THE BORDER GUARD OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND by lcs51830

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									            THE BORDER GUARD
        OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND




                                        Drafted by:
           International Co-operation Bureau of the Border Guard Headquarters
02-514 Warszawa, Al. Niepodległości 100, fax: + 48 22 60 29 246, phone no: + 48 22 500 40 38,
                           e-mail: wweu.bwm@strazgraniczna.pl
                       Sea border                                                            Republic
                       395.31 km                                     Russian Federation     of Lithuania
                                                                                             104.28 km
                                                                             232.04

                                        Gdańsk Rębiechowo


                          Szczecin

                                                                                                       Republic
                                                                                                      of Belarus
                                                                                                      418.24 km


Federal Republic       Poznań Ławica
  of Germany                                                           Warszawa Okęcie
   489.37 km



                                       Wrocław Strachowice


                                           Katowice Pyrzowice

                   Czech Republic                            Kraków Balice                             Ukraine
                                                                               Rzeszów Jasionka
                                                                                                       535.18 km
                     796.04 km




    External border 1 580.77 km
                                                        Republic of Slovakia
    Internal border 1 930.75 km                                 541.06 km
                  STRUCTURE OF THE BORDER GUARD

                                                                      Russian Federation    Republic
                                                                                            of Lithuania

                                              Morski

                                                               Warmińsko- Mazurski

                          Pomorski
                                                                                                      Republic
      Federal                                                                          Podlaski       of Belarus
      Republic
      of Germany
                                                                     Headquarters


                            Lubuski
                                                             Nadwiślański


                              Łużycki                                                Nadbużański


                                        Sudecki                                                            Ukraine

                                                  Śląski
Headquarters of a Regional Unit
                                                                                  Bieszczadzki
Area of Regional Unit’s activity                                  Karpacki
Training Centre
                                Czech Republic
Central Training Centre
                                                           Republic of Slovakia
Dog Training Centre
                                        HISTORY
•Response to the conclusions of the Tampere European Council of 15 and 16 October 1999,
- On 7 December 2001, the Council endorsed the so called "European management concept
on border control" (doc. 14570/01 FRONT 69) which provided a basis for further
development of the operational cooperation between the Member States.

•In accordance with this conclusion, the European Commission on 7 May 2002 approved a
Communication to the Council and the European Parliament concerning “an integrated
management of the external borders of the Member States of the European Union”, that
included an analysis of the situation in this field, both at operational level and at normative
level, and proposed a number of measures and actions to be implemented at European
Union level (COM (2002) 233 final).

•Following the above-mentioned Commission's Communication, the Council adopted the
“Plan for the management of the external borders of the Member States of the European
Union (doc. 10019/02) on 13 June 2002, containing 5 main components of a common
integrated border management system: a common operational co-ordination and co-
operation mechanism, common integrated risk analysis, personnel and inter-operational
equipment, a common Corpus of legislation and burden sharing between the Member States
and the Union.

•After the adoption of this plan, significant measures were taken both at operational and
legislative level towards the progressive development of the common integrated border
management system , inter alia, by the creation of the Schengen Catalogue on border
control, the adoption of the Schengen Borders Code, the drafting of a practical handbook for
border guards, the creation of an "External Borders Fund" and the establishment of the
FRONTEX-Agency with a special risk analysis unit.
Definition of Integrated Border Management
                    (JHA meeting 5 of December 2006)


The Integrated Border Management, consists of the following aspects:

•   border control (checks and surveillance) as defined in the Schengen
    borders code, including relevant risk analysis and crime intelligence
•   detection and investigation of cross border crime in coordination with all
    competent law enforcement authorities
•   the four-tier access control model (measures in third countries,
    cooperation with neighbouring countries, border control, control
    measures within the area of the free movement including return)[1]
•   inter-agency cooperation for border management (border guards,
    customs, police, national security and other relevant authorities) and
    international cooperation.
•   coordination and coherence of activities of Member States, Institutions
    and other bodies of the Community and the Union.

    [1]
          EU BORDER SECURITY STRATEGY
                    (OF FOUR PILLARS)




                                     COOPERATIO
COOPERATIO                                       N
          N         BORDER               WITH
BETWEEN MS                          BORDER GUA
           s       CONTROL                     RD ,
                                       CUSTOMS
IMMIGRATION    - surveillance
                                      AND POLICE
  CONTROL      - checks
                                    AUTHORITIES
               - risk analysis                  IN
                                    NEIGHBOURIN
 RETURN                                         G
                                     COUNTRIES
                  CUSTOMS
                  CONTROL




                                                    ACTIVITIES
                                                        IN
                                                  3RD COUNTRIES
         FIRST PILLAR – Activities in the 3 rd countries


Close co – operation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (issuing visas):
  • Consulates
  • Embassies
          SECOND PILLAR –

Co – operation with the Police services
 of neighbouring non - EU countries
                                   FORMS OF CO-OPERATION
- meetings of border services’ commanders


- Liaison officers of the Border Guards

   • evaluation of the mutual co-operation and the state of protection of the common border;
   • joint actions aimed at improvement of activities in the field of border protection and border traffic control;
   • solving any problems that may appear in the field of border traffic control;
   • exchange of information on possible problems in the field of border control;
   • analysis of illegal migration and smuggling threats, exchange of information in this field.
   • co-operation in combating corruption;
   • exchange of experts in various fields;
   • joint training patrols;
   • creation of a VHF radio network for the purposes of co-operation;
   • contact points.

Council for Co-operation of Neighbouring Regions within this framework – a Committee on
Border Crossing Points
   • development of border infrastructure;
   • new investments;
   • preparation of documents regulating border traffic.
                          REGIONAL FORMS OF CO-OPERATION

-Visegrad Group + Ukraine

Co-operation within the framework of the Schedule of activities for 2006 in preparation for full membership in
Schengen, aimed at further developing close co-operation, exchange of experience and introduction of
practical actions with the participation of border protection services of Hungary, Slovakia, Poland and Ukraine,
signed on 1 July 2006 in Siófok. The2006 Schedule covers:


  •   exchange of statistics;
  •   simultaneous operation in detection and revealing of border crime with the involvement of national
      customs services, the police and other authorities;
  •   meetings of experts and joint operation in the field of criminal investigation;
  •   meetings of experts and joint operations in the field of disclosing document forgery;
  •   exchanging of study visits with lectures and workshops on co-operation of border services with national
      bodies;
  •   meetings of experts in the field of developing standards in readmission practices;
  •   workshops on contact points in order to establish such points at Hungarian-Ukrainian and Slovakian-
      Ukrainian border – on the basis of experience gained at the Polish border (proposal from the Ukrainian
      Party);
  •   meeting of experts aimed at exchange of experience in counteracting corruption (proposal from the
      Ukrainian Party).
                        REGIONAL FORMS OF CO-OPERATION

-Baltic Sea Region Border Control Co – operation (BSRBCC) – created in 1997

Participating countries: Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Poland and Russia.


• annual conferences of border guard’s commanders,
• System of information exchange based on:
 - weekly situation report
 - list of suspicious ships
 - computerised data trasmission system COASTNET (encrypted)


• maritime operations and exercises
• meetings of experts
    THIRD PILLAR – BORDER AND CUSTOMS CONTROL




FORMS OF BORDER ACTIVITIES:
 • Passport control
 • Radiometric control
 • Surveillance of the green border (patrols, electronic surveillance –special vehicles, aircraft
   and helicopters, portable devices)
 • Intelligence activities (undercover)
 • Risk analysis
 • close co – operation with other Polish institutions
 • close co – operation with inhabitants of border areas
     COOPERATION WITH OTHER POLISH INSTITUTIONS


                                        BORDER GUARD




                                                                                                  SOK
                       Office for                                      Military
Customs                              ABW – Internal   Intelligence                  Military   - Railway
            Police   Repatriation                                    Intelligence
 service                            Security Agency     Agency                      Services   Protection
                      and Aliens                                       Services
                                                                                                Service




 Range of cooperation:
 • joint inspections (control of legality of aliens’ stay, combating smuggling),
 • information exchange (on wanted persons, stolen property, crime, false documents),
 • joint training,
 • joint exercises,
 • issuing opinions on granting visas to aliens,
 • procedures on granting refugee status.
FOURTH PILLAR – COOPERATION BETWEEN MSs,
 IMMIGRATION CONTROL, RETURN OPERATIONS
                  BG ACTIVITY AT THE POLISH TERRITORY


 Within the entire territory of the country, BG performs activities aimed at detection,
 apprehension and deportation of persons staying illegally in Poland and/or working
 without permit.
 BG (on their own or in cooperation with other services) apprehended 4 055 aliens;
 621 were expelled and 1835 instructed to leave the Polish territory.
During joint controls aimed at verifying legality of aliens’ residence BG apprehended:
 • 3 989 persons - who were later expelled,
 • 60 persons for law infringement,
 • 6 wanted persons ,
 • 143 vehicle registration documents,
                                                                 Nadwiślański
 • 27 driving licenses,                                         BG Regional Unit

 • 10 vehicles.
12 581 persons were fined – total amount of
Fines PLN 449 715.
             COOPERATION
WITH BORDER SERVICES OF MEMBER STATES
                              CO-OPERATION CENTRES
FRONTEX Agency - participation of the border guard experts in the activities of Agency and in joint
operations.

Contact Points were established on the basis of international bilateral agreements between neighbouring
states and serve for exchange of information. They are located at border crossings operated by officers of
both states’ border services in a shift system.

FPO operate under the auspices of the FRONTEX Agency. Member States’ border guard officers are
delegated to the focal points. The co-operation serves for exchange of experience, improving foreign
language skills, development of proper control standards.

NCC – BSR BCC - National Coordination Centre –
Baltic Sea Region Border Control Co-operation

National Contact Point for cooperation with Europol
                         CONCLUSIONS

•   NATIONAL BORDER SECURITY SYSTEMS ARE THE CORE OF IBM -
    INCLUDING FUNCTIONAL COOPERATION WITH NEIGHBOURS –
    PROTECTION OF THE EU EXTERNAL BORDERS IS VESTED TO THE MS

•   FRONTEX

       KEY CO – ORDINATOR OF OPERATIONAL MEASURES
       SYSTEM OF RISK ANALYSIS AT ALL LEVELS SHOULD BE MORE
        UNIFIED (EU, NATIONAL, REGIONAL AND LOCAL) MODIFIED CIRAM
        MODEL (FRONTEX)
       INCREASING ROLE OF FRONTEX IN CO – ORDINATION OF RETURN
        OPERATIONS
       SUCCESFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF RABITs AND FJST – INCREASING
       ROLE OF MUTUAL SUPPORT OF MS + „TOOL BOX”
       COMMON TRAINING MODEL

•   SCHENGEN EVALUATION SYSTEM MIGHT BE MORE CLOSELY
    INTEGRATED IN OPERATIONAL COOPERATION (RISK ANALYSIS,
    UNANNOUNCED EVALUATIONS) – QUALITY CONTROL IS AN IMPORTANT
    PART OF THE SYSTEM – TRAINING OF EVALUATORS ORGANISED BY
    FRONTEX PARTNERSHIP ACADEMIES??????

•   IMPLEMENTATION OF EXTERNAL BORDERS FOUND (1,82 BLN euros 2007
    – 2013)

								
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