e omantic music began in Europe during the early 1800s and continued until the beginning of the 1900s. It was preceded by the Classical period, and followed by the 20th Century. Literature and art also experienced such a Romantic Period, and, like musicians, writers and artists also believed that certain things in the world could only be understood through emotion and feeling, and they strove to increase emotional expression in their work. Music from the Romantic Period does not necessarily evoke images of a soft or dreamy atmosphere. Instead the term “Romantic” applies to the characteristics of a composer’s particular style. For instance, Romantic composers began using harmony in ways previous composers had never done before; they started to create more dissonance (tension) in their music, expanded their palate of harmonies and arranged commonly used chords, or groups of notes in new ways. They also focused on making the melody more interesting, and some composers even began telling stories through their music. In addition, composers were inspired by the poetry of their time and they often set these poems to music for piano and voice. Soon, many people could enjoy singing and playing these songs in their own homes. As the musical trends progressed, so did technology, and instruments (specifically, the woodwinds) were improving and becoming easier to play with a broader range. This enabled composers to push musicians to new limits and be more original or creative in their own compositions. Directions: Add in the names and dates of each featured composer in order on the timeline below: 3.) _______________ 40 1.) _______________ _______________ 6.) ________________ _______________ ________________ 4.) ________________ 2.________________ ________________ 5.) ________________ Beethoven ________________ ________________ is composing The Romantic Period Jazz Modern Music 1700 1800 1900 2000 1839 Charles 1812 Dickens is 1889 1914 1939 1981 Ben Franklin American First The Eiffel Tower First bicycle writing WWI WWII Revolution is built in France personal 1789 1861 computer French President Lincoln 1841 and the 1969 Revolution 1870-80 Saxophone Civil War First man 1811 Color invented on the Latin American photographs, moon War of 1828 the telephone, Independence First US the phonograph, from Spain railroad and the electric light bulb are all invented Use the information from the “Composer Focus” pages to match each composer with the correct identity below! Villa-Lobos Rimsky-Korsakov Saint-Saëns Rossini Bernstein Berlioz 1.) ________________ Both a talented composer and 4.) ________________ He held a position in the navy, and conductor, he wrote a famous composed his Symphony No. 1 while Broadway musical and conducted sailing around the world. Some of the many great orchestras worldwide. sights he saw during his journeys were His “Young People’s Concerts” even used in his later compositions. He also helped him to share music enjoyed using folk melodies in his music; 41 with children. often borrowing from both his own country and from others as well. 2.) ________________ Growing up, he was immersed in 5.) ________________ This composer truly believed that music the traditional music of his own could represent real emotions like love, people. He collected folk songs sadness or fear. He was very interested in and later added the rhythm and books, and is famous for telling his own spirit of these unique sounds into stories through his compositions. his own compositions. 3.) ________________ In both his performances and 6.) ________________ As he is most known for his operas, this compositional style, this man was composer could write both a comedy or a truly elegant. His very strong tragedy with equal talent and flare. The opinions about music often made overture to one of his operas, William Tell, him seem a bit of a grouch. One of is often used on TV and remains his most famous pieces is called well-known to this day. Carnival of the Animals.