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									  Information and Communication
Technologies in Aquaculture: NACA’s

  Sih-Yang Sim, Yoothana Suansok and Simon Wilkinson
            Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific
        Suraswadi Building, Department of Fisheries Compound
Kasetsart University Campus, Ladyao, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
                  Introduction to NACA
• Intergovernmental organization, 15 full member governments
  and 4 participating governments (members including China,
  India, Thailand, Malaysia, etc)
• Coordinating network of aquaculture & related institutions in the
• Network functions by sharing information and expertise between
  participating institutions and through people-based networks
• Providing aquaculture training to farmers, government officers,
• Broadly focused addressing all aspects of sustainable
  aquaculture development
         NACA Organization Structure

• Governed by Governing Council Members
• Operated and Coordinated by Secretariat, headed by
• Technical Consultation by Technical Advisory
  Committee and FAO
• Regional Lead Centres – R & D
• National Lead Centres – Implement and adapt
  technology to suit local conditions

• FAO definition “Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic
  organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic
  plants. Farming implies some sort of intervention in the rearing
  process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding,
  protection from predators, etc. Farming also implies individual
  or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated. For
  statistical purposes, aquatic organisms which are harvested by an
  individual or corporate body which has owned them throughout
  their rearing period contribute to aquaculture while aquatic
  organisms which are exploitable by the public as a common
  property resources, with or without appropriate licenses, are the
  harvest of fisheries”
                  Brief on Aquaculture
• It is one of the fastest developing industries
• Increasing concern with improper and inappropriate used of
  technologies and techniques:
   – Lead to environmental issues
   – Disease problems
   – Economics and social livelihood losses
• Increasing need in proper information, technologies, and
  farming techniques dissemination, such as the Code of Good
  Management Conduct in Aquaculture
• NACA is taking a step forward and making eNACA as an
  information hub for sustainable aquaculture development in the
   Traditional Information and Communication
             Methods in Aquaculture

• Magazines – Aquaculture Asia, quarterly multilingual aquaculture
  magazine by NACA
• Other form of publications such as workshop proceedings,
  reports, etc
• Workshops and Seminars, for examples the recent NACA
  AquaBusiness Seminar and Exhibit in Langkawi, Malaysia
• Study tours and field trips
• Training Courses, such as a regular training course run in NACA
  Regional Lead Centre at Wuxi, China and the upcoming Grouper
  Hatchery Training Course in Bali, Indonesia
    Limitation of Traditional Information and
    Communication Methods in Aquaculture

• Limitation of these methods
   – Time consuming and less flexible
   – Expensive - not all people can participate
   – Limiting distribution
   – Information is easily outdated, particularly on disease
    New Age Information and Communication
           Methods in Aquaculture
• Websites
• E-mail news – Grouper Electronic Newsletter
• Web based and e-mail discussion groups
• CDs
• Networking – Asia-Pacific Grouper Network (APGN), with
  fully integrated communication network on R & D in grouper
  and marine fish activities, ranging from Australia, Indonesia,
  Philippines, Thailand, and possibly expanding to Malaysia,
  Vietnam and more in the region.
• Due to the success of APGN activities, strong support from
  ACIAR (Australia) for expanding networking activities into
  other R & D programs
New Useful Information & Communication
     Tools For NACA’s Websites
• Search Engine
• Databases – such as AAPQIS, the information from the
  AAPQIS has been used to develop a very resourceful and
  useful manual for farmers
• Electronic Library – to allow institutions to access each
  other publications
• Mail server – for electronic news, events, etc
        Trans-Himalayan Coldwater Fisheries
                 Network (TCFN)
• Increasing awareness and important of internet technologies in
  aquaculture and fisheries for information exchange and
• Members of NACA request to assist in establishing TCFN
• Including establishing the internet and networking facilities in
• This program will extend to other countries such as China, India,
  Pakistan, etc in the Trans-Himalayan region
• The request strongly indicating the important of modern
  communication technologies and their application in Aquaculture
  and fisheries activities
      e-Learning in Aquaculture Education and
• In 1999, APEC funded a program on “Collaborative Aquaculture
  Education in the Asia-Pacific Region”, which was carried out
  jointly by NACA and Deakin University (Australia)
• As a result, an Expert Consultation (EC) was held in Hanoi,
  Vietnam in May 2000
• The EC recommended an Aquaculture Education Consortium
  (AEC) to be established, to develop a regional aquaculture
  curriculum, and also include some technical level courses to help
  farmers learn on-the-job
• A second Expert Meeting was held in Nov 2001 in Hanoi,
  Vietnam, funded by FAO, and hosted by RIA No 1
• AEC was strongly supported once again
       e-Learning in Aquaculture Education and
• NACA and Deakin University is already working toward
  establishing the AEC, based on the recommendation and NACA’s
  5 years Work Program
• Kasetsart University (KU) was invited and two representatives
  attended the meeting, one from Department of Aquaculture and
  one from the Computer Center
• NACA will look for strong link with KU in the Aquaculture
  Education Program, KU already connected with APAN network
• To achieve the e-Learning program in aquaculture education and
  training, NACA seeks to build links with APAN, with its strong
  internet network in this region
       Constraints of Modern Communication
           Technologies in Aquaculture

• General Constraints
  – Not accessible by all, particularly less developed countries and
    remote areas where internet access can be a problem (but can
    be limiting as information can be distributed by extension
    workers, and some conventional extension mechanisms like
    radio and TV are also useful in some areas)
  – Language issues
      Constraints of Modern Communication
          Technologies in Aquaculture

• Specific Constraints
   – NACA is currently connection at 64 Kbs ISDN line, low
     speed internet connection
   – High cost of internet connection, NACA is not a profit
     oriented organization, therefore cost is the major limiting
     factor for further expansion of its services, Most NACA
     aquaculture information are distributed at cost or free, free
     particularly to academic institutes, research institutes, and
        Future Expansion and Collaboration

• NACA would like to expand its internet & website capacities
  and also looking at upgrading server capacity
• Organization interested in providing assistance or work in
  collaboration please contact us or visit our HQ in Bangkok
• To find out more of our activities please visit our website at
Thank You

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