Housing for People with Disabilities A Policy and Program Update by lifemate

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									Housing for People with
Mental Illness

Presentation to NAMI
Convention
        Andrew Sperling
        Ann O’Hara
        David Miller
        June 19, 2005
  Housing Needs
       and
Housing Affordability



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Priced Out in 2003-2004
 New Priced Out in 2003-2004 to be published in June
  2005
    Non-elderly people with disabilities are three times
     more likely to have incomes at or below 30% of AMI
     than households without disabilities
    In 2003, 51% of 1 person non-elderly disabled
     households in U.S. had incomes below 30 AMI
    In 2004, average 1 bedroom rents nationally still
     higher than SSI monthly income
 Key findings in Priced Out in 2002
    SSI income = 18% AMI
    Average 1 bedroom rent = 105% of SSI




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SSI Income




            Median Income



     50 % of Median Income


     18 % of Median Income (SSI)


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HUD Housing Needs Data

 HUD reports to Congress on “Worst Case”
  Housing Needs
      Paying more than 50% of income for housing
      Living in substandard housing
      Both conditions
 5 million households have “worst case” housing
  needs
 1.4 million are people with disabilities receiving
  SSI
 People with disabilities more likely to have both
  “worst case” conditions
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Housing Affordability and SSI


 Average rent = $600+
 SSI = $585
 30 percent of SSI = $175
 Monthly rent or operating subsidy is
  essential for people with SSI to obtain
  affordable housing


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               Your Community’s
               Affordable Housing System

                                               United States Congress


                               U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)


Private Housing Providers                     Public Housing Authorities           State/Local Community Development Officials


Federal Assisted Housing                        Public Housing Units              HOME CDBG and McKinney Funds for Housing
Converting to "elderly only"                  Converting to "elderly only"             New $$ for Housing and Services


  Section 811 Housing                     Section 8 Certificates and Vouchers           HUD mandated Consolidated Plan
  New $$ for Housing                              New $$ for Housing                      Controls New $$ for Housing




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Key Subsidy Programs

 Public and Assisted Housing (500,000 units are
  now “elderly only”)
 Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons
  with Disabilities Program
 Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program
 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance
  Programs



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Section 811 Program



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Section 811

    Develops supportive housing through a
     capital advance component (30,000 units)
    Also provides a monthly project subsidy for
     these capital units through a “one-stop”
     application process
    Provides tenant-based rental assistance
     through the Section 8 Mainstream Voucher
     program (12,000 vouchers)


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Administration’s 2006 Budget
Proposal for Section 811

 Cuts 811 funding by 50% (from $238 million to
    $120 million)
   No cuts in “companion” Section 202 Elderly
    program
   Section 811 budget proposal would eliminate
    the housing development component of the
    program (compared to 1,030 units in 2005
    NOFA)
   Proposal only funds renewal of PRACs and
    tenant based vouchers
   Any remaining ’06 funding would be for tenant
    based vouchers
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Section 811 NAMI Position Paper


 Restore program funding to 2004 level of $249
  million
 Maintain and improve the housing development
  component of Section 811
 Eliminate outdated bureaucratic requirements
  which restrict leveraging of other funds with
  Section 811 capital
 No expansion of the tenant based Mainstream
  voucher program because of serious mis-
  management issues at HUD
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Section 8 Housing Choice
 Voucher Program




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New Legislation Proposes to End
Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher
Program
 S. 771 and H.R. 1999 (drafted by HUD) propose
  New Flexible Voucher Program proposed
 Proposal would cause seriously harm to people with
  disabilities
 New TAC study shows disproportionate impact of
  Flexible Voucher Program on people with disabilities
    FVP would end targeting of vouchers to people
     with disabilities at or below 30% of AMI
    Non-elderly people with disabilities are three
     times more likely to be at or below 30% of AMI
     than people without disabilities (ACS – 2003)
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Summary of Flexible Voucher
Proposal
 HCV currently targets 75% of vouchers to people at or
    below 30% of AMI – This targeting would be eliminated
   Expands voucher eligibility to households at 80% of
    AMI
   PHA flexibility on priority activities – similar to a block
    grant
   Participants could be required to pay higher rents
   Disability-specific preferences would be permitted
   Eliminates valuable civil rights and programmatic
    protections for people with disabilities
   Eliminates 50,000 vouchers set-aside by Congress for
    people with disabilities affected by “elderly only”
    designation
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Section 105 Protections


 Section 105 of bill (S. 771) appears to protect
  people with disabilities
 Allows current elderly and disabled voucher
  holders continue to receive assistance under
  current rules until January 1, 2009
 Allows PHAs to implement new rules for new
  voucher holders with disabilities before January
  1, 2009


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Disability Vouchers
 62,000 vouchers set-aside for people with
    disabilities
      50,000 1 year vouchers funded from Section 8
      12,000 5 year vouchers funded from Section 811
        under the Mainstream Program
   Congress mandated that these vouchers continue
    to be provided to people with disabilities upon
    turnover
   Many PHAs are not aware of these requirements
   HUD Notice issued February 1, 2005
   More information at www.tacinc.org
   Opening Doors Issue #25

                                                   17
Disability Vouchers

 Awarded primarily to PHAs between 1997-2001
 Includes:
      Section 8 vouchers in conjunction with “elderly
       only” public housing
      Section 8 vouchers in conjunction with “elderly
       only” HUD assisted housing
      Section 8 Mainstream vouchers (1 year contracts)
      Section 8 Mainstream vouchers (5 year contracts
       funded from Section 811)



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HUD McKinney-Vento
Homeless Programs
 Programs only for people who are already homeless
       Shelter Plus Care
      Supportive Housing Program (SHP)
      Section 8 SRO Program
   Emphasis on paying for permanent housing rather than
    services
   New emphasis on assisting chronically homeless people
   Samaritan Initiative will develop new permanent housing
    for people who are chronically homeless
   Definition: Unaccompanied adult who has been
    continuously homeless for more than 1 year or had at
    least 4 episodes of homelessness in the past 3 years


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Other Important Housing
Issues
 Housing Planning
     HUD Consolidated Plan controls HOME
      and CDBG funding
     HUD Public Housing Agency Plan controls
      Section 8 and public housing funds
     Qualified Allocation Plan controls awards
      of Low Income Housing Tax Credits



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What You Can Do
 State and local housing officials need to hear from you!
 Members of Congress need to hear from you!
 Educate yourself on affordable housing issues and
  programs
 Become a housing advocate in your community and your
  state
 Organize disability advocates around a specific objective
       Section 811 budget
       Section 8 vouchers set-aside for people with disabilities
 Have a clear strategy and action steps
 Use TAC’s publications and website (www.tacinc.org)



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