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Mayflower Journey

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					Mayflower Journey

    INSTRUCTION Guide




     For use by TIME Zone
           1st Grade




      Revised October 2008
           The Mayflower Journey Station
         Designed for District 67 TIME Zone - 1st Grade


Contents for this station:
     • Antique trunk
     • 2 posters of Mayflower Ship (cross-section view)
     • Powder horn
     • 2 Ink well and quill sets
     • Copy of actual mayflower compact
     • World Map with Mayflower Route
     • If you Sailed on the Mayflower book
     • Mayflower Compact poster
     • Four Posters about the Journey and Life in a New Land
           o Reasons for the Voyage
           o The Long Voyage
           o The Mayflower Compact
           o Life in a New Land
     • Packing for the Voyage Alphabetical List Poster/Game
     • Mayflower Cabin Poster
     • Sample Some Food Poster
     • Mini trunks with various examples of things brought on the
        voyage (wheat seed, cotton, yarn, marbles, etc)
     • Pilgrims Coming to America CD
     • Computer


Set-up for this station:
     • Display websites on the computer
     • Print Packing for the Voyage sheet – one per student
     • Pencils for each student
     • Cut up beef jerky and crackers into small pieces
     • Cut out one section of an egg carton
     • Prepare materials to make the Mayflower
            The Mayflower Journey Station
         Designed for District 67 TIME Zone - 1st Grade


Activities
1. Background Information
   • Explain that the Pilgrims came to America on the ship called the
      Mayflower. Display the website that shows the names of people
      who boarded the Mayflower: Mayflower Passenger List. Ask
      students what names were most common. Do we still see
      people using those names today? You may click on a couple
      people to show them a quick bio. William Bradford, Sarah Eaton
      and Samuel Eaton may be good ones to show. The male
      passengers aboard the Mayflower wrote up and signed the
      Mayflower Compact on November 1620 on their journey to
      America. Point out the replica of the compact and the ink & quill
      that was used to sign it.
   • Next, point out the poster that shows the cross-section of the
      Mayflower. Display this website that shows the Cross-section of
      Mayflower as well.

2. Food Eaten on the Voyage
   • Tear up small pieces of the beef jerky (salt horse) and put it in a
     small paper bowl.
   • Take the Carr’s crackers (Hardtack) and break them in small
     pieces and put them in another small bowl.
   • Put the bowls on the table with the Salt Horse (a salt cured
     meat) and Hardtack (a dry unleavened biscuit).
   • Have students sample the food that was a staple for the Pilgrims
     on their voyage. Begin talking about the Mayflower Journey
     while students are eating.

3. Mayflower Journey
   • Display the website that shows the Route and map of voyage. It
     shows the course that they took.
   • There were hardships on their journey to the New Land. Show
     pictures from the Mayflower Voyage to show students the
     difficulties the Pilgrims had to overcome.

4. Make a Mayflower Ship
   Students will be making a tiny replica of the Mayflower. They will
   use the ship they made to trace the Pilgrims’ route to the New
   World, traveling from England to the northeastern coast of North
   America on the big floor map.
  Making the Mayflower:
    • Cut out one section of an egg carton to make the Pilgrims'
       ship.
    • Trim the egg carton segment to look like the hull of a boat.
       Cut out a 2-inch square paper sail for the boat. Fold over a
       small portion where it will attach to a toothpick. Put glue on
       the flap that will fold over.
    • Put a toothpick on the fold line. Fold the paper over, forming
       a small sail.
    • Push a toothpick through the sail in two places (perpendicular
        to the other toothpick).
    • Put a small lump of modeling clay in the bottom of the boat
        and insert a toothpick mast into each one.
    • If time permits, you may have students use markers to color
       and decorate the Mayflower.
    • Use your boats to trace the Pilgrims' route to the New World.
       (They traveled from England to the northeastern coast of
        North America.)

4. Packing for the Voyage
   • Look at the antique trunk and discuss what items the Pilgrims
     took on the voyage
   • Display the website that shows the Things Pilgrims brought on
     the Mayflower
   • Have students look at the Packing for the Voyage worksheet
   • Students will decide which items the Pilgrims would have taken
     to bring on their voyage to the New World
   • Students will use a pen/pencil to put an X in the box of items
     they think the Pilgrims would have taken

What’s in the trunk? (Optional, if time permits)
  • Take out the mini wooden trunks and lay them out on the table.
  • Have the kids shake them and see if they can guess what kinds
    of things the Pilgrims brought with them.
  • Open the trunks and explain what each item is and why they
    might have packed it.
  • Trunks have wheat seed, wool, yarn, marbles, etc. (wheat seed
    for planting in the new world, wool for making
    fabric/clothes/blankets, yarn for sewing, marbles for recreation)

				
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