1956 1956 What kind by mifei

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									                1956
  What kind of people would
   you find in this street?




2006
      London is...
home to people of every
  race and faith. More
than 300 languages are
spoken here, and whilst
 some cultural groups
   have been here for
    centuries, 30% of
 Londoners today were
      born abroad
     Your homework today:

- Conduct an interview with
  someone who came originally
  from another country, or
  whose family did.
- (We will come up with the
  questions later in this lesson)
• Out of every 1,000 people in London,
  on average:
        •120 are Asian

        •114 are White non-British

        •109 are Black

        •32 are of mixed race

        •11 are Chinese

• In 2001, 25% of people living in Greater
  London were born abroad.
• Map to be projected onto board – students
  mark with board pen where they think
  immigrants have come to London from
                     Asia
            UK


                               (China)
                     (India)
Caribbean                                (Vietnam)



            Africa
       As you listen to the story of the people who came to London, draw
           a line to show where on the timeline the boxes should go.

               John                        Chinese
               Blanke                      immigrants
                                                                        Vietnamese
               played at                                                immigrants           Britain started
                                           settled in
               the court                                                began to             to build an
                                           London
               of Henry                                                                      empire
                                                                        arrive
               VIII




   1500              1600                1700                 1800                   1900                2000


                                                                                                      People
    Arrival of the                                                                                    were invited
    Windrush                                                                                          to come
                                                                                                      from other
                                                                                                      countries to
                                                                                                      settle here,
                                                                                                      and help
                                                                                                      rebuild!

Trade
started to                                                                                  The Romans
bring                                                                                       brought some
                                                        Africans brought to                 black soldiers
people from
                                                        London by those                     with them
afar to                                                 involved in the
London                      Bangladeshi
                                                        slave trade, and
                            people began to             made to work as
                            arrive in London            domestic servants
• Britain was always a land of
  immigrants – we all came from
  somewhere!
• Roman art found in London
  dating from 100-300AD shows
  that black soldiers travelled
  with the Romans to Britain.
• In about 1450, Britain started to do a lot of
  international TRADE



• Why might this bring foreign people to
  London?

• In the ports of London, people would have
  seen soldiers and sailors from all over the
  globe
                 Empire
• From about 1500, Britain started to build
  up colonies in Asia and Africa.

Some of the native people of these and
 other European colonies came to
 London.

Let’s look at the story of one man…
• It appears that John Blanke,
  a Black trumpeter, was a
  regular musician at the court
  of Henry VIII (1509-1549).
  Musicians' payments were
  noted in the accounts of the
  Treasurer of the Chamber,
  who was responsible for
  paying the wages. There are
  several payments recorded
  to a 'John Blanke, the blacke
  trumpeter'.
     Impact of the slave trade?
• During the eighteenth century (1700s) the
  enormous Atlantic slave trade brought many
  black Africans to Britain. Sea captains and
  plantation owners returning home from America
  would bring slaves back with them to work as
  servants.



• By the 1760s, the Black population had grown to
  somewhere between 20,000 and 40,000;
  Granville Sharp estimated the number of black
  servants in London alone at 20,000, in a city of
  676,250 people
              20th century
               After the Second World
               War (1939-45), the British
               government wanted to
               rebuild!



• There were not enough British people for
  the job, so the Government looked to the
  empire.
• In the post-war period heavy
  immigration from countries of the
  old British Empire changed the
  character of the London. Notting
  Hill and Brixton acquired large
  Caribbean populations, and Sikhs
  settled in Southall.



  •The first large ship
  carrying people from
  Jamaica was called the
  Windrush. It arrived in
  1948.
    Chinese and Vietnamese Immigration

• 1960s: The next major wave of
  immigration came in the 1960's.
  Land reform in Hong Kong brought
  farmers to Britain in search of a
  new livelihood. Many settled in
  Soho, drawn to the booming
  Chinese restaurant trade. (By this
  time British soldiers from the war in
  the Far East had created a new
  customer base for Chinese cuisine.)

• 1970s: Lewisham and Lambeth
  became the next focal points for
  Chinese immigrants in the late
  1970s when Vietnamese Chinese
  people fled the Vietnam War
     Bangladeshi Immigration
• In the 1970s, immigration reforms also
  allowed Bangladeshi people to come to
  England, fleeing the political troubles
  there. Many of the first immigrants settled
  in Whitechapel where they worked mainly
  in the rug trade.
     In the last 10 years
• People have immigrated
  from many other
  countries, and continue
  to do so.
• Who are the new ethnic
  groups in London today?
•Have a look at
 the board again
 – did you
 choose the right
 places?
What to do now?

Spend 1 minute checking the timeline of the
  person next to you.

Then open your book and write the title:



        The history of
        multiculturalism
This is your chance to think about the kind of
 questions you want to ask for your
 research project…

								
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