Getting to know Mac OS X by kjy79128


									       Getting to know Mac OS X
Mac OS X provides a simple, easy-to-use environment. When you start Mac OS X the first time,
you'll see something similar to this on your screen.

                                             The Mac OS X screen has just a few main elements:
                                                • The menu bar for the active application
                                                   appears at the top of the screen.
                                                • The Dock appears at the bottom of the screen.
                                                • Windows appear anywhere on the screen.
                                                   The picture above shows a Finder window.
                                                • The desktop appears behind all windows.

                                             The following sections provide more information
                                             about each of these elements. You will discover
                                             these and similar elements in all the Mac OS X
applications you use.

The menu bar
The menu bar provides commands that you use to perform tasks.

Here's a quick run down of the menu bar from left to right:
   • The Apple menu at the left is always available. It provides commands for changing many
        computer-wide settings, updating your Apple software, and shutting down the computer.
   • Next are the menus for the active application, starting with the application menu, which
        shows the name of the application in bold. You'll find applications have many of the
        same menus, such as the File menu, and many commands in the menus are the same,
        such as New in the File menu. A good way to start learning how to use an application is
        to try each menu command to see what it does.
   • Status menu icons, such as the volume icon, appear at the right of the menu bar. When
        you click a status menu icon, you'll see commands or additional information related to the
        icon. You can add or remove status menu icons in System Preferences panes and some
        applications, such as iChat.
   • At the far right of the menu bar is the Spotlight menu. Click the Spotlight menu icon and
        type a word or two for something you want to find on your Mac.

The Dock
The Dock usually appears at the bottom of the screen with icons for applications you
usefrequently. To open an application, just click its icon in the Dock.

   •   The Finder is the first icon at the left of the Dock. Click it to make the Finder active.

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   •   Application icons appear between the Finder icon and the bar. A black triangle shows an
       application is open. Some application icons in the Dock show status information. For
       example, the Mail icon shows the number of unread messages you have.
   •   The bar separates applications from other items in the Dock. You can drag the bar to
       change the size of the Dock.
   •   Icons for folders and documents appear to the right of the bar. If you add a folder to the
       Dock, you can press it to see a list of items in the folder, then choose the one you want to
   •   You use the Trash to delete files. Just drag files to the Trash then choose Empty Trash
       from the Finder menu. If you want to see what's in the Trash, click its icon.
   •   To add an item to the Dock, drag it to the Dock. You can add applications, files, folders,
       servers, websites, and more.
   •   You can customize the Dock in many ways, including its size and position. Open
       System Preferences, then click Dock to customize the Dock.

Finder windows
You use Finder windows to organize your documents and applications. Finder windows have
many features you'll find in windows throughout Mac OS X. To open a Finder window, choose
File > New Finder Window.

                                                            •   The title bar at the top of the
                                                                window shows the name of the
                                                                folder you are viewing. To move a
                                                                window, move the pointer over the
                                                                title bar and hold down the mouse
                                                                button, then drag the mouse.
                                                            • The three buttons in the top left
                                                                corner of the title bar let you close,
                                                                minimize, and zoom the window.
                                                                The button in the top right corner
       hides or shows the window's toolbar and sidebar, if it has one.
   •   The toolbar below the title bar provides buttons and other items to perform actions on the
       contents of the window. In the Finder window toolbar, the group of three buttons let you
       select icon, list, or column view. Type text in the search field to find your documents.
   •   The sidebar at the left of the Finder window shows disks and folders. You can also add
       Smart Folders and Burn Folders to the Finder window sidebar.
   •   Sometimes on the right and bottom of a window, you'll see scroll bars. You can drag
       these to see items that are not visible in the window currently.
   •   You can drag the bottom-right corner of many windows to change the size of the

The Desktop
The desktop is the area behind all the windows. It's a convenient place to put files and folders
until you have a chance to organize them. Here are some other useful things to know about the
    • The desktop is part of the Finder. Click the desktop to make the Finder active at anytime.

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   •   Each user account you create on your computer has an individual desktop. To see
       thecontents of the desktop in a Finder window, open your home folder, then click
   •   You can change the desktop background picture. Open System Preferences and click
       Desktop & Screen Saver.

How is my disk organized?
Mac OS X is organized to help you find things quickly and easily. The Finder window sidebar
provides a convenient place to start understanding how your disk is organized.

                            •    The top area of the sidebar shows disks. One of the disks is your
                                 startup disk, the disk with the Mac OS X software running your
                                 Mac. If you have divided your computer's disk into separate
                                 sections, called "volumes" or "partitions," you will see them as
                                 well. You will also see other disks, CDs, and DVDs you are
                              • If your computer is connected to a network, you can click
                                 Network in the sidebar to locate servers and other computers on
                                 the network.
                              • If you turn on iDisk syncing in .Mac preferences, your iDisk
                                 appears in the top area of the sidebar.
                              • Most of your Mac OS X applications are in the Applications
                                 folder on your startup disk. Click the Applications icon in the
                                 sidebar to open this folder.
                              • Each user has a "home" folder, a convenient and private place to
                                 keep your personal files and software. You'll see your home
                                 folder in the sidebar.
   •   When you open your home folder, you'll see folders named Documents, Movies, Music,
       Pictures to hold your personal files. You can create other folders to organize your files
       any way you like. To create a new folder, choose File > New Folder. To put a file in a
       folder, drag the file.
   •   If you turn on Personal File Sharing (in Sharing preferences) and your computer is on a
       network, the Public folder in your home folder is available to other users on the network.
       You can use the Public folder to exchange files with them.
   •   The Library folder in your home folder contains fonts and other software for your
       personal use. If you click the icon for your startup disk in the sidebar, you'll see another
       Library folder that contains similar files for every user on your computer.
   •   All the home folders on your computer are in a folder named Users. Click your startup
       disk icon to see the folder. In the Users folder you'll also find a folder named Shared. You
       and other users of your computer can use this folder to exchange files.

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