Sustainable livelihood improvement through integrated freshwater

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					    Sustainable livelihood improvement through integrated freshwater aquaculture,
 horticulture and livestock development in selected districts of Orissa (Central Institute of
                              Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar)

                      Environmental and Social Safeguards Management

1. Basic information
       Component Code                                    3 - SRLS
       Code of Proposal                                  5761
       Name of Consortium Principal Investigator Dr. J. K. Jena
       Lead Institution
               Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar-751002, Orissa
               Telephone Number: 0674-2465421, Fax No.: 0674-2465407
               E. mail:
       Consortium Partners
          i.   Central Horticultural Experiment Station (IIHR), Bhubaneswar
        ii.    Regional Centre of Central Avian Research Institute (CARI), Bhubaneswar
        iii.   Centre for Development Research and Training (CENDERET),
        iv.    Xavier Institute of Management (XIMB), Bhubaneswar
       Proposed Date of Start             1 April 2009
       Planned Duration                   3 years and 3 months (April, 2009 to June 2012)
       Project cost                       Rs. 503.55 lakhs

Project Objectives

1. To improve the livelihood of 3000 farm families through integrated development of
   freshwater aquaculture, live stocks and horticulture.

2. To improve the technical skill of farmers through training and on-farm demonstration of
   need based technologies.

3. To promote creation of Self Help Groups and empowerment of existing farmers’
   organisations in order to avail the mainstream facilities and thereby enable them to
   sustain the activities in a long run

4. To recognize and promote the gender participation in main stream activities in relevant
   area of farming
•    Brief Project Description

        The holistic developmental approach through adoption of agriculture, horticulture,
live-stocks and fisheries is considered to be critical for the livelihood security of the people of
the state like Orissa. Based on these premises, the proposed project has been developed to
extend and refine the appropriate agricultural technologies in integrated and holistic manner.
The selected districts i.e. Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Sambalpur of Orissa lie in the poorest
region of the country as identified by the planning commission of India. Since agriculture has
been the primary source of livelihood for the people of the region, the major approach of the
project is improvement of the farming system through technological, institutional and input
support to the farming communities. The four partners of the project are Central Institute of
Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Central Horticultural Experimental Station of IIHR (CHES),
Regional Centre of CARI and CENDRET. The partners have expertise in aquaculture,
horticulture and livestock technologies besides the CENDRET being popular in the social
mobilisation across various parts of the country. The project envisages overall development
of the targeted area through technological, institutional and social interventions. The project
targets demonstration of appropriate technologies pertaining to aquaculture, horticulture and
live-stocks in three agro-ecological clusters covering a total of 3000 farm families distributed
over 60 villages at the 12 blocks in the three districts. The budgetary provision of Rs. 910.31
lakh is proposed for the project, out of which 75.99% (Rs. 691.72 lakh) is earmarked in
recurring, 18.68% (Rs. 170.05 lakh) non-recurring and 5.33% (Rs. 48.54 lakh) as institutional
charges.   The project proposes supply of critical inputs, satisfy the training needs, and
facilitate market and credit linkages.

B. Environmental Category: B

2.      Major issues in the Sub-project

        Social: Major social issues likely to arise on implementation of the projects are:

        1) Inclusion of poor and disadvantaged groups
        2) The capacity of farmers to adapt and sustain the productivity gains
        3) Demonstration of economic benefits of the interventions

        Environmental: Major environmental issues likely to arise on implementation of the
        projects are:
        1) Protection of local biodiversity resources
        2) Impact of use of agro chemicals on environment
3.       Safeguard Policies Triggered (World Bank Policies)

     Safeguard Policies Triggered (World Bank Policies)
                                                                        Yes                 No
     Environmental Assessment (OP/BP 4.01)                              [X]                [ ]
     Natural Habitats (OP/BP 4.04)                                       []                 [X]
     Pest Management (OP 4.09)                                          [X]                [ ]
     Cultural Property (draft OP 4.11-OPN 11.03 -)                       [ ]                [X]
     Involuntary Resettlement (OP/BP 4.12)                               [ ]                [X]
     Indigenous Peoples (OD 4.20)                                       [X]                 [ ]
     Forests (OP/BP 4.36)                                              [ ]                  [X]
     Safety of Dams (OP/BP 4.37)                                        [ ]                 [X]
     Projects in Disputed Areas (OP/BP 7.60)                            [ ]                 [X]
     Projects on International Waterways (OP/BP 7.50)                  [ ]                  [X]
        (Measures to address these issues is given in 8(a)

4. Risk related Issues (not covered under 3 above but perceived to be important in the
     sub project):

     In addition to the issues covered in the table above, the issue of interface with the
     communities is also important to the subproject. Measures to address this issue is given in

     5. Impact Assessment (Enclosure I-II)

     The project will mostly have positive impacts, as it will increase the productivity of
     agricultural crops, fishes and animal products of the area will increase. It will generate
     high employment opportunities of the rural poor and will enhance their livelihood
     security. The project will also facilitate the income and employment generation for
     women farmers and will reduce their drudgery. The capacity building of the farmers and
     other stakeholders will further increase the livelihood security of the rural people and
     productivity of the region/ country as a whole.

6. Potential indirect and / or long-term Impacts due to anticipated future activities in
     the project areas (assessment of anticipated conflict / complimentarily with the current
     as well as those proposed for the next five years) in the areas of activities of the Project):

     •   Effective implementation of appropriate technologies would lead to:
   •   Efficient land and water management.

   •   Enhancement in productivity of land and water resources though practice/adoption of
       scientific technologies.

   •   Introduction of new cultivar/varieties/species in fisheries, horticulture and livestock
       sectors to reap more benefits from farming

   •   Human resource development through knowledge and skill development of the

   •   Improvement in income and livelihood security of the poor household.

   •   Institutional empowerment through promoting and supporting SHG, women group,
       cooperative and other community based organisation

7. Identify the key stakeholders and describe mechanisms for consultation with and to
   them done/disclosure so far done including pre-project consultations with the
   stakeholders, stakeholders’ workshop before formulating the full proposal,
   discussing the full proposal with some stakeholders before submission to the PIU:

       The selection of cluster was based on the available secondary information with
   different developmental departments of the state. Further, ground information were
   collected through repeated discussions with the developmental officials working in these
   districts and also our previous knowledge about these areas. Meetings were conducted
   between the consortium partners to understand and collate information about the ground
   situation of the selected clusters.

   Measures to address issues

   (a) The subproject designed includes following measures:

     i. Environment- The very purpose of the sub project is to sustainably improve the
         degraded environment existing in coastal lands. The screening of environmental
         issues has been done to include possible impacts and appropriate mitigation measures
         are proposed (enclosure I)
    ii. Pest management – Encouraging the use of integrated pest management practices
         will discourage the use of chemical pesticides. This will provide advantage of
         environment and health security to the farmers. Field demonstrations and training of
         farmers on IPM and INM are integral part of the subproject.

   iii. Indigenous people
        The proposed interventions are either through augmenting or making adjustments in
        the livelihood system of the indigenous people without causing any major changes in
        their way of life. It will only improve their income, nutrition and livelihood security.
       However, planned efforts would be made to ensure that tribals are included and derive
       full benefit from the projects intervention.
       i.   Interface with the communities

        The selection of beneficiaries will be made through involvement of local institutions
        and communities; preference will be given to a willing partner. The selection of the
        families would have proportionate representation from the following groups:
               a.   Small, marginal and landless farmers
               b.   Women
               c.   SC and ST group

        Subproject implementation plan would be prepared and agreed with the
        communities and displayed. Participatory approach and transparency in the
        implementation would be maintained.

9. Consultation / disclosures to be done in future:

   Means of consultation/disclosures are as follows:

   •   By organising workshops with involvement of different stake holders and
       developmental departments.

   •   Intermittent discussions among the consortium partners about the programme
       implementation and need-based approaches.

   •   Sharing the results and soliciting feedback with other developmental departments.

   •   Publications of technology broachers in local languages

   •   Publication in annual reports and in website.

Consortia PI                  National Coordinator                        National Director
 Annexure I: Environmental safeguard: Activities, issues, impact and mitigation
Activities1                 Issues2                     Anticipated   Mitigation measures
                                                        level of      (Negative Impact) 4
                                                        Positi Negati
                                                        ve       ve
Mass scale seed            Effect on biodiversity          3        -
production in hatcheries Inbreeding and genetic            -        1 Maintenance of adequate
and fry/fingerling rearing contamination due to                       broodstocks for all
                           hybridization                              species and their periodic
Grow-out carp poly-         Effects on of water            3        -
culture                     resources
                            Disease outbreaks due         -       1     Rational use of inputs
                            to increased input use                      like organic manures and
                                                                        use of herbal therapeutics
Diversification including   Effect on biodiversity        3       -
ornamental fish farming
High value crops viz.,      Effects of change in          4       -
mixed farming of carps      cropping pattern on
with freshwater prawn       water
and catfishes
Integrated fish farming     Bioresource utilization       4       -
                            and effective water use
                            Siltation of fish ponds       -       1     Periodical removal of
                                                                        nutrient-rich pond silts
                                                                        and its use in
                                                                        horticultural crops
‘Bari system of              Effect on agro-              4       -
horticulture’                biodiversity
Fruit and vegetable          Effect on plant              4       -
nursery establishment        biodiversity
Vegetables and fruit         Effects of change in         4       -
production                   cropping pattern on
                             Soil quality                 -       2     Use of INM, IPM and
                             deterioration due to                       botanicals
                             increased pesticides use
Use of high yielding         Effect on biodiversity       3       -
live- stocks, viz., poultry, Soil enrichment in the       2       -
duckery and goat             region
    Annexure II: Social safeguard: Activities, issues, impact and mitigation measures

Activities1                  Issues2                   Anticipated level Mitigation measures
                                                       of Impacts        (Negative Impact) 4
                                                       Positive Negative
Mass scale seed production   Enhanced income               4         -
in hatcheries and
fry/fingerling rearing
Grow-out carp poly-culture   Improved production         5         -
                             and income
                             Enhanced self               4         -
                             Social conflicts             -        1     Discussions and
                             Dependence on                -        2     Promotion for greater
                             external resources                          use of local resources
Diversification including    Enhanced income             4         -
ornamental fish farming      Drudgery reduction          3         -
                             Marketing of the            -         2     Linkages establishment
                             ornamental fish                             between producers and
High value crops viz.,        Enhanced income            4
mixed farming of carps with
freshwater prawn and
Integrated fish farming       Greater resource           5         -
‘Bari system of horticulture’ Family food &              4         -
                              nutritional security
Fruit and vegetable nursery Reduced                      4         -
establishment                 Unemployment
Vegetables and fruit          Change in Land use         4         -
production                    improving long term
                              profitability of land
                              Unbalanced                  -        2     Rational allocation of
                              displacement of food                       land resources
                              crops by cash crops
Use of high yielding live-    Drudgery reduction for     4         -
stocks, viz., poultry,        women
duckery and goat farming      Crop loss by the            -        1     Motivation to grow the
                              birds/animals leading                      animals under proper
                              to social conflict                         watch and ward