Spokane Falls Community College Physical Therapist Assistant Program Course Title by thejokerishere

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									                             Spokane Falls Community College
                            Physical Therapist Assistant Program

Course Title: Introduction to Physical Therapy

Course Number: PTA 101                Course Instructors:    Mary Ann Sharkey, PhD, MS, PT
                                                             Penny Reid, PT
Course Credit: 3 credits

Course Description:
An introduction to the practice of physical therapy emphasizing the role of the physical therapist
assistant as a member of the health care team. Investigation of the law pertaining to the
practice of physical therapy and ethical conduct. Issues of teamwork, interpersonal
communication skills, and patient motivation will be explored.

Prerequisite: Acceptance into the PTA program

Instructional Delivery: 2 hours lecture/week; 2 hour lab/week
                        Included will be clinic field trips and guest presenters

Grade/Evaluation Criteria: Grades will be based upon total points given for:
      Assignments 50%
              collage (10%)
              professional literature and presentation (15%)
              2 observation write-ups (10% each x 2 = 20%)
              forms turned in on time (5%)
      Midquarter exam 25%                    A=90% and above
      Final exam 30%                         B=80-89%
                                             C=70-79%
                                             D=below 70%

An overall grade of 70% (2.0) is required to progress in the program. If a student fails a lecture
course it will result in dismissal from the program. (Please note that dismissal from the program
does not constitute dismissal from the institution.

Texts:     PTA Student Handbook
           Patient Practitioner Interaction, Davis

Learning/Performance Outcomes:
1. Describe the historical development of physical therapy as a profession.
2. Define physical therapy, physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, and physical
    therapy aide.
3. Compare the physical therapist and physical therapist assistant in terms of their education,
    licensure, place of employment, opportunities for advancement, salary, duties, and
    supervisory relationships.
4. Discuss the history, role, objectives, and structure of the American Physical Therapy
    Association (APTA) and the structure of the Physical Therapy Association of Washington
    (PT-WA).
5. Explain the responsibilities and the limitations of the PTA based on current laws governing
    practice in Washington state.
6.    Describe the relationship to physical therapy practice of the APTA‟s “Code of Ethics”,
      “Guide for Conduct of the Affiliate Member”, “Standards of Ethical Conduct for the Physical
      Therapist Assistant”, and the “Patient‟s Bill of Rights”.
7.    List and identify the different members of the health care team in terms of job
      responsibilities and educational qualifications.
8.    Describe the relationship of the PTA to other members of the health care team.
9.    Identify factors that contribute to effective teamwork.
10.   Identify behaviors that facilitate effective patient - PTA interaction.
11.   Discuss medical/ethical principles underlying the delivery of health care.
12.   Define the issues of effective helping in relationship to the health care practitioner.
13.   Discuss the role of values in health care.
14.   Identify behaviors that reinforce and detract from healing.
15.   Conduct a professional literature search.
16.   Interpret a professional article with a written abstract and presentation to the class.


                                       UNIT OBJECTIVES
1.    Attend PTA Program orientation including orientation to the SFCC Library and the SFCC
      CBE (Competency Based Education) computer lab.
2.    Create a media collage that represents you to share with fellow students.
3.    Using skills of perception, discern aspects of a fellow student's "person" presented in their
      collage; be able to express perceptions verbally.
4.    Define the term "professional socialization".
5.    Match articles from the Hippocratic Oath to the guiding principles of medical ethics.
6.    Describe the role of WWI in the founding of "physical therapy" as a profession.
7.    Describe the role of Mary McMillan in the development of physical therapy as a profession.
8.    Describe the 2 key impacts that WWII had on physical therapy as a profession.
9.    Explain the significance of the date 1969 for physical therapist assistants.
10.   Describe the principle articles of the Definition of Physical Therapy as written by the APTA
      and the WA State RCW. Identify the key article.
11.   List the 2 regulatory agencies that provide legal regulation for physical therapy
      practitioners.
12.   Identify the key regulatory responsibilities of each of the above 2 agencies.
13.   List 5 practice settings for physical therapy services and identify a local example of each.
14.   Define the complete title that the term HIPAA abbreviates.
15.   List the three components of HIPAA.
16.   List and give examples of the three types of “Patient Identifiable Information” covered
      under HIPAA.
17.   List the patient‟s privacy rights under HIPAA and provide examples of application in
      potential PT environments.
18.   Describe the role of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) in determining and
      enforcing our professional ethics.
19.   Explain the process of lodging an ethical complaint against a physical therapy practitioner
      and the potential outcomes of such complaint.
20.   Identify the "member driven" organization for physical therapy and its policy-making body.
      Explain the types of "policies" that may be developed.
21.   List 5 professional activities conducted by the APTA.
22.   Explain the relationship between the National Assembly of PTA's and the APTA House of
      Delegates.
23.   Identify the key reason for conducting research in physical therapy.
24. Explain what research does NOT do.
25. Match the components of a research article with the type of information that may be found
    in each component.
26. Define and Interpret the Levels of Evidence according to Sackett
27. Review an article and explain the positive and negative aspects in terms of decision
    making whether to use the information in your practice
28. Define the following terms with respect to research measurements:
           reliability
           validity
           practicality

29. Using the WA-State WACS relating to physical therapy define the terms:
            physical therapist
            physical therapist assistant
            physical therapy aide
30. Explain the preferred method of personnel identification in physical therapy.
31. Define, memorize and never forget the following terms for supervision:
            direct
            indirect
32. Contrast supervisory levels between PTA and physical therapy aide.
33. List, memorize and never forget the three elements of the frequency of PTA supervision.
34. Write an abstract of a professional literature article selected from the options provided in
    class using appropriate professional writing.
35. Prepare and deliver a 3-4 minute presentation about the article described in #25 in an
    appropriate professional manner.
36. Compare the essential role functions of the PT and the PTA with respect to support
    personnel supervision (the "bottom lines").
            The roles and responsibilities of PT's, PTA's, and PT aides are described by the
               patient related activities they perform.
37. List the 5 main areas of responsibility of the PT in patient care and give examples of
    patient related activities for each area.
38. List the PTA's responsibilities and patient related activities for each of the above 5 areas.
39. List the physical therapy aide's responsibilities and patient related activities for each of the
    above 5 areas.
40. List the "Keys of Delegation" of physical therapy tasks as presented by Nancy Watts, PT
41. Participate in the PTA Panel Discussion with prepared questions addressing issues such
    as supervision, independence, attitudes, professional ethics, job satisfaction, and/or any
    other relevant issues.
42. Define the following terms related to professional values and core values:
           value                                         altruism
           respect                                       compassion
           autonomy                                      excellence
           professional ethics                           professional duty
           empathy                                       social responsibility
           accountability

43. Complete personal values clarification assignment and be able to identify 5 values of
    personal priority.
44. List 5 professional values in physical therapy that result in behaviors that reinforce patient
    healing.
45. List 5 professional behaviors that are consistent with patient healing.
46. List at least 5 professional behaviors resulting from values conflicts with patients that may
    detract from patient healing.
47. In a small group of classmates, from a patient scenario, identify the values that are
    conflicted, determine potential professional behaviors that would promote healing and
    those that would detract from healing describe potential strategies to handle the situation in
    a professional manner.
48. List the 8 issues discussed in class that patients bring to the patient/professional “helping”
    relationship and explain how each impacts the patient.
49. Describe the 5 levels of communication that we bring to the “helping” relationship.
50. Define the term “effective helping.”
51. Identify the characteristics of an effective helper with respect to providing physical therapy
    services.
52. In reference to the textbook chart (p.23) "Barriers to Rehabilitation Candidate's Autonomy",
    discuss two of the barriers listed in relationship to patient autonomy.
53. Describe a characteristic of "unhelpful" helping and explain what the impact may be on the
    patient.
54. Define the term "therapeutic presence".
55. Using at least 5 points, describe the ways in which you will project your "therapeutic
    presence" to a patient.
56. Identify the very most important thing that must be remembered about touching our
    patients.
57. List 4 barriers to therapeutic communication and briefly describe an accommodation that
    we can make as a healthcare professional to improve the communication.
58. List the 5 types of touch discussed in class and give an example for each.
59. Describe ways in which a clinician can deduce a patient's response to touch.
60. Describe the 2 goals in patient care that require a "team" approach.
61. Compare the terms multidisciplinary, trans-disciplinary, and integrated delivery system with
    respect to the notion of healthcare teams.
62. List potential members of a healthcare team for a neurorehabilitation patient.
63. Define the personnel identification of OTR/L and COTA.
64. List 5 treatment related activities that are considered "forte" areas for OT.
65. Compare and contrast WA-State laws regarding COTA's and PTA's.
66. Define the personnel identification of CCC, SLP.
67. Define the following terms with respect to speech and language therapy:
           • language                          • oral-motor skills
           • expressive language               • articulation
           • receptive language                • augmentive communication
           • speech
68. Describe an alternative way to communicate for someone who is unable to "talk".
69. Complete a clinical observation in 2 different types of settings in which the student has no
    previous exposure.
70. Describe the facility, comment on the professional values observed, and comment on the
    patient/professional interactions observed in a written assignment.
71. Discuss the observation experience within a small group of classmates.
72. Define an abstract and complete an abstract on one article from physical therapy

73. Present in a meaningful way the material from that article to your classmates.
74. Visit two different type of physical therapy clinics and using the context of the course write
    a synopsis of the clinical facility, observed CORE values, therapeutic communication and
    presence

75. Name two take home messages that you wish to incorporate in your clinical practice style
    from these two settings


                                  PTA Program Grading Policy

    Grades are reported to your permanent transcript as a numerical grade to the nearest tenth
    according to the following table. A numerical grade of less than 2.0 is a failure:

                                Letter         Percent       Numerical
                                Grade                         Grade

                                               96-100            4.0
                                  A              95              3.9
                                                 94              3.8

                                                 93              3.7
                                  A-             92              3.6
                                                90-91            3.5
                                                  89             3.4
                                  B+              88             3.3
                                                  87             3.2

                                                  86             3.1
                                  B               85             3.0
                                                  84             2.9

                                                 83              2.8
                                  B-             82              2.7
                                                80-81            2.6

                                                 79              2.5
                                  C+            77-78            2.4
                                                75-76            2.3

                                                  74             2.2
                                  C             72-73            2.1
                                                70-71            2.0


Z GRADE:
The „Z‟ grade is “an instructor initiated option to withdraw a student from a class after the official
withdraw date has passed”. A „Z‟ grade is not given for non-attendance or to anyone who has
not completed all of the course work to date.
INCOMPLETE GRADE:
If your performance in a course has been generally satisfactory with the exception of 1 or 2
assignments or skill checks, you may be able to arrange for an Incomplete Grade Student
Contract with the instructor. The student or instructor may initiate the request for an incomplete
grade. Incomplete grades are given solely at the instructor‟s discretion and under specific
conditions that must be met to change an incomplete to a permanent grade. An incomplete
grade in any course of the program is equivalent to being placed on probation. If the Student
Contract is not completed as agreed, the student may be dismissed from the program. A copy
of an Incomplete Grade Student Contract can be found in the PTA handbook Appendix.

ATTENDANCE AS IT PERTAINS TO GRADING
While absences or tardiness may be unavoidable for acceptable reasons, please be reminded
that your attendance is considered a critical factor in judging your values to your
profession.

The following is the attendance grading policy (unless excused by physician, related to a
death in family, or at program director‟s discretion):

0 absences = .2 points added to your final GPA for the course.
1 or 2 absences = will not affect grade.
3 or more absences = .2 points subtracted from final GPA for the course.

Clinical Courses: All absences must be made up during clinical rotations.

•• The maximum total absence from a lecture/lab course will be 6 lectures and 6 labs or any
combination thereof. Exceeding this will result in failure of the course.

PROBATIONARY POLICIES
A student will be placed on probation for either of the following reasons:
    1) If they fail three lab or lecture exams or any combination thereof during their two years in
       the program. (A lab exam which requires a retake is considered a failed exam.)
    2) If it is necessary to extend their clinical.

Probationary status requires that a “Probation Contract” be developed by the student
and the faculty involved, and cosigned by the program director.

A student who is on probation will receive an additional probationary contract if s/he:
    1) Fails another exam (lab or lecture), or
    2) Needs another extension on a clinical.

If, after receiving two probationary contracts, a student needs a third probationary contract they
will be dismissed from the program. (Please note that dismissal from the program does not
constitute dismissal from the institution.)

DISABILITY AND SUPPORT SERVICES
SFCC complies with the mandates of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA). It is the student‟s responsibility to make known any disability for
which accommodation is requested. A student requesting accommodations must work through
Disability Support Services to verify their disability and to determine what accommodations are
appropriate. A request for reasonable accommodation by a qualified student with a
documented disability will be considered on a case-by-case basis. All inquiries are considered
confidential.

Reasonable accommodations appropriate for a specific course, a specific classroom, a
laboratory or a clinical setting will be considered. Accommodations that would compromise
patient care or that would fundamentally alter the essential nature of the program or activity are
not considered to be reasonable.

In the event of a denial of an accommodation, a student has the option to appeal the denial by
following the process for complaint resolution listed in the SFCC Policies and Procedures for
Reasonable Accommodations for Students with Disabilities. A copy of the procedure is available
in the Disability Support Services Office.

Any student with a health condition or disability which may require accommodations in order to
effectively participate in any PTA class or clinical, should contact Disability Support Services
(DSS). [Building 17, Room 201, 533-4166]

								
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