Grade 6 Science Curriculum Overview by nwd11905


									                                                        Grade 6 Science Learning Standards

                                             Grade 6 Sciience Curriicullum Overviiew
                                             Grade 6 Sc ence Curr cu um Overv ew

Middle School Science

        “Hands-on, Minds-On, Science” is the primary focus of the middle school science program, and includes content from Earth and Space
Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. The knowledge, process, and applications of
science introduced in middle school will expand knowledge of scientific concepts learned in
grades K-5. The science program in middle school focuses on concepts that are of immediate
concern to the middle school student: problems of the environment, the place of technology in
helping humans to investigate and adapt to their environment as well as special aspects of
human growth and development of the adolescent.

         Middle school students demonstrate an advancing ability to think abstractly, but
concrete experiences provide the principal means for constructing knowledge. There is a
coordination of areas of study within a grade as well as a progressive development of concepts
and applications across grades. Students are encouraged to ask questions, explore scientific
ideas, discuss issues concerning science, and take risks as they search for answers to
questions about the world and the universe. Students readily respond to activities that require
them to exercise their auditory, visual and tactile skills. The need for social contact with their
peers helps them work well in small groups, which is an integral part of science lab work.
Students are encouraged to extend their learning beyond the classroom and thus to develop
higher-order thinking skills that will promote life-long learning.

Grade 6 Integrated Science

         The sixth grade Science Curriculum includes a focus on the Earth’s interior, basic
chemistry, and life sciences. Curriculum focuses on the Earth and its processes, but
integrates chemistry and life sciences. This integration explores how the Earth’s processes are intertwined with the structures of atoms and cells.
Accordingly, use of the microscope strengthens the understanding of how these sciences integrate. To assess their understanding of the scientific
principles and processes students will research, develop, and perform an experiment and in turn participate in the sixth grade Science Fair.

                                                                     Grade 6 Science Learning Standards

 Strand 1: Weather
 Understanding                                 Essential Questions                         Knowledge                                      Skills
 Students will understand that                                                             Students will know the/that                    Students will be able to
Weather and climate affect all living things   • How does weather and climate affect life • Weather affects life in different ways.      • Explain which types of storms usually
on Earth.                                        on Earth?                                • There are extreme patterns of weather          occur in New England.
                                               • How does weather affect your               that affect each community differently.      • Explain all types of storm; hurricanes,
                                                 community?                                                                                tornadoes, blizzards and floods.
                                                                                                                                         • Students will be able to create a project
                                                                                                                                           illustrating one type of major storm.
The atmosphere is essential to life on         •   What are the layers of the atmosphere? • There are four layers of the atmosphere. • Label and identify the four layers of the
Earth.                                         •   What is the importance and effect of the • There are primary gases in the               atmosphere.
                                                   atmosphere to life on Earth?                atmosphere.                               • Explain one important fact about each
                                               •   How is the density of the gases different • Atmosphere has an impact on all life.       layer of the atmosphere and the
                                                   in each level of the atmosphere?          • Density and air pressure decrease with      significance to life on Earth.
                                                                                               altitude.                                 • Give examples of how the atmosphere
                                                                                                                                           impacts life.
                                                                                                                                         • Calculate density and air pressure.
Air pressure, heat transfer, and water         •   What is the source of heat in the         • Sun is the main heat source for life.     • Explain the role of the sun in
within the atmosphere are factors that             atmosphere?                               • There are three types of heat transfer      relationship to weather patterns.
affect weather patterns.                       •   How is heat transferred?                    utilized in our atmosphere.               • Identify and explain the three types of
                                               •   How does heat transfer affect global      • Hot air is less dense than cold air.        heat transfer in Earth’s atmosphere.
                                                   winds?                                    • All wind is created by differences in air • Identify the characteristics of warm,
                                               •   How does the climate effect weather         pressure.                                   cold, stationary and occluded air
                                                   patterns?                                 • Climate of a region affects the weather     masses.
                                                                                               pattern.                                  • Explain & diagram one type of air front.
The water cycle affects the weather in a       •   What are the four parts of the water      • There are four parts of the water cycle.  • Identify and explain the four parts of the
given area.                                        cycle?                                    • There are four types of air masses.         water cycle.
                                               •   How does the climate of an area affect    • Types of precipitation produced by the    • Demonstrate their understanding of the
                                                   the air mass that develops over that        water cycle effect weather.                 stages of the water cycle through a
                                                   region?                                   • There are five global wind belts that       diagram or poster.
                                               •   How does the water cycle affect             include:                                  • Explain the most likely result of two
                                                   weather?                                         o Trade Winds                          colliding air masses, weather patterns,
                                               •   What are the major global wind belts?            o Westerlies,                          or precipitation.
                                               •   How do differences in air pressure affect        o Easterlies,                        • Explain the phase changes involved in
                                                   global winds?                                    o Horse Latitudes                      each step of the water cycle.
                                               •   What is the Coriolis Effect?                     o Doldrums                           • Explain how at least one type of
                                               •   How are clouds formed?                    • All wind is created by differences in air   precipitation is created.
                                                                                             • Air pressure is related to density.       • Explain the formation of sea and land

                                                                 Grade 6 Science Learning Standards

Understanding                                Essential Questions                          Knowledge                                    Skills
Students will understand that                                                             Students will know the/that                  Students will be able to
                                                                                         • Earth’s rotation creates the Coriolis        breezes & how they affect local weather.
                                                                                           Effect.                                    • Create a two-dimensional model of
                                                                                         • Cloud formation is related to the water      global winds.
                                                                                           cycle.                                     • Identify the five global wind belts.
                                                                                                                                      • Demonstrate their understanding of
                                                                                                                                        density to air pressure through
                                                                                                                                      • Define and explain the Coriolis Effect.
                                                                                                                                      • Explain the phase changes in cloud
Meteorologists collect and analyze data to   • What types of tools do meteorologists     • A thermometer, barometer,                  • Read a thermometer using both
interpret weather conditions.                  use?                                        anemometer, and weather vane are             Fahrenheit and Celsius.
                                             • How do these tools help meteorologists      instruments used by meteorologist.s.       • Identify a weather vane and an
                                               to predict the weather?                   • Data collected by these instruments          anemometer and how they are used.
                                                                                           include: measurement of temperature,       • Interpret the reading of a barometer by
                                                                                           air pressure, wind speed, and direction.     explaining the likely result of an increase
                                                                                                                                        or decrease of barometric pressure.
                                                                                                                                      • Collect and analyze data from the
                                                                                                                                        Sharon Middle School Weather Station.

Strand 2: Weather and Climate
Understanding                                Essential Questions                          Knowledge                                    Skills
Students will understand that                                                             Students will know the/that                  Students will be able to
Seasons are a result of the Earth’s tilted   • What causes the seasons?                  • Axis is the angle of rotation around       • Explain why seasons occur.
axis.                                                                                      which the Earth rotates as it orbits
                                                                                           around the sun.
There are three main temperature regions     • What are the temperature regions on       • Three main temperature regions are the     • Locate and color code a map that
on Earth.                                      the Earth?                                  polar, temperate and tropical.               illustrates the temperature regions of the
There are five main climate regions.         • Can you distinguish one climate region    • Characteristics of the five climate        • Explain the important differences in
                                               from another?                               regions.                                     each climate.
Human activity can add greenhouse            • What adjustments or changes can be        • Causes of global warming.                  • Explain how humans contribute to global
gases to the atmosphere, which may             done to lessen global warming?            • CFC’s are found in appliances.               warming.
cause global warming.                                                                                                                 • Explain ways people can reduce global
                                                                                                                                        warming from occurring.

                                                                   Grade 6 Science Learning Standards

Strand 3: Earth Science
Understanding                                 Essential Questions                            Knowledge                                     Skills
Students will understand that                                                                Students will know the/that                   Students will be able to
Earth’s features are unique and change        • What are the four layers of the Earth?      • Earth has four main layers; core,           • Identify the layers of the Earth.
over time.                                    • How do the layers of the Earth differ         mantle, inner core and crust.               • Identify the state of matter in the layers
                                                from one another?                           • There is a tremendous amount of               of the Earth.
                                                                                              pressure inside the Earth.                  • Identify the relative temperature of each
                                                                                                                                            layer in the Earth.
Heat from the core travels through the        • How does heat transfer within the           • Characteristics of the Asthenosphere        • Identify convection currents in the
Earth and affects the interior and exterior     Asthenosphere affect the Lithosphere?         and Lithosphere.                              Asthenosphere.
of our planet.                                • What is the composition of the different    • Demonstrate their understanding of          • Create a model and explain the concept
                                                layers of the Earth?                          plate boundaries through the “Milky           of seafloor spreading.
                                                                                              Way” experiment.                            • Label a diagram that includes the mid-
                                                                                                                                            ocean ridge, mantle, direction of plates,
                                                                                                                                            subduction zone, oceanic and
                                                                                                                                            continental plates.
As technology advances, scientific theories • How did theories of plate tectonics           • Scientists are continually updating their   • See through a demo how the plates of
change.                                       evolve through time?                            understanding based on new data.              the U.S. have moved trough time.
The Theory of Plate Tectonics explains the • What is the difference between                 • Subduction occurs due to plates uniting     • Correlate earthquakes and volcanoes
movement of the Earth’s plates.               subduction and seafloor spreading?              at a convergent boundary.                     with plate boundaries.
                                            • What are the 3 types of plate                 • Sea floor spreading results due to          • Label diagrams and demonstrate an
                                              boundaries?                                     convection currents.                          understanding of subduction and
                                            • What causes earthquakes, mountains            • Difference between the divergent,             seafloor spreading.
                                              and valleys?                                    convergent, and transform are plate         • Explain changes in the Earth’s crust as
                                            • What type of tool is used to measure the        boundaries.                                   the result of the three types of plate
                                              strength of an earthquake?                    • Heat and pressure create mountains,           boundaries.
                                                                                              volcanoes, earthquakes, and shifting        • Use a diagram in which they will identify
                                                                                              continents.                                   plate boundaries.
                                                                                            • Geologists use seismographs to record       • Draw a cross section of a volcano and
                                                                                              the severity of an earthquake.                label the following parts; crater, vent,
                                                                                                                                            pipe, magma chamber, and explain the
                                                                                                                                            cause of volcanic eruptions.
                                                                                                                                          • Explain changes in the Earth’s crust as
                                                                                                                                            the result of the three types of plate
                                                                                                                                          • Recognize a seismograph used in
                                                                                                                                            recording earthquake severity.

                                                                 Grade 6 Science Learning Standards

Strand 4: Chemistry
Understanding                                 Essential Questions                           Knowledge                                    Skills
Students will understand that                                                               Students will know the/that                  Students will be able to
Matter is the building block of the universe • What is matter?                             • Matter has characteristic properties.      • Identify the characteristics of matter.
with specific properties.                    • What is mass, volume and density?           • Matter has mass and volume.                • Read and use a graduated cylinder to
                                             • How is density related to mass and          • Density is the ratio of mass to volume.      determine the volume of a liquid
                                               volume?                                     • The difference between mass and              substance.
                                             • What is the difference between mass           weight.                                    • Find the density of a substance using
                                               and weight?                                 • An atom is the smallest unit of an           either the triple beam balance or a
                                             • What is the smallest unit of an element?      element.                                     graduated cylinder.
                                             • What are the parts of an atom?              • An atom has three sub-atomic particles.    • Use the mathematical formula to
                                                                                                                                          determine the density of a substance.
                                                                                                                                        • Determine the mass of a substance by
                                                                                                                                          using the triple beam balance.
                                                                                                                                        • Recognize elements by becoming
                                                                                                                                          familiar with the Periodic Table of
                                                                                                                                        • Label the neutrons, protons and
                                                                                                                                          electronics in a model of an atom.
Scientific models are constantly changing. • What scientists have made contributions • Scientists’ understanding of the atom            • Share with one another the contribution
                                             to the study of the atom?                 has changed through time.                          of several scientists to the
                                                                                                                                          understanding of the atom.
How elements are arranged on the            • How do scientists use the Periodic           • An element is a pure substance.            • Recognize the symbols that represent
Periodic Table in an organized manner.        Table?                                       • Elements are organized on the Periodic       the common elements.
                                                                                             Table.                                     • Use the atomic number for an element
                                                                                                                                          to determine the number of protons and
                                                                                                                                        • Explain how elements are arranged on
                                                                                                                                          the Periodic Table.
Matter exists in different phases.          • What are the four phases of matter?          • Four phases of matter are liquid, solid,   • Explain the characteristics of a solid,
                                            • What is the difference between a               gas, and plasma.                             liquid, gas and plasma states.
                                              physical and chemical change?                • A chemical change produces a new           • Illustrate and label an example of
                                                                                             substance but a physical change alters       chemical and physical change.
                                                                                             the appearance.                            • Use pictures and words, to explain the
                                                                                                                                          movement and arrangement of particles
                                                                                                                                          in a substance as it changes from one
                                                                                                                                          phase to another.
Atoms are combined to form all things on    • What is a pure substance?                    • A pure substance consists of one type      • Give examples of pure substances.
Earth.                                      • What is a mixture?                             of particle.                               • Give an example of a mixture.

                                                                       Grade 6 Science Learning Standards

Understanding                                   Essential Questions                            Knowledge                                      Skills
Students will understand that                                                                  Students will know the/that                    Students will be able to
                                                • What is viscosity of a substance?           • A mixture is composed of pure                • Explain how to separate a mixture.
                                                                                                substances.                                  • Observe, record and compare the
                                                                                              • Viscosity is resistance of liquid to flow.     viscosity of different liquids.

Strand 5: Biology
Understanding                                   Essential Questions                            Knowledge                                      Skills
Students will understand that                                                                  Students will know the/that                    Students will be able to
Microscopes are instruments used to aid         • What are the parts of the microscope?       • A microscope consists of ten major           • Label the parts of a microscope.
scientists in viewing material not visible to   • What is the function of each part of the      parts.                                       • Explain the function of each microscope
the naked eye.                                    microscope?                                 • Each part of the microscope is designed        part.
                                                • How does one focus in and view a              in respect to its function.                  • Observe and label different types of
                                                  specimen?                                   • How to properly use a microscope.              specimens by using a microscope.
                                                • What magnifications are present in the      • Difference between magnification and         • Explain and demonstrate the
                                                  microscopes used by the students?             size of the field of view.                     relationship between the magnification &
                                                                                                                                               field of view when using a microscope.
The steps used in preparing a wet mount         • How does one prepare a wet mount            • Specific steps used to make a wet            • Prepare and view slides of onion cells,
of a live specimen.                               slide?                                        mount slide.                                   cheek cells and protists.
How to handle and properly use a light          • Why is it necessary to handle a light       • Light microscopes are fragile and            • Explain and demonstrate how to handle
microscope.                                       microscope properly?                          precise scientific instruments.                and care for a light microscope.
Cells are the building blocks of life.          • What is the smallest unit of life?          • Basic functions of all single celled         • Describe the structures and functions of
                                                                                                organisms include the following:               a typical cell.
                                                                                                movement, excretion, reaction to stimuli,
                                                                                                reproduction and complex chemical.
The differences between plant and animal        • How are plant and animal cells              • All cells undergo basic life functions.      • Identify plant and animal cells by using
cells.                                            different?                                  • Differences between plant and animal           live specimens.
Protists are single celled organisms that       • What are protists?                          • Amoeba, euglena and paramecium are           • Identify living amoeba, paramecium and
have a nucleus.                                                                                 examples of protists.                          euglena by using the light microscope.
                                                                                              • Protists vary in cell structure.
Protists share characteristics of both          • What are the characteristics of             • Paramecium and amoeba have animal            • Prepare a slide of at least one
plants and animals. They may have                 paramecium, amoeba and euglena?               like characteristics.                          paramecium or amoeba and one
characteristics of either one or the other.                                                   • Euglenas have animal and plant like            euglena.
                                                                                                characteristics.                             • Draw and label the observed protists
                                                                                                                                               viewed under the microscope.


To top