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Butterfly PLACES TO SEE W HA T IS A B U T T E R FL Y ? BUTTERFLY GARDENS Blowing Rocks Preserve Gardening Butterflies are members of the insect order Gumbo Limbo Nature Center Lepidoptera, a word that describes the presence Loxahatchee Wildlife Refuge of scales on their wings. It is derived from the Okeeheelee Nature Center Daggerwing Nature Center In Greek words lepis, for scale, and pteron, for wing. Butterflies, like other insects, have Mounts Botanical Garden segmented bodies divided into three major parts: NURSERIES THAT SELL head, thorax, and abdomen. Every butterfly has South Florida four stages to its life: egg, caterpillar (larva), BUTTERFLY PLANTS chrysalis (pupa), and adult. The time spent in Meadow Beauty Nursery-Lake Worth each stage varies with butterfly species. The 561/966-6848 gradual passage through the four stages is known Mesozoic Landscaping – Boynton Beach as metamormorphosis. The cycle begins as the 561/967-2630 adult female lays her eggs on the appropriate Abell’s Nursery- Lake Worth larval plant. 561/969-1138 Palmieri’s Nursery – West Palm Beach 561/683-9001 Giverny Gardens – Jupiter FOUR STAGES OF 561/575-0679 BUTTERFLY BOOKS METAMORPHOSIS Butterflies through Binoculars: A Field, Finding and Gardening Guide to Butterflies in Florida, by Jeffrey Glassberg, Marc Minno and John Calhoun Florida Butterfly Gardening, by Marc and Maria Minno Egg ORGANIZATIONS North American Butterfly Association (NABA)– ATALA CHAPTER To find out about meetings and field trips, call the butterfly hotline at 561/706-6732 or check out their web page at: http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabaac/index.html A Adult Larva beginner’s guide ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS to creating This brochure was created by the Florida Center your for Environmental Studies and the Atala Chapter of backyard the North American Butterfly Association. Cover butterfly garden Pupa Artwork: Atala Hairstreak lifecycle on Coontie by Leslie Smith WHAT IS A BUTTERFLY GARDEN? HOST PLANTS NECTAR PLANTS W here have all the butterflies gone? Few sights are more delightful than that of a butterfly flitting from flower to flower. But Butterflies must have plants on which to lay their eggs. Butterflies have evolved with the native Flowering nectar plants are the most important source of food and nourishment for adult plants of a particular ecosystem and, therefore, are butterflies. Nectar is a sweet, sugary substance sadly, butterflies have become all too rare in our “finicky” eaters. In fact, most butterflies will only produced by many flowers. The butterfly obtains rapidly changing environment. eat one type of plant making it very important to sugars from it that it needs for energy to survive Due in part to increasing environmental choose the correct plants for the butterflies that are and fly. awareness, more and more people are changing found in your area. Butterflies are equipped with a their home landscaping methods in order to highly sensitive sense of smell, which enables them Pentas (Red & Hot Pink esp.) attract and conserve butterflies. Reducing the to identify their larval food plants from great *Firebush distances. Some excellent larval food sources for use of pesticides and growing butterfly-friendly Hamelia patens plants are simple ways to invite butterflies to our area are listed below – many of these are your doorstep. Butterfly Gardening is a concept available in native varieties. If you choose an **Porterweed designed to attract butterflies through the exotic species, make sure that it is not listed as an Stachytarpheta spp. growing of two types of plants: food plants for “invasive” exotic. *Scorpionstail Heliotrope the caterpillars and nectar plants for the adults. Heliotropium angiospermum B U TTER FLY H O S T P LAN T Choosing the location for your garden is very Zebra Heliconian Ageratum spp. **Passionvine important. Butterflies are “sun-loving” — they Gulf Fritillary Passiflora spp. use their wings as solar panels, warming their *Blue Mistflower Julia Heliconian bodies so they can fly. Also, most butterfly Conoclinium coelestinum plants prefer full sun. Shrubs and trees will Monarch **Milkweed Golden Dewdrop provide the protection that butterflies need on Queen Asclepias spp. Duranta repens windy or rainy days, as well as providing a location for butterflies to roost at night. Polydamas Swallowtail Pipevine *Butterfly Sage Grouping plants with similar needs for mass Aristolochia spp. Cordia globosa effect to attract butterflies is also helpful. *Wild Coffee Black Swallowtail Parlsey, Fennel, Dill This brochure includes information on Psychotria nervosa the types of plants needed to Orange-barred Sulphur Cassia, *Senna and *Fiddlewood start a butterfly garden and Cloudless Sulphur *Chaemecrista spp. Citharexylum spinosum will introduce you to just a few Giant Swallowtail **Citrus Jatropha spp. of the species of butterflies Zebra **Lantana Palamedes Swallowtail *Red Bay that are found in south Heliconian L. involucrata or depressa Florida. Once you have an Florida’s State Butterfly **Plumbago Cassius Blue active butterfly garden, you Butterfly Bush may want to learn the butterflies you are seeing. *Coontie Buddleia spp. Atala Close-focusing binoculars and a good field guide *Native Plant are essential for this effort. *Native Plant **Native varieties available **Native varieties available
"Butterfly Gardening In South Florida"