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					                                       Index
                 Plakun Trava: The Doukhobors (1982)
                             by Koozma J. Tarasoff. April 2000

Acculturation 158, 166, 197, 204, 217                Babakaiff, Steve Photo 224
Adams, Jane 35, 253                                  Baker, Nellie 82
Agassiz, B.C. 127-138                                Bakunin, Alexei I. 40
Agriculture 197. See also Community                  Bania. See Health
     Doukhobors. Photo 195, 231                      Barrett, Dave (Premier) 221
Akhalkalaki (Caucasus) 20, 25, 191, 199, 251-        Bashketchetskie settlement (Caucasus) 199
     252. Location map 15                                 composition 252
Alberta settlements                                       location map 15
     composition 251                                 Baskin, Max. Photo 143
Alexander I 5, 6, 10, 19, 29, 118                    Batum 25, 37, 39. Photo 40
Alexander II 12, 13, 14                              Baturin, Ivan 16
Alexander III 14, 21                                 Bayoff, M. [missing page #]
Alexandra Federovna, Empress 30                      Bell, Daniel 238
Alimkulov, Karilio 165                               Bellows, Hannah 82
Allen, William 8, 29                                 Bellows, John 30, 33
Ammeter, Fritz 151                                   Bellows, William 33, 45. Photo 55
Amur Doukhobors 12, 46, 191                          Benito, Manitoba 81, 113, 143
Amvrosius, Archbishop 3                              Bennett, R.B. 132, 150, 151
Anarchists 67, 31, 69, 71, 129, 131, 135. See        Bennett, W.A.C. 169. Photo 228
     also Zealots                                    Besedka 201
Anderson, Premier 151                                Bible 2, 3, 8, 201
Andrews, Geoffrey 170                                Bible Society 8
Androsov, Michael 26, 253                            Biryukov,Pavel (Paul) I. 29, 33, 77, 142, 144-
Anniversary, 50th & 70th in Canada 137, 169,              145, 253. Photos 30, 143, 148, 198
     184, 204, 211, 212, 214, 225, 228, 230.         Blacksmiths 55, 56, 70, 84
     Photo 212                                       Blaine Lake, Sask. 81, 84, 145, 156, 184, 222
Appledale, B.C. 166, 250                             Blakemore, William (and Blakemore
Archer, Herbert 67, 91, 253                               Commission) 104, 111, 117-122, 127, 253.
Armenians 11, 22, 25, 26, 140                             Photo 118
Arrowwood, Alberta 139, 251                          Bloodoff, Florence Photo 162
Arson 134, 157, 161, 164, 171, 179                   Bloodoff, Peter M. 163
     school destroyed by 128-129, 133                Bludoff, Peter S. 156
     Who is to blame? 129, 133-136, 138, 151,        Bodyansky, Alexander M. 60, 71-73, 131, 133,
     158, 166, 168, 170, 212, 214, 216                    253. Photo 89
     See also Bombing                                Bogdanovka (Caucasus) 22-24, 26, 191, 200,
Art and artists 224                                       206, 251-252. Map 15. Photo 208
Assiniboia 49, 249-250                               Bogdanovka (Milky Waters) 196, 251
     Location map (1903) 61                          Bogomils 2
Association of Canadians of Russian Descent          Bokov, Gregory 42
     (ACRD) 137-138, 161, 168, 170, 211-212,         Bombing 133, 136, 138, 168.
     216. Photo 210                                       train bombing 134
     See also Anniversary, 50th and 70th                  See also Arson
Athalassa 32, 33
Bonch-Bruevich, V.D. 45, 60, 67, 76-77, 142,       Canada-USSR Association 137, 170, 10, 216,
      177, 192, 206, 219, 220, 253. Photo 206           240
Bonderoff, Gordon J. Photo 188                          See also Communication
Bonderoff, Ivan G. (John) 145, 147, 253. Photo     Canadian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
      147                                               181-182
Bonner, Robert 133                                 Canadian Council of Christians and Jews
Book of Life (Zhivotnaia Kniga Dukhobortsev)            170, 183
      3, 8, 13, 16, 21, 182, 219                   Canadian Council of Women 66
      See also Russian                             Canadian Doukhobor Society
Boulanger, Paul 31                                      See also Union of Doukhobors of Canada
Bowing and kissing ritual                          Canadian Folk Society 188
      adoption of it 8                             Canadian Northern Railway 80
      rejection of it 76, 111                      Canadian Orders in Council
      use of bowing 139, 143                            1898: 36, 158
Bowser, William 123, 126                                1918: 116
Brandon, Manitoba 45, 50                                1919: 192, 128
Bread, salt, and water                                  1926: 128
      See Russian heritage                         Canadian Pacific Railway 34-37, 46, 49, 52, 59,
Bridges                                                 66, 81, 99, 104, 122, 134, 139
      built by Doukhobors 106, 128                 Canadian Peace Congress 216
      Photo 106                                    Canora, Sask. 148, 184
Brilliant, B.C. 102, 104, 106, 113, 117-118,       Carousa, Anna de 33, 45,67 Photo 33, 45
      123, 129, 136, 139, 143-144, 146, 154,       Cash, Edward L. 85
      159, 160-161, 163, 167-169, 200, 207, 210,   Castlegar, B.C. 136, 145, 188, 210, 220, 222,
      223, 250                                          227
      becomes administrative centre 152.           Catherine II (the Great) 3, 5
      Photo 120-121, 129                           Caucasus, Doukhobors in 5, 11, 29, 50, 71, 83-
British Columbia settlement (Community                  84, 142, 191-192, 196-197
      Doukhobors) 250-251                               composition 251-252
      how selected 99, 102                              See also Transcaucasia
      location 102                                 Cazakoff, Michael W. 113, 122, 142, 144, 151.
      settlement pattern 102, 104                       Photo 112, 143
      composition 250-251                          Census, government
      location map 105                                  See Vital statistics
      See also Waterloo. Community                 Champion Creek, B.C. (Blagadotnoe) 102, 250
      Doukhobors                                   Characteristics of Doukhobors 3, 12, 7-8, 10,
Broadview, Sask. 102                                    30, 34, 47, 57, 104, 117-118, 238, 240
Brock, Peter                                            of Community Doukhobors 144, 240
Brooks, Edmund W. 30                               Charne, Bill (Billy W. Chernoff) 223
Buchanan, Sask. 81, 145, 147                       Chernoff, Peter F. Photo 186
Bulgakov, Valentin F. 253.                         Chernoff, William W. Photo 183
      Photos 149, 206                              Cheveldave, Alex J. 151
Bulmer, J.T. 44                                    Chicago 49
Butte, Montana 99                                  Children, bringing up 8, 57, 82, 119, 163-164,
Cadbury, George 33                                      179, 182-183, 199, 232-233
Calgary, Alberta 223-224                                Photo 74, 235
Calgary Herald 128                                      Sunday school program 234
California settlements 72, 94, 99, 201, 203,            Photo playschool 232
      211, 251. location map 202                        See also Education
                                                   Childrens’ International Summer Villages 240


                                                                                                2
Chinese 50-51, 164                                   Travel (USSR-Canada) 201,205-207, 210.
Christian Community and Brotherhood of               Photo 208-209
     Reformed Doukhobors (Sons of Freedom)           Cold-war atmosphere 67, 204, 212, 216,
     174-175                                         233, 240
Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood         with “preferred stock: English, French,
     (CCUB) 64, 80, 139, 142-143, 166-167,           German” 47-48, 71, 93, 135. See also
     169, 184                                        Citizenship
     reorganization by P. P. Verigin 144-146         inter-group relations incl. prejudice 49-52,
     management of 146-147, 177                      66-67, 71, 117-118, 121-122, 136-137, 156,
     collapse of 150, 152-155, 158, 160              158, 168, 170-171, 174, 179, 203-204, 220-
     remaining monies from 169,172, 230              223, 240
     See also Community Doukhobors                   in-group communications 83, 140, 166,
Christian Martyrdom in Russia 29, 34                 170, 183-187, 190, 205, 225, 236
Churches 66, 82, 93                                  impression management 136, 169-170,
     Russian Orthodox 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 14, 136,       182, 184, 235
     178, 191, 214, 216, 238                         double meanings 143-144, 159
     United 174                                      slanderous literature 170, 175, 214
     reforms 1                                       misinformation (stereotypes) 240
     Catholic 3, 48                                  See also Kootenay Committee on Inter-
     Mohammedan 3, 11-12                             Group Relations
     opposition to formal 7-8, 47, 67, 76, 177,   Communist Party 200, 201
     186, 201, 205, 235, 237                      Community centres
     religion 32                                     initiated by P. P. Verigin 145
     Baptist 48, 174                                 USCC: 162-163, 168, 185, 207, 210, 216,
     Greek Orthodox 174                              223. Photo 233
     Unitarian 188                                   historic in Verigin, Sask. 212
     Evangelical Christian 220                       See also Social organization, Villages
Chutskoff, George P. 150                          Community Doukhobors 84, 86, 89, 139,141,
Chutskoff, William 184                               147, 159, 167, 177, 186, 192, 217
Chutskov, Vasili M. 200, 206, 212                    community enterprise 55, 80-81, 94, 126-
     Photo 212                                       127. Photo 115, 120-121, 124-125
Citizenship, Canadian 47, 71, 73, 80, 85-87,         land purchase 80
     135, 158, 186, 238                              related to Large Party 76
     policy of assimilation 93, 117                  Doukhobor Trading Company 80
     “model free enterprise citizens” 93             statistics on community holdings for 1906:
Clarke, Beulah 117                                   86
Class system 50, 59, 71, 212                         refused to sign for land 93
Cleeton, Alfred J. 136                               movement to B.C. Photo 101
Climate                                              jam factory (K-C Brand) and fruit-growing
     dissatisfaction with 73, 93-94                  106, 152,167. Photo 108-109, 120-121
Clothing styles 44, 77, 79, 111-112, 169, 206,       sawmills 106, 153
     225-226, 236                                    agriculture 112-113, 115-116, 152, 195
Collective farm (Soviet kolkhoz) 8, 192,199-         economy 110, 112-113, 116, 127-129, 140
     200                                             (loans), 144, 148, 150
     Collectivization, opposition to 192, 196-       reforms 110-111, 144, 234
     197, 200, 238                                   expulsion from 112, 132-133
Communications 67, 205, 222                          See also Social organization.
     East-West linkage 137, 169, 179, 201,           CCUB incorporated 113, 128
     204. See also Canada-USSR Association           education and 119, 121-123, 128-129, 130.
                                                     See also Education


                                                                                               3
     registration and 119, 121                      Disciplinary battalion 21, 25-26
     See also Vital Statistics                           See also Pacifism
     Nude threat 123                                Dorrofu, John 204
     Depredations to 133-134, 138, 166, 168,        Doukhobor Consultative Committee
     170.                                                See Hawthorn Commission
     See also Arson and Zealots.                    Doukhobor Cultural Association 188
     See also Christian Community of                Doukhobor Inquirer
     Universal Brotherhood (CCUB); Union of              See The Inquirer
     Spiritual Communities of Christ (USCC);        Doukhobor Research Committee
     and B.C. settlement                                 See Hawthorn Commission
Community Regulation Act (B.C.) 123, 126,           Doukhobor Society of Canada.
     128-129, 134-135                                    See Union of Doukhobors of Canada
     seizure of community property 128-129          Drama 145, 184, 188, 223-224
Concerts                                            Drinking
     See Festivals                                       ban on liquor 27, 60, 177
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. 157                 addiction of Peter P. Verigin 148, 151, 154
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF)          Dubienski, B.C. 151
     156, 178, 184                                  Duck Lake Colony.
Co-operative enterprises 67, 117, 166, 168,              See Prince Albert Colony 250
     178,191                                        Dunwoody, W.R. 128
     Sunshine Valley Cooperative 168, 212           Edmonton, Alberta 35, 99, 224
     Toil and Peace Cooperative 192                 Education
     See also Mir system and Community                   attitude to by Community Doukhobors
     Doukhobors                                          117-118, 142, 144-145, 147, 153
Coser, Lewis 236                                         opposed national anthem 147
Cossacks                                                 formal schooling 35, 66, 83, 117, 139,
     Doukhobors among 2-3                                160, 169, 172, 194, 188, 199
Cowan, Manitoba 51-52, 56, 59                            Photo 82
     at Dominion Land Office 51                          administration under Sask. 119,130
Cowley, Alberta 143, 146                                 administration under B.C. 117, 123, 126-
     composition of settlement 251                       128, 139, 165-166, 172
     Photo 113                                           Soviet 200
Crescent Valley, B.C. 179, 250-251                       extra curricular schooling 145, 163, 169,
Creston, B.C. 99, 250                                    184, 105, 233
Crerar, John S. 80                                       adult 183-185, 187
Crosby, Ernest H. 35, 48, 253                            higher 203-204, 227
Cyprus and Cyprus Doukhobors 32-35, 54, 59,              first university graduate 83, 176
     64, 67, 76                                          heritage language in 119-120, 130, 142,
Dana, Sask. 182                                          162, 164-166, 169, 172, 179, 182, 205, 233
Dancing. See recreation                                  zealots and. See Zealots
Daniels, E.G. 128-129                                    curriculum 237
Deacove, Jim 236                                         bursaries for 188
Denisoff, Nick 221                                       See also Saskatoon Doukhobor Student
Death                                                    Group, Children, bringing up
     burial practices 17, 20, 121, 139, 154, 159,   Einstein, Albert 150
     160, 199, 200-201, 219, 226. Photo 140         Ekaterinburg 4
Declaration                                         Ekaterinoslav 2-5, 8-9
     See Named Doukhobor Society                    Elections
Devil’s Lake, Sask. 35                                   See Voting
Diefenbaker, John 133, 180                          Elizabeth, Queen 169


                                                                                                  4
Elizavetpol (Caucasus) and Elizavetapol            Fofonoff, Nikola 64
      Doukhobors 11, 13, 21-22, 25, 45, 54, 59,    Folkways 223
      64, 139, 191                                      outmoded 187
      composition 252                                   study of 217-236
      location map 15                              Food and eating habits 226
Elkinton, David 212                                     vegetarianism 27, 56, 94, 153, 169, 177,
Elkinton, Joseph S. (Sr.) 35, 44, 54, 253               226
      Photo 54                                          traditional dishes 50, 163, 226
Elkinton, Joseph S. (Jr.) 66, 71, 73                    Photo 226
Embury, Judge 151                                       basic pioneer/survival 50, 56-58
Empress Maria, Dowager 31                               Russian brick oven 106
England 223-224                                    Fort William, Ontario 94
English                                            Free Age Press 29
      See Communications and Multiculturalism           See also Tolstoyan Colony
Entertainment 219-224                              Friends, Society of
      Soviet artists 210, 216. Photo 211                See Quakers
      Western 51-52. Photo 210                     Frolov, G.N. 210
Epp, Frank H. 182                                  Fry, J.S. [missing page #]
Esouloff, Evelyn                                   Fund, Doukhobor (Bonus Fund, Trust Fund) 32,
      Photo 162                                         36, 51, 60, 64, 67, 76, 80
Eugene,Oregon                                      Fusion (cohesion, unity, unification) 64, 79,
Evalenko, A.                                            119, 141, 143, 144, 147, 151-152, 159,
Evans, William 39, 44, 138, 167-168                     170, 178, 179, 180-188, 190, 205, 210,
Ewashen, Larry A. 214, 223                              216, 225, 236. Photo 178
Fahrni, Mildred 162                                Future forecasting 237-240
Faminow, Peter S. 182, 184, 203, 253               Galicians 35, 47-48, 66, 85, 93
      Photo 186                                    Gandhi, M.K. 32, 135, 184
Fast, Hermann                                      Garrison, William Lloyd 69
Federal Bureau of Investigation 214-215            Georgians 22, 140
Federation of Russian Canadians 188, 211, 216      Gidley, Job S. 44
Fellowship of Reconciliation 162, 180, 182,        Gilpin, B.C. 166, 172, 250
      240                                          Glade, B.C. (Pladarodnoe) 102, 250. Photo
Festivals / Concerts                                    167
      Union of Youth 162-163, 174, 188, 222-       Golos Rodini 206
      223, 225. Photo 225                          Golubova, Anastasia (Anastasia Holoboff) 80,
      Children’s Festivals 163. Photo 163               83, 88, 113, 139, 253
      Concerts 188                                      Photos 83, 89, 91, 95, 142
      Vancouver Folk Festivals 216                 Good Spirit Lake Annex
      Up With People 223                                35, 55, 66, 71, 82, 85 , 113, 147, 184, 186
      See also Entertainment                            composition 250
Fillipov, Danilov 3                                     See also Devil’s Lake and South Colony
Films on Doukhobors                                Gorbunov-Posadov, Ivan I. 29. Photo 30
      Thorny Road 184                              Gorelovka (Caucasus) 11, 13-14, 16, 20, 22, 24,
      In Search of Utopia 214, 224                      150, 201, 251-252
Finland, Doukhobors in 2-3, 5                           location map 15
Fisher, Claude Laing 99                                 Photo 214
Fission (schism, splits) 16-17, 20, 27, 59, 66-    Gorelovka (Milky Waters) 3, 5, 197, 199, 200,
      67, 76-77, 83, 84, 93, 119, 136, 138, 140,        252
      143, 175, 179, 187, 191, 201, 214, 216            See also Goreloe
Fitz-Gibbon, May 57                                Gorky, Maxim 204


                                                                                                 5
Government                                          Holt, Simma 133
     attitude to (rejection of authority) 32, 69,   Homestead Act (Regulations and Land),
     77, 152-153, 185,192, 197, 199, 237-238             Canadian 3736-37, 69, 71-73, 76, 80, 85,
Government commissions                                   93, 127, 177
     Milky Waters 5, 10                                  Hamlet clause 36-37, 72
     See also Blakemore Commission (1912)                opposition to Homestead entry 72
     See also Sullivan Commission (1947)                 registration process 79-80
     See also Hawthorn Commission (1950-                 agitation by squatters 82
     1952)                                               cancellation of homesteads 93
     See also Lord Commission (1955-1959)                reserves discontinued 116
Grand Forks, B.C. 102, 104, 106, 117-118, 121,      Hoodekoff, Larry 223
     123, 127, 138, 144, 146, 161, 165, 167-        Hope, B.C. 138
     168, 170, 174, 179, 184-185, 190, 204-205,     Horkoff, Winnifred W. Photo 186
     210-212, 222-223, 228, 251-252                 Housing
Grellet, Stephen 29                                      type of 12
Gritchen, Alex J. 207. Photo 227                         architecture 12, 55, 70, 228
Gritchen, Mike 204                                       Photo 194-195, 229
Gritchen, Peter M. 223, 228. Photo 186, 219              village plan 107
Grosse Isle, Quebec 46                                   temporary dwellings 51
Gubanov, Michael V. 12, 16-17, 46                        Photos 50-51, 103
Gulley, Emmett 171-172, 174                              permanent dwellings 55
Gundorov, Alexander S. 205                               plastering houses. See women
Hackney, Joseph M. (Senator) 148-151                     B.C. double houses 106, 109
Halifax, Nova Scotia 42, 44, 150                         Plan 107. Photo 108, 115
Hancheroff, Wasya. Photo 147                        Howells, William Dean 35, 253
Handicrafts 226-230                                 Hudson’s Bay Company 35, 49
     inborn aptitude 226                            Hutterites 48
     knitting socks 226                                  disenfranchised from voting 128
     rugs                                           Ideology 2, 26, 131, 178, 184-185, 205, 234-
     woodwork, carvings 50 Photo 221                     235, 237
     spinning yarn Photo 226                             as Christian anarchists (natural goodness of
     making clothes Photo 74                             man) 3, 8, 26-27, 67, 71
Harley, Hugh 51, 80                                      God is in everyone (inner light; God is
Harvey, William B. 66, 126                               love; spirit of love) 6, 7, 69, 147, 152, 177,
Hate literature                                          186, 234
     See RCMP and Communications                         oppose formalism of church 7-8, 26, 47,
Hawaii 32                                                177, 185-186, 199, 235-236
Hawthorn, Harry B.Commission 134, 170-172,               war is wrong 8, 31, 47, 118, 147, 152,
     174                                                 155-156, 162, 177, 180-182, 201, 234, 236.
Haxthausen, August von 6                                 See also Pacifism
Health 230-231                                           equalitarianism 8, 13, 24, 67, 69, 76,
     healing practices 231                               111,133, 177, 224
     bania 55, 109. Photo 74                             cannot serve two masters 25-27, 69, 71,
Herbison, Hugh 171                                       142, 152,159, 177, 185
Hilkov, Prince D.A. 33-36, 42, 44, 67, 253               See also Oath of allegiance
     Photo 33                                            vegetarianism (a later directive) 26-27
Hilliers, B.C. 263                                       cooperative and communal pattern (a
Hiryakova, E.D. 45                                       rejection of private exploitative enterprise)
Historic site, Saskatchewan (Petrofka) 176,              46, 69, 71, 79, 117, 131, 166, 185, 233
     199, 206                                            internationalist 47


                                                                                                     6
      clash of values 67, 73,80, 94, 116, 170,    Kalmykov, Illarion V. 11, 253
      235, 238                                    Kalmykov, Peter I. 11, 13, 17, 253
      path of honest labour 118                   Kalmykov, Vasily S. 10-11, 253
      attack on materialism 144                   Kalmykova, Lukeria V. (Lushechka) 13, 16-17,
Idolatry, opposition to 133, 144                       21, 27, 79-80, 147, 201, 253
Ikonobors                                              Photo 14
Images of Doukhobors                              Kamloops, B.C. 172
      by news media 35, 47-48, 82, 117, 133,      Kamsack, Sask. 81, 156, 184, 196, 210-211,
      135, 158, 183, 237, 240                          214, 250
      by politicians 47                           Kanadskii Gudok 151
      by writers 57                               Kanigan, Emelian 64
      by ranchers 66                              Kapustin, Savely 5-8, 10, 16, 20, 40, 79, 111,
      by government officials 77, 121, 212             253
      by others 136                               Kars (Caucasus) and Kars Doukhobors 13, 21-
      See also Communications                          22, 25-26, 45-46, 54, 59-60, 64, 83, 191
Immigration halls                                      composition 252
      Winnipeg 50                                      location map 15
      Selkirk      50                                  Photo of Kars Doukhobors in Canada 56
      Dauphin 50                                  Kazakov, John N. 203
      Yorkton 50                                  Kazakoff, Lucy 165
      Prince Albert 50                            Kelvingon, Saskatchewan
Independent Doukhobors, Society of 70-71, 76-     Kenworthy, John C. 253
      77, 79, 83-84, 111, 116, 119, 130, 132,     Kharkov 2, 5
      139, 143-144, 147-148, 151-152, 155-156,    Khlysty . [missing page
      174, 176-177, 234                           #]
      signed for land, affirmed oath 93           Khrushchev, Nikita S. 199
      statistics on Independent holdings (1906)   King, Mackenzie 158
      86                                          Kingdom of God is Within You 30, 67
      “the independent type” 177, 201             Klibanov, Alexander I. 46, 191, 200, 207, 253.
      See also Union of Doukhobors of Canada           Photo 207
Indians and Metis (Canadian) 48-49, 72, 85, 99,   Koftinow, William 204
      212                                         Kola 26
Inquirer, The xv, 183. Photo 183                  Kolesnikoff, Anton 174
International Doukhobor Intergroup Symposium      Kolesnikoff, Jim D. 162, 165, 188, 222
      264                                              Photo 162, 186
Iskra 136, 138, 161 164-165, 168-169, 183-184,    Kolesnikoff, Nina 188
      187-188, 206                                Kolesnikoff, Sylvan 2-3, 253
Ivin, Ivan V. 33, 35                              Konken, Frank and Ruby 223
Izumchenko, Nikola T. 69                          Konkin, Ivan E. 26, 46, 84, 88, 253
Japanese 130, 156, 171, 204, 240                       Photo 26, 87,111
Jesus Christ 1, 2, 8                              Konkin, Luba Photo 226
Joint Doukhobor Research Symposium                Konshin, Alexander N. 67, 254. Photo 55-56
      Committee 183-184, 188                      Koochin, William 224
      Photo 183                                   Kootenay Committee on Inter-Group Relations
Jones, Richard D. 163                                  170
Jumpers.                                               See also Communications
      See Molokans                                Kootenay Doukhobor Historical Society 169,
Kalesnikoff, Peter 186                                 227. Photos 228
Kalmakoff, Nick N.                                Kootnikoff, Harry
      Photo 184-185                               Kootnekoff, John 190. Photo 189


                                                                                               7
Kootnekoff, William E. 220. Photo 218, 224       Lenin, Vladimir I. 191-192, 196-197
Kosygin, Premier 169, 212                        Lethbridge, Alberta 113
Kotelnikov, Andrei (Peter P. Verigin’s cousin)   Libraries, Doukhobor 145, 164, 168-169
     142. Photo 141                              Lifestyles 170, 225, 238, 240
Kotelnikova, Evdokia G. (Peter V. Verigin’s           individual 13, 54, 59, 64, 77, 84, 168-169
     divorced wife, Dunia) 16-17, 83, 140,            communal 17, 36, 47, 50, 54, 59-60, 64,
     143,159. Photo 16, 148                           67, 69, 71-72, 77, 81, 84, 104, 110, 146,
Kravchinsky, S.M. (Sergei Stepniak, pseud.) 2         166, 168-170, 192, 197
Krestova, B.C. 136, 138, 166-167, 172, 174-           redistribution 26
     175                                              ownership issue 72-73, 159, 166-169, 178-
Kropinskii, Count                                     179, 185
Kropotkin, Peter A. 29, 31-32, 34, 36, 254            individualism as a threat 110
Kruglak, Voldemar T. 254                              government preference 80, 84-86
Kurds 11                                              communal, advantage of 104
Kylemore, Sask. 113, 146                              communal abuses of 110
     composition of settlement 250                    changes in 234
     Photo 114                                        See also Social organization
Landis, Hiram 102                                Livestock
Land loss (1907) 67, 76, 85-94, 122, 152, 177         horses 113
     “a breach of faith” 91                           cattle 113
     legacy of 131, 135, 166                     Living Book, The
     Photos, land rush 92-93                          See Book of Life
     See also Homestead Act                      Lopukhin, P.V. Senator 5
Land loss (1938) 135-136, 148, 152, 166, 172,    Lord, Arthur E. 166
     216, 238                                    Lord Commission 166-167
Land Settlement Board 152, 166-167               Lordly Christian Community of Universal
Langeron, L.A.                                        Brotherhood
Langham, Sask. 81, 84                                 See Anastasia Golubova
Lapshinoff, Vasya 203                            Love, T.A. 158
Large Party 17, 20-22, 25-26, 69 76              Lucas, Michael 210
     See also Community Doukhobors               Lundbreck, Alberta 251. Photo 113-114
Larnaka, Cyprus 33, 45                           Lyons, John 130
Laurier, Sir Wilfred 46, 48 89, 91-92            McBride, Sir Robert 117, 121
     hostile to Doukhobors 92                    McCreary, W.F. 91
Laveroff, Fred (Postnikoff) 224                  McDougall, Rev. John 48, 85, 87, 91-92, 104,
Lawlor’s Island 44                                    254. Photo 86
Leadership                                       McVey, John 51
     See Social organization                     Maber, Samuel 85, 126
Lebedev, Matvey V. 21, 25-26. Photo 25           Macdonald, Sir John A. 49
Lebedoff, John L. 136, 175                       MacKenzie, Norman A.M. 171
Lebedoff, Walter J. 161, 254. Photo 183          Mahonin, John I. (Ivan Ivanovich) 184
Legal system (action) 17, 20, 69, 71, 203, 212        Photo 228
     court system 67, 121, 135-136, 138, 151,    Mahonin, Vasili I. 147. Photo 147
     170                                         Mail and Empire (Toronto) 47
     Criminal Code amendments 132, 150, 172      Makaev, Larion 147
     deportation attempt 150-151                 Makaroff, Gregory 83
     See also Evans, William (Magistrate)        Makaroff, Peter G. 83, 142, 151, 156, 177, 181,
Legebokoff, George G. 211. Photo 210                  184, 212, 154. Photo 143, 150, 176, 182
Legebokoff, Peter P. 169, 228, 254               Makaroff, Robert 156
     Photo 169                                   Makhortov, Alex 82


                                                                                              8
Makhortov, Ivan F. 14, 20, 42, 42, 88, 254              mechanism for alternative action 73, 88,
     Photo 88-89, 91                                    123
Malayev, Vladimir M. 212                                to Caucasia 10-11
Malloff, Steve J. 164-165                               to Rostov-on-the-Don 140, 154, 160, 196.
Maloff, Cecil Photo 182                                 Photo 196
Maloff, Nikola 203                                      across Canada map 38
Maloff, John J. 159                                     to Canada 31-32
Maloff, Peter N. 88, 178, 203, 206, 212, 254.           to British Columbia. Map 100, Photo 101
     Photo 179                                          settlement agreement, Milky Waters 5
Manchuria 32                                            settlement agreement, Caucasus 11-12
Manitoba Free Press 47                                  settlement agreement, Canada 31, 34-36,
Manson, Judge A.M. 134                                  72
Manteca, California 251                                 settlement agreement, Salsk (Rostov-on-
     Manteca Russian Colony 204                         the-Don) 140, 192, 196. Photo 194
     Peaceful Progressive Society 204                   to California 72, 201
     See also USA Settlements                           mini migration in Saskatchewan (1906) 84
Markov, Ivan V. 199. Photo 154                          settlement arrangements, Cyprus 33
Markova, Anna P. (John J. Verigin’s mother)             Mexican scheme 148-149, 151
     140, l54, 160, 168, 198-199, 200, 206, 254.        delegation to Berlin 150
     Photo 254, 193, 199-201                       Mikhailovka village (North Colony) 51-52, 56-
Marriage 41-42, 71-72, 119, 147, 217-218, 226,          57, 249
     236                                           Milky Waters (Molochnye Vody) 5-6, 810, 192
     man-woman relationship 217-218                     composition 251
     intermarriage 178, 185, 187, 199                   map 4
     punishment for wife beating 13                Miller, A.E. 126, 128
     registration and recognition of 167, 169,     Minnedosa, Manitoba 76
     172                                           Mir
Masloff, Bill 167                                       See Villages
Maude, Aylmer 12, 33-34, 36-37, 67, 71, 91,        Mir Publication Society 187-188, 190, 223
     254                                           Mitchner, Roland (Governor General) 221
Mavor, James 32, 34-36, 55, 67, 89-92, 127-128     Mokrye Gory 251
Mavor Moore, Frances W. 34, 36                          See Wet Mountains
Mawer, R.J. 171                                    Molochnye Vody 252
Maxim Gorky Russian Workers’ Club 211                   See Milky Waters
Mead, F.J. 171, 174                                Molokans 2-3, 5, 8, 10, 99, 163, 184, 196-197,
Media                                                   201, 203-204, 222, 233
     See Images of Doukhobors                      Montizambert, Dr. 42
Meighen, Arthur 128, 177                           Moojelsky, William
Melitopol 191, 196                                 Montreal 169, 214, 224
Mellish, Justice 151                               Moose Jaw 49
Mennonites 5, 7, 32, 36, 47 49, 64, 77, 86, 182,   Morland, Helen 82
     238, 240                                      Morozoff, Nick 142. Photo 176
     disenfranchised from voting 128               Moscow 1, 77, 191, 206-207, 210, 216, 224
     map of settlements in Russia 9                Mountainview Doukhobor Museum 228
Mercer, Dr. 42, 45. Photo 46, 56                   Multiculturalism 48, 130, 165, 186, 205, 212,
Merkulov, Alexander I. Photo 207                        216, 233, 236, 240
Mexico 148-150                                     Museums.
Middle Party 46, 76, 83                                 See Kootenay Doukhobor Historical
Migration 148, 159, 164, 166, 168, 170, 174-            Society. Mountainview Doukhobor
     175, 179, 191-192, 196-197


                                                                                                9
     Museum. National Doukhobor Heritage           Old Believers / Old Ritualists 1, 10, 192, 196
     Village. Historic Site                        Oliver, Frank 82, 84-87, 88-89, 93, 254
Muste, A.J. 181. Photo 182                              Photo 86
Nakashidze, Governor 22, 24, 254                   Oliver, John 128
Named Doukhobors, Society of 147, 151-152,         Olympics (Moscow) 206. Photo 215
     156, 178                                      Ooteshenie, B.C. 102, 104, 117, 153, 167-169,
     Declaration of 152, 160, 168, 178, 185             250
Nash, C. Nolton 181                                     origin 102
National Doukhobor Heritage Village 169, 172,      Operation Dismantle 239, 240
     228, 230, 250                                 Orcadia, Sask. 94
National Trust 152                                 Origin of Doukhobors 2, 29, 31
Neave, James 30                                         name 3
Nelson, B.C. 94,99, 102, 113, 143, 157, 158-            location map 4
     159, 210                                      Oregon settlement, USA 94, 201, 203-204, 251,
Nelson Daily News 167, 206                              location map 202
Nevokshonoff, John K. Photo 186                    Orgkomsekt (Soviet Settlement Commission)
New Denver, B.C. 130, 135, 172, 182                     292, 196
     Photos of children 173                        Orlovka village (Caucasus) 21-22, 140, 154,
New Israelites 196                                      160, 200-201, 252
New York 196, 224                                       Photo of plateau near 23, 239
Ney, Philipi 148                                   Orphan’s Home
Nicholas I 10-12, 42                                    See Sirotskii Dom
Nicholas II 21, 27                                 Ospinsky, Prince 24
Nikon, Patriarch 1                                 Otchizhna 206
North Colony (Thunder Hill Colony or Swan          Otradnoe village (South Colony) 79- 80, 133,
     River Colony) 35, 51-52 ,55, 58-59-60, 64,         250
     73, 76, 81, 93                                     See also Poterpershie
     origin of settlers 54                              Photo 81, 97-98
     composition 249-250                           Ottawa, Ontario 142, 34-35
     village plan 62                                    Photo, Ottawa Doukhobors 234
North West Mounted Police 49                       Ownership
     See also Royal Canadian Mounted Police             See Lifestyle
Northwest Territories 49                           Pacifism (nonviolence) 20, 25-27, 67, 71, 133,
Novitsky, Orest M. 7, 10, 254                           135, 147, 176, 200, 211, 235-236
Novoe Russkoe Slovo . [missing page #]                  refusal to bear arms (or take part in
Nudity                                                  militarism) 3, 8, 21, 24, 26, 47-48, 127,
     See Zealots.Legal system                           144, 155-157, 177, 179-180, 192,196
Oath of allegiance 21, 26-27, 37, 39, 67, 71-73,        burning of firearms 12, 21-23, 25, 27-28,
     77, 89, 91, 104                                    32, 94, 142, 145, 169, 201, 206, 212, 220,
     Citizenship, Canadian requirement 37, 86-          226, 234, 238. Artistic recreation 23
     87                                                 Peace Day gatherings (Petrov Dien) 147,
     affirmation, instead of 77, 80, 86, 93, 177        152,182, 225, 230, 248. Photo 180, 231
     See also Ideology                                  Order-in-Council (Dec. 6, 1898) 36, 119-
Obdorsk 40, 69                                          121, 155, 158, 177, 179, 238
Obedkov, Vasily 26, 73. Photo 26                        alternative service 13-14, 27, 155-157,
Obshchestva Rodina                                      185. Photo 127
     See Rodina Society                                 payment to the Red Cross 127, 155
Oglow, Peter T. Photo 222                               rejection of war tax 25, 28
Okhochem village 2                                      returned soldiers reaction to 127-128, 158
Okulevich, Grigoriy R. 211


                                                                                               10
     Conference of Peace Through Non-           Politics and politicians 35, 47, 72, 85, 93,117,
     Violence 180                                     128, 152, 158, 172
     World Conference of Religious Workers      Popoff, Anton S. 203
     for Peace 207                              Popoff, Eli A. 161, 169, 206, 212, 255. Photo
     Peace manifestations 181-182, 184, 204.          268, 186, 218
     Photo 181                                  Popoff, Jim E. 190, 206. Photo 188
     exemptions from military service (USSR)    Popoff, John A. 156, 178, 255. Photo 184
     192, 200                                   Popoff, John and Tina 223
     See also Disciplinary battalion            Popoff, Nikita M. Photo 143, 147, 203
Panomarov 73                                    Popoff, Peter G. Photo 162
Papove, William N. 166, 182, 184, 254           Popoff, Peter J. Photo 182-183
     Photo 186                                  Popoff, Vasya 44, 50, 147
Pass Creek, B.C. (Lugovoe) 102, 168, 210, 251   Population statistics 191
Patrick, J.M. 151                               Potapoff, Vasily 59-60
Peacock, Kenneth 220, 254                       Poterpevshie (South Colony) 79, 250
Pelly, Sask. 81, 196                                  See Otradnoe
Penton, James 136                               Porakishvili, Z.I. 201
Perehudoff, Bill 224                            Porto Rico, B.C. 102, 113
Pereversoff, Philip 134                         Pozdnyakov, Vasya N. 12,17, 24-26, 40, 84,
Pergamo, Cyprus 32-33                                 255
Perry’s Siding, B.C. 167-168, 251               Pozdniakova, Florence E. 175
Peshcheri (caves) 21, 193, 206. Photo 22        Praga, Captain 22-24
Peter the Great 1-2, 29                         Pravda 192
Petko, Steve N. 164. Photo 164                  Prince Albert, Sask. 49, 92-93, 150, 155-156
Petroff, Stanley 221                            Prince Albert Colony (Saskatchewan Colony or
Petrovka village, Sask. 83                            Duck Lake Colony) 36, 55, 64, 81-82, 84,
Petrovka village (Rostov-on-Don) 252. Photo           86, 93
     194                                              origin of settlers 54
Philip, Prince 220                                    composition 250
Piers Island, B.C. 135, 150                           village plan 63
     Photos of children 173                     Princeton, B.C.
     See also Zealots                           Prishib (Milky Waters region) 192, 251
Pilgrimages (treks)                             Prison
     1902 trek 73, 76-77, 79-80                       zealots in 82, 94, 131-135, 138, 150, 171,
     Photo 77                                         174
     1903 trek 131                                    failure of 119-120
     1907 trek 94                                     death in 131
     1962 trek 138                                    Peter P. Verigin in 150-151
     map (1902, 1903, 1907, 1962) 78                  CO’s in 155-158
     See also Zealots                                 Photo of CO’s in jail 157
Pilgrim Fathers 42                                    Doukhobors in 197, 199-201, 236
Pinkerton, Robert 8                                   See also Agassiz, B.C. and Legal system
Planidin, Pavel V. 60, 80, 254. Photo 89, 91    Project Ploughshares 140
Plotnikov, Nikolai M. 139. Photo 141            Progressive Society of Doukhobors 151, 178
Plotnikoff, Serge 223                           Prokhanov, I.S. 220
Pobirokhin, Illarian 3, 6, 254                  Promoting Enduring Peace, Inc. 182, 240
Podmorev, Vanya 76. Photo 76                    Putintsev, F.M. 200
Podovinikoff, Gabriel 190                       Quakers (Society of Friends) 8, 29-33, 35-37,
Podovinikoff, Joseph E. 254. Photo 183                44-46, 54-55, 64, 67, 71, 82-83, 88, 91,



                                                                                              11
     122, 126, 155, 162, 171, 174, 180-l82, 184-   Rowles, Charles 171
     185, 212, 223, 133                            Royal Canadian Mounted Police 134, 138, 166,
     Photo, Philadelphia 56                              171
     Argenta, B.C. 181, 223                              surveillance of Doukhobors 136,156, 212,
Quebec 45-46                                             214, 216
Queen Elizabeth 220                                      the “Red Scare” paranoia 137-138, 156,
Rabetz, Anna O. 45. Photo 33, 45                         204, 211-2134, 216
Ranchers 66, 71-72, 82                                   record secrecy 136,138, 174, 214
Raskol 1-2                                               McDonald and Keable Commissions 216
     See Churches                                        raid on zealot Council members 138
Rebin, Norman K.                                         disruptive tactics of 214, 216
     Photo 186-187                                       See also North West Mounted Police
Recreation 230, 236                                Ruskii Golos
     sports activities 187-188                     Russian heritage 135, 204-205, 211-212, 216,
     Photo 188, 230                                      233, 240
     cooperative games 236                               language retention and teaching 119, 130,
Red Cross 127, 166, 170                                  140, 142-143, 161-166, 169, 179, 182, 187-
Regina, Sask. 49, 172                                    188, 203, 205-206
Registration                                             bread, salt and water 3,8, 39, 143, 224.
     See Vital statistics                                Photo x
Reibin, Alex 204                                         oral tradition 3, 5,8. See also Book of Life
Reibin, Peter P. Photo 183                               67, 111,164, 168-169
Reibin, Simeon F. 80, 94, 99, 102, 151, 204,             literature 164, 204-205, 220
     255                                                 language training in Soviet Union 165-
Reibin, William P. Photo 148                             166, 205, 232
Religion                                           Ryan, Lionel 151
     definition of 32                              Sachatoff, Boris 94
     See also Churches                             St. John, Arthur 30, 32-33, 45, 255
Resurrection 32                                    St.Paul, Minnesota 49
Retirement 231-232, 236                            St. Petersburg, Russia 191
     See also Senior citizens                      Salmo, B.C. 223
Revolution, Russian 191-192, 196                   Salsk Okrug (Rostov-on-Don) 191-192, 197,
Riel, Louis 49                                           199, 206
Rivers                                                   composition 252
     crossing Swan river by ferry 56               Samoyloff, Peter R. 220. Photo 162, 230
     Photo 55                                      Samsonoff, Paul G. Photo 219
     Columbia 99                                   San Francisco 196, 203-204, 222
     Kootenay 99, 104                              Saratov, Doukhobors in
     White Sand R. 111                             Saskatchewan 49
     Petrofka Ferry 176                                  location map (1903) 61
Rodina Society (Obshchestva Rodina) 166,           Saskatchewan Colony 250
     205-207, 210, 212, 216, 224, 248                    See Prince Albert Colony
Rolland, Romaine 150. Photo 149                    Saskatchewan Peace Council 182
Romanow, Grand Duke Michael 13                     Saskatchewan Veterans Civil Service Corps
Rossland, B.C. 99, 102                                   156
Rosthern, Sask. 36, 64                             Saskatoon, Sask. 36, 49, 64, 184, 210, 222
Rostov-on-the-Don (southern Russia) 139, 191-            Photo Doukhobors in 231
     192, 206, 252                                 Saskatoon Doukhobor Student Group 184-186
Rozinkin, Bill 206                                       See also Youth
Rousseau, Jean Jacques 31, 69, 133, 238            Saskatoon Star-Phoenix 150


                                                                                                  12
Satz, Alexandra A. (Sasha) 40, 45, 67, 255               choirs 144, 161,169, 174, 188, 206, 212,
     Photo 40                                            218-219, 230
Saunders, William                                        Photo l89, 201, 2l0, 218, 220, 225
Schism, The Great                                        a cappella 8, 21, 44, 159, 165, 178, 199,
     See Raskol                                          219, 235-236
Sectarians (Sectarian minorities) xiv, 2, 10, 14,        individual, with musical instruments 182,
     192, 196-197                                        184, 222-223
Selkirk, Manitoba 50, 56                                 innovations in 145, 223-224
Selkirk College, B.C.                                    choral seminars 183
     See Education                                       Brotherhood Choir 220
Semenoff, John J. Photo 162, 186                         Stanley Humphries Secondary School
Semenoff, Paul J. 207. Photo 207                         Doukhobor Student Choir 220
Semenoff, Savely Photo 150                               Combined Kootenay and Boundary Choir
Senica root                                              222
     See Women                                      Sion village 7
Senior citizens 236                                      Sion Improvement District 168
Settlement arrangements                             Sirotskii Dom (Orphan’s Home) 6-8, 10-13, 16-
     See Migration                                       17, 22,28,80,248, 251
Shaughnessy, Thomas 104                                  Waisenamt origin 7
Shcherbak, Anton 203                                     Photo 124-125
Shenkursk 26                                        Skoptsy
Sherbinin, Ivan V. 104, 255. Photo 104              Slava Bohu
Sherbinin, Michael M. 83, 255                       Slavanka (Caucasus) 14, 16-17, 20-21,140,201,
Shervashidze, Prince                                     206, 252
Sherstobitoff, Alex W. Photo 229                         location map 15
Sherstobitoff, Nick W. Photo 186                         Photo 208
Sherstobitoff, William P. 174, 255                  Slavic Committee of the USSR 205-206
     Photo 184-186                                  Slavists Conference, International 221
Ship transport                                      Slocan City, B.C. 99, 102
     S.S. Lake Huron 37, 39, 40, 42, 45. Photo      Small Party 17, 20-22, 24-25, 27, 46, 76
     41-43                                               See also Large Party
     S.S. Lake Superior 37, 39, 45                  Smart, James A. 34-35, 37, 45.
     Photo 41-42, 45-46                                  Photo 43, 47
     Empress of Scotland                            Smith, Ross 212
     smallpox on board 45                           Smoking 27, 177
Shirras, John L. 171                                Social movement 24, 131, 135-136, 185-186,
Shoreacres, B.C. (Prekrasnoe) 102                        191, 207, 248
Shukin, Joseph P. 113, 142, 144, 151-152,159,            paradigm shift in thinking 237-238
     177                                            Social organization 55, 139, 146-147,161, 172
     Photo 143                                           sobranie gatherings 2, 8, 12-13, 20, 22,54,
Siberia                                                  72,79, 88, 102, 106, 112, 122, 142, 144-
     Doukhobors in 3, 5, 25-26, 40, 46, 84,85,           145, 160, 164, 169, 191, 199, 205, 224-
     150, 191,199, 201                                   225. Photos 122-123, 165, 223
     See also Yakutsk Doukhobors                         hereditary leadership 3, 5-6, 12-13, 16,
Sibley, Mulford Q. 182                                   145, 167
Sifton, Clifford 32,34-36, 46-48, 72, 76, 80, 82,        democratic type 6,76, 178,179
     88, 255                                             decision-making 6, 54, 60, 102, 106, 145,
     Photo 47                                            153,178, 184,192,224
     historic Feb. 15,1902 meeting 72                    conventions 59, 111,167-169, 178
Singing, music 185, 204, 219-224                         leadership feud 83, 139-140


                                                                                                 13
      rejection of divine leadership 76, 152,160,   Strelioff, Mary
      178, 201                                      Strike 59
      starista, role of 106, 109,146, 161           Stundists
      social control 110-112, 144, 187              Students Union for Peace Action 182
      See also Villages. Community Centres.         Sturge, Wilson 33
      Sirotskii Dom. Lifestyles. Community          Sufffield, Alberta 181
      Doukhobors.                                         See also Pacifism
Society of Friends.                                 Sukhari 39, 45, 57
      See Quakers                                   Sullivan, Harry (Commission 1947-1948) 134,
Society for Technical Aid to the Soviet Union             171-172
      196                                           Sulerzhitsky, Leopold A. 32, 39-40, 45, 51, 56,
      See also Migration                                  60, 255
Smoking                                                   from his Diary 51
      ban on 27, 60                                       Photo 33, 45
Soloveoff, Peter J. 206, 255. Photo 186             Sumbatov, Prince 255
Solovyov, Edward V. 207                             Sumner, William Graham 217
Sons of Freedom.                                    Sun Life Assurance Company 116, 152
      See Zealots                                   Sunshine Valley Consumers’ Co-operative
Sorokin, Stephen S. 136, 138, 167, 174-175,               See Cooperative enterprises
      214                                           Supplies
Soukerukoff, Fred Photo 143                               transporting with human power 52. Photo
Soukoreff, Mabel 210                                      52
Soukoreff, William A. (Private secretary to               hauling with horses 52
      Peter P. Verigin) 145, 153-154, 184, 199,     Svobodnoe Slovo 29
      212, 255. Photo 206                                 See also Tolstoyan Colony
South America 175                                   Swan River, Manitoba 57, 64
South Colony 35, 51, 54-55, 59-60, 64, 66, 73,      Swan River Colony 249-250
      76, 81, 111                                         See North Colony
      origin of 54                                  Swetlikoe, Allan 223
      composition 250                               Swetlishoff, Peter 134
      village plan 65                               Sysoev, Ivan 220, 255. Photo 219
Soviet Union                                        Tambov province 2-3, 5, 46, 140
      Doukhobors in 199                                   location map 4
Spasovka (Caucasus) 22, 200                         Tarasoff, Anastasia Photo 214, 226, 231
      location map 15                               Tarasoff, John K. 206. Photo 231
Speers, G.W. 85                                     Tarasoff, Koozma J. Sr. 84
Spokane, Washington 99, 222                               Photo 97, 150, 231
Stalin, Joseph V. 197, 200                          Tarasoff, Koozma J. Photo 186, 207, 215, 227,
Stanislavsky, K.                                          233-234
Stepniak, S.                                        Tarasoff, Misha 223
      See Kravchinskii,S.M.                         Tarasoff, Nadya Photo 214, 234
Stewart, A.C. (MLA) 156                             Tarrys, B.C. 145, 186, 210
Stolypin, P.A. 88                                   Tartars 11, 25-26
Storgeoff, Florence (Big Fanny) Photo 137           Tavrida (Tavria) 251
Stoochnoff, John P. 170                                   location map 4
St. Petersburg                                      Taxes 159, 166
Strathcona, Lord (Donald Smith - Strathcona         Tchertkoff, Anna C. 255. Photo 87
      Trust) 122-123                                Tchertkoff, Vladimir G. 29-32, 34, 37, 67, 72-
Strelaeff, Ivan 60                                        73, 77, 150, 197, 255
Strelioff, Fyodor Photo 150                               Photo 30, 79, 87


                                                                                                 14
Terpenie (Milky Waters) 5, 8, 196, 251                  administration of 160-161, 166, 168-169,
Terpenie village, Sask. 60, 79-80, 250                  199, 224. Photo 224
Terpenie (Zaporozhie, Ukraine) 251                      reforms in 161, 224
      Photo 209                                         attitude to zealots 166, 175, 214
Texas 32                                                Public Relations Committee 169, 172
Thatcher, Ross (Premier) 212. Photo 212                 See also Community Doukhobors, Union
Thrums, B.C. 177-178, 203, 251                          of Youth
Thunder Hill Colony 249-250                        Union of Young Doukhobors (UYD) 187-188,
      See North Colony                                  190, 249
Tiflis (Tbilisi) 11, 200, 206. location map 15          choral presentations at Montreal Olympics
Thoreau, Henry 32                                       188, 222
Tolstoy, Alexandra                                      Photo of executive 189
Tolstoy, Ilya Vladimirovich Photo 213              Union of Youth of USCC 145, 16-163, 185
Tolstoy, Lev and Tolstoyans 26-29, 31-32, 37,           Youth Commission on the Future 170
      39, 44, 46, 69, 71-73, 77, 88-89, 116,119,        Photo 162
      131, 133-134, 142, 161, 163-164, 182, 184,        See also Union of Spiritual Communities
      197, 206-207, 255                                 of Christ
      sketch of 31                                 United Church of Canada
Tolstoyan Colony (Purleigh, England) 29-30,             See Churches
      33-34, 71                                    United Doukhobor Community 192
Tolstoy, Sergius L. 32, 37, 45. Photo 33           United Nations 178, 179-180, 182
Toronto, Ontario 196, 214                          USA settlements 201, 203-204, 251
Toronto Globe                                           composition 251
Trail, B.C. 99, 102, 137,145, 157-159                   location map of 202
Transcaucasia (Caucasus) 11, 21                    Urbanization 166, 199, 222, 234.
Treglazov, V.I. 142                                     Photo 234
Tregubov, Ivan M. 29, 142, 150, 197, 255           Uruguay 136, 138, 175
      Photo 141, 198                               Uspenie village (North Colony) 64, 250
Trevor, Harry 110, 154                             Vancouver, B.C. 138, 161, 164, 171, 174, 188,
Troitskoe village 200                                   196, 216
Trudeau, Pierre E. (Prime Minister) 169                 study of Russian ethnics 216
Tselina (Salsk region) 192                         Vancouver Daily Province . [missing page
Turks 11, 22, 140                                  #]
Turriff, J.G. 69, 72-73                            Vancouver Sun 135
Uklein, Semeon M. 3                                Vanjoff, Anastasia Photo 149
Union of Doukhobors of Canada (UDC) 174,           Vanjoff, Fred F. Photo 149
      178-179, 182-184, 249                        Varabioff, Petrunya Photo 176
      administration of 178                        Varney, Eliza H. 82
      Photo founding convention 178                Velichkina, Vera M. 45, 67, 256
      See also Doukhobor Society of Canada,        Velikii Okean 203
      Canadian Doukhobor Society, and Joint        Vereschagin, Alex A. 203-204
      Doukhobor Research Symposium                 Vereschagin, Alex V. Sr. 201, 203
Union of Spirit Communities of Christ (USCC)            Photo 203
      136, 154-157, 159, 161, 166, 168-170, 172,   Vereschagin, Gabriel W. 139, 145, 150, 183,
      178-179, 181-182, 184, 187-188, 210, 214,         256. Photo 141, 143, 149
      216, 249                                     Vereschagin, Luba. Photo 149
      Committee of Reform 169                      Verigin, Elmer 163. Photo 228
      insurance rates of USCC centres 138,166,     Verigin, Evdokia (wife of P.V.Verigin)
      168, 216, 170                                     See Kotelnikova, Evdokia
                                                   Verigin, Fedosia. Photo 142


                                                                                               15
Verigin, Gregory V. (brother to Peter V.           Verigin, Vasily V. (brother of Peter V. Verigin)
     Verigin) 16, 84, 256. Photo 110                    16, 84
Vergin, John J. 136-138, 154, 159-163, 166-        Verigina, Anastasia (mother of Peter V. Verigin;
     170, 172, 175,199, 206, 211-212, 222, 256          granddaughter of Kapustin) 14, 17, 159-
     attack on 133                                      160. Photo 79, 91
     trial of 137-138, 170, 216                    Verigina, Anna Fydorovna (wife of Peter P.
     Photo 148, 153, 160, 164, 198, 200-211,            Verigin) Photo 148, 153, 193, 198
     213, 218, 222, 224, 230                       Verigina, Evdokia (wife of Peter V. Verigin)
Verigin, Larion W. Photo 143                            See Kotelnikova, Evdokia
Verigin, Laura. Photo 200, 218                          Photo 148
Verigin, Michael M. Photo 222                      Verigina, V. (sister of Peter V. Verigin)
Verigin, Michael the Archangel 136                 Verovka village, Sask. (South Colony) 64, 250
Verigin, Paul A. Photo 234                         Vestnik 211, 216
Verigin, Peter P. (Peter Chistiakov--the Purger,   Victoria, Queen
     son of Peter V. Verigin) 16, 83-84, 139-      Victoria, B.C.
     152, 154, 159, 164, 178, 185, 190, 192,       Villages 249-252
     199, 204, 256                                      Mir system 3, 6-8, 11-12, 34-36, 54, 59-
     origin of “Chistiakov” 143-144                     60, 67, 72, 106, 166, 238
     his view of zealots 144, 149                       opposition to Mir 123
     fund-raising scheme (“White Horse Fund”)           Sask. pattern--how selected 52-53. Plan
     146-149, 154                                       68. Photo 60, 71
     his view of Independents 144, 151                  location 35-36, 53, 249-252.
     new slogans by 144, 159                            constructed by women, children, and old
     perjury of 150-151                                 men 55, 57. Photo 59
     Photo 16, 83, 141, 143, 147-148                    B.C. pattern (the “Family”) 106, 145-146.
     For double meanings, see Communications            Plan 107. Photo 108.
Verigin, Peter P. (Peter Yastrebov --The Hawk,          in the Soviet Union 200-201.
     son of Peter P. Verigin) 140, 154, 159-            Anastasia’s village 139
     160, 166, 168, 174, 199, 256                       location maps 9, 61
     Photo 199                                          Se also Social organization, co-operative
Verigin, Peter V. (Peter the Lordly) 14, 16-17,         enterprises
     20-21, 26, 30-32, 36, 40-41, 45-46, 50, 54,   Vital statistics 69, 71-72, 116, 155, 169, 172,
     59, 67, 69, 71,77, 79-80, 82-85, 88-89,94,         184
     99, 102,104, 106, 110-111, 117-120, 122,           Census, government 6-7
     128-129, 139-140, 177, 201, 204, 256               refusal to comply in B.C. 117, 119, 123
     letters of 40, 67, 69, 73, 76, 133            Vorobyov, Alyosha F. 27, 46, 83
     followers of 76                                    Middle Party 27, 46, 83, 140
     as “benevolent despot” 118                         Photo 141, 198-199
     killed in train explosion 129, 134, 136,      Voronezh 5
     139                                           Vorontsov, Prince M.F.
     Photo 16, 26, 79-80, 83, 88-91, 95, 110.      Voting 172. 184, 200, 204
     Residence Photo 129                                disenfranchise the Doukhobors 128, 135,
Verigin, Sask. 81, 94, 102, 111, 113, 142, 146,         151
     152, 184, 196, 207, 211, 228                       attitude to by Community Doukhobors
     founding of 80                                     152, 160, 178
     museum at 207, 228                            Voykin, Harry S. Photo 183
     community home at -- Photo 229                Voykin, Ivan
     Photo 113                                          See Verigin, John J.
Verigin, Vasily L. (father of Peter V. Verigin)    Voykin, Ivan S. (John J. Verigin’s father) 154,
     14                                                 160, 192


                                                                                                16
Voykin, Leonard E.                                  railway contracts 58-59, 67, 72, 81
    Photo 210                                       in California 72
Voykin, Peter N. 207. Photo 207                     during wartime 155-158
Wadena, Sask. 156, 223                              professional 200, 203
War Measures Act 155                                in government and town councils 200
War Resisters’ International 182               World Day of Prayer 223
    Photo 233                                  World Federalists of Canada 212, 240
    See also Pacifism                          Wright, J.F.C.
War Resisters League 181-182                   Yakutsk 26, 46
    See also Pacifism                               Yakut Doukhobors 46, 83, 201
Waterloo mining camp, B.C. 99, 102                  Photo 84
Welfare 172                                    Yasnaya Polyana 32, 134, 206
West Kootenay Region, B.C. 99, 138             Yorkton, Sask. 35, 45, 52, 55-56, 71, 93-94,
West, R.A.D. 136                                    102, 146, 150-151, 156
Wet Mountains (Mokrye Gory and Wet             Youth 184
    Mountains Doukhobors) 11, 13, 21, 25,           first organization 145
    32, 34, 39,54, 64, 140, 191, 251-252            Leadership Conferences in Inter-Group
    resembles West Kootenays 102                    Relations for young leaders 183
    location map 15                                 seminars 184. Photo 184-185
Wheeler, Daniel 29                                  tours, western Canada 185, 222. Photo
White Horse Fund                                    186
    See Verigin, Peter P.                           international travel 210
White, Sir Thomas                                   Doukhobor Youth National Executive
Whitesand River Colony                              Council 186-187. Photo 187
    See South Colony 250                            Doukhobor Participation Survey 187
Winlaw, B.C. 168                                    See also Saskatoon Doukhobor Student
Winnipeg, Manitoba 36, 45, 49-51, 94, 99,           Group
    142, 151                                   Zarchikoff, Harry. Photo 162
Winnipeg Free Press Prairie Farmer 142         Zawadsky, Boris 207
Winnipeg Telegram                              Zealots (Sons of Freedom) 79-80, 116, 139,
Wirick, Arthur J. 186                               152, 177-178, 186, 217
Wismer, G.S. 171                                    definition of 76, 94
Women 218                                           discovery of nudity 69, 81-82, 123,131
    pulling the plough 56-57. Photo 53              the simple life 69, 131
    planting and harvesting 54-55, 58. Photo        attack on ownership and materialism 69,
    54, 58                                          71, 81, 93-94, 116, 131, 159
    gathering senica root 58                        disrobing (nudity) 131-133, 149-150,
    as leaders 13                                   171,179
    washing, sewing clothes, spinning wool          treks 131-132,138
    50, 109-110. Photo 74                           marches, protest action 50, 82, 132. See
    plastering dwellings 57                         also Pilgrimages
    carrying water. Photo 74                        liberating cattle and horses 77; reaction to
    turfing roofs. Photo 75                         131, 133
Women’s International League for Peace and          burnings and bombings 82, 133, 136,166.
    Freedom 182                                     See also Arson
Woodcock, George                                    origin and source of (theory, prototype)
Woodsworth, James S. 184-185                        66, 69, 71-72, 119, 130, 133, 135-136, 144,
Work (employment) 230                               148, 158, 167
    wage labor 50, 60, 81, 104, 201                 migration, protest action 73, 136, 171
    with oxen 57. Photo 57                          physical labour 69


                                                                                             17
     Photo 132, 135,137
     Piers Island 132, 135; see also Piers Island
     New Denver School. See New Denver
     Raid on zealot Council 138
     Fraternal Council 166-167, 174
     See also Anarchists
Zibarov, Nikola S. 24-25, 40, 50, 56, 59, 64, 73,
     80, 94, 99, 102, 104, 256
Zubkov, Alyosha 16-17
Zuckerberg, Alexander 164




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