BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS Invisible by decree

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									BLOODBORNE
   PATHOGENS

     Invisible Transaction;
        Visible Results.
Bloodborne Diseases

 What is it?

 Bloodborne pathogens are
 microorganisms such as viruses or
 bacteria that are carried in blood and
 can cause diseases in humans.
Bloodborne Diseases

 2 kinds of serious threats addressed
 by OSHA in the work place.

 Hepatitis B (HBV)

 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Hepatitis B (HBV)

 It means inflammation of the liver.
 Transmitted by “blood to blood”
 contact.
 Approx. 300,000 each year are
 infected.
 Very few are fatal.
 Currently no known cure.
Hepatitis B (HBV) Cont.

 However most who have been
 infected will develop antibodies to
 help in preventing further exposure.
 But will not prevent from infection of
 another type.
 Dried blood can live up to 7 DAYS!
 Concern is top priority action.
HBV Symptoms

 Mild flu like.
 Sense of exhaustion, fatigue.
 Possible stomach pain.
 Loss of appetite.
 Feeling nauseated.
HBV Life span

 After exposure it can take up to 1-9
 months before symptoms become
 noticeable.
 Jaundice – yellowing of skin and
 eyes.
 Darkened urine.
 Sometimes some signs can occur as
 early as 2 weeks.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(HIV)
 AIDS / Acquired Immune Deficiency
 Syndrome.
 Virus attacks the body's white blood
 cells, thus shutting the body's immune
 system down in a way that it can no
 longer defend itself from infection.
 NO CURE
 Always fatal in time.
HIV - AIDS

 Approx. 35,000 people a year are
 infected just in the US.
 Since 1975, just over 2 million people
 have died.
AIDS 3 Stages / Symptoms

 1st Stage
 No visible signs.
 When a person is actually infected,
 but no signs are visible.
 2nd Stage
 Begin to have swollen lymph glands.
 Begins to be susseptical to more
 colds and other ailments.
AIDS Symptoms cont.

 3rd Stage
 The body begins to shut down.
 The body’s immune system can no
 longer defend itself against common
 illnesses.
 Eventual death.
AIDS Symptoms cont.

 Actual signs and or symptoms vary.
 Weight loss.
 Fever.
 Nausea.
 Headaches.
 Diarrhea.
 A white coating on tongue.
Modes of Transmission

 Semen.
 Vaginal secretions.
 Cerebrospinal fluid.
 Synovial fluid.
 Pleural fluid.
 Peritoneal. fluid.
 Amniotic fluid.
Modes of Transmission cont.

 Saliva ( denture procedures)
 Any body fluid that is visibly
 contaminated with blood.
Exposure to HBV & HIV

 Seek medical attention if you are in
 doubt!
HBV & HIV are transmitted
commonly by: (workplace)
 Contact by broken or damaged skin
 and infected body fluids.
 Contact by mucus membranes and
 infected body fluids.
Infections occur by:

 Open sores.
 Cuts, Abrasions, Scratches.
 Acne.
 Any sort of damaged or broken skin
 such as sunburns and blisters.
Infections occur by: cont.

 Mucus membranes by:
 Eyes.
 Nose.
 Mouth.
Workplace protection.

 Universal precautions:

 “TREAT IT AS IS!”
Workplace protection cont. Bus

 PPE
 Personal Protective Equipment.
 Always Wear Gloves
Rules to follow

 Always wear protective gear.
 If torn or defective replace
 immediately.
 Remove gear before leaving area.
 Always wash hands before and after
 exposure to incident.
Decontamination & Sterilization
Workplace - Bus
 Use at least a quarter cup of bleach to
 one gallon of water.
 You can use Lysol or some other EPA
 approved product.
Emergency Procedures

 1. If exposed to, wash the area
 thoroughly with soap and water.
 2. If blood is splashed in eye or other
 mucous membrane , flush the
 affected area with running water for
 at least 15 minutes.
 3 Always document and report to your
 supervisor as soon as possible.
Emergency Procedures cont.

 3. Fill out an exposure report form.
 4. You can go to the county health
 department for testing and
 vaccinations.
Bloodborne Pathogens Quiz

 1. If you are exposed to potentially
 infectious on the job, you may request
 a vaccine for which bloodborne
 disease?
 C
 Which of the following could contain
 Bloodborne Pathogen?
 D
3. If you wear gloves when cleaning
up an incident site, it is not necessary
to wash our hands afterwards.
B
4. Bloodborne Pathogens may enter
your system through:
E
5. You should always treat all body
fluids as if they are infectious and
avoid direct skin contact with them.
A
6. You should never eat, drink, or
smoke in a laboratory or other area
where there may be potential
exposure to Bloodborne pathogens.
A
7. If you have blood or potentially
infectious materials splashed into
your eye, you should flush your eye
with clean, running water for:
D
8. Uncontaminated sharps may be
disposed of in regular trash bags.
B
9. A quarter cup of household bleach
to one gallon of water provides a
strong enough solution to effectively
decontaminate most surfaces, tools
and equipment if left for ten minutes.
A
10. Needles should never be
recapped.
A
THANK YOU


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