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					Internationa
l Space
Station
Topic: International Space
Station

 What is it?
 Who is making it?
 How many modules?
 The astronauts
 Main aim
 The waste of ISS
            What is it?
 First international space project
 Made of several modules
 Astronauts living for 3 to 4
  months
 Tasks and experiments are
  conducted
 More modules are being added
  to it
    Who is making it?
 USA (NASA)
 Russia
 Europe
 Japan
 Canada
 Italy
 Brazil
What modules that form
the ISS?
 Zvezda Module
 U.S. Habitation Module
 Zarya Module
 Unity Module
 Destiny Module
 JEM
 Canadian Mobile Servicing
 CRV
 Astronauts on board

 Typically,3
 When situation warrants,
  2
 Will be possible, 7
       Main Aims
 Experiments   under zero
  gravity
 Medical treatment
 Construction of a large
  space station
 Co-operation
   The waste of ISS

 Bring back to the earth
 Send towards the home
  planet
More Pictures
  please!!!
Procedure
 Presentation:   China
  Industry
 News
 Vocabulary Test
 Talk about what we have
  learned
Vocabulary of Space
Space  shuttle,
 spacecraft mission,
 space probe, orbiter
Module, solar power
 panel, command center,
 outpost,
           Components
       controllers, power
 flight
 generator, fuel cell, a
 companion orbiting craft,
 robotic rover, retrorockets
 Robotic arm, construction
 shovel, speeding probe
Actions
 Dock    with
 Be assembled in space
 Fulfill the objectives
 Revive the space probe
 Transmission of scientific
  data
Actions
 Head  for
 Direct operation
 Confirm a theory
 Return in triumph
 Play chase with
 Recover from weightlessness
Actions
 Touch  down near …
 Unlock the secrets
 Slow its descent
 Employ a robotic arm
 Measure the distribution of…
 Descend, release, crash,
  inspect
Expressions
 Detect organic molecules
 Some form of life evolve
 The presence of organic
  molecules
 The presence of organic
  molecules
Expressions
 Find   chemical signals
 Orbit Jupiter
 A wrinkled surface
  pockmarked with impacts
  from asteroids and comets
 Contain essential ingredients
  for life
Raise/up the stakes
Raise the prize or reward for what
 you are competing:
 They  are trying to raise the
 stakes (make people take
 notice of the situation) by
 refusing to let the boat dock
 until they are given money
 and aid
At stake
 Thousands    of lives would be
  at stake if the emergency aid
  does not arrive in time
 The real issue at stake (to be
  discussed) is not how much
  the painting should be sold
  for but rather whether it
  should be sold at all.
Stake    verb
 She  will be head of this
  company and I’d stake my
  reputation on it.
 The company was taking
  a huge gamble by staking
  its future on expensive
  new technology
New expression
 To  be briefed: to be
  informed in detail
 To map out a plan: to plan
  in detail
 Payload: amount of goods
  which a vehicle can carry
 Expand the options for…
Mir
 What  does it mean in
  Russian?
 A core block
 Living quarters
 Docking ports
 Host cosmonauts
Mir
 Hold  the record for the
  longest stay in orbit
 Its orbit is failing
 Collision with other
  spacecraft
 Attacks on its wiring
Mir
 Microbes   that eat metal and
  glass
 A remarkable achievement of
  human ingenuity
 A marathon 380 days
 The interior of the station in
  simulation exercises
Simulation
 The   manager prepared a
  computer simulation of likely
  sales performance for the
  next year.
 It is difficult to tell which of
  the jewels were real and
  which are simulations.
simulation
I was deceived by her
 simulation of sorrow
Simulator
A flight simulator
Orbit n.
 (天体等的)运行轨道
 The satellite was launched into orbit
  around the moon.卫星被发射进入绕月
  球运行的轨道。
 势力范围;活动范围;知识范围
   They knew each other by sight, but
  their orbits did not touch.他们见面认
  识,但各自的生活圈子互不搭界
 眼窝;眼眶;眼睛;眼球
Orbit   vt.
 环绕(天体等)的轨道运行
  The earth orbits the sun.地球绕着太
 阳运行。
 使进入轨道
  The space shuttle will orbit a
 weather satellite.航天飞机将把一个气
 象卫星送入运行轨道。
Orbit    vi.
 绕轨道运行;盘旋飞行
  The plane is orbiting over the field,
  waiting for the signal to land.飞机在
  绕机场盘旋,等待降落的信号。
 把人造设备射入轨道
Commit vt
 犯(罪),做(错事等)
  I committed an error in handling the
  business.我在处理这一业务时犯了一个
  错误。
 使承担义务;使作出保证;使表态[(+to)]
 He didn't commit himself to anything.
  他没有作任何承诺。
Commit vt.
 把...交托给;把...提交给;把...付诸[(+to)]
  The child was committed to the
  nurse's care.孩子被交给护士照顾。
 把...押交;把...判处[(+to)]
  The judge committed him to ten
  years' imprisonment.法官判处他十年徒
  刑。
Commit
   拨出,指定...用于[(+to)]
    The company committed most of its
    profits to building new factories.公司拨出大
    部分利润建造新工厂。
   使投入战斗,指派...作战
   Commitment n.
       make commitment to…
       has commitment to Christianity
       Commitment of infanticide 杀婴
CNN-News 中国探空探险
 Taikonaut
 Flickering闪烁的
 Patriotic
 In the person of
       We found him a good guy in the person
        of David.
 frenzy疯狂似的激动
 adulation 过分的称赞
 Odyssey 长期的冒险旅程
 Prestige 声望
 Fervor 热情
 Lofty 崇高
Unit 3-Part I, II
(Expressions)
 The outlook for the global economy
 The U.S slowdown and Japan’s
  struggling recovery
 Strengthen financial markets in
  emerging economies (新兴经济)
 ET: emerging technology (新兴技术:
  研究和处理农业、气象和军事武器等方面
  技术问题的新方法)
Expressions
 take over a company
 approved a cut in income tax rates
 a package of tax cutting measures
 the income tax reductions will
  amount to nearly 1 trillion dollars
  over ten years.
 job cuts after a fall in demand for its
  products
Expressions
 revenue in the first quarter
 to fall by a quarter
 Reduce its 85,000-strong work force
  by 5000.
     兵员、人数)多达...的
     She lives in a ten thousand strong
      Chinese community.她住在一个足有一万
      人的华人社区。
impose restrictions on…
 vt.
 征(税);加(负担等)于[(+on/upon)]
       The government imposed a heavy tax
        on luxury goods.政府对奢侈品课以重税。
   把...强加于[(+on/upon)]
       The present trouble was imposed on
        him.目前的困难是强加在他身上的。
impose restrictions on…
 vi.
 利用,占便宜;打扰[(+on/upon)]
       I don‘t want to impose on you by
        staying too long.我不想打扰你,不多耽搁了。
   欺骗[(+on/upon)]
       She knew she was imposed on.她知道自
        己上了当。
Expressions
 Confirm a case of foot-and-mouth
  disease
 Issue bans on the import of all
  animal produce from…
 The dollar is trading at one German
  mark seventy-three point three
 The pound buys one dollar sixty-two
  point four.
 The Down Share Index closed
  (ended) 45 higher/up at…
 …gained 6 points to close at..
Expressions
   Be down another 66 points at…
   Lost 1.5% as high technology and
    Internet stocks were battered(attacked,
    weak).
   be hit by a wave of profit taking
   five straight record: record of winning for
    five times
   move into record territory
   Be in line with Street expectations. (吻合)
CNN-U.S Economy
recovered in 2003
   Shape up: grow
   High gear高速
       The work was finished at high gear.
   Groundwork基础
   Align 使结盟
   Accommodative 随和的,flexible
   Bull 牛市
   Rosy 健康的
BBC-Japan
 What problems does Japan face in
  this recession?
 Why is America worried about
  Japan’s decline?
   Recession 衰退
   Slump衰退
   Public debt国债
   Annual national income 年国民收入
   Jittery (sensitive)
   Belligerence 交战
   Inertia 惯性
   Genteel 上流社会
   Exasperate 激怒
 Jeopardise 危及
 Ringing endorsement 坚定的支持
Expressions(Unit 3, Part IV)
booth
   1. (有篷的)货摊
       I had a pepsi at a refreshment booth round
        the corner.我在转角处的餐饮摊喝了一杯百事可乐。
   2. 【美】公用电话亭;岗亭
       He went into the phone booth and dialed the
        number.他走进电话亭拨了号码。
   3. 投票站
   4. (隔开的)小房间;(餐厅等的)雅座
Civil
   市民的,国民的,公民的;民用的
       Martin Luther King was the leader of
        the civil rights movement.马丁·路德·金是
        民权运动的领袖。
   2. 一般平民的,民间的;文职的;世俗的
       It might be long before civil
        government would be re-established.重
        建文官政府也许要等很长时间。
Civil
   【律】民事的;法定的
       It was a civil case so there was no question of
        him being sent to prison.这是一宗民事案件,所以
        不存在判他监禁的问
   彬彬有礼的,客气的;文明的
       It‘s civil of you to say so.你这样说是很有礼貌的。
   国内的
       Patriotic soldiers appealed for the prevention
        of a civil war.爱国的士兵呼吁防止发生内战。
foster
   1. 养育,领养We fostered the little girl
    while her mother was in hospital.这
    小姑娘的母亲住院时,我们领养了她。2.
    培养,促进Concerts foster interest in
    music.音乐会培养对音乐的兴趣。3. 心怀
    (希望、野心等)foster a hope抱着一个希
    望a.1. 养育的,收养的There are three
    foster children in our home.我们家有
    三个领养的孩子。
Feature vt.
 以...为特色;是...的特色
      (电影)由...主演The new movie
  features two of my favorite actors.这
     部新片由我最喜爱的两位演员主演。
 特载,以...作为号召The museum's
  exhibit features paintings of colonial
  times.博物馆的展品突出介绍殖民时代的
  绘画。。
Feature vi.
   起重要作用;作为主要角色
    [(+in)]Economic issues featured
    very largely in the Prime Minister‘s
    speech.首相的讲话中很大一部分涉及经
    济问题
mingle
   vt.使混合,使相混
       [(+with/together)]It was a cry that mingled
        fright with surprise.那是一声夹着恐惧与惊讶的喊
        叫。
   vi. 混合起来,相混合;交往,往
       [(+with/in)]Near the bridge, the waters of the
        two streams mingled.在桥的附近,两条溪流的水汇
        合了。
       He rarely mingles with persons of his own
        rank in society.他几乎不与和他身份相同的人交往
Unit 4 Expressions Part I
   A global positioning satellite
   Low-lying coastal regions
   Taller than was thought
   Worse than previously thought
   Leading climatologists
   A falling crop yield (production)
   Tropical and subtropical zones
   Temperate (warm) and humid regions
 Run the risks of becoming the desert
 Disappearance and deformity of
  amphibians…
     a deformity of the hand手的畸形
     deformities of style文体上的瑕疵
Unit 4 Part I
   Habitat loss and degradation
     (动物的)栖息地;(植物的)产地[C]
     I prefer to see animals in their natural
      habitat, rather than in zoos.我喜欢看生活
      在自然栖息地的动物而非动物园内的动物。
     moral degradation道德堕落
Part I Expressions
   American-backed aerial offensive 空
    中攻击
     A lot of my friends backed my plan.许多
      朋友支持我的计划。
     *I bought some back issues of science
      magazines yesterday.昨天我买了几本过期
      的科学杂志。
 Herbcides
 Oil spill
Part I Expressions
   A fuel transfer
   Tanker 油轮
   Fundamental bases of life
   Extinction
   Food chains
   Sphere of plant life
   A vast sawgrass prairie teaming with
    wildlife and vegetation
   The environmentally-aware
   A new local directory
       姓名住址簿;工商名录;号码簿
        • a telephone directory电话簿
     董事会;理事会
     指南,使用手册

     Firstever directory 第一本指南

     a. 指导的;咨询的
Part II
   Water shortage problem
   Moral obligation
   Commodity
       In Thailand rice is an important commodity for
        export.米是泰国的一项重要出口商品。
   A conflict between rural and urban
    demands
   For sanitary purposes
sanitary
   公共卫生的;卫生上的
       He worked hard to improve the sanitary
        conditions of the slums.他努力改进贫民窟
        的卫生条件。
   卫生的;清洁的
       There was a small and not very
        sanitary inn nearby.附近有一家不那么卫生
        的小客栈。
   n. 公共厕所[C]
   Lost sight of the deteriorating
    health of the planet
     Relations between the two countries
      have deteriorated sharply in recent
      weeks.最近几周那两个国家间的关系严重恶
      化了。
     I've lost sight of that bird.我看不到那只鸟
      了。
 Physical exam
 Vital signs of the health
 The health of coral reefs
 Water tables 地下水位
   At odds 大相径庭
       This action is greatly at odds with his
        previous attitude.这一行动与他以往的态度
        大相径庭。
 Reconcile…with 协调
 The careful grooming and excessive
  water
 Fairways 高尔夫球场平坦球道
reconcile
   使和解,使和好[(+with)]
       After each quarrel the children are soon
        reconciled.每次吵架之后孩子们很快就会和好。
   调停,调解
       The teacher had to reconcile disputes among
        her pupils.老师不得不调解她学生中的纠纷。
   调和;使一致[(+with)]
       We must reconcile our statements with our
        conduct.我们必须做到言行一致。
   使安于,使甘心于[H][(+to)]
       She could not reconcile herself to failure.她不
        甘心于失败。
 killdeer【鸟】双胸斑沙鸟(北美所产滨鸟)
 Owl猫头鹰
 heron【鸟】鹭,苍鹭[C]
 Coyote
     【动】(北美大草原的)郊狼,土狼
     【俚】引外国人从墨西哥偷渡进入美国的不法
      分子
 Meet the challenge head-on
 All of that can go in the curbside (路
  边)pick-up bin
 Contract with a private company…
 A huge mound of materials
 Commingle area 混合区
 Assorted trash: 分类垃圾
 Conduct tours of the plant 介绍工厂
Head-on
   a. 头朝前的;正面的
       The window offered me a head-on view of the
        church.教堂的前景透过这扇窗呈现在我面前。
   迎面的,直接的
       His speech was a head-on denunciation of the
        unpopular new policy.他的发言是对不得人心的新
        政策的迎头痛斥。
   ad.头朝前地;迎头
       The sled struck the tree head-on.雪橇迎头撞上
        那棵树。
   正面针对地
       Let's meet the problem head-on.让我们正视这
        一难题。
 Riding up the conveyor belt
 Hand-sort …
 The sorting station
 The quality end product
     These shoes are made of quality
      leather.这些鞋是用高级皮革制成的。
     The Times is a quality newspaper.泰晤士
      报内容严肃。
CNN- Sea Lion
 Mammal 哺乳动物
 Tempestuous有暴风雨的
 Breeding colonies 繁殖地
 Stunning (极好的) coastline
 Locals are outraged
 Subdivision 小块土地
 Bulldozer推土机
 Stress the sea lion colony 威胁
 …is still reeling from(恢复) mass
  slaughters in the 1800s
 Commercial fishing商业性捕鱼
 net entanglements 鱼网缠住
 gill nets刺网
CNN: Eco-Friendly Cars
 Environmentally friendly vehicles
 Upgrade(升级) its hybrid(混合动力)
  car
 Green cars
 Toyota is shifting gears in its eco-
  friendly push 丰田正在调整它的环保车
  策略
 In limited release
 Recharging
 Power steering and sensors 电动方向
  盘和传感器
 Emission efficiency and performance
  尾气排放效率和性能
 Acceleration加速性
 Eco-chic gimmick 环保与时髦的小发明
 A proliferation(增长) of ideas
 Fuel economy节油
 Mass-marked cars大众车型
 Add potential incentive以刺激潜在消费
  增长
Listening For Today
Grade 2
Nov 21, 2005




                      Wordcool@yahoo.com.cn
                      http://www.blcu.edu.cn/yangning
                      Copyright by Yang Ning
        Loneliness

We all get lonely once in a while
Inside we're depressed and try to smile
A smile don't work, depression gets worse
The idea of being lonely we try to nurse
When it gets so bad we can't think any more
We should think of the things we truly adore
Good times are there in the past of our lives
Whether it's with brothers, sisters, husbands or wives
If we have none of them just think of a friend
Remember a good thought, let happiness begin.
The author
 The poem comes from a website.
 Journey of Hearts ---A Healing Place
  in Cyberspace
 This poem was written by Peter, who wrote
  just two months before he died from suicide,
  and was later read at his funeral.
    Unit 7 Communications (I)
    http://library.thinkquest.org/5729/

                                Internet


•   Presentation
•   Part I (B)
•   CNN News
•   Part II
•   Latest News
Unit 7- Part I (B)
 What are the features of the three
  websites?
 Expressions and difficult sentences
Expressions & Difficult Sentences
   National Geographic
     Zip U.S.A
     A focused look

     More pictures in fact than there was
      room for in the print version.
Expressions & Difficult Sentences
   The Hunger Site
     Alleviate world hunger
     the web surfer
     corporate donors
     log on to the website

   The Ask Jeeves Site
     search engines
     a list of airfare travel bargains
CNN-Happy Birthday to the WWW
 www: the World Wide Web
 Questions:
     What is Mosaic?
     What is Internet 2?

     What is the problem of current internet,
      according to Internet 2?
CNN-Expressions
 Browser 浏览器
 Low-rate graphics 低质图片
 Vintage cyberspace:老式网络
 Far reaching, but far from flawless.
 Jerky video and hour glass icons 不
  稳定的图像和长时间出现的沙漏图标
 World Wide Wait
   The next generation of applications新一代
    的应用程序
   Remote diagnosis远程诊断
   In a flash一瞬间
   Champions of the project 这一项目的拥护
    者
   But even a supped up cyberspace is
    susceptible to worms, viruses, and just
    plain junk.即使再成熟的网络也会受到蠕虫,
    病毒和普通网络垃圾的影响.
Best Choice
    Mosaic is…
    a.   the name of a web site.
    b.   the first browser to surf the Internet
    c.   an e-game made by Marc Andrison.
    Internet 2 is…
    a.   a name for the new cyberspace.
    b.   a name of an Internet project.
    c.   a U.S company
Best Choice
   What is the problem of current
    Internet, according to Internet 2?
     It has gray pages and low-rate
      graphics.
     It is not guarded from worms and
      viruses.
     It is not suitable for children.
     It is not designed for the next-
      generation of applications.
Unit 7-Part II
   Questions
     What is the main topic of this listening
      material?
     True or false?
What is updated in my website?
Comments Are Welcome!
Alleviate
   To make (pain, problems, etc.) less
    severe.
     The drugs did nothing to alleviate her
      pain.
     The money should alleviate our
      financial problems.
True & False
 Many technologists and scientists
  say that the future may hold any
  number of surprises.
 It is hard for anyone to get any
  message without a wire.
 The Internet is the world’s largest
  anarchy.
True or False?
 Many languages will disappear
  because of the Internet.
 Only blue-collar jobs may be
  exported to Asia because of the
  retarded education development.
 The Internet is taken as an asset by
  everyone.
Words & Expressions
   Inch
       n.[C] 1. 英寸 2. 少许,一点儿
        • He escaped death by an inch.他险些儿送了命。
        • 3. 身高[P]
       vt. 1. 使缓慢地移动[O]
        • He inched the table to the wall.他一点一点将桌子挪到
          墙边。
       vi. 1. 缓慢地移动[Q]
        • He watched the worm inch along.他看着蠕虫慢慢往前
          爬。
Expressions and difficult
sentences
 The vaguest idea
 Unsettling aspects of the Internet
  revolution
 Inch our way into the future
 Experimenting anarchy
 Many of the boundaries that exist
  today, political and economic, will be
  strained as never before.
Part II B
 E-commerce sites
 Compulsive use of the Internet
 Marital problems
 Negative impact on their lives
 Internet addiction
 Short-lived
 Alter their mood on a regular basis
Expressions
 Beef up (promote) your realtime
  relationship
 A higher incidence of addiction
 Be prone to
       He used to be prone to anger.
        他过去动辄发怒。
Part III Expressions
 Have a serious impact upon…
 Have more applicability to the
  Internet age
 Global village
 Xerox machine
 Expanding and amplifying
 Move into the millennium
 Digital age
 One-way media
 Interactive
 Be stipulate and vouch for the
  quality of the publication of…
 There will be more drivel available.
  But there’ll also be more gems that
  would otherwise be hidden from
  public view.
amplify
   vt. 1. 放大(声音等);增强
      An electronic device amplified the
       speaker's voice. 电子设备放大了演讲人的
       声音。
      2. 扩大;扩展
        •amplify the scope of discussion 扩大讨
         论的范围
      3. 详述,详说
        • Let me amplify my earlier remarks.
         我来详细说说我早些时候讲过的话。
      4. 夸大,夸张
vouch
   vi.
   1. 担保;保证;作证[(+for)]
   I can vouch for the reliability of the machines.
   我可以保证这些机器的可靠性。
   2. 确定;确定地说
   vt.
   1. 担保;证实[O8]
   He vouched his words by his deeds.
   他用自己的行动证明了自己的言辞。
   2. 断定;明言
   3. 【律】传(某人)出庭作证
Part IV
 Whose security is breached
 Be minor to major
 On the minor scale
 Get into the loopholes
 Bring expertise
 It is kind of a perception of
  computer systems
 Holistic overview全面的战略观
 be pertinent to your company
breach
   1. (对法律等的)破坏,违反;(对他人权利的)侵害
    [C][U]
   Your action is a breach of the agreement.
   你们的行为违背了协议。
   Police arrested the demonstrators for
    committing a breach of the peace.
   警察以破坏和平罪逮捕了示威者。
   2. 破裂;裂痕;缺口[C]
   The waves made a breach in the sea wall.
   海浪将防波堤冲开一个缺口。
 . 中断,中止[C]
 4. 闹翻,绝交[C]
 He opened a breach with his cousin
  after the quarrel.
 那次争吵后,他与表兄闹翻了。
 5. (浪的)冲击;(冲击海岸的)碎浪[C]
Breach      vt
 1. 破坏,违反;侵害
 breach an agreement
 违反协定
 2. 冲破,突破;撕裂
 The enemy's fierce attack finally
  breached the wall.
 敌人猛烈进攻,终于攻破城墙。
Pertinent
 1. 恰当的,贴切的;中肯的
 It might be pertinent for you to
  make the suggestion to the
  president.
 你向总裁提这个建议可能比较恰当。
Pertinent
   2. 【书】有关的,相干的
   The lawyer wanted to know all the
    pertinent details.
   律师想知道有关的全部详情。
   He raised several pertinent questions.
   他提了几个有关的问题。
   The lawyer wanted to know all the
    pertinent details.
   律师想知道所有相关细节。
CNN-IM
 Instant message
 Real-time
 Videoconference
 Fine-tuning: regular
 Archive vt. : save
 Harness: make use of
Unit 8 Words & Expressions
 An authorized agent
 Off-the shelf bargain basement
  phone
 A unit and transportable phone
 Cordless video telephone
 A tiny camera and a high-resolution
  pixel color display
 A lightweight mobile phone
 Assign a voice-dial tag to …
 Real-time messaging with family
 A flexible opt-in, opt-out system
 Personal buddy list: a list of
  personal friends
 Escape routes
 A tracking ball
 A standard amenity
 Alien holograms
 Teen accessory
 Two generations at opposite ends
 Envision…as…
 To tap into the teenager market
 Prepaid calling cards
 Converge…with…
 Outfit..with
 Take shape
 Facilitate limited financial
  transactions
 A three-in-one phone
 Intercom at work: 对讲机
   Fingerprint technology and
    advanced speech recognition
converge
   vi.
     1. 会合;趋于会合[(+on/toward)]
     2. 聚集;趋于同样结果(或目的等)[(+on)]
          • The two armies converged on the enemy
            capital for the last battle of the war.两军聚
            集在敌方首都,准备一决胜负
       3. 【数】收敛
   vt.1. 使向一点会合;使聚集
outfit
   vt.
       1. 装备,配备;供给[(+with)]
          • The mountain climbers were outfitted with
            the latest equipment.登山者用最新的设备装备
            起来。
   vi.
       1. 获得装备
          • We will outfit two days before sailing.我们将
            在出航前两天整装。
outfit
   n.
       全套装备;全套工具,全套用品[C]
         • She bought a ski outfit.她买了一套滑雪装备。
       (尤指在特殊场合穿的)全套服装[C]
         • That skirt and sweater makes a nice outfit.
           那件毛衣和裙子配成一套漂亮的服装。
       【口】(协同工作的)一组人;团体;部队[C][G]
         • A television outfit went there to shoot the
           story
Outfit       n.
  【口】公司,企业[C]
  (精神,身体等方面的)素质[the S]

  装备,配备[U]
     • The outfit of the exploring party took only
       half a month.探险队整装只用了半个月时间。
       Unit 9 –Part II
     Words & Expressions
 This summer, record heat and
  drought are taking a terrible human
  toll…
 Causing power outages
 Have besieged so many
  communities
 Extreme and erratic weather
 Be intensified by global warming
 Reverse (扭转)the dangerous
  warming trend
 Release $100 million in emergency
  funds
 Installing insulation(隔热/电)
 We’re undertaking a multipart
  initiative to…
 Private contractors(承包商)
 Retrofit(翻新) federal buildings
 Light bulbs and fixtures (设施)
 With more efficient fluorescents (更
  省电的照明)
 EPA:Environmental Protection
  Agency (美国)环境保护局
 Greenhouse gas emissions
 As sweltering as this summer has
  been, if we don’t act now, our
  children may look back on the
  summer of 1998 as one that was
  relatively mild and cool.
 We have the ingenuity(wisdom) to
  head off(get rid of) this threat.
Part II-B
   The approach is being spearheaded
    by a quiet revolution in the eco-
    conscious construction business.
 A passive solar component
 An active solar heater
 A foot of adobe (晒干的泥砖)
 Thermal mass (热循环)
 Bio-degradable building products
 Galvanized(镀锌) metal
 More carpet gives off volatile(易挥发)
  organic compounds.
Part III
   A lot of gee-whiz (astonishing) technology
   Disarm the security system
   Coax classical music
   By all accounts 总之
   Close the dampers(阀门) in the
    ventilation(通风)system
   Floodlights 探照灯
   Queue up the sound of a barking dog
BBC-Royal Skiing Trip
 Glandular fever 传染性单核白血球增多
  症
 Strike a bargain with 与。达成协议
 Cannabis大麻
 Underage 未成年
 Dwell on 详细讲述
 Exploits 冒险
 Adamant 不动摇
BBC-Antarctic Ice Sheet
   Sediment 沉积物
CNN-Euro
 Jubilation
 Banish
 Pro-euro
toll
   n.[C]
       (路,桥等的)通行费
        • Anyone travelling across the bridge has to
          pay a toll.过这座桥的人都要付通行费。2
     使用费;服务费
     长途电话费
        • The long-distance call tolls amount to quite
          a sum.长途电话费数目相当可观。
       4. (市场的)设摊费
toll
       损失;伤亡人数[S]
          • The death toll has risen to 200.死亡人数已上
            升到两百人。
       通行(或使用)费征收处
   vt.
       向...征收捐税(或通行费等)
   vi.
         征收捐税(或通行费等)
spearhead
   n.[C]
       矛头,枪尖
       先锋;先锋部队[S1][(+of)]
         • A spearhead of tanks led the infantry attack.坦克先遣
           队引导步兵进攻。
   vt. 当...的先锋;为...扫清道路;带头
       Plastics spearheaded the advance in synthetic
        materials.塑料是合成材料发展的先导。
       The airborne troops spearheaded the crossing
        of the river.空降兵在渡河作战中担任先导。
Unit 10-Part I
 Receipts from international tourism
 Recreation
 long-term forecast and assessment
  of the development of tourism
 Long-haul (long distance travel)
  travelers
Part II
 Erode the floor
 Exhaust fumes 废气
 Germany equaled U.S.A among the
  leading generating countries.
 Obviously, for Germany’s balance of
  payments, this is an especially
  weighty item of expenditure.
 An important tourist destination
Round the corner
   1. 在附近She used to live just around
    the corner.她以前就住在附近。2. 即将
    来临Victory is just around the corner.
    胜利就在眼前。
Unit 11-Part I
Words and Expressions
 Put demand for … ahead of
  comparable models produced by…
 In act of merger talks
 Win approval
 Take majority control of…
 A flurry of
 On the heels of:following
Part I
 Preliminary discussions
 A hook up
 Rubber-tired cars riding on a narrow
  concrete guideway
 Be propelled (推进) by electric
  motors(马达)
 Ride quality
 Trespassers
 Attraction and repulsion
 Magnetic cushion
 Magnetic levitation: Meglev
 Exacting standards: 严格的标准
CNN-Auto Black Box
 Accelerate
 decelerate
 Skid刹车
 Flip 突然转向
 Wreck 失事
 Manslaughter 屠杀
Part IV
 Hard hit
 Beat the odds: win
 Arm-wrestle
 Stock split
 Charge low fares
 It’s an airline which competes
  against the car.
 Seek to preserve
 A very concerted effort
 definite-profiled type
Unit 12 Part I
   Two express routes
   Watch our driving pretty closely
   Subsidize bus fare books and monthly
    passes
   An added incentive
   Mass transit
   Carpooling
   Alternate(轮换)transportation
   Cut vehicle miles traveled
Part IB
 Now over to Nick
 Block the A6, Chapel Street
 Long tailed-backs of traffic
 The road won’t be opened
 The closing of the road
 Be pretty snarled up (confused)
 At the junction with Cross Street
  and Albert Square
 Serious traffic congestion(堵)
 Burst water main 地下水管破裂
 With the traffic being diverted (转向)
  into Henry Street
 Single-lane traffic
 Peak time
Part II
 Parking infraction 停车违规
 Enlist the help of new high-tech
  parking meters 借助新型高科技停车表
       Meter maid 开停车罚单的女警员
 Your sixty minutes is already ticking
  away
 Feed the meter
 Innovative ways to park cars
 Car elevator, car carousels (传输带)
 Car boom
 Myca,myca
Part III
 Sagging bottom line
 The beginning of a turnaround
 An internal combustion engine
 Zero tailpipe emissions
 Auto ignition
 A surge of electric power
 A sleek, aerodynamic two-seat
  sports car
   Technological hurdles
   Overnight charging
   Electric-vehicle
   A compressed gas
   Water vapor
   First fleet of taxicabs
   Dissipates upon impact
   Combustible
 There are large reserve still
  untapped
 Wean drivers off petrol
 Renewable source
 Hydrogen fuel
CNN-A painted car
   Roll off the assembly line
   Exterior
   Sneak a peek at it 偷看
   Polymer film 高分子膜
   More resistant to scratches
   Lexion-XLS
   Fuel-efficient
   There is a catch 棘手的问题
   Cost efficiency 降低成本
   Painted steel 喷漆钢板
CNN-Smart Cars

				
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