# Round 4 Tossups 1 In Robbins versus this entity_ the Court ruled

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```							Round 4

Tossups

1. In Robbins versus this entity, the Court ruled that a closed piece of luggage in a car was constitutionally protected
from being searched. The Court first extended fourteenth amendment protection to first amendment issues at the
state level in a case stemming from this entity's ban of red flags, Stromberg versus this state. Justice Harlan claimed
that "One man's vulgarity is another's lyric" in an opinion that overturned this state's conviction of a man wearing a
jacket containing the words "Fuck the Draft," Cohen versus this state. Potter Stewart struck down his "I know it
when I see it" doctrine put forth in Roth v. U.S. in Miller versus this state. FTP, name this state whose namesake
university regents were sued by Bakke.

2. When the queue in this algorithm is implemented with a linear array, it can be shown to run in Big O of V
squared, so a Fibonacci heap is sometimes used instead to reduce its running time to Big O of quantity E plus V log
V. By relaxing all entities at each step, the Bellman-Ford algorithm handles the case of negative weights where this
algorithm breaks down. A generalization of this algorithm using a distance heuristic is called A [A Star], and this
algorithm initially sets the distance to all vertexes to be infinity. It functions in a greedy manner by selecting the
edge with the smallest known weight to a node that has not yet been visited. FTP, identify this algorithm that finds
the single source shortest paths in a graph, named for its Dutch formulator.

3. The protagonist explains away his wishy-washiness by claiming that "life is a dream," and he spills his drink into
his friend's lap when he sees his love interest. Near the beginning of this work, an old gentleman proves using a
syllogism that because Socrates is dead and has four paws, he is a cat. Mr. Beouf is a minor character in this work
who is supposedly home sick from work, and Papillon is the protagonist's boss. Botard is a stuffy traditionalist in
this work, while Dudard is a rival for the protagonist's love interest. Daisy leaves the protagonist, who claims "I will
not capitulate!" at the end of, FTP, what absurdist work of Eugene Ionesco in which most characters transform into
the titular animal?

4. The rock varnish named for these regions consists of clay with manganese and iron oxides. Streamlined ridges
known as yardangs and mountain remnants next to low-relief surfaces known as pediments are two of the erosional
features associated with these environments. Layers of gravel comprise their namesake pavements, formed by
deflation. They sometimes contain playas [PLIGH-uz], which can be important sources for evaporite minerals. Often
found near the descending portions of the polar and Hadley cells, or near mountain ranges that produce rain
shadows, FTP name these arid environments.

5. This character is referred to by the kenning "fadir logseims," and one myth holds that Hymir cut a fishing line that
held this character hooked on the other end. The mischievous giant Utgard-Loki dares Thor to lift this character in
the form of a cat, but Thor can only lift a paw. His siblings by Angrboda and Loki include Hel and Fenrir, and along
with Nidhogg he enjoys gnawing on the roots of Yggdrasil. He is fated to poison the sky at Ragnarok, after which
he will be killed by Thor, who will walk nine paces before falling victim to his poison. FTP, name this Midgard
Serpent from Norse myth.
ANSWER: Jormungandr [accept "World Serpent" or "Midgard Serpent" before it is read]

6. This man was pulled over for a DUI in 2006 driving a Lincoln Navigator in Cape Coral, Florida. Despite posting
33 strikeouts in just over 23 innings in his first season of work, he had a 5.70 ERA. He won the AL Rookie of the
Month two consecutive months in 2006, and he outdueled Roger Clemens in Houston during that man's first start of
the 2006 year. He lost the All Star Game's final vote to a player he was traded for, A.J. Pierzynski, and that trade
also involved Boof Bonser. After a successful rehab stint with Rochester, this pitcher was shut down against the
Oakland Athletics and underwent Tommy John Surgery, missing the entire 2007 year. FTP, name this Twins left-
handed starting pitcher.
work in a "resolute reading." Its frontispiece contains a quote about "everything we say" by Kurnburger. This work
claims that the existence of "atomic states of affairs" constitutes fact, and that a thought is a logical picture of a fact.
This work is broken down into seven propositions, the first of which states that "The world is everything that is the
case." FTP, name this work that claims "That which we cannot speak of we must pass over in silence," a book-
length work of Ludwig Wittgenstein.
ANSWER: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus or Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung

8. One character in this story has a "cow to pluck" with the protagonist over his semi-anonymous newspaper
column, and the protagonist begs out of a trip to his wife's homeland because of a cycling trip to France, Belgium, or
Germany. Miss Ivors calls the protagonist a "West Briton" during a dance, and he questions whether he should
quote Shakespeare instead of Robert Browning. This story is set during the Misses Morkan's annual dance, where
aunts Kate and Julia host a Christmas party and the protagonist gives a dinner speech. FTP, name this story in
which the faintly falling snow calls up memories of Gretta's first love Michael Furey, a work featuring Gabriel
Conroy that is the last story in James Joyce's Dubliners.

9. This state is home to the Flaming Gorges Dam, and the Niobrara River rises in this state. The California Trail's
South Pass, the cutoff to the Mormon Trail, was located in this state. The lowest point in this state is along the Belle
Fourche River, and its highest point is Gannett Peak in the Wind River Range. A large reservoir in this state is
known as Jackson Lake, and Gillette and Rock Springs are some of its largest cities. With its northern neighbor, this
state shares the Big Horn range of the Rockies, and it is the site of the first national monument in the U.S. FTP,
name this state that is home to Devil's Tower and most of Yellowstone National Park, with capital at Cheyenne.

10. Before this battle, a man named Half King convinced the victorious commander to ambush a war party at
Jumonville Glen, and though the commanding officer was taken prisoner, Half King killed him during interrogation.
Captain James McKay refused to take orders from the victorious commander in the leadup to this battle. The battle
here is also known as the battle of the Great Meadows, and one commander was on orders from Robert Dinwiddie.
Prior to it, a log palisade structure was built. FTP, name this battle between the French under Louis de Villiers and
the British under George Washington that took place at a makeshift stronghold near Fort Duquesne.

11. These compounds can be created from alcohols and nitriles in the Pinner reaction, and the Mitsunobu reaction
uses triphenylphosphine to create them stereospecifically. Phenyl types of these compounds undergo a variant of the
Friedel-Crafts reaction known as the Fries Rearrangement. A useful reaction using the malonic type of them is used
to create carboxylic acids, and cyclic ones are known as lactones. They are hydrolyzed by a base in saponification,
and they are most often created by combining carboxylic acids and alcohols under reflux, a reaction named for
Fischer. FTP, name this class of compounds that is responsible for the sweet smell of fruit, and that contain a carbon
double bonded to an oxygen and double bonded to another oxygen.

12. One movement of this piece contains the refrain "Dark is life, is death," and it ends with the line "Blue lights the
horizon / forever... forever..." The last movement contains notoriously difficult-to-execute instructions to disregard
the tempo and spill over barlines. The third movement is in the ternary and pentatonic, "Of Youth," while the
second movement laments dying flowers and fleeting beauty, "The Lonely Soul in Autumn." This work features a
horn theme in its "The Drunkard in Spring" movement, while the first movement is "The Drinking Song" of the
land's misery. FTP, name this work inspired by the poetry of Li Po, a composition for two vocal soloists and
orchestra by Gustav Mahler.
ANSWER: Das Lied von der Erde or The Song of the Earth

13. The earliest known one married Klara Widolf, and one "of the doe" went bankrupt. An enclave named after
them is still available to live in for about one euro per year, but residents must say the Nicene Creed daily.
Successful ones were "of the lily" and included a master weaver and alderman named Ulrich. One of them provided
the funds Charles V used to bribe Holy Roman Electors and become Emperor, which led to their being ennobled and
earning the right to sell indulgences. Jakob the Elder and Jakob the Rich were two members of this family, and
Martin Luther created a term for usury based on this family's name. FTP, name this German banking family
centered around Augsburg.

14. In the Decretals Boniface VIII ordered the feasts of four of them to be kept as doubles, while Benedict XIV
explained a criteria for becoming one as declaration either by the Pope or an ecumenical council. Ramon Llull is
only referred to as "blessed," but many in Catalonia regard him as holding this title, and the four great ones of the
Eastern Church include Basil the Great, Athanasius, and John Chrysostom. Therese de Lisieux was recognized as
this by John Paul II, and the four original ones were Pope Gregory I, Augustine, Jerome, and Ambrose. FTP, name
this subset of Catholic saints that includes prominent writers like Thomas Aquinas and Teresa of Avila.
ANSWER: Doctors of the Catholic Church or Doctores Ecclesiae (don't prompt on "saints")

15. After this organization suffered a large purge, its surviving members were known as "The Crest." Before the
Thermidorian reaction, this group was largely synonymous with the Jacobins. This group's notable members
included Camille Desmoulins, and it made up a large majority in the Committee For Public Safety when that
organization had power. It allied with the sans-culottes to oppose the Girondins, and this political group's prominent
leaders included Georges Danton. FTP, name this French Revolution group that got its name from the fact that its
members sat on the highest benches of the Assembly.
ANSWER: The Mountain or La Montagne (accept montagnards)

16. One monarch by this name put down the Aramco worker protests and created the first "five year plan" in his
country. That man forged an alliance with Pakistan that saw him become the namesake of Lyallpur, its third-largest
city. Another ruler by this name signed an agreement with Chaim Weizmann and was expelled from one of the
territories he ruled after the San Remo Conference and the Battle of Maysalun. Another ruler by this name was
killed during Abdul Karim Qassim's coup d'etat and was the last Hashemite ruler. FTP, give the common name of
these three kings, one of Saudi Arabia from 1964-1975, the other two of Iraq, including the last king of that country.

17. This work eulogizes "The Life and Death of a Butterfly," and one section of this work claimed "I fly about, pass
through, / sing and chat for days on end." One section claims that "nobody knows where the assassins / buried these
bodies, / but they'll rise from the earth." In addition to "The Sands Betrayed," and "The Woodcutter Awakens,"
another section of this work claims that the earth's name is Juan. "The Liberators" and "The Conquistadores" are
two sections of this work, and a notable poem from this collection urges the reader to "rise up and be born with me,
my brother." FTP, name this book of poems that contains "The Heights of Macchu Picchu," a poetic history of
South America by Pablo Neruda.
ANSWER: Canto General (or like, General Song or something like that)

18. The actions of this painting were the subject of Florent Dancort's Les trois cousines. A second incarnation of
this painting features an extra figure holding a man in a billowing blue cloak on her lap in the lower right. That
version clearly depicts a plumed helmet and shield resting against a gigantic pedestal at right, while two flying
creatures chase each other near the center. In both versions, a dog looks expectantly back at a woman in yellow and
a man with a walking stick in red, and next to them a man in blue and red helps a woman off the ground. Flying
cherubs cavort around a waiting ship that pairs of lovers trot downhill to board in, FTP, what rococo painting by
Jean Watteau?
ANSWER: The Embarkation for Cythera [if it involves going places and Cythera, it's right]

19. His autobiography contained such chapters as "Kid-Talk-Folk Talk" and several biographical vignettes he
dubbed "album faces." A poem in which this author claimed "it is too early and I am not footloose yet, "Broken-
Face Gargoyles," contains the line that supplies that autobiography's title, Always the Young Strangers. He exhorted
"Pack me down in the salt and wet" and "Sling me under the sea" in a work titled "Bones." He wrote of passengers
who ask the conductor "What place is this? / Where are we now?" at sites like Ypres and Verdun, and of an entity
that "sits...on silent haunches" and comes "on little cat feet." FTP, name this poet of "Grass," "Fog," and "Chicago."
20. Some methods of destroying these structures include the Parkland and Irving procedures, while these structures
can be reversibly destroyed in the Pomeroy technique. These structures are inflamed in Salpinghitis, and one end of
this structure contains the fimbriae; this part is called the ostium. Its mucosa contains peg cells and cilia, and this
structure develops from the embryonic Mullerian ducts. Its ampulla is the most common site of human fertilization.
FTP, name this pair of structures that can be destroyed in ectopic pregnancies, a pair of tubes that connect the uterus
to the ovaries.
Bonuses

1. Name these short stories of William Faulkner, FTPE:
[10] Miss Grierson is the title character of this story. She loves the Yankee Homer Barron, and she poisons him and
leaves his corpse on the bed when he threatens to leave.
[10] Colonel Sartoris Snopes is only ten years old in this story, and he warns Major de Spain that his father Abner
will commit the title crime. Major de Spain shoots Abner after an encounter near the title edifice.
[10] Isaac McCaslin and Roth Edmonds go hunting in this story. Roth's lover, alternately called "the doe" and "The
Negress," is actually related to both of them.

2. Zachariah and Morris are the two protagonists, who dress up as a servant and menial using clothes purchased to
impress a pen pal. FTPE:
[10] Name this play whose title entity is defined as the "bond between brothers."
[10] This author of MASTER HAROLD...and the Boys and The Road to Mecca wrote The Blood Knot.
[10] This is the pen pal of Zachariah and Morris in The Blood Knot. The money they were saving to buy a farm is
used to buy clothes to impress her.

[10] Some enzymes can be regulated by a molecule attaching to a site distant from the active site. Such regulation
goes by this name.
[10] This form of inhibition results when different molecules is able to bind the active site and block the entry of the
substrate. It results in an increase in K m but doesn’t change the maximum velocity.
[10] Enzyme inhibition can be viewed as shifts in this double reciprocal plot, which is derived by rearranging the
Michaelis-Menten equation. The y-intercept is the reciprocal of V max.

4. Jean-Paul Sartre wrote philosophy too. FTPE:
[10] This "Phenomenonological Essay on Ontology" by Sartre talks about "the look," which Sartre claims is the
basis of sexual desire.
ANSWER: Being and Nothingness: A Phenomonological Essay on Ontology (or L'Etre et le neant: Essai
d'ontologie phénoménologique)
[10] This concept originated in Being and Nothingness is defined as an individual negating their true nature to
become a new self. Sartre using the example of the waiter who becomes over-friendly when he assumes his
"waiter" role.
[10] Sartre defined this kind of "being" in Being and Nothingness as non-conscious and non-transcendent. Sartre
claims that the desire for humanity to attain this state of being is akin to the desire to be God, and leads to bad faith.

5. He was the younger brother of Richard the Lionhearted and earned the nicknames Lackland and Soft-Sword.
FTPE:
[10] Name this king of England who was forced to sign the Magna Carta.
[10] King John wanted to install John de Gray as Archbishop of Canterbury, but this man wanted Stephen Langton.
This pope also called the Fourth Crusade.
ANSWER: Innocent III or Lotario di Segni
[10] Philip Augustus of France overcame King John's military strategy in crushing Otto IV and Ferrand of Flanders
at this battle. The barons of England weren't too happy losing their Normandy possessions because of this battle.

6. The protagonist breaks off his engagement to Ernestina for the title character, FTPE:
[10] Name this novel in which Charles Smithson relentlessly pursues the mysterious Sarah Woodruff.
[10] This author of The Collector and Daniel Martin wrote The French Lieutenant's Woman.
[10] The short, old man Maurice Conchis is the titular illusionist of this Fowles novel about the psychological
journey of Nicholas Urfe.

7. It purports to show the tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. FTPE:
[10] Name this curve from economics named after a certain Alban William.
[10] This dude won the 2006 Nobel in econ for showing that the long-run Phillips curve is vertical. He called this
long-run curve the NAIRU.
[10] Phelps based his model on this John Muth-postulated theory that Robert Lucas developed. It basically theorizes
how economic actors make a best guess of the future.

8. In humans, it is known as the HLA, and it comes in three classes and is coded for by hundreds of alleles. FTPE:
[10] Identify this glycoprotein marker that is responsible for organ rejection and distinguishing self from non-self.
[10] MHC type 2 molecules are only displayed by dendritic cells, macrophages, and these cells, which produce
antibodies and are subdivided into plasma and memory types.
[10] In contast, MHC type 1 molecules bind to this coreceptor of the T-cell receptor. It is also used by HIV to enter
its target cells, which is why its count is often decreased in AIDS patients.
ANSWER: CD4 (“cluster of differentiation 4”)

9. Name these rivers of South America, FTPE:
[10] This river forms from the Río Negro and hooks up with the Paraná to form the Río de la Plata. Oh yeah, it's
named after a country with capital Montevideo.
ANSWER: Río Uruguay or Uruguay River
[10] This river is home to the biggest-assed freshwater crocodiles in the world. It's the chief river of Venezuela.
ANSWER: Río Orinoco or Orinoco River
[10] This river that begins in the Tumuk Humak Mountains forms much of the disputed border between French
Guiana and Suriname.
ANSWER: Maroni River or Marowijne River or Lawa River

10. Name these crazy abstract expressionists FTPE:
[10] He painted Lavender Mist and Blue Poles and married Lee Krasner. He's also known as "The Dripper."
[10] This Dutch abstract expressionist started off with canvases like Light in August and Excavation before moving
on to the Woman series.
[10] This Armenian abstract expressionist painted himself with his mother, notably blotting out her hands. He also
painted the crazy-awesome canvas The Liver is the Cock's Comb.

11. Show you're not a yellow bastard and name these actors from the movie Sin City, FTPE:
[10] This tired-looking actor played Roark Jr., also known as That Yellow Bastard. He also played John Connor in
Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines.
[10] This actress played the exceptionally blue-eyed and faithless prostitute Becky in Sin City. Other film roles for
this large-foreheaded actress include Winnie in Tuck Everlasting and Lena in The Sisterhood of the Travelling
Pants.
[10] This actress played "little" Nancy Callahan, who Bruce Willis's character noted "grew up." This former star of
TV's "Flipper" played Sue Storm in Fantastic Four.

12. It occurred on the Vietnamese Lunar New Year, and some of the heaviest attacks were on Saigon. FTPE:
[10] Name this nationwide Viet Cong push during the Vietnam War.
ANSWER: Tet Offensive/Mau Than (or Tong Cong Kich or Tong Khoi Ngia; prompt on "general
offensive/uprising")
[10] This American-controlled hill was under siege following the Tet Offensive. The chairman of the Joint Chiefs
of Staff considered using tactical nuclear weapons to break the siege here.
[10] This battle that resulted from the Tet Offensive saw 2,500 marines defeat 10,000 People's Army and Viet Cong
soldiers. The attack centered on holding "The Citadel," a U.S. fortress on the northern side of the namesake city.

13. Solifluction, slumps and landslides are examples of this type of process. FTPE:
[10] Name this downhill movement of large quantities of material produced by gravity rather than erosional forces.
[10] This term denotes the slowest form of mass wasting of unconsolidated material. It also denotes continuous,
aseismic movement along faults between earthquakes.
[10] KREEP deposits of basaltic rock on this body are linked with the hypothesis that it formed when a Mars-sized
impactor hit Earth. Many KREEP deposits have been found near its Mare Imbrium.

14. The libretto is by Nahum Tate, and much of its structure comes from John Blow's Venus and Adonis. FTPE:
[10] Name this British baroque opera that contains the aria "Ah, Belinda."
[10] This British composer of the operas King Arthur and The Fairy-Queen composed Dido and Aeneas.
[10] This lamenting aria from Dido and Aeneas contains the last words spoken by Dido, "Remember me, but ah!
forget my fate." The chorus sings the aria "With drooped wings," immediately after.
ANSWER: "When I am laid in earth"

15. Andrew Jackson declared that this entity was "trying to kill me...but I will kill it!" FTPE:
[10] Name this financial institution that Jackson succeeded in killing when he failed to renew its charter by veto in
1832.
ANSWER: The Second Bank of the United States
[10] This man became president of the Second Bank of the United States upon the resignation of Langdon Cheeves.
He famously disputed with Jackson over the renewal of the Bank's charter.
[10] Jackson replaced pro-Bank Louis McLane as his treasury secretary in 1833 in favor of this man, who balked at
withdrawing federal funds from the Bank. He was replaced by Roger Taney, who complied with Jackson's request,
just a few months later.
16. Although originally established empirically, it can be obtained by integrating the Planck distribution over all
wavelengths and solid angles. For 10 points each:
[10] Identify this law, which states that the power density of blackbody radiation scales as the fourth power of the
temperature.
[10] An alternate derivation of the Stefan-Boltzmann law relies on the thermodynamic identity and makes use of one
of these relations, which relate the partial derivatives of various thermodynamic quantities to each other.
[10] Taking the partial derivative of the Planck distribution with respect to wavelength and setting that equal to zero
gives the peak wavelength of a blackbody's radiation for a given temperature, a law known by this name.

17. It was first published in seven individual parts, including Sodom and Gomorrah and The Captive. FTPE:
[10] Name this work of Marcel Proust.
ANSWER: In Search of Lost Time (A la recherché du temps perdu) or Remembrance of Things Past
[10] This section of In Search of Lost Time begins with the famous tea-soaked Madeleine scene. The title character
is a friend of Marcel's grandparents visiting them, and thus Marcel's mother does not kiss him goodnight.
ANSWER: Swann's Way or Du cote de chez Swann
[10] Charles Swann and his wife have a daughter, this character. Marcel is infatuated with her for a while, but
eventually his brooding nature and pampered upbringing bore her.

18. Name these characters from native American myth, FTPE:
[10] This animal figure is a common motif in native mythology. In one notable myth, he dislodges his penis and
attempts to have sex with a bathing princess, but an old medicine woman spoils his fun with an awl.
[10] This fertility deity from the American Southwest is generally depicted as a hunchbacked flute-player. He is
also a trickster and agriculture god.
[10] A horned one of these creatures was revered as a rain and thunder god in many native American cultures. He
went by the name Sint Holo in Choctaw myth and Pita-skog in Abenaki myth.

19. Name some stuff about Mao, FTPE:
[10] When he wasn't deflowering ten-year-old virgins, Mao enjoyed leading his Red Armies on massive retreats
from the KMT, such as this really lengthy jaunt to Shaanxi.
ANSWER: The Long March or Changzheng
[10] This 1957 campaign encouraged new viewpoints on China's domestic and international problems. It was
probably a trap to identify intellectual dissenters.
ANSWER: The Hundred Flowers Campaign/Movement/Program or baihua yundong
[10] After his second wife Yang Kaihui died at the hands of KMT torturers, Mao married this warrior woman, a
capable fighter and excellent shooter in guerrilla warfare.
ANSWER: He Zizhen (prompt on "Zizhen")

20. Mr. Yorick is the protagonist of this novel, and it ends in mid-sentence with a French lady's maid coming
between the protagonist and the lady. FTPE:
[10] Name this novel in which Madame de L--, Madame de R--, and Count de B—are encountered.
[10] This author of Journal to Eliza and Tristram Shandy wrote A Sentimental Journey.
[10] When an innkeeper suggests that Yorick needs a servant, he hires this flute-playing boy who says goodbye to
his many sweethearts to accompany Yorick.

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