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Factors Affecting Fitness

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					 Factors
Affecting
 Fitness
• How fit you are now depends upon several
  factors. None of them are under your
  control!!
• Factors that affect fitness are:
  –   Age and Sex
  –   Body composition
  –   Physique
  –   Diet
  –   Exercise
  –   Physical Disability
  –   Illness and fatigue
  –   Drug taking
  –   Stress
  –   The environment
Age
• You are usually at
    your fittest in you
    twenties.
•   At thirty your:
•   Muscles get weaker
•   Bones get lighter
•   Heart rate decreases
•   Joints get stiffer
•   Movements get
    slower.
•   Body fat increases.
Sex/Gender
• Up to about 11, males and females are equal in
    terms of general fitness.
•   Strength – Males grow 50% stronger due to
    muscle mass.
•   Cardiovascular Endurance – Males are better at
    transporting oxygen as they have larger lungs.
•   Bone Structure – Males are usually larger and
    heavier than females. They also have a narrower
    pelvis.
•   Speed – Because they have longer bones and
    bigger muscles, males can move faster.
•   Flexibility – Females score higher for flexibility.
    Females of all ages tend to be more flexible.
•   Body Composition- Females usually have more
    body fat than males.
Physique
           • Your build and
             shape makes you
             fitter for some
             sports than others.
           • A tall thin person is
             probably more
             suited to
             basketball than
             boxing.
Diet
• Your body needs
  certain substances
  for energy, growth
  and repair.
• You get them from
  food.
• If you don’t eat
  healthy then your
  body will not
  function properly.
Exercise
           • No matter how
             unfit you are,
             regular exercise
             will make you
             fitter.
           • Running and doing
             weights is not the
             only way.
           • Walking the dog,
             cycling, gardening,
             etc.
Physical Disability
• A disability means
  part of your body
  does not function
  properly.
• Exercise can keep
  the rest of the
  body very fit.
• Many disabled
  people are first
  class athletes.
  (Tanni Grey)
Illness and Fatigue
              • When you are tired
                or ill you are less
                fit for activity.
              • If you work too
                hard and do not
                have enough rest
                you can become ill.
Drug Taking
              • Alcohol, cigarettes
                and many other
                substances lower
                your fitness.
              • If you get caught
                for taking drugs in
                competition you
                get a large fine and
                a ban from your
                sport.
Stress
         • Exams, arguments,
           overwork, money
           problems – all
           these lead to
           stress.
         • Continual stress
           can lead to illness,
           causing high blood
           pressure and heart
           disease.
         • It is also linked to
           cancer.
The Environment
• Fumes from traffic and
  factories.
• The weather – hot,
  cold, humidity.
• At high altitude the air
  is thinner and you
  need to breathe
  harder to get enough
  oxygen.
• For all, you need time
  to adapt.

				
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