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					 CHESS   By Daren Dillinger
                              . . . Have fun and improve your mind!
                                           the cramped but fighting game it gives          Black's pieces, on the other hand, have
                                           Black.) 3.Nc3 c6 (He wants to challenge         little scope). 10.c3 Qc7 11.Qe2 b6
  Back in 1969, a 16 year old Ken          White's center with d4 next.) 4.Nf3             12.Bg5 (Notice how Ken slowly builds up
Rogoff had just won the U. S. Junior       (Another good solid move was 4.f4, so           his position. Before he takes any decisive
Championship for the first time. He        that when Black plays . . . d5, White passes    action he brings all his pieces out to
was to go on and win this title three      him by with e5 -- with a strong pawn            their most active post) 12. . . b5?!
times. The Boys’ Life chess columnist      formation. Another move that I suggested        (This move, besides being inconsistent -
was there at the U. S. Junior              to Ken after the game was 4.Bc4 -- in order     because we could have moved here last
Championship and was greatly               to prevent Black's d5. The disadvantage is      move, in one move! - slightly weakens
impressed by the young man’s ability.      that you leave your self open to shots on       Black's square on c4, creating a "hole" on
The columnist was Bobby Fischer,           the Q side . . . b5 etc., but there were some   that square, which could be very helpful to
                                           interesting variations. For example, after      White later on. You may notice just how
soon to be World Champion. Fischer
                                           4. Bc4 suppose Black tried . . . e6 in order    much I emphasize this business of "holes"
was so impressed that he annotated         to back up his coming d5. Then I think          or weak squares. That's because it's so
Rogoff’s last round victory for the        5.e5 is very strong for White, threatening      important. It has been correctly said that
Boys’ Life readers. Fischer knew well      Ne4, then to d6 later on. If Black plays 5 .    "Pawns are the soul of chess". It is also a
that his audience was composed of age      . . d5, Then I'd play 6. exd5 en passant.       truism that pawns cannot move backwards,
18 and under boys. Therefore he made       ...Qxd6 7.Ne4! -- a very strong move. If        and a thoughtless pawn move can ruin an
his notes understandable for players at    he checks me on b4 to try and pick off my       otherwise good position. A much better
a more basic level of chess knowledge.     bishop it will boomerang because I would        plan would have been 12 . . . Bb2 followed
The result is a master level game with     play 8.c3 Qxc4 9. Nd6ch and I'd pick off        by . . . c4 as soon as possible, hitting back
lucid notes, and clear style of play,      his queen. Also if he plays 7. . . Qxd4 I'd     at White's key center pawn.) [ If 12. . . Bb7
                                           play 8.Nd6ch and if 8... Kd7 then 9.            13.Rfe1       e6 14.Ne5, with a difficult
making it easily understood at all
                                           Qxd4 Bxd4 10. Nxf7 wins. Or if 8. . .           position for Black or 12 . . . c5 13.Qe5!
levels of playing ability.                 Ke7 9. Nxc8ch Kd7 10.Qxd4 Bxd4                  KR]      13.Bb3 a5 14.a3 Ba6
                                           11.Nf3 Bf6 12.Bf4 Kxc8 13. Ne5
                                           Nh6         14.Nxf7        Nxf7     15.Bxe6ch   15.Rfe1 (Now Ken has almost every
                                           regaining the knight with a winning             piece developed except for his QR. He's
                                           advantage of position.                          almost ready for decisive action. ) . . . e6
                                              There was another pretty little line after   16.Qe5 (Another good move here was
                                           4.Bc4 suppose Black tries . . .d5 anyway?       Qe3 or Qd2 to get out of bishop's diagonal
                                           5.exd5 b5 6.Bb3 b4 7.dxc6!! bxc3                at a6). 16 . . . Qxe5? (The losing
                                           8.Qf3 with two separate threats: 9Qxf7          move. After the game Steve Spencer
                                           mate and 9.c7 opening up on the queen and       thought the best move was . . .Nd5 and
                                           queen rook. This is a very difficult spot for   Black could still hang on. White's best
                                           Black to get out of. Probably the best          then would probable have been to play his
                                           move for Black after 4.Bc4 is d5, followed      Q back to e4 then swing the Q over to h4
                                           sooner or later by . . . b5 . . . a5.           later.) [Also to be considered after 16…
                                           Incidentally, Ken felt that Bc4 was best        Nd5 would be 17. Qxc7 Nxc7 18. a4
                                           also, but his move may be just as good, if      with a moderate advantage. CM -- if 16. . .
                                           not better). 4 . . . d5 5.h3 (Good move.        Qe7? gives White ―the pin and the win‖—
                                           Ordinarily you should avoid unprovoked          17.Qf4! and 18. Ne5 is crushing. KR].
                                           rook pawn moves because there's                 17.Nxe5 Rfc8 See diagram (The
       Ken Rogoff – Age 16                 something more important to do. In this         only way to defend the QBP, because if
                                           position, though it's justified because Bg4     Rac1 or Bb7 for Black, then 18.Bxf6!
         White: Ken Rogoff –               would have been very strong for Black,          Bxf6 19.Nd7! -- forks the rook and bishop,
         Black: Steve Spencer              pinning white's Knight and putting pressure     winning the exchange by double attack.)[
1969 U. S. Junior Championship –                             . . . dxe4
                                           on his QP indirectly.)                          In view of the threats to the QBP, there is
Game notes by Grandmaster Bobby            6.Nxe4     Nd7 7.Bc4 Ngf6                       nothing else. KR -- Perhaps better for
Fischer and Ken Rogoff [KR].                                                               Black would have been taking the loss of
                                           8.Nxf6ch Nxf6 9.0-0 0-0 (Now                    the pawn, hoping for ―technical difficulties
additional ―fill in‖ notes inserted by     White's advantage is that he has a pawn in      – that’s the Grandmaster term for ―cheapo
Computer chess program Chessmaster         the center--which means more space --           potential‖; to have some small practical
9000* [CM]                                 plus both         his bishops have good         chances for a draw. i.e. 17… Rfe8!
                                           diagonals.     And once again remember          18.Nxc6 Bb7 19. Ne5 with a good pawn-
1.e4 g6 2.d4 Bg7 (The Pirc defense,        the four important elements to keep in          up game, but not the crushing attack of the
Also called the "Rat" defense because of   mind before making any move are space,          game move. CM]
                                           force or material, time and pawn structure.
                                                                                       Chess did seem to help Ken have an
                                                                                       outlet to develop his strong mind, as he
                                                                                       graduated from Yale suma cum laude
                                                                                       in 1975, and achieved Ph.D. in
                                                                                       Economics from M.I.T. in 1980.
                                                                                       Rogoff then became a professor at
                                                                                       Princeton first, then a full tenured
                                                                                       professor at Harvard ( which is the top
                                                                                       ranked Economics department in the
                                                Bobby Fischer at the time he           world) and is currently on extended
                                                was a Boys’ Life columnist.            public service leave as chief economist
                                                                                       at the International Monetary Fund ( a
                                              After     claiming      the     Junior   U. N. family organization charged with
                                            championship title three years in a row,   maintaining global financial stability
     Position after 17. . . Rfc8            Ken went on to play first board on the     that stands at the center of the global
     White to move and win –                U. S. Team that won the World Student      financial sys-tem). In the October 14,
      What would you play?                  Championship in Haifa, Israel in 1970.     2002 edition, The Wall Street Journal
                                            In 1972 he won the New York State          devoted half a page to Ken Rogoff’s
 18.Nxf7!       (White    explodes    his   Championship. Ken did work his way         views on the global economy (page
combination). . . . Kxf7 19.Rxe6            up to a close 2nd place finish in the U.   R8).
Ne8? (If 19. . . Nd5 20.Rxc6! Rxc6 21.      S. Championship, but in the 1980s he
Bxd5ch Re6 22.Bxa8 and White comes          set chess aside to focus on career and        From the pages of Boys’ Life, to
out three pawns ahead.) [ or 19. . . Kf8    family.                                    the pages of The Wall Street
20.Bxf6, or 19. . . Ng8 20.Re7ch Kf8
21.Rf7 ch Ke8 22.Re1 ch, etc., or 19. . .                                              Journal, Ken Rogoff is a gleaming
Nh5 20.Rf6 ch Ke8 21.Re1 ch Kd8!                                                       example of what is right with
(. . . Kd7 22.Rf7 ch Kd6 23.Re6 mate.)                                                 America. We wish him the best.
22.Rc7 ch, etc . KR] 20.Rf6 check,
Black resigns 1 - 0 because 20...Ke7                                                     Remember       the   Web    site:
21.Rf7ch Kd6 22.Bf4ch Be5 23. Bxe5                                            This special
mate. After the game another young
aspirant for the title, 17 year-old Greg
                                                                                       site has chess work shops,
DeFotis, whom Ken had beaten earlier in                                                instruction and chess games online.
the tournament, had the satisfaction of                                                Check it out!
demonstrating that 20. Re1 discovered
check . . . Kf8 21.Be7 mate was quicker.                                               * = Chessmaster 9000 is the latest
End of Fischer/Rogoff notes.                                                           version of the Grandmaster strength
                                                                                       program. In October of 2002, the
                                                                                       program beat current U. S. Chess
                                                Professor Ken Rogoff today             Champion Larry Christiansen in a four
                                                       – in his 40’s                   game match 2 ½ - 1 ½.
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