Statistics Canada Citizenship and Immigration Canada - A

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					Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC)


 FROM ARRIVAL TO SIX MONTHS


                       University of Manitoba
                           June 4, 2004




   Statistics Canada                            Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       What is LSIC?

Longitudinal survey designed to study how new
immigrants adjust to life in Canada
  Interviewed: 6 months, 2 years and 4 years after arrival
  Target population: all immigrants 15 years of age and over,
  who landed from abroad between October 2000 and
  September 2001

Joint Statistics Canada – Citizenship and
Immigration Canada project supported by funding
from the PRDG



   Statistics Canada                         Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                  Pre-migration and at Arrival
                        LSIC immigrants
Admission category: 67% admitted under the
economic category (56% SPA & 44% SSD), 27%
family category & 6% refugees.
Age: 25-44yrs (66%); 15-24yrs (16%); 45-64yrs
(14%)
Education: 68% of immigrants arrived with at least
one diploma or degree and 19% had more than
one.
Region of birth: 68% Asia & Middles East, 15%
Europe, 9% Africa

   Statistics Canada                   Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                  Pre-migration and at Arrival
                         Why Canada?


Majority of new immigrants reported Canada as
the only country to which they applied - 98%
30% to improve future for family
27% to join family or close friends
11% education & training




   Statistics Canada                   Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                        Six Months After Arrival
                       Choosing Where To Settle

Most immigrants settled in largest CMA’s
Joining relatives or friends a key consideration
followed by: language (Montreal), job prospects
(Toronto) and climate (Vancouver)
Economic category SPAs outside of Montreal,
Toronto and Vancouver cite "job prospects" and
"joining family/friends" almost equally (32% and
36% respectively)



   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Six Months After Arrival
                              Housing

Ontario attracted the majority of new immigrants -
57%
Low mobility among new immigrants
Majority of immigrants have relatives (88%), new
friends (82%) in same city
Household size larger than Canadian average (2.6
vs 3.4)



   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                        Six Months After Arrival
                       A New Linguistic Environment
Majority report being able to communicate in either
English or French
Almost all skilled workers speak one of Canada’s
official languages, refugees and family immigrants
highest proportion not able to speak
English/French.
Learning English and French important to
newcomers



   Statistics Canada                        Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Six Months After Arrival
                          Maintaining Health

New immigrants are generally healthy.
One in four reported at least one health problem
since their arrival.
Three quarters of those with health problems had
received care – if not: “not serious enough” or for
“financial reasons”.
Desirable traits for health providers – “same
language” (57%), “same gender” (31% of
females), “same ethnicity” (36%).

   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                           Six Months After Arrival
                            Education & Training

    Since arrival – 45% of new immigrants were
    enrolled in training, of which:
-   58% English language training
-   23% education leading to a degree or diploma
-   9% French language training and
-   8% job-related.




       Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Six Months After Arrival
                         Foreign Credentials

Foreign credentials in LSIC include any licence
required to practice an occupation or education
above a high school diploma obtained outside
Canada.
76% arrived with at least one foreign credential,
38% had more than one.
Credential recognition is a major hurdle for new
immigrants
Six months after arrival 32% started the credential
assessment process.
   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Six Months After Arrival
                          Making Ends Meet

Three quarters brought savings to Canada
(roughly $30,000 CDN per family excl. business
class immigrants)
Most households declare income within six months
(roughly $2,300 per month before deductions),
nonetheless one in seven had no income
Employment earnings constitute three quarters of
household income
One third report not having enough money

   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Six Months After Arrival
                          Ties to Homeland

Carrying on the values and traditions of their
homeland either important or very important - 83%
New immigrants are more likely to establish social
networks with individuals from the same ethnic or
cultural background
1/6 sending money home




   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                             Six Months After Arrival
                       Problems or difficulties encountered

                                           Problems or Difficulties
                                                    (%)

      120
      100
       80
       60
       40
       20
        0
                  Find housing          Access health care Acquire education Finding employment
                                            services          & training


                          No problems or difficulties         At least one problem or difficulty

Source: Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, Wave 1

              Statistics Canada                                                  Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                          Six Months After Arrival
                           Type of Problems


                                      Top three most serious problems
                                1st                 2nd                      3rd
Accessing health               Waiting
                                              Cost/financial            Language
services                    lists/lineup
                                               Lack of credit       Lack of suitable
Finding housing            Cost/finacial
                                             history/guarantor         housing
Accessing                                                              Not enough
education or                Language          Cost/financial            courses or
training                                                               courses full
                                                Transfer of
                         Lack of Canadian
Finding a job                                     foreign               Language
                            experience
                                               qualifications



     Statistics Canada                                           Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                        Six Months After Arrival
                        Sources of help received


                               Three most common sources of help
                             1st              2nd                    3rd
Accessing health          Relatives or                         Health Care
                                            Friends
services                family members                          workers

                                           Relatives or        Settlement
Finding housing            Friends
                                         family members       organization
Accessing
                                           Relatives or        Educational
education or               Friends
                                         family members         institution
training
                                           Relatives or        Settlement
Finding a job              Friends
                                         family members       organization




    Statistics Canada                                     Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Six Months After Arrival
                       Settlement Satisfaction

Despite difficulties encountered, 74% satisfied with
experiences in Canada
76% say their expectations have been met or
exceeded
Almost half plan to help others immigrate to
Canada
Almost all plan to acquire citizenship



   Statistics Canada                       Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Data Dissemination

Joint STC-CIC publication to be released fall 2004
Set of standard data tables to be released later in
2004
Official release in Statistics Canada’s “The Daily”
on September 4, 2003.




   Statistics Canada                  Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                       Access to Data

Survey data files are available through Statistics
Canada Research Data Centers
Custom tabulations
Contact: (613) 951-3321 or 1-800-461-9050
ssd@statcan.ca




   Statistics Canada                    Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                           Contact Information
                                           Statistics Canada
       Statistics Canada
                                   Sylvain Tremblay – Project Manager
    Charles Delorme - Chief
          (613) 951-7354                      W3 Content

  charles.delorme@statcan.ca                (613) 951-2528
                                      sylvain.tremblay@statcan.ca

       Statistics Canada
    Jessie-Lynn MacDonald -                Statistics Canada

         Project Manager             Patrice Dion – Project Manager

  W1 Analysis & Dissemination               W2 Processing

          (613) 951-0484                    (613) 951-7335

jessie-lynn.macdonald@statcan.ca        patrice.dion@statcan.ca


       Statistics Canada                         Citizenship and Immigration Canada
                     Contact Information

      Citizenship and Immigration Canada

                        Jean Bergeron
                    Senior Research Officer
         Citizenship and Immigration Canada

                        (613) 957-5976
                    jean.bergeron@cic.gc.ca



Statistics Canada                             Citizenship and Immigration Canada

				
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