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Amateur Radio Technician Class E

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Amateur Radio Technician Class E Powered By Docstoc
					Technician Licensing Class
           “T1”




       Presented by the
      Plano Texas Stake
         Plano, Texas

         January 6, 2007
                Amateur Radio Technician Class
                 Element 2 Course Presentation


 ELEMENT 2 SUB-ELEMENTS

  •   T1   -   FCC Rules, station license responsibilities
  •   T2   -   Control operator duties
  •   T3   -   Operating practices
  •   T4   -   Radio and electronic fundamentals
  •   T5   -   Station setup and operation
  •   T6   -   Communications modes and methods
  •   T7   -   Special operations
  •   T8   -   Emergency and Public Service Communications
  •   T9   -   Radio waves, propagation, and antennas
  •   T0   -   Electrical and RF Safety

                                                             2
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities          T1A




 Basis and purpose of the Amateur Radio Service
  • An Amateur Radio Station is a station in an Amateur
    Radio Service consisting of the apparatus necessary for
    carrying on radio communications.
  • An amateur operator as defined in Part 97 is a person
    named in an amateur operator/primary license grant in the
    FCC ULS database.
  • One of the basic purposes of the Amateur Radio Service
    as defined in Part 97 is to provide a voluntary
    noncommercial communications service to the public,
    particularly in times of emergency.
  • Two of the five fundamental purposes for the Amateur
    Radio Service are to increase the number of trained
    radio operators and electronics experts, and improve
    international goodwill.                                 3
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities        T1A




 Penalties for unlicensed operation, other
  penalties

   • The Federal Communications Commission makes
     and enforces the rules for the Amateur Radio Service
     in the United States.

   • Harmful interference is a transmission that disturbs
     other communications.




                                                        4
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities                   T1A




 Examinations
   • The classes of US amateur radio licenses that may currently be
     earned by examination are Technician, General, and Amateur
     Extra.

   • A Volunteer Examiner (VE) is an amateur accredited by one or
     more Volunteer Examiner Coordinators (VECs) who volunteers to
     administer amateur license exams.

   • Three Volunteer Examiners holding a General Class license or
     higher are required to administer an Element 2 Technician written
     exam

   • A Certificate of Successful Completion of Examination
     (CSCE) is valid for license upgrade purposes for 365 days.



                                                                   5
Volunteer Examiner
• Each administering VE must:
   • Be accredited by the coordinating VEC
   • Be at least 18 years of age
   • Be a person who holds an amateur operator license of the
     class specified below:
      • Amateur Extra, Advanced or General Class in order to
        administer a Technician Class operator license examination
      • Amateur Extra or Advanced Class in order to administer a
        General Class operator license examination
      • Amateur Extra Class in order to administer an Amateur Extra
        Class operator license examination
      • Must be present and observing the examinee throughout the
        entire examination


                                                                  6
Official documents
• VE Badges & FCC License(s)




                               7
CSCE




       8
VEC offices of W5YI   (K5GTP Tracy)




                                      9
Actual input to FCC from VEC




                               10
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities       T1B




 ITU regions


   • The purpose of ITU Regions is to assist in the
     management of frequency allocations.

   • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

   • U.S. is in Region 2

                                                      11
International Telegraph Union
        (ITU) Regions




                                12
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities        T1B




 International regulations



   • You are allowed to operate your amateur station in a
     foreign country when there is a reciprocal operating
     agreement between the countries.




                                                        13
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities       T1B



 US call sign structure

   • The FCC uses a system, called the Sequential
     Call Sign System, where call signs are assigned
     in sequential order to select new amateur radio
     call signs.

   • An amateur radio club would obtain a club station
     call sign by applying through a Club Station Call
     Sign Administrator.

       Minimum of four members are required for a club


                                                      14
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities                T1B




    US call sign structure        (cont)


   • The letters, A, K, N and W, must be used for the first letter
     in US amateur call signs.
        Calls are issued in a sequential manner, not random

   • A single digit, 0 through 9 number is used in US amateur
     call signs.
       Numbers are assigned by district of applicant

   • KB3TMJ is a valid US amateur callsign.


                                                                15
Call sign by state exam taken




                                16
Call Signs (cont.)

     FCC Region number
       • 1 - ME, NH, VT, MA, CT, RI
       • 2 - NY, NJ
       • 3 - PA, MD, DE
       • 4 - VA, KY, NC, TN, SC, GA, Al, FL
       • 5 - AR, LA, OK, TX, NM
       • 6 - CA
       • 7 - WA, MT, ID, OR, UT, NV, AZ
       • 8 - MI, OH, WV
       • 9 - WI, IL, IN
                                              17
Call Signs (cont.)
  • FCC Region number (cont.)
     •   0 - ND, SD, MN, IA, NE, MO, KS, CO
     •   11- AK (*L7)
     •   12 - Caribbean (*P4)
     •   13 - Hawaii and Pacific Islands (*H6)


  • Suffix
     • Alphabetically sequential


• Based on where living at time of issuance
• Not Automatically changed but can be requested
                                                 18
State           Abr.   Capital          District   State            Abr.   Capital          District

Alabama         AL     Montgomery          4       Montana          MT     Helena                      7

Alaska          AK     Juneau            KL7       Nebraska         NE     Lincoln                     0

Arizona         AZ     Phoenix             7       Nevada           NV     Carson City                 7

Arkansas        AR     Little Rock         5       New Hampshire    NH     Concord                     1

California      CA     Sacramento          6       New Jersey       NJ     Trenton                     2

Colorado        CO     Denver              0       New Mexico       NM     Santa Fe                    5

Connecticut     CT     Hartford            1       New York         NY     Albany                      2

Delaware        DE     Dover               3       North Carolina   NC     Raleigh                     4

Florida         FL     Tallahassee         4       North Dakota     ND     Bismarck                    0

Georgia         GA     Atlanta             4       Ohio             OH     Columbus                    8

Hawaii          HI     Honolulu          KH6       Oklahoma         OK     Oklahoma City               5

Idaho           ID     Boise               7       Oregon           OR     Salem                       7

Illinois        IL     Springfield         9       Pennsylvania     PA     Harrisburg                  3

Indiana         IN     Indianapolis        9       Rhode Island     RI     Providence                  1

Iowa            IA     Des Moines          0       South Carolina   SC     Columbia                    4

Kansas          KS     Topeka              0       South Dakota     SD     Pierre                      0

Kentucky        KY     Frankfort           4       Tennessee        TN     Nashville                   4

Louisiana       LA     Baton Rouge         5       Texas            TX     Austin                      5

Maine           ME     Augusta             1       Utah             UT     Salt Lake City              7

Maryland        MD     Annapolis           3       Vermont          VT     Montpelier                  1

Massachusetts   MA     Boston              1       Virginia         VA     Richmond                    4

Michigan        MI     Lansing             8       Washington       WA     Olympia                     7

Minnesota       MN     St. Paul            0       West Virginia    WV     Charleston                  8

Mississippi     MS     Jackson             5       Wisconsin        WI     Madison                     9

Missouri        MO     Jefferson City      0       Wyoming          WY     Cheyenne                    7




                                                                                                           19
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities                 T1B




 Special event calls

   • Any FCC-licensed amateur is eligible to apply for temporary
     use of a 1-by-1 format Special Event call sign.

   • Special Event call sign has the same ID requirements as
     your own call sign. You must also ID with your call sign
     once an hour.




                                                                20
Technician Frequencies
• 6 meters - 50 to 54 MHz
• 2 meters - 144 to 148 MHz
• 1.25 meters - 222 to 225 MHz
    219 to 220 MHz secondary use only for point to point digital message
     forwarding.

• 70 centimeters* - 420 to 450 MHz
    no 430 to 430 MHz north of line A (south of Canada.)

• 33 centimeters* - 902 to 928 MHz
• 23 centimeters* - 1240 to 1300 MHz
• Other higher frequencies*
    Can not interfere when we are a secondary user.


 Hams may be a secondary user or have geographic/power limits.             21
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities               T1B




 Vanity call signs

   • You would use the vanity call sign program to obtain a call
     sign containing your initials.

   • Renewal of vanity call signs can be done on the Internet.
     There is a fee for the vanity call.




                                                                 22
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities             T1C




 Authorized frequencies (Technician), operation
  near band edges

   • The frequency, 52.525 MHz, is within the 6-meter band.
   • You are using the 2 meter band when you are transmitting
     on 146.52 MHz.
   • If you are operating on 223.50 MHz then you are operating
     on the 1.25 meter amateur band.
   • The 70-centimeter frequency, 443.350 MHz, is
     authorized to a Technician class license holder operating in
     ITU Region 2.
   • The 23 centimeter frequency, 1296 MHz, is authorized to
     a Technician class license holder operating in ITU Region 2.
                                                             23
The 2-meter amateur
band is in the VHF or Very
High Frequency range.
The 70-centimeter amateur band is in the
UHF or Ultra High Frequency range.
Frequency allocations

 50 - 150 MHz

• 50.000 - 54.000 Amateur (6-meter)
• 54.000 - 72.000 Broadcast TV chs 2-4 (6 MHz steps - FMw)
  72.000 - 76.000 (various)
• 76.000 - 88.000 Broadcast TV chs 5-6 (6 MHz steps - FMw)
  88.000 - 108.000 FM Broadcast (200 kHz steps - FMw)
  108.000 - 118.000 Aero - navigation
• 118.000 - 136.000 Aero - communications (25 kHz steps - AM)
  136.000 - 138.000 Satellite
• 138.000 - 144.000 US Government
• 144.000 - 148.000 Amateur (2-meter)
• 148.000 - 150.800 US Government

                                                          26
Frequency allocations (cont)

 162 - 450 MHz
• 162.025 - 174.000 (various, mainly US Government) 174.000 -
  216.000 Broadcast TV chs 7-13 (6 MHz steps - FMw)
• 216.000 - 218.000 Maritime - AMTS, coast (25 kHz steps)
• 218.000 - 219.000 IVDS - Interactive Video & Data
• 219.000 - 220.000 Maritime - AMTS, ship (25 kHz steps)
  220.000 - 221.000 (Private land Mobile) - base ( 5 kHz steps)
  221.000 - 222.000 (Private land Mobile) - mobile( " " " )
  222.000 - 225.000 Amateur (1.25-meter)
• 225.000 - 400.000 US Government - Aero (AM)
• 400.000 - 406.000 US Govt - Meteorological / Space
• 406.000 - 420.000 US Government
• 420.000 -450.000 Amateur(70cm)/military/radar/radiolocation

                                                           27
Frequency allocations (cont)
 896 - 1300 MHz:
• 896.000 - 901.000 SMR/Business/Industry - mobile (12.5 kHz
  steps)
• 901.000 - 902.000 Personal Communications Services
• 902.000 - 928.000 Amateur (33cm) / various secondary
• 928.000 - 929.000 ()
• 929.000 - 930.000 paging
• 930.000 - 931.000 Personal Communications Services - base
  931.000 - 935.000 ()
• 935.000 - 940.000 SMR/Business/Industry - base (12.5 kHz
  steps)
• 940.000 - 941.000 Personal Communications Services - base
  941.000 - 960.000 ()
• 960.000 -1215.000 Aeronautical navigation 1215.000 -
  1240.000 US Govt - Radiolocation / Space
• 1240.000 -1300.000 Amateur (23cm)
                                                          28
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities               T1C




 Reciprocal licensing

   • You must be named in the FCC amateur license database,
     or be an alien with reciprocal operating authorization before
     you can control an amateur station in the US.

   • A US amateur license allows you to transmit from wherever
     the Amateur Radio Service is regulated by the FCC or where
     reciprocal agreements are in place.

   • A US amateur operator may communicate with an amateur
     in a foreign country at any time unless prohibited by either
     government.


                                                               29
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities               T1C




 Spectrum sharing

   • When authorized by the FCC, amateur stations are allowed
     to communicate with stations operating in other radio
     services.

   • Communications on a regular basis that could reasonably
     be furnished alternatively through other radio services are
     not permitted in the Amateur Radio Service.

   • When an amateur frequency band is said to be available on
     a secondary basis, amateurs may not cause harmful
     interference to primary users according to the FCC rules.
                                                              30
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities                T1D




 The station license

   • The government agency that grants your amateur radio
     license is the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

   • The FCC issues operator/station licenses in the Amateur
     Radio Service.

   • Anyone except a representative of a foreign government
     can become an amateur licensee in the US.




                                                               31
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities            T1D



The station license (cont)


   • You may transmit after passing the required
     examination elements for your first amateur radio
     license and as soon as your license grant appears in
     the FCC's ULS database.
   • Your responsibility as a station licensee is to ensure
     your station is operated in accordance with the FCC
     rules.
   • There is no minimum age requirement to hold an
                                                            32
     amateur license.
No minimum age for an Amateur Radio License




                                              33
FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities                        T1D




 Correct name and address on file

   • The FCC requires the station licensee mailing address to be kept
     up to date on the Universal Licensing System (ULS) database.

   • An Amateur radio operator must have a correct name and mailing
     address on file with the FCC to receive mail delivery from the
     FCC by the United States Postal Service.

   • The FCC may revoke or suspend a license if the mailing address
     of the holder is not current with the FCC. If mail is returned to the
     FCC as undeliverable this could be a cause.

                                                                       34
 FCC SUSPENDS HAM LICENSES FOR FAILURE TO
 MAINTAIN MAILING ADDRESS (it can happen)


• The FCC has suspended two Amateur Radio licenses because the
  holders had failed to maintain correct mailing addresses in the
  Commission's licensee database.
• Special Counsel in the FCC Spectrum Enforcement
  Division Riley Hollingsworth wrote Larry L. Smith,
  KC7LJR, of Middleton, Idaho, and Larry J.
  Maniag, KD7JTG, of Payson, Arizona, on June 28,
  2006 to inform them the FCC was suspending their
  Technician tickets for the remainder of their license terms or
  until each licensee provides a valid mailing address.
• http://www.arrl.org/news/stories/2006/07/18/100/

                                                                35
 FCC Rules and Station Licensee Responsibilities          T1D



 License term, renewals, grace period

  • The normal term for an amateur station license grant is
    10 years.

  • You are not permitted to continue to transmit if you
    forget to renew your amateur license and it expires.
    Transmitting is not allowed until the license is renewed
    and appears on the FCC ULS database.

  • The grace period during which the FCC will renew an
    expired 10-year license without re-examination is 2
    years.                                              36
Take aways

• Amateur Radio Station…carries on radio
  communications with necessary apparatus.

• Amateur Operator … person named in FCC ULS
  database

• Basic purposes … voluntary noncommercial
  service, particularly during emergencies

• Two of Five … increase numbers of trained
  operators and improve international goodwill   37
Take aways (cont)

• FCC makes and enforces rules

• Harmful interference disturbs other
  communications

• Ten years … two year grace period. Renew on
  line /no cost. (unless a vanity call)

• ITU Regions assist management of frequency
  allocations … U.S. in Region 2                38
Take aways (cont)

• Reciprocal operating agreement allows operation in
  foreign countries

• FCC uses Sequential Call Sign System

• Four members for a club station … obtained by applying
  through Club Station Call Sign Administrator



                                                       39
Take aways (cont)

• 52.525 MHz … 6-meter band
• 146.52 MHz … 2-meter band
• 223.50 MHz … 1.25-meter band
• 443.350 MHz … 70-centimeter
• 1296 MHz … 23-centimeter

• Notice that as the frequency goes up, the wavelength goes down


• (Sorry, you need to memorize these frequencies)
                                                              40
Take aways (cont)

• Control an amateur station … name in FCC database
  or be an alien with reciprocal agreement to operate
  in U.S.

• U.S. license allows transmissions … FCC regulated or
  reciprocal agreements

• U.S. amateurs communicate with foreign countries
  unless prohibited by either governments

• With authorization by FCC … communications with
  other radio services may be permitted           41
Take aways (cont)

• Communications on regular basis furnished by other
  radio services are not permitted

• Amateur bands as secondary basis my not cause harmful
  interference to primary users by rules

• FCC grants amateur radio license

• FCC issues operator/station licenses in the Amateur
  Radio Service

                                                        42
Take aways (cont)

• Anyone except a representative of a foreign government
  can become an amateur licensee in the U.S.

• No age requirements

• Transmissions after passing the required exam and as
  soon as your license grant appears in the FCC ULS
  database

• Responsibility as a station licensee: ensure your station is
  operated in accordance with the FCC rules

                                                           43
Take aways (cont)
• Station licensee mailing address must be current, correct name
  and address, revocation of license possible if returned as
  undeliverable

• Letters: A K N W … Numbers: 0 thru 9; assigned by district of
  applicant

• Any amateur can apply for temporary 1 by 1 Special Event call
  sign, use normal ID requirements plus your call sign once an
  hour

• Vanity call signs thru vanity call sign program … renewal on
  Internet, fee required

• Technician, General, Extra
                                                                 44
Take aways (cont)

• VE is volunteer examiner … VEC Volunteer examiner
  coordinator

• CSCE … valid for 365 days

• Normal term for license of 10 years

• Transmitting is not permitted if license not valid …
  renewed and appears on the FCC ULS database

• Grace period is 2 years with re-examination … no
  transmitting permitted during this time frame
                                                         45
Element 2 Technician Class
     Question Pool

               T1


       Valid July 1, 2006
           Through
        June 30, 2010
T1A01    Who is an amateur operator
         as defined in Part 97?

  A. A person named in an amateur
     operator/primary license grant in the FCC ULS
     database
  B. A person who has passed a written license
     examination
  C. The person named on the FCC Form 605
     Application
  D. A person holding a Restricted Operating
     Permit


                                                     47
T1A02    What is one of the basic purposes
         of the Amateur Radio Service
         as defined in Part 97?

  A. To support teaching of amateur radio classes in
     schools
  B. To provide a voluntary noncommercial
     communications service to the public,
     particularly in times of emergency
  C. To provide free message service to the public
  D. To allow the public to communicate with other
     radio services



                                                       48
T1A03     What classes of US amateur radio
          licenses may currently be earned
          by examination?


  A.    Novice, Technician, General, Advanced
  B.    Technician, General, Advanced
  C.    Technician, General, Extra
  D.    Technician, Tech Plus, General




                                                49
T1A04 Who is a Volunteer Examiner?

A. A certified instructor who volunteers to examine
   amateur teaching manuals
B. An FCC employee who accredits volunteers to
   administer amateur license exams
C. An amateur accredited by one or more VECs who
   volunteers to administer amateur license exams
D. Any person who volunteers to examine amateur
   station equipment

                                               50
T1A05     How long is a CSCE valid for license
          upgrade purposes?



  A.    365 days
  B.    Until the current license expires
  C.    Indefinitely
  D.    Until two years following the
        expiration of the current license



                                                 51
T1A06   How many and what class of Volunteer
        Examiners are required to administer an
        Element 2 Technician written exam?


  A. Three Examiners holding any class of
     license
  B. Two Examiners holding any class of
     license
  C. Three Examiners holding a Technician
     Class license
  D. Three Examiners holding a General
     Class license or higher

                                            52
T1A07    Who makes and enforces the rules
         for the Amateur Radio Service in the
         United States?


A.   The Congress of the United States
B.   The Federal Communications Commission
C.   The Volunteer Examiner Coordinators
D.   The Federal Bureau of Investigation




                                                53
T1A08    What are two of the five fundamental
         purposes for the Amateur Radio Service?


 A. To protect historical radio data, and help the
    public understand radio history
 B. To aid foreign countries in improving radio
    communications and encourage visits from
    foreign hams
 C. To modernize radio electronic design theory
    and improve schematic drawings
 D. To increase the number of trained radio
    operators and electronics experts, and improve
    international goodwill

                                                     54
 T1A09 What is the definition of an
            amateur radio station?

A. A station in a public radio service used for radio
   communications
B. A station using radio communications for a
   commercial purpose
C. A station using equipment for training new
   broadcast operators and technicians
D. A station in an Amateur Radio Service
   consisting of the apparatus necessary for
   carrying on radio communications
                                                  55
T1A10    What is a transmission called that
         disturbs other communications?


   A.   Interrupted CW
   B.   Harmful interference
   C.   Transponder signals
   D.   Unidentified transmissions




                                          56
T1B01 What is the ITU?


A.   The International Telecommunications Utility
B.   The International Telephone Union
C.   The International Telecommunication Union
D.   The International Technology Union




                                                    57
 T1B02 What is the purpose of ITU
            Regions?

A. They are used to assist in the management of
   frequency allocations
B. They are useful when operating maritime mobile
C. They are used in call sign assignments
D. They must be used after your call sign to indicate
   your location




                                                 58
T1B03     What system does the FCC use to
          select new amateur radio call signs?



A.   Call signs are assigned in random order
B.   The applicant is allowed to pick a call sign
C.   Call signs are assigned in sequential order
D.   Volunteer Examiners choose an unassigned
     call sign



                                                    59
T1B04    What FCC call sign program might
         you use to obtain a call sign
         containing your initials?


 A.   The vanity call sign program
 B.   The sequential call sign program
 C.   The special event call sign program
 D.   There is no FCC provision for
      choosing a your call sign


                                        60
T1B05    How might an amateur radio club
         obtain a club station call sign?

A. By applying directly to the FCC in
   Gettysburg, PA
B. By applying through a Club Station Call
   Sign Administrator
C. By submitting a FCC Form 605 to the FCC
   in Washington, DC
D. By notifying a VE team using NCVEC
   Form 605
                                        61
T1B06      Who is eligible to apply for
           temporary use of a 1-by-1 format
           Special Event call sign?


A.   Only Amateur Extra class amateurs
B.   Only military stations
C.   Any FCC-licensed amateur
D.   Only trustees of amateur radio club
     stations


                                           62
T1B07   When are you allowed to operate your
        amateur station in a foreign country?


A. When there is a reciprocal operating
   agreement between the countries
B. When there is a mutual agreement
   allowing third party communications
C. When authorization permits amateur
   communications in a foreign language
D. When you are communicating with non-
   licensed individuals in another country
                                                63
T1B08   Which of the following call signs is
        a valid US amateur call?



   A.   UZ4FWD
   B.   KBL7766
   C.   KB3TMJ
   D.   VE3TWJ




                                          64
T1B09   What letters must be used for the
        first letter in US amateur call signs?


   A.   K, N, U and W
   B.   A, K, N and W
   C.   A, B, C and D
   D.   A, N, V and W




                                            65
T1B10    What numbers are used in US
            amateur call signs?


 A.   Any two-digit number, 10 through 99
 B.   Any two-digit number, 22 through 45
 C.   A single digit, 1 though 9
 D.   A single digit, 0 through 9




                                            66
T1C01 What is required before you can
          control an amateur station in the US?

A. You must hold an FCC restricted operator's
   permit for a licensed radio station
B. You must submit an FCC Form 605 with a
   license examination fee
C. You must be named in the FCC amateur license
   database, or be an alien with reciprocal
   operating authorization
D. The FCC must issue you a Certificate of
   Successful Completion of Amateur Training
                                              67
T1C02 Where does a US amateur license
         allow you to transmit?


 A. From anywhere in the world
 B. From wherever the Amateur Radio
    Service is regulated by the FCC or where
    reciprocal agreements are in place
 C. From a country that shares a third party
    agreement with the US
 D. Only from the mailing address printed on
    your license
                                         68
T1C03    Under what conditions are amateur
         stations allowed to communicate with
         stations operating in other radio services?

A. When other radio services make contact
   with amateur stations
B. When authorized by the FCC
C. When communicating with stations in the
   Family Radio Service
D. When commercial broadcast stations are
   off the air

                                                69
T1C04 Which frequency is within the
      6-meter band?


    A.   49.00 MHz
    B.   52.525 MHz
    C.   28.50 MHz
    D.   222.15 MHz




                                      70
T1C05    Which amateur band are you
         using when transmitting on
         146.52 MHz?


        A.   2 meter band
        B.   20 meter band
        C.   14 meter band
        D.   6 meter band




                                      71
T1C06        Which 70-centimeter frequency is
             authorized to a Technician class
             license holder operating in ITU Region 2?


        A.   455.350    MHz
        B.   146.520    MHz
        C.   443.350    MHz
        D.   222.520    MHz




                                                  72
T1C07    Which 23 centimeter frequency is
         authorized to a Technician class license
         holder operating in ITU Region 2?


        A.   2315 MHz
        B.   1296 MHz
        C.   3390 MHz
        D.   146.52 MHz



                                               73
T1C08 What amateur band are you using
          if you are operating on 223.50 MHz?



    A.   15 meter band
    B.   10 meter band
    C.   2 meter band
    D.   1.25 meter band



                                          74
T1C09 What do the FCC rules mean when
         an amateur frequency band is said
         to be available on a secondary basis?
 A. Secondary users of a frequency have
    equal rights to operate
 B. Amateurs are only allowed to use the
    frequency at night
 C. Amateurs may not cause harmful
    interference to primary users
 D. Secondary users are not allowed on
    amateur bands
                                           75
T1C10 When may a US amateur operator
          communicate with an amateur
          in a foreign country?

A. Only when a third-party agreement exists
   between the US and the foreign country
B. At any time except between 146.52 and 146.58
   MHz
C. Only when a foreign amateur uses English
D. At any time unless prohibited by either
   government


                                              76
T1C11 Which of the following types of
           communications are not permitted
           in the Amateur Radio Service?
A. Brief transmissions to make adjustments to the
   station
B. Brief transmissions to establish two-way
   communications with other stations
C. Transmissions to assist persons learning or
   improving proficiency in CW
D. Communications on a regular basis that could
   reasonably be furnished alternatively through
   other radio services
                                                77
T1D01 Which of the following services are
          issued an operator station license
          by the FCC?

    A.   Family Radio Service
    B.   Amateur Radio Service
    C.   General Radiotelephone Service
    D.   The Citizens Radio Service




                                           78
T1D02 Who can become an amateur
      licensee in the US?

A. Anyone except a representative of a
   foreign government
B. Only a citizen of the United States
C. Anyone except an employee of the US
   government
D. Anyone


                                    79
T1D03 What is the minimum age required
          to hold an amateur license?

A.   14 years or older
B.   18 years or older
C.   70 years or younger
D.   There is no minimum age
     requirement




                                        80
T1D04 What government agency grants
          your amateur radio license?

A.   The Department of Defense
B.   The Bureau of Public Communications
C.   The Department of Commerce
D.   The Federal Communications
     Commission




                                        81
T1D05   How soon may you transmit after passing
        the required examination elements for your
        first amateur radio license?

 A. Immediately
 B. 30 days after the test date
 C. As soon as your license grant appears
    in the FCC's ULS database
 D. As soon as you receive your license in
    the mail from the FCC


                                              82
T1D06 What is the normal term for an
           amateur station license grant?

A.   5 years
B.   7 years
C.   10 years
D.   For the lifetime of the licensee




                                            83
T1D07    What is the grace period during which the
         FCC will renew an expired 10-year license
         without re-examination?


   A.   2 years
   B.   5 years
   C.   10 years
   D.   There is no grace period




                                               84
T1D08 What is your responsibility as a
         station licensee?

A. You must allow another amateur to
   operate your station upon request
B. You must be present whenever the station
   is operated
C. You must notify the FCC if another
   amateur acts as the control operator
D. Your station must be operated in
   accordance with the FCC rules
                                         85
T1D09    When may the FCC revoke or suspend
         a license if the mailing address of the
         holder is not current with the FCC?

A. If mail is returned to the FCC as
   undeliverable
B. When the licensee transmits without
   having updated the address
C. When the licensee operates portable at a
   different address
D. If the address is not updated within the 2
   year grace period
                                               86
T1D10    The FCC requires which address to be
         kept up to date on the Universal
         Licensing System database?

A. The station location address
B. The station licensee mailing address
C. The station location address and mailing
   address
D. The station transmitting location address




                                            87
T1D11    When are you permitted to continue
         to transmit if you forget to renew your
         amateur license and it expires?

A. Transmitting is not allowed until the
   license is renewed and appears on the
   FCC ULS database
B. When you identify using the suffix EXP
C. When you notify the FCC you intend to
   renew within 90 days
D. Transmitting is allowed any time during
   the 2-year grace period
                                                   88
T1D12    Why must an Amateur radio operator
         have a correct name and mailing
         address on file with the FCC?

A. To receive mail delivery from the FCC by
   the United States Postal Service
B. So the FCC Field office can contact the
   licensee
C. It isn't required when you haven't
   operated your station in a year
D. So the FCC can locate your transmitting
   location
                                              89