Housing for People with Disabilities A Policy and Program Update by lifemate


									Housing for People with
Mental Illness

Presentation to NAMI
        Andrew Sperling
        Ann O’Hara
        David Miller
        June 19, 2005
  Housing Needs
Housing Affordability

Priced Out in 2003-2004
 New Priced Out in 2003-2004 to be published in June
    Non-elderly people with disabilities are three times
     more likely to have incomes at or below 30% of AMI
     than households without disabilities
    In 2003, 51% of 1 person non-elderly disabled
     households in U.S. had incomes below 30 AMI
    In 2004, average 1 bedroom rents nationally still
     higher than SSI monthly income
 Key findings in Priced Out in 2002
    SSI income = 18% AMI
    Average 1 bedroom rent = 105% of SSI

SSI Income

            Median Income

     50 % of Median Income

     18 % of Median Income (SSI)

HUD Housing Needs Data

 HUD reports to Congress on “Worst Case”
  Housing Needs
      Paying more than 50% of income for housing
      Living in substandard housing
      Both conditions
 5 million households have “worst case” housing
 1.4 million are people with disabilities receiving
 People with disabilities more likely to have both
  “worst case” conditions
Housing Affordability and SSI

 Average rent = $600+
 SSI = $585
 30 percent of SSI = $175
 Monthly rent or operating subsidy is
  essential for people with SSI to obtain
  affordable housing

               Your Community’s
               Affordable Housing System

                                               United States Congress

                               U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Private Housing Providers                     Public Housing Authorities           State/Local Community Development Officials

Federal Assisted Housing                        Public Housing Units              HOME CDBG and McKinney Funds for Housing
Converting to "elderly only"                  Converting to "elderly only"             New $$ for Housing and Services

  Section 811 Housing                     Section 8 Certificates and Vouchers           HUD mandated Consolidated Plan
  New $$ for Housing                              New $$ for Housing                      Controls New $$ for Housing

Key Subsidy Programs

 Public and Assisted Housing (500,000 units are
  now “elderly only”)
 Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons
  with Disabilities Program
 Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program
 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance

Section 811 Program

Section 811

    Develops supportive housing through a
     capital advance component (30,000 units)
    Also provides a monthly project subsidy for
     these capital units through a “one-stop”
     application process
    Provides tenant-based rental assistance
     through the Section 8 Mainstream Voucher
     program (12,000 vouchers)

Administration’s 2006 Budget
Proposal for Section 811

 Cuts 811 funding by 50% (from $238 million to
    $120 million)
   No cuts in “companion” Section 202 Elderly
   Section 811 budget proposal would eliminate
    the housing development component of the
    program (compared to 1,030 units in 2005
   Proposal only funds renewal of PRACs and
    tenant based vouchers
   Any remaining ’06 funding would be for tenant
    based vouchers
Section 811 NAMI Position Paper

 Restore program funding to 2004 level of $249
 Maintain and improve the housing development
  component of Section 811
 Eliminate outdated bureaucratic requirements
  which restrict leveraging of other funds with
  Section 811 capital
 No expansion of the tenant based Mainstream
  voucher program because of serious mis-
  management issues at HUD
Section 8 Housing Choice
 Voucher Program

New Legislation Proposes to End
Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher
 S. 771 and H.R. 1999 (drafted by HUD) propose
  New Flexible Voucher Program proposed
 Proposal would cause seriously harm to people with
 New TAC study shows disproportionate impact of
  Flexible Voucher Program on people with disabilities
    FVP would end targeting of vouchers to people
     with disabilities at or below 30% of AMI
    Non-elderly people with disabilities are three
     times more likely to be at or below 30% of AMI
     than people without disabilities (ACS – 2003)
Summary of Flexible Voucher
 HCV currently targets 75% of vouchers to people at or
    below 30% of AMI – This targeting would be eliminated
   Expands voucher eligibility to households at 80% of
   PHA flexibility on priority activities – similar to a block
   Participants could be required to pay higher rents
   Disability-specific preferences would be permitted
   Eliminates valuable civil rights and programmatic
    protections for people with disabilities
   Eliminates 50,000 vouchers set-aside by Congress for
    people with disabilities affected by “elderly only”
Section 105 Protections

 Section 105 of bill (S. 771) appears to protect
  people with disabilities
 Allows current elderly and disabled voucher
  holders continue to receive assistance under
  current rules until January 1, 2009
 Allows PHAs to implement new rules for new
  voucher holders with disabilities before January
  1, 2009

Disability Vouchers
 62,000 vouchers set-aside for people with
      50,000 1 year vouchers funded from Section 8
      12,000 5 year vouchers funded from Section 811
        under the Mainstream Program
   Congress mandated that these vouchers continue
    to be provided to people with disabilities upon
   Many PHAs are not aware of these requirements
   HUD Notice issued February 1, 2005
   More information at www.tacinc.org
   Opening Doors Issue #25

Disability Vouchers

 Awarded primarily to PHAs between 1997-2001
 Includes:
      Section 8 vouchers in conjunction with “elderly
       only” public housing
      Section 8 vouchers in conjunction with “elderly
       only” HUD assisted housing
      Section 8 Mainstream vouchers (1 year contracts)
      Section 8 Mainstream vouchers (5 year contracts
       funded from Section 811)

HUD McKinney-Vento
Homeless Programs
 Programs only for people who are already homeless
       Shelter Plus Care
      Supportive Housing Program (SHP)
      Section 8 SRO Program
   Emphasis on paying for permanent housing rather than
   New emphasis on assisting chronically homeless people
   Samaritan Initiative will develop new permanent housing
    for people who are chronically homeless
   Definition: Unaccompanied adult who has been
    continuously homeless for more than 1 year or had at
    least 4 episodes of homelessness in the past 3 years

Other Important Housing
 Housing Planning
     HUD Consolidated Plan controls HOME
      and CDBG funding
     HUD Public Housing Agency Plan controls
      Section 8 and public housing funds
     Qualified Allocation Plan controls awards
      of Low Income Housing Tax Credits

What You Can Do
 State and local housing officials need to hear from you!
 Members of Congress need to hear from you!
 Educate yourself on affordable housing issues and
 Become a housing advocate in your community and your
 Organize disability advocates around a specific objective
       Section 811 budget
       Section 8 vouchers set-aside for people with disabilities
 Have a clear strategy and action steps
 Use TAC’s publications and website (www.tacinc.org)


To top