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                                                  INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
                                                 RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES

 (a) International law, organization and administration/Droit international, organisation et administration internationales

60.2474     ALABI, Mojeed Olujinmi A. — UN reforms: withdrawal of                WTO system complainants act magnanimously, thereby bypassing their
            membership as an option? African Journal of International            best outcome in a game. [R, abr.]
            Affairs and Development 13(1-2), 2008 : 66-93.
In the face of the US frustration of the widely-acclaimed proposals for          60.2479    ARGENSON, Pierre-Henri d’ — The future of European
reform of the UN system, the paper considers the feasibility of using                       Defence Policy. Survival 51(5), Oct.-Nov. 2009 : 143-154.
withdrawal or threat of it as a policy option by countries which no longer
feel comfortable with the present system which constraints the UN to the         The European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) will soon confront a
role of an agency for pursuit of the hegemonic interests of the US and its       threshold of progress beyond which controversial choices on future
allies. It examines the nature of UN membership and the possibility of           developments and final aims will have to be made. [R]
withdrawal, taking cognizance of the letter and spirit of the UN Charter.
[R, abr.]
                                                                                 60.2480    ARNAULD, Andreas von — Souveränität und responsibil-
                                                                                            ity to protect (Sovereignty and Responsibility to Protect).
60.2475     ALLEE, Susan S. — UN blue: an examination of the inter-                         Friedens-Warte 84(1), 2009 : 11-52.
            dependence between UN peacekeeping and peacemak-
            ing. International Journal of Peace Studies 14(1), Spring-           The concept of responsibility to protect could mark a new step in the
            Summer 2009 : 73-107.                                                process of opening-up sovereign statehood. It is [however] doubtful
                                                                                 whether the responsibility to protect can already be regarded as an
This article examines how the interaction between the political and              emerging norm of international law. For this end, further internal differen-
military elements of multi-track approaches to UN peacekeeping and               tiation of criteria and means is necessary. Perhaps the future of the
peace-making have played out in the field and at Headquarters in con-            concept lies not so much with the creation of concrete legal obligations,
flicts where the UN rubric is attached to both tasks but where they are          but in carving a possible new constitutional principle for the international
not united under one operation. UN efforts in Cyprus and Lebanon                 community. After further development, it could thus serve as a concep-
illustrate how well the institution harmonizes peacekeeping and peace-           tual framework for different elements of contemporary international law.
making. The analysis traces how public developments as well as consid-           [R, abr.] [First article of a thematic issue on "Sovereignty in transition".
erations internal to the UN have influenced the course of action. The            See also Abstr. 60.2513, 2586, 2594]
author explores the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) and
the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) to analyze the issues, with the
objective of shedding light on how better to tailor the UN structures to         60.2481    ARSAVA, A. Füsun — Insani devletler hukuku ve insane
move the process to sustainable peace. [R, abr.]                                            haklari sözleşmeleri ilişkisi (The relationships between
                                                                                            international humanitarian law and human rights conven-
                                                                                            tions). Uluslararasi Hukuk ve Politika 19, 2009 : 1-21.
60.2476     ALMEIDA MEDEIROS, Marcelo de ; CAMPOS, Cinthia
            Regina — União Européia, reformas institucionais e defi-             That human rights declarations and international humanitarian law cross
            cit democrático : uma análise a partir do mecanismo de               on the boundaries of each other's field is not disputed. This article pro-
            co-decisão (European Union, institutional reforms and                vides an answer to the question of how the rivalry between these two
            democratic deficit: an analysis of the co-decision                   fields of law will be settled in cases where they cross boundaries. [R]
            mechanism). Revista brasileira de Política internacional
            52(1), 2009 : 29-52.                                                 60.2482    BAILER, Stefanie ; SCHULZ, Tobias ; SELB, Peter — What
The first part describes the EU decision-making system, highlighting the                    role for the party group leader? A latent variable ap-
institutions that define the rules of the game and the practice. The sec-                   proach to leadership effects on party group cohesion in
ond part provides data about the application of co-decision between                         the European Parliament. Journal of Legislative Studies
1999 and 2006, identifying the core themes and their frequency in each                      15(4), Dec. 2009 : 355-378.
part of the decision process. [R, abr.]
                                                                                 Previous research has identified several structural and situational factors
                                                                                 that affect party cohesion in parliamentary voting behavior. The potential
60.2477     AMTENBRINK, Fabian — The multidimensional constitu-                  role of leadership has been neglected so far. The authors apply a latent-
            tional legal order of the European Union — a successful              variable approach to model leadership effects in roll-call votes from the
            case of cosmopolitan constitution-building. Netherlands              EP, 1979-2001. Other things being equal, their findings suggest that a
            Yearbook of International Law 39, 2008 : 3-68.                       small but significant 7 per cent share of the total variance in party group
                                                                                 cohesion is due to the party group leaders. About 40 per cent of this
This contribution reviews the rationale put forward in favor of a global         leader component can be accounted for by their experience inside the
legal order based on cosmopolitan values. The notion of legal cosmopol-          European institutions, their career prospects, and their ideological posi-
itanism and the case for its constitutionalization and institutionalization is   tions. [R]
sketched with the aim of providing a theoretical framework for the critical
evaluation of the multidimensional constitutional legal order for which the
EU arguably stands. With regard to the latter, sections 4 and 5 address          60.2483    BANDYOPADHYAY, Jayanta ; GHOSH, Nilanjan — Holistic
the question whether and to what extent the EU can be understood to                         engineering and hydro-diplomacy in the Ganges-
constitute a cosmopolitan project and, moreover, as a successful case of                    Brahmaputra-Meghna basin. Economic and Political
cosmopolitan constitution-building. [R, abr.]                                               Weekly 44(45), 7-13 Nov. 2009 : 50-60.
                                                                                 The worldwide paradigm shift in river basin management has not af-
60.2478     ANDRADE LUCENA CARNEIRO, Cristiane de — Disputas                     fected policymakers in South Asia. Hydro-diplomacy in the Ganges-
            comerciais e magnanimidade : um estudo do mecanismo                  Brahmaputra-Meghna basin is still based on reductionist engineering,
            de solução de controvérsias da Organização Mundial de                and looks at marginal economic benefits, without showing any concern
            Comércio à luz da teoria dos movimentos (Trade dispute               for the long-run implications for livelihoods and ecosystem. The govern-
            and magnanimity and WTO disputes: a study of WTO                     ments in the river basin are already facing the challenge of extreme
            dispute-settlement using the theory of moves). Contexto              poverty, despite the countries experiencing high levels of precipitation.
            internacional 30(3), Sept.-Dec. 2009 : 615-654.                      This paper discusses the lacunae of the reductionist engineering para-
                                                                                 digm, and stresses the need for a holistic framework in ecological engi-
Why do most trade disputes in the WTO end in a friendly settlement,              neering an for hydro-diplomacy in the basin. This framework is based on
despite the existence of a sophisticated dispute-settlement mechanism?           a new transdisciplinary knowledge base created by the emerging science
How can we explain the complainant's preference for a friendly settle-           of eco-hydrology, economics, and new institutional theories. [R]
ment when we know that the WTO decides 64% of the cases in favor of
the complainant? I discuss patterns of settlement in the GATT/WTO
system using Steven J. Brams’s Theory of Moves [Cambridge, 1994] to              60.2484    BARNIDGE, Robert P., Jr. — The United Nations and the
study the strategic choices available to disputants. I suggest that in the                  African Union: assessing a partnership for peace in Dar-


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