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Butterfly Gardening In South Florida

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					                                                                                                                      Butterfly
                                                                     PLACES TO SEE
       W HA T IS A B U T T E R FL Y ?                              BUTTERFLY GARDENS
                                                                    Blowing Rocks Preserve

                                                                                                                      Gardening
Butterflies are members of the insect order                       Gumbo Limbo Nature Center
Lepidoptera, a word that describes the presence                   Loxahatchee Wildlife Refuge
of scales on their wings. It is derived from the                   Okeeheelee Nature Center
                                                                   Daggerwing Nature Center

                                                                                                                      In
Greek words lepis, for scale, and pteron, for
wing.     Butterflies, like other insects, have                    Mounts Botanical Garden
segmented bodies divided into three major parts:
                                                                  NURSERIES THAT SELL
head, thorax, and abdomen. Every butterfly has

                                                                                                                      South Florida
four stages to its life: egg, caterpillar (larva),                 BUTTERFLY PLANTS
chrysalis (pupa), and adult. The time spent in
                                                             Meadow Beauty Nursery-Lake Worth
each stage varies with butterfly species. The
                                                                        561/966-6848
gradual passage through the four stages is known           Mesozoic Landscaping – Boynton Beach
as metamormorphosis. The cycle begins as the                            561/967-2630
adult female lays her eggs on the appropriate                   Abell’s Nursery- Lake Worth
larval plant.                                                           561/969-1138
                                                            Palmieri’s Nursery – West Palm Beach
                                                                        561/683-9001
                                                                 Giverny Gardens – Jupiter

         FOUR STAGES OF                                                 561/575-0679
                                                                    BUTTERFLY BOOKS
         METAMORPHOSIS                               Butterflies through Binoculars: A Field, Finding and Gardening
                                                       Guide to Butterflies in Florida, by Jeffrey Glassberg, Marc
                                                                        Minno and John Calhoun
                                                         Florida Butterfly Gardening, by Marc and Maria Minno

                       Egg                                            ORGANIZATIONS
                                                       North American Butterfly Association (NABA)–
                                                                        ATALA CHAPTER
                                                          To find out about meetings and field trips,
                                                          call the butterfly hotline at 561/706-6732
                                                               or check out their web page at:
                                                      http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabaac/index.html                                              A
          Adult                     Larva                                                                                         beginner’s guide
                                                                  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                      to creating
                                                       This brochure was created by the Florida Center                                        your
                                                     for Environmental Studies and the Atala Chapter of                                   backyard
                                                      the North American Butterfly Association. Cover                             butterfly garden
                      Pupa                            Artwork: Atala Hairstreak lifecycle on Coontie by
                                                                        Leslie Smith
WHAT IS A BUTTERFLY GARDEN?                                           HOST PLANTS                                           NECTAR PLANTS

W       here have all the butterflies gone? Few
        sights are more delightful than that of a
butterfly flitting from flower to flower. But
                                                      Butterflies must have plants on which to lay their
                                                      eggs. Butterflies have evolved with the native
                                                                                                               Flowering nectar plants are the most important
                                                                                                               source of food and nourishment for adult
                                                      plants of a particular ecosystem and, therefore, are     butterflies. Nectar is a sweet, sugary substance
sadly, butterflies have become all too rare in our    “finicky” eaters. In fact, most butterflies will only    produced by many flowers. The butterfly obtains
rapidly changing environment.                         eat one type of plant making it very important to        sugars from it that it needs for energy to survive
Due in part to increasing environmental               choose the correct plants for the butterflies that are   and fly.
awareness, more and more people are changing          found in your area. Butterflies are equipped with a
their home landscaping methods in order to            highly sensitive sense of smell, which enables them              Pentas (Red & Hot Pink esp.)
attract and conserve butterflies. Reducing the        to identify their larval food plants from great
                                                                                                                                 *Firebush
                                                      distances. Some excellent larval food sources for
use of pesticides and growing butterfly-friendly                                                                              Hamelia patens
plants are simple ways to invite butterflies to       our area are listed below – many of these are
your doorstep. Butterfly Gardening is a concept       available in native varieties. If you choose an                          **Porterweed
designed to attract butterflies through the           exotic species, make sure that it is not listed as an                Stachytarpheta spp.
growing of two types of plants: food plants for       “invasive” exotic.
                                                                                                                         *Scorpionstail Heliotrope
the caterpillars and nectar plants for the adults.                                                                     Heliotropium angiospermum
                                                        B U TTER FLY                     H O S T P LAN T
Choosing the location for your garden is very          Zebra Heliconian                                                        Ageratum spp.
                                                                                            **Passionvine
important. Butterflies are “sun-loving” — they         Gulf Fritillary                     Passiflora spp.
use their wings as solar panels, warming their                                                                                *Blue Mistflower
                                                       Julia Heliconian
bodies so they can fly. Also, most butterfly                                                                             Conoclinium coelestinum
plants prefer full sun. Shrubs and trees will          Monarch                                **Milkweed                     Golden Dewdrop
provide the protection that butterflies need on        Queen                               Asclepias spp.                     Duranta repens
windy or rainy days, as well as providing a
location for butterflies to roost at night.            Polydamas Swallowtail                     Pipevine                     *Butterfly Sage
Grouping plants with similar needs for mass                                              Aristolochia spp.                    Cordia globosa
effect to attract butterflies is also helpful.                                                                                  *Wild Coffee
                                                       Black Swallowtail             Parlsey, Fennel, Dill
This brochure includes information on                                                                                       Psychotria nervosa
the types of plants needed to                          Orange-barred Sulphur         Cassia, *Senna and                         *Fiddlewood
start a butterfly garden and                           Cloudless Sulphur             *Chaemecrista spp.                   Citharexylum spinosum
will
introduce you to just a few                            Giant Swallowtail                          **Citrus                     Jatropha spp.
of the species of butterflies                 Zebra                                                                              **Lantana
                                                       Palamedes Swallowtail                    *Red Bay
that are found in south                  Heliconian                                                                     L. involucrata or depressa
Florida. Once you have an Florida’s State Butterfly                                           **Plumbago
                                                       Cassius Blue
active butterfly garden, you                                                                                                   Butterfly Bush
may want to learn the butterflies you are seeing.                                                *Coontie                      Buddleia spp.
                                                       Atala
Close-focusing binoculars and a good field guide                                                                               *Native Plant
are essential for this effort.                                          *Native Plant                                   **Native varieties available
                                                                 **Native varieties available

				
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