AP World History Bentley, Ch. 26 (pp. 706-719) Key Terms/Concepts – The Atlantic Slave Trade Foundations of the Slave Trade - Describe the prevalence of slavery in Africa before the arrival the Europeans. o What were the sources of slaves? - How did slavery in sub-Saharan Africa differ from slavery in Europe and Asia? o How was this linked to concepts of private property and wealth? - Describe the involvement of Muslim merchants in the slave trade. - How did the slave trade in Africa change and expand with the arrival of the Europeans? Human Cargoes - Who were the first Europeans involved in the slave trade? o Where did they sell the slaves they acquired? - Portuguese sugar plantations off coast of West Africa - First transport from Kongo and Angola to Brazil (1530s) - Why did the Spanish need imported labor for its Caribbean and Central/South American conquests? o First African slaves to Caribbean (1518), Mexico (1520s), North America (early 1600s) - “Triangular Trade” – what was exchanged and by whom? - “Middle Passage” The Impact of the Slave Trade in Africa - When was the high point of the trans-Atlantic slave trade? - Describe the effects of the slave trade on the balance of power between different African rulers/kingdoms. o Which kingdoms suffered and which ones profited most? Influence of firearms - What was the overall demographic effect of interaction with the Americas on the African population? o From slavery? Male/female ratios o From the “Columbian exchange” of crops? The African Diaspora Plantation Societies - What form of labor did most African slaves perform in the New World? - What cash crops were most lucrative? - Describe the distribution of slaves among the major destinations of the Americas. o Why was there a constant demand for new slaves in the Caribbean and South America? o In terms of demographics, how did slave importation to North America compare to the Caribbean and Brazil? - Describe the forms of resistance practiced by slaves against their owners. o Maroons o Saint-Domingue (Haiti) The Making of African-American Cultural Traditions - How would you characterize the language and religion practiced in the New World by slaves? o Voodoo o Syncretic - Describe the effect of African foodstuffs on the diet and music of the Americas. The End of the Slave Trade and the Abolition of Slavery - Why did the American and French Revolutions stimulate abolitionist sentiment? o Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797) - What were the main arguments against slavery? o Moral o Political o Economic Describe the effect in the late 18th century of prices for sugar and slaves on the profitability of slavery. What eventually replaced slavery? - Abolition of Slave Trade Timeline (but not abolition of slavery!): o Great Britain (1807) o United States (1808) o France (1814) o Netherlands (Dutch) (1817) o Spain (1845) - Abolition of Slavery Timeline: o British colonies (1833) o French colonies (1848) o USA (1865) o Cuba (1886) o Brazil (1888) o Saudi Arabia and Angola (1960s) - Why do you think that slavery ended the latest in the US, Cuba and Brazil?
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