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10 and 11

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					Chapter 10 and 11 Test Review

____    1. After the Mexican War, the United States gained a large amount of land as the result of a(n)
           cession
____    2. What was the belief that the United States had the right to expand to the Pacific Ocean?
           Manifest Destiny
____    3. In 1850, the U.S. Congress approved popular sovereignty, which gave territories the right to do what?
           Decide be a slave or free state
____    6. Where did Mexico say the southern border of Texas lay before the Mexican War?
           Nueces River
____    7. What important job did Major Benjamin McCulloch’s Texas Rangers perform during the Mexican War?
           gathering information for the American army
____    8. Which battle of the Mexican War was fought north of the Rio Grande?
           Palo Alto
____    9. What was a major issue for the governors of Texas until it was settled in the 1850s?
           debt
____   10. List the accomplishments of Governor Elisha Pease?
           promoting the construction of railroads
           establishing the permanent school fund
           lowering the state debt
____   11. About how large was the population of Texas in 1860?
           600,000 people
____   12. What Texas border was set by the U.S. Congress in the Compromise of 1850?
           Western border
____   13. Many people in the United States believed in manifest destiny, which was the right to do what?
           For the United State to expand to the Pacific Ocean (sea to shining sea)
____   14. What was the policy of giving people in territories the right to decide whether to allow slavery called?
           Popular Sovereignty
____   15. Which group was prevented from voting under the constitution of 1845?
           Women, African Americans, and Native Americans
____   16. What offices did Houston and Rusk hold in the first state government of Texas?
           members of the U.S. Senate
____   17. What area did both Mexico and the United States claim before the Mexican War?
           The area between the Rio Grande and the Nueces River
____   18. In the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, what did the United States give Mexico in return for large amounts
           of land in the west?
           $15 million, plus an extra $3.25 million for debt
____   19. What two issues did Elisha M. Pease focus on while governor?
           education and paying off the public debt
____   20. Which party dominated Texas politics in the 1840s and 1850s?
           Democratic Party
____   21. How did Texas use most of the money it received for giving up its claim on New Mexico?
           To pay of its debt
____   22. What did Native Americans believe about the land?
           The land belonged to the whole group, not one individual
____   23. Why did Texas set up reservations for Native Americans?
           to try to end Indian raids
____   24. What was the factor that most attracted people to come to Texas?
           Cheap land
____   25. Why did the government of Texas want the land developed?
           to make the value of land go up
____ 26. Why did more people come to Texas after it became a state?
         They felt they would be better protected from Indian raids
____ 27. What states made up the Upper South?
         Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina
____ 28. Where did a great majority of immigrants to Texas came from?
         the United States
____ 29. The immigrants from the Lower South generally started cotton plantations in what area of Texas?
         the Gulf coast.
____ 30. By 1860, African Americans made up about what percent of the population?
         30 percent
____ 31. William Peters used his empresario contract to settle the area near what present-day city?
         Dallas
____ 32. How did Johann Friedrich Ernst encourage people to move to Texas?
         He wrote letters praising Texas
____ 33. What was the largest German community in Texas?
         New Braunsfels
____ 34. How did Henri Castro help the French settlers he brought to Texas?
         He bought them tools and supplies they needed
____ 35. Some immigrants came to Texas after a failed revolution in what country?
         Poland
____ 36. Compared to the rest of the United States, how was land different in Texas?
         It was cheaper
____ 37. What happened in 1837 that led many Americans to come to Texas?
         The Panic of 1837, depression in the United States
____ 38. Why did Texas stop giving empresario contracts in 1844?
         Many Texans objected to giving away large amounts of land
____ 39. What was life like for most of the immigrants from the Upper South?
         They were poor farmers.
____ 40. List all of the states in the Lower South.
         South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas and Louisiana
____ 41. In the 1840s and 1850s, what happened to the population of African Americans in Texas?
         It rose quickly
____ 42. Whose letters helped convince Germans to come to Texas?
         Johann Friedrich Ernst
____ 43. What event happened before some Germans settled on the Fisher-Miller land grant?
         made a treaty with the Comanches there
____ 44. German settlers clashed with other Texans over what issue?
         slavery
____ 45. Why did thousands of Mexicans come to Texas in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
         A revolution in Mexico
    Short Answer

    INTERPRETING GRAPHS
    Study the time line below. Then answer the questions that follow.




46. Why did Texas have to write a new constitution in 1845?
    It needed a state constitution to join the United States.
47. What conflict were the events of 1846 and 1848 part of?
    the war with Mexico
48. What is the connection between the Compromise of 1850 and the money the legislature set aside to build
    public schools?
    The legislature used the money given to Texas in the Compromise of 1850 to fund the building of schools
49. What happened to most Native Americans who lived in Texas?
    They were forced to go to Oklahoma in 1859
50. What event caused the election of the first state government of Texas?
    Texas wrote a new state constitution
51. What two agreements affected the borders of Texas?
    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Compromise of 1850
52. How did the Compromise of 1850 affect Texas?
    It set the western borders of the state and resulted in Texas being given $10 million.
53. What events affected Native Americans?
    1854: Texas sets up Indian reservations; 1859: Indians are forced out of Texas to Oklahoma.

    ANALYZING PRIMARY SOURCES
    Read the following passage, which states the four objectives of the Adelsverein. Then answer the
    questions that follow.

        To improve the lot of the working class who are without employment, thus controlling their
        [growing poverty];

        To unite the emigrants by giving them protection through this Association in order to ease their
        burden by mutual assistance;

        To maintain contacts between Germany and the emigrants, and to develop [seagoing] trade . . .;
                 To find a market for German craft in these settlements, and to provide a market in Germany for
                 products of these colonies.

        54. How did the members of the Adelsverein think the plan would help the working people of Germany?
            It would give them jobs and help them avoid growing poverty.
        55. The second objective promises to protect the settlers. Do you think the Adelsverein could meet that
            promise? Why or why not?
            Possible answer: no, because the people of the Adelsverein were too far away and did not know anything
            about Texas
        56. What business goals are included in the objectives?
            The members of the Adelsverein wanted to carry out trade between Germany and the colonies. Goods
            produced in each place would be sold in the other.



Essay

             ANALYZING PRIMARY SOURCES
             Read the following passage, which states the four objectives of the Adelsverein. Then answer the
             questions that follow.

                 To improve the lot of the working class who are without employment, thus controlling their
                 [growing poverty];

                 To unite the emigrants by giving them protection through this Association in order to ease their
                 burden by mutual assistance;

                 To maintain contacts between Germany and the emigrants, and to develop [seagoing] trade . . .;

                 To find a market for German craft in these settlements, and to provide a market in Germany for
                 products of these colonies.

        57. How important were business concerns in the plan to bring German settlers to Texas?
            Possible answer: Business concerns were very important. The objectives included establishing trade and
            creating markets in which to sell goods produced in Germany and in the colony.
        58. Which objective suggests that Germany was going through a period of economic hard times? How do you
            know?
            the first objective, because it mentions that the working class is suffering from unemployment and
            poverty
        59. What help did the Adelsverein promise the settlers in the second objective?
            It promised to protect them, keep them united, and offer them assistance



             CRITICAL THINKING


        60. Summarizing What group had the right to vote when the state constitution of Texas was written? What
            groups did not have this right?
            The only group that could vote were adult white males over 21. Women, African Americans, and Native
            Americans could not vote.
        61. Making Generalizations How were Tejanos treated in Texas during the period of early statehood?
            Possible answer: They suffered prejudice. Some had their land taken away, even if they had helped fight
            for independence. Some fought back.
        62. Analyzing Information What was the status of women during early statehood?
     Possible answer: Women had some rights, such as the right to own property and the right to approve the
     sale of property by their husbands. They did not have the right to vote, however.
63. Identifying Cause and Effect What were the causes of the war with Mexico?
    The belief in manifest destiny led the United States to believe that it had a right to Mexico’s lands.
    Mexicans grew angry over the annexation of Texas. The border dispute in Texas set off fighting.
64. Summarizing What were relations like between Anglo Texans and Tejanos?
    Possible answer: Many Tejanos suffered prejudice. Some had their land taken away, even if they had
    helped fight for independence. Some fought back. Some were treated with honor, and some were even
    elected to public office.
65. Summarizing What actions did Texas take to give land away?
    The government gave land to anyone who wanted it, although later the law was changed to say that
    people had to live on the land for three years. Texas also began using empresario contracts again, but that
    policy ended in 1844.
66. Contrasting How did the people who emigrated to Texas from the Upper South and the Lower South
    differ?
    Emigrants from the Upper South tended to be poorer. They were farmers and did not own slaves. Those
    from the Lower South were often wealthy plantation owners who did own slaves.
67. Recognizing Points of View Why did African Americans try to escape to Mexico?
    Life as an enslaved person was harsh. Slaves had no freedom to direct their own lives. Escaping to
    Mexico was one way of gaining that freedom. Mexico was nearby and did not allow slavery. It was harder
    to recover slaves if they escaped to another country.
68. Identifying Causes and Effects What conditions caused changes in the number of Mexicans living in
    Texas from 1800 to the early 1900s?
    Because of mistreatment there, few Mexicans came to Texas in the mid-1800s. In the late 1800s and early
    1900s, revolutions in Mexico led thousands to come to Texas.
69. Recognizing Points of View Travel conditions to Texas were poor, and the work to build a new home
    there was difficult. Despite these problems, thousands of people came to Texas. Why?
    Possible answers: They came because they thought they could build better lives in Texas, where land was
    cheap and good for farming.
70. Analyzing Information Why did thousands of African Americans come to Texas? What were their lives
    like?
    They came involuntarily because they were enslaved. Their lives were difficult, often with hours of hard
    labor on cotton plantations.

				
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