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					                                               Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                          Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                            April 2007




                                 Appendix A




                 Kent County Council


                       Risk Assessment
                             For

                      (Insert School Name)

                          School Pool

                          (Insert Date)




Kent County Council                                                                                 1
                                                                                                              Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                                         Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                                           April 2007
                                                             MODEL RISK ASSESSMENT

ESTABLISHMENT                  SUBJECT OF ASSESSMENT*            ASSESSOR(S)               DATE
                                 School Swimming

Source of Hazard                   Persons      Control measures in place              High    Medium        Low      Further action required, by whom,
                                   Affected &                                          Risk    Risk          Risk     timescale or reference to other
                                   Number                                                                             assessments plus information

Pool Design                                        Competent & trained staff.                                        NB. Lifesavers will need to move around the
i.e. Blind spots, glare                            Qualification renewed every 2                                     poolside to avoid glare, and be able to see the
                                                    years.                                                            pool bottom.
                                                   Ongoing staff training.
                                                   Lifeguard positions defined in
                                                    NOP and actions to take in
                                                    the event of glare.
Pool Surround                                      Non slip floor surfaces.                                          NB. If the pool surround is slippery, non-slip
                                                   Effective cleaning schedules                                      matting is available that can be laid over the
                                                    & inspections.                                                    existing tiles.
                                                   Checked on a daily basis by
                                                    caretaker.
                                                   The poolside should be
                                                    washed down every night to
                                                    clear any residual chlorine
                                                    from the tiles to ensure the
                                                    longevity of the pool surround.
Insufficient lighting                              Regular maintenance
                                                    program in operation.
                                                   If the bottom of the pool
                                                    cannot be seen then no-one
                                                    is allowed to swim.
Environment                                        Air handling systems in place.                                    NB That change in weather will result a change
i.e. humidity / temperature                        Humidity and temperature                                          in the environment of an indoor pool as well as
                                                    checks taken on daily basis.                                      outdoor pool.
                                                   Suitable and sufficient lighting




         Kent County Council                                                                                                                                       3
                                                                                        Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                   Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                     April 2007
Pool inlets and Outlets          Inlets and outlets of the pool                                   NB. Check size of apertures for existing pools,
                                  circulation system should                                        they should not exceed 8mm (BS EN: 13451
                                  have suitable covers to                                          (HSE managing health and safety in swimming
                                  prevent limbs and fingers                                        pools)).
                                  getting trapped.
                                 Undue suction should not be
                                  created which could result in
                                  a body being held against a
                                  grille.
                                 There should be no exposed
                                  sharp edges.
Pool Access ladders              Regular inspections of the
                                  steps to ensure that there are
                                  no sharp edges or damaged
                                  steps.
                                 Inspections are recorded.


Disabled access                  Poolside hoist in operation.                                   NB Where moving or handling operations are in
                                 Regular service and                                            place please complete the relevant manual
                                  maintenance by reputable                                       handling risk assessment.
                                  contractor.
                                 Staff trained in operation.                                    Staff training may also be required.
Unauthorised access              Pool secures when not in use.                                  NB. Pool covers should be used during holidays
                                 Fencing is in good condition                                   and winter.
                                  and locks are fit for purpose.
                                 Caretaker checks pool area
                                  as part of opening and closing
                                  procedures.
                                 NOP and EAP in operation.




        Kent County Council                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                         Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                    Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                       April 2007
Water Quality                    Competent / trained staff.                                        NB. For additional information on pool water
                                 Effective water quality control                                   treatment please acquire the Swimming Pool
                                  in place.                                                         Water Treatment and Quality standards produce
                                 Pool water tests including                                        by the Pool Water Treatment Advisory Group
                                  chemical levels, clarity and                                      (PTWAG).
                                  temperature are performed
                                  every? hours.                                                 NB. Manual dosing systems tested every 2
                                 Planned Preventative                                          hours. Automated systems to minimum of 3
                                  Maintenance schedule in                                       times a day.
                                  place.
                                 Reactive maintenance
                                  schedule is ongoing.
                                 Specialist contractors brought
                                  in for regular service of pool
                                  water treatment plant and
                                  equipment. NOP and EAP in
                                  place.
Deep Water / Shallow Water       Competent & trained staff.                                    NB Where changing rooms lead directly on to
supervision                       If water depth exceeds 1.2m                                  poolside (especially to deep water) it is
                                  the National Pool Lifeguard                                   recommended that there is a physical barrier to
                                  Qualification is required.                                    stop children from gaining unauthorised access
                                 Water depth signs around the                                  to the pool i.e. balustrading.
                                  pool.
                                 Shallow area segregated
                                  where necessary from deep
                                  water by use of lane rope /
                                  boom.
                                 See additional guidance
                                  regarding supervision
                                  competencies on Clusterweb.
Diving / Jumping                 The minimum depth of water                                    NB. Where diving platforms are in use they
                                  where shallow diving should                                   should meet the FINA regulations.
                                  be allowed is 1.5m.
                                 Clear warning signs should be
                                  visible around the pool to
                                  advise swimmers of water




        Kent County Council                                                                                                                  5
                                                                                              Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                         Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                           April 2007
                                       depth, safe diving areas and
                                       general diving rules.
                                      NOP and EAP in operation.
Level and Quality of Supervision      Competent / trained staff.                                     NB. Please see KCC heath and safety policy for
for programmed sessions               Induction & ongoing staff                                      swimming and water safety
i.e. Risk of drowning                  training.
                                      Staffing ratios in accordance
                                       with ASA and Managing H&S
                                       in swimming pools guidance.
                                      Defined in the Normal Pool
                                       operating (NOP) procedure.
                                      Emergency action plan (EAP)
                                       in place.
Level and Quality of Supervision      For unprogrammed swimming                                      NB. Please see managing safety in swimming
for unprogrammed sessions              staffs are to be trained to the                                pools for a table regarding bather loads
i.e. Risk of drowning                  National Pool Lifeguard                                        dependant on the size of the pool (table 2 page
                                       qualification (NPLQ).                                          63).
                                      Bather loads are imposed as
                                       per managing safety in
                                       swimming pools and not
                                       exceeded.
                                      Induction & ongoing staff
                                       training. Staffing ratios in
                                       Managing H&S in swimming
                                       pools.
                                      Normal Pool operating (NOP)
                                       procedure and Emergency
                                       action plan (EAP) in place.
                                      Refer to KCC heath and
                                       safety policy for swimming
                                       and water safety section 5.
Swimmers with Special needs           For participants who require                                   NB. An individual risk assessment should be
                                       specialist help or prefer                                      undertaken for each individual to ensure that
                                       segregation a range of                                         safety measure and are in place and risks are
                                       provision may be both                                          controlled.
                                       possible and preferable.




        Kent County Council                                                                                                                        6
                                                                                          Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                     Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                       April 2007
                                   Their participation may be
                                    fully integrated, integrated
                                    and supported or a specialist
                                    disabled session.
                                   These specific needs can be
                                    determined through direct
                                    consultation with the
                                    individual or parent, their
                                    swimming background and
                                    observation on how the
                                    disability affects their
                                    swimming style.
Swimmers with known medical        Written parental consent must                                 NB. Pupils with epilepsy require careful
needs                               be obtained before pupils can                                 observation, as shimmering water or flickering
                                    take part.                                                    lights may trigger a seizure.
                                   Pupils must be supervised
                                    carefully and by a responsible
                                    adult. This may require
                                    additional staff to aid in
                                    supervision.
Missing Children                   A register / headcount should                                 NB. This is a higher risk if you are swimming off
                                    be recorded prior to and after                                site.
                                    the swimming session to
                                    ensure all children are                                       Some may wish to perform a headcount during
                                    accounted for.                                                the swimming sessions.
                                   Implementing the “buddy”
                                    system is also recommended.

CRB Checks / child protection      All teachers have enhanced
                                    CRB checks.
                                   Any coaches or teachers
                                    being employed from outside
                                    of the school should be
                                    subject to the CRB checks
                                    before commencing work.
                                   Volunteers that help out
                                    swimming session’s maybe




        Kent County Council                                                                                                                    7
                                                                                         Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                    Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                      April 2007
                                  required by the school to have
                                  a CRB check.
First aid Provision              Adequate levels of trained                                     NB. Only staff that has received training in the
                                  first aiders on site.                                          correct use of a face shield should use it.
                                 When administering first aid
                                  staffs where possible to wear
                                  PPE.
                              
                                                      st
                                   A fully stocked 1 aid kit is
                                   easily accessible.
                                 Face shields should be
                                  available on request from staff
                                  for resuscitation.
                                 Communication network in
                                  place.
                                 NOP and EAP in operation.
Rescue Equipment                 Suitable and sufficient rescue                                 NB. Spinal board may be required where staff
                                  equipment.                                                     have received the National Pool Lifeguard
                                 This includes Throw bag,                                       Qualification due to the depth and/or nature of
                                  reach pole, torpedo buoy,                                      the pool.
                                  face shield, first aid kit,
                                  blankets etc.
                                 Staffs are trained and
                                  competent in its use.
Pool Equipment                   Woggles, floats and other                                      NB. It is worth noting that to prolong the life of
                                  equipment should be in a                                       perishable items i.e. floats, a periodic cleaning of
                                  good condition.                                                equipment with fresh water is good practise.
                                 Equipment needs to be
                                  checked prior to lessons.
                                  Children misusing equipment
                                  to be disciplined accordingly.
                                 The equipment should be
                                  stored in a safe and dry
                                  location.
Pool Covers                      Minimum of 2 person                                            NB. It is all suggested that laced non-slip
(covering the pool)               operation.                                                     training shoes be worn for this task.
                                 Ensure the pool cover is




        Kent County Council                                                                                                                    8
                                                                                           Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                      Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                        April 2007
                                    pulled tight allowing no water                                    Safe working practise should be introduced and
                                    to get on top to reduce the                                       manual handling assessment undertaken.
                                    chance of it sinking and
                                    ensure it covers the whole
                                    pool.
Pool Covers                        Minimum 2 person operation.                                    NB. It is all suggested that laced non-slip
(Removing the cover)               Slowly pull the cover off and                                  training shoes be worn for this task.
                                    whilst doing so, fold in a
                                    concertina fashion.                                            Safe working practise should be introduced and
                                   Push all air out of fold, wipe                                 manual handling assessment undertaken.
                                    down and dry as far as
                                    possible.
                                    When the cover has been
                                     removed, roll it up and move
                                     to storage area immediately.
Goggles / Masks                    These should not be worn                                       NB. Flippers, snorkels etc. are not allowed in the
                                    unless in exceptional                                          majority of pools unless being used by a
                                    circumstances.                                                 swimming club.
                                    Any goggles used should be
                                     made of unbreakable plastic
                                     or rubber.
                                   Pupils should be taught to
                                    remove them by slipping them
                                    off their head, rather than by
                                    stretching the retaining band.
Changing facilities                Each school will need to                                       NB. Where possible the temperature should be
                                    assess the risk for the own                                    maintained at 24c and have 10 air changes per
                                    sites with regards to the                                      hour (discuss).
                                    following: - showers and other
                                    washing facilities, seating,
                                    floors, equipment i.e.
                                    hairdryers and toilets.
                                   Separate changing facilities
                                    for girls and boys.
                                     Disabled changing facilities.
Hygiene                            Pupils should be encouraged                                    NB. The Institute of Sport and Recreation




          Kent County Council                                                                                                                    9
                                                                                            Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                                                       Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                                                         April 2007
                                      to perform the recommended                                       Management have posters that can be
                                      hygiene procedures before                                        purchased regarding pool hygiene.
                                      entering the water.
Clubs / private hire / lettings      Hirers must provide minimum                                   NB. Please refer to Invicta manual for letting
                                      of £5million cover for public                                 information.
                                      liability.
                                     Must produce a risk                                           Normal NPLQ does not include recovering
                                      assessment of activities being                                casualties with breathing apparatus i.e. scuba
                                      undertaken.                                                   divers.
                                     Must provide adequate
                                                      st
                                      lifeguard and 1 aid cover.
                                     Must sign contract of letting.
                                     School to provide the hirer
                                      with copies of NOP and EAP.
                                     Site manager to ensure that
                                      water quality is maintained to
                                      good standards.
                                     Hirers must adhere to
                                      instructions form the school.
                                     Any specialist equipment i.e.
                                      scuba diving needs to be risk
                                      assessed and lifeguards have
                                      appropriate qualification to
                                      perform rescue.
                                     Coaches taking sessions
                                      must provide evidence of
                                      qualifications.
                                     Supervision ratios for
                                      programmed and
                                      unprogrammed sessions
                                      apply to private lettings.


Review Date ……………………………………………………….




         Kent County Council                                                                                                                    10
                                                         Kent County Council Schools Health and Safety Handbook
                                    Section 9.10 Safe Practice in School Swimming: Appendix A – Risk Assessment
                                                                                                      April 2007
Signed by ………………………………………………………….


Job Title ……………………………………………………………




    Kent County Council                                                                                      11

				
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