Gulf of Mexico Regional Intergration

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					                      Gulf of Mexico
                    Regional Integration

                    Update on Activities,
                      Study Findings,
                      Conclusions &
                     Recommendations

                          November 2007
                        Gulf of Mexico States Accord

                    Gulf of Mexico States Partnership, Inc.

                                                                Please contact the
                                                              Gulf of Mexico States
                                                               Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                727-709-3354 for
                                                              further information,
                                                               or to quote findings
                                                                from this Report.


www.eoscenter.com
The Gulf of Mexico States Accord (GOMSA)

    Established in 1995 by 11         Six Working Groups
    Governors                          •   Health, Ecology & Environment
                                       •   Transportation, Infrastructure &
    Maximize NAFTA in Gulf States          Communications
    “new border neighborhood”
                                       •   Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries
                                       •   Trade, Investment & Finance
    Defining & pursuing mutual
    interests to increase trade,       •   Tourism
    investment, tourism, education     •   Education & Culture

    MEXICO:
     • Campeche, Quintana Roo,
       Tabasco, Tamaulipas,
       Veracruz, Yucatan

    US:                                                                          Please contact the
                                                                               Gulf of Mexico States
     • Alabama, Florida, Louisiana,                                             Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                 727-709-3354 for
       Mississippi, Texas                                                      further information,
                                                                                or to quote findings
                                                                                 from this Report.


1
Post-Katrina GOMSA Activities

    Post-Katrina activities
     • Support for “binational” collaboration with GOMA
     • Collaboration with GMPO on HAB monitoring in Mexico
     • Collaboration on Veracruz Aquarium as CELC
     • Collaboration on binational Gulf Guardian awards program
     • Support for the Partnership’s Gulf of Mexico regional trade
       and transportation study
     • Trade and investment missions
        − Energy
        − Environment
        − Disaster mitigation and rebuilding                           Please contact the
                                                                     Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                      Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                       727-709-3354 for
                                                                     further information,
                                                                      or to quote findings
                                                                       from this Report.


2
    GOMSA Structure



                      Active Committees
    11 Governors                           Partnership
                      Transportation &    Transportation
                       Infrastructure         Study
     GOMSA
                       Environment &         GOMA
    Executive           Public Health
    Committee
                      Trade & Tourism
                      Missions Program
     General                                        Please contact the
                                                  Gulf of Mexico States
                                                   Partnership, Inc. at
    Secretariat       General Meetings
                                                    727-709-3354 for
                                                  further information,
                                                   or to quote findings
                                                    from this Report.


3
Integrating the Gulf of Mexico Border:

      Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations

      “Gulf of Mexico Trade Corridor Transportation
                         Study”
                                                        Please contact the
                                                      Gulf of Mexico States
                                                       Partnership, Inc. at
                                                        727-709-3354 for
                                                      further information,
                                                       or to quote findings
                                                        from this Report.
The Gulf of Mexico States Partnership, Inc.

    Business advocacy

    Recipient of mission-specific Federal, state & private research grants

    Membership-based 501-c-6 business association

    Initiatives:
     •   Gulf of Mexico Trade Corridor Transportation Study
     •   Developed, supported the first Gulf of Mexico Congressional Caucus
     •   Gulf of Mexico States Accord General Secretariat
          −   Headquartered in Florida since 2000
          −   Funded by Florida, Louisiana grants
     •   US Maritime Administration Tri-national Agreement
          −   Negotiated Memorandum of Cooperation on Short Sea Shipping between Mexico, Canada and the
              US
          −   Advocated Gulf of Mexico Border States recognition by the US Congress
          −   Initiated US GAO Study on Short Sea Shipping
     •   Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Council (MTSNAC)                         Please contact the
                                                                                                 Gulf of Mexico States
          −   Appointed first Gulf Regional Representative by Secretary Mineta in 2004            Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                                   727-709-3354 for
                                                                                                 further information,
                                                                                                  or to quote findings
                                                                                                   from this Report.


5
2007 Gulf Regional Transportation Study

    Commissioned world-renowned transportation, logistics and
    economic development firm, Cambridge Systematics, to conduct
    the study, launched in 2005 with a Congressional grant

    Only Federally-funded Gulf region trade corridor study
     • United States Maritime Administration (USDOT) is grant
       administrator

    Master Planning Study proposed in three phases:
     • Phase 1: Regional, strategic economic, transportation & infrastructure
       analysis (final draft completed, May 2007)
     • Phase 2: Critical Infrastructure Security (pending funding)
     • Phase 3: Environmental Assessment (pending funding)
                                                                                  Please contact the
                                                                                Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                                 Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                  727-709-3354 for
                                                                                further information,
                                                                                 or to quote findings
                                                                                  from this Report.


6
The Gulf border region is vital to the North
American economy


    6th largest world economy

    Near $6 trillion trade economy
    now, up 71% to $11 trillion trade
    economy in 2020

    The Gulf region is North
    America’s “energy backbone” (Oil
    & gas reserves, exploration,
    refineries, pipelines)
     •   60% of US energy imports enter
         via the Gulf
     •   Almost 80% of Mexico’s oil & gas
         reserves are located in the Gulf
     •   Critical US reliance on Gulf for
         resources, refining, and delivery       Please contact the
                                               Gulf of Mexico States
                                                Partnership, Inc. at
                                                 727-709-3354 for
    65% of US maritime trade passes            further information,
                                                or to quote findings
    through Gulf ports                           from this Report.


7
The Gulf of Mexico Region
One of the World’s Leading Economies


    Total Gross Domestic Product (in $ millions)   "Purchasing Power Parity" GDP (in $ millions)
       1 United States                 11,667.5         1 United States                11,628.1
       2 Japan                          4,623.4         2 China                         7,123.7
       3 Germany                        2,714.4         3 Japan                         3,774.1
       4 United Kingdom                 2,140.9         4 India                         3,363.0
       5 France                         2,002.6         5 Germany                       2,325.8
       6 Gulf States                    1,926.7         6 Gulf States                   1,968.9
       7 Italy                          1,672.3         7 United Kingdom                1,832.3
       8 China                          1,649.3         8 France                        1,744.4
       9 Spain                            991.4         9 Italy                         1,621.4
      10 Canada                           979.8        10 Brazil                        1,482.9
      11 India                            691.9        11 Russia                        1,408.6
      12 Korea                            679.7        12 Spain                         1,046.2
      13 Mexico                           676.5        13 Mexico                        1,014.5

                                    The Gulf States Are:
                       Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas                               Please contact the
                Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan                     Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                                                    Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                                     727-709-3354 for
                                                                                                   further information,
                                                                                                    or to quote findings
                                                                                                     from this Report.


8
The Gulf border region is vital to the North
American economy


Vital infrastructure in the region supports the      Energy & Ports’
    nation’s trade – in energy, goods & services
    and tourism

Strategic Core Industries include:

    $1.1 trillion in GRP linked to transportation-
    dependent industries

    Oil and natural gas production and refining --
    domestic and import

    Chemicals and petrochemicals

    Commercial fishing

    Agriculture – access to markets

    Gateway transportation and trade – 50% of all
    US waterborne tonnage                                                                                               TAM PA
                                                                                                                                    CANAVERAL
                                                                                                                                      W . PALM BCH
                                                                                                                     M ANATEE
                                                                       C O R P U S C H R IST I                                        M IA M I


    Tourism and related industries                                         B R O W N S V IL L E


                                                                                                                                   Please contact the
                                                                              A L T A M IR A
                                                                                T A M P IC O
                                                                                                                                 Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                                   TUXPAN
                                                                                                             PR O G R E SO        Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                                         DAS BOCAS
                                                                                                                                   727-709-3354 for
                                                                                     VERACRUZ
                                                                                                  COATZACOALCOS
                                                                                                                                 further information,
                                                                                                                                  or to quote findings
                                                                                                                                   from this Report.


9
Critical Challenges to the Gulf of Mexico
Community

     The Gulf of Mexico Trade Corridor Transportation Study
     identifies the following four challenge areas for the Gulf’s
     future:
      • Ability to accommodate future growth
      • Environment & climate change
      • Transportation & economic security
      • Business practice & public policy




                                                                      Please contact the
                                                                    Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                     Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                      727-709-3354 for
                                                                    further information,
                                                                     or to quote findings
                                                                      from this Report.


10
The Gulf is Threatened:
Ability to Accommodate Future Growth
                                               Central

     Aging systems and deferred                region
                                               +71%

     maintenance
     Limited funds for
     reinvestment                                                 Northeast
                                                                   region
                                                                   +58%

     High and growing levels of
     demand                            West
                                      region             South
                                                         region
                                      +65%
                                                         +71%

     Emerging and worsening
     bottlenecks

     Growth projections –
     interregional up 75%, external
     up 100% by 2020

     Emerging port, highway, rail
                                                                         Please contact the
     system constraints                                                Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                        Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                         727-709-3354 for
                                                                       further information,
                                                                        or to quote findings
                                                                         from this Report.


11
The Gulf is Threatened:
Natural Disasters

     The Gulf region’s critical
     infrastructure faces
     substantial risk from natural
     disaster threats
      •   7/12 busiest US ports are in the
          Gulf
      •   Waterborne trade between US and
          Mexico – 106 million tons (7
          million loaded trucks)
      •   Waterborne trade between US
          Gulf States – 228 million tons (15
          million loaded trucks)
      •   60% of US energy imports enter
          via the Gulf
      •   Almost 80% of Mexico’s oil & gas
          reserves are located in the Gulf
      •   Critical US reliance on Gulf for
          energy resources, refining, and                                 Please contact the

          delivery                             Hurricanes – 1850-2005   Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                         Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                          727-709-3354 for
                                                                        further information,
                                                                         or to quote findings
                                                                          from this Report.


12
The Gulf is Threatened:
Terrorism & Critical Infrastructure

     Security is mandated, but under-
     funded:


      •   Post 9/11 emphasis on security;
      •   More frequent cargo inspections
          and increasing reliance on pre-
          clearance of known shippers and
      •   Closer scrutiny of chains of
          custody
      •   Multiple programs and many
          partners
      •   Concerns about security impact on
          freight mobility

      •   Heightened public attention to
          safety and emergency response to
          both natural and man-made
          incidents in all modes                                          Please contact the

                                                 Gulf of Mexico         Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                         Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                          727-709-3354 for
                                              Critical Infrastructure   further information,
                                                                         or to quote findings
                                                                          from this Report.


13
The Gulf is Threatened:
Climate Change

     Minimal climate change threatens the
     Gulf
      •   “Captive fixed infrastructure”
          cannot move; businesses can
      •   Greater severity of storms,
          increased risk from storm surge to
          facilities less than 18’ above sea
          level would affect 98% of ports,
          51% of highway miles, major rail
          lines
      •   Relative sea level rise -- highest
          risk to facilities at less than 2’
          above sea level, substantial risk to
          facilities at 2-4 feet – around 70%
          of ports, 50% of highway miles,
          major rail lines (USDOT climate
          change study, Freeport, Texas to
          Mobile, Alabama)
      •   Insurance & financial industries,
          & manufacturing, small business
          and services sectors are                 Please contact the
          reassessing their presence in the      Gulf of Mexico States
          Gulf of Mexico region                   Partnership, Inc. at
                                                   727-709-3354 for
                                                 further information,
                                                  or to quote findings
                                                   from this Report.


14
The Gulf is Threatened:
Business & Public Policy Issues

     Business issues: Mexico                        Business issues: US
      •   Access between ports and                   •   Congested corridors and
          production/consumption regions                 infrastructure -- port, highway,
          (an impediment to SSS);                        rail
      •   “Binational interoperability" is an        •   Intermodal connectivity
          impediment
                                                     •   Insurability & financing of
           −   Equipment gets 'lost';                    business operations in the Gulf
           −   Cargo gets unpredictably delayed          coastal zone
               or impounded;
           −   Resistance to change
               ('institutional inertia') from the
               land border freight community;
               and
           −   Need to upgrade ports and rail.




                                                                                              Please contact the
                                                                                            Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                                             Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                              727-709-3354 for
                                                                                            further information,
                                                                                             or to quote findings
                                                                                              from this Report.


15
Recommendations




                    Please contact the
                  Gulf of Mexico States
                   Partnership, Inc. at
                    727-709-3354 for
                  further information,
                   or to quote findings
                    from this Report.
Gulf of Mexico Trade Corridor Study, Phase 1:
DRAFT Recommendations

     Address trade bottlenecks & constraints as a (super-) region

     Create regional planning, threat response & collaboration mechanisms

     Bolster Mexico’s infrastructure in the Gulf

     Make environmental security a regional, national priority

     Make port and other critical infrastructure security a priority

     Build a permanent regional stakeholder’s caucus

     Create an institution to support the regional stakeholder’s caucus


     Source: “Gulf of Mexico Trade Corridor Transportation Study” (Phase 1); May 2007 (draft document,     Please contact the
     confidential); Gulf of Mexico States Partnership, Inc.                                              Gulf of Mexico States
                                                                                                          Partnership, Inc. at
                                                                                                           727-709-3354 for
                                                                                                         further information,
                                                                                                          or to quote findings
                                                                                                           from this Report.


17
Make Environmental Security a Priority

Situation Analysis:                                   Recommendations:

     The Gulf States host critical industries:           Create a broad Gulf of Mexico-wide
           −   Energy exploration & exploitation         coalition to advocate a regional policy
           −   Fisheries
                                                         framework for sustainable bilateral
                                                         economic development in the Gulf of
           −   Agriculture                               Mexico border
           −   Tourism & trade
           −   Coastal ecosystems                        Provide the supporting environmental
      •   These industrial sectors are dependent         assessment that will provide the
          on maintaining the environmental               essential baselines and measures
          quality of the Gulf.                           necessary to support strategically
      •   There is significant risk from short-term      integrated and sustainable future
          climatic events (such as hurricanes) as        economic development in coastal areas
          well as long-term climate change               of the Gulf
          impacts.
                                                         Factor climate change data and
     Insurance & financial industries, &                 projections into regional planning for
     manufacturing, small business and                   investment in at-risk Gulf
     services sectors are reassessing their              transportation infrastructure
     presence in the Gulf of Mexico region                                                           Please contact the
                                                                                                   Gulf of Mexico States
                                                         Expand the portfolio of the North          Partnership, Inc. at
                                                         American Development Bank to                727-709-3354 for
                                                                                                   further information,
                                                         include environmental projects in the      or to quote findings
                                                         Gulf of Mexico border region                from this Report.


18
Next Steps
             Phase I
             •   Distribute to stakeholder
                 review:

                 − Partnership members
                   for comment

                 − Research Committee
                   for comment

                 − MARAD for comment

             •   Finalize for dissemination


             Phase II: Critical                 Please contact the

             Infrastructure
                                              Gulf of Mexico States
                                               Partnership, Inc. at
                                                727-709-3354 for

             Security                         further information,
                                               or to quote findings
                                                from this Report.


19
Gulf of Mexico Trade Corridor:
Opportunities & Inherent Disaster Risks…


  “Over 60 million inhabitants of
  the Gulf of Mexico border
  region drive $6 trillion in trade
  while amassing $2 trillion in
  gross state product, positioning
  the Gulf as the sixth largest
  economy in the world.”




                                                Please contact the
                                              Gulf of Mexico States
                                               Partnership, Inc. at
                                                727-709-3354 for
                                              further information,
                                               or to quote findings
                                                from this Report.
   http://www.gulfofmexicostatespartnership
        .com