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					     BEREAN
CHRISTADELPHIANS
The History of the
      Bible
                 BEREAN
            CHRISTADELPHIANS
             The History of the
                   Bible

Our Schedule:-
1. Introduction
2. History of the Bible (original manuscripts)
3. History of the Bible (English translations)
4. What does the Bible Basically Teach?
             The History of the
                   Bible

We take the same stand as the Apostle Paul

  Acts 24:14
  “So worship I the God of my fathers,
    believing all things which are written in the
    law and in the prophets”
          The History of the
                Bible




Isaiah 8:20
“To the law and to the testimony: if they
  speak not according to this word, it is
  because there is no light in them.”
          The History of the
                Bible



Romans 15:4
“For whatsoever things were written
  aforetime were written for our learning, that
  we through patience and comfort of the
  Scriptures might have hope.”
            The History of the
                  Bible



2 Timothy 3:15-17
“And that from a child thou hast known the holy
  scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
  salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
  profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
  for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
  God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all
  good works.”
         The History of the
               Bible



Psalm 33:4, 6, 9
“For the word of the LORD is right; and all
  his works are done in truth.
By the word of the LORD were the heavens
  made; and all the host of them by the
  breath of his mouth.
For he spake, and it was done; he
  commanded, and it stood fast.”
                 The History of the
                       Bible


Overview of the Bible
       into two 3:15-17
-Split 2 Timothyparts, Old and New Testaments
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
-Old Testament began with Moses 3,800 years ago
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
        salvation was written during in Christ Jesus.
-New Testament through faith which is the first century
        All scripture is end of the first century, with
and completed at the given by inspiration of God, and is
        profitable for on the Isle reproof, for correction,
the writings of John doctrine, for of Patmos, 1,900
years ago instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        for
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
-Genesis to Deuteronomy
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
-Creation and the populating of the earth
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
-Account of man’s sad fall which is in Christ Jesus.
        salvation through faith
        All scripture is given by inspiration
-God’s loving provision of redemption of God, and is
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
        for of the Jewish race and the appointment
-Beginning instruction in righteousness: that the man of of
them as God’s chosen
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”
                 The History of the
                       Bible


Overview of the Bible (Genesis to Deuteronomy)
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
           Luke 24:27
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
           “Beginning at Moses and all thee
       scriptures, which are able to makethe wise unto
       salvation he (Christ) expounded Christ Jesus.
       prophets,through faith which is in unto them in
       All scripture is given things concerning
       all the Scriptures the by inspiration of God, and is
       himself” (Luke 24:27) for reproof, for correction,
       profitable for doctrine,
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
       God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       good works.”
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible (Genesis to Deuteronomy)
      to regulate the nation of Israel
- Law 2 Timothy 3:15-17
     “And of higher child thou the coming of a
- Teaching that from alessons ofhast known the holy
saviour scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
         salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
- Clear advocacy that “sin” is evil in God’s eyes and is
         All scripture is given by inspiration of God,
          says “Had ye believed Moses, ye would have
- Christ profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
believed me, for he wrote of me. But if ye believe not
         for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
         God how shall ye thoughly furnished unto all
his writings,may be perfect,believe my words?” (John 5:
46-47) good works.”
- If Moses is not true, then Christ is not true” They
stand or fall together
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible (Joshua to Esther)
      12 books show Israel’s history for a 1,000 years
-Next 2 Timothy 3:15-17
       are that than child thou hast known the God’s
-They“Andmorefrom ajust history. They show holy
        scriptures, which actions when dealing with
attitude, principles, andare able to make thee wise unto
         He must be loved and revered Christ Jesus.
Israel. salvation through faith which is infor all He has
done and is doing is given by inspiration of God, and is
        All scripture
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”
                The History of the
                      Bible


Overview of the Bible (Job)
-The book of Job illustrates the way God chastens and
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
     “And that from a child daughters; He the holy
corrects His true sons and thou hast known does not
        them, but will purify them and refine them as
forsakescriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
gold. salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
       All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
       profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
       God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       good works.”
                The History of the
                      Bible


Overview of the Bible (Psalms to Songs of Solomon)
-Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Songs of
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
Solomon are messages of wisdom, portrayingholy
     “And that from a child thou hast known the
       scriptures, which are able to disposition.
acceptable conduct, character andmake thee wise unto
       salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
       All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
       profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
       God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       good works.”
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible (Isaiah to Malachi)
-Seventeen Prophetical books. Divine message for
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
       as a that from a child thou hast coming
Israel“And nation, with warnings of known the holy
        scriptures, which are able to make but also
judgement on account of disobedience,thee wise unto
         the joyful day when which is in Christ Jesus.
reveals salvation through faith Israel and the world shall
        All scripture blessings inspiration
rejoice in universal is given by and peace.of God, and is
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”
                The History of the
                      Bible


Overview of the Bible (Matthew to John)
      gospel records, of
-Four 2 Timothy 3:15-17 Christ’s life and ministry,
      “And that from a child thou hast known His Son.
revealing the manifesting of God through the holy
        scriptures, which are able to make the
Also, shows us a way, manner of life, inthee wise unto
development of an acceptable servant. Christ Jesus.
        salvation through faith which is in
       All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
       profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
       God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       good works.”
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible (Acts)
-Illustrates the practical application of Jesus’
       2 Timothy 3:15-17
       “And -
command: that from a child thou hast known the holy
        scriptures, which world, and preach wise unto
      “Go ye into all theare able to make thee the Gospel
        salvation through faith which is and is baptised
to every creature. He that believeth in Christ Jesus.
         saved, but is that by inspiration shall be
shall beAll scripture hegiven believeth not of God, and is
condemned” (Mark 16:15-16)for reproof, for correction,
        profitable for doctrine,
         for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
-We learn what it really means to devote one’s life in
                    be perfect, thoughly furnished unto not
         God maydone to serve God and His Truth, all
all that is to be
         good works.”
ourselves and our pleasures.
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible (Romans to Jude)
-There are twenty one epistles (Romans to Jude),
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
      “And that from a child various known the holy
which consist of letters to thou hast ecclesias and
         scriptures, which are of Jesus, which wise unto
individuals by the apostlesable to make thee expound
         salvation of the Gospel, the is in Christ Jesus.
the basic truths through faith which Divine purpose
         All scripture is given by inspiration of life and
with mankind, and shows us the mannerof God, of a is
Godly person. They instruct us and direct us in daily
         profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
activities and associations in relaton to each other
         for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
and to God.
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”of letters
                  The History of the
                        Bible


Overview of the Bible (Revelation)
      2 Timothy Gives
-The final book.3:15-17 a panoramic view of nearly
       years of from a child thou hast known the holy
2,000“And that world history, from the days of the
apostles to the establishing of God’s Kingdom on the
         scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
earth. It is shown in sign and symbol, the meaning of
         salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
         All scripture is other parts of the Scriptures.
which is derived fromgiven by inspiration of God, and is
It shows the breakdown of the original apostolic
         profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
faith, the development of a system described as the
         for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
“mother of harlots” who would persecute the saints
               may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto
         God some of the darkest periods of man’sall
and occupy
history good works.”of letters
         on earth.
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The Origin of the Bible
-The Bible is God’s Word. “Holy men of old were
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
moved by the Holy Spirit” thou hast known the holy
     “And that from a child
        scriptures, which in able to as it was directed
-Old Testament written areHebrewmake thee wise unto
        salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
to the Jewish Nation
        All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
-New Testament written in Greek, the prominent
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
language of the first century
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
-Original copies written over a period of c. 1,900 all
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto
years (Moses to John) letters
        good works.”of
                 The History of the
                       Bible


The Origin of the Bible
-The problems of translation
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
     “And that from a child no hast known the holy
-The Hebrew language hasthouvowels, these are
        scriptures, which are able Hebrew word
supplied by the context. E.g. Ato make thee wise unto
        salvation through faith b d could be the word,
consisting of the consonantswhich is in Christ Jesus.
        All scripture is Only the context of God, and
bud, bad, bed or bid. given by inspirationcould give is
which word was intended. for reproof, for correction,
        profitable for doctrine,
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
-Preservation of original copies and integrity of text
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
-A further complication was that in the original there
        good works.”of letters
were no spaces, no verses or chapters.
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The Origin of the Bible
      is an example from the Hebrew
-Here2 Timothy 3:15-17
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
      yhvhthhstsrchanndknwnm
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
        salvation through faith which is in me and
translated “Yahweh thou hast searchedChrist Jesus.
known me”.
        All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”of letters
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The English Translation
     2 Timothy Version
-The Septuagint3:15-17 (meaning 70)
     “And that from King desired a known the
-250BC an Egyptain a child thou hast copy ofthe holy
Hebrewscriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
        Scriptures in the “Greek” language
       salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
       All scripture Jews, expert in both of God, and
-A committee of 72 is given by inspiration languages, is
were commissioned to undertake the task
       profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
-Translation period: approx 250-300 years man of
       for instruction in righteousness: that the
             may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       God expressed in the Roman numerals LXX
-Name also
       good works.”of letters
                 The History of the
                       Bible


The English Translation
      2 Timothy is relevant because in the fourth
-The Septuigant3:15-17
      “And that from a asked to hast known the holy
century, Jerome was child thou translate the Bible into
Latin, as Latin became more widespread and theunto
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise
dominant language of the day
        salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
        All became is given by inspiration Vulgate”
-This Bible scripture known as the “Versioof God, and is
        profitable for doctrine, simply in for correction,
(Common Version) or known for reproof,English as the
“Vulgate”. instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        for
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”of letters
-Translation path: Original > Septuigint > Latin
Vulgate
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The English Translation
-The first complete English Bible came to us from
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
John Wycliffe from a child thou hast known the holy
     “And that
        scriptures, which are able to make (c. 1330-1384)
-Between 1380 and 1397, John Wycliffe thee wise unto
and his salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
         followers, the Lollards (a derisive term
meaning "mumblers"), produced the first English is
        All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and
         of the complete Bible, using the Vulgate as
version profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
        for The original was almost a word-for-word
their base. instruction in righteousness: that the man of
translation. Wycliffe’s colleagues, John Purvey (1354-
        God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        good works.”of Hereford produced later
1428) and Nicholas of letters
editions which were more readable.
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The English Translation
-Wycliffe considered the Bible to be the only authentic
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
rule of faith. He believed that the church could be
      “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
        scriptures, which knew God's law; therefore
reformed only if peopleare able to make thee wise unto
they needed to have a Bible translated into their own
        salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
        All scripture is given by inspiration was
language. In 1415, Wycliffe's translation of God, and is
condemned and burned.
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
-Wycliffe was declared a heretic by the Roman of
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man
        God may primarily because he challenged the
Catholic Church, be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
doctrine of transubstantiation and the papacy.
        good works.”of letters
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The English Translation
- During the reign of Henry IV (1399-1413), the
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
      “And that for a child thou hast known Heretico
English statutefromburning of heretics, Dethe holy
Comburendo (1401), was adopted. A number of unto
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise
        salvation through faith which is Henry V (1413-
Lollards were burned. The next king, in Christ Jesus.
        All scripture sect's by inspiration of God, and is
1422), executed theis givenmost well-known leader, Sir
John Oldcastle in 1417, an event which ended
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
Lollardy in England, except for some underground
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
rural groups. In 1428, after Wycliffe was declared a
              may was exhumed from consecrated
        God bodybe perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
heretic, his
ground,good works.”of letters into the River Swift. He
         burned, and thrown
had died a natural death.
                 The History of the
                       Bible


The English Translation
- During this period, readers of the English Bible had
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
      “And that by persecution. They were burned
suffered death from a child thou hast known the holy
        scriptures, which are able tied around their
alive with copies of their Biblesto make thee wise unto
necks. salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
        All scripture is given teaching their God, and is
-Parents were executed for by inspiration ofchildren the
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for Children
Lord’s prayer and the Ten Commandments.correction,
        for instruction in fires that would the man of
were forced to light therighteousness: that burn their
         to death.
parentsGod may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       good works.”of letters
-Possessors of the Wycliffe Bible were hunted down
as though they were wild beasts
                  The History of the
                        Bible

The English Translation
-Production of the Wycliffe Bible by hand was very
slow (approx 8 3:15-17
     2 Timothy months)
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
-The tide was turning are able to make thee wise unto
        scriptures, which
        salvation was the last to be is in Christ Jesus.
-Wycliffe’s Bible through faith which handwritten –
        All scripture is press
advent of the printinggiven by inspiration of God, and is
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
-Renewed interest in Greek and Hebrew languages
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        for may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto
-Desire Godreformation once some of the Roman all
Catholic doctrines were discovered as false
        good works.”of letters
-This period produced men like Erasmus and William
Tyndale
  The History of the
        Bible


The English Translation
-William Tyndale (c. 1494 to 1536)
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
-Very “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
      determined with a remarkable knowledge of
         and Greek. A student to make thee wise unto
Hebrewscriptures, which are ableof both Oxford and
        salvation through
Cambridge Universities faith which is in Christ Jesus.
        All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
-His version was from the most original Hebrew and
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
Greek sources available to him.
        for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        from England and thoughly furnished
-Moved God may be perfect, fled to Germany unto all
        good smuggled back
-Bibles were works.”of letters to the mainland in sacks
of cloth and flour
  The History of the
        Bible


The English Translation
-William Tyndale (c. 1494 to 1536)
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
      “And that from a child thou hast in Roman
A clergyman hopelessly entrenchedknown the holy
         scriptures, which are able to make thee the
Catholic dogma once taunted Tyndale with wise unto
         salvation through faith be without God’s laws
statement, “We are better to which is in Christ Jesus.
         All scripture is given by infuriated by such
than the Pope’s”. Tyndale was inspiration of God, and is
         profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for defy the
Roman Catholic heresies, and he replied, “I correction,
         for instruction in God spare my life ere many
Pope and all his laws. Ifrighteousness: that the man of
          will cause perfect, thoughly furnished unto
years, I God may bethe boy that drives the plow toall
know more of the scriptures than you!”
         good works.”of letters
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The English Translation
     2 Timothy last betrayed and burnt at the stake
-Tyndale was at3:15-17
where he was strangled and burnt (on October 6th,
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
1536). scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
        salvation through faith which the Christ Jesus.
-His dying words were “Lord, open is in king of
England’s eyes.”
        All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
       profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
-He died for one cause – he wanted everyone to have
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
access to an English Bible.
       God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
       good works.”of letters
                  The History of the
                        Bible


The English Translation
-The King James Version
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
     “And time of a child thou hast Henry the VIII
-About the that fromTyndale’s death, known the holy had
        scriptures, pope, the result of which was the
a quarrel with thewhich are able to make thee wise unto
        salvation through faith of England. Henry was
establishment of the Church which is in Christ Jesus.
        All to the idea of a by inspiration of God, and is
favourable scripture is given Bible for the common
people. profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
-Approximately 80% of the Old, and 90% of the New
             may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto
       Godappear to be directly translated from all
Testament
       good works.”of letters
Tyndale’s Bible.
                 The History of the
                       Bible

The English Translation
-The King James Version has had the most profound
      2 Timothy 3:15-17
effect upon the life and literature of Western society.
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
       scriptures, from are able to make thee wise unto
-Over 900 quotes which Shakespear were based on the
King James Version
       salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
       All scripture is given renowned as the most
-The King James version is by inspiration of God, and is
       profitable for of the Original. There are
accurate translation doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
mistakes, there are clearly inherent translator bias,
       God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto
but we are of the opinion that the Truth of God’s all
       good works.”of letters
message is contained therein. We don’t believe any
modern translations come close to it.
                  The History of the
                        Bible

The Teaching of the Bible
-The Gospel (The Good News of the Kingdom of God)
     2 Timothy 3:15-17
    “And that
Romans 1:16 from a child thou hast known the holy
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is
        salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
the power of God unto salvation to every one that
        All scripture is given by also to the God, and is
believeth; to the Jew first, andinspiration ofGreek.
       profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
Galatians 3:8
       for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
        scripture, perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
And theGod may beforeseeing that God would justify
       good works.”of letters
the heathen through faith, preached before the
gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations
be blessed.
                  The History of the
                        Bible

The Teaching of the Bible
      idea of all nations
-This 2 Timothy 3:15-17 being blessed is the basic
message of the Scriptures
     “And that from a child thou hast known the holy
Matthew 6
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
        salvation through faith pray is Our Father
9After this manner therefore whichye:in Christ Jesus.
        All scripture is given by be thy name. 10 and
which art in heaven, Hallowed inspiration of God,Thy is
        profitable for doctrine, for reproof, as correction,
kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, for it is in
         11 instruction in righteousness: that the man of
heaven. forGive us this day our daily bread. 12And
forgive God may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
        us our debts, as we forgive our
        good works.”of letters
debtors. 13And lead us not into temptation, but
deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the
power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
                  The History of the
                        Bible

The Teaching of the Bible

     2 1:21
2 PeterTimothy 3:15-17
      “And that from a child thou hast known the will
“For the prophecy came not in old time bythe holy of
man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved
        scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto
by the Holy Spirit.”
        salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
       All
Acts 17:11 scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
         profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,
“These were more noble than those in Thessalonica,
         for instruction in righteousness: that the man of
         God received the word with all readiness of
in that they may be perfect, thoughly furnished unto all
mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether
         good works.”of letters
those things were so.”
Psalm 119
 11Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I

might not sin against thee.

12Blessed   art thou, O LORD: teach me thy
statutes.
The Bible is God’s Revelation to man.

Revelation 1:3
“Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear
the words of this prophecy, and keep those
things which are written therein: for the time is
at hand.”
Hebrews 4:11-12
“Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest
any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and
sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even
to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of
the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
thoughts and intents of the heart.”

				
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