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European Centre for Modern Languages, Graz Powered By Docstoc
					                      EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MODERN L ANGUAGES
                       CENTRE EUROPEEN POUR LES L ANGUES V IVANTES


Nikolaiplatz 4, A-8020 Graz, Tel.: +43-316-32 35 54, Fax: +43-316-32 35 54 4, e-mail: information@ecml.at




 European Centre for Modern Languages, Graz




 Internet-based resources
 for the practice of listening and speaking skills




 Viola Borsos, Csaba Schultheisz




 July 2001
                                                    3



                                         Foreword

Following a ECML workshop in 1999 which dealt with the use of Internet-based
resources for the promotion of reading and writing skills it seemed only logical to look
into what the Internet offers for the practice of the remaining two classical skills
listening and speaking. The ECML decided to award a fellowship of three months to a
young researcher from Romania, Viola Borsos, to carry out the research between April-
June 2000.

Csaba Schultheisz from Hungary was asked to review the sites and to prepare and edit
the present collection.

The resources included are by no means comprehensive, however, they offer an
interesting view of the potential and the possibilities and as such can serve as a useful
tool for teachers who wish to explore the potential of the Internet with their learners.

In principle the Internet-based resources will be checked and updated once every
six months to ensure their accuracy.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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                                          Table of contents

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 9


I. RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET ...................................................................... 12


II. LISTENING PRACTICE ON THE INTERNET................................................. 19
   1. SOUNDS OF ENGLISH................................................................................................ 19
      a. Vowels................................................................................................................. 19
            ► /i/ vs. /i:/ ................................................................................................... 19
            ► /a:/ vs. /ae/ ................................................................................................ 21
            ► /o/ ............................................................................................................. 21
            ► /ae/ ........................................................................................................... 21
            ► /e/ vs. /I:/ .................................................................................................. 22
            ► how to pronounce written “o”................................................................. 22
         Diphthongs ......................................................................................................... 22
            ► /ow/ .......................................................................................................... 22
            ► /ae/ vs. /ey/ ............................................................................................... 23
            ► /i/ vs. ay/ .................................................................................................. 23
            ► /o/ vs. /ow/ ............................................................................................... 23
            ► /^/ vs. /uw/ ............................................................................................... 24
            ► /ey/, /iy/, /ow/, /uw/ .................................................................................. 24
            ►how to pronounce written “o”.................................................................. 24
         Disappearing vowels .......................................................................................... 25
            Reduction ...................................................................................................... 25
      b. Consonants ......................................................................................................... 25
            ► the alphabet, general information on consonants, their production,
               consonant classes, etc. ............................................................................. 25
            ► /l/ vs. /r/ .................................................................................................... 28
            ► voiced and voiceless –th .......................................................................... 28
            ► /s/ vs. /sh/, /ch/ ......................................................................................... 30
            ► /b/ vs. /v/ .................................................................................................. 30
            ► /f/ vs. /v/, /p/............................................................................................. 31
            ► /j/, /z/ ........................................................................................................ 31
            ► past tense endings /t/, /d/, or /id/ .............................................................. 32
            ► 3rd person singular verb s-endings .......................................................... 32
            ► GH words ................................................................................................. 33
            ► R words .................................................................................................... 33
            ► words with silent consonants ................................................................... 33
      c. Minimal Pairs ..................................................................................................... 34
            ► l vs. r ........................................................................................................ 34
            ► b vs. v ....................................................................................................... 34
            ► f vs. v ....................................................................................................... 35
            ► s vs. sh...................................................................................................... 35
            ► voiceless TH ............................................................................................ 35



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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            ► voiced TH ................................................................................................ 35
            ► I vs. i ........................................................................................................ 36
            ► s, sh and ch............................................................................................... 36
            ► v vs. w ...................................................................................................... 36
         Tongue Twisters ................................................................................................. 37
            ► the sound TH (voiceless) ......................................................................... 37
            ► the sound TH (voiced) ............................................................................. 37
            ► l and r ....................................................................................................... 37
            ► I and i ....................................................................................................... 38
            ► s, sh and ch............................................................................................... 38
            ► v and w..................................................................................................... 38
         Homophones ....................................................................................................... 39
         Homonyms ......................................................................................................... 39

  2. WORD AND SENTENCE STRESS ................................................................................. 40
     a. Word stress ......................................................................................................... 40
           ► compounds (nouns, adverbs) ................................................................... 41
           ► noun-noun compounds (2-word compound nouns) ................................. 41
           ► phrasal verbs ............................................................................................ 42
           ► reduction .................................................................................................. 42
           ► homographs ............................................................................................. 42
           ► reflexive pronouns ................................................................................... 43
           ► prefixes .................................................................................................... 43
           ► suffixes..................................................................................................... 44
           ► numbers ................................................................................................... 44
     b. Sentence Stress ................................................................................................... 44

  3. INTONATION ............................................................................................................ 45
       Everyday English Conversations ........................................................................ 46
          ► greetings................................................................................................... 46
          ► in a restaurant........................................................................................... 46
          ► asking the way ......................................................................................... 47
          ► telephone .................................................................................................. 47

  4. CONVERSATIONS ..................................................................................................... 49
         ► general ..................................................................................................... 49
         ► greetings, meetings .................................................................................. 50
         ► weather..................................................................................................... 51
         ► directions ................................................................................................. 52
         ► eating ....................................................................................................... 53
         ► telephone .................................................................................................. 54
         ► travel ........................................................................................................ 57
         ► health ....................................................................................................... 58
         ► work ......................................................................................................... 58
         ► pastimes, leisure....................................................................................... 59
         ► shoppingpastimes, leisure ........................................................................ 59
         ►shopping ................................................................................................... 60




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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   5. POETRY .................................................................................................................... 61

   6. INTERVIEWS AND STORIES ....................................................................................... 63
           ► tales .......................................................................................................... 64
           ► daily routine ............................................................................................. 66
           ► family ....................................................................................................... 67
           ► introducing oneself .................................................................................. 68
           ► likes and dislikes ...................................................................................... 70
           ► food .......................................................................................................... 71
           ► social issues, current events ..................................................................... 72
           ► lifestyles ................................................................................................... 74
           ► interesting events ..................................................................................... 77
           ► foreign customs........................................................................................ 78
           ► travel ........................................................................................................ 80

III. SPEAKING SKILLS THROUGH THE INTERNET? ...................................... 83


IV. ONLINE RADIO STATIONS .............................................................................. 84




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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Introduction



The present directory of Internet links (so to say a “Linkography”) aims to enumerate
most of the websites related to online learning of English and enhance listening skills.
As an alternative to already “tried and tested” learning methods Internet is a new and
fun resource. It offers some extremely good sites for practising skills necessary for
speaking and listening. However, practising speaking skills by means of Internet may
sound a little bit “science fiction” at first, given the circumstance of needing more than
one person for it. Important non-verbal components such as body language, facial
expression and intonation play cannot be present while learning a language through
Internet. The following figure shows the importance of these elements in
communication.


                           Figure


                       3


                                                    1   Body language
                                                    2   Intonation and stress, etc.
             2
                                          1         3   Verbal: lexicon, syntax




As language is more than sounds and words it is obviously rather difficult if not
impossible to practise speaking via Internet. Till now there was only one site to find,
offering online interviews with English tutors. However, surfing through all the above-
mentioned web pages gives a solid base for later conversations with English speakers.


Basing the lessons on Internet both teachers and students might face several other
problems such as connection failure. To avoid it the teacher always need a back-up plan.
(Of course, this does not mean that the tape recorder or the video cannot break down.)

One of the greatest advantages of Internet usage is self-study: students can do the
exercises or listen to the stories as many times as they want and at their own place, if
they need. There is no chance for this in the classroom.

Even if Internet cannot function as the only future tool and means of learning and
teaching a language; because – as the above-mentioned research confirmed – machine
could never substitute human factor. However, we are certain that it will play a more
important role than it does now.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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The completion of this work was led by two priorities: clarity and time. The structure of
the information provides an easy and quick use even for teachers under time pressure.
Due to the fact that its information source is in the status of permanent change, Internet-
based research cannot be ever up-to-date. Therefore it is very important to underline that
the user himself may personalise and extend the “Resource Pack” at any time.

Most of the detected sites were focusing on pronunciation, conversation and telling
stories. Some of them are amazingly good, but I have included some other sites, which
we do not consider as explicitly useful. However it is our personal opinion as it results
from my teaching and learning experience.

All sites were available at the time of the revision, therefore we cannot take any
responsibility for missing pages or links.

At the beginning of my research work I did not expect a report in a such extension as it
has turned out to be. I had to modify the structure due to the amount of my findings and
for a useful and quick reference. The composition of the “Resource Pack” was led by
following principles:

   1. The English sounds
      This chapter involves the system of English sounds, which can be divided into
      vowels and consonants. The aforementioned classes are broken down into
      sounds with the corresponding links. I have included minimal pairs (according
      to the vowel and consonant sound they offer practice for), tongue twisters,
      homonyms and homophones. There are numerous very good links on the
      Internet dealing with these issues, therefore it seems to be appropriate to
      integrate them into this work. I would also like to point out that homonyms were
      included as they take the sound practice a step further.

   2. Word and sentence stress
      The chapter deals, apart from sentence stress, with word stress in case of
      compounds, phrasal verbs, homographs, prefixes and suffixes.

   3. Intonation
      The chapter includes links related to daily conversations, apart from the proper
      intonation practice, as they can be considered serving multiple purposes:
      intonation, vocabulary and function.

   4. Conversations
      The conversation links are thematically grouped: general dialogues, inquiries,
      greetings, eating, phone calls, travel, health, work, leisure and shopping.

   5. Stories and poems
      Similar to the chapter with the conversation links the 5th chapter is built by
      thematic groups too: tales, daily routine, family, self introduction, likes and
      dislikes, food, interesting events, foreign customs and travel. To maintain the
      adopted detailed structure, a number of sites were enumerated in more than one
      chapter at the same time.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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Most of the presented exercises are gap-fills, listening and repeating or multiple choice
answer exercises. The exercises are grouped by levels (beginner, advanced, etc.),
students of each level can find the appropriate.

Finally you will find a list with online radio station addresses as well as a list of useful
websites to practise all the above-mentioned grammar lessons, with their short
description.




Let us start your Internet courses with a quote from G.B. Shaw about English
pronunciation.

                         Hints on pronunciation for foreigners
                                George Bernard Shaw

                                I take it you already know

                       of tough and bough and cough and dough.
                            Others may stumble, but not you,
                       On hiccough, thorough, laugh and through.
                        Well done! And now you wish, perhaps,
                             To learn of less familiar traps.

                           Beware of heard, a dreadful word
                       That looks like beard and sounds like bird.
                         And dead-it's said like bed, not bead.
                         For goodness sake, don't call it deed!
                        Watch out for meat and great and threat.
                      They rhyme with suite and straight and debt.

                              A moth is not a moth in mother,
                          Nor both in bother, broth in brother,
                            And here is not a match for there,
                          Nor dear and fear for pear and bear.
                         And then there's dose and rose and lose
                        Just look them up--and goose and choose.
                         And cork and work and card and ward.
                         And font and front and word and sword.
                          And do and go, then thwart and cart.
                          Come, come I've hardly made a start.

                             A dreadful language? Man alive,
                              I'd mastered it when I was five!


Good luck in the labyrinth of English pronunciation! ☺



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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I. Resources on the Internet

The following list of websites it not by far complete, it aims to show only a few of the
many existing basic sites. The websites and web pages were all checked and they were
all available at the date of printing. The short description is performed from the point of
view of listening, it does not deal with all the other aspects the website may have.


1.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/
                         An extremely valuable resource for learning and practising proper
                         pronunciation: vowels, consonants, and minimal pairs.
Description:             A great variety of exercises for all levels having a very good
                         pedagogical approach as it leads the student step by step: how to
                         produce sounds, examples as well as offering a great deal of exercises.
Recommendation:          Good.


2.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://mail.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/
                         A site designed especially for Korean students with pronunciation
Description:             problems. Issues dealt with: vowels, consonants, clusters, endings, stress
                         and intonation. It uses rather unusual phonetic symbols.
Recommendation:          Even if you are not a Korean you can use it.


3.
Provider:                University of Stirling (UK)
Link:                    http://www.marlodge.supanet.com/listen/index.html
                         A number of listening exercises, not suitable for low levels; logic
Description:             puzzles and crossword puzzles with sound clues, treasure hunt, hidden
                         word and telephone messages (multiple choice exercises).
Recommendation:          Good.




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4.
Provider:                Travlang
Link:                    http://www.travlang.com/languages/
                         Basic English lessons and listening exercises for people in their own
Description:
                         mother tongue (80 languages available).
Recommendation:          Good for beginners.


5.
Provider:                BBC Online – BBC Education (UK)
Link:                    http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/wordsandpictures/
                         Games and activities to learn the sounds in a funny way. It is especially
Description:             suitable for lower levels and children. There are stories and poems for
                         reading and listening too.
Recommendation:          Amazing, especially for kids.


6.
Provider:                Digital Education Network (US)
Link:                    http://www.edunet.com/english/grammar/alpha.html
                         A grammar site teaching the alphabet. It is very good for beginners with
Description:
                         only listening and repeating exercises.
Recommendation:          Recommended.


7.
Provider:                George Mason University (Virginia, US)
                         http://classweb.gmu.edu/classweb/swidmaye/sounds/sounds.htm
Link:
                         http://www.soundsofenglish.org
                         A link serving as an introduction into the system of English sounds with
Description:
                         examples for repeating.
Recommendation:          OK.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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8.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/
                         Three features of this site related to listening skills:
                          Guide to pronunciation and spelling, dealing with organs of speech,
                           vowels, consonants, comparative study of vowels with exercises;
Description:
                          Listen and read Jack London’s Call of the Wild;
                          Conversations dealing with common everyday situations presented
                           with text and sound.
Recommendation:          Suitable for all levels.


9.
Provider:                University of Washington (US)
Link:                    http://faculty.washington.edu/dillon/PhonResources/PhonResources.html
                         A general introduction into the symbols of American English vowel
Description:
                         system with listening examples.
Recommendation:          Serious.


10.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/
                         A site for pronunciation and listening in general, covering the following
                         areas:
                          Consonant and vowel sounds with relevant exercises;
Description:
                          Reduction;
                          Stress patterns;
                          Stories with a pronunciation focus.

Recommendation:          Very good.


11.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/ELFsX.html
                         – Exercise with minimal pairs;
                         – Conversation focusing on idioms;
Description:
                         – Mouth manglers;
                         Free online registration.
Recommendation:          Funny.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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12.
Provider:                California State University Long Beach (US)
Link:                    http://www.csulb.edu/~linguag/phonemes/
                         The site of the Linguistic Department of California State University
                         dealing with the phonetic alphabet of English. There is a list of words
                         containing some examples with the specific sound. Clicking on the
Description:
                         highlighted letter enables the student to see the corresponding phonetic
                         symbol. At the moment it is available only for consonants, but it will be
                         extended for vowels as well.
Recommendation:          Simple and useful.


13.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (US)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/
                         The main focus is on conversations, compact listening lessons, following
                         the structure of:
                            General listening quizzes for low, mid and high levels covering a
                             wide range of topics;
Description:                Listening quizzes for academic or specific purposes (mid and high
                             level);
                            Long conversations (mid and high level);
                            Short listening quizzes for all levels, including minimal pairs as well
                             as homophones.
Recommendation:          Very good for all levels.


14.
Provider:                EnglishCLUB.com, Oxford (UK)
Link:                    http://www.englishclub.net/pronunciation/index.htm
                         The site provides important information with examples on the
                         followings:
                            Word stress;
Description:
                            Linking words;
                            Sentence stress;
                            How to pronounce “-ed”.
Recommendation:          Very useful.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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15.
Provider:                John Liang & Sydney Rice
Link:                    http://www.focusenglish.com/
                         A great number of conversations structured as follows: communication,
Description:             eating, emotions, fashion, friendship, health, housing, life, memory,
                         money. There are just reading and listening exercises.
Recommendation:          Regarding the vocabulary, the conversations can be useful.


16.
Provider:                The Academy of American Poets
Link:                    http://www.poets.org/booth/booth.cfm?prmAlpha=A
                         A site with around 100 poems (including poems from W.H. Auden,
                         Ezra Pound, Sylvia Plath, etc.) where students can read and listen at the
Description:
                         same time, and browse by name or title. Unfortunately there are no
                         follow-up exercises.
Recommendation:          Amazing for literature fans.


17.
Provider:                Boston University (and others)
Link:                    http://www.favoritepoem.org./archive/index.html
                         Similarly to No. 15 the site contains a great variety of poetry (“Favorite
                         Poem Project – Americans saying poems they love”), which can be
Description:
                         listened and read at the same time. It is definitely a site for intermediate
                         or higher level students.
Recommendation:          Ambitious.


18.
Provider:                Grand County School District (USA – Utah)
Link:                    http://www.grand.k12.ut.us/esl/home.html
                         The audio based teaching aid for a set of books entitled Working in
                         English. There are two books mentioned, with situations around the
Description:
                         subjects of “Finding a Job”, and “Keeping a Job”. The lessons are not
                         suitable for low level students.
Recommendation:          Very good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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19.
Provider:                University of Illinois (US)
Link:                    http://deil.lang.uiuc.edu/LCRA/
                         The site consists of four interviews transmitted by several radio stations.
Description:             This completed by interactive exercises. There are complete lesson plans
                         (pre-listening, listening and post-listening activities).
Recommendation:          Extremely useful resource for teachers. Suitable for higher levels.


20.
Provider:                University of Florida
Link:                    http://grove.ufl.edu/~ktrickel/activity.html
                         Similar to No. 18, the site offers full lesson procedures for listening
                         comprehension lessons (including vocabulary study). Topics include:
Description:
                         alien abduction, death penalty, road rage, waste and recycling, human
                         cloning and Halloween activity.
Recommendation:          Useful for teachers.


21.
Provider:                Candlelight Stories
Link:                    http://www.candlelightstories.com/Radio.htm
                         A collection of tales for children, without exercises, just for listening and
Description:             dreaming. Nine trial stories are for free, all the rest is available for
                         19,95 USD yearly.
Recommendation:          Beautiful.


22.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/flmenu.phtml?level=1
                         Hundreds of stories (structured as Academic English (for mid and high
                         levels) – American English (for low, mid and high levels) – International
                         English (for low, mid and high levels) – Narrative (for mid and high
Description:
                         level)), some of them with vocabulary study and comprehension
                         questions to follow, but with a transcript for all of them. Full service
                         available for 20 USD a month.
Recommendation:          Well structured.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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23.
Provider:                About.com Inc.
Link:                    http://esl.about.com/homework/esl/
Description:             Exercises for English learners to practise listening and writing skills.
Recommendation:          Good.


24.
Provider:                George Washington University (United States)
Link:                    http://gwis2.circ.gwu.edu/~gwvcusas/shlistening.htm
Description:             A catalogue of Internet links with listening possibilities.
Recommendation:          Very useful.


25.
Provider:                Dave's ESL Cafe
Link:                    http://eslcafe.com/pronunciation/
                         The demo version of an interactive software designed to teach the
Description:
                         pronunciation of the English language.
Recommendation:          Interesting.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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II. Listening practice on the Internet
1. Sounds of English

a. Vowels

Some of the used symbols are (for technical reasons) not the standard phonetic symbols.


26.
Provider:                Digital Education Network (US)
Link:                    http://www.edunet.com/english/grammar/alpha.html
                         A good site for learning the alphabet. The grouping of the letters does
Description:             not follow the criteria to help the pronunciation, but it can serve as a
                         useful first step to learn the basics. It provides a spelling help too.
Recommendation:          Recommended.


► /i/ vs. /i:/

27.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/
                         The focus is on /i/ vs. /i:/
Description:
                         Minimal pairs, tongue twisters and dictation are available.
Recommendation:          An extremely good and useful resource.


28.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/vows.html
                         A site especially designed for native Korean English learners,
Description:
                         It uses strange phonetic symbols.
Recommendation:          Even if you are not a Korean you can use it.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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29.
Provider:                George Mason University (Virginia, US)
                         http://classweb.gmu.edu/classweb/swidmaye/sounds/directory.html
Link:
                         http://www.soundsofenglish.org
                         There are not any exercises, it is rather a pronunciation help: listening
Description:
                         and repeating.
Recommendation:          It is OK.


30.
Provider:                University of Stirling (UK)
                         http://www.stir.ac.uk/departments/humansciences/celt/staff/higdox/steph
Link:
                         en/phono/vowel/vowel.htm
                         There are no exercises, more a description of the system of English
Description:
                         sounds: short vowels vs. long vowels. Listening and repeating.
Recommendation:          A little bit dry.


31.
Provider:                BBC Online – BBC Education (UK)
Link:                    http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/wordsandpictures/longvow/index.shtml
                         It is a lovely way of practising long vowel sounds through ten little
Description:
                         poems; all concentrating on different vowel sounds.
Recommendation:          Amazing, especially for kids.


32.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/Pronunciation/vowels/vowels.htm
                         An introduction to the vowel system: comparative study of vowels,
Description:             contrasting simple and complex vowels (diphthongs) as well as short
                         and long vowels. Listening, repeating and recognition exercises.
Recommendation:          Suitable for all levels.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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33.
Provider:                University of Washington (US)
Link:                    http://faculty.washington.edu/dillon/PhonResources/newstart.html
                         Symbols for American English vowel sounds with an example for each
Description:
                         sound to listen to.
Recommendation:          Serious.


► /a:/ vs. /ae/


34.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/a-_-ae.html
                         It shows the basic spelling pattern as well as examples of other words
Description:             with the same vowel sound. Homonyms, tongue-twisters, listen-and-type
                         exercises.
Recommendation:          Very good, with other materials to learn and teach English.


► /o/


35.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/awquiz.html
                         Students listen and fill in the missing word. There are 15 questions to
Description:
                         answer.
Recommendation:          See above.


► /ae/


36.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/ae.html
                         It shows the basic spelling pattern as well as examples of other words
Description:             with the same vowel sound, homonyms, practice through texts: song and
                         poem
Recommendation:          See above.



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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► /e/ vs. /I:/


37.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/sit-site.html
                         Examples in order to “train the ear and the eye” of the students for the
Description:             difference between the two sounds in terms of spelling and
                         pronunciation.
Recommendation:          See above.


► how to pronounce written “o”


38.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/written_o.html
                         It takes the students through the labyrinth of English spelling, showing
Description:
                         the variety of sounds a letter can render, including: silent “o”, / u /, /i/
Recommendation:          See above.


                                        Diphthongs


► /ow/


39.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/ow2.html
Description:             Three little stories to listen and repeat, for practising this sound.
Recommendation:          See above.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
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► /ae/ vs. /ey/


40.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/sit-site.html
                         Examples in order to “train the ear and the eye” of the students for the
Description:             difference between the two sounds in terms of spelling and
                         pronunciation.
Recommendation:          See above.


► /i/ vs. ay/


41.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/sit-site.html
                         Examples in order to “train the ear and the eye” of the students for the
Description:             difference between the two sounds in terms of spelling and
                         pronunciation.
Recommendation:          See above.


► /o / vs. /ow/


42.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/sit-site.html
                         Examples in order to “train the ear and the eye” of the students for the
Description:             difference between the two sounds in terms of spelling and
                         pronunciation.
Recommendation:          See above.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             24



► /^/ vs. /uw/


43.
Provider:                  Easton Language Education
Link:                      http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/sit-site.html
                           Examples in order to “train the ear and the eye” of the students for the
Description:               difference between the two sounds in terms of spelling and
                           pronunciation.
Recommendation:            See above.


► /ey/, /iy/, /ow/, /uw/


44.
Provider:                  Easton Language Education
Link:                      http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/sit-site.html
Description:               There are examples of the correct pronunciation of these diphthongs.
Recommendation:            See above.


► how to pronounce written “o”


45.
Provider:                  Easton Language Education
Link:                      http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/written_o.html
                           It takes the students through the labyrinth of English spelling showing
Description:
                           the variety of sounds a letter can render, including: /ow/, /uw/, /aw/.
Recommendation:            See above.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             25



                                   Disappearing vowels

Reduction

46.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/reduction0.html
                         A page dealing with the phenomenon of reduction. There are no actual
                         exercises, it gives an explanation in what circumstances does this
Description:
                         phenomenon occur and the changes it causes with relevant examples: the
                         vowel before -r, -l and -n.
Recommendation:          See above.


b. Consonants


► the alphabet, general information on consonants, their production, consonant
  classes, etc.

47.
Provider:                Digital Education Network
Link:                    http://www.edunet.com/english/grammar/alpha.html
                         A good site for learning the alphabet. The grouping of the letters does
Description:             not follow the criteria to help the pronunciation, but it can serve as a
                         useful first step to learn the basics. It provides a spelling help too.
Recommendation:          Recommended as useful.


48.
Provider:                California State University Long Beach (US)
Link:                    http://www.csulb.edu/~linguag/phonemes/exercise_1.html
                         The site of the Linguistic Department of California State University
                         dealing with the phonetic alphabet of English. There is a list of words
                         containing some examples with the specific sound. Clicking on the
Description:
                         highlighted letter enables the student to see the corresponding phonetic
                         symbol. At the moment it is available only for consonants, but it will be
                         extended for vowels as well.
Recommendation:          Simple and useful.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             26



49.
Provider:                George Mason University (Virginia, US)
                         http://classweb.gmu.edu/classweb/swidmaye/sounds/directory.html
Link:
                         http://www.soundsofenglish.org
                         A link serving as an introduction into the system of English sounds with
Description:
                         examples for repeating as pronunciation help.
Recommendation:          Recommended.


50.
Provider:                Centre for English Language Teaching – Stirling University (UK)
                         http://www.stir.ac.uk/departments/humansciences/celt/staff/higdox/steph
Link:
                         en/phono/consona/conso.htm
                         It is a description of the English sound system with listening and
Description:
                         repeating exercises.
Recommendation:          Well organised.


51.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/Pronunciation/consonant/consonan.htm
                         It is a fairly phonological approach using specialist terminology, without
Description:
                         causing any problems for non-experts.
Recommendation:          Suitable for all levels.


52.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://www.engl.polyu.edu.hk/Materials/Pronunciation/games/an.htm
                         As an organic continuation of No. 51, this site offers the practical use of
Description:
                         phonetic symbols as a game.
Recommendation:          Funny.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             27



53.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/
                         An extremely valuable resource for learning and practising proper
                         pronunciation: vowels, consonants, and minimal pairs.
Description:             A great variety of exercises for all levels having a very good
                         pedagogical approach as it leads the student step by step: how to
                         produce sounds, examples as well as offering a great deal of exercises.
Recommendation:          Very good.


54.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/cons.html
                         It bears similarities to the links Nos. 2 and 28, being an introductory site
Description:             for production of consonants as: /z/, /f/, /v/, /r/, /l/, voiced and voiceless
                         /th/, with recognition exercises.
Recommendation:          Even if you are not a Korean you can use it.


55.
Provider:                University of Washington (US)
                         http://faculty.washington.edu/dillon/PhonResources/consframe2_files/co
Link:
                         nstoc.html
                         It is an overview of consonant classes with sound samples for all types
Description:
                         of consonants: stops, fricatives, approximants, and nasals.
Recommendation:          Serious with useful samples.


56.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/consonants.html
                         This page provides an introduction, an overview of the consonant system
                         as well as good examples and valuable practice. It also focuses on the
                         more difficult sounds and on various phenomena happening in the world
Description:             of consonants. Issues covered: word final S, past tense -ED, the way
                         written CH, TH is pronounced, GH words, word with silent letters,
                         R words (homonyms and crossword puzzle as well as /s, z, iz/ and /t, d,
                         id/ practice.
Recommendation:          Good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             28



► /l/ vs. /r/


57.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (US)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron1.htm
Description:             A multiple choice exercise to practice l and r.
Recommendation:          Something different.


58.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/MMz.html
                         It does not offer a great variety of exercises (listen and repeat),
Description:
                         nevertheless useful practice.
Recommendation:          Keep care of your tongue.


59.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/rlquiz.html
Description:             An /r/ vs. /l/ quiz to listen and select the right answer.
Recommendation:          Learning by gambling.


► voiced and voiceless –th


60.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/MMz.html
Description:             As described in No. 58.
Recommendation:          See above.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             29



61.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/thdquiz.html
                         A voiced /th/ vs. /d / quiz, a recognition exercise, where students listen
Description:
                         and choose the right answer.
Recommendation:          Learning by gambling.


62.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/thtquiz.html
                         A voiceless /th/ vs. /t/ quiz, a recognition exercise, where the students
Description:
                         listen and choose the right answer.
Recommendation:          Learning by gambling.


63.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/TH.html
                         Short answer questions about the written TH sound with immediate
Description:
                         check, without spelling exercises.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting…


64.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/ConsonantReviewTHc.html
                         Similar to No. 63, short answer questions about the spoken TH sound
Description:
                         with immediate check.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting…




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             30



► /s/ vs. /sh/, /ch/


65.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron4.htm
Description:             Multiple choice exercises about the spelling of /s/ and /sh/.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting…


66.
Provider:                Adam Rado’s English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/MMz.html
Description:             As described in No. 58.
Recommendation:          See No. 58.


67.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/ch.html
                         Rules practice and explanations on how to pronounce written CH,
Description:
                         followed by an audio quiz.
Recommendation:          OK.


► /b/ vs. /v/


68.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron2.htm
Description:             Multiple choice exercises about the spelling of /b/ and /v/.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting…




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             31



► /f/ vs. /v/, /p/


69.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron3.htm
Description:             Multiple choice exercises about the spelling of /f/ and /v/, /p/.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting...


70.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/MMz.html
Description:             As described in No. 58.
Recommendation:          See No. 58.


► /j/, /z/


71.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/MMz.html
Description:             As described in No. 58.
Recommendation:          See No. 58.


72.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/jzquiz.html
                         A /j/ and /z/ quiz, a recognition exercise, where the students listen and
Description:
                         choose the right answer.
Recommendation:          Learning by gambling.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             32



73.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/zhjquiz.html
Description:             Similar to No. 72, a /zh/ and /j/ quiz.
Recommendation:          See above.


► past tense endings /t/, /d/, or /id/


74.
Provider:                EnglishCLUB.com, Oxford (United Kingdom)
Link:                    http://www.englishclub.net/pronunciation/-ed.htm
                         A more or less theoretical introduction into the logistics of when how to
Description:
                         pronounce the past tense -ed, without listening practices.
Recommendation:          Useful.


75.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/pastex.html
                         A description being followed by examples and quizzes to explain past
Description:
                         tense ending.
Recommendation:          Usual quality of Easton-pages.


► 3rd person singular verb s-endings


76.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/_s_z_iz_.html
                         It gives an accurate and quality explanation with examples, followed by
Description:             practice and quizzes (practice through poems and little stories focusing
                         on the relevant sounds).
Recommendation:          Extremely good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             33



► GH words


77.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/ghwords.html
Description:             A valuable introduction with examples followed by an audio quiz.
Recommendation:          Good.


► R words

78.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/CrosswordER.html
Description:             A crossword puzzle without sound clues, but very useful practice.
Recommendation:          Usual quality of Easton-pages.


79.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/HomonymsR2.html
                         Similar to No. 78, an exercise, dealing with homonyms, without a
Description:
                         listening part.
Recommendation:          Useful.


► words with silent consonants


80.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/silent_letters.html
                         An exercise related to words with silent consonants such as: silent P/B,
Description:             K/G, T/D, GH, CH, H, L, M, N, S, TH and W, completed by an audio
                         quiz.
Recommendation:          Good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             34



c. Minimal pairs

Minimal pairs are words that differ in one sound having different spelling and meaning.


► l vs. r


81.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron1.htm
Description:             Multiple choice exercises about the spelling of /r/ and /l/.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting...


82.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/minpair3.html
                         Students listen to and compare pairs of words (with explanation), which
Description:
                         are the same except for one sound (“l” or “r”).
Recommendation:          Very good.


► b vs. v


83.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron2.htm
                         A minimal pair quiz. Students listen to the sentences choosing one of the
Description:
                         two words displayed. There is also a quiz script.
Recommendation:          A good practice.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             35



► f vs. v


84.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron3.htm
Description:             A similar minimal pair quiz to No. 83 with key and quiz script.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting…


► s vs. sh


85.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/pron3.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 83, except the sample words contain “s” or “sh”.
Recommendation:          For the first time interesting…


► voiceless TH


86.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/minpair1.html
                         Words containing a voiceless TH are to be recognised by listening and
Description:
                         comparing with similar sounds. With explanation of the words.
Recommendation:          Very good.


► voiced TH


87.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/minpair2.html
Description:             Similar to No. 86, but this time words contain voiced TH.
Recommendation:          Very good.



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             36




► I vs. i


88.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/minpair4.html
                         Words containing “I” or “i” are to be compared and recognised. With
Description:
                         explanation of the listed words.
Recommendation:          Very good.


► s, sh and ch


89.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/minpair5.html
                         Words containing “s”, “sh” and “ch” are compared to each other. With
Description:
                         explanation of the listed words.
Recommendation:          Extremely useful.


► v vs. w


90.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/minpair6.html
Description:             Similar to No. 89, but words contain in this case “v” or “w”.
Recommendation:          Very good.


91.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/SAY%20WHAT/Say%20Whatx.html
                         By using this site, students train to recognise the difference between
Description:             similar sounding words. It does not concentrate only on a certain pair of
                         sounds.
Recommendation:          Useful.



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             37




                                      Tongue Twisters


► the sound TH (voiceless)


92.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/twisters1.html
Description:             Tongue twisters to be repeated, to the correct use of voiceless TH.
Recommendation:          Very good.


► the sound TH (voiced)


93.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/twisters2.html
Description:             Similar to No. 92, but in this case words contain voiced TH.
Recommendation:          Very good.


► l and r


94.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/twisters3.html
Description:             The series of the Okanagan University's tongue twisters continues.
Recommendation:          Very good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             38



► I and i


95.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/twisters4.html
Description:             Tongue twisters with “I” and “i” sounds.
Recommendation:          Very good.


► s, sh and ch


96.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/twisters4.html
Description:             Similar to No. 92, but in this case words contain “s”, “sh” and “ch”.
Recommendation:          Very good.


► v and w


97.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/pron/twisters6.html
Description:             Tongue twisters to practice the sounds “v” and “w”.
Recommendation:          Very good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             39



                                       Homophones

Homophones are words that sound alike, but mean different things and are spelled in a
different way.
The following three sites help students to check their understanding of homophones i.e.
words that sound alike but mean different things. Students listen to the sentences and
choose the one of the two words they hear. All three exercises work on the same
principle, there is also a quiz script available.


98.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
                         http://www.esl-lab.com/wp1.htm
Links:                   http://www.esl-lab.com/wp2.htm
                         http://www.esl-lab.com/wp3.htm


                                        Homonyms


Homonyms are words spelt and pronounced in the same way but with a different
meaning


99.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/er1.html
                         A few examples of homophones under the heading of special words. It is
Description:             neither an extended practice nor an introduction, just a part of a very
                         good resource site. It gives a glimpse of homonyms.
Recommendation:          Good.


100.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/HomonymsR2.html
                         The site does not include listening exercises, but it offers a good
Description:
                         opportunity to complete them. R-words are in its focus.
Recommendation:          Very useful.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             40


2. Word and sentence stress

The next step in the learning process, on the “road” from recognition to production is
dealing with (word and sentence) stress.

Practising word and sentence stress via Internet sounds and seems to be unusual, but
I would like to underline, that it can be very useful as an alternative supplementary
activity to the traditional way of learning foreign languages. Most of the web pages
available tend to give more theoretical introductions, examples rather than proper
practice.

Stress is the term applied to words in isolation having more than one syllable, referring
to the characteristic of words making certain syllable stand out from the rest of it.


a. Word stress


101.
Provider:                Stirling University (UK)
                         http://www.stir.ac.uk/departments/humansciences/celt/staff/higdox/steph
Link:
                         en/phono/stress.htm
                         An introduction into the phenomenon of stress, discussing all its aspects;
Description:
                         it is a more informative page, rather than actual practice.
Recommendation:          A site of theoretical interest.


102.
Provider:                EnglishCLUB.com, Oxford (United Kingdom)
Link:                    http://www.englishclub.net/pronunciation/word-stress.htm
                         A pedagogical approach to word stress, being a fairly useful resource for
                         teaching this chapter of English grammar. The site deals with issues
Description:
                         such as: what is word stress, why is it important, where to put the stress
                         as well as examples of more difficult words.
Recommendation:          Highly recommended especially for language teachers.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             41



103.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://www.engl.polyu.edu.hk/Materials/Pronunciation/games/ess.htm
                         A medium quality site in matter of stress, with an exercise which gives
Description:
                         the phonetic transcription together with the stress.
Recommendation:          OK.


► compounds (nouns, adverbs)


104.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/cnstress.html
                         An audio exercise for students to decide where the stress lies. It is useful
Description:
                         as it enables students to check the rules. There is a link to a stress quiz.
Recommendation:          Good.


105.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/castress.html
                         An audio exercise for students to decide where the stress is in case of
Description:
                         compound adverbs, completed by the rules.
Recommendation:          Useful though less examples.


► noun-noun compounds (2-word compound nouns)


106.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/nncstress.html
Description:             The rules of word stress completed by an audio exercise.
Recommendation:          Useful.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             42


► phrasal verbs


107.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/twvstress.html
Description:             The rules of word stress completed by an audio quiz.
Recommendation:          See No. 105.


► reduction

108.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/_sh__zh_.html
                         The site contains examples of reduced endings in case of 3 or more
Description:
                         syllables, which can be listened.
Recommendation:          Easton-quality.


109.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/reduction2.html
                         The site deals with reduction, changes in pronunciation as a result of
Description:             stress, it gives examples of the most common reduced forms and
                         provides quality information.
Recommendation:          Good.


► homographs


110.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/nvpstress.html
Description:             The site offers the stress rules with an accompanying audio quiz.
Recommendation:          Simple and good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             43



111.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/2syla.html
Description:             A good reference list with plenty of examples (with sound samples too).
Recommendation:          Highly recommended.


112.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/2syl3.html
                         A good practice having the homographs in context i.e. in sentences,
Description:             where students listen to the sentences and mark the underlined words:
                         noun or verb.
Recommendation:          Useful.


► reflexive pronouns


113.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/rpstress.html
Description:             The site offers the stress rules with an accompanying audio quiz.
Recommendation:          Simple and good.


► prefixes


114.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/pstress.html
Description:             The site offers the stress rules with an accompanying audio quiz.
Recommendation:          Simple and good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             44



► suffixes


115.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/suffixes.html
Description:             The site offers the stress rules with an accompanying audio quiz.
Recommendation:          Simple and good.


► numbers


116.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/nstress.html
Description:             The site offers the stress rules with an accompanying audio quiz.
Recommendation:          Simple and good.


b. Sentence Stress


117.
Provider:                EnglishCLUB.com, Oxford (United Kingdom)
Link:                    http://www.englishclub.net/pronunciation/sentence-stress.htm
                         It gives an introduction and an overview of sentence stress with useful
Description:
                         explanations, rules as well as examples.
Recommendation:          A shame that examples cannot be listened.


118.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/stress.html
                         Examples of positive and negative stress (mainly on the main verb) and
Description:             strong negative stress on the auxiliary verb. Good examples to go with it
                         and there is also the possibility to listen to the given examples.
Recommendation:          Unfortunately no exercises again.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             45



119.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/sstress.html
                         A web page dealing with sentence stress from the perspective of Korean
                         language, having the Korean students in mind. There are only three
Description:             examples students can listen to. The page has a link to content words
                         (http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/content.html) and to function words
                         (http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/function.html).
Recommendation:          Useful.




3. Intonation

The message conveyed depends just as much on how we do say things as on what we
are going to say. The same word may to convey a huge variety of meanings, moods or
intentions. The way to differ between them is by using intonation. The concepts of
intonation are very closely related to those of stress, the difference can be seen in the
fact, that the stress is concerned with individual words, whereas intonation extends over
a phrase or utterance.

There are only few sites dealing with intonation. Indeed practically there are not any
sites offering intonation practice. Obviously the closer we get to language production on
this Internet journey the less material is available. The revelation of this fact should not
surprise us, as no one can practice these features of a language with a machine.

I have included links which I judged as useful for learning or familiarising proper
intonation by listening to certain dialogues which deal with standard everyday
situations.


120.
Provider:                Stirling University (UK)
                         http://www.stir.ac.uk/departments/humansciences/celt/staff/higdox/steph
Link:
                         en/phono/intona.htm
                         An introduction, a study on intonation with all important aspects
Description:             involved. It deals with the intonation patterns which are used on a
                         regular basis in English: falling, rising, flat, fall-rise, rise-fall.
Recommendation:          Correct.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             46



121.
Provider:                Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Link:                    http://sorak.kaist.ac.kr/~aizen/inton.html
                         Although under construction I have decided to include this page as it
Description:
                         may prove to be a useful reference in the future.
Recommendation:          Under construction.


                            Everyday English Conversations


► greetings


122.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/formal.htm
Description:             The site deals with formal greetings using a very basic vocabulary.
Recommendation:          Suitable for beginners.


123.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/informal.htm
Description:             The site deals with informal greetings, invitation.
Recommendation:          Useful from the point of view of intonation


► in a restaurant

124.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/restaurants.htm
Description:             A set of situation dialogues around going out in a restaurant.
                         Useful for the training of the right intonation and for essential
Recommendation:
                         vocabulary as well.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             47



► asking the way

125.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/D-way1.htm
Description:             A basic conversation with basic vocabulary.
Recommendation:          Suitable for beginners.


126.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/d-way2.htm
Description:             More advanced vocabulary as in No. 125.
Recommendation:          For almost-beginners.


► telephone


127.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/telephone.htm
Description:             A set of conversations related to phone calls.
Recommendation:          It is not very difficult, nevertheless useful for the right intonation.


128.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_getthru_notes.html
                         A dialogue dealing with the vocabulary linked to the problem of getting
Description:
                         through on the phone. Vocabulary notes and further practice is available.
Recommendation:          Good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             48



129.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_busysignal.html
Description:             I keep getting a busy line. Useful lexis as well as further practice.
Recommendation:          Good.


130.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_outoforder.html
Description:             Is your phone out of order? Further practice is available.
Recommendation:          Good for lower levels.


131.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_cut.html
Description:             My telephone was disconnected. A short conversation about it.
Recommendation:          It is good and further practice is available as well.


132.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_badconnection.html
                         We seem to have a bad connection. A short conversation with a listening
Description:
                         practice.
Recommendation:          Useful vocabulary and further practice.


133.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues
Link:
                         communication_leaveamessage.html
                         Would you care to leave a message? A short conversation with a
Description:
                         listening practice.
Recommendation:          Useful vocabulary and further practice.



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             49



4. Conversations


► general


134.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/like1/like1.htm
Description:             A discussion about likes and dislikes, a complete listening lesson.
Recommendation:          Very good for lower levels.


135.
Provider:                Adam Rado's English Learning Fun site
Link:                    http://www.elfs.com/2nInX-Title.html
                         Tune into idioms. The site contains conversations focusing on idioms.
Description:             Students shall find out the meaning by clicking on the highlighted
                         idioms. The text is accompanied by funny drawings.
Recommendation:          Suitable for higher levels.


136.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/bath1/bath1.htm
Description:             A full listening lesson with a conversation about the Japanese bath.
Recommendation:          Very good for mid level.


137.
Provider:                University of Stirling (UK)
Link:                    http://www.marlodge.supanet.com/listen/Crosswrd/Xlisten.htm
Description:             The site contains a crossword puzzle with sound clues.
Recommendation:          Good, but not suitable for lower levels.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             50



138.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/problem/probrd1.htm
                         A complete listening lesson with a man and a woman talking about
Description:
                         personal problems.
Recommendation:          Very good for high level students.


139.
Provider:                INTERLINK Language Centres
Link:                    http://eslus.com/LESSONS/SPELL/SPELL11A.HTM
Description:             A self-test spelling exercise with a general vocabulary.
Recommendation:          Useful.


140.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/learn/learnrd1.htm
                         Two people talking about learning foreign languages. A site with a
Description:
                         complete listening lesson.
Recommendation:          Very good for higher level students.


► greetings, meetings

141.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/greet.htm
Description:             A short listening exercise to practice saying hello and goodbye.
Recommendation:          Very good, especially for lower level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             51



142.
Provider:                Rice University, Houston, USA
Link:                    http://www.owlnet.rice.edu/~ling417/exercises/dialogue.html
                         The site contains a dialogue about a chance meeting. It is composed by a
Description:             listening unit, an actual video and a gap fill exercise. The complete test
                         is also available.
                         The educational purpose (the logic of the words missing) is hardly to
Recommendation:
                         find, but this does not make the exercises less useful.


143.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/
                         Formal and informal greetings with basic vocabulary, without additional
Description:
                         exercises.
Recommendation:          Suitable for beginners and lower levels.


144.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/stalk.htm
                         A very good exercise to practice greetings and introductions with
Description:
                         multiple choice answers.
Recommendation:          Recommended for mid level students.


► weather


145.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/weather.htm
                         The site contains a set of four situations related to one of the oldest
Description:             conversation subjects, the weather: sunny day, rainy day, snowy day and
                         weather forecast. There are no exercises to follow.
Recommendation:          Good and useful for lower levels.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             52



146.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/weat1/weat1.htm
                         The Friday’s weather report can be composed by multiple choice
Description:
                         answers.
Recommendation:          Good for higher level students.


► directions


147.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/dir1/dir1.htm
                         Students listen to the instructions while checking the directions on the
Description:
                         map below.
Recommendation:          Excellent even for lower level students.


148.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/dir2.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 147, but with more complex exercises.
Recommendation:          Excellent for higher level students


149.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/D-way1.htm
Description:             Two basic conversations without additional exercises.
Recommendation:          If you are a beginner, you will appreciate it.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             53



150.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/place1.htm
                         A very good exercise for locations: students listen to the conversation
Description:
                         trying to decide where it can be found.
                         The traditional multiple choice exercises of Randall, suitable for mid
Recommendation:
                         level students.


► eating


151.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/restaurants.htm
                         A site with situations around restaurants: inviting people out for dinner,
Description:             ordering food, asking a friend about food preferences, paying the bill
                         etc. Essential vocabulary.
Recommendation:          Not suitable for lower level students.


152.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice
                         http://www.focusenglish.com/cgi-bin/framed/2518/dialogues-
Link:
                         eating_index.html
Description:             The site contains expressions about food and whole dialogues.
Recommendation:          Very good.


153.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         eating_beef.html
Description:             A very short dialogue about preferences: on how somebody prefers beef.
Recommendation:          For students who like to listen without additional exercises.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             54



154.
Provider:                University of Stirling (UK)
Link:                    http://www.marlodge.supanet.com/listen/logic/logic2.html
                         A listening quiz about a lady planning the dinner menus for a week.
Description:             Students listen to the clues and try to work out what is being served
                         every day.
Recommendation:          Good exercise for mid level students.


155.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-eating_it-
Link:
                         sonme.html
                         A very short dialogue on paying with a few useful expressions on how to
Description:
                         offer to pay.
Recommendation:          Useful, but without further practice.


► telephone


156.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/phone.htm
Description:             A listening exercise to understand and practice telephone numbers.
Recommendation:          Very good for lower level students.


157.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/phone/phonerd1.htm
                         A complete, quality listening exercise, including all steps of a proper
Description:             listening lesson: pre–listening, listening and post-listening exercises
                         around the answering machine.
Recommendation:          Very good for lower level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             55



158.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/record/recrd1.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 157, related to telephone recording.
Recommendation:          Very good for lower level students.


159.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_getthru_notes.html
                         A dialogue which deals with the vocabulary related to the problem of
Description:             getting through on the phone. Vocabulary notes and further practice
                         available.
Recommendation:          Good.


160.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_busysignal.html
Description:             I kept getting a busy line. Useful lexicon with further practice.
Recommendation:          Good.


161.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (USA)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/call/911rd1.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 157, related to an emergency call.
Recommendation:          Very good for mid level students.


162.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_outoforder.html
                         Is your phone out of order? Useful lexicon with further practice
Description:
                         available.
Recommendation:          Good for lower level students.



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             56




163.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_cut.html
Description:             A short conversation on being disconnected. Further practice available
Recommendation:          Good.


164.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_badconnection.html
                         A short conversation about being bad connected, including useful
Description:
                         vocabulary and further practice.
Recommendation:          Good.


165.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (USA)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/tel1.htm
Description:             Telephone conversation quiz with multiple choice answers.
Recommendation:          Good for mid level students.


166.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         communication_leaveamessage.html
Description:             Similar to No. 160, related to leaving messages.
Recommendation:          Good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             57



167.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/telephone.htm
                         The site contains a set of five conversations focusing on the following
                         issues: getting through to the right person, not getting through to the
Description:             right person, wrong number and reserving a table by phone. There are no
                         exercises, just reading and listening, nevertheless with an useful
                         vocabulary.
Recommendation:          Most suitable for lower level students.


► travel


168.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/tour1/tour1.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 157, this time presenting a virtual tour of Kyoto, Japan.
Recommendation:          Very good for medium level students.


169.
Provider:                The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Virtual Language Centre
Link:                    http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/conversation/Travel.htm
                         The site contains five dialogues dealing with the following aspects of
Description:             travelling: going to the airport, at the check-in counter, money exchange,
                         arriving at the hotel and asking for information.
Recommendation:          Useful though with reading and listening parts only.


170.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/taxi1/taxird2.htm
                         Similar to No. 157, presenting a conversation between a taxi driver and a
Description:
                         passenger.
Recommendation:          Great for higher level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             58



171.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (USA)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/flight/flightrd1.htm
                         Similar to No. 157, presenting a conversation between a travel agent and
Description:
                         a customer about plane reservation.
Recommendation:          Great for higher level students.


► health

172.
Provider:                John Liang and Sydney Rice (NBCi) (Differs to No. 15)
                         http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/learningESL/dialogues-
Link:
                         health_runatemperature.html
Description:             A conversation about somebody coming down with a cold.
Recommendation:          Not suitable for low levels.


173.
Provider:                City University Hong-Kong, English Language Centre
Link:                    http://www.cityu.edu.hk/elc/audio/dentist/convden2.htm
                         An interactive listening quiz related to a dentist’s office. It is a gap fill
Description:
                         exercise, students click on the highlighted phrases to listen to the clues.
Recommendation:          Good.


► work

174.
Provider:                Jolene M. Morris, Grand County School District (USA)
Link:                    http://www.grand.k12.ut.us/esl/home.html
                         This website is an audio based teaching aid for Working in English. It
                         seems by all means a very good resource; there are very useful
                         conversations, especially from the point of view of vocabulary. There
Description:
                         are no actual exercises to go with the dialogues.
                         It is structured in two books containing several situations related to find
                         and keep a job.
Recommendation:          Not suitable for low level.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             59



► pastimes, leisure


175.
Provider:                Jon Fernquest
Link:                    http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Square/3472/roleplay1.html
                         Neighborhood Party. A complete lesson plan and procedure, serving as
                         a useful resource for teachers. It includes the teachers’ instructions, the
Description:
                         guests’ self-introduction, role-play cards, gossip and vocabulary sheet as
                         well as listening parts.
Recommendation:          Good.


176.
Provider:                Jon Fernquest
Link:                    http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Square/3472/roleplay1.html
Description:             An Autopsy after the Party. Similar to No. 175.
Recommendation:          For mid level students and above.


177.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/party/partrd1.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 157, about Party time.
Recommendation:          Very good indeed for mid level students.


178.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/picnic/picrd1.htm
                         Similar to No. 157, about Picnic Preparations. “Food oriented”
Description:
                         vocabulary.
Recommendation:          Very good for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             60



► shopping

179.
Provider:                Jon Fernquest
Link:                    http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Square/3472/roleplay1.html
                         Shopping Spree. Similar to No. 175, with a great amount of shopping
Description:
                         vocabulary
Recommendation:          For mid level students and above. Useful for teachers too.


180.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/shop1/shoprd1.htm
                         Similar to No. 157, about Shopping for the day, with multiple choice
Description:
                         answers.
Recommendation:          Very good for lower level students.


181.
Provider:                University of Utah – Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab (United States)
Link:                    http://www.esl-lab.com/money/moneyrd1.htm
Description:             Similar to No. 157, about Spending Money.
Recommendation:          Very good for lower level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             61



5. Poetry


182.
Provider:                BBC Online – BBC Education (United Kingdom)
                         http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/wordsandpictures/longvow/poems/fpoe
Link:
                         m.shtml
                         The BBC offers a collection of ten colourful poems with animation,
Description:
                         audio and video activities. The poems deal with long vowels.
Recommendation:          Especially suitable for English learning kids.


183.
Provider:                Stuff Media (United Kingdom)
Link:                    http://www.stuff.co.uk/animation/gbshawrm.htm
                         In this exercise students listen to an excerpt and fill in the blanks in the
                         G.B. Shaw poem Hints on Pronunciation for Foreigners. The poem is
Description:
                         about the discrepancy between spelling and pronunciation. After one
                         click the whole poem is also available.
Recommendation:          Very funny and useful for difficult words (see “Introduction”).


184.
Provider:                Stuff Media (United Kingdom)
Link:                    http://www.stuff.co.uk/animation/poem.htm
Description:             Read the whole poem of G. B. Shaw (see No. 183)
Recommendation:          Very funny and useful.


185.
Provider:                The Academy of American Poets
Link:                    http://www.poets.org/booth/booth.cfm?prmAlpha=A
                         The site includes around one hundred poems (e.g. W.H. Auden,
Description:             Ezra Pound, Sylvia Plath, etc.), which the students may read and listen at
                         the same time. Unfortunately there are no follow-up exercises.
Recommendation:          Very good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             62



186.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/pronunciation/raven.html
                         Edgar Allen Poe’s Raven (excerpt) with focus on pronunciation practice,
Description:
                         without follow-up exercises.
Recommendation:          Good.


187.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://www.eleaston.com/guthrie.html
                         Similar to No. 186, this time presenting Woodie Guthrie’s poem This
Description:
                         Land is My Land.
Recommendation:          Good.


188.
Provider:                EFL.NET
Link:                    http://www.efl.net/poetry.htm
Description:             A compilation of poems to listen to.
Recommendation:          Good.


189.
Provider:                Harper Audio on InternetTalkRadio
Link:                    http://town.hall.org/radio/HarperAudio/
Description:             Another compilation of poems.
Recommendation:          Good.


190.
Provider:                Favorite Poem Project
Link:                    http://www.favoritepoem.org./archive/index.html
                         Students can read and listen the poems and watch the reading person at
Description:
                         the same time.
Recommendation:          It is worth to try it out, especially for mid and higher level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             63


6. Interviews and Stories


191.
Provider:                Okanagan University College (Canada)
Link:                    http://www.faceweb.okanagan.bc.ca/global/
                         This page offers stories of students, interviewed in Canada, from around
Description:
                         the world, about their views of their countries.
Recommendation:          It is not exactly a listening exercise but it is fun.


192.
Provider:                Hollywood Media Corporation
Link:                    http://www.hollywood.com/pressroom/interviews/archives.html
Description:             There are interviews with celebrities for more advanced students.
Recommendation:          It sounds good for teenagers.


193.
Provider:                Century 21 Entertainment
Link:                    http://www.geocities.com/century21entertainment/lessonstable.html
                         A video presentation of the world of English language, structured in
Description:             seven lessons. The script is available so students can watch, listen and
                         read at the same time.
Recommendation:          Good.


194.
Provider:                University of Illinois
Link:                    http://deil.lang.uiuc.edu/LCRA/
                         A useful list of interactive listening comprehension exercises consisting
Description:             of four interviews from radio broadcasts, with complete lesson plans
                         (pre-listening, listening and post-listening activities).
Recommendation:          Suitable for higher levels, but extremely useful for teachers too.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             64



195.
Provider:                University of Florida
Link:                    http://grove.ufl.edu/~ktrickel/activity.html
                         A useful resource for teachers, offering full lesson procedures for
                         listening comprehension (including vocabulary study). Topics include:
Description:
                         alien abduction, death penalty, road rage, waste and recycling, human
                         cloning and Halloween activity.
Recommendation:          Good.


► tales


196.
Provider:                Candlelight Stories
Link:                    http://www.candlelightstories.com/Radio.htm
                         A wonderful site collecting tales for children, without exercises, just for
Description:             listening and dreaming. Nine trial stories are for free, all the rest is
                         available for 19,95 USD yearly.
Recommendation:          Beautiful.


197.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-07
                         An old Japanese tale about a poor couple, which adopt a very special
Description:
                         baby.
Recommendation:          Japanese accent, great for mid level.


198.
Provider:                Easton Language Education
Link:                    http://eleaston.com/pronunciation/readings.html#H
                         A collection of sound files with stories and poems, completed by their
Description:
                         texts. Most of them are focusing on pronunciation problems.
Recommendation:          Very good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                              65



199.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=010-02
                         The famous story about the little girl (Little Red Riding Hood) who
Description:
                         walks through the forest to visit her grandmother, and meets a wolf.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level.


200.
Provider:                Internet Public Library
Link:                    http://www.ipl.org/youth/StoryHour/goose/
                         A collection of funny stories, such as the Three Little Kittens, Old
Description:
                         Mother Hubbard and Little Red Riding Hood.
Recommendation:          Good for children.


201.
Provider:                Internet Public Library
Link:                    http://www.ipl.org/youth/StoryHour/molly/MOLLYbase.html
Description:             The audio version of another tale.
Recommendation:          Good for children.


202.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-09
Description:             Japanese story about a kind and an awful old man, and a little dog.
Recommendation:          With Japanese accent, good for mid level.


203.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=010-09
                         A traditional fairy tale about a rat catcher with magical powers, who
Description:             saved a town from rats and took revenge when the town refused to pay
                         him.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for higher level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             66



204.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=010-11
                         A story about a woman who craved to eat a herb, a wicked witch, a
Description:             beautiful girl with long hair locked in a tower, and of course, a
                         handsome prince.
Recommendation:          General American, great for higher level students.


205.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=010-06
                         The famous story about a woman who marries a rich man, and tries to
Description:
                         find out his secrets.
Recommendation:          General American, good for higher level students.


► daily routine


206.
Provider:                University of Florida
Link:                    http://grove.ufl.edu/~ktrickel/teslmini/btm.html
                         One of the sweetest daily routine exercises I have ever seen for
Description:             beginners. It is an interactive test with drawings and gap fill sentences
                         and a follow-up activity (but without audio practice).
Recommendation:          Very good for beginners.


207.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=002-02
                         A woman talks about her complicated schedule as a dental hygienist.
Description:
                         Comprehension check and transcript available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for lower level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             67



208.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=007-01
                         A university student tells about a typical day at college. Comprehension
Description:
                         questions and transcript available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.


209.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-12
                         A young woman talks about her daily schedule while she was studying
Description:
                         at college.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for low level students.


► family


210.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=003-01
                         Ebony Tucker tells about her family, how she gets on with other family
Description:
                         members, and how they relate to each other.
Recommendation:          General American, good for higher level students.


211.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-10
                         A woman tells about her children, and her plans to enlarge further her
Description:
                         family in the future.
Recommendation:          General American, suitable for mid level.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             68



212.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-20
                         A young American girl talks about her family. With comprehension
Description:
                         questions.
Recommendation:          American accent, good for lower level students.


213.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-02
                         A young American girl talks about the members of her family. With
Description:
                         comprehension questions.
Recommendation:          American accent, good for lower level students.


214.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-15
                         A young college student talks about her plans to have children later in
Description:
                         life. Very short text.
Recommendation:          American accent, suitable for lower level students.


► introducing oneself


215.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=013-01
                         A musician and music teacher introduces himself and tells about his
Description:
                         interests.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             69



216.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=003-09
                         A young, female college student provides a rather long, rambling self-
Description:
                         introduction.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.


217.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=002-04
                         A retired man introduces himself, and talks about his past work, and
Description:
                         what he does now. Comprehension check and transcript available.
Recommendation:          American accent, great for lower level students.


218.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=001-04
                         A Vietnamese student introduces himself. Comprehension check and
Description:
                         transcript available.
Recommendation:          Vietnamese accent. Great for lower level students.


219.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-19
                         A Croatian woman talks about herself, where she comes from, and
Description:
                         where she has lived recently.
Recommendation:          Croatian accent, suitable for lower level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             70



► likes and dislikes


220.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=003-08
                         A young student talks about the things she likes and the things she does
Description:
                         not like. Follow up activities and transcript available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for lower level students.


221.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=009-01
                         A woman talks about the things she likes and the things she does not
Description:
                         like. Comprehension questions and transcript available.
Recommendation:          General American accent. Very useful for lower level students.


222.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-05
                         A woman talks about some of the music she likes, and tries to explain
Description:
                         why she likes it. Follow up activities and transcript available.
Recommendation:          Japanese accent, great for mid level students.


223.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-07
                         A young woman talks about some of the things she likes, and some
Description:
                         things she dislikes.
Recommendation:          General American, suitable for lower level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             71


► food


224.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-13
                         A young American woman talks about the food she likes to eat on a
Description:
                         typical day. Comprehension check and transcript available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for beginners.


225.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=009-02
                         An American woman explains how to bake bread at home.
Description:
                         Comprehension questions and transcript is available.
Recommendation:          Great for lower level students.


226.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=013-17
                         The speaker introduces herself, and then talks about the cooking she
Description:
                         learned from her mother and how she passed this on to her daughters.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for low level students.


227.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=009-04
Description:             A young American woman explains why she became a vegetarian.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             72



228.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=014-04
                         A Hungarian American woman talks about Hungarian cooking, and
Description:
                         describes some of the dishes she makes.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.


229.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=005-10
Description:             A young Indian man describes the main types of Indian food.
Recommendation:          Indian accent, suitable for low level students.


► social issues, current events


230.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-06
                         A woman working in the USA talks about her idea that there is a
Description:             network of contacts among men, which disadvantages women in the
                         workplace.
Recommendation:          Japanese accent, good for mid level students.


231.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=009-05
                         A young woman explains why she is a feminist, and what she thinks
Description:
                         feminism is.
Recommendation:          General American accent, for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             73



232.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=013-05
                         The speaker gives his opinions about the scandal surrounding
Description:             President Clinton’s alleged affair with Monica Lewinski and the
                         forthcoming impeachment trial.
Recommendation:          General American, good for mid level students.


233.
Provider:                California Distance Learning Project
Link:                    http://www.otan.dni.us/cdlp/education/kxtvnews.html
                         The site uses news stories for educational purposes. Compact listening
Description:
                         lessons combined with reading and a procedure plan.
Recommendation:          Very useful resource for teachers and advanced level students.


234.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=009-08
                         A university student talks about her friends who are communists, and
Description:             how this lead to an intention to sort out her own political views.
                         Comprehension questions and transcript available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.


235.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-07
                         The speaker talks about her work for Amnesty International and the
Description:             plight of one Tibetan political prisoner. Comprehension questions and
                         transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             74



236.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-16
                         A young American woman talks about working in Ecuador for a
Description:             volunteer organisation that sends young people to work in Latin
                         America. Comprehension questions and transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for high level students.


237.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-06
                         The speaker talks about her work for a group called The Friends of
                         Tibet, which is working to help Tibetans who are suffering due to the
Description:
                         Chinese invasion of their country. Comprehension questions and
                         transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for high level students.


► lifestyles


238.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-08
                         The speaker talks about how her family moved around the USA when
Description:
                         she was a child.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.


239.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=015-11
                         The speaker talks about the things she does to help support the
Description:
                         apartment complex in which she lives.
Recommendation:          General American, useful for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             75



240.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-02
Description:             The speaker describes the people she shares a house with.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.


241.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=014-19
                         A woman talks about the animals that used to visit their summer home in
Description:
                         the Sierra Nevada Mountains.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for low level students.


242.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=013-24
                         An American woman talks about living on a houseboat, and how she
Description:
                         enjoyed it.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for low level students.


243.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-11
                         A woman talks about how she took her children to university with her,
Description:             and how that influenced them. Comprehension questions and
                         transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             76



244.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-06
                         A young American woman talks about how she enjoys the diversity in
Description:             California, with its large Mexican and Asian communities.
                         Comprehension questions and transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.


245.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=014-16
                         A woman talks about the cotton farm in Mississippi, where she was
Description:             brought up as a child; she describes the place and the way of life.
                         Comprehension questions and transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for mid level students.


246.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=001-06
                         The speaker, a Vietnamese student, explains why he chose to study
Description:
                         politics, and why at Princeton University.
Recommendation:          Vietnamese accent, suitable for mid level students.


247.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=012-17
                         A Chinese graduate student talks about her experience living and
Description:
                         studying in the US as a student.
Recommendation:          Chinese accent, suitable for high level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             77



248.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-05
                         A young woman talks about how she reacted to her new life in the
Description:             university dorm, during her freshman year at college, with some really
                         odd behaviour.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for high level students.


249.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=011-01
                         A Japanese woman talks about some incidents, which arose, due to her
Description:
                         lack of English ability.
Recommendation:          Japanese accent, suitable for high level students.


► interesting events


250.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-16
                         The speaker tells a story about leaving the window open while staying in
Description:             a small hotel in Africa. Comprehension questions and transcription
                         available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.


251.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=007-17
                         The speaker tells the story of the first time she drove her parents’ car
Description:             alone, and what happened while she was in the hairdressers.
                         Comprehension questions and transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             78



252.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=013-08
Description:             An amusing incident about Freud's interview with the Gestapo.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.


253.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=002-11
                         The speaker tells an interesting story about getting a van stuck up a steep
Description:
                         mountain road and how they nearly got into trouble with the police.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for high level students.


254.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=003-02
                         A young girl talks about her first teenage love, and how it ended
Description:
                         suddenly.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for high level students.


► foreign customs


255.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=007-13
                         The speaker talks about a trip to England and France, and how she was
Description:             surprised at the attitudes to smoking. Comprehension questions and
                         transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for high level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             79



256.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=002-19
                         The speaker relates a story he read about Australian Aborigines and how
Description:             they respond to violence, and talks about how that affected him.
                         Comprehension questions and transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for high level students.


257.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=008-10
                         A young American woman talks about a visit to Russia, and how she
Description:             was surprised at how friends were so much more physical than in the
                         USA.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for low level students.


258.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-14
Description:             The speaker talks about how villagers hunt in an African country.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for low level students.



259.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=012-03
                         A Jewish woman talks about her impressions of Israel, and how she
Description:
                         suffered from culture shock when she went there.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for high level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             80



260.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=001-02
                         The speaker explains that houses in Japan, England and America have
Description:
                         the toilet in different places.
Recommendation:          Japanese accent, suitable for low level students.


► travel


261.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=014-02
                         The speaker talks about a canal build by the ancient Romans and what
Description:
                         the Emperor Nero did about it.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for mid level students.


262.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=005-02
                         The speaker tells about an eventful, and very stressful, journey back
Description:             from Kiev to the United States. Comprehension questions and
                         transcription available.
Recommendation:          Ukrainian accent, suitable for high level students.


263.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-06
                         A young American woman talks about her three-week tour of Italy.
Description:
                         Comprehension questions and transcription available.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for high level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             81



264.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-20
                         The speaker talks about a trip to Paris and gives her impressions of the
Description:
                         city.
Recommendation:          General American accent, short, suitable for low level students.


265.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-21
                         The speaker talks about going on a run in London designed to be a tour
Description:
                         of famous places.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for low level students.


266.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=004-13
                         A young woman talks about taking a vacation to Ecuador, where she
Description:
                         married her boyfriend.
Recommendation:          General American, suitable for low level students.


267.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=014-01
                         A woman talks about the thrill of visiting the site of the ancient
Description:
                         Olympics in Greece.
Recommendation:          General American, useful for mid level students.


268.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=013-18
                         A woman describes a visit to the ancient Italian city of Pompeii, which
Description:
                         was destroyed by a volcano.
Recommendation:          General American accent, good for mid level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             82



269.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=002-17
                         The speaker talks about a trip to Hawaii and his impressions of the
Description:
                         island, where he practiced meditation at a Tibetan monastery there.
Recommendation:          General American accent, suitable for high level students.


270.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=006-08
                         The speaker tells the story of a trip to Alaska and then hitchhiking
Description:
                         around the western United States.
Recommendation:          General American accent, great for high level students.


271.
Provider:                EnglishListening.Com
Link:                    http://www.englishlistening.com/itemdtl.phtml?raid=001-09
                         A young Vietnamese man describes how a group of friends secretly
Description:
                         crossed the border, without passports, for a one-day visit to China.
Recommendation:          Vietnamese accent, suitable for high level students.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                              83


III. Speaking skills through the Internet?

Practising speaking skills through the Internet seems to be yet a “science fiction”, as it
is hardly possible to practice an acting so interactive and human than to speak to each
other. But in the age of multimedia computers (equipped with speakers, microphones
and web-cameras) smart people find the way to communicate with partners thousands of
miles far away. This kind of learning of foreign languages has not reached yet the
importance of the traditional methods, it serves more as a complementary method and
needs some financial investments, but as an alternative mean it is interesting and fun.
However, it cannot be considered as useful and effective as the grammar and
pronunciation practice.

It was difficult to find sites for practice speaking skills.

Despite of serious difficulties we have actually found some sites listed below, which are
cost-free services and which are closest to what we perceive as speaking practice.
Probably later on time it will be a more common issue and the number of sites raises.


272.
Provider:                 Swiss-Canadian English Centre
Link:                     http://www.thescec.com/aloud/home.htm
                          A free site for online conversation which needs a microphone for talking
Description:              on the Internet and the HearMe software (free download available).
                          Students have the chance to chat with teachers for 15 minutes.
Recommendation:           Worth a try.


273.
Provider:                 Interactive Drama Incorporation
Link:                     http://www.idrama.com/
                          This programme has been developed to enable doctors to talk and offer
                          counselling (mainly medical English oriented but not only). There are
                          CDs that people can buy online and offer practice. For prices and for
                          further information is it worth visiting the site.
                            “Virtual Conversation programs are new in language training.
Description:                They allow users to practice a foreign language by engaging
                            native speakers in meaningful face-to-face dialogues. Users
                            become immersed in the language as they interview the native
                            character. This powerful experiential learning method results in
                            rapid recovery of foreign language skills; and it is a highly
                            effective, natural way to sustain and enhance proficiency in
                            speaking, listening, and reading.”
Recommendation:           Worth a try.



European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             84


IV. Online radio stations

The following reference list contains the coordinates of a few online radio stations. The
majority of sites have no specific educational purpose (meaning exercises) other than
just being exposed to the language.


274.
Provider:                Radio-locator
Link:                    http://wmbr.mit.edu/stations/w-oc.html
                         A catalogue of more than 10 000 links to different online radio stations
Description:
                         all over the world, in all languages.
Recommendation:          Extremely useful.


275.
Provider:                TvRadioWorld
Link:                    http://tvradioworld.com/
                         TvRadioWorld is an Internet broadcast directory.
                             “We are an information directory dealing with the radio and
                             television broadcasting industry worldwide. Some of the features
Description:                 you will find on our site include listings to local radio stations on
                             the web, local television stations on the web, in depth listings of
                             local television broadcast stations throughout North and South
                             America, including contact information.” (The webmaster)
Recommendation:          Useful.


276.
Provider:                BBC Online
Link:                    http://www.bbc.co.uk/
Description:             Is there anybody who does not know what BBC is standing for?
Recommendation:          Very good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             85



277.
Provider:                CNN.Com
Link:                    http://www.cnn.com/
Description:             The main information resource for people living all over the world.
Recommendation:          Useful.


278.
Provider:                CNN.Com
Link:                    http://www.cnn.com/CNN/Programs/larry.king.live/
                         The talk-shows of Larry King, popular US-American entertainer, on the
Description:
                         Net. Interested students can read and listen at the same time.
Recommendation:          If you like this staff on TV, you will like it too.


279.
Provider:                National Public Radio (United States)
Link:                    http://www.npr.org/news/
                         Students can listen to news from around the world in both text and audio
Description:
                         format.
Recommendation:          Useful.


280.
Provider:                Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Link:                    http://cbc.ca/onair/
Description:             The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's radio station on Internet.
Recommendation:          Good.


281.
Provider:                Voice of America
Link:                    http://www.voa.gov/stream/stremlst.html
Description:             The broadcasts are available by region and language services.
Recommendation:          Interesting.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             86



282.
Provider:                Yahoo! Radio
Link:                    http://www.broadcast.com/radio/
Description:             The broadcasting service of the popular Internet search engine.
Recommendation:          Good.




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz
                                             87


Index
/a:/ 21                                             /o/ 21
alphabet 13, 15, 19, 25                             Online radio stations 84-86
asking the way (intonation) 47
                                                    /p/ 31
/b/ 30, 34                                          past tense endings 32
                                                    pastimes, leisure (conversation) 59
ch 30, 36, 38                                       phrasal verbs (stress) 42
compounds (stress) 41                               prefixes (stress) 43
Consonants 25-33                                    Poetry 61-62
Conversations 46, 49-62
                                                    /r/ 27, 28, 34
daily routine (story) 66                            R words 33
Diphthongs 22-24                                    Reduction 25
directions (conversation) 52-53                     reduction (stress) 42
Disappearing vowels 25                              reflexive pronouns (stress) 43
                                                    Resources on the Internet 12-18
/e/ 22                                              restaurant (intonation) 46
eating (conversation) 53-54
                                                    /s/ 30, 35, 36, 38
/f/ 27, 31, 35                                      s-endings (3rd person singular verb) 32
family (story) 67-68                                introducing oneself (story) 68-69
food (story) 71-72                                  sentence stress 44
foreign customs (story) 78-80                       sh 30, 35, 36, 38
                                                    shopping (conversation) 60
general (conversation) 49-50                        silent consonants 33
GH words 33                                         social issues, current events (story) 72-74
greetings (intonation) 46                           Speaking skills through the Internet? 83
greetings, meetings (conversation) 51-52            suffixes (stress) 44
                                                    Stories and Interviews 63-82
health (conversation) 58
homographs (stress) 42-43                           tales 64-66
Homonyms 39                                         telephone (conversation) 54-57
Homophones 39                                       telephone (intonation) 47-48
                                                    TH (voiceless) 35, 37
/i/ 19-21, 22, 23                                   TH (voiced) 35, 37
interesting events (story) 77-78                    Tongue Twisters 37, 38
Interviews and Stories 63-82                        travel (story) 80-82
Intonation 45-48                                    travel (conversation) 57-58

/j/ 31-32                                           /v/ 27, 30, 31
                                                    vowels 19-25
/l/ 27, 28, 34, 37
lifestyle (story) 74-77                             /w/ 36, 38
likes and dislikes (story) 70                       word stress 40-44
                                                    work (conversation) 58
minimal pairs 34-39                                 weather (conversation) 51-52

numbers (stress) 44                                 /z/ 27, 31-32




European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML), Graz

				
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