Key TermsConcepts - The Atlantic Slave Trade by udm19795

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									                                      AP World History
                                 Bentley, Ch. 26 (pp. 706-719)

                      Key Terms/Concepts – The Atlantic Slave Trade

Foundations of the Slave Trade
   -   Describe the prevalence of slavery in Africa before the arrival the Europeans.
           o What were the sources of slaves?
   -   How did slavery in sub-Saharan Africa differ from slavery in Europe and Asia?
           o How was this linked to concepts of private property and wealth?
   -   Describe the involvement of Muslim merchants in the slave trade.
   -   How did the slave trade in Africa change and expand with the arrival of the Europeans?


Human Cargoes
   -   Who were the first Europeans involved in the slave trade?
           o Where did they sell the slaves they acquired?
   -   Portuguese sugar plantations off coast of West Africa
   -   First transport from Kongo and Angola to Brazil (1530s)
   -   Why did the Spanish need imported labor for its Caribbean and Central/South American
       conquests?
           o First African slaves to Caribbean (1518), Mexico (1520s), North America (early
             1600s)
   -   “Triangular Trade” – what was exchanged and by whom?
   -   “Middle Passage”


The Impact of the Slave Trade in Africa
   -   When was the high point of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?
   -   Describe the effects of the slave trade on the balance of power between different African
       rulers/kingdoms.
           o Which kingdoms suffered and which ones profited most?
                      Influence of firearms
   -   What was the overall demographic effect of interaction with the Americas on the African
       population?
           o From slavery?
                      Male/female ratios
           o From the “Columbian exchange” of crops?
The African Diaspora
Plantation Societies
   -   What form of labor did most African slaves perform in the New World?
   -   What cash crops were most lucrative?
   -   Describe the distribution of slaves among the major destinations of the Americas.
           o Why was there a constant demand for new slaves in the Caribbean and South
             America?
           o In terms of demographics, how did slave importation to North America compare
             to the Caribbean and Brazil?
   -   Describe the forms of resistance practiced by slaves against their owners.
           o Maroons
           o Saint-Domingue (Haiti)


The Making of African-American Cultural Traditions
   -   How would you characterize the language and religion practiced in the New World by
       slaves?
           o Voodoo
           o Syncretic
   -   Describe the effect of African foodstuffs on the diet and music of the Americas.


The End of the Slave Trade and the Abolition of Slavery
   -   Why did the American and French Revolutions stimulate abolitionist sentiment?
           o Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797)
   -   What were the main arguments against slavery?
           o Moral
           o Political
           o Economic
                       Describe the effect in the late 18th century of prices for sugar and slaves on
                       the profitability of slavery.
                       What eventually replaced slavery?
   -   Abolition of Slave Trade Timeline (but not abolition of slavery!):
           o Great Britain (1807)
           o United States (1808)
           o France (1814)
       o Netherlands (Dutch) (1817)
       o Spain (1845)
-   Abolition of Slavery Timeline:
       o British colonies (1833)
       o French colonies (1848)
       o USA (1865)
       o Cuba (1886)
       o Brazil (1888)
       o Saudi Arabia and Angola (1960s)
-   Why do you think that slavery ended the latest in the US, Cuba and Brazil?

								
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