DROWNING Drowning is the leading Take a minute to read over the Drowning PREVENTION cause of accidental Prevention Checklist. Have fun in your death for infants and pool or spa and don’t forget to check children under the age of that the gate is latched behind you! five in California. Young children are naturally attracted to water, and effective barriers such as fences, power safety covers, door alarm systems and door closing mechanisms can help detect and prevent unsuper- vised access to the pool or spa. Parents and pool and spa owners are urged to use a “layered” approach to safety, combining several barriers to prevent drowning and near drowning. A well-maintained fence should enclose every pool/spa and be at least 5 feet high with a self-closing, self-latching State of California The Resources Agency gate; some cities and counties have Department of Boating & Waterways passed ordinances that require these items. The pool should also have an 2000 Evergreen Street, Suite 100 alarm system, a power safety cover, and Sacramento, CA 95815-3888 doors leading to the pool or spa should be equipped with alarms and should be (888) 326-2822 self-closing and self-latching. Sliding www.dbw.ca.gov doors should be self-closing and self- latching with automatic sliding door Gray Davis, Governor closers. Check the barriers on a regular State of California basis to make sure that they are in good working order. Mary D. Nichols Most important, parents and caretakers Secretary for Resources of little ones must keep an eye on children at all times. Pool and spa owners should Raynor Tsuneyoshi, Director not develop a false sense of security Checklist for because they have pool or spa barriers. Department of Boating & Waterways swimming pools and spas Drowning Prevention Checklist The Department of Boating and Waterways offers pool/spa owners the following checklist to help prevent child drownings. Supervision s Look in the pool/spa area first if a child is missing! s Never leave a child alone near water, even for Barriers a second. s Make sure your pool, spa or hot s Don’t rely solely tub has a fence, wall or safety cover on barriers, that guards against unsupervised such as fences access, particularly by young children. and walls. There s Install exit alarms on all house s Always drain standing (surface) is no substitute for vigilant super- doors and windows leading to the water from the pool or spa cover. vision and it must be combined pool/spa area. Remember that even a couple with barriers! s Make sure doors are self-closing, inches of water can be hazardous, s Keep toys, tricycles, and other especially to young children. self-latching and are never propped children’s playthings out of the open. Latches should be placed on water and away from the pool or the pool side, out of reach of young spa. Move tables, chairs, planters children and kept in proper work- Emergency Procedures and other potential climbing aids ing order. s Learn how to administer lifesaving away from the fence. s Make sure the safety cover is techniques to children, including s Clear vegetation and other obstacles cardiopulmonary resuscitation always closed when the pool or away from the fence to assure a clear (CPR). spa is not in use. Completely view of the pool/spa from the house. remove cover before children s Keep reaching and throwing aids, s Don’t consider your children to be are allowed in the pool or spa. such as poles and life preservers, “drown-proof” because you en- on both sides of the pool. rolled them in water-proofing (an infant training class) or swimming s Install a phone, or keep a cordless classes. A child who falls into phone, in the pool or spa area. water unexpectedly may panic and s Post the emergency medical ser- forget learned swimming skills. vices phone number (9-1-1) in an s Don’t rely on inflatable devices to easy-to-see place near the pool or keep your child afloat. These are spa, and make sure that everyone not substitutes for adult supervision. knows the numbers and how to All non-swimmers should wear dial the numbers. U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jackets when they are near water.