TEXAS - DOC by lifemate

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									                                 TEXAS
                            LAND OF CONTRASTS
                   Alignment to Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills
                                         and
       Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills for Language Arts & Social Studies
                   FOR THE FOURTH AND SEVENTH GRADES
(Note: Texas Education Agency plans to implement a social studies assessment in the fifth grade.)
Social Skills and specific areas of social studies prepare students to master the TAKS tests in the
eighth grade and at the EXIT level. Every activity prepares students to master the annual Texas
Assessment of Knowledge and Skills for reading required for every third through eighth graders
and for the writing assessment for fourth and seventh graders.

                                         DEPTH/COMPLEXITY

Within the TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS (TEKS) and the TEXAS STATE
PLAN FOR THE EDUCATION OF THE GIFTED/TALENTED STUDENTS, there are continual
references to modifying the curriculum with depth and complexity. The Texas Carnegie Project has
utilized the research and work of Dr. Sandra Kaplan at the University of Southern California to identify
concrete strategies that can be infused kindergarten through twelfth grade. These strategies change
questioning, utilize thinking and problem-solving, and organize information and planning for teachers and
students alike.

The dimensions of depth/complexity allow all teachers the opportunity to define, implement, and evaluate
their differentiation of instruction and to plan learning experiences that provide activities suited to the
content and learners’ needs.

Depth includes a set of eight elements that help facilitate learning within a discipline at differing levels of
sophistication.
    Language of the discipline – specialized vocabulary, skills and tasks particular to people working
        within the discipline
    Details – parts, attributes, factors, elements, variables
    Patterns – repetition, predictability
    Trends – influence, force, direction, course of action
    Unanswered questions – discrepancies, missing parts, unclear ideas, incomplete ideas
    Rules – structure, order, hierarchy, explanation
    Ethics – points of view, different opinions, judging
    Big ideas – generalizations, theory, principles, overarching ideas

Complexity is the set of three elements that help facilitate learning content or subject matter by focusing
on the relationship between various disciplines, analyzing how disciplines have changed overtime, and
examining various issues from a variety of perspectives.


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         Overtime – relationship between past, present, future, or within a time period
         Multiple perspectives – opposing viewpoints, differing roles and knowledge, different
          perspectives
         Interdisciplinary relationships – within the discipline, between/across disciplines

Depth/complexity is interrelated and mutually reinforcing. Often teachers will create possible activities
in planning a unit to be more in depth and complex for a variety of learners.

Teaching Texas Essential Knowledge & Skills Objectives (TEKS) prepares students to master the
Texas Assessment of Knowledge & Skills (TAKS) for Reading in Grades 3 – 8, for Writing in
Grades 4 and 7, Science in Grades 5 and 8, and Social Studies in Grade 8. (Note: Texas Education
Agency plans to implement a social studies assessment in the fifth grade.) The Texas Assessment of
Knowledge & Skills is administered for grades 9-EXIT.

Social Studies – Grade 4 – students examine the history of Texas from the early beginnings to the
present within the context of influences of the Western Hemisphere. Historical content focuses on
Texas history including the Texas Revolution, establishment of the Republic of Texas, and
subsequent annexation to the United States. Students discuss important issues, events, and
individuals of the 19th and 20th centuries. Students conduct a thorough study of regions and
features. A focus on the location, distribution, and patterns of economic activities and of settlement
in Texas further enhances the concept of regions. Students identify the contributions of people of
various racial, ethnic, and religious groups to Texas and describe the impact of science and
technology on life in the state.

Social Studies - Grade 7 – students study the history of Texas from early times to the present.
Content is presented with more depth and breadth than in Grade 4. Students examine the full scope
of Texas history, including the cultures of Native Americans living in Texas prior to European
exploration and the eras of mission-building, colonization, revolution, republic, and statehood.
Students use primary and secondary sources to examine the diverse cultural background of Texas
as they identify the different racial and ethnic groups that settled in Texas to build a republic and
then a state.

                          Activity #1 – Texas Big, Texas Proud! Page 4
 th
8 Grade Social           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.6) Geography. The student uses
Studies TAKS             geographic tools to collect, analyze, and interpret data, (A) apply
Objective 2:             geographic tools, including grid systems, legends, symbols, scales, and
The student will         compass roses, to construct and interpret maps. (4.22) Social Studies
demonstrate an           skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use
understanding of         information acquired from a variety of sources including electronic
geographic               technology. (B) analyze information by sequencing, categorizing,
influences on            identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting,
historical issues and    finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations and
events.                  predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions; (C) organize and
8th Grade Social         interpret information in outlines, reports, databases, and visuals including
Studies TAKS             graphs, charts, timelines, and maps; (F) use appropriate mathematical
Objective 5: The         skills to interpret social studies information such as maps and graphs.


                                                      2
student will use         (4.23) Social Studies skills. The student communicates in written, oral,
critical thinking        and visual forms. (B) incorporate main and supporting ideas in verbal and
skills to analyze        written communication; (4.24) Social Studies Skills. The student uses
social studies           problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and
information.             with others, in a variety of settings. (B) use a decision-making process to
                         identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, identify
                         options, predict consequences, and take action to implement a decision.
8th Grade Social         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.9) Geography. The student under-
Studies TAKS             stands the location and characteristics of places and regions of Texas.
Objective 2:             (A) locate places and regions of importance in Texas during the 19th and
The student will         20th centuries; (7.21) Social Studies skills. The student applies critical-
demonstrate an           thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of
understanding of         sources including electronic technology. (A) differentiate between,
geographic               locate, and use primary and secondary sources such as computer
influences on            software, databases, media and news services, biographies, interviews,
historical issues and    and artifacts to acquire information about Texas; (C) ) organize and
events.                  interpret information in outlines, reports, databases, and visuals including
                         graphs, charts, timelines, and maps; (H) use appropriate mathematical
                         skills to interpret social studies information such as maps and graphs.
8th Grade Social         (7.22) Social Studies Skills. The student communicates in written, oral,
Studies TAKS             and visual forms. (B) use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure,
Objective 5: The         and punctuation; (D) create written, oral, and visual presentations of
student will use         social studies information. (7.23) Social Studies Skills. The student uses
critical thinking        problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and
skills to analyze        with others, in a variety of settings. (B) use a decision-making process to
social studies           identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, identify
information.             options, predict consequences, and take action to implement a decision
Grades 3-8 TAKS          Language Arts TEKS (4.10) (7.10) Reading/comprehension. The
Objective 4: The         student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies. (L)
student will apply       represent text information in different ways such as in outline, timeline,
critical thinking        or graphic organizer (4-8). (4.13)(7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
skills to analyze        student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (B) use
culturally diverse       text organizers, including headings, graphic features, and tables of
written texts.           contents, to locate and organize information (4-8); (D) interpret and use
TAKS Writing at          graphic sources of information such as maps, graphs, timelines or tables
Grades 4 and 7:          to address research questions (4-8); (E) summarize and organize
Objective 1: The         information from multiple sources by taking notes, outlining ideas, or
student will, within a   making charts (4-8); (G) draw conclusions from information gathered
given context,           from various sources (3-8).
produce an effective     Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
composition for a        writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
specific purpose.        (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
                         including journals, letters…

                           Activity #2 – Distance and Difference Page 5
8th Grade Social         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.6) Geography. The student uses


                                                      3
Studies TAKS            geographic tools to collect, analyze, and interpret data, (A) apply
Objective 2:            geographic tools…. (B) translate geographic data into a variety of
The student will        formats such as raw data to graphs and maps. (4.7) Geography. The
demonstrate an          student understands the concept of regions. (B) describe a variety of
understanding of        regions in Texas such as landform, climate, and vegetation regions that
geographic              result from physical characteristics. (4.22) Social Studies skills. The
influences on           student applies critical-thinking skills to… (A) differentiate between,
historical issues and   locate, and use primary and secondary sources such as computer
events.                 software, interviews, biographies; oral, print, and visual material; and
                        artifacts to acquire information about the United States and Texas; (B)
                        analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-and-
8th Grade Social        effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea,
Studies TAKS            summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing
Objective 5: The        inferences and conclusions; (C) organize and interpret information in
student will use        outlines, reports, databases, and visuals including graphs, charts,
critical thinking       timelines, and maps; (4.23) Social Studies skills. The student
skills to analyze       communicates in written, oral, and visual forms. (D) create written and
social studies          visual material such as journal entries, reports, graphic organizers,
information.            outlines, and bibliographies; and (E) use standard grammar, spelling,
                        sentence structure, and punctuation. (4.24) Social Studies Skills. The
                        student uses problem-solving and decision-making skills, working
                        independently and with others, in a variety of settings. (B) use a decision-
                        making process to identify a situation that requires a decision, gather
                        information, identify options, predict consequences, and take action to
                        implement a decision.
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.9) Geography. The student
Studies TAKS            understands the location and characteristics of places and regions of
Objective 2:            Texas. (A) locate places and regions of importance in Texas during the
The student will        19th and 20th centuries; (B) compare places and regions of Texas in terms
demonstrate an          of physical and human characteristics; and (C) analyze the effects of
understanding of        physical and human factors such as climate, weather, landforms,
geographic              irrigation, transportation, and communication on major events in Texas.
influences on           (7.10) Geography. The student understands the effects of the interaction
historical issues and   between humans and the environment in Texas during the 19th and 20th
events.                 centuries. (A) identify ways in which Texans have adapted to and
(Depth &                modified the environment and analyze the consequences of the
Complexity –            modifications; and (B) explain ways in which geographic factors have
Past/Present/Future)    affected the political, economic, and social development of Texas. (7.21)
8th Grade Social        Social Studies skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to
Studies TAKS            organize and use information acquired from a variety of sources
Objective 5: The        including electronic technology. (A) differentiate between, locate, and
student will use        use primary and secondary sources such as computer software, databases,
critical thinking       media and news services, biographies, interviews, and artifacts to acquire
skills to analyze       information about Texas; (B) analyze information by sequencing,
social studies          categorizing, identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing,
information.            contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations



                                                     4
                        and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions; (C) ) organize
                        and interpret information in outlines, reports, databases, and visuals
                        including graphs, charts, timelines, and maps; (7.22) Social Studies
                        Skills. The student communicates in written, oral, and visual forms. (B)
                        use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure, and punctuation; (C)
                        transfer information from one medium to another, including written to
                        visual; and (D) create written, oral, and visual presentations of social
                        studies information. (7.23) Social Studies Skills. The student uses
                        problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and
                        with others, in a variety of settings. (B) use a decision-making process to
                        identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, identify
                        options, predict consequences, and take action to implement a decision
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.8)(7.8) Reading/variety of texts. The student
Objective 1: The        reads widely for different purposes in varied sources. (B) select varied
student will            sources such as nonfiction…newspapers…for information; (4.23)(7.23)
demonstrate a basic     Viewing/ representing/analysis. The student analyzes and critiques the
understanding of        significance of visual images, messages, and meanings. (B) interpret
culturally diverse      important events and ideas gathered from maps, charts, graphics… (4-8).
written texts.

                         Activity #3 – The Great Natural Wealth Page 6
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.14) Economics. The student
Objective 3: The        under-stands how Texas, the United States, and other parts of the world
student will            are economically interdependent. (B) identify oil and gas, agricultural,
demonstrate an          and technological products of Texas that are purchased to meet needs in
understanding of        the United States and around the world. (4.21) Science, technology, and
economic and social     society. The student understands the impact of science and technology
influences on           on life in Texas. (C) predict how future scientific discoveries and
historical issues and   technological innovations might affect life in Texas. Social Studies
events.                 Skills (4.22)(B)(C) **description in Activity 2. (4.23)(D)(E)
                        **description in Activity 2. (4.24)(A) use a problem-solving process to
                        identify a problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider
                        advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and
                        evaluate the effectiveness of the solution; and (B)** description in
                        Activity 2
 8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.6) History. The student
Objective 3: The        understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of
student will            Texas from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century. (A)
demonstrate an          identify significant individuals, events and issuers from Reconstruction
understanding of        through the beginning of the 20th century, …including the effect of the
economic and social     Spindletop; and (7.7)(A) define the impact of “boom and bust” and trace
influences on           the boom-and-bust cycle of leading Texas industries throughout the 20th
historical issues and   century, including…oil and gas…(7.13) Economics. The student
events.                 understands the interdependence of the Texas economy with the United
                        States and the world. (C) analyze the impact of significant industries in
                        Texas such as oil and gas…on local, national, and international markets.


                                                     5
8th Grade Social       (7.20) Science, technology, and society. The student understands the
Studies TAKS           impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the
Objective 5: The       political, economic, and social development of Texas. (C) analyze the
student will use       effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations such
critical thinking      as…oil and gas…on the developments of Texas. (D) evaluate the effects
skills to analyze      of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the use of
social studies         resources such as fossil fuels… (E) analyze how scientific discoveries
information.           and technological innovations have resulted in an interdependence among
                       Texas, the United States, and the world, and (F) make predictions about
                       economic, social, and environmental consequences that may result from
                       future scientific discoveries and technological innovations. 7.21 Social
                       Studies skills. (A)(B) (C) ** see description in Activity 2; 7.22 Social
                       Studies skills (B) (C) **see description in Activity 2. 7.23 Social
                       Studies skills (B) **see description in Activity 2.
Grades 3-8 TAKS        Language Arts TEKS (4.10) (7.10) Reading/comprehension. The
Objective 2: Apply     student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies. (H) draw
knowledge of           inferences such as conclusions or generalizations and support them with
literary elements to   text evidence and experience. (4-8) TEKS (4.11) (7.11)
understand culturally Reading/literary response. The student expresses and supports
different texts.       responses to various types of texts. (D) connect, compare and contrast
TAKS Writing at        ideas, themes and issues across text (4-8)
Grades 4 and 7:
Objective 1: The       Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
student will, within a writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
given context,         (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
produce an effective including journals, letters…
composition for a
specific purpose.

                               Activity #4 – The Five States Page 7
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.6) Geography. The student uses
Studies TAKS            geographic tools to collect, analyze, and interpret data, (A) apply
Objective 2:            geographic tools…. (B) translate geographic data into a variety of
The student will        formats such as raw data to graphs and maps. (4.7) Geography. The
demonstrate an          student understands the concept of regions. (B) describe a variety of
understanding of        regions in Texas such as landform, climate, and vegetation regions that
geographic              result from physical characteristics. . (4.8) Geography. The student
influences on           understands the location and patterns of settlement and the geographic
historical issues and   factors that influence where people live. (C) describe the location of
events.                 cities in Texas and explain their distribution, past and present; and (D)
                        explain the geographic factors that influence patterns of settlement and
                        the distribution of population in Texas, past and present. (4.9)
8th Grade Social        Geography. The student understands how people adapt to and modify
Studies TAKS            their environment. (A) describe ways people have adapted to and
Objective 5: The        modified their environment in Texas, past and present. (4.13)
student will use        Economics. The student understands patterns of work and economic


                                                     6
critical thinking       activities in Texas. (A) explain how people in different regions of Texas
skills to analyze       earn their living, past and present; (B) explain how geographic factors
social studies          have influenced the location of economic activities in Texas. (4.20)
information.            Culture. The student understands the contributions of people of various
                        racial, ethnic, and religious groups to Texas. (B) identify customs,
                        celebrations, and traditions of various culture groups in Texas; and (C)
                        summarize the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, and
                        religious groups in the development of Texas. (4.21) Science,
                        technology, and society. The student understands the impact of science
Suggested TEKS to       and technology on life in Texas. (B) describe how scientific discoveries
support Depth &         and technological innovations have benefited individuals, businesses,
Complexity              and society in Texas. (4.22) Social Studies Skills (A)(B)(C)
                        **description in Activity 2. (4.23)(B) incorporate main and supporting
                        ideas in verbal and written communication; (D)(E) **description in
                        Activity 2. (4.24)(A) use a problem-solving process to identify a
                        problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider
                        advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and
                        evaluate the effectiveness of the solution; and(B)** description in
                        Activity 2
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.7)(A) define the impact of “boom
Studies TAKS            and bust” and trace the boom-and-bust cycle of leading Texas industries
Objective 2:            throughout the 20th century, including farming, oil and gas, cotton, cattle
The student will        ranching, real estate, and banking;
demonstrate an          (7.9) Geography. The student understands the location and
understanding of        characteristics of places and regions of Texas. (A) locate places and
geographic              regions of importance in Texas during the 19th and 20th centuries; (B)
influences on           compare places and regions of Texas in terms of physical and human
historical issues and   characteristics; and (C) analyze the effects of physical and human factors
events.                 such as climate, weather, landforms, irrigation, transportation, and
                        communication on major events in Texas. (7.10) Geography. The student
                        understands the effects of the interaction between humans and the
8th Grade Social        environment in Texas during the 19th and 20th centuries. (B) explain ways
Studies TAKS            in which geographic factors have affected the political, economic, and
Objective 5: The        social development of Texas. (7.13) The student understands the
student will use        interdependence of the Texas economy with the United States and the
critical thinking       world. (C) analyze the impact of significant industries in Texas such as
skills to analyze       oil and gas…on local, national, and international markets. (7.19)
social studies          Culture. The student understands the concept of diversity within unity in
information.            Texas. (A) explain how the diversity of Texas is reflected in a variety of
                        cultural activities, celebrations, and performances; (B) describe how
                        people from selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups attempt to
Gifted/Talented         maintain their cultural heritage while adapting to the larger Texas culture;
Depth & complexity      and (C) identify examples of Spanish influence on place names such as
                        Amarillo and Rio Grande and on vocabulary in Texas, including words
                        that originated from the Spanish cattle industry.
                         (7.21) Social Studies skills. (A)(B)(C) ** see description in Activity 2;



                                                     7
                        7.22 Social Studies skills (B) (C) **see description in Activity 2. 7.23
                        Social Studies skills. use a problem-solving process to identify a
                        problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider
                        advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and
                        evaluate the effectiveness of the solution; and (B) **see description in
                        Activity 2.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
Objective 2: Apply      writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
knowledge of            (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
literary elements to    including journals, letters…
understand culturally
different texts.        Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: The        student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
student will            multiple sources of and print resources to locate information relevant to
demonstrate the         research questions (4-8).
ability to analyze
and critically
evaluate culturally
diverse written texts
and visual
representations.

                                 Activity #5 – Regionalism Page 8
8th Grade Social        Brochure Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.22) Social Studies
Studies TAKS            skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use
Objective 5: The        information acquired from a variety of sources. (B) analyze information
student will use        by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-and-effect relationships,
critical thinking       comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making
skills to analyze       generalizations and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions;
social studies          (C) organize and interpret information in outlines, reports, databases, and
information.            visuals including graphs, charts, timelines, and maps;
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.21) Social Studies skills. The
Studies TAKS            student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information
Objective 5: The        acquired from a variety of sources including electronic technology. (A)
student will use        differentiate between, locate, and use primary and secondary sources
critical thinking       such as computer software, databases, media and news services,
skills to analyze       biographies, interviews, and artifacts to acquire information about Texas;
social studies          (B) analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-
information.            and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea,
                        summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing
                        inferences and conclusions; (C) organize and interpret information in
                        outlines, reports, databases, and visuals including graphs, charts,
                        timelines, and maps; (7.22) Social Studies Skills. The student
                        communicates in written, oral, and visual forms. (B) use standard
                        grammar, spelling, sentence structure, and punctuation; (C) transfer
                        information from one medium to another, including written to visual; and


                                                     8
                        (D) create written, oral, and visual presentations of social studies
                        information.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See        student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
description in          multiple sources of and print resources to locate information relevant to
Activity #4.            research questions (4-8).

                                Activity #6 -- West Texans Page 9
 th
8 Grade TAKS            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.13) Economics. The student
Objective 3: The        understands patterns of work and economic activities in Texas. (A)
student will            explain how people in different regions of Texas earn their living, past
demonstrate an          and present; (4.14) Economics. The student understands how Texas, the
understanding of        United States, and other parts of the world are economically
economic and social     interdependent. (B) identify oil and gas, agricultural, and technological
influences on           products of Texas that are purchased to meet needs in the United States
historical issues and   and around the world. Social Studies Skills. (4.22)(A)(B)(C) (4.23)(A-
events.                 E)(4.24)(A)(B) **see description in Activity 2
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.7)(A) define the impact of “boom
Objective 3: The        and bust” and trace the boom-and-bust cycle of leading Texas industries
student will            throughout the 20th century, including farming, oil and gas, cotton, cattle
demonstrate an          ranching, real estate, and banking;
understanding of        (7.9) Geography. The student understands the location and
economic and social     characteristics of places and regions of Texas. (A) locate places and
influences on           regions of importance in Texas during the 19th and 20th centuries; (B)
historical issues and   compare places and regions of Texas in terms of physical and human
events.                 characteristics; (7.13 The student understands the interdependence of the
                        Texas economy with the United States and the world. (C) analyze the
                        impact of significant industries in Texas such as oil and gas…on local,
                        national, and international markets. (7.20) Science, technology, and
                        society. The student understands the impact of scientific discoveries and
                        technological innovations on the political, economic, and social
                        development of Texas. (C) analyze the effects of scientific discoveries
                        and technological innovations such as…oil and gas…on the
                        developments of Texas. (D) evaluate the effects of scientific discoveries
                        and technological innovations on the use of resources such as fossil
                        fuels… (E) analyze how scientific discoveries and technological
                        innovations have resulted in an interdependence among Texas, the United
                        States, and the world, and (F) make predictions about economic, social,
                        and environmental consequences that may result from future scientific
                        discoveries and technological innovations.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.13)(7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See        student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
description in          multiple sources of and print resources to locate information relevant to
Activity #4.            research questions (4-8).




                                                     9
                                Activity #7 – East Texans Page 10
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.14) Economics. The student
Objective 3: See        understands how Texas, the United States, and other parts of the world
description below.      are economically interdependent. (B) identify oil and gas, agricultural,
                        and technological products of Texas that are purchased to meet needs in
                        the United States and around the world. (Activity #6)
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.7) History. (A) define the impact of
Objective 3: The        “boom and bust” and trace the boom-and-bust cycle of leading Texas
student will            industries throughout the 20th century, including farming, oil and gas,
demonstrate an          cotton, cattle ranching, real estate, and banking; (7.13 The student
understanding of        understands the interdependence of the Texas economy with the United
economic and social     States and the world. (A) analyze the impact of national and international
influences on           markets and events on the production of goods and services in Texas ;(
historical issues and   C) analyze the impact of significant industries in Texas such as oil and
events. Depth &         gas…on local, national, and international markets. (7.21) Social Studies
Complexity TEKS         skills. (A)(B)(C) ** see description in Activity 2; 7.22 Social Studies
                        skills (B) (C) **see description in Activity 2. 7.23 Social Studies skills.
                        (B) **see description in Activity 2.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3:            student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
See description in      multiple sources of and print resources to locate information relevant to
Activity #4.            research questions (4-8).

                               Activity #8 – South Texans Page 11
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.9) Geography. The student
Studies TAKS            understands how people adapt to and modify their environment. (A)
Objective 1: The        describe ways people have adapted to and modified their environment in
student will            Texas, past and present (B) identify reasons why people have adapted to
demonstrate an          and modified their environment in Texas, past and present, such as the
understanding of        use of natural resources to meet basic needs; and (C) analyze the
issues and events in    consequences of human modification of the environment in Texas, past
U. S. history.          and present. (4.23)(B) incorporate main and supporting ideas in verbal
Objective 2:            and written communication; (D) (E) **description in Activity 2.
The student will
demonstrate an
understanding of
geographic
influences on
historical issues and
events.
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.9) Geography. The student
Studies TAKS            understands the location and characteristics of places and regions of
Objective 1: The        Texas. (C) analyze the effects of physical and human factors such as
student will            climate, weather, landforms, irrigation, transportation, and
demonstrate an          communication on major events in Texas. (7.10) Geography. (A)
understanding of        identify ways in which Texans have adapted to and modified the


                                                    10
issues and events in    environment and analyze the consequences of the modifications; 7.22
U. S. history.          Social Studies skills (B) (C) **see description in Activity 2. 7.23 Social
 Objective 2:           Studies skills. (B) **see description in Activity 2.
Description above.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.11) (7.11) Reading/literary response. The
Objective 2: Apply      student expresses and supports responses to various types of texts. (A)
knowledge of            offer observations, make connections, react, speculate, interpret, and
literary elements to    raise questions in response to texts (4-8).
understand culturally
different texts.

                               Activity #9 – North Texans Page 12
8th Grade TAKS        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.5) History. The student understands
Objective 1: The      important issues, events, and individuals of the 20th century in Texas.
student will          (A) identify the impact of various issues and events on life in Texas such
demonstrate an        as urbanization, increased use of oil and gas, and the growth of aerospace
understanding of      and other technology industries; (4.13) Economics. …patterns of work
issues and events in  and economic activities..(A) explain how people in different regions of
U. S. history.        Texas earn their living, past and present; (B) explain how geographic
Objective 3:          factors have influenced the location of economic activities;
Description below.    (4.22)(A)(B)(C) ) **description in Activity 2. (D) identify different
                      points of view about an issue or topic. (4.23) Social Studies skills.
                      (A)(B)(D)(E) **see description in Activity 2
8th Grade TAKS        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.12) Economics. The student
Objective 1:          understands the factors that caused Texas to change from an agrarian to
Description above.    an urban society. (A) explain economic factors that led to the
 Objective 3: … will urbanization of Texas; (7.13) Economics (A) analyze the impact of
demonstrate an        national and international markets and events on the production of goods
understanding of      and services in Texas; (C) analyze the impact of significant industries in
economic and social Texas such as oil and gas, aerospace, and medical technology on local,
influences on         national, and international markets. (7.15) Government. (A) describe the
historical issues and structure and functions of government at municipal, county, and state
events.               levels; (C) describe the structure and governance of Texas public
                      education.
Grades 3-8 TAKS       Language Arts TEKS (4.11) (7.11) Reading/literary response. The
Objective 2: Apply    student expresses and supports responses to various types of texts. (A)
knowledge of          offer observations, make connections, react, speculate, interpret, and
literary elements to  raise questions in response to texts (4-8).
understand culturally
different texts.
TAKS Writing at       Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
Grades 4 and 7:       writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
Objective 1: See      (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
description in        including journals, letters…
Activity #3.



                                                    11
                             Activity #10 -- Central Texans Page 13
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.20) Culture. (A) identify the
Objective 1: The       similarities and differences within and among selected racial, ethnic, and
student will           religious groups in Texas; (B) identify customs, celebrations, and
demonstrate an         traditions of various culture groups in Texas. (4.22)Social Studies Skills
understanding of       (A-E) **see description in Activity 2
issues and events in
U. S. history.
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.14) Government. (A) identify
Objective 1:           how the Texas Constitution reflects the principles of limited government,
Description above.     checks and balances, …popular sovereignty, and individual rights. (7.19)
Objective 4: …         Culture. (A) explain how the diversity of Texas is reflected in a variety
demonstrate an         of cultural activities, celebrations, and performances; (B) describe how
understanding of       people from selected racial, ethnic, and religious groups attempt to
political influences   maintain their cultural heritage while adapting to the larger Texas culture;
on historical issues
and events.
Grades 3-8 TAKS        Language Arts TEKS (4.11) (7.11) Reading/literary response. The
Objective 3: …         student expresses and supports responses to various types of texts. (A)
analyze and            offer observations, make connections, react, speculate, interpret, and
critically evaluate    raise questions in response to texts (4-8).
culturally diverse
written texts and
visual
representations.

                          Activity #11 –The Texas Mystique Page 14
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8 Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.3) History. (E) identify leaders
Objective 1: The       important to the founding of Texas as a republic and state, including Sam
student will           Houston, Mirabeau Lamar, and Anson Jones. (4.5) History.(B) identify
demonstrate an         the accomplishments of notable individuals such as Henry Cisneros,
understanding of       Miriam A. Ferguson, Audie Murphy, Cleto Rodriguez, and John Tower.
issues and events in   (4.18) Citizenship. The student understands the importance of voluntary
U. S. history.         individual participation in the democratic process. (C) identify the
                       importance of historical figures such as Sam Houston, Barbara Jordan,
                       and Lorenzo de Zavala who modeled active participation in the
                       democratic process; (4.19) Citizenship. The student understands the
                       importance of effective leadership in a democratic party. (A) identify
                       leaders in state and local governments, including the governor, selected
                       members of the Texas Legislature, and Texans who have been President
                       of the United States, and their political parties; and (B) identify
                       leadership qualities of state and local leaders, past and present.
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.2) History. The student
Objective 1: The       understands how individuals, events, and issues prior to the Texas
student will           Revolution shaped the history of Texas. (C) identify the contributions of
demonstrate an         significant individuals including Moses Austin, Stephen F. Austin, and


                                                    12
understanding of       Juan Sequin during the colonization of Texas; (7.3) History. (A) explain
issues and events in   the roles played by significant individuals during the Texas Revolution,
U. S. history.         including George Childress, Lorenzo de Zavala, James Fannin, Sam
                       Houston, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, and William B. Travis; (7.4)
                       History. (A) identify individuals, events, and issues during the Republic
                       of Texas and early Texas statehood, including annexation, Sam Houston,
                       Anson Jones, Mirabeau B. Lamar….(7.6) History. (A) identify
                       significant individuals, events, and issues from Reconstruction through
                       the beginning of the 20th century, including the factors leading to the
                       expansion of the Texas frontier, the effects of westward expansion on
                       Native Americans, the development of the cattle industry from its Spanish
Depth & Complexity     beginnings, the myth and realities of the cowboy way of life, the effects
TEKS                   of the growth of railroads, the buffalo soldiers, James Hogg, Cynthia
                       Parker and Spindletop; (7.18) The student understands the importance of
                       effective leadership in a democratic society. (A) identify the leadership
                       qualities of elected and appointed leaders of Texas, past and present,
                       including Texans who have been President of the United States; and (B)
                       analyze the contributions of Texas leaders such as Henry B. González,
                       Phil Gramm, Barbara Jordan, and Sam Rayburn.
Grades 3-8 TAKS        Language Arts TEKS (4.11) (7.11)Reading/literary response. The
Objective 3: ... See   student expresses and supports responses to various types of texts. (A)
description in         offer observations, make connections, react, speculate, interpret, and
Activity #10.          raise questions in response to texts (4-8).



                              Activity #12 – Early Texans Page 15
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8 Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.1) History. The student
Objective 1: The       understands the similarities and differences of Native-American groups
student will           in Texas and the Western Hemisphere before European exploration. (A)
demonstrate an         identify Native-American groups in Texas and the Western Hemisphere
understanding of       before European exploration and describe regions in which they lived;
issues and events in   (B) compare the ways of life of Native-American groups in Texas and the
U. S. history.         Western Hemisphere before European exploration. (4.20) Culture. (B)
                       identify customs, celebrations, and traditions of various culture groups in
                       Texas; and (C) summarize the contributions of people of various racial,
                       ethnic, and religious groups in the development of Texas.
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.1) History. (A) identify the major
Objective 1: See       eras in Texas history and describe their defining characteristics. (7.2)
description above.     History. (A) compare the cultures of Native Americans in Texas prior to
                       European colonization.
Grades 3-8 TAKS        Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See       student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (F)
description in         produce research projects and reports in effective formats using visuals to
Activity #10.          support meaning (4-8)




                                                   13
                               Activity #13 – Texas Indians Page 16
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.9) Geography. The student
Studies TAKS            understands how people adapt to and modify their environment. (B)
Objective 2: … an       identify reasons why people have adapted to and modified their
understanding of        environment in Texas, past and present, such as the natural resources to
geographic              meet basic needs.
influences on
historical issues and
events.
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.10) Geography. (A) identify ways
Studies TAKS            in which Texans have adapted to and modified the environment and
Objective 2:            analyze the consequences of the modifications.
Description above.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See        student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
description in          multiple sources and print resources to locate information relevant to
Activity #10.           research question (4-8).

                              Activity #14 – Indian Culture Page 17
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8 Grade TAKS            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.2) History. The student
Objective 1:…           understands the causes and effects of European exploration and
demonstrate an          colonization of Texas. (A) summarize reasons for European exploration
understanding of        and settlement in Texas.
issues and events in
U. S. history.
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.1) History. The student
Objective 1: See        understands traditional historical points of reference in Texas history. (A)
description above.      identify the major eras in Texas history and describe their defining
                        characteristics.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.25) (7.25) Viewing/representing/production.
Objective 3: See        The student produces visual images, messages, and meanings that
description in          communicate with others. (A) select, organize, or produce visuals to
Activity #10.           complement and extend meaning (4-8).

                           Activity #15 – Spanish Exploration Page 18
                                    Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4:
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.2) History. The student
Objective 1: The        understands the causes and effects of European exploration and
student will            colonization of Texas. (A) summarize reasons for European exploration
demonstrate an          and settlement in Texas. (B) identify the accomplishments of significant
understanding of        explorers such as Cabeza de Vaca; Christopher Columbus; Francisco
issues and events in    Coronado; and René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle and explain their
U. S. history.          impact on the settlement of Texas; and (C) explain when, where, and
                        why the Spanish established Catholic missions in Texas.
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.2) History. The student


                                                     14
Objective 1: See     understands how individuals, events, and issues prior to the Texas
description above.   Revolution shaped the history of Texas. (B) identify important
                     individuals, events, and issues related to European exploration and
                     colonization of Texas, including the establishment of Catholic missions.
Grades 3-8 TAKS      Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See     student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
description in       summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking
Activity #10.        notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).
TAKS Writing at      Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
Grades 4 and 7:      writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
Objective 1: … will, (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
within a given       including journals, letters…
context, produce an
effective
composition for a
specific purpose.

                       Activity #16 – French and Spanish Settlement Page 19
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8 Grade TAKS             Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.2) History. (C) explain when,
Objective 1: …           where, and why the Spanish established Catholic missions in Texas.
demonstrate an           (4.20) Culture. (B) identify customs, celebrations, and traditions of
understanding of         various culture groups in Texas.
issues and events in
U. S. history.
8th Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.2) History. (B) **see description
Objective 1: See         in Activity # 15; (7.19) Culture. The student understands the concept of
above.                   diversity within unity in Texas. (A) explain how the diversity of Texas is
                         reflected in a variety of cultural activities, celebrations, and
                         performances.
Grades 3-8 TAKS          Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See         student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
description in #10.      multiple sources and print resources to locate information relevant to
                         research question (4-8). (G) draw conclusions from information gathered
                         from multiple sources (4-8); and (H) use compiled information and
                         knowledge to raise additional, unanswered questions (3-8).

                              Activity #17 – Spanish Heritage Page 21
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8 Grade TAKS             Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.2) History. (C) explain when,
Objective 1: …           where, and why the Spanish established Catholic missions in Texas.
8th Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.2) History. (B) **see description
Objective 1: ...         in activity #15.
demonstrate an
understanding of
issues and events in
U. S. history.



                                                     15
Grades 3-8 TAKS        Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: …         student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
See description in     summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking
Activity #10.          notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).

                            Activity #18 – The New “Texians” Page
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.2) History. (D) identify the
Objective 1: The       accomplishments of significant empresarios including Moses Austin,
student will           Stephen F. Austin… (4.19) Citizenship. The student understands the
demonstrate an         importance of effective leadership in a democratic party. (A) identify
understanding of       leaders in state and local governments, including the governor, selected
issues and events in   members of the Texas Legislature, and Texans who have been President
U. S. history.         of the United States, and their political parties; and (B) identify
                       leadership qualities of state and local leaders, past and present.
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.2) History. The student
Objective 1: see       understands how individuals, events, and issues prior to the Texas
above.                 Revolution shaped the history of Texas. (C) identify the contributions of
                       significant individuals including Moses Austin, Stephen F. Austin, and
                       Juan Sequin during the colonization of Texas;
Grades 3-8 TAKS        Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See       student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
description in         summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking
Activity #10.          notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).

                        Activity #19 – Remember the Alamo! Page 22
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8 Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.3) History. The student
Objective 1: See       understands the causes and effects of the Texas Revolution… (A) analyze
description below.     the causes, major events, and effects of the Texas Revolution, including
                       the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto.
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.3) History. The student
Objective 1: …         understands how individuals, events, and issues related to the Texas
demonstrate an         Revolution shaped the history of Texas. (B) explain the issues
understanding of       surrounding significant events of the Texas Revolution, including the
issues and events in   battle of Gonzales, the siege of the Alamo, the convention of 1836,
U. S. history.         Fannin’s surrender at Goliad, and the battle of San Jacinto.
TAKS                   Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3:           student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
See description in     summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking
Activity #10.          notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).

                         Activity #20 – The Texas Revolution Page 23
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8 Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.2) History. (E) identify the impact
Objective 1: See       of Mexico’s independence from Spain on the events in Texas. (4.3)
description below.     History. The student understands the causes and effects of the Texas
                       Revolution… (A) analyze the causes, major events, and effects of the


                                                   16
                     Texas Revolution, including the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto.
 th
8 Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.2) History. The student under-
Objective 1: The     stands how individuals, events, and issues prior to the Texas Revolution
student will         shaped the history of Texas. (D) identify the impact of the Mexican
demonstrate an       federal Constitution of 1824 on events in1830, the Turtle Bayou
understanding of     Resolutions, and the arrest of Stephen F. Austin; (E) trace the
issues and events in development of events that led to the Texas Revolution, including the
U. S. history.       Law of April 6, (7.3) History. The student understands how individuals,
                     events, and issues related to the Texas Revolution shaped the history of
Depth & Complexity Texas. (B) explain the issues surrounding significant events of the Texas
TEKS                 Revolution, including the battle of Gonzales, the siege of the Alamo, the
                     convention of 1836, Fannin’s surrender at Goliad, and the battle of San
                     Jacinto.
TAKS                 Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See     student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
description in       summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking
Activity #10.        notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).
TAKS Writing at      Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
Grades 4 and 7:      writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
Objective 1: … will, (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
within a given con-  including journals, letters…
text, produce an
effective
composition for a
specific purpose.

                        Activity #21 – The Republic of Texas Page 24
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8 Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.3) History. The student
Objective 1: The       understands the causes and effects of the Texas Revolution, the Republic
student will           of Texas, and the annexation of Texas to the United States. (B) describe
demonstrate an         the successes and problems of the Republic of Texas; (C) explain the
understanding of       events that led to the annexation of Texas to the United States. … (4.19)
issues and events in   Citizenship. The student understands the importance of effective
U. S. history.         leadership in a democratic party. (B) identify leadership qualities of state
                       and local leaders, past and present.
8th Grade TAKS         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.4) History. The student
Objective 1: The       understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of the
student will           Republic of Texas and early Texas statehood. (A) identify individuals,
demonstrate an         events, and issues during the Republic of Texas and early Texas
understanding of       statehood, including annexation, Sam Houston, Anson Jones, Mirabeau
issues and events in   B. Lamar, problems of the Republic of Texas, the Texas Rangers, the
U. S. history.         Mexican War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, and (B) analyze the
                       causes of and events leading to Texas statehood. (7.18) Citizenship. The
                       student understands the importance of effective leadership in a
                       democratic society. (A) identify the leadership qualities of elected and
                       appointed leaders of Texas, past and present…


                                                    17
TAKS                    Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3: See        student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
description in          summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking
Activity #10.           notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).

                        Activity #22 – Annexation and Statehood Page 25
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.13) Economics. The student
Objective 3: The        understands patterns of work and economic activities in Texas. (A)
student will            explain how people in different regions of Texas earn their living, past
demonstrate an          and present; (B) explain how geographic factors have influenced the
understanding of        location of economic activities in Texas; (C) analyze the effects of
economic and social     immigration, migration, and limited resources on the economic
influences on           development and growth of Texas; (D) describe the impact of mass
historical issues and   production, specialization, and division of labor on the economic growth
events.                 of Texas; (E) explain how developments in transportation and
Objective 4:            communication have influenced economic activities in Texas; and (F)
The student will        explain the impact of American ideas about progress and equality of
demonstrate an          opportunity on the economic development and growth of Texas.
understanding of        (4.14) Economics. The student understands how Texas, the United
political influences    States, and other parts of the world are economically interdependent. (A)
on historical issues    identify ways in which technological changes have resulted in increased
and events.             interdependence among Texas, the United States, and the world; (B)
                        identify oil and gas, agricultural, and technological products of Texas that
                        are purchased to meet needs in the United States and around the world.
                        (4.21) Science, technology, and society. The student understands the
                        impact of science and technology on life in Texas. (B) describe how
                        scientific discoveries and technological innovations have benefited
                        individuals, businesses, and society in Texas.
8th Grade TAKS          Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.11) Geography. The student
Objective 3: The        understands the characteristics, distribution, and migration of population
student will            in Texas in the 19th and 20th centuries. (C) analyze the effects of the
demonstrate an          changing population distribution in Texas during the 20th century; and
understanding of        (D) describe the structure of the population of Texas using demographic
economic and social     concepts such as growth rate and age distribution. (7.12) The student
influences on           understands the factors that caused Texas to change from an agrarian to
historical issues and   an urban society. (C) explain the changes in the types of jobs and
events.                 occupations that have resulted from the urbanization of Texas. (7.20)
Objective 4:…           Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of
demonstrate an          scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the political,
understanding of        economic, and social development of Texas. (C) analyze the effects of
political influences    scientific discoveries and technological innovations, such as barbed wire,
on historical issues    the windmill, and oil, gas, and aerospace industries, on the developments
and events.             of Texas.
TAKS                    Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
Objective 3:…           student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (E)
demonstrate the         summarize and organize information from multiple sources by taking


                                                     18
ability to analyze        notes, outlining ideas, or making charts (4-8).
and critically            Language Arts TEKS (4.25) (7.25) Viewing/representing/production.
evaluate culturally       The student produces visual images, messages, and meanings that
diverse written texts     communicate with others. (A) select, organize, or produce visuals to
and visual                complement and extend meaning (4-8).
representations.

                        Activity #23 – Two More Wars on Texas Soil Page 26
8th Grade TAKS            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.3) History. The student
Objective 1: The          understands the causes and effects of the Texas Revolution, the Republic
student will              of Texas, and the annexation of Texas to the United States. (D) explain
demonstrate an            the impact of the Mexican War on Texas; (4.4) History. The student
understanding of          understands the political, economic, and social changes in Texas during
issues and events in      the last half of the 19th century. (A) describe the impact of the Civil War
U. S. history.            and Reconstruction on Texas;
8th Grade TAKS            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.1) History. The student
Objective 1: The          understands traditional historical points of reference in Texas history. (C)
student will              explain the significance of the following dates: 1519, 1718, 1821, 1836,
demonstrate an            1845, and 1861. (7.5) History. The student understands how events and
understanding of          issues shaped the history of Texas during the Civil War and
issues and events in      Reconstruction. (A) explain reasons for the involvement of Texas in the
U. S. history.            Civil War; and (B) analyze the political, economic, and social effects of
                          the Civil War and the Reconstruction in Texas.
TAKS Writing at           Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
Grades 4 and 7:           writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
Objective 1: See          (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
description in            including journals, letters…
Activity #20.
Objective 3: See          Language Arts TEKS (4.13) (7.13) Reading/inquiry/research. The
description in            student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources. (C) use
Activity #10.             multiple sources to locate information relevant to research question (4-8).

                             Activity #24 – Cowboys and Cattle Page 27
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8 Grade TAKS              Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.20) Culture. The student
8th Grade TAKS            understands the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, and
Objective 1: See          religious groups to Texas. (A) identify customs, celebrations, and
description below.        traditions of various culture groups in Texas.
8th Grade TAKS            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.6) History. The student
Objective 1: …            understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of
demonstrate an            Texas from Reconstruction through the beginning of the 20th century. (A)
understanding of          identify significant individuals, events, and issues from Reconstruction
issues and events in      through the beginning of the 20th century, including the factors leading to
U. S. history.            the expansion of the Texas frontier, the effects of westward expansion on
Objective 3: …            Native Americans, the development of the cattle industry from its
demonstrate an            Spanish beginnings, the myth and realities of the cowboy way of life, the
understanding of          effects of the growth of railroads….(B) explain the political, economic,


                                                       19
economic and social      and social impact of the cattle and oil industries and the development of
influences on            West Texas resulting from the close of the frontier.
historical issues and
events.
Grades 3-8 TAKS          Language Arts TEKS (4.10) (7.10) Reading/comprehension. The
Objective 2: Apply       student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies. (H) draw
knowledge of             inferences such as conclusions or generalizations and support them with
literary elements to     text evidence and experience. (4-8) (K) answer different types and levels
understand culturally    of questions such as open-ended, literal, and interpretative as well as
different texts.         …..(4-8)

                Activity #25 – And Then Came the Oil: Black Gold! Page 28
8th Grade TAKS           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.14) Economics. The student
Objective 3: …           understands how Texas, the United States, and other parts of the world
demonstrate an           are economically interdependent. (B) identify oil and gas, agricultural,
understanding of         and technological products of Texas that are purchased to meet needs in
economic and social      the United States and around the world.
influences on
historical issues and
events.
Grades 3-8 TAKS          Language Arts TEKS (4.10) (7.10) Reading/comprehension. The
Objective 2: Apply       student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies. (H) draw
knowledge of             inferences such as conclusions or generalizations and support them with
literary elements to     text evidence and experience. (4-8) (K) answer different types and levels
understand culturally    of questions such as open-ended, literal, and interpretative as well as
different texts.         …..(4-8)

                        Activity #26 – Triumph and Transformation Page 29
 th
8 Grade TAKS             Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.5) History. The student
Objective 1: …           understands important issues, events, and individuals of the 20th century
demonstrate an           in Texas. (A) identify the impact of various issues and events on life in
understanding of         Texas such as urbanization, increased use of oil and gas, and the growth
issues and events in     of aerospace and other technology industries; (4.13) Economics. (F)
U. S. history.           explain the impact of American ideas about progress and equality of
Objective 3: …           opportunity on the economic development and growth of Texas.
demonstrate an
understanding of
economic and social
influences on
historical issues and
events.
Same preparation         Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.7) History. The student
objective listed in      understands how individuals, events, and issues shaped the history of
Grade 4.                 Texas during the 20th century. (D) analyze the political, economic, and
                         social impact of major wars, including World War I and World War II,



                                                     20
                      on the history of Texas. (7.20) Science, technology, and society. The
                      student understands the impact of scientific discoveries and technological
                      innovations on the political, economic, and social development of Texas.
                      (F) make predictions about economic, social and environmental
                      consequences that may result from future scientific discoveries and
                      technological innovations.
Grades 3-8 TAKS       Language Arts TEKS (4.10)(7.10) Reading/comprehension. The
Objective 2: Apply    student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies. (H) draw
knowledge of          inferences such as conclusions or generalizations and support them with
literary elements to  text evidence and experience. (4-8) (K) answer different types and levels
understand culturally of questions such as open-ended, literal, and interpretative as well as
different texts.      …..(4-8)
TAKS Writing at
Grades 4 and 7:       Language Arts TEKS (4.15) (7.15) Writing/purposes. The student
Objective 1: See      writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
description in #20.   (F) choose the appropriate form for his/her own purpose for writing,
                      including journals, letters…

                         Activity #27 – Living in Texas Today Page 30
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.20) Culture. (A) identify the
Studies TAKS            similarities and differences within and among selected racial, ethnic, and
Objective 5: See        religious groups in Texas. (4.22) Social Studies Skills. (D) identify
below.                  different points of view about an issue or topic.
8th Grade Social        Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: (7.12) Economics. The student
Studies TAKS            understands the factors that caused Texas to change from an agrarian to
Objective 3: …          an urban society. (A) explain economic factors that led to the
demonstrate an          urbanization of Texas; (B) trace the development of major industries that
understanding of        contributed to the urbanization of Texas; and (C) explain the changes in
economic and social     the types of jobs and occupations that have resulted from the urbanization
influences on           of Texas. (7.19) Culture. The student understands the concept of
historical issues and   diversity within unity in Texas. (A) explain how the diversity of Texas is
events.                 reflected in a variety of cultural activities, celebrations, and
Objective 5: The        performances.
student will use
critical thinking
skills to analyze
social studies
information.
Grades 3-8 TAKS         Language Arts TEKS (4.10) (7.10) Reading/comprehension. The
Objective 2: Apply      student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies. (H) draw
knowledge of            inferences such as conclusions or generalizations and support them with
literary elements to    text evidence and experience. (4-8) (K) answer different types and levels
understand culturally   of questions such as open-ended, literal, and interpretative as well as
different texts.        …..(4-8)




                                                    21
                               Activity #28 – Texas Tid-Bits Page 31
8th Grade Social           Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: (4.17) Citizenship. The student
Studies TAKS               understands important customs, symbols, and celebrations of Texas.
Objective 5: The           (A) explain the meaning of selected patriotic symbols and landmarks of
student will use           Texas, including the six flags over Texas, San José Mission, and the
critical thinking skills   San Jacinto Monument. (B) sing or recite Texas, Our Texas; (C) recite
to analyze social          and explain the meaning of the Pledge to the Texas Flag, and (D)
studies information.       describe the origins and significance of state celebrations such as Texas
                           Independence Day and Juneteenth.
Same as fourth grade.      Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: Review of fourth grade (4.17)
                           Citizenship TEKS.
Objective 3: The           Language Arts TEKS (4.25) (7.25)
student will recognize     Viewing/representing/production. The student produces visual
appropriate                images, messages, and meanings that communicate with others. (A)
organization of ideas      select, organize, or produce visuals to complement and extend meaning
in written text.           (4-8).

                               Activity #29 -- Texas Tid-Bits Page 32

See Objective 5            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 4: Review of events in Texas history.
above.
See Objective 5            Social Studies TEKS – Grade 7: Review of events in Texas history.
above.
TAKS Objective 3:          Language Arts TEKS (4.25) (7.25) Viewing/ representing/
… recognize                production. The student produces visual images, messages, and
appropriate                meanings that communicate with others. (A) select, organize, or
organization of ideas      produce visuals to complement and extend meaning (4-8).
in written text.




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