Introduction to ORD by thejokerishere

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									                                          Introduction to ORD
                                          Kevin Y. Teichman, Ph.D.
                                          Deputy Assistant Administrator for Science, ORD



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Office of Research and Development
Immediate Office of the Assistant Administrator                                                                                 January 23, 2009
 Office of Research and Development
                                                 1,915 employees
                                                 $557 million budget*
                                                 $70 million extramural research grant
                                                  program*
                                                 13 lab or research facilities across the
                                                  U.S.
                                                 Credible, relevant and timely research
                                                  results and
                                                technical support that inform EPA policy
                                                  decisions

                                                *FY07 requested levels (data obtained via ORMA)




United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                                                1
 Office of Research and Development Mission
                                                 Advance scientific knowledge to solve the
                                                 environmental problems the Agency faces
                                                – Perform human health and ecological effects
                                                  research that provides scientific discoveries
                                                  responsive to the environmental questions the
                                                  Agency must address
                                                – Support EPA Program Offices, Regions, and other
                                                  governmental and non-governmental
                                                  organizations through scientific and technical
                                                  advice and assistance so that their operations
                                                  benefit from the most up-to-date science
                                                – Provide scientific leadership in identifying,
                                                  studying, and resolving critical environmental
                                                  health and ecological effects issues and in
                                                  shaping the environmental health and ecological
                                                  effects research agenda


United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                                                  2
                                             Support for EPA’s Mission

                                                                EPA Mission:
                                                   Protect human health and safeguard
                                                   the natural environment – air, water, land –
                                                   upon which life depends




    PROGRAM OFFICES                                                                               REGIONAL OFFICES
(Air, Water, Waste, Pesticides/Toxics)
                                                                                                           Primary
    Policies,      Congressional                                                                    Interface with States
  Regulations        deadlines


             National                                                                               Implementation
             Decisions
                                                              OFFICE OF
                                                            RESEARCH AND
                                                            DEVELOPMENT

                                                                  Scientific
   United States Environmental Protection Agency
                                                                 Foundation
   United States Environmental Protection Agency
   Office of Research and Development
   Office of Research and Development
                                                                                                                            3
                                             Office of Research and Development

                                                                                   Immediate Office
                                                                            of the Assistant Administrator                               Office of the
                                                                                                                                           Science
                                                                                                                                           Advisor
                                                            George Gray, Assistant Administrator & Agency Science Advisor               Pai-Yei Whung;
                                                             Kevin Teichman, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Science                EPA Chief Scientist
                                                             Lek Kadeli, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Management


                                                                                                                         National Program Directors
                                                                                                                  Air: Dan Costa
                                                                                                                  Drinking Water: Audrey Levine
                        Office of Resources          Office of Science                                            Water Quality: Chuck Noss
                         Management and                    Policy                                                 Pesticides and Toxics: Elaine Francis
                          Administration                                                                          Land: Randy Wenstel
                                                                                                                  Human Health: Sally Darney
                        Howard Cantor, Acting         Jeff Morris, Acting                                         Ecosystem Protection: Rick Linthurst
                                                                                                                  Global Change/Mercury: Joel Scheraga




 National Health and      National Exposure      National Center for                    National                 National Center for             National Homeland   National Center for
Environmental Effects    Research Laboratory      Environmental                    Risk Management                Environmental                  Security Research    Computational
Research Laboratory                                 Assessment                    Research Laboratory                 Research                         Center            Toxicology

     Hal Zenick,              Larry Reiter          Peter Preuss                     Sally Gutierrez                Bill Sanders                 Jonathan Herrmann     Robert Kavlock




         United States Environmental Protection Agency
         Office of Research and Development                                                                                                                                     4
                                 How ORD Evolves its Research Program
                                                      ORD Executive Council
  Decision Inputs                                                                                         Evaluation
                                                        Corporate Decisions on
                                             What We Do . . .   and . . .       How We Do It
Programs and
                                                                                                     Program and
Regions (RCTs)                         Planning the Program            Implementing the Program
                                                                                                     Regional Office
EPA Strategic Plan                                                                                   Feedback

Administration’s
priorities
                                                NPDs                           L/C Directors         BOSC Program
Congressional                                                                                        Evaluations
                                      Decide What Research                     Responsible for
mandates
                                      Area-Specific Needs are                 Developing ORD’s
BOSC Reviews                             and When needed                      Research Products

SAB, NAS, other                                                                                      NAS, NAPA, and
external advice                                                                                      other advisory bodies

Stakeholders                               L/C Directors                           NPDs
NPDs, SC, MC, EC                      Decide When and How                      Responsible for
                                         ORD Produces its                   Communicating Products   PART Reviews
                                        Research Products                        to Clients
     United States Environmental Protection Agency
     Office of Research and Development                                                                           5
                  Implementing an ORD Evaluation Framework

                  Research Program                          Clients          Environmental Outcomes and Results




     Resources          Research            Research         Policy       Short-Term       Intermediate   Long-Term
                         Activities          Outputs      Development     Outcomes          Outcomes      Outcomes



                                                                                            Strategic      Strategic
                                                                                            Objectives      Goals




                                           Independent Expert Evaluation:
                   Focus:             Outcome-oriented progress; R&D investment criteria
                   Evidence:          MYPs; synthesis products; performance data; client feedback
                   Attribution: Sphere of influence that includes ORD, EPA clients & partners



United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                                                                     6
 Purpose of the Multi-Year Plans

 • Planning tool to address Agency’s high priority science
     questions
 •   Provides information to assist and support resource decisions
 •   Demonstrates how program contributes to Agency strategic
     goals
 •   Assists in determining accountability of performance
 •   Provides information to be used in Program Assessment
     Rating Tool Review by OMB
 •   Communicates research inside and outside ORD




United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                   7
                                 Multi-Year Plan Elements

                Long-Term Goals (LTG)
                •Identify time-frame to deliver work
                •Determine ORD role and role of others



                              Annual Performance Goals (APG)
                              •Identify sequence to provide results
                              •Integrate research from all sources



                                                Annual Performance Measures (APM)
                                                •Determine who will accomplish work
                                                (in-house lab or center or STAR
                                                research)
                                                •Ensure work can be done with available
                                                resources

United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                                        8
                                      Multi-Year Research Areas

    • Air                                             • Ecological Research
         –   Air Toxics                                 – Ecosystem Protection
         –   Particulate Matter                         – Water Quality
                                                        – Sustainability/Pollution Prevention
         –   Ozone
         –   Mercury                                  • Human Health
                                                        – Human Health Research
    • Water
                                                        – Computational Toxicology
         – Water Quality
                                                        – Sustainability/Pollution Prevention
         – Drinking Water
                                                      • Human Health Risk Assessment
    • Land
                                                        – IRIS
         –   Contaminated Sites
         –   Hazardous Waste                            – National Ambient Air Quality
                                                          Standards
         –   Safe Pesticides/Safe Products
         –   Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals           • Global Change
         –   Nanotechnology                           • Homeland Security



United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                                              9
                         From Planning to Program Evaluation

                           Planning
                                                        Performing
                                                        Research




                                                      Communicating
                    Evaluating                        Research Results
                   Performance
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                       10
 BOSC Program Evaluations

  Help answer the questions:
      • Are we doing the right science?
      • Are we doing the science right?

  Provide guidance for evolving the research/assessment
    program

  Provide evidence for OMB evaluations using the Performance
    Assessment Rating Tool




United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                              11
 Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)

      –   Evaluates program effectiveness in four areas: Purpose/Design,
          Strategic Planning, Program Management, and Program Results

      –   Programs receive numerical score and rating (Effective, Moderately
          Effective, Adequate, Results Not Demonstrated, Ineffective)

      –   Results based on annual and long-term performance goals with
          emphasis on outcomes

      –   External program evaluations are addressed in both the Strategic
          Planning and Results sections




United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                             12
 R&D Criteria

 • R&D specific questions in PART reflect OMB/OSTP Investment
    Criteria for R&D: Quality, Relevance, Performance
      – R&D investments must be clearly planned to be relevant to national
        priorities, agency missions, and customer needs

      – Programs must maximize the quality of the research they invest in

      – R&D programs must demonstrate performance by setting annual and
        long-term goals and demonstrating progress toward outcomes




United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                           13
                                                R&D Criteria
 • Relevance

      – The purpose of the research/assessment program is clear

      – The program responds to a specific existing environmental problem
        relevant to EPA’s mission, national priorities, and primary clients

      – The program demonstrates an outcome-oriented design

      – The program’s benefits (e.g, contribution to outcomes) are unique or
        extend beyond similar government or private sector contributions;
        program coordination is effective in minimizing or avoiding
        duplication

      – There are a small number of performance goals focused on scientific
        progress to answer key questions (or reduce uncertainty) linked to
        the program’s outcomes
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                             14
                                                R&D Criteria
 • Quality

      – Merit-based procedures are used to ensure the program’s scientific
        quality and leadership. The program compares favorably to similar
        programs (e.g., in other agencies).

      – When the program allocates funds extramurally (e.g., through
        assistance mechanisms) it ensures merit-based competition,
        relevance to the program’s objectives, and independent review by
        subject matter experts.

      – When the program allocates funds non-competitively (e.g., to federal
        laboratories) appropriate merit-based procedures are used.

      – The program may conduct benchmarking of scientific leadership and
        other factors as one means of assessing program quality.

United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                             15
                                                R&D Criteria
• Performance

     – The program identifies relevant inputs (e.g, stakeholder guidance, human
       capital, research infrastructure) to ensure that implementation results in
       the intended research activities & outputs

     – The program demonstrates the ability to produce identifiable results:
          • Conceptual frameworks (risk paradigm, logic model) link research questions,
            performance goals, clients, and outcomes with a specific environmental
            problem
          • Performance goals serve to answer key research questions and track how the
            program will improve scientific understanding and its application.

     – The program periodically assesses research progress and priorities as
       new scientific knowledge is developed

     – The program demonstrates that it meets performance goals

     – The program obtains client feedback and demonstrates that progress is
       being made to achieve outcomes.
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                                    16
 Summary

 • ORD seeks input from many sources to enhance and evolve
   its research program.
 • BOSC program evaluations are one of the most important
   inputs.
 • Your review of ORD research programs will be of great value,
   and is much appreciated.




United States Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development                                17

								
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