Lab Exercise 1 – Directional terms, surface anatomy

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					Lab Exercise 1 – Directional terms, surface anatomy landmarks, body planes & sections,
body cavities & their serous membranes

Directional terms (refer to a body in anatomical position) – define the following terms:
- Anterior (ventral)                               - Lateral
- Caudal (rostral)                                 - Medial
- Cephalic (cranial)                               - Posterior (dorsal)
- Deep (internal)                                  - Proximal
- Distal                                           - Superficial (external)
- Inferior                                         - Superior
Anterior surface body landmarks- describe where each of the following is located.
   - Abdominal                                     - Mammary
   - Acromial                                      - Mental
   - Antebrachial                                  - Nasal
   - Antecubital                                   - Oral
   - Axillary                                      - Orbital
   - Brachial                                      - Palmar
   - Buccal                                        - Patellar
   - Carpal                                        - Pedal
   - Cervical                                      - Pelvic
   - Coxal                                         - Peroneal (fibular)
   - Crural                                        - Pollex
   - Digital                                       - Pubic
   - Femoral                                       - Sternal
   - Frontal                                       - Tarsal
   - Hallux                                        - Thoracic
   - Inguinal                                      - Umbilical
Posterior surface body landmarks – describe where each of the following is located
   - Acromial (deltoid)                            - Olecranal
   - Brachial                                      - Otic
   - Calcaneal                                     - Perineal
   - Cephalic                                      - Plantar
   - Dorsum                                        - Popliteal
   - Femoral                                       - Sacral
   - Gluteal                                       - Scapular
   - Lumbar                                        - Sural
   - Manus                                         - Vertebral
   - Occipital

Body Planes & Sections – describe these below
  - Frontal (coronal) plane               - Oblique cut
  - Longitudinal cut (l.s.)               - Parasagittal plane
  - Midsagittal (median) plane            - Transverse plane (c.s.)
Dorsal (posterior) Body Cavities – list the organs found in these body cavities
- Cranial cavity
- Vertebral (spinal) cavity

Ventral (anterior) Body Cavities
- Thoracic cavity
       - Pericardial cavity
       - Pleural cavities (2)
- Abdominopelvic cavity.
-- Quadrants:
       L. & R. Lower
       L. & R. Upper
-- Regions - list the organs found in each of the following regions:
       Epigastric
       Hypogastric
       L. & R Hypochondriac
       L. & R. Iliac (inguinal)
       L. & R. Lumbar
       Umbilical

Serous Membranes (parietal & visceral) – describe where each membrane is located
- Pericardial
- Peritoneal
- Pleural

				
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