Microsoft PowerPoint - environment by goodbaby

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									    PRESENTATION ON
ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT




       City of Johannesburg
       Environmental Management
PRESENTATION OVERVIEW

 Legislative Framework

 Context of Environmental Management

 Challenges

 Functional Overview

 Environment Goals & Programmes

 Opportunities for Ward Involvement
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK

 Section 152 of the Constitution- object of local government is
 to promote a safe and healthy environment- to be read with
 Section 24 and Schedule 4 of the Constitution

 Municipal Systems Act- local government has to integrate
 environmental considerations in service delivery

 Environmental Conservation Act & EIA Regulations

 NEMA, Protected Areas Act, Biodiversity Act, Air Quality,
 National Water Act etc

 City by-laws on health, waste management, parks and open
 spaces to give effect to environmental management
 CITY’S ENVIRONMENTAL
 CONTEXT
   Largest urban complex         Air quality

    - 3.2 million people,          major sources, domestic fuel
                                   burning, vehicle, dust and
    - 97% urbanization rate
                                   industrial

Land and biodiversity              6 air quality monitoring stations

   predominant land use is         1 weather station
   residential and undeveloped

   1,38 % formally conserved

   1 191 hectares of declared
   nature reserves
CITY’S ENVIRONMENTAL
CONTEXT
Waste                              Water and sanitation

  5 licensed landfills, 2 closed      2 major catchments, Klip River in
                                      the south and Jukskei in the north
  1,4 to 1,8 million tons per
  annum (23% commercial, 67           22 water impoundments, mostly
                                      non-natural
  household and 10%
  industrial)
                                      7 licensed waste water treatment
                                      plants
   6-8% recycling rate
                                      117 water quality monitoring sites
   1 medical incinerator, 3
  privately owned                     over 9000 km of water and sewer
                                      network
   2 crematoria
ENVIRONMENTAL SENSITIVE
FEATURES
 Rivers, streams, wetlands and pans

 Sites within the floodline (1:100 and 1:50)

 Bird sanctuary and adjoining properties

 Proclaimed nature reserves and adjoining properties

 Properties subject to any statutory conservation status – National
 Parks, nature reserves and adjoining properties

 Historical and cultural important sites – National Monuments Acts

 Areas defined in GOSP 3, 2003 – high ecological, cultural, social
 and heritage importance

 Ridges (hills, koppies, mountains, kloofs, gorges, etc)

 Dolomite or undermined areas

  Major or sensitive aquifers
CHALLENGES

Development taking place of concerning scale and intensity,
may have unfavorable impact on biodiversity

EIA’s are undertaken for the sake of compliance with legislation

Developers may want to by-pass the process- poor quality of
EIA’s

Development pressure specifically on open spaces

Promote environmental compliance and best practice within the
City and UAC’s
CHALLENGES

 Provide policy guidance to developers, interest groups

 Stormwater management on site

 Management of construction waste

 Facilitate implementation of environmental projects
PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT

Ecological Limits:  Recognising natural environment is resource
based upon which all development depends

 Cradle-to-grave:  Responsibility for environmental, health and
safety consequences exists throughout lifecycle of project

Polluter-pays-principle: Those responsible for environmental
damage must pay

Precautionary approach: Risk-averse approach to be adopted
where there is suspicion of potential harm to environment

Participatory approach: Stakeholders involved in SD should
participate in planning and decision-making and taking collective
responsibility
Vision for the environment
Mayoral Priority: Safe, clean and green city

                             VISION
“An environmentally sustainable city, that anticipates, manages
  and reduces its vulnerability to potential global and local
  environmental shocks, and works consistently to reduce the
  impact of its own built environment and urban processes on the
  broader envelope of natural resources.”
 UNPACKING THE VISION
“An environmentally sustainable city, that anticipates, manages and
reduces its vulnerability to potential global and local environmental
shocks, and works consistently to reduce the impact of its own built
environment and urban processes on the broader envelope of natural
resources.”

Anticipates           Data management, trend analysis to
                      inform decision making
Manage and            Conservation programmes, Policy
Reduce                development, integration and by-laws
vulnerability
                      Implementation of programmes and
                      projects
Reduce impact Regulation and compliance monitoring
   City’s Environment Department
   Current Function

 Waste Management               Monitoring & Compliance
• Waste policy & plan           • AQ & WQ monitoring
• Oversee compliance &          • Tracking hotspots/ identify
  monitoring of landfills         source & non-compliance
• Waste management best         • Facilitate mitigation projects
  practices – minimization &
                                • Catchment management incl.
  recycling
                                  storm-water mgmt
• Facilitation of project
                                • Comments on development
  implementation
                                  applications
• Waste licensing
                                • Climate change interventions
• Manage of waste information
   City’s Environment Department
   Current Situation

 Policy & Integration                 Impact Management
• Environmental Policy              • EIA coordination with GDACE
• Awareness & capacity              • Screening of City’s capital
  building                            projects
• State of Environment              • Environmental requirements
  Reporting                           in development applications &
                                      SDP’s
• Information management - GIS
                                    • Spatial input into RSDF’s
• Best practices – Environmental
  Management System;                • Compliance monitoring of
  Environmental                       special projects – ARP,
                                      Cosmo, Gautrain
• Conservation & biodiversity
• Internal & external integration
ENVIRONMENTAL GOALS & PROGRAMMES
               Next Five Years




(what are the big issues for the department?)
(and how does the department respond?)
   GOAL 1. Sustainable management of the city’s waste
   streams through waste avoidance, reduction, recycling
   and reduced disposal




Programme 1:
Reduction of waste generation
                                          Programme 3:
Programme 2:                              Waste Recycling
Reduction of waste disposal to
landfills
    GOAL 2. Water conservation, reduction in per capita
    water consumption, and protection of the ecological
    reserve




Programme 1:
Management of wetlands & water
bodies

Programme 2:
Protection of ecological reserve &
river health
   GOAL 3. Biodiversity and environmental heritage
   protected to enhance ecosystem goods and services




Programme 1:
Biodiversity protection


Programme 2:
Retain, conserve & expand the open
Space network


Programme 3:
Expansion & maintenance of the
urban forest
  GOAL 4. Rationalization and diversification of the energy
  sources on which the city relies




Programme 1:
Energy efficiency & demand
management

Programme 2:
Reduction on dependence on fossil
fuel
  GOAL 5. Reduction in land, air, water, noise and light
  pollution




Programme 1:
Reduction of water pollution



Programme 2:
Air pollution prevention



Programme 3:
Reduction of noise, visual & light
pollution
GOAL 6. Full Integration and mainstreaming of
environmental issues through cooperative governance
and institutional mechanisms in all sectors




Programme 1 :
Integration of environmental issues
in planning matters




Programme 2 :
Establishment of Stakeholder Forum
Programmes for this financial year


Waste Licensing
• Issuing of waste licenses to waste service providers
• Together with a credible waste information system, which
  will record amounts of waste generated, collected,
  transported, treated and disposed at landfills sites
• This will assist in proper planning for new waste disposal
  facilities.

Emissions Inventory
• A proper emissions inventory of all the air pollution sources
• In addition an air permitting system is to be implemented
• An enforcement programme to take action where there are
  transgressors.
Programmes for this financial year

River Rehabilitation
• A progressive rehabilitation programme for the upper
   Jukskei & Klip River is to be undertaken to reduce
   pollution loads and improve water quality.

Solar Water Heaters at Cosmo City
• The department will facilitate the provision of solar water
   heaters at the Cosmo City Housing Development.
• This is aimed at reducing demand on electricity and
    promotes use of a sustainable energy source.

Energy Plan
• Formulate the energy policy and plan together with the
   Infrastructure and Services department.
• This is aimed amongst others at promoting energy
   efficiency interventions and demand-side management.
Programmes for this financial year


Environmental Advisory Forum
• The establishment of an Environmental Advisory Forum to
   be put in place, to promote dialogue on environmental issue

Greening 2010
• Identify projects to ensure impact on receiving environment
   are avoided and/ or minimised
• Klipriver Rehabilitation as legacy project

Environmental Awareness
• Undertake information-sharing seminars
• Organise environmental campaign around World
   Environment Day in June
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WARD
INVOLVEMENT

 Create the understanding that ward committees plays a central
 role in changing attitudes of communities towards the environment

 Lobby communities to participate in the City’s IDP Process

 Create partnerships with community-based groups, including the
 youth and unemployed

 Identify project opportunities – waste recycling, cleanup campaigns,
 open space protection – find partnerships (business, schools, CBO’s/
 NGO’s)




                   ----- Thank You -----
 CLIMATE CHANGE


What is Climate Change?

 Climate change is a shift in “climate” relative to a given period of time

What is ‘climate’?

 It is an ‘average weather’ pattern and its variations over a period of
 time, for a particular region

What causes climate change?

 Natural causes: Solar variability, volcanic eruptions, geological
 change, etc

 Human factors: Greenhouse gases (e.g. carbon dioxide, methane),
 aerosols, land use change (e.g. deforestation)
CLIMATE CHANGE
  GLOBAL TRENDS



Records (1850-present) of:

  Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions
  from fossil fuels

  Changing CO2 concentration
  levels in the atmosphere

  Changing global average
  temperatures (with urbanization
  effects removed)
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE

 IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
VULNERABILITY: Malaria



Population at high risk projected
                                                                         orthe
                                                                        N rn
to quadruple by 2020 to 36 m -                                          Province
including many parts of Gauteng
                                    D                     North-West
                                                                        Gauteng
                                                                                    p a-
                                                                                  M um
                                                                                  langa

Total costs of increased malaria
                                                 South Africa           ta
                                                                  Free S te            a lu-
                                                                                    Kw Zu
are significant and could cost                                                      Natal
0.1 - 0.2% of GDP                                                       Lesotho
by ~2020                                  orthe ape
                                         N rn C


                                                                Eastern Cape


                                        We       a
                                          stern C pe
RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE




                        ----- Thank You -----
CONTACT DETAILS




                Tel: (011) 407 6721

                Fax: (011) 403 4142

         E-Mail: Environment@joburg.org.za

            Website: www.joburg.org.za

								
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