March 2010 - Klickitat County Extension

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March 2010 - Klickitat County Extension Powered By Docstoc
					 KLICKITAT COUNTY CHIT CHAT
 Published by WSU–Klickitat County Extension Office
 228 W. Main St. MS-CH-12
 Goldendale, WA 98620           (509) 773-5817
 Email: klickitat@wsu.edu       Web site: www.klickitat.wsu.edu
                                                                                      MARCH 2010


                                             UPCOMING EVENTS
   MARCH
   16    Unnatural Causes film series, 6:30 pm, Goldendale Community Library, for info call 1-888-267-1199
   20    Klickitat County Livestock Growers Banquet, 7 pm, Goldendale American Legion
   23    Unnatural Causes film series, 6:30 pm, Goldendale Community Library, for info call 1-888-267-1199
   30    Unnatural Causes film series, 6:30 pm, Goldendale Community Library, for info call 1-888-267-1199
   APRIL
   3     Ties to the Land: Succession Planning for Landowners, Ellensburg, for info call 509-667-6540
   16-18 Goldendale Regional Home and Garden Show, Klickitat Co. Fairgrounds, for info call 509-773-3400
   22    Columbia Gorge Transportation Summit, Pioneer Center in White Salmon, call 541-296-2266



                      Ties to the Land: Succession Planning for Landowners
        Do you own and care for farm or forest land? If so, you probably have strong feelings about leaving
your land in good condition for the future. Succession Planning focuses on ways to maintain family ties to the
land from generation to generation, building awareness of key challenges facing family busiinesses, and
motivating families to address those challenges.
        Ties to the Land Succession Planning worskshop will be held April 3 at the Kittitas Valley Event
Center in Ellensburg, WA starting at 9AM.
        Ties to the Land is an award-winning curriculum developed by leading estate planning experts at
Oregon State University Extension and the Austin Family Business Program. Each family will receive a Ties
to the Land workbook and companion DVD, which are designed to help families continue to improve and
direct their communications and planning at home. Registration fee is $45 for members of the WA Farm
Forestry Assn., Cattlemen’s Assn., Hay Growers Assn., or Kittitas Co. Farm Bureau and $75 for non-
association members. For more information contact Andy Perleberg, WSU Extension Forester, at (509) 667-
6540 or andyp@wsu.edu.

                                      Wilson Creek Plowing Days
        The Wilson Creek Plowing Days is an old-fashioned draft horse, mule and oxen farming exhibition. It
will be held March 27 – 28 on the Bohnet farm near Wilson Creek, Washington.
        There is no formal schedule for the Plowing Days. Teams will enter the field at their leisure, generally
starting around 8am. Teams will work in the field until lunch, and then re-enter the field around 1pm. Lunch
is available for purchase on site both days. Lunch proceeds benefit the Wilson Creek FFA. The Plowing
Days are free to attend. For more information go to www.plowingdays.org or email info@plowingdays.org.

                               Columbia Gorge Transportation Summit
        The 2010 Columbia Gorge Transportation Summit will be held on April 22 at the Pioneer Center
located in White Salmon, WA. The region's most significant community and public transportation event
comes to the Columbia Gorge, complete with educational workshops, strategic planning activities, innovative
speakers, collaborative networking and the vendor fair. Gain perspective, create partnerships, and generate
solutions through innovation and collaborative initiatives to meet transportation needs in the Columbia Gorge
region. Registration fee is $35, for information go to www.mcedd.org/cgts.htm or call (541) 296-2266.


                                                       1
                          Goldendale Regional Home and Garden Show
       The Goldendale Regional Home and Garden Show will be held April 16-18 at the Klickitat County
Fairgrounds in Goldendale, WA.
       Ed Hume will be opening this year's show on April 16. He will be offering two special workshops: Easy
Landscaping and Using Perennials for Year-Round Color.
       Brian Santos, known to millions of television viewers as “The Wall Wizard” on HGTV’s “Smart
Solutions” puts the fun back in painting with his Wizards Workshops series Painting Secrets, Faux Finish
Secrets, and Wallcovering Secrets will be presented throughout the weekend.
       Home and garden enthusiasts will sure to enjoy the vendor booths, educational information and free
admission. For more information call the Goldendale Chamber of Commerce at 509-773-3400.

                                Interplanting Becoming Common Again
        An ancient practice of growing two or more vegetables in the same place at the same time, called
interplanting, is becoming common again.
        The extra planning required can be worth it for the additional growing space it provides, said Pat
Patterson, Master Gardener volunteer with the Oregon State University Extension Service in Lane County.
        "Interplanting also helps keep insect and disease problems under control," she said. "Pests are fairly
crop-specific and prefer vegetables of one type or family. Mixing plant families breaks up expanses of crops
and confines early pest damage to a small area."
        This practical growing method can foster symbiotic relationships as well. American Indians from the
Iroquois tribe planted corn, beans and squash in one mound as "three sisters" who needed each other to
grow. Beans fix nitrogen, which corn needs in large amounts. Corn reciprocates by lending its stalks for
climbing beans. The broad leaves of squash shade out weeds and retain moisture in the soil.
        Patterson recommends the following factors as you plan to interplant:
        Time to maturity:
Slow-maturing (such as carrots) and quick-maturing plants (such as radishes), can be planted at the same
time. Harvest the radishes before they begin to crowd the carrots.
        Above-ground growth pattern:
Planting small plants close to larger plants, for example, leaf lettuce and radishes at the base of pole beans
or broccoli, is an example of combining growth patterns.
        Root growth pattern:
Combine plants with complementary root-growth patterns so that roots won't compete with each other.
Shallow rooting plants include broccoli, corn, lettuce, potatoes, cabbage and spinach. Medium rooting are
snap beans, carrots, cucumber, summer squash, turnips and peas. Deep rooting include asparagus,
parsnips, winter squash, pumpkin and tomatoes.
        Possible negative effects on other plants:
Don't plant sunflowers and Jerusalem artichokes, which can suppress growth of nearby plants, close to other
crops.
        Light requirements:
Plant shade-tolerant species such as lettuce, spinach and celery in the shadow of taller crops.
        Season of growth:
Interplant cool-weather and warm-weather plants. By the time warm-weather crops grow to full size, the cool
weather crops will have finished producing.
        Nutrient requirements:
Interplant heavy feeders such as cabbage family crops with less demanding plants such as carrots, garlic
and parsnips.
        Water requirements:
Group plants with similar water requirements together to avoid over-watering some or to supply enough for
others.                                                                  Source – OSU Master Gardener E-newsletter


    “I’ve learned from experience that the greater part of our happiness or misery depends on our
                             dispositions and not on our circumstances.”
                          – Martha Washington, The first First Lady of the United States
                                                       2
                             Add Organic Matter to Improve Garden Soils
        Adding organic matter is the best way to improve nearly all kinds of soils. If you're unsure if your soil
needs amendments, take note if it dries and cracks in summer, drains slowly or is difficult to dig whether wet
or dry. Do your rhododendrons and other shrubs wilt in hot weather, even with added water?
        Adding organic materials improves the ability of sandy soils to hold nutrients and water. For clay soil,
organic additions improve drainage and aeration and help the soil dry out and warm up more quickly in the
spring.
        Good organic amendments for garden soils include wood by-products such as sawdust and bark
mulch, peat moss, rotted manure, grass or wheat straw and compost. Inorganic amendments include
pumice, perlite, vermiculite and sand.
        Any composted material that has been reduced to humus is a good soil amendment. However, the
breakdown of high-carbon organic matter in cattle and horse manure can take years. To speed the process,
mix additional nitrogen into your garden – at least six pounds of ammonium nitrate or 10 pounds of
ammonium sulfate per inch of organic matter, applied over a 1,000-square-foot area.
        Peat moss, with its high humus content, is the ideal amendment for raised beds or small gardens
because it is nearly weed-free. However, it is expensive to use in large gardens. Inorganic amendments such
as perlite, sand and vermiculite function primarily as wedges that separate soil particles, increasing soil
porosity and aeration.
        Sand does not hold water and nutrients very well and causes finer silt or clay soils to compact. Mix
sand with an organic amendment such as peat moss or sawdust to improve the sand's amending properties.
        Thoroughly rototill any amendment into garden soil – when dry – to prevent layering. Rototilling
organic amendments into gardens in the fall gives soil microorganisms an early start on converting organic
matter to humus. Another rototilling in spring will thoroughly mix in the amendments.
        An easy way to amend garden soils is to plant a green manure cover crop. An excellent winter c over
crop for western Oregon is crimson clover. Plant 12 pounds of seed per 1,000 square feet. Plant no later
than Oct. 1 and water the bed so the crop is established before cold weather sets in. When rototilled under in
late April, crimson clover will produce 3-4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.
        More information on improving garden soils is available in "Growing Your Own," a practical guide to
gardening for first-time gardeners.                                      Source – OSU Master Gardener E-newsletter

                                        Spring Vegetable Soup
1 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil                                                 1 cup frozen or fresh green peas
1/4 medium head red cabbage (about 2 cups), finely shredded                    1 cup water
2 medium ripe tomatoes, seeded and chopped                                     2 tsp. dried basil
1/2 cup canned artichoke hearts, drained and chopped
2 1/2 cups low-sodium tomato or vegetable juice                                Salt & freshly ground black pepper
In large soup pot, heat oil over medium heat. Saute cabbage, tomatoes, artichoke hearts and peas for 10
minutes. Add tomato juice and water. Bring to boil. Reduce heat, add basil and simmer for 10 minutes, or
until all vegetables are tender and soup is piping hot. Serve in individual serving bowls. Season to taste with
salt and pepper. Makes 4 servings. Per serving: 120 calories, 4 g total fat (<1 g saturated fat), 18 g carbohydrate, 5 g
protein, 4 g dietary fiber, 200 mg sodium.                             Source – American Institute on Cancer Research

Resources and publications available at the Extension office:
 Farmer’s Tax Guide for 2009 returns
 2010 Crop Protection Guide for Tree Fruits in WA, EB0419
                                                                                           Washington State University Extension helps
http://cru.cahe.wsu.edu/CEPublications/eb0419/EB0419.pdf                                   people develop leadership skills and use
 Big Game from Hunt to Home, PNW0517                                                      research-based knowledge to improve their
                                                                                           economic status and quality of life.
http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/jspui/bitstream/1957/13787/1/pnw517.pdf

 Extension programs and policies are consistent with federal and state laws and regulations on nondiscrimination regarding
                                                                                              County Extension Chair
 race, color, gender, national origin, religion, age, disability and sexual orientation. Evidence of noncompliance may be
                                                                                              World Class. Face to Face.

 reported to your local Extension office.

                                                            3
                                     Gardening tips that save money
       Gardening doesn't have to be expensive, especially if you can listen to the voice of experience.
The following light-hearted tips for thrifty gardening are passed on from Oregon State University Extension
Master Gardeners.
Thrifty tips for the garden:
Share seeds and seedlings with friends and neighbors.
Save kitchen scraps (coffee grinds, egg shells, vegetable cuttings) for compost.
Let some plants go to seed, so you can collect and save seed, or let them seed themselves.
Large, clear plastic containers that salad greens come in make good mini-greenhouses for starting plants
 both indoors and out. The "bottom" is the dome, and the lids become the base, catching runoff water.
Get your neighbors to split a load of bark mulch, soil, gravel or compost. You also save on delivery
 charges.
An inexpensive way to avoid over watering: use a five-gallon bucket that can be purchased for as little as
 50 cents. Drill a 1/8-inch hole in the side of the bucket near the bottom, fill it with water and let a gentle
 stream of water flow next to the plant that needs watering. You can also add fertilizer or other nutrients to
 the water in the bucket and have a controlled means of dispensing it.
Use an old garbage can to make into a compost bin.
If you qualify, use the Oregon Trail Card, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits,
 to buy seeds and starts.
Use clothes hangers for plant stakes.
Use popsicle sticks and larger rocks to mark what’s growing.
Use buckets, wastebaskets or milk cartons for planters but make sure to put holes in the bottom for
 drainage.
Choose seeds that are easy to grow and produce abundantly. Spinach, leaf lettuce, summer squash and
 carrots are good choices for new gardeners.
Learn to propagate plants using cuttings and pass along favorite plants to friends and family.
Buy a bolt of polypropylene mesh, called deer fencing. It’s perfect for discouraging pets, deer and other
 animals and can be used for many seasons.
Maintain equipment and learn how to sharpen and care for hand tools. They will last longer with proper
 care.
Repurposed materials such as windows or glass door panels can be used to make greenhouses or cold
 frames.
Maintain a compost bin to amend your garden beds and reduce the need for fertilizers.
Plant cover crops of legumes, such as fava beans or crimson clover, in empty beds over the winter to build
 your soil.
Plant intensively to make the best use of your available garden space. Rotate crops.
Plant fall/winter crops to produce fresh food year round.
Strips of plastic milk jugs make handy plant tags.
Place soda bottles filled with dark liquid near heat-loving plants in early spring to absorb heat during the
 day and re-radiate it at night.
Save branches pruned from lavender or rosemary plants in summer to make starts you can give away after
 they have grown roots.
Save branches pruned from fruit trees to stake bean or pea plants.
When light is limited, place a mirror behind plants for refracted light.
Expand limited garden space by planting potatoes in five-gallon buckets.
Thrifty and organic tool care: Use a drop of olive or vegetable oil to lubricate the joints of your metal cutting
 tools. Rub a little oil on the wooden handles of your tools. It will seal and protect them and prevent
 splinters.
Move heavy bags of potting soil or other heavy objects on an old skateboard.
To avoid over-fertilizing seedlings and young plants, save the water left over from steaming or boiling
 vegetables, transfer it to a clean spray bottle and spritz it on leaves once a week for a light foliar feeding .
                                                                        Source – OSU Master Gardener E-newsletter



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