Adelaide’s major research zones will such as high performance computing Professor Ian Falconer (Deputy Vice- The city zone includes the Univer- Chancellor, Academic) in a major research be officially launched at the sity of Adelaide, UniSA, CSIRO’s facilities and expensive laboratory University of Adelaide this week. equipment like the Confocal project about to begin in Adelaide. Division of Human Nutrition, the IMVS, the RAH and the Women’s & Microscope at the Waite Campus. The Cooperative Research Centre for SAARDNet is a collaborative ven- ture between the three South Children’s Hospital, as well as the “The technology also supports the Water Quality and Treatment has funded Australian universities, CSIRO and Thebarton Commerce & Research a $360,000 research project on the transmission of large amounts of the Defence Science Technology Precinct. The northern zone encom- tumourigenic effects of cyanobacterial voice, data and video information Organisation (DSTO) at Salisbury. It passes UniSA’s Levels Campus, Tech- toxins in drinking water. This follows over the same link,” he said. from Professor Falconer’s earlier experi- was set up with the help of the nology Park Adelaide, and DSTO. Australian Vice-Chancellors’ Comm- Mr Nissen said the network’s mental work on tumour growth and blue- To the south are Flinders Univer- state-of-the-art infrastructure would green algae in drinking water. ittee to replace AARNet, at a regional sity, the Flinders/CSIRO Joint level, following that network’s sale to provide support for South Australia’s The work is to be done in the Department Research Centre, Science Park thrust in Information Technology Telstra. of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology Adelaide and the Flinders Medical teaching, research and development, of the Medical School, where work is Chair of SAARDNet’s Board of Centre, while in the southeast can as well as the emerging Interactive already in progress on the effects of blue- Management — which operates under be found the cluster of organisations Multimedia industry here. green algal toxins on liver cells. the auspices of the South Australian based at the Waite precinct, includ- Vice-Chancellors’ Conference — is Mr ing the Waite Agricultural Research “The member organisations also Professor Falconer said a key part of the Peter Nissen, Director of the Institute, several CSIRO Divisions, benefit from cost sharing,” he said. research is the interaction between can- University of Adelaide’s Information Primary Industries SA, the South cer-initiating agents which are present in Technology Division. The Parliamentary Secretary for the environment (including diet), and Australian Research & Development Information Technology, the Hon. Institute (SARDI) and the Aust- cancer growth responses to blue-green The University is also the net- Robert Lawson MLC, will officiate at ralian Wine Research Institute. algal toxins in drinking water. work’s Facility Manager, with all the the launch of SAARDNET, which central equipment located and main- By any assessment, it is a signifi- takes place on Monday 23 tained here by ITD staff. cant grouping of research organisa- September at 5.00pm in the ASCILITE CONFERENCE There are four key and expanding tions whose work can only be Information Technology Division. Plans are well advanced for the 1996 zones of research concentration and enhanced by the new network, Conference of ASCILITE (The Aust- industry collaboration in Adelaide, according to Peter Nissen. —John Edge ralian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education), which will be held this year in Adelaide at the University of Forgotten work Leading journal in South Australia’s City East Campus from 2-4 December. to be revived The three South Australian universities move to Adelaide and TAFE have provided the members of the organising committee, with the Conference Secretariat based at the The Elder Baroque Ensemble is pre- University of Adelaide’s Department of senting the modern première of Applied Mathematics (tel 8303 5422). Bononcini’s “lost” cantata Il lamento d’Olimpi a on Friday 4 October at International keynote speakers include Dr Frank Voon, a medical doctor with a 1.10pm in Elder Hall. strong interest in computing and educa- The première is the result of a col- tion who in 1992 was a consultant to the laborative research project between National Computer Board Policy and the Elder Conservatorium’s Visiting Planning Division responsible for the Research Fellow, Dr Margaret Bakker IT2000 plan for Singapore. Also present- and Mrs Lesley Lewis, Lecturer in ing keynote addresses will be American Early Music. academic and Editor of the Journal of Dr Bakker discovered the “lost” solo Computing in Higher Education, Dr Carol cantata in the manuscript stronghold MacKnight, the Head of IT at DeMontford of the Huntingdon Library in 1977, University in the UK, Professor Stephen while completing her PhD on the Brown, and the University of Central Italian Cantata at Stanford University. Queensland’s Dr Lynn Zelmer. The cantata is a work for one or The ASCILITE96 web site can be found more voices with instrumental accom- at: http://www.netspot.unisa.edu.au/ paniment, and is possibly the most ascilite96/ important form of vocal music of the Baroque period. Giovanni Bononcini CELEBRATING STRINGS (1670-1747) — one of Handel’s col- Elder Hall is alive this week to the sound leagues and rivals in the Italian oper- Left to right, front row: Dr Lenore Coltheart, Ms Kate Taransky Howes, Professor Ernie Tuck. Middle row: Mr Greg Lewis, Dr Robert Catley. Back of strings as the Australian National atic scene in early eighteenth century Academy of Music’s String Program gets London — was a prolific composer of row: Mr David Standingford, Mr David Scullen. Photo: David Ellis into full swing. the popular cantata. Two lecturers in the University of to publish the journal. The The Elder Conservatorium is hosting the Soprano Tessa Miller, Adelaide’s eleven-day program from 19 to 29 Sep- leading exponent of Baroque singing Adelaide’s Department of Politics University’s scientific publishing are the new publishers of the 50- group, TeχAdel, has been contract- tember, which has gathered thirty talent- style, will perform Il lamento ed young string players in Adelaide to d’Olimpia, supported by the Elder year-old journal, Current Affairs ed for the editorial, typesetting and production of the Current Affairs work with acclaimed teachers and per- Baroque Ensemble using instruments Bulletin. formers from Australia and abroad. especially designed for performance of Bulletin. By bringing the CAB to Dr Lenore Coltheart and Dr Bob The young musicians, who range in age music from this period. Adelaide, they have been able to Catley decided to take over the CAB from 15 to 25, will undertake individual when the publishers, WEA, moved reduce costs, freeing up more funds Lesley Lewis, a Churchill Fellow- to promote and develop the journal. schedules which include private lessons ship winner in 1994, spent time in to change the system of publication. and sessions with accompanists, as well Holland the following year researching The journal had been based in Dr Coltheart said the new pub- as performances in masterclasses and the art of Continuo Accompaniment, Sydney since World War II, when it lishers wanted to increase the CAB’s concerts. and some of the revolutionary princi- was established as an educational focus on Asian and other regional issues. The journal would maintain The program has been coordinated by ples she discovered have been applied journal for officers in the armed William Hennessy, leader of the to Il Lamento d’Olimpia. forces. an independent, non-partisan stance, promoting balanced debate Australian String Quartet, which will “This brings the modern perfor- Since then, it has established a and discussion on current issues. also present a subscription concert in mance of this work closer to an accu- solid and loyal readership among Elder Hall on Thursday 26 September to rate reproduction of the way the piece people in the education sector and The first edition produced entire- coincide with the Program. would have been heard nearly 300 business, by making University ly by the new team will be pub- The daily masterclasses and concerts are years ago,” she said. research findings more accessible to lished on 25 September. The major open to the public, and further informa- the general public. focus will be on China’s labour force The performance is part of the tion can be obtained from the Elder and foreign relations. Conservatorium Concert Manager, Anne- Elder Conservatorium’s Lunch Hour Dr Coltheart and Dr Catley have Concert Series and is a free event. formed a company through Luminis —David Washington Marie Peard, on 8303 5925. PAGE 4 SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 CAMPUS NEWS ADELAIDEAN Advertisement Interactive CD-ROM teaches SA school kids to like Science A new CD-ROM is encouraging young South Australians to discover exciting career possibilities in science. Called likeScience, the CD-ROM gives school students a multimedia voyage through the wide range of careers and study opportunities available to them. High-quality colour digital images and video clips are a feature of this interactive guide, helping to explain the courses available in the University of Adelaide’s Faculty of Science and the careers to which those courses can lead. Almost 1000 copies of the likeScience CD-ROM and promotional posters will be distributed free to all secondary schools in the State. “If South Australia is to sustain its international competitiveness, we must encourage young people to take up studies and careers in the sciences,” said Professor of Natural Philosophy Paul Davies, who officially launched the CD-ROM on Friday, 6 September. “likeScience does precisely that, by making information about science courses and careers accessible and fun. First-year science student Aidan Brooks demonstrates the new likeScience CD- The CD-ROM represents Adelaide ROM. Photo: David Ellis Science’s commitment to fostering South Australia’s scientific expertise,” Macintosh and IBM compatible/MS ble for the authoring and navigation he said. Windows computers and is simple to design. Music was especially composed Professor Davies said the use of CD- use and easy to install. for the CD-ROM by the University’s ROM technology to spread the word of The project to develop the CD-ROM Department of Music Studies. science was vitally important, as many was headed by the Science Faculty’s For more information about young people were well acquainted Associate Dean (Teaching and likeScience phone Dr Pat James, with computers and CD-ROMs either Learning) Dr Pat James, with Mr Ian Faculty of Science: (08) 8303 5673. in the home or at school. Roberts from the Science Learning and likeScience works on both Teaching Excellence program responsi- —David Ellis CORRECTION Kudos for Lumen The last Adelaidean (9 September, The University of Adelaide’s twice-yearly magazine News in Brief, p.3, “Thailand Grant”) Lumen has won the Tertiary Magazine Award at the spoke of a UMAP grant awarded to recent conference of the Association of Development the Department of Economics to and Alumni Professionals in Education (ADAPE) at support student exchanges with Bond University. Thammasat University in Thailand. ADAPE presents Publication, Fundraising and It should be clarified that the grant Special awards every two years to recognise outstand- was in fact awarded to the Faculty of ing achievement among Australasian development and Economics and Commerce, and is alumni professionals. This was the second presenta- intended to support both BEc and tion of the national award. BCom students for exchanges with Lumen is aimed at the University’s external stake- Thammasat University and Universiti holders. Its 10,000 distribution includes Alumni Sains Malaysia. Association members, representatives of business and industry, government departments and agencies, public office holders, and international educational and Advertisement research associates. Lumen is produced in the Public Relations and Marketing Office, and edited by Pamela Lyon. The magazine is designed by Cathryn Charnock Corporate Publications. Pamela Lyon with the most recent Lumen. Photo: David Ellis. AIB symposium to be a forum for public debate The Australian Institute of Biology is Expert speakers from South education and research in biology. tackling a controversial issue in this Australia and interstate will discuss Each year the AIB’s annual sympo- year’s Annual Public Symposium. issues of exploitation, culling, harvest- siums are used as a forum for broad The theme of the symposium at the ing and farming native animals, fol- public debate on a “biological” topic of University of Adelaide on 27-28 lowed by panel debates and general current relevance. The current execu- September is “Exploiting our Native discussion. Topics include sustainable tive of the AIB is based in Adelaide. Fauna: Culling, Harvesting, Farming?” wildlife, kangaroos, crocodiles, emus, The symposium will be held in yabbies, abalone and other candidates Lower Napier Lecture Theatre LG29. Attentive readers will note the for aquaculture. Members of the public are welcome to question mark at the end of the title. The public symposium is organised participate. The fee is $70, including The symposium is designed to foster by the Australian Institute of Biology lunches and refreshments. debate among the public and relevant interest groups, following recent con- (AIB) in a bid to help fulfil its aims — Further details: AIB Secretary, Dr tentious issues such as koala culling to advance the science and practice of Margaret Davies, Department of and the extent of tuna farming in biology, to improve communication Zoology, on (08) 8303 5851. South Australia. between biologists, and to promote —David Ellis ADELAIDEAN CAMPUS NEWS SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 PAGE 5 Shedding light on post traumatic stress University of Adelaide Prof- McFarlane said. Nations Security Council and essor of Psychiatry Sandy “It was only in 1980 that for- the World Health Organisation McFarlane is one of the co-edi- mal systems of diagnosis to write a report on the trau- tors and co-authors of a new accepted post traumatic stress matic effects of the Iraqi occu- international book which sum- disorder as a specific disorder, pation in Kuwait. marises the current state of and that was really out of the He has also made a signifi- world research into Post work done with veterans from cant contribution to this new Traumatic Stress Disorder. the Vietnam War and also book, having authored or co- through the advocacy of the authored almost half of the The book, Traumatic Stress: women’s movement, dealing papers. Other senior academics the Effects of Overwhelming with victims of child sexual from around the world have also Experience on Mind, Body and abuse and the victims of rape. contributed, although Professor Society, was launched in May McFarlane said the book was “This book is an attempt to this year in New York. It looks not just for academics. summarise the knowledge and at the background and history information that’s been gained “Traumatic stress is an area of post traumatic stress disor- in the first 15 years of research, that has relevance to many der, the kinds of acute reactions not only to highlight the under- people suffer because of trauma fields, not only psychiatry but standing that we’ve developed psychology, social work, law — such as war and car accidents, but also to identify many of the the treatment of traumatic it’s a very important area to problems and the issues that understand in terms of social stress, and the social and cul- surround the field,” he said. tural issues that surround this policy. So the book has a broad- disorder. Professor McFarlane first er appeal to professionals studied post traumatic stress whose areas of work deal with Sandy McFarlane (based at disorder following South these kinds of issues,” he said. The Queen Elizabeth Hospital) Australia’s 1983 Ash Wednes- is one of three editors of the “We believe it’s also an ideal day bushfires. That study resource for health profession- book, joining Dr Bessell van der focused on a group of firefight- Kolk from Harvard Medical als, researchers and students. ers and school children who had While summarising the past 15 School and Professor Lars been traumatised by their expe- Weisaeth from the University of years of research into post trau- riences. matic stress disorder, the book Oslo. Their collaboration repre- Like many of his colleagues also discusses the future direc- sents years of study and Professor McFarlane said he tions of this work and lays the research at the highest level was initially sceptical about foundations for further research into traumatic stress. Sandy McFarlane. Photo courtesy of TQEH. post traumatic stress disorder. and clinical work.” “Post traumatic stress disor- But since that first study he Traumatic Stress: the Effects der is not a new condition, but has conducted dozens more into Advertisement of Overwhelming Experience on it’s had a very chequered histo- victims of accidents, disasters, Mind, Body and Society is ry in psychiatry for a variety of torture and war. He is now sec- available from Guilford reasons, including the way in retary and a board member of Publications at a recommended which society has been willing the International Society of Traumatic Stress Studies, and retail price of $78.00. to deal with war veterans and victims in general,” Professor was asked by the United —David Ellis Study of stress disorder A new treatment program which could help This new study, being carried out in conjunc- people overcome post traumatic stress disorder tion with researchers at the University of is to be trialled by University of Adelaide Queensland, will investigate the effectiveness of researchers at The Queen Elizabeth Hospital. an anti-depressant treatment combined with a cognitive behaviour therapy treatment. Rape, road accidents, disaster or even wit- (Cognitive behaviour and drug therapy programs nessing severe injury can trigger post traumatic are commonly used together in clinical practice, stress disorder, which is estimated to affect but their interaction has not been systematically three people in 100. In some groups, such as examined.) Evidence from other anxiety disor- those who have been sexually assaulted, up to ders suggests this may have an additive effect. 40% of victims can be affected. People who suffer post traumatic stress dis- Symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder order are needed for the study. For the purpos- include intrusive and highly distressing memo- es of the study these people must have been ries of the event, sleeplessness, avoiding traumatised within the community, rather than reminders of the trauma, anxiety, and emotion- through military service. The program will run al numbing which may persist for months, even for 26 weeks with each person initially receiv- years, after the traumatic incident. About 20% ing weekly therapy. There are no costs involved of people directly involved in a traumatic inci- for people enrolling in the program. dent will still have the disorder seven years For more information phone Professor Sandy after the event. McFarlane on (08) 8222 6515. New Finance Degree responds to Advertisement demands of the marketplace From Page 1 Adelaide have also shown great enthusiasm for the new course. They can undertake the double The first intake into the Bachelor of Finance degree program in either Economics, Commerce program will be in March 1997 with about 40 or Maths & Computing Science. places available to school leavers. Additional “Under new provisions these double degrees places will be made available for current tertiary can be completed in four years. It’s also possible students who wish to transfer into the program. to combine the Bachelor of Finance with Law, “There has been immense and continuing making it even more attractive to some stu- interest from potential students at Year-12 level dents,” she said. since the Finance Degree was announced provi- For more information about the Bachelor of sionally in this year ’s SATAC guide,” said Finance contact Mrs Liz Geddes on (08) 8303 Administrative Course Adviser Mrs Liz Geddes. 4499. “Students already enrolled at the University of —David Ellis PAGE 6 SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 CAMPUS NEWS ADELAIDEAN A ‘mooting’ of minds in Vancouver contest Two University of draw included competi- titions. Canada has Adelaide law students tion with India, the about five or six of them, and a graduate have United Kingdom and and their team also has won the prestigious Com- then South Africa in the a coach,” said Ms Baillie. monwealth Student grand final. “We don’t have any- Mooting Competition in “We couldn’t say that thing like that. We had Vancouver, Canada. we were very confident, a few tips from judges on because we were com- presentation, but most Final-year law stu- peting against the best of our experience came dents Ms Anna Baillie mooters from all of these from learning as we and Ms Dolone Chak- countries. Some have went.” ravarti and graduate Mr many more tedious and David Crocker last “We do have excellent onerous mooting competi- month defeated the best resources here at the tions to get through with- teams from eight Com- University,” said Ms in their own countries, monwealth nations to Chakravarti. “We have Dolone Chakravarti and Anna Baillie with their winners’ shield. Photo: David Ellis and so their level of com- win the competition. a fairly up-to-date inter- petition is very high,” said Ms Chakravarti. national law collection, Advertisement Mooting is the term and there’s a lot of legal used for arguing a hypo- “We felt confident we research involved in thetical legal appeal could do well,” said Ms preparing for the compe- case. For this competi- Baillie, “but we did get tition, so that was very tion the case involved the feeling that it was helpful. In some coun- two alleged internation- going to be a very high tries the students have al drug traffickers who standard. You can only to travel from city to city were also alleged to be do your best, really. It to look up the relevant war criminals. Teams was a tough competition material, so we were from different nations and it was a great feel- lucky in that regard.” compete against each ing to win.” other, arguing either the Apart from the shield The Adelaide team in which their names case for the drug traf- was formed last year fol- fickers or against. are engraved, the lowing a mooting compe- achievement of winning The teams are then tition at the University the Commonwealth judged on the quality of in which the three best mooting competition is their legal arguments mooters were chosen. based on their under- certain to add to the stu- They went on to win the standing of international Australasian Law Stud- dents’ credentials. law and their presenta- ents Association champi- “It was definitely a tion style. onship in Hobart, quali- good experience for us in Ms Baillie, Ms fying them for the terms of learning how to Chakravarti and Mr Commonwealth competi- argue a case in a formal Crocker are the only tion in Vancouver. setting and also re- Adelaide team and the “It’s a different story searching that case,” Ms second Australian team in India, where they Baillie said. to win the event. Their have 11 national compe- —David Ellis GUEST COMMENTARY CONTINUED Producing and Delivering the new doctor • shift away from hospital based teaching towards • staff resistance to having to change “tried and all the potential for mutual seduction and self community based education tested” methods of teaching deception this brings • shift from training in diagnostic and curative • staff anxiety about experimenting with and adopt- • insufficient hours in the day and medicine towards prevention and health promo- ing new teaching methods • the apparently ever increasing burden of form fill- tion • student pressure that we not “change the rules”, ing and bureaucracy to “ensure that we are effi- • promote a change in the academic culture so that by moving away from rote learning masses of cient and accountable”. teaching is regarded as an academic discipline of facts - whereby they gained entry into the Faculty It is alarming to think that we have to do all these new equal stature with research, for the purposes of things in addition to those we have been doing, and • the perceived need to maintain a strong depart- promotion and fund allocation that we must do them: mental structure, in the interests of the staff and • develop effective outcome measures concerning departments - especially for research and cohe- • on a reducing budget, our medical graduates, and put in place proce- sion dures for monitoring and responding to them • with less staff and • a reluctance of academics in the Faculty to accept • experiment with the selection process to see if we • with access to patients, who less and less repre- that the objectives of the medical course must can identify candidates who will be best suited to sent the age groups or the major illnesses within increasingly emphasize vocational training the future circumstances and new requirements. the community and who are available to students • resistance to change in the hospitals from clinical for less and less time. What else should we be doing? teachers, who feel the changes will undervalue We are told we will have to become ever “more effi- their contributions and undermine the status they I would like to see us: cient” and “work smarter” and clearly, so we shall. But have achieved over many years of endeavour and none of our advisers appears to be addressing the • educating teaching staff so that they are able to community service issue as to how this is to come about, in the little time accept, or even opt for, change • financial pressures from governments whose left to us. I have entered into the spirit of the game by • keep what we have that is good; ruthlessly elimi- major interests appear to be in immediately bal- meditating on whether I would be better served by nate what obstructs our progress anced budgets and probably necessary reduction viewing all this as “a stunning opportunity” or as “a • reviewing our organizational structure with a view in the rate of increase of expenditure on health. marvellous challenge”? to determining whether the present departmental This appears to me to be promoted without appar- Meanwhile, I derive both inspiration and solace from structure is appropriate for the Medical School of ent concern for a longer view or for a more embracing the slogan: “Life is too short to drink bad the future and, if it is not, implement appropriate informed and carefully targetted reduction pro- wine!”. Think about it! It will improve both your quality changes gram, less directed to sectoral interests of life and its quantity (provided you are “moderate”, at • able to provide/allow a more diverse experience • inate conservatism of members of the educational least in this). Here is an endeavour in which we can as preparation for a medical career and medical professions truthfully say: this is indeed “the lucky country” and • inability to get Universities to address seriously this “the lucky state”. What stops us? issues of determining what is “good teaching” and Ted Cleary The things that I see as being major factors in slowing rewarding it as an equity issue, rather than simply Convener Curriculum Committee change are: asking students to identify “good teachers”, with Faculty of Medicine ADELAIDEAN ALUMNI NEWS SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 PAGE 7 lumni A BRIEF Don’t you dare write IN Gothic Revival Architecture talk me a dull Obituary! On Wednesday 16 October, the Alumni Activities Program offers an illustrated Mary Hope St Clair Crampton French at both secondary and ter- talk by 1996 Churchill Fellow Mr Brian 18 May 1901 - 8 August 1996 tiary level; at least one is a Andrews about Gothic Revival architec- “Balzacian” in her own right, and ture in South Australia. another even married a Frenchman! Hope Crampton was Senior She encouraged us to practise French The Gothic Revival style was very popu- Lecturer in French Language and lar in Britain and more distant parts of conversation at the “French Club”, Literature at the University of where we acted scenes from Molière the British Empire in the nineteenth cen- Adelaide from 1930 to 1960. She and played childish games. In 1935 tury. The Mitchell Building is a fine example of this style. was born in Renmark, South she wrote Gaudissart: A Guide to Australia, the only child of John Better French Pronunciation and Mr Andrews’ talk will explore the features Crampton (from North England) of Gothic Revival architecture, its sources Brighter French Conversation and Amy, née St Clair (from (Melbourne, OUP) which became a and influences, and the question of why Scotland). She attended Girton the industrial age saw a revival of interest textbook in Adelaide schools. She Girls’ School and then the also taught some of us Spanish, in this medieval architectural style. University of Adelaide where she promising the delights of one day This talk (in the Benham Lecture Theatre obtained her degree in Classics. reading Don Quixote in the original. A Ruth Tuck sketch of Hope at 7.00pm) is FREE, but to assist with After some years in Europe she She left an unfinished translation of Crampton which hangs in the French planning please call 8303 4275 to indicate returned with a Diploma from the that you are coming. Individual and a modern Spanish novel, La Frontera Department. Photo: David Ellis Institut de Phonétique, Paris, and de Dios, whose hero is a wonder- group bookings welcome. joined the staff of Adelaide worker who disconcerts the village by University, where her father was restoring a dead canary to life; just books, and could express anger at Celebrating History Lecturer in French. Students of the the thing to appeal to Hope! (The “shabby behaviour” as readily as 40s may remember her swinging author: a priest, JL Martin Descalzo). impatience with ponderous talk. The Cornell Chapter hosted a celebration into the University grounds at She never mentioned her personal on 12 September to mark the publication 30mph on “Phut-Phut”, her trusty She retired on her 60th birthday feelings except in mock-heroic tones, in 1996 of no less than ten books by mem- and set out on her travels. Before autocycle. Classes were smaller in but she was sympathetic and per- bers of the Department of History. revisiting Europe and exploring those days, and colourful characters ceptive about the feelings of those The Dean of Arts, Mr Paul Nursey-Bray, were prized. Russia and Turkey, she spent a year she loved, and befriended many a spoke briefly to welcome the guests who with a religious community in New person in distress. She liked to play attended. Professor Brian Coghlan, Chair I can hear Hope saying: “Don’t Guinea teaching English to you dare write me a dull Obituary!” the role of bluestocking-cum-eccen- of the Cornell Chapter, moved a vote of Ordinands for Anglican Ministry. tric English gentlewoman (flavour thanks. Dull she never was, with her witty, She read them Homer! whimsical sayings and her depar- Edwardian) and one had to crack The gathering was an informal one and She finally settled in her “Humpy” the code to discover the tender tures from the academic stereotype. guests had the opportunity to examine in the Adelaide Hills and took up heart, the adventurous spirit, and the books and speak with the authors. As a teacher she was infectiously watercolours; her teacher was the an old-fashioned “innocence without enthusiastic in her presentation of painter Ruth Tuck. She had one ignorance”. writers she liked, and devastatingly Exhibition, the “Theodosia Series”: Golden Jubilee/SRC 50th dismissive of those she did not. She My last visit to Hope was at the The search for past members of the Theodosia was a china cat “Looking Hahndorf Nursing Home, where her had a passion for the well-turned at herself in a Mirror”, “Admonishing Student Representative Council is bear- phrase and a distaste for the pedan- sparkle was still undimmed, and ing fruit, and around one hundred have the Barbarians”, with other poses. where the staff appreciated her per- tic. A badly-written essay would She also wrote an illustrated been issued invitations for the Golden earn, “You have indeed shown us sonality. She referred playfully to the Jubilee Commemoration, at which the Autobiography of her cat Troilus; all Matron as “She who must be obeyed”. what French prose can be”, with a her cats had Shakespearean names, fiftieth anniversary of the foundation of glare from her famous lorgnette. In her bookshelf were: a Greek the SRC will be marked. except poor Petunia, who was Grammar, the Book of Common Her favourite French novelist betrothed to the neighbour’s Tom Prayer (Cranmer’s prose; she would The Golden Jubilee will be held on 24 October, beginning with a commemoration was Balzac: she published a study of until it was revealed that the fiancé have no truck with modernised ver- ceremony in Bonython Hall at 6.00pm. an aristocratic bibliophile who had was “not quite ... er ... all there ..” sions) and the Poems of Robert inspired one of Balzac’s characters; One day the new Vicar (who knew Browning. She had no wish to “live The Graduates of 1946 will return to the but better-known among the chosen not Hope) was startled when she University to celebrate their half-century an unconscionably long time”, not few was her parody of literary criti- explained that the bowl of rose-petals even despite her reverence for the as graduates of The University of cism, “The Wen on Grandet’s Nose”. beside her easel was not her “sub- Adelaide. The Golden Jubilee Address Monarchy, to receive the Queen’s Her MA thesis, somewhat surpris- ject”, but her lunch. Telegram on her 100th birthday. will be given this year by Dr Jim Bonnin, ingly, was on Shelley compared to a former Head of the Institute for Medical Some people were unnerved by I once heard her quote some lines the “Parnassian” poet Leconte de and Veterinary Science. her quizzical gaze and her madden- from Browning’s “Abt Vogler”; I Lisle. “Publish or perish” was not The ceremony will be followed by a ing refusal to “talk seriously” (she think she would have liked them for yet the order of the day, and Hope Reunion Dinner in the Upper Refectory, could be downright rude: “Miss an epitaph. will be remembered rather as racon- Adelaide University Union Building. Crampton, do you think more in teuse and scribbler of humorous “... my resting-place is here, Further information is available from the French than in English?” — “Oh, I verses than for any “orthodox” schol- Alumni Office. resolve that dilemma by endeavour- The C Major of this life; and now arship. ing not to think at all.”) but she had I will try to sleep.” She planted seeds, however: many a shrewd understanding of what Visit to Buckland Park Field Station of her students became teachers of —Margaret Denat (née Johnson) happens in the world as well as in Buckland Park Field Station, the University’s field station for research into Atmospheric Physics and High Energy Astrophysics, will open its doors to alum- ni on Sunday 27 October. Singapore seminar on higher education The field station is about 40km north of Adelaide near Two Wells, and was acquired The University of Adelaide Chapter Koehne, Manager, International issue followed by questions and by the University in the early 1960s when of Australian Alumni Singapore is Projects Unit, University of South answers. a large property was broken up. Australia hosting a dinner and seminar for The venue is the Medical Alumni The Department of Physics and Mathe- alumni of The University of matical Physics established an antenna Themes to be addressed include Centre at Singapore General Adelaide, the Flinders University of the implications of the recently Hospital, corner College Road and array covering one square kilometre for a South Australia and University of radar system used to measure winds in announced federal funding cuts for Outram Road, Singapore. the upper atmosphere. Since then other South Australia and members of Adelaide as a University City and The event will commence at radars have been developed and a large Australian Alumni Singapore. particularly how the changes might 6.30pm on Wednesday 16 October array of particle detectors has been The theme of the seminar is “The impact on students wishing to come 1996 and the Seminar follows a buf- installed to study elementary particle air- future of higher education in South to Adelaide to study at one of the fet dinner at 8.00pm. showers initiated by cosmic ray particles. Australia: implications for interna- three universities. Strategies by both the higher education sector and Registration: S$20 includes a buf- The Department and the Alumni tional students” and the speakers government for coping with change fet dinner and soft drinks. Cash bar Association join in inviting all alumni to will be Dr Harry Medlin, Senior and for encouraging international available. come to Buckland Park for a barbecue Deputy Chancellor, Chair Alumni Association, The University of students to come to Adelaide will be Bookings: Dr Richard Hin and a tour of the research facilities. Why not make it a family day out? Further Adelaide; Professor Ian Chubb,Vice canvassed. Yung, Tow Yung Clinic, Tanglin details will be published in the next edi- Chancellor, The Flinders University A cross-institutional perspective Shopping Centre, 19 Tanglin Road tion of the Adelaidean. of South Australia; and Mr Bob will be given on a most important #05-01, SINGAPORE 247909. PAGE 8 SEPTEMBER 23, 1996 CAMPUS NEWS ADELAIDEAN Engineering draws crowds at Show ... If you missed the University of marina and a computer to display Adelaide’s engineering display at waveforms, and a model of a pre- this year’s Royal Show, you must stressed concrete bridge (Civil & have been one of the very few. Environmental Engineering) The Faculty of Engineering put • a Lego model of a production line using a programmable control on a lively exhibit in the Jubilee unit (Electrical & Electronic Pavilion (Wayville Showgrounds) Engineering). to show the public how engineering research and knowledge can be put • a Polariscope and an active to practical use. noise control unit (Mechanical Engineering) Displays from each of the facul- ty’s four departments included: Tens of thousands of people are estimated to have seen these dis- • a model of the Penrice Soda plays over the two weeks of the Ash plant and a computer simula- Show, helping to increase the pro- tion of an industrial process file of engineering in the wider (Chemical Engineering) community. • a wave tank with a model —David Ellis Engineering display draws the crowds. Photo courtesy of the Faculty of Engineering. .. and ‘Connection’ creates stir in Sydney Advertisement University of Adelaide jazz choir The voice, Ms Connaitre Miller. France, Canada and Japan, and it Adelaide Connection was a star “The workshop was extremely will be interesting to see if anything attraction at the 4th World well attended (at least 900 people), comes of this. Symposium on Choral Music in including many delegates from other “It was very satisfying to know Sydney last month. The group was countries as well as about 300 high that people were so moved by our one of 27 choirs from 23 countries school and primary school students,” music that they wanted to have us invited to participate, and the only Ms Miller said. “The children were come to their countries,” Ms Miller jazz choir to perform in what is gen- very excited by it and many declared said. “I think the University of erally recognised as a traditional themselves ready to try that ‘scat’ Adelaide would have been extremely choral festival. thing.” proud of its representation by The Connaitre Miller said the group’s Adelaide Connection during this During its trip, the group world class festival.” appeared at the Sydney Opera presence at the symposium had House as part of the opening night aroused considerable interest, with concert, at the Sydney Conserva- many other choir directors keen to The Adelaide Connection has made torium, in the Sydney Town Hall, get information on its music, three recordings, which are available and at The Basement, one of the rehearsal techniques and perfor- at all good record stores: Makin’ most popular jazz clubs in Australia. mance practice. Whoopee, with Don Burrows; Its Town Hall performance was as “Perhaps the most exciting thing Nice’N’Easy, which was nominated part of a workshop on jazz choir to happen all week was the reception for the Best Australian Jazz Record rehearsal and performance tech- of numerous invitations to tour other at the Australian Recording Industry niques given by the group’s Director, countries. We were asked to go to Awards in 1988; and Gotcha. Elder Conservatorium lecturer in South Africa, Argentina, Austria, ACCOMMODATION BEAUMONT: 3br, fully furn incl linen and cutlery. $190 pw. Ph 8302 2047 (w) or 8332 1413 (h). PARA HILLS: Non smoker to share 3br house with 31 Adelaidean CLASSIFIED power steering, air cond, white duco, grey trim, exc cond, only 88,000 kms. VEJ 320. $13,500 ono. Ph $2.50 p/p @ 250 words p/p; Thesis, formatting/ proof reading of your data entry; accurate spelling; city Heated pool. Close to year old professional male. 8373 2256 (bus) or 8274 location; 7 day service; fax; buses. Ring Mary 8431 Cost $60 pw plus expens- $60 pw. Ph 8371 7686. base. $75. Ph 8271 3386. 1849 (ah). 24 hour pager. Ph Anne 5202. es. Ring Steven 8303 Every 8415 7866. WANTED: 2-3 br house GENUINE PERSIAN CAR- DEPARTMENTAL DAW PARK: Lge spotless 5783 (wk) or 8263 7545 close to Uni for IT Manager. PETS: Flowery, top quality, 1br unit, lounge/dine, (hm). WANTED Required 4-6 mth lease. Ph tabrizi pattern: 1 @ 1m MITSUBISHI MAGNA: kitchen, bathroom/laundry. ST PETERS: Person (vege- 019 979 162. x1.5 m. $1,500 ono; 1 @ S/wagon, 1994, white, BOYS’ BOARDING HOUSE Neat rear yard. Close to tarian, non-smoker, 28 plus) 1.3m x 1.8m. $2,200 ono. 16,334 kms, manual, air WANTED: Single profes- ASSISTANT: An opportuni- shops and transport. $80 to share house with 2 Ph 8379 0828. cond, car immobiliser, mud- sional, refs, seeks long term ty exists in Campbell House, pw. Ph 8272 0666. women and cat. $62.50 pw flaps. VOU 703. To house-sitting, 6 - 8 months. HOLDEN CAMIRA: 1986 Pembroke School for a N A I L S W O R T H + exp + bond. Ph 8362 Ring Margaret 8278 5365. SL/X wagon, 1.9 EFI, air arrange inspection ph 1360. Boarding House Assistant. (PROSPECT): Looking for con, stereo rad/cass, tinted Stephen Guest ext 35467. The position of fers full 2 women to share beautiful, TUSCANY (ITALY): FOR SALE windows, tow bar, 10 mths Tenders in a sealed enve- board and lodgings for the vegetarian, non-smoking Beautiful historic farmbouse reg, good cond. VNB 044. lope marked Tender No duration of the School year. house. Lge rooms, open between Florence & Siena. $4,600 ono. Ph Sam 8303 W180, to the Purchasing In return, the successful BARINA: 1987. Electric Manager, Waite Campus, by fireplaces, polished wooden Fully restored and owned by 5832 or 8271 1182 (ah) or applicant is expected to do blue, auto, air, central lock, Fri 27 Sep, ‘96. floors, loads of character Melbourne architect. Avail email: email@example.com- duties of 15-18hrs pw con- alarm, stereo. Good condi- and imminent herb and for rental from Nov ‘96. laide.edu.au tact time which includes tion. VHD 967. $6,350 MISCELLANEOUS vegie garden. Close to uni, Accomodates up to 6 adults supervising, tutoring and ono. Ph 8268 4512 (ah). LAND: 30m x 15m level city, transpor t & shops. in superb location with won- the pastoral care of boys DATSUN 240K: 1976. block, fenced on two sides, $60 pw + expenses. Ph derful views. For coloured GIVE AWAY: Ladies 2 from Years 7 to 12. Has been cheap and reliable soil report. Ocean/hills 8342 0486. brochure and booking wheeler bike. Old, no Applications in writing, but will need work. Owner views. Southern area. 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